A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Strik(e, Stryk(e, Straik(e, v. Also: strikk, strick(e, stryik, stryck, strek(e, streck, streik(e, streick, streek, streack, strak, stirk(e. P.t. strak(e, strack(e, strakk, straik(e, straick, streak, strik, strok(e, stroik, stroak(e, strouk, strouck, strook(e, struk(e, struik(e, struck, struicke, strikit, straikit, streikit, stract. P.p. strikin(e, -yn, -en, strikkin, -en, strykin, stryk(k)yn, strykyne, strickin, -en, strictin, strekin(e, -yn, strekkin, -en, streikin, strakin, -en, strokin, -en, strocken, strukin(e, -en, strukkin, -en, strukne(d, strwkin, struccin, struckin(e, -en, struckkin, struikin, streukin, stirkin, stra(c)k, stroke, strick, stru(c)k, struct. [ME and e.m.E. strike(n (Layamon), stryke (Rolle), streeke (1603), stricke (1639), p.t. strac (Orm), strok (c1320), strek (c1350), strak(e (1400-40), strooke (1557), strucke (1627), stroake (a1650), also stryked (Chaucer), striked (1400), p.p. stryken (Trevisa), striken (c1400), strekyn (1417), strykyn, -en (both a1450), stricken (1542), stroken (1560), stroke (a1566), strooken (a1577), stricke (1583), strocken (1592), striked (1596), strook (1599), strucken, strucke (both Shakespeare), OE strícan, p.t. strác, p.p. stricen.]
I. To deal a blow to, hit, beat.
1. tr. To hit (a person or animal), usually with the hand or with an implement; to kick (also, of a horse). Also fig.
pres. To strik this man, sir, ȝe misdo; Leg. S. ii 121.
Gif wythin gyrth … ony man thruch ill will lyftis his neff to stryk an othir; Acts I 8/2.
Gif that ony man strikis ane other manis best throw ir or hatrent; Acts I 384/2.
He that strykis his falow but caus resonable, aw to tyne his hede; Hay I 116/26.
Stryke; Henr. Fab. 2227.
I was closand togiddir into presoun, and strikand [L. cædens; P. betinge] be synagogis thame that beleuet into thee; Nisbet Acts xxii 19.
He that strikkis and slais a man or a woman, lat him dee the deed; Hamilton Cat. 87.
Of knichtheid it is aganis the aith. Outher ȝoldin or deid man for to strike; Rolland Seven S. 7839.
The larde of Grange … had gewin charge … to stryk the said Henrie with a batton; Bann. Trans. 68.
Thay began to rug and reiue, stryk and stick ilk vther; Dalr. I 323/6.
For etling to strik the said Isobell with ane brasin pan; 1643 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 1.
1673 Corshill Baron Ct. 113.
(b) If any officer do strick any of them with his hand, … he shall losse his right hand; 1639 Articles of Militarie Discipline 8.
(c) If ever he be found hereafter to straike his wyf; 1642 Culross 197.
(d) My mane nether did streik him nor tak any thing frome him; 1626 Aberd. Council Lett. I 247.
He that strekis any person, with [his] hand feit or utherwyse, salbe plundged or douked our the heid thrie sindrie tymes or doukes in the seæ; Bisset II 261/12.
William Pollok … violentlie output the said deacon and theis present with him … schoiring to strek them; 1632 Glasgow Weavers 70.
Sundrie of the wreights … with cleukis and balstones in thair hands, and paseing frae house to house … strecking the people thairin; 1653 Glasgow B. Rec. II 259.
The said Archibald did streck him and putt his gluiffes on his handis and maid him his prissouner; 1660 Rothesay B. Rec. 46.
Quhen Donald Ure was sitting on a strull [? = stuill], John Galie wricht did streik the said Donald with his fute till he fell; 1668 Rothesay B. Rec. 160.
p.t. Thane Nero hym in gret ire strak; Leg. S. ii 115.
Julyane … gert carwe hire tong in twa Bot … scho strak Julyane in the e Vith it, & lettyt hyme thane to se; Leg. S. xlv 295.
Caterine Aharre … strakk the alderman dispituosly; 1453 Ayr B. Ct. 3 Oct.
And sum thai strake, and sum thai revit jowellis fra; Hay I 29/32.
[They] cruelly dang and strak him; 1497–8 Acta Conc. II 152.
I wald na man strak ane best; 1522–3 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 67.
(b) Quha straike thé now thow tell ws tyte; Dunb. Asl. MS II 243/31.
Be the hair of the heid [scho] hald him & straik him with hir neffis; 1530 Alloway Baron Ct. 23 Aug.
George pullit ouip ane flesch cruik and thair straik the said Jhone Faucht; 1568 Lanark B. Rec. 42.
(c) I saw nocht quhen James Saltoun strack thir ky in the medo … bot quhen I come hayme Jhone of Lauder … said to me that James straik thaim evyll and kest ane roung at thaim quhen he mycht nocht ourtak thaim; 1540 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 225.
The saids persons … being … at ther unlesum games and pastymes, … strack, dang and keist and kepit uthers, trublit, molestit the haill town [etc.]; 1620 Inverurie 207.
Robert Duffus … stract and beatt him with ane staff; 1681 Banff Ann. I 160.
(d) William Fischear … claife his neis with ane schovle and strik and dang him to the effusioun of his bluid; 1557 Digest Justiciary Proc. B 140.
(e) Malcus me struk till Caiphas I past; Bann. MS 31b/19.
It was prowin that ather of thame struik utheris yesternicht and that John Ker did strek Adame this day; 1671 Rothesay B. Rec. 197.
(f) And quhils her heide was boued her brest shee strooke And … Pourd furth her sighs [etc.]; Fowler I 210/5.
McClashen … confessed that quhen More NcIlrevie gave him ill words that he lifted his hand to her but strook her not; 1651 Kingarth Par. Rec. 29.
He hes deponed that Johne Carsan strook Johne Thomson in Auchnefad; 1671 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 22 April.
James Red came to Agnas Crauford's house, and when he saw Elisabeth Crie there, he strooke her with his feet; 1691 Cramond Kirk S. III 23 April.
(g) He nether stroak nor bled the said defender; 1664 Melrose Reg. Rec. II 110.
(h) [He] saw Alexander cumand to visie the feild Strikit his steid and hit him in mid the scheild; Hay Alex. 1398.
p.p. Than com Dawcline and … saw Ladynis haid strikin ane Greik; Hay Alex. 3208.
He was strykin with neiffis; Hamilton Cat. 151.
Villiam Reid hes vnressonable streikin Dauid Curror; 1561 Dumfries B. Ct. 16a.
Ȝe serue to strickin be with roddis; 1567 G. Ball. 193.
Strukin; 1574 Reg. Privy C. II 418.
My lord regent being halkand … wes struckin be his hors; Diurn. Occurr. 342.
Strucken; Balfour Pract. 627.
Alexander was maist rigorouslie strukin be the devill uith ane battoun; 1630 Justiciary Cases I 147.
Thay say he had striken a man, whereof he died; 1641 Misc. Spald. C. II 235.
Complaining that they both had stricken and birrst his wyfe, being within a month of her tyme; ?1645 Colmonell Kirk S. 1 May.
William Barnat having strocken and wounded William Sangster the last Lords day; 1676 Meikle Old Session Bk. 98.
He had struck his own wife with a joint stoole; 1680 Inverness Presb. 97.
After Andrew wes stroken he called John Stewart [by an abusive name]; 1694 Peebles B. Rec. II 147.
fig. He wil thé stryke with His maist fatherly wand; G. Ball. 33.
b. To hit or kick in, on, over (etc.) a specified part of the body (once, on the helmet). Also reflex.
To strike (someone) in the nek, see Nek n.1 2 c.
(1) pres. Did not Apame in lyke case, Allace, allace! Straike that greit king vpon the face? G. Ball. 218.
He strekis Pantoskane with his suord gairdis on the feace; Hist. Kennedy 42.
According to the qualitie of the faults the maister shall inflict punishment, streking some on the loof with a birk wand; 1640 Dundonald Par. Rec. 467.
The said pannell did with the great end or butt of his pistoll most cruellie stricke and wound the said John McCallum in the head to the effusione of his blood; 1673 Argyll Justic. Rec. I 28.
p.t. Judas for wrake Rubene in the nek sa strake With stane til he fel deyd; Leg. S. xii 180.
With a brydle he leisheit and strake the said compleiner over all the pairts of her body; 1606 Reg. Privy C. VII 185.
The said capitane … strak the said Johne Douglas with his rod athort the shoulderis and said for his lyiff luck not back againe; 1640 Aberd. Council Lett. II 241.
(b) Scho … straik him [sc. the dog] on the hed, And brak his harnis; Seven S. 1445.
Ane seruand of the bischopis … on the cheik straik him vncurtasly; Kennedy Pass. Christ 410.
Paperius straik the Gaule on the hede with ane evore staff; Bell. Livy II 212/31.
[He] straik the said James on the forret with ane roung; 1556 Peebles B. Rec. I 233.
[They] straik the said Walter Chepman … with bauch strakis upoun his heid; 1569 Reg. Privy C. II 62.
Stevin Urde … cruellie straik the said Jonet upoun hir schulder blaid with the kavill of ane mylne; 1572–3 Reg. Privy C. II 205.
Melville Mem. 32.
(c) He tuke a gret spere … And stroik him so in-to the syd That [etc.]; Troy-bk. ii 2124.
[He] straik him in at the colere and down in the body; Asl. MS I 240/27.
(d) [He] struike me vpon the face wyth his stekit naiff; 1565–6 Inverness Rec. I 131.
[They] struke him upoun the heid with ane Jedburgh stalff; 1586 Reg. Privy C. IV 118.
(e) Jehoua ryse my God preserue me nou Quho stroke my foes on iaue & on chaft bone; James VI Poems II 7/14.
Robert Carsill … with a great carr syd strok him upon the head; 1663 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I 400.
He strook her on the arm with his staff; 1684 Peebles B. Rec. II 113.
p.p. O Lord Jesu, that tholit tobe strikin in the nek; Remembr. Passion 163.
Ȝe sal nocht alanerly be iniurit be euil vordis bot als ȝe sal be violently strykkyn in ȝour bodeis; Compl. 92/35.
Quhilk kow they fand lyand strikit on heid and feit; 1616 Rogers Social Life III 301.
(2) Ane othir he straik on a basnat of steille; Wall. ii 51.
(3) Nathologus In his sermone aganis Athartonus Reprevit him … Of the same thing straik him self in the necc; Stewart 16069.
c. With various adverbial and prepositional complements.
(1) Thar-fore ryse of this place I ne vil, Til a hund that hand brinnge me til, That nov has strekine me so sare; Leg. S. vi 91.
The said Jhone strak … the chek of this said Elen blac; 1512 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 19.
1540 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 225 (see 1 (1) p.t. (c) above).
Fy! Strik him laich; 1600 Crim. Trials II 183.
(2) Quhen nout fechtis togither ane be strukne to deid [etc.]; Dalr. I 123/6.
Ane of the cotteris … passit raslie to lous the oxin, and in doing theirof was strukin deid; 1597–8 Misc. Spald. C. I 179.
(3) For Gaudefeir at the first meting Straik him to erd; Alex. ii 1688.
Sum [sc. birdis] with ane staf he straik to eirth on swoun; Henr. Fab. 1878.
Baith hors and man he straik till eird; Dunb. (OUP) 157/206.
The earle he sought out … And strak him to the erd … Then leuch the earle and said … ‘Or I to luging went Ȝe me wnarmit, contraire my intent; Clar. i 763.
The said Sir Chrystell … straik at erd him that had the king in handis; Maitland Ho. Seytoun 19.
He … struicke ane of thame breadlingis with his sword to the eird; Bann. Memor. 135.
[The sheep] ran furious … and strak baithe man and beist thay micht ouirtak to the ground; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 135.
The said William with ane battown, straick me … to the grownd thairwithe; 1606 Inverness Rec. II 48.
Compeirit James Fergus and deponeitt he saw the said William Bothwell strukkin to the earthe bott saw na bluid; 1612 Inverurie B. Ct.
John Irving … strack the foresaid Janet Thomsone to the ground with ane elvand; 1672 Alford Rec. 183.
(4) Thelogonius … gaif him sic a sodane dusche With his clos neif one the nek so, That he his crage straik ewyn in two; Troy-bk. ii 2926.
(5) The kyng … stroke Achilles frome his hors; Troy-bk. ii 2794.
Ȝe haue him strikin quyt out our the stayr; Freiris Berw. 554 (M).
His horse kaist him, and straik his airme out of juntt, in the schudder; Hist. Kennedy 48.
d. With cognate object. Also fig. or in fig. context.
He and I straik sic ane straik … That I na wist quhethir it was nicht or day; Alex. ii 4850.
Thay straik him iii or iv othir straikis; Bell. Boece II 380.
The rest straik swme straikis at Mr. Thomas and he at thame; 1600 Crim. Trials II 156.
That … ye … dang and stracke the said Magie Jenor dyveris straickis … with your handis and feit; 1609 Inverness Rec. II 70.
Alexander Straquhan … did cast the said Georg Gairdner in the myr and straik him thrie or four stroaks one the head with ane trie; 1678 Forbes Baron Ct. 319.
fig. Ȝhit quhen he strikis, he strikis his straik sudanly quhen he seis thai wyll nocht amend; Wisd. Sol. (STS) 409.
[The hasard of battle] whaire God streke the stroke contrary to expectatione; 1570 Cal. Sc. P. II 112.
e. tr. Of a schoolmaster: To hit (a pupil) by way of corporal punishment, to chastise physically.
[The Paisley schoolmaster] does strek the bairnes severely; 1672 Grant Burgh Schools 198.
f. transf. To strike bluid, to strike (a person) in such a way as to draw blood.
The said proveist and baillie … hes … fynet the said Allexander Jamiesoune for the said bluid struck and wrong done; 1657 Rothesay B. Rec. 268.
g. With a missile as subject. Cf. 4 b below.
The same bullet stroke a handsome and stout youth; J. Somerville Mem. II 250.
2. To stab or cut (a person or animal) with a sharp weapon. Also with specification of the site of the wound. Also reflex. Also, to strike (a person) deid (also, to deith), and to strike throw, to pierce, run through. Also fig.
(1) Sum … Stryk [E. stekyt] stedis, and ber doune men; Barb. xi 598.
Thare bischope … With a swerd strak hym in hy; Leg. S. vi 663.
Ferrand … straik the first sa rigorusly That throw the bodie he him bair; Alex. i 118.
And be way of murthure straik him with quhingearis and crewellie slew him; 1551 Innes Sketches 356.
It happinnit him to haif His awin byknife, and … Thairon scho straik hir hand a litill we; Rolland Seven S. 7599.
I saw … Phoebus … With Cupids bow and with his dart lye strukned verye sore; Fowler I 67/10.
He sett furth a law that quha with his nife had strukne a preist, he soulde he punised by ane escheit; Dalr. I 225/25.
He fell in some quarrelling with the young man, and with his whanger stroke him, whereof presentlie he died; 1641 Misc. Spald. C. II 235 n.
Struckine; 1669 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 257.
(2) The vallis of the toune than wer Sa law, that a man with a sper Micht strike ane othir [vp in] the face; Barb. xvii 381.
Brandisand the spere … [He] Strak the dragone … In at the throt; Leg. S. xxxiii 266.
Porrus straik … Him in the scheild that schynit bricht; Alex. ii 4105.
In till the mowth strykyn wyth a spere; Wynt. viii 4896.
Thay traytouris ran on him and strake him throu the body; Hay I 64/9.
To … ger ane officiar stryke him throw the hande that wrate the said write; 1476 Acta Aud. 42/1.
Apone the hede in gret ire he strak ane; The scherand suerd glaid to the colar bane; Wall. i 413.
Be it a man to be strukin throw the hand, and be it a woman to be brint on the cheik; 1502–3 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 97.
And cruellie with this mortall dart, He straik the squyer throw the hart; Lynd. Meldrum 1586.
Jhone Cudbert … straik and bludit the said Gawin on the craig with ane suord; 1592 Lanark B. Rec. 109.
[They] first straik him with ane fork in at the leask; 1601 Crim. Trials II 363.
He strook him above the heart with ane whyt-hafted knyff of seaven inches long; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 406.
Strakin; 1631 Justiciary Cases I 168.
Strucken; Hope Major Pract. II 44.
Strack; 1667 Highland P. II 35.
(3) reflex. He … his gret sorow for to slak, Hyme-selfe into the stomak strak; Leg. S. x 488.
Scho straik hir self with ane dagare; Bell. Livy I 125/25.
I … strak my selff … an inche deipe in the inwart syde of the left knie even to the bean; Melvill 21.
(4) He … straik hime deid down frome his hors; Troy-bk. ii 2124.
Thay sture hors at that straik strikin deid lay than; Rauf C. 818.
All that ganestude he straik deid; K. Hart 394.
Ȝoung Tarquyne ran him sidlingis throw the body with ane spere, and straik him dede to the ground; Bell. Livy I 162/5.
Lang speitchles lay he strukin almeist deed; J. Stewart 90/363.
He was stroke dead throughe the head by one of the enimey; Balfour Ann. IV 127.
— Hir trew knicht … Was strikkin to deith for fault of hir [sc. Venus'] supple; Rolland Ct. Venus i 649.
(5) A felone freke … come be-hynd [hyme] at the bake, & owt-throw with a swerd hym strake; Leg. S. x 436.
[They] invadand him with cruell wawpouns and drawin swordis, for the quhilk caus thai sall be had to the trone and thair hands to be straken throch; 1500 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 86.
O thow left hand of Crist, quhilk wes strikin throw with a cruell naile; Arundel MS 244/181.
(6) fig. Cupid, … with his scharp grindine dairt Full suddanlie hes strukine hir to the heart; Clar. i 168.
The heavens … Inforced death to stryke hir with hir lance; Fowler I 239/9.
b. To sever (the head, a limb, etc.) fra (the rest of the body); to cut (something) in two, divide with a cut.
(1) He gert a basare ga strik S. Johnis hed hym fra; Leg. S. xxxvi 526.
He bad men suld … strik fra thame lym eftir lyme; Leg. S. xxxviii 465.
Fra ane he strak swne the rycht hand; Wynt. viii 2058.
His heid to be strykin fra his body, and his body querterit; 1563–4 Crim. Trials I i 441.
Williame Meldrum laird of Binnis … the knappis of his elbokkis strikin fre him; Pitsc. I 299/30.
[They gored an ox and] strak the taill from him; 1611 Reg. Privy C. IX 146.
Thair [sc. the sheep's] spaldis and legis wer strukin away fra thame in maist barbarous maner; 1616 Crim. Trials III 384.
The said Alexander Leslie persewis Mr. James Clerk, and strikis a lug fra him; Spalding II 428.
Ane burges bairne, quha had the knap of hir elbow struckin from hir be ane of the sojouris; 1652 Glasgow B. Rec. II 242.
(2) Than Nero bad a man suld ga, And strik Symonis nek intwa; Leg. S. i 362.
Ane armit man in mydis his ryge Baith irne and steil & flesch & banis His awne hand straik in twa at anis; Ratis R. 252.
Quhilk baillye passit to the said land and straik the sommys in twa and hewyt the plwche; 1460–70 Innes Sketches 507.
The thrid he straik throuch his pissand of maile, The crag in twa; Wall. ii 112.
The grundin sword … baith craig and hals bane In sunder straik; Wall. (1570) v 149.
My steed lay sticked a little me fro, And his lay stricken the back in two; Sir Eger 222.
The anchore roape, With shyning sword vnsheath't, in twaine he stroake; Mure Dido & Æneas iii 222.
c. To lance or cut (a vein).
Certanly bledyng be tymys of the vanys that I sal tel sal haf it away, bot if thu passis xxiiij ouris the matter is gaderit & hardnyd & wil nocht out of the vayn gif it be strykin; c1420 Liber Calchou 450.
He … bad the barbour strike the vane That scho mycht bleid alsmekle agane; Seven S. 1561.
d. To cut, chop, slice (meat) (in or to pieces).
Thay … went to meit, With all coursis that cukis culd deuyne, Muttoun and beif strikin in tailȝeis greit; Henr. Fab. 270.
Enteritt ane carcage of beiff strekin to xxx pece; 1597 Household Bks. Jas. VI and Anne 27 Feb.
Enterit ane fed ox fra my Lord of Rothous strekin to xl pece; 1598 Household Bks. Jas. VI and Anne 5 May.
e. To cut or slit open (a letter). Cf. 45 c below.
I wes advysed to strick open on of your letters; 1682 Edinb. City Archives Letters II (86).
f. ? To cut a stick for use as a staff or club.
Sum straikit stingis sum gadderit stanis; Christis Kirk 143 (M).
g. To inflict (a wound); to mark (a tree) with a cut or notch.
He straik … Into hir arme ane wound baith deip and braid; Rolland Seven S. 4639.
Bot verie oft he bannit that hand quhilk thay woundis straik not better; Dalr. II 215/3.
All … the wood and growand treis … within the wood of Daltalecht … and as the samyn is markit and struckin with ane yeacks fra tre to tre benethe the young grouthe vpon the haid of the hill; 1607 Fam. Rose 294.
h. To prick, goad (a horse) with spurs.
[He] strak with spuris the stede in hy; Barb. iii 121.
Barb. xx 458, etc.
With spurris tit straik he the steid; Alex. i 1453.
Rauf C. 812.
His palfray strake he with his spure; Seven S. 977.
He his hors with spurris scharpe Straike and tarijt nocht to carpe; Seven S. 1300.
i. fig. Of a feeling, emotion, sense, impression, etc.: To pierce or wound, as with a sharp weapon. Also const. at, in, on and to (till) the hart.
Till her hart straik mony wofull stound; Henr. Fab. 311.
For his grace euir strikis one the saule; Irland Mir. II 73/12.
So sweit ane smell as straik vnto his hart, Quhen that he saw Dame Plesance at his will; K. Hart 401.
Methocht compassioun, … Than straik at me with mony ane stound; Dunb. (OUP) 10/98.
Of filth sic flewer straik till his hart, That he behouit for till depart; Lynd. Syde Taillis 113.
Of misbeleife the stound struike to his heart; Clar. iii 1471.
Quhen I hard the noyis into the well, Vnto my hart thair straik ane cruell knell; Rolland Seven S. 2482.
It straik sik a cnel to his harte, that he [left Britain]; Dalr. I 148/28.
God strake suche terrors in my heart; Calderwood III 15.
3. intr. To deliver a blow with a sharp weapon. Also const. at.
Also, once, of fishing (? with a fish-spear).
(1) He liftit his hand-axe hie And straik als fast as he micht dre; Alex. ii 1890.
He couth … Stryke with sword and couer him with sheld; Alex. ii 2693.
The lele Scottis men, … Strykand before thame manlykly; Wynt. viii 2250.
Quha ever strykis with wappin or other villaynis manȝe, … he tynis the hede; Hay I 116/15.
Quhen he is stuffit, thair strike, and hald hym on steir; Gol. & Gaw. 830.
He straik with his scharp groundyn glawe; Wall. x 366.
The fift way is takin of kepyn of the strykar for & he strik with the ege he mon lift his armis; Loutfut MS 132a.
Quhy tary I my deth? And ȝe lyst, stryke; Doug. ii ii 77.
Lynd. Meldrum 1504.
They … fell upon him [sc. Archbishop James Sharp] … and … so streak upon his hind head that peises of his skul was lost; c1678 Reg. Panmure I lxv.
(2) Then the king … Strak at the tothir wigorusly; Barb. iii 142.
Vphesit he hys braid ax rude and squair, And akwartly strake at hys aduersar; Doug. xii v 214.
Straikand at James, his swerd flew in the wind; Lynd. Justing 54.
Clariodus than straike at him [sc. the lion] belyve Under the lymbe and upward in the thie; Clar. i 999.
[He] drew his quhinger and straik at dyvers of the said nichtbouris; 1562 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XV 49.
When his angelis … did follow you with two edged swordes; and, … quhan thai struike at ȝou, ȝe did declyne and jowke in the water; 1570 Bann. Memor. 58.
The Maister struik with his speir at La Battu; Knox II 11.
He bad him stryk laich at his bellie; 1600 Crim. Trials II 296.
Strooke; 1629 Dundonald Par. Rec. 292.
Jon Inglis … having bein delaited for fishing on the sabbath day, … denyed that he strook at any fish; 1658 Cramond Kirk S. I 30 May.
b. To aim a blow or blows with the hands or feet, or with an implement (at, apoun, etc. (another, a thing, etc.), also att (a blow)).
(1) The ane straik with the armit neif; Alex. ii 4235.
Mint er ye strike; Ferg. Prov. MS No. 1001.
[She] did fight, strick and swear on the Lord's day; 1660 Alyth Par. Ch. 97.
The … inqueist … found the said Williame Wyllie in ane wronge to come within her boundis and there stricke; 1668 Corshill Baron Ct. 79.
Savoy, where death was inflicted upon a person who but strake with a batton; 1678 Justiciary Ct. Rec. II 315.
[He] followed me with ane staff and … stroke severall tymes and would have wounded me if I had not kepped the stroakes; 1678 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 278.
That the declarant should imploy her to spick for her to the Queen of Farie, and strik and battle in her behalf with the said Queen; Sinclair Satan's Inv. World Suppl. xii.
(2) The wachman had a felloune staff of steill At Wallace strake, bot he kepyt hym weill; Wall. iv 246.
Thai fell tratouris … strikand apoun ȝour blist face, and ȝeid with oppin handis and lukin newis; Dewoit Exerc. 68.
Item … to the smyth quhar the king straik at the stedy in Leith; 1507–8 Treas. Acc. IV 99.
Quhen I bid ȝow stryk stryk hardelie In to the nek se that ȝe hit him richt [sc. with a cudgel]; Freiris Berw. 498 (M).
[They] enterit with handis and feit at my yet, straik thairat to have broken the sloat wp [etc.]; 1585 Glasgow Prot. IX 152.
The Earll of Bothuell … strake vith ane hammer at his maiesties chalmber dore; 1591 Crim. Trials I ii 357.
William Scobbie wobster … denyit that he straik at hir dor with ane stone; 1619 Perth Kirk S. MS 20 April.
1628 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II 290.
The devill … gave the said Alexander command to tak that battoun … and thairwith to strek thryse upone the ground and to charge him [sc. the Devil] to ryse up foule theiff; 1630 Justiciary Cases I 144.
Dirige recta versus foramen, strike directly upon [sc. towards] the hole; Wedderburn Voc. (1709) 26.
The said Mathow yesternicht haid a drawin sword and did streck at John Kers dore thairwith; 1664 Rothesay B. Rec. 78.
James Mcmaister dyar deponit … hard Patrik Cuikis stryck at some persone with his nive; 1684 Stranraer B. Ct. 23 Dec.
James Sheill … strook att him with both his hands and that his hat and peirieweig went of; 1695 Peebles B. Rec. II 151.
— God gave him … strength to strick even att the boldest bloes; Garden Worthies 98.
c. Of a bird of prey: To deliver a blow with its beak or talons.
The egill strong at him did stryke, And rawcht him mony a rowt; Dunb. (OUP) 164/100.
4. tr. To hit or cut (an object, etc.) with an implement, etc. Also proverb. and fig.
[Than hastyly he suld] stryk with the ax in twa The hede-soyme; Barb. x 179.
He straik the burd with ane wand; Gol. & Gaw. 1164.
I rak bot litill To strik this ymage for to se How that he may rewengit be; Seven S. 1633.
Mayllets ar maid of … hard tre or ellis of hevy metall for to strik … hard thingis; Loutfut MS 38b.
The confederate kingis with thare armye assailȝeit with all kinde of instrumentis … to subuert the Wall of Adriane … How sone the wall was strikkin it fell; Boece 242.
As quheit is strukin for [= fro] the stra besyde; 1572 Sempill in Sat. P. xxx 163.
Bene tibi cessit hic ictus, that is well stricken; Wedderburn Voc. (1709) 26.
[The defender … ] did severall tymes strake the said watter and did catch … every on of the said tymes the number of tuo fisches; 1658 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 186.
proverb. Strick the iron while it is hott; 1646 Baillie II 359.
Well kens he to strick the iron while it is hot; M. Bruce Six Dreadful Alarms 17.
fig. I strake the nail upon the head; Sir Eger 663.
b. Of a missile: To hit, impact against (a thing).
Ane bullet strooke the lintell of the gaitt; 1592 Crim. Trials I ii 358.
c. ? To dam, divert or otherwise utilise the water of (a stream).
And quhare that north burn sekis in south upon him [he shall have] fredoume to strike it even furth quhare it was wont to rin; 1466 (1471) Reg. Great S. 215/1.
5. To fight (a battle). Also (once), to streik the vangarde (of battles), to fight in the vanguard. Also fig.
(1) The battale of Bannokburne, strykyne & vonyng be gud kyng Robert the Bruce; Barb. xi 348.
Thar wes the battell strikyn weill; Barb. xiii 152.
Wynt. ii 1392.
Mony grete batailles was strikin agayn the Franche men be Julius Cesar; Hay I 60/22.
Quhen Bruce his battaill apon the Scottis straik; Wall. x 245.
Strokin; Bell. Boece II 401.
Stirkin; Boece 113.
In his few legiouns was men ynewe to strike the instant batell; Boece 135.
Strekkin; Bell. Livy I 66/16.
To ane barbour in Glasqw, eftir the feild strikkin on the mure of the samyn, to by droggis to help to cure certane of my lord governoris servandis hurt thair; 1544 Treas. Acc. VIII 292.
Walter Cullen … departtit in the feidill of Peynky, striken betuixt Scoitland and Ingland; 1547 Misc. Spald. C. II 34.
The feild of Pinkie wes strukin upoun the xi of September 1547; 15… Warrender P. (SHS) I 277.
Nynus … was the man … In erth that straik the first battell; Lynd. Mon. 1956.
Pitsc. I 273/28.
Thair is a felloun feild, and a strang struckin, thair [etc.]; Dalr. I 247/27.
Struckkin; 1598 Crim. Trials II 72.
(2) The erle of Fyfe sall have and streik the vangarde of all battellis; Bisset I 64/24.
fig. A sair battel aganis Longinus struk Johne Knox; Winȝet I 78 margin.
b. intr. Of a battle: To be fought.
This hors vas tane with theiffis that day the feild of Melros straik; 1532 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 125.
6. tr. To remove with a blow or swing of the hand, or with an implement. Const. out or from.
(1) Wyth a walkarys perk but dowt The harnys all war strykyn owte; Wynt. v 640.
& nane vnfre bak na brede vnder the payn of the lede bodum strikyn out; 1442–3 Ayr B. Ct. 28 Jan.
1450 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 12.
The rowar [sc. wooden pin] out he straik with gret slycht; Wall. vii 1182.
This theif … had his teith strikin out befor; Myll Spect. 291/23.
The ymage of the crucifixe falling fra the rude loft apon his heid, straik out the harnes apoun the paythtment; Boece 601b.
Had nocht bein I loutit in that steid I had strikin ane lump out of my heid; Lichtoun Dreme 50 (M).
Be the hind heillis this hound than did scho tak And all his harnis out on the wall scho straik; Rolland Seven S. 4350.
(2) He on them ruschit than with awfull faire … Straiking thair steidis from them on the greine; Clar. v 1178.
From both He struke the sting; Garden Garden 53.
b. To remove forcibly, eject (persons, etc.) from (fra) one place to another.
The maledictioun of God that … straik thame fra the hevin to the deip pott of hell; 1525 St. A. Formulare I 269.
7. To drive, thrust, hammer home (a blade or other pointed instrument) (in (etc.) a person's body or betuix parts of the body).
The nayle than on his hewyde scho set And strake on fast wytht that malyhet … throuch his hewyde; Wynt. iii 104.
A felloun knyff fast till his hart straik he; Wall. ii 99.
With thir wourdis he straik the dagare to the hiltis in his douchteris breist; Bell. Livy II 10/6.
Drawing his body, nek, armes, and feit togidder within the boundis of ane span, [they] straik wadgeis betuix his schailbanes quhill the blude birsit oute; 1599 Reg. Privy C. VI 49.
The cursed blaide … Which in her breast vnto the hilts she strak; Mure Dido & Æneas iii 387.
They … strake the heid of ane speir throw her left foote; 1629 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. III 42.
If any man draw ane knyfe within the king's court to doe hurt therwith, the knyfe should be stricken through his hand; Hope Major Pract. II 285.
b. To set (a plough) (in the ground). Cf. Strek(e v. 9.
That the said William … streik his pleugh labour manur sett and dispone thairupoun at his plesour; 1563 Prot. Bk. J. Drummond 32b.
I leue to George Gourlaw … ane ox quhen he streikis his pleuch; 1579 Edinb. Test. VII 180a.
Cristan Lummisden … passit entrit and straikit twa plewchis in the said landis; 1582 Prot. Bk. J. Robertsone 19b.
Gif evir he streikit ane pleuch thairin thairefter, that they sould hoche his oxin and have his awne lyffe; 1599 Reg. Privy C. VI 43.
[The complainer's plough was] streikit and gangand, [tilling part of the said lands]; 1602 Reg. Privy C. VI 368.
[That the said James's servant] streikit his plewis in the orcheard and yaird of the abbay and teillit the same; 1607 Reg. Privy C. VIII 15.
Mr. Edvart Richardsone, … past to the ground of the glybe of the kirk … and causit strak plouk therein and maid reid land and sindrie foris therein; 1635 N. Meldrum Forteviot 53.
[He] did streack a pleugh upon the mains of Glenbucket about Bartholday; 1699 Misc. 3 Spald. C. II 113.
c. To pull or push (without implication of force).
Of his gorget ane buckill or twa he fretts. And straik his gorget doun vpon his breist; Rolland Seven S. 9554.
8. Of a serpent or spiny fish: To wound with its fangs or spines.
Thai cuth, be thare enchawnment, Ger serpentis strik men ful sare; Leg. S. x 67.
For he that hauntit him [sc. a type of fish with sharp spines] nocht be subtilite suld fynd him strikin with the pointeurs of his eeris; Loutfut MS 33a.
9. Of lightning, thunder (perceived as a destructive force) or other natural forces: To hit violently and with damaging effect (a person or thing). Also const. down.
(1) And thonnere [cam] in that sitht-war That strak till ȝerd all that war thar; Leg. S. iii 222.
A fyr-sclauchte [pr. -schauchte] of the hewyn … Thane Thomas … Saw stryk the ȝerd; Leg. S. vi 373.
Gret erddyn [sc. an earthquake] and felowne Strak howssys and gret towrys downe; Wynt. v 4396.
The branchis and levis of treis war strokin with thonder, and wederit; Bell. Boece I 286.
Sche vas on the feildis for hyr recreatione, quhar that the fyir slaucht straik hyr; Compl. 60/18.
Swa mony stormes at onis Struke neuer land sa sair; 1570 Sat. P. xvii 172.
Me thocht a fearfull fyre … Of kindled coales cam rushing from the clouds And strake upon the towne with furious thouds; 1611 Fugitive Poetry II ii 4/13.
(2) Julian … placed his awin image thair, quhilk was strukin done vith the thundir; Burne Disput. 168.
10. Of God, chance, etc.: To afflict (a person) (with suffering, disease or death), esp. as a punishment.
Sic lustful het sal be hir in, & eftyr hyr stirke sal I Nere wodnes & frenesy; Leg. S. xxxii 287.
Ane chance of mysfortoun, that all the tovn With womentyng straik to the boddum doun; Doug. xii x 104.
He wes nocht on punist for … he wes strikin with the hand of God; Abell 44a.
Ande gyf ȝe remane obstinat ande vil nocht be correckt, I [sc. God] sal strik ȝou vitht ane plag; Compl. 24/29.
Ananias and Saphira wes strukin … be ane word of Petir to the deth; Winȝet I 127/25.
Goddis hand can not long spayr in his anger, to stryck the head and the taill; Knox II 338.
Maister Hendrie Sinkclare … whome God after straik according to his deservingis; Knox II 398.
Cruel deith … for to straik thame wes nocht soir effeird; Maitl. Q. 281/32.
It is writtin he was strukkin miraculouslie be the hand of God; Fowler II 59/34.
Gif King Ozias was iustlie strukin be God with leprosie; Hamilton Facile Tr. 45.
If any of them sould twitch or tramp wpon any of it [sc. the chopped-up meat] … it sould strik thaim with byllis; 1662 Crim. Trials III 618.
To expel fra him his mortale innemy … that the ire and wengeans of God strik nocht suddanly on him; Irland Mir. III 68/34.
Lord! hald thy hand, that strikken hes so soir; Dunb. (STS) lxx 33.
Thoucht Deith tyll euery man resortis; Ȝitt strykith he in syndrie sortis; Lynd. Mon. 5097.
He will stryck, or it be long, yf His law … be permitted thus manifestlie to be contempned; Knox II 340.
Boyd Last B. 119.
c. Of a ruler: To mete out punishment, to forcibly chastise subjects.
Quhen ye haue be the seuerititie of iustice anis setled youre cuntreis & maid thame kenn that ye cann strike; James VI Basil. Doron 62/11.
d. tr. To inflict (something) upone (a person).
Item he sais that God strikis his sentens sudanly vpone wykyt men; Wisd. Sol. (STS) 406.
e. Of a disease: To afflict or attack (a person). Chiefly passive: To be afflicted with (be, of) a disease. Also ellipt.
active Ane feuir mast wikit quietlie and theiflie strikis the patient; Skeyne Descr. Pest 4.
passive Yrtacus thane sa vgly Wes strekine als with mysalry; Leg. S. x 480.
Constancia … Of foule lepre wes strikine; Leg. S. xli 341.
Throw thair … glutone, thay ar strikin oftimes with … dangerus and irremediable infirmiteis; Bell. Boece I xxiv.
Thareftir was the king be felloun plagis strikkin; Boece 33b.
Quha attemptit the samyn … , be blyndnes or furiosite war strikkin; Boece 322b.
He past hame to his hous sa hale as he had never be strikkin with ony infirmite; Bell. Livy I 192/20.
He wes strikin with ane wehement dolor in his bowellis; Abell 17a.
The father may be stricken with a phrensye, in the which he wold slay his awin childrene; Knox II 282.
Mr. Knox was stricken with a grit hoist; 1572 R. Bannatyne in
Knox VI 634.
Quhen sindrie of his cattell wer strickin with seiknes; 1577 Crim. Trials I ii 70.
With that foul seiknes, quhilk the Greikis gonorrhæa call, he was strukne; Dalr. I 290/18.
ellipt. Ye … said he sould repent yesterdayes work and the same day ane ox strick of his deit; 1629 Black Orkn. & Shetl. Folklore 106.
f. intr. Of a law, legal sanction, etc.: To apply, take effect. Also const. at, against.
(1) This mater is thocht to be civile, quhairupoun deprivatioun aucht not to stryke be ony law or custume yit ressavit within this realme; 1579 Reg. Privy C. III 237.
(2) Observe, here, also the superintendent is joined with the bishop, and the articles strick at both; Scot Narr. 34.
(3) That the censures of the kirk striken aganis thame may be feirit be thame; 1593 Misc. Maitl. C. I 60.
Inferior ministers … darr not displease others by the execution of discipline, lest it should strike against themselves; Scot Narr. 162.
And as to the law quhairupon they wer accuissed, the samen could not stryke against them, for diverse reasones; Forbes Rec. 478.
Thy judgments stryk Against my foes when shal I sie? Mure Psalmes cxix 84.
Inhibitions are only personal, and do not strike against any right made by the heirs of the person inhibited; Stair Inst. iv l § 6.
This Act … stricks only against such as interpret the kings laws so, as to make them a meer cloak for doing un-justice; Mackenzie Observ. (1687) 22.
11. fig. To mete out sharp punishment or retribution. Also, to strike at, to attack, to seek to undermine or overthrow.
(1) Force of curage … strykis on all sydis, and defendis the honour of knichthede agayne all vicis; Hay II 47/11.
So is ane juge withowt intellectioun Quhilk in his hand beiris the suerd of justice quhen he suld strek hes no cognitioun Bot [etc.]; Bann. MS 92b/63.
Eschew the swerd of wengeance or it stryk; Bann. MS 281a/3.
To his Majestie … Quhen ȝe sulde stryk, I wald ȝe vnderstude; Quhen ȝe suld spair, I wish ȝe were bening; Montg. Sonn. vii 7.
Seeing … the covenant standeth fast for ever … let Him strike and nurture; 1640 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 606.
(2) When at once the head of Strafford and the root of Episcopacie are strokin at; 1641 Baillie I 310.
Dareing (most ignobly) to streck at the honour of this deeply afflicted nation; Mure Caledons Complaint 20 title.
The Committee finding that the questions proposed do strick at the root of Presbyterian government; 1694 Misc. Spald. C. II 165.
12. tr. a. To make, obtain (fire) by friction. b. intr. To strike in fyr, to catch fire, combust spontaneously.
a. Thai slew the veddir … And [strake] [E. slew] fyre for to rost thar met; Barb. vii 153.
b. Barrellis off pyk for the defens was hungyn thar; All strak in fyr, the myscheiff was the mar; Wall. viii 1056.
c. tr. Of a musical instrument: To produce (a note) as a result of the plucking of a string. Also, in fig. context of a person: to pluck (a string).
Nor famous lute of cunning Amphion, Struike neuer note so pleasant to the eir; Hume 58/217.
fig. [The ministers of Edinburgh] … with a wonderful consent in varietie of giftes, all strak on a string and soundet a harmonie; Melvill 78.
13. a. To coin, mint (money, coins) (in specified denominations or for a particular value). Also ellipt. and fig. b. To cause (a coin) to be minted. c. To convert (bullion) in (coins).
a. (1) That … the king ger amende the mone and ger stryk it in lik wecht and fynes to the mone of Inglande; 1424 Acts II 6/1.
That thare be strikyn ane new penny of golde callit a lyonne; 1451 Acts II 40/1.
Item fra this new grote be strikin & proclamyt … than the grote that now rynnis for vj d. sall discende to iiij d.; 1451 Acts II 40/1.
We curs … Al thaim that strikis fals monee or clippis the kingis monee without leyff; 14… Statut. Sc. Ch. 6.
1519 Edinb. B. Rec. I 190.
Donald … was the first Scottis king quhilk strake the cunȝe and prent of the goldin penny; Boece 183.
To cunȝe and stryk vjxx stane wecht of allayit money; 1532–3 Acta Conc. MS II 133.
William Nasmyth … accusit of … forgeing … certane fals testanis … being with [William Hendirsoune] in cumpany the tyme he struik the said testanis and nocht reweland the samin; 1556 Crim. Trials I i 394.
All the said money was strikin heirefter to be of that same printt; Pitsc. II 129/10.
That thair suld be peces struccin of the fynes of ellevin deneris; 1581 Reg. Privy C. III 397.
Striken; Skene Reg. Maj. ii 44.
(2) Quhilk money is divisit and strekin in haill and half pecis; 1572 Reg. Privy C. II 136.
Throw occasioun of greit quantitie of fals counterfit money, plakis and lyounis, vtherwayis callit hardheidis, struckin in cunȝie in the tyme of the gouernament of the quene drowarier and regent; Diurn. Occurr. 344.
(3) For his bying of the kingis money apone ane hyear prys na it is strykin for; 1529 Edinb. B. Rec. II 15.
ellipt. Golde and silver peices, on the ane syde with the image of the haly croce, on the vther syde with his awne image he commandet to stryke; Dalr. I 178/33.
fig. This is … the Mint where all the other more visible causes of the bloody violence the people of God meet withall, are struct and framed; Cloud of Witnesses (1714) ii.
b. Ane pece gold price xl s. strekin be our wmquhill souerane King James the Fyft to Johne Reid merchant; 1567 Inverness Rec. I 158.
c. (1) That the master of the mone sal ansuer for al gold and siluer that salbe strikyn vnder hym; 1451 Acts II 40/2.
And tuik all the quenis siluir weschell and struik siluir quhilk straik was the xxx schiling peice; Pitsc. II 198/4.
(2) The lordis causit streik the quenis wark in xx shilling, xxx shilling and x shilling peices quhilk extendit to aucht stane wecht; Diurn. Occurr. 117.
[600 stone weight of] utter fyne sylvir [shall be] cuinyeit and strikin in half-merk and fourtie-penny pecis; 1580 Reg. Privy C. III 287.
The pryce of gold and silver strickin in grit peices of money … remane in the intrinsecall goodness weght and pryce as they ar at this present; 1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I 360.
It is thoght fitt that everie man give in his silver and gold work to the coine house to be striken in money; 1639 Johnston Diary 1A 56.
d. To impress (something) with a stamp. e. To impress (a device) upon (something).
d. Quhilk seill and stamp salbe applyit to leid, and the same leid, being sua strukin and prentit with the said stamp, salbe hungin to every wobe, pece and steik of claith; 1598 Reg. Privy C. V 472.
e. Ane[n]tis the strykkin of the said Johnis merk … he allagait the said Thomas Hovme of his awin fre will is content nocht till stryk his merk quhilk is ane Greik J bot allanerlye ane Greik T; 1532 Edinb. Hammermen 1.
To strike his mark upon knyffis or any wark or to sell them; 1599 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 277.
14. intr. a. To rap, knock (? with a gavel or hammer, at an auction, to signal a successful bid). Const. to (the bidder). b. To deliver a rap or knock with the foot, to kick (an object).
a. That the provest strike to till na man that biddis for the commoun rentis, bot that he tak souertie thairfoir; 1496–7 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 71.
b. Wallace … Straik at the dure with his fute hardely; Wall. vi 237.
15. tr. To beat or sound (a drum). Also ellipt.
Freq., as part of the process of raising recruits for an army.
[That they permit not] drum to be strikkin or trumpet sounded; 1570 Cal. Sc. P. III 166.
Thai straike the grand drwme, and went to these same houses, seikand the same man; Bann. Memor. 113.
The said captane, … caused strek the drvme out throw our said burcht; 1571 Bann. Memor. 159.
That they [sc. the lords] might have power to stricke the drume for gathering of men of warre; Bann. Trans. 3.
Jhone Fywie … confessis that vpon … Sanct Tobertis ewin he passit throche the toun strikand … ane of the commone drumis of the toun … and … promisis neuir to streik ane drum agane without the command of ane magistratt; 1577 Mill Mediæv. Plays 277.
Licence to stryke drummis, display handsenȝeis, and lift and collect the saidis cumpaneis of futemen; 1577 Reg. Privy C. II 641.
On Sonday last thair was ane drum strwkin in the brugh … & Maij playis vsit; 1583 Stirling Presb. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 289.
[Forbidding any one] to rais ony bandis of men of weare, … stryke drummis or use ony weirlike provisioun to that effect; 1587 Reg. Privy C. IV 212.
ellipt. The said Nicoll … to play & stryke throw this toun … in all proclamationis at the croce, … mustarde dayis, the dayis of the visitatioun of the tounis merchis, [etc.] … and incaice the wedder be fowle, quharby the swasches may not gang openlie … he sall stryke under stairs, at everie part of the toun to mak warning of the tyme of nycht; 1613 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 10 Feb.
b. To cause (a drum) to be beaten.
Lord Seatoune … made no small brage that he wold enter in the towne of Edinburgh and stryke his drume in despite of all the cairles; Bann. Memor. 38.
The Regentis suddartis … strack there drvme, desyring all that wald tak wages of the king [etc.]; Bann. Trans. 136.
c. To beat out (a particular message or summons) on a drum.
He … gart strike ane lairum and blaw his trumpatis and rang the common bell; Pitsc. I 300/6.
Generall Ruthven, … seing no appeirans of help fra the King, … resoluit to strik the parle be drum; Spalding I 340.
That no persone be fund vaigand on the streitis after the taptow [= tattoo] be struckin; 1659 Glasgow B. Rec. II 414.
d. intr. Of a drum: To sound, on being beaten.
The haill inhabitantis … to be in ane reddynes, quhen the swische strykis or commoun bell jowis; 1572 Peebles B. Rec. I 342.
As well by young men as women, with their piping, and drums striking before them, through the town; 1580 Perth Kirk S. in Chron. Perth 52.
Quhairat, thair wes sic joy, that the cannonis schott, the bellis range, the trumpettis soundit, the drumes strak; 1600 Crim. Trials II 245.
16. tr. Of a clock or bell: To indicate (the hour of day) by striking or pealing. Also, with a numeral denoting a particular time.
(1) For ane knok that strikis the houris iiij li.; 1503 Reg. Soltre 158.
For twa faddom of ane greit cord to caus the greit bell streik the hours quhen the knok wes away; 1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II 300.
To cause the said clock strick the hours swifter, that the people may not wearie in telling of them; 1692 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 313.
(2) And quhill the bell had strikkin ten The wowf hes drest him to his den; Dunb. (OUP) 114/66.
Eftir that nyne houris at evin be strikin; 1518 Acta Conc. MS XXXII 66.
At na persone house the samyne [sc. meal] within houssis quhill iiij efter none be strykin ilk day; 1529 Edinb. B. Rec. II 8.
That all the lordis sall … sit quhill xi houris be strikin; 1532 Facs. Nat. MSS III xx.
Johnne Baxster … to bryng the nexttis … to the mercat cors of Linlithgow on Satirday … or to pay the xx s. or it strik xij ouris; 1532 Linlithgow B. Ct. 15 Nov.
Thay sal reid vnto viij houris, the quhilk being strokin, the bel sal ryng to the medicinis lesson; Buch. Wr. 13.
And as I was cumand hame, it strake ten hours; 1573 Crim. Trials I i 512.
Strwkin; 1594 Glasgow B. Rec. I 159.
b. intr. To produce a note or tone indicating the time.
I leawe to … my brother my knok presentlie hinging and streking within my hous; 1635 Edinb. Test. LVII 91b.
The town clock is altogether faultie and does not strike; 1669 Dumbarton B. Rec. 85.
Hearing the knock strick, he asked if it was fyve; 1694 Hist. Carnegies II 265.
c. Of (a particular) time: To be indicated by the striking of a clock.
How sone xi or xii houris respectiue strykis the saidis lordis sall remane na langar; Instit. Ct. Sess. in Edinb. Univ. MS La.iii.388a, 2b.
Alsone as twelf [houris] streikis … the keipare of the knok … [shall] nethir hald the knok abak, neithir haist the houre fordwarde; Bisset I 153/13.
That the bell of Gilbert Leslies schooll salbe preceislie rung … at sex houres in the morning, thaireftir a little befoir sewin till the hour strick; 1639 Aberd. B. Rec. III 190.
d. Of an alarm bell or tocsin: To sound.
But incontinently there strooke ane allarum in the campe; 1560 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 83.
17. tr. To cause (a person) to fall suddenly in or be seized with (throuch) (fear, astonishment, etc.).
(1) Quhydder that I wes strickin in extasie Or [etc.] … Bot … in myne fantasie I hard this dolent lamentatioun; Lynd. Test. Pap. 220.
Mony of thame wer suddanely strikin in sum feir, leist … thay micht be chargeit for halding the quene as presoner; Buch. Detect. (1727) 35.
Quhair as the conspyrer suld be terrefyed … before the executioun, so … he must be strekken in feare euen efter the attempt; Fowler II 127/23.
He wes strukin in grit extasies and transis; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 210.
(2) The King was strikin [v.r. stirkin] haistelie with na les fere than hevy thocht; Bell. Livy I 120/6.
Sulde nocht … that foule lippre quhairwith scho wes plagit … stryk ȝow with feir?; Winȝet I 40/24.
The rude peple … strukne throuch a vane feir that … thay cum nocht sum tyme to skaith; Dalr. I 38/3.
The womann … striken with sic feir, feill deid; 1596 Misc. Spald. C. I 95.
Thomas Scot of Abotishall, … being strukin with a terror of conscience … for his ewill cariage; 1622 Crim. Trials III 596.
My heart was stroken with a sensible reverence of a deytie at my remembrance of H. N. death; 1634 Johnston Diary I 244.
I am struk with amasement to think that my [Lord Marischall] should in the least coutinanced him; 1660 Honours Scotl. 115.
b. To cause (a feeling) to appear suddenly.
I charge the heir, That thow straik in my hart na feir; Philotus 966.
18. To deprive (a person) of one of the faculties or senses, as if by a sudden blow.
A huckstar's stools Owr which I step'd: but soone wes strucken blind With fearfull fyre flaught; 1611 Fugitive Poetry II ii 3/12.
The other speechles stands, One tears strick blynd, another wrings his hands; 1625 Lithgow Poet. Remains 68.
All this tyme she was struckine dumbe and lost her speich till sche haid come most halfe ane myll; 1661 Elgin Rec. II 296.
Coming to his own house, he was strucken speechless and lost the power of ane of his sides; 1661 Reid Auchterarder 222.
b. In hyperbolic use, expressing the temporary effect of a sudden shock.
The bischope was dasht and strukken als dum as the stok he satt upon! Melvill 256.
II. Of going, proceeding, moving from one place to another.
19. intr. Of a person: To make one's way, go, pass; to force one's way into (in) (a room); to climb over (an obstacle). Cf. Strek(e v. 8.
And I stryikand hame, my boy … folowit me with ane drawin suorde; c1590 Fraser Wigtown 392.
They saw the saidis defendaris persew the duris of the chalmeris quhair his maiestie … was and stryk in thairat; 1600 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 108/9.
Playing at football, but not taken up in parties, but confusedly some strack over deck and som over a stack of corne; 1654 Cramond Ch. Grange 17.
b. p.p. Strickin in age (eld), (weill) strickin in ȝeiris, having passed into old age; advanced in years.
(1) I am now so strikin in eld, That I the kynryk may nocht weld; Troy-bk. ii 2621.
Mathew Heriott, burges of Glasgw, is ane corpolent man streikin in aige; 1566 Reg. Privy S. V ii 138/2.
Be ressoun he is struckin in aige and is not able to … supplie the cure … himself; 1573 Reg. Privy S. VI 412/2.
Johne Mortymere ansrit & said that he on no wayis wald accept vpon hym to be ane juge in that cauce … he was ane man strukin in aige; 1587 Prot. Bk. J. Inglis 4 May.
Scho being ane voman strukin in age; 1623 Perth Kirk S. MS 14 May.
(2) The said Patrik is becum aigeit and struikin in ȝeiris; 1584 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 191a.
(3) Metellan weil strukne in ȝeiris … depairted frome the land of this lyueng; Dalr. I 154/13.
Old Inchdearnie … depairted out of this life, being a man weill struken in yeares; 1650 Lamont Diary 23.
c. Bettir strukne in ȝeiris, older, more mature.
Eftir King Wilȝeam, his sone Alexander succeidet to the croune of Scotland. Quhen now he was bettir strukne in ȝeiris and had establischet his cuntrie throuch [etc.]; Dalr. I 336/4.
d. Of smoke: To rise (up).
Sanct Johne sawe a grete stern fall … in the erde, and … it semyt that thare rais out a reyk, and strake up in the hevin agayne; Hay I 26/10.
20. To proceed in a particular direction. a. Of a path or boundary (with specification of direction). b. Of a pain in the body.
a. With that a litill rod he fand Vp toward the crag strikand; Barb. vi 238.
[To divide lands] begynand on the west part of the Lowssy Law strekand west … tyl the west syde of that ilke land and sa north tyl the Fyssare falde; 1388 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 14.
The qwylk lande … strykkis to the west ende of vedryng medow; 1420 Liber Calchou 447.
The boundis … syne strikand north our betwen the proper landis of Arbroth and the commoune; 1456 Liber Aberbr. II 89.
As the commoun gait strikis ewin eist to the calsay and brig of the Bow; 1585 (1587) Reg. Great S. 415/1.
The barony of Panmor extendis … fywe Scottishe myles beginand at the sowthe fra the Ross heawen … and strikand northward to the bak hillis of Carmyly; 1611 Reg. Panmure I xci.
b. Ane extraordinar paine that cumes from his short ribes one the left syd and stryks from that to his hert; 1680 Laing MSS 423.
III. To impinge on, make contact with.
21. Of a moving body: To collide with, crash into (wpon) (someone or something else). a. intr. b. tr. and ellipt.
a. Thay straik to-gidder baith with sic a force That baith thair speiris sounderit doun in dros; Hay Alex. 1893.
The gyder straik the shippis, And ather on vther laid thair clippis; Lynd. Meldrum 743.
Wnto the Border Lands neir England, where The torrent Arve does strick wpon the strand; Garden Worthies 138.
b. A schip is cummyng to hawyn … & brekis his festynyng Ane other schip cumis & strikis him & he is hurt of the strak & sunderit his wynis; Ship Laws c. 14 (A).
ellipt. The master of the schip aw to suer … at thai strak nocht thar thankis; Ship Laws c. 14 (A).
c. tr. To (collide with and) break, smash, knock (with adv. phrase describing the result of the collision).
He thocht that a stan come fra a montane and hill without handis or operacioun of man and strak this ymage to sounder; Irland Mir. III 157/28.
His horse fell and strouk his choulder blead out of lithe; Moysie 116.
d. To cause, precipitate (something) (as the result of a collision).
A great lake [= leak] was stricken into our ship; Lithgow Trav. ii 62.
22. intr. Of a vessel: To run aground, hit (on, upon a rock, etc.).
(1) It was ane pieteous thing, … To heir the dulefull cry quhen that scho [sc. the ship] straik; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1370.
(2) For losing of Will Merymouthis bote, quhen scho straik on ground; 1501 Treas. Acc. II 101.
Declared that the boat wherein he was crossing struck upon the water and hindered him from coming in time; 1643 Dunkeld Presb. II 23.
The boat-men went to shooue off … the boat strake wpon a sand bed [etc.]; 1662 Lamont Diary 155.
23. Of light or heat: To fall or play (apone) (a surface).
Gif all the licht of the son and the heit of it strik apone a stane quhar thair is ane drope of watter it sone dryis it; Irland Asl. MS 60/10.
24. Of a sound: To penetrate in (the ear).
The word streiks not sa soone in your ear but the thing signified be the same word coms in your mind; R. Bruce Serm. 46.
25. tr. To come into, occur to (a person's mind).
About the year 1676, when there was som scarcity of grain, a marvellous illapse and visione strongly struk the imaginatione of two women in one night; Kirk Secr. Commonw. (1964) 256.
IV. To lower, let or take down.
26. tr. a. To lower or cast (a fishing-net) into water. b. To strike sail(s), to lower a sail or sails (as part of the manoeuvre of bringing a ship to a standstill; also, as a token of surrender). Also in fig. context. Also absol., without sail. Also erron., in Dalr.: To hoist or set sail prior to departing.
a. That naman of this burgh nor vthiris stryk ony nettis on ony fischeyhngis pertenyng to the commitee of this burgh quhil thai haue owtred and paijt thair fermes and maeles of al termes; 1456–7 Aberd. B. Rec. MS V ii p. 796 (24 Jan.).
b. (1) Thai saylyt a quhyle, Til thai come nere the Ile of Iy, & thare saile strak; Leg. S. xxvii 489.
The said Andro and his companioun streicking saill, and making as thai wald cast anker hard besyde thame, burded thame both and carried thame to Dundye; Knox II 12.
The English-men; … shot a great canon … at the Scots, thinking they should have stricken sails at their boast; Pitsc. (1728) 101.
Haveing strukin saill and cassin anchor; 1610 Crim. Trials III 105.
Unless throw hir [sc. a ship's] schutting or conbatting sche streik saillis; Bisset II 237/19.
Contrary blasts … to make us streek sail and give over; Pitcairn Spiritual Sacrifice 524.
When theyr ship came by the fort at Gravesend they streiked their saill; 1685 Lauder Observes 162.
(2) absol. And tuk wpe sayle and helde thare trade, In Tybyr quhyll thai strekyn hade; Wynt. ii 1620.
And in that rade Thai wald stryk, and thare tak land; Wynt. vi 927.
He wyll yow hayll, quhen that he cummys yow ner; With out tary than mon yhe stryk on ster; Wall. ix 110.
Stryk, doggis, ye sall de; Wall. ix 139.
Be than the barge com on thaim wondyr fast … He cryit, ‘Stryk’, bot no ansuer thai maid; Wall. x 847.
We strike at nycht, and on the dry strandis Dyd bawne and beyk oure bodeys; Doug. iii viii 9.
Sone tha let saill and straik into the raid, And ankeris caist to hald thair schipis fast; Stewart 317.
The schip strak in the raid of Leyth … and gaif hir self fourtht as ane passinger witht wyne; Pitsc. I 185/23.
Four and tventie greit schipis Vas strukin in the raid; Sir Colling 151.
We struik at Cestus, and at Abydon; Quhair passing ships are rypit, euery one; Montg. Misc. P. xlviii 111.
If the captain who first possest hir, or the captaine who by his guns made hir streick, … should cary the prize; c1678 Lauder Observes 258.
(3) The Frenche shipis beginis to lous thair anker, and stryk sail at Bristoo [= Brest] [L. e porta Brasto … solvunt] … and passing by thir narrow seyis … tha land in the riuer of Forth; Dalr. II 307/9.
Tha causet the Frenche men (and) Alemanis … to be sent till France, quhen al was radie to stryke sayle [L. cum omnia ad navigationem parata essent]; Dalr. II 333/3.
c. In fig. context: To strike (one's) flag, to surrender.
To secure an interest in Him … in comparison of which all other interests are but … inconsiderable, to which they all ought to cede and give place, and as it were, to strick their flag and lower their top-sail; 1689 J. Carstairs in
Durham Blessedness Death (1713) To the Reader.
27. To take down, dismantle.
For the key silver of the said chymnay or the syntreis war strikin iij s.; 1517 Treas. Acc. V 122.
To sevin men to streik the rest of the skaffald; 1554–5 Edinb. Old Acc. I 149.
28. To discharge (a load).
The chaggeris … sall … strik thar ladis at the Mercat Cors; 1521 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 208.
V. Of drawing or marking with lines.
29. tr. To mark (a tree) with a (chalk) mark. Cf. 2 g above.
For calk to strik the treis witht; 1539 Treas. Acc. VII 218.
b. To draw (a line or lines) on a surface.
Item for calk to the wrychtis to strik the lynis on the tymmer vij d.; 1555–6 Edinb. Old Acc. I 194.
30. To cancel, delete with a stroke of a pen.
Their motion to petition the Parliament … is evanished; as also the petition for upholding of the Bishops is strucken in the list; 1641 Baillie I 303.
VI. In various idioms denoting bargaining.
31. tr. To strike hands, to clasp another's hand, as a token of striking a bargain. Also const. with (another, his hand). Also, to strike one's hand in (with) another's hand that, to strike a bargain (with another) that something be done. Also fig.
(1) Straking handis intynit and sparkit with inemyis blude … thay swore that … thay suld revenge the innocent slauchter of thare prince; Boece 68.
Malcolme [and] … Makduff … syne straking handis, gevand and takand faith; Boece 467.
(2) The forsaids persones, … ar reconceilled, and straikit hands with otheres and hes promeised to keepe neighbourheid [etc.]; 1653 Peebles B. Rec. II 21.
(3) The forsayde Syr Robart and John faythfully heht, strekand thair handys in myne, bodely makand gude fayth that [etc.]; 1385 Red Bk. Grandtully I 138*.
Whither or not the said Charles Corsane did straik his hand in the said Johne Wilsone hand that the goods sould be restoired bak againe to him; 1676 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 229.
It is referit to his aith whither or no … he struke hands with Jean Neilsons hand for payeing hir four pund six shilling Scots; 1678 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 257.
[He] strouck his hand in mend that he shuld give unto me [an ox]; 1679 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 311.
fig. When infinite love and infinite power strike hands together; Renwick Serm. 213.
b. To unite (oxen) (in a plough).
[William Menie to] stryk oxen in a plewch with James Duncain and sall bear good neighbourhood with him, wnder the payne of ten libs.; 1678 Forbes Baron Ct. 318.
32. a. To ratify, agree the terms of (a bargain). b. To fix (a price; here, of grain) by agreement.
Cf. Feir n. and Fiar n.2
a. [We] mon … strike the bargane with hardyment as did oure eldaris; Boece 213b.
b. James Andersoune, chamberland … to give fourtie penneis doune to the tennentis of Provand of ilk boll of beir of the Provand fier, … in respect the same was promist … quhen the said fear was strukin; 1674 Glasgow B. Rec. III 184.
VII. Used with adverbs.
33. To strike away, = 39 a.
With that the mere scho gird him on the gumys, And strake the hattrell of his hede away; Henr. Fab. 1023 (Bann.).
34. fig. To strike (a person) back (from), to repulse, drive away from (a course of action).
Thai … with violence restraynit, and with tirranny straik back [1583 bet back] frome the rycht way (that is frome Chryst Jesus him self) suche as wold have entirit into possessioun of the lyfe everlasting; c1556 Knox IV 103.
35. To strike by, to consign to oblivion, cancel.
All thingis concernyng the said mater o tyme bygane strekyn by & fullely remyttyt; 1457 Reg. Dunferm. 344.
36. To strike down. a. To fell to the ground with, or as with, a blow; to chop down (trees). Also in fig. context.
(1) He gert thonnir & fire-slacht Stirk done the payanis thar stracht; Leg. S. xli 312.
He … that strikis doun ane man of hors bak in the chais … or that strikis him doun throu justing of wer; 1448 Acts I 351/2.
Sutelteis … that men may us to barate thair inymyes, as … to fynd wayes to stryke doune thair banner or thair standart; Hay I 164/35.
Sa kepis the sadill him that he be nocht lichtly put fra his hors; for quhen he war doune strykyn, than war his honour lawe; Hay II 48/15.
A knicht … Quhilk Perdicas before had strekin doun; Hay Alex. 3379.
Stirkin; Hay Alex. 3937, etc.
[They] had strikken doun Knichtis of Grece; Henr. Test. Cress. 487.
Schyr Jhone the Grayme, Ay strykand doun quham euir he mycht ourhy; Wall. v 943.
[The king] gart strek mony of the towris dovn with the gret gwn; Asl. MS I 244/26.
Bissines … Straik doun the top of the foir tour; Dunb. (OUP) 27/68.
Ane terrible beist … [that] straik doun gret treis with the dint of hir tail; Bell. Boece I xxxi.
Lynd. Meldrum 772.
As this reul dounthrawis the errour … nocht without cause we nameit it bayth a waippin and a werklume to strek doun a faa; Winȝet II 8/17.
(2) Saynct Benet gert stryk all downe Kwthlys that in devotyoune Carlys oysyd … off fals mawmentrys; Wynt. v 4921.
b. quasi-proverb. To mak a staff to straik oneself doun, to make a rod for one's own back.
He … maid ane stalwart staff to straik him self doun; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 384.
c. To melt down (precious metal).
The saidis twa drinking peceis of gold to be strukin doun and cunȝeit in fyve pund peceis; 1594 Crim. Trials I ii 339.
d. To strike (a person) down (a sum of money), to charge (a person) (the stated amount) less (than he would normally have to pay).
Andro Melnar has tan the meln of Peblis … and the sayd balyeis … has strekyn hym don v nobelis becaus he layd don viij pond be for hand in thar mestour; 1456 Peebles B. Rec. I 115.
37. To strike furth. a. To make an opening in a wall for, to drive (chiefly, a door- or window-opening) through a wall. b. To dig out, excavate. c. To knock out, remove with a blow.
a. j dur strikkin furtht in the est end of the munitioun hous; 1539–40 Treas. Acc. VII 346.
To strike furth ane dur in the north sid wall of the nether chalmer; 1564 Edinb. B. Deeds 132a.
He promeist … to strek furth and caus big ane dur and entrie to this yeard; 1566 Edinb. B. Rec. III 218.
Ordanis David Aikinheid … to strek furth agane the tua wyndowes in the eist kirk; 1616 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 141.
The toun thesaurer to straik furth and make uther sufficient gavill lights in the … tenement; 1677 Edinb. B. Rec. X 318.
He could not without the councills libertie straik furth ane enterie [in the arch of the West Bow] and cary up his turnpyck therby; 1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X 338.
b. Piter and John Johnstounes to aggree with craftismen to streck furthe ane laid for the new walk mylne; 1650 Glasgow B. Rec. II 186.
c. Thai will straik furth the caldrownis boldomis apprehendit in ony personis handis quha brekis the statutis; 1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II 178.
38. a. To strike in, to enter in, add to (a ledger, etc.).
My brother left with me to be sald to his profyt, and to be strykyn in ower rakynyn, a pak of Carsay; 1500 Halyb. 264.
b. To strike in with (others), to join with (others) as a partner or confederate; to agree with (a doctrine).
They were apprehensive of designs hatching … not from the public resolutioners, but Mr. Sharp, and others who struck in with them; 1660 Wodrow Hist. I (1828) 70.
Whosoever shall condemne this late act of defence … must … strick in with all the rabble of the sworne enemies of our Church and Reformation; Jus Populi 75.
Our surveyer perceiving … what a groundlesse … assertion this … is, thinketh best to strick in with Lex Rex and grant [etc.]; Jus Populi 111.
39. To strike of(f. a. To remove by cutting off with a sword, axe, etc.
(1) The king … Vatit the sper in the cummyng, And with a wysk the hed of-strak; Barb. v 641.
With ane ax his hewyde Thai strak of; Leg. S. xii 410.
The basare … A scharpe sword son has tane To strik hyr hed of; Leg. S. xxviii 630.
And off hys fyngrys, everilkane, And off all his tays … The utmast endys … Qwyt was strekyn off; Wynt. iii 9.
He gert stryk off hys twa handys; Wynt. vi 1040.
Sanct Petir … strake of Malcus ere; Hay I 110/17.
The first maister, tak and stryke of his heid; Rolland Seven S. 3901.
Efter hir death her twa armes fra the elbak doun to be struken off; 1612 Jurid. Rev. X 470.
The executioner strak of his heid at ane blow; Spalding II 32.
(2) That euerye thre cuppillis sall tak the lenth of a windeous pipe staf and the laging of thame strikin of; 1508 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 117.
Mr. Robert … causit straik of the lok of the souith chalmer; 1578 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 56b.
b. To knock off with a blunt instrument.
He straik of the hedis of the chesbowis … with his club; Bell. Livy I 116/22.
c. To drive (a golf ball).
The said golf ball … was streukin af be some other persone quho thane was playing within the kirk ȝaird; 1632 Justiciary Cases I 205.
d. fig. To cast off (affe).
Tha … gyue a stark counsel in possible haist to stryk affe that ȝok; Dalr. II 216/23.
e. To cancel by or as by a stroke of the pen, to cross out from a written record.
The lard of Grange teynd schawys ar defalkyt and of strikyn in the haill wictualis; 1531 Liber Aberbr. II 503.
Strekin of the James Bannatin in his land maill for begin of the cunsall hous, lv s. ij d.; 1570–1 Lanark B. Rec. 54.
40. To strike on (upon). a. Of persons: To attack. b. Of a legal remedy: To apply to, take effect on (a person, cause, etc.). c. To pass on (something) (in another's hands).
a. Romel … strake on his brothir … and slewe him in the mountaigne; Hay I 41/35.
Ane dragon … straik vpoun the prince of Armene; Hay Alex. 7.
On na wyse thai mycht Strike on the vangard for subtiltie nor slycht; Hay Alex. 1386.
b. The saidis jugis ordanit the panis of lauboris to strik upon the said Dauid; 1549–50 Cupar B. Rec. 14 March.
Providing aluayis that this present act and ordinance strik nocht upoun yule, pasche, patron dayis, mariagis nor bankettis to be maid to strangeouris; 1550 Reg. Privy C. I 95.
To be convict for being fra the raid of the sege of Edinburgh … or for the being fra ony uther raid or raidis straiking upoun the said Samsoun sen oure soverane lordis coronatioun to the dait heirof; 1571–2 Reg. Privy S. VI 293/1.
The act maid of the draggoun holl to strek wpoun Dauid Rollok becaus he is conuict off braking of the samyn; 1580 Mill Mediæv. Plays 278.
That nain of thair peroschineris presume to use May playes vpon the Sunday wnder pain off the censuris of the kirk to stryk vpon thame; 1590 Mill Mediæv. Plays 170.
1593–4 Cal. Sc. P. XI 265.
That synods, presbytries and particular sessions medle with no causes whereupon his [sc. the king's] laws strike, but fornication and such like slanders; Scot Narr. 70.
c. I … craiffit hyme iiii s. that I gaif his wyf … and prayit hyme to strik one the iiii s. in Done Strang handis for the said iiii s. that I craiffit hym; 1540–1 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 230.
41. To strike out. a. = 38 a. b. ? To fashion, beat out of iron. c. To set out energetically (to do something). d. Of a thing: To burst out of its setting. e. Of a person's face or body: To break out in a rash of boils or blisters. Also, of a boil: To erupt.
a. For … a dore in Mr. James Aytounes hous in the abbay that wes strukin out xl s.; 1618 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 107.
For ane pair of cruikis to the door that wes strickin out in the midwall abone my Lord Chancellaris kitchin; 1622 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 139.
That … there be ane window strickin out, whilk will wonderfullie decore and beautifie the kirk; 1629 Soc. Ant. I 109.
1641 Aberd. B. Rec. III 270.
The new entrie and dore to be stricken out in the northeist side of the kirk; 1648 Dunferm. Kirk S. 25.
To repair the chappell … with powar to … strick out lightis and ane entrie, and to caus fyll and lay the floor with daillis; 1649 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 95.
That no … nighbours … presume … to … stricke out dooris or windowis or hight chimneyis [etc.] … till first they acquaint the dean of gild [etc.] … thairwith that they may take inspectioun and give jedge and warrand to proceid; 1649 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII 201.
That James Arbuckells haveing strucken out ane jawholl in his wall adjacent to my window he therby cast watter and filth into my hous in at the window; 1669 Edinb. B. Rec. X 55.
The minister asked the heretors and session if they thowght fitting of som more windows to be struken owt for more light; 1683 Meikle Old Session Bk. 193.
b. For tua menes wadges ane day in helping to strick out the flaill of the utter yett [Cf. M. Works. Acc (ed.) II 191, For thrie gades of Swaines irne … for the flaill of the utter yett]; 1626 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 202.
c. If either the judges of the law ratify it, and none strikes out to pursue it, he hath sufficient title thereby to possess his lands; Fraser Lawfulness Separ. 58.
d. Ane schip ladnit with victuall lying in Ithan, ane plank strak out of hir syde, and fillit with salt water [etc.]; Spalding II 242.
e. (1) The pannel by her witchcraft caused Isobel Frend her face strike out; 1629 Black Sc. Witches 6.
Sir James Baillie … having eaten a small parcel of them [sc. poisoned tablets] … struck all out in blisters; Scot Staggering State (1872) 57.
(2) The boil … quhilk struck out was deadlie and sheweth also the weight of the disease; R. Bruce Serm. 167.
42. To strike throw, = 37 a.
It is condiscendit … that ane doir be strukin throw betwix the twa for his hous; 1647 Glasgow B. Rec. II 126.
She caused … a doore to be struken throughe the wall of her chamber for to goe to the wine cellar; 1652 Lamont Diary 40.
Johne Paterson … strake throw new doores in the leater meate roume; 1660 Lamont Diary 124.
Hir Ladyshipe cawsed Johne Patersone strike througe a doore throwgh the vtter greine chamber, to be ane entrie to that vselese rowme formerly called the Hawck howse; 1661 Lamont Diary 139.
The Councill grants libertie to William Hoome … to straik throw a door in the west syd of the callender hous; 1677 Edinb. B. Rec. X 312.
43. To strike to. Of a vessel: ? To come to a standstill, heave to.
And quhen ye feill that all the perrill is past And that the wind is rowine let her stryk to; Bann. MS 210b/21.
44. To strike together, to collide, come into collision.
The erde steryt sa felloun[l]y, That al the cyte in til hy Schuke & to-giddire strake; Leg. S. xlii 261.
45. To strike up. a. To forcibly open or break down (a door or gate). Also, of the wind: To blow open. b. To open up, undo (a container, etc.) in order to take out the contents; to take out (the contents) from a container. c. To open (a letter or document) by breaking the seal.
a. (1) With his fute the ȝett he straik wp rycht; Wall. iv 242.
Dowglace strak up the dur; Wall. ix 1647.
Wallace in haist straik wp the chawmir dur; Wall. xi 681.
[They] come to Schir Adam of Murray place of Duncreif at mydnicht, strak up his durris [etc.]; 1498 Acta Conc. II 291.
1543 Blackfriars Perth 229.
Craftis childer quha come to the yett … with ane jest and fore hammer to haif strukkin vp the samyn; 1588 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 520.
[He] … strak & dang up his chalmer doir to haue takin his lyf; 1610 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II 156.
(2) Than thare come ane thud of wind and nocht alanerlie straik wp the kirk [dur] bot als it dang it to the todir kirk wall; Abell 76a.
b. (1) Item rasauit … 2 sekis of woyll … I strak thaim up and maid 3 pokis of thaim; 1498 Halyb. 148.
Thai will strik vp thair girnellis and mak the samyn patent to all persouns of that pryce; 1541 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 109.
The said punsioun and gudis thairin to be eschete to the townis vs, and … the said thesaurer to caus strik vp the samyn on Monunday nixt tocum at the mercat croce, and thair [to be] rowpit; 1552 Edinb. B. Rec. II 168.
That all maner of personis resortand to this burgh with hors corne to be sald … sall nocht stryk vp nane of thair ladis afoir ix houris be strykyn; 1560 Edinb. B. Rec. III 84.
The said box wes strikin up becaus we wanted the key; 1568 Cal. Sc. P. II 731.
The saidis Alexander and Johine Credo had cawsit pers and strak vp ane punchone of Rochell wyne; 1583–4 Burntisland B. Ct. 18 Feb.
And or ewir ony body gat knawledge of hir deitht, thow hed strukin wp hir keist, and spulȝeit hir haill geir; 1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I 113.
The … pirates … strak and brak vp the kistes and vther lokfast lumes; 1610 Crim. Trials III 106.
[That] pacquettis, bollis, maillis tunnis etc. be nocht struckin up to the awnaris hurte quha maid the expensis; Bisset II 224/1.
(2) That na gudis be schorne nor strikin vp in na wise in to the maisteris defalt; 1467 Acts II 87/1.
That na maner of personis … that bringis ony meill to this merket … stryk vp the samyne quhill ix houris befor none; 1529 Edinb. B. Rec. II 8.
That na maner of woll … be strikin up other inwith buithis or outwith; 1552 Edinb. B. Rec. II 165.
Strictin; 1573–4 Reg. Privy S. VI 441/2.
Jadgeris of fische [to] … caus all the heiring and quhyte fische that sall cum within … Leyth … to be strukin vp, visitet and wraket; 1584 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 343.
c. Thaj held the said ambassatour, and struik vp the writtis send to the nobilitie; Diurn. Occurr. 230.
Stryik; 1595 Cal. Sc. P. XI 646.
They being informit that he vsuallie strykes vp the merchands lettere … [ordering] that he desist therfra; 1628 Conv. Burghs III 278.
d. intr. Of a leak in a vessel's side: To open up. Also in fig. context.
[Convict] for … being of the foir-knawledge of the lek that strak vp in the Quenis schip; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 211.
A great laike strooke up in thair shippe; 1628 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II 179.
Can there be any safe when a leak is strucken up into a ship, if it be not helped? Henderson Serm. 161.
A ship loaden with fine wares, who, when they were not far from land, a leek struck up in the ship; Renwick Serm. 502.
e. tr. To begin (an event).
That the wooll mercatt of this burgh sall not be struckin up nor begin before sevin houres in the morning; 1631 Edinb. B. Rec. VII 93.
f. tr. ? To search for, seek to find.
It is true many are striking up a new way to heaven, but my soul for theirs if they find it; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 520.
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Strik(e v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 17 Apr 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/strike_v>
Try an Advanced Search