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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).

Straucht, Straicht, Straight, adv. Also: strawcht, straught, stracht, straght, straycht, strecht, streght, streicht, streight, stright, strat, streat, strak, strek. [ME and e.m.E. straitt (Cursor M.), strik (Rolle), streyght, streke (both 14th c.), streyt (Chaucer), streght (c1400), straught (c1440), streight (1528), straight (1535), f. as Straucht adj.]

1. By a direct route, directly, without stopping or turning off to, toward, etc. a person or place.(a) 1375 Barb. xi 438.
Thai Held toward him the vay all straucht
1375 Barb. xvi 443 (C).
With weill thre hundreth enymys, All straucht till Lyntoun-le war gane
c1420 Wynt. vi 2203.
This Malcolme … past oure Forth, syne strawcht to Tay
c1475 Wall. vii 1229.
On changit hors throuch out the land thai rid, Strawcht to Dunbar
1513 Doug. xii v 31.
Ȝon Turnus, to the goddis abuf full straucht, … With fame eternal sal vpheit be
1535 Stewart 33545.
Fra Forth so South onto Northumberland, And fra Striuiling straucht on to the Eist se
(b) 1521 Douglas Corr. 82.
Gif it had nocht beyn … that I am sum pairt accrasyt … I suld haf cummyn strecht to ȝour grace
1542 Douglas Corr. 147.
We have devisit ambassiatouris to go strecht unto the Kingis majeste
1611-57 Mure Dido & Æneas i 130.
A gentle gale sweet Zephyrus bestowes, Which streight their cowrse to Italy doth guide
(c) 1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 78.
Quhidder then gais scho? Straicht into hir chalmer
1611-57 Mure Dido & Æneas ii 352.
Fame … Lurks first belowe, then straight to hevin ascends
(d) 1375 Barb. viii 4.
The king … held hys way strak [C. straucht, 1571 the straicht way to] till the planys

b. Const. furth, fordwart. c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 158.
Straucht furth the range I held a way
1513 Doug. v i 58.
Towart the port thai stevyn, The followand wynd blew strek thar saill furth evyn
1513 Doug. x x 97.
Lucagus … Bad dryf hys hors and char al fordwart strecht [Ruddim. streicht]

c. In a straight line, directly. Also to follow straucht eftir, to pursue without deviation. Also fig.(1) a1500 Sir Eger 886.
A river shal ye find at hand That runneth straight as any strand
1513 Doug. ix ix 81.
Lyke as the egill … straucht Within hys bowand clukis had vp clawcht A ȝong cygnet
1513 Doug. x xiv 13.
Hys weil kemmyt berd, hyngand ful straucht Apon his breist, onto hys gyrdill raucht
a1550 Tayis Bank 120.
Quhair Tay ran doun … Full strecht vnder Stobschaw
1583–4 Rec. Earld. Orkney 159.
Pasing … straught from thence to the hill till it coms to [etc.]
1601–2 (1602) Reg. Great S. 449/1.
Discending eist the said gait lineallie throche the lie, straucht throw the Brounfauld
1635 Lundie Poems 8.
Much lyk our Po, quhose course runs straicht and plain
c1641–54 J. Gordon in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 587.
Air river runneth for the most part stracht
1667 Old-lore Misc. IX iii 145.
A march stone from whence the line of the march goes streight a little be-north the North Dyke of Quoyen
(b) 1513 Doug. iii ii 123.
The followand wynd blew strek in our tail
(2) 1375 Barb. vi 587.
The hund folowyt alwayis the king And changyt for na departing Bot ay folowit the kingis trace But waweryng … And quhen Jhon off Lorn saw The hund sa hard eftre him draw And folow strak [C. straucht] efter thai twa He knew the king wes ane of tha
fig. 1551 Hamilton Cat. 28.
For as ane biggare can nocht make ane evin up wal without direction of his lyne … sa a man or a woman can nocht ordour or gyd his lyif evin and strecht to the plesour of God without direction of the commandis

d. In the phrase als straucht as ony lyne. Also comb. in straight lyn, in a straight line. = c above.(1) c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 151.
Als straught as ony lyne … To ground ageyne my spirit is descendit
15.. Clar. i 45.
Furth gois the speiris straicht as ony lyne
(2) comb. 1676 Edinb. B. Rec. X 281.
The said dyk shall run straight lyn from the flanker of the said east wall toward the Sand port

e. With reference to position: Directly (above); due (north, etc.). 1531 Bell. Boece (M) II 29.
It is said that ane schynand croce was sene in the lift straucht abone the army of Pichtis
1560 Edinb. B. Rec. III 66.
To … big wp … ane parpall wall … beginand [at] the southe kirk dur … and streicht northe to the northe kirk dur
16… Abercrummie in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 1.
A ridge of hills, which run streght westward

2. Immediately, without delay; straightaway.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xxxii 168.
He … bad hyme ga thare-with stracht Til hyre chawmir
a1400 Leg. S. xli 312.
He gert thonnir & fire-slacht Stirk done the payanis thar stracht
c1420 Wynt. iv 1548.
Gyve Hanyball in tyll all hy … Had past strawcht wytht his menyhe For tyll have tane wp the cyte
c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 126.
Straught vnto the presence … Off dame Minerue, … my gyde led me redily
1513 Doug. vi xiv 61.
His mavch Pompey sall strech agane him went
1573 Inv. Q. Mary xxii, xxiii (note 3).
It is not our maner in this contrey to shew crueltie upon the dead bodies … but to suffer them streight to be buried and put in the earth
1573 Sempill in Sat. P. xxxix 70.
Is not the cannones cum at ȝour comand Strecht to distroy the tratoures wald ouir gang vs?
1619 Garden Elphinstoun 1738.
To Williame … These works of worthe and weght, … War all committed straght
1611-57 Mure Psalmes cvii 25.
Hee speeks, and streght tempestuous stormes Of wynds his word obey
1684 Lauder Observes 126.
They … straight hoyses sail for England
(b) a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 199.
I may refresch yow with folk to feght gif you nedis … Baith with birny and brand to strenth you ful stright
(c) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii 288.
Thai … strat stekine set the ȝettis til

3. Erect, upright. Also const. up.(1) c1475 Wall. x 402.
Quhat Sotheroun he rycht hyt, Straucht apon hors agayn mycht neuir syt
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5465.
Jerome sayis, it [sc. the sea] sall ryse on heycht Abone montanis … Bot it sall nocht spred ouir the land, Bot lyke ane wall ewin straycht vpstand
1611-57 Mure Psalmes cxlv 14.
And all that ar bow'd doune, to strenth Restor'd, hee straght maks stand
a1649 Drummond II 264/38.
Len me the voice that Boreas hath thé giuen, Stracht reachet pin, vhen he his blows redoubles
1687 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XXVII 132.
You most nither raise your body straighter in bringing back the club nor incline it further in bringing down the club
(b) 1600-1610 Melvill 259.
I held his [sc. the horse's] head streat, wharat he repyning in the middes of his lope, cust down his head [etc.]
(c) 1513 Doug. ix vi 23.
The cartis stand with lymowris bendyt strek [L. arrectos]
(2) c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1035.
The serpent … ȝeid straucht vp vpone his feit

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"Straucht adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 Sep 2022 <>



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