A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Storm(e, n. Also: sterme, (storne). [ME and e.m.E. storm (c1175), OE storm, ON stormr.]
1. A storm; an instance or spell of stormy weather. Also in fig. context.
Quots. 1555 Glenartney Doc. and 1594 Acts IV 67/1, may refer to snowfall or a spell of hard weather with snow and frost. Cf. 2 b below.
(1) Thai war drownyt in the flud, And castine thru the stormis to land; Leg. S. iii 285.
As fraward stormys stude Mony drownyd in the flude; Wynt. iv 949.
Giff a schip … castis furth gudis throu stormis thai aw to tell the schipmene the cace how it standis; Ship Laws c. 8 (H2).
Rycht as the jakkis ar abone the hauberkis and ordanyt nerest bathe wynd and rayn and othir stormys sa suld a knycht for the peple susteyne all stormes and travailis for thame; Hay II 50/19.
Ithand wedderis of the eist draif on sa fast … His steid aganis the storme staluartlie straid; Rauf C. 32.
Saturne … Quhilk fadir is to all the stormis [Ch. & M., Asl. sternis] cald; Henr. Orph. 190 (Bann.).
Small fynance amang thy frendis thou beggit, To stanch the storm; Kennedy Flyt. 378.
To seik the floit boit of the Pansy at past away with ane storme quhen the Pansy hevit her mast; 1511 Treas. Acc. IV 317.
Doug. v i 38.
Dame Flora … Quhilk in to May wes dulce and delectabyll. With stalwart stormes hir sweitnes wes suprisit; Lynd. Dreme 80.
Bot lyke ane storme efter ane plesand morrow, Sone was our solace changit in to sorrow; Lynd. Depl. Magd. 90.
The gray goul mau pronosticat ane storme; Compl. 39/15.
The feyrd collateral vynd is callit Circius, quhilk … generis snau, tempest & vehement stormis; Compl. 62/9.
Thai will nocht abyde in oure said forest for loik of meit be ressoun of the said greit storme; 1555 Glenartney Doc.
Quhatsumeuir persone … that slayis ony of his hienes deir strayand in tyme of stormes to barne ȝardis; 1594 Acts IV 67/1.
That ewerie tennent … salbe requyrit … bring watter to the milne in stormes; 1621 Urie Baron Ct. 38.
As that nycht that the grit storme arraise commonlie callit the borrowing dayis; 1629 Justiciary Cases I 131.
Ane poore Zetland man whom God had wonderfully preservad into a storme at sea; 1661 S. Ronaldshay 36.
(2) Yow were nyghe the lande, and the storme was not yet risen; that is, ye were yonge scholers of Christ, when no persecution was seen or felt; 1554 Knox III 287.
For geif ye had beine in your ryt wyt ye being anis escapit the tempestuous stermes and naufrage of mariage had never enterit agane in the samyng dangeris; Buch. Wr. 57.
b. Stormy weather or conditions; turbulence. In various phrases and collocations.
(1) Quhen [the] gud fok had Apone the se mad lang a-bad Of hungyre & storme in-to dystres; Leg. S. xvi 213.
We ar … drevyn to land By fors of storm; Doug. i viii 83.
And all with storm trublyt the seys flude Bettand on the rolkis and rowtand as it war wod; Doug. iv Prol. 76.
Ane nicht sa troublit in the air With storme, fyreflauchts, hale, raine & mekill mair Of ill wedder; Rolland Seven S. 3408.
Gelie Duncan [etc.] … quha convenit thair for rasing of storme; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 236.
If the people be far fra the kirk we can hardly get a meitting and sometymes in winter and in tyme of storme no meitting at all; Rep. Parishes 68.
We had some storme for sixteene houres; 1641 Baillie I 356.
(2) To ane to ga on burd ij sindry tymes in storm on the Margret with wittalis and stuf, xvj s.; 1512–13 Treas. Acc. IV 466.
To ane boit to pas on burd in storm, viij s.; 1512–13 Treas. Acc. IV 469.
We sailit in storme but steir gyde or glas; Lichtoun Dreme 37.
(3) Of ane brokin schip of Skedame, quhilk, throw storme of sey, happin to brek; 1501 Aberd. B. Rec. I 428.
And comptis nouthir the wynd nor storme of sey; Doug. iii ii 18 (Ruddim.).
(4) How his navyn be storme of weddir was sa fruschit that grete parte thareof, wald … mak na stede; Boece 94.
Gif be storme or intemperance of weddir ony Scott war choactit to arrive in thai boundis; Boece 377b.
He was returnit be storme of wedder … and ran in the havin of Carrell; 1560 Admir. Ct. Bk. (St. S.) 169.
[The ship] wes be grite storme of weddir drevin upoun the coist of Zetland; 1594 Reg. Privy C. V 195.
The said Hermone Dutche merchand landit at Sandwik be storme of wodder; 1603 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 101.
1610 Crim. Trials III 111.
Ane Flemis schip quhilk be storme and stres of wedder was drevin in the said watteris; 1625 Justiciary Cases I 26.
If any merchand shall be necessitat, throw storme of weather [etc.]; 1631–49 Conv. Burghs IV 552.
2. a. A quantity of rain or snow resulting from a storm. b. (A spell of) snow and ice.
a. Thare ryvarys … mowys noucht wytht mycht na mayne, Off nakyn stormys at may fall; Wynt. i 965.
Thair fell ane greit storme at Sanctandroisday of snaw; Diurn. Occurr. 23.
A great storm of snow had fallen; 1681 Fountainhall Chron. Notes Sc. Aff. (1822) 8.
b. The tratouris … fleand … fell in the depe and war ilkane drownit. Eftirwart quhen the storme loussit at spring of the ȝere [L. aquis hyemali gelu concretis tepore verno solutis] be clekis thai war drawin to land; Boece 452.
3. fig. a. A violent or furious outburst (of emotion or wrath). b. transf. A person characterised by such outbursts. c. Trouble, difficult circumstances. Freq. pl. d. A violent military assault (on (of) a place).
a. Our crevist cabillis all at a cast will crak Quhen lykis he his stormes for to steire; Contempl. Sinn. 222 (Asl.).
Be sindry tempestuous stormis of thochtis and cuiris ar thai schaiking; Winȝet II 53/30.
Lat thy tempest thair wraithfulnes reuenge, And lat thy storme thair pryde in purteth change; G. Ball. 106.
b. Quhat kynd of woman is thy wyfe? Ane quick devill Sir, ane storme of stryfe; Lynd. Sat. 2135.
c. Hay II 50/20 (see 1 (1) above).
Na fortoun may aganis me nocht availl Thocht scho with cluddy stormis me assaill; Bell. in Bann. MS 6b/191.
Quha dois in ȝowth in bring In age he sall grit stormes do ourset; Bann. MS I p. 40/67.
He … in sic stormes as may gar strangaris steipe Sustenis ȝoure selff and giffis ȝowe mony dayis; Maitl. F. 424/183.
Schaw thy self … Indewit with wertew wit and worthines … Or in this storme [pr. storne] thy stait will newir stand; Maitl. F. 434/16.
That will not be good companie in a storm that ye are likelie to meet with err & it be long in thir lands; Peden Lords Trumpet (1782) 22.
The ministers and professors in Scotland that are yet to go throw the storm … shall get a stormie sea; Peden Lords Trumpet (1739) 23.
Whenever the storm began to blow upon our Lord's face, all quat his back for the most part; Peden Lords Trumpet (1739) 26.
d. The storme and intakine of our forsaid bruch by the Inglisis; 1660 Dundee B. Laws 445.
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"Storm(e n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Aug 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/storme_n>
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