A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Spuilȝe, Spolȝe, Spoil(l, v. Also: spulȝ(i)e, -yie, -eȝe, -(e)ye, spuliȝe, spwlȝe, spullȝ(i)e, spuilȝie, -y(i)e, spuillȝie, spwilȝe, spolȝie, spoilȝ(i)e, -y(i)e, spoillȝ(i)e, spoylȝ(i)e, spoiel, spoulȝ(i)e, -ye, spowlȝe, spuil(e, spul(i)e, spoylie, spoyl(e. P.t. also spoliȝet, spoliat. P.p. also spulȝeat, spoliat(e, spalt. [ME and e.m.E. spoil(en, spoili(en, spoyle(n (all 14th c.), spule(n (Chaucer), spuyl(en (both Wyclif), spole (Lydgate), spolyon (Prompt. Parv.), OF espoillier, L. spoliāre, f. spolium.]
1. tr. To plunder (the dead or vanquished) after a battle, raid, etc.; to rob, steal from (a person or persons) by means of force. Also absol. and fig. Also, once, with a bird as the object.
(1) Thai nakit spulȝeit war That war slayne in the battale thar; Barb. xiii 459.
Til … Arthure Olyfant that wes spwlȝet be the Master of Hwntle … xx li.; 1490 Treas. Acc. I 173.
Alexander … sperit at him quhy he reft and spulȝeit the peple and merchandis that passit the sey; Irland Mir. III 132/15.
He was baith strikin and spulȝeit and all his gudis reft fra him; Asl. MS I 209/4.
Italianys hurlys on hym … Spulȝeit hys corps, hys membris ȝit all hoyt; Doug. xii v 192.
Quhen he wes spuleȝeand the said Mamilius of his riche armoure, he was hurte with ane lance be ane of his inemyis; Bell. Livy I 162/28.
Spuleȝeand; Bell. Livy II 203/8.
Johnne Elphinstoune had assedatioune of Alexander Lord Elphynstoune of the keeping of his castell … and office of bailliery of his landis … and wes violentlie and wranguslie eiectit spulyeit and put tharfra be the said Vmfra Rollok; 1538–9 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 232.
To ane of the cartterris that was spulȝeit be the thevis; 1545 Treas. Acc. VIII 416.
How horriblie ȝe spulȝeit vnder nycht In his awin hous … Ane nobill lord … Ȝe left him nocht ane malȝe nor deneir; 1570 Sat. P. xiii 121.
1602–3 Ayr B. Acc. 216.
Spulie; 1679 Wodrow Hist. III (1829) 41.
(b) Thou slane hes oft, thy self, of my counsingis … We sall spuilȝe ȝow dispittously; Rauf C. 901.
It salbe leiffull to the partie quhilk is spuilȝied, to summonde the spuilȝiers vpon fifteene daies before the Lordes; 1503 Acts (1597) i 92.
1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 168.
To Jon Steward barber that was spuilyed be pirates thre pundis; 1616 Edinb. Surgeons 65.
(c) He againe fra deide vp rais … Syne spolȝeit [A. spoylȝeit] Sathan, hell and sin, And heuinlie gloir to vs hes win; G. Ball. 59.
(d) Quhen the party spoilȝeit complenȝeis befor the lordis of the Sessione; 1457–8 Acta Conc. II xv.
Now me to spoilȝie sum men not spairis, To tak my geir na Capitane cairis; Maitl. Q. 54/6.
1587–8 Aberd. Council Lett. I 22.
(e) [She] desyrit him … to convoy hir, becaus capitane Lambie wes ane attending hir, and wald spoulȝie hir; Diurn. Occurr. 326.
(f) They were so rakit, spuilit, and put frae house holding and was made desperat; 1666 Jurid. Rev. XXIV 17.
(g) Thair is ane kynd of thair thevis evin odious to mair gentill thevis quhilk spoylis trauellaris cadgearis and chepmen be the way; Buch. Wr. 34.
A prince suld mak litill count (provyding that … he spoyle not nor pyllie his subiects); Fowler II 114/25.
Quhair hatered and inuie war, ilk spoylet vther schamfullie with baith natiouns; Dalr. II 69/25.
Pirattis … spoiling and riving all persons be sie; 1610 Conv. Burghs II 305.
One of his servants having … a silver lavacre on his back, was spoiled the night following; Calderwood VIII 225.
Giuen to Alexr Thomson a poor man who was utterly spoiled by the armies … 6 s.; 1691 Cullen Kirk S. 15 Feb.
(h) Giffin to ane poore merchand recentlie spolit be the catherens at Fetterkarne … 10 s.; 1639 Sc. N. & Q. XII 59.
absol. Fra quham … this rycht hand … Tha sawlys all bereft, and … Of alsmony enarmouris spulȝeit clene; Doug. viii ix 57.
fig. Sa greit is ȝour monstrous audacitie, that ȝe dar spuilȝe Me quhilk am ȝour Lord Eternall and only trew God; Ferg. Serm. iii Malachi Sig. B iv.
Particular weill hes spulȝeit policie; 1572 Sat. P. xxxiii 82.
(2) Gif thay sie, as oft chances, men take this fishe fra thair birdes, thay tyre nocht, with speid to flie to the fowlling agane; and agane and agane, how oft thay ar spoyled, ay quhill the sone gang to; Dalr. I 25/31.
2. To plunder or despoil (a place) (of something). Also fig.
(1) pres. The tempiles of the toune spolȝeand Full cruelly thrught strenth of hande; Troy-bk. ii 761.
The hous thai spoilȝe fast. All thing that doucht out off that place thai cast; Wall. v 1133.
Spulȝe; Wall. ix 1136.
This is the haly faith of Jhesu … that his haly saule discendit to hell to spolȝe it coniunyt with the divinite; Irland Mir. II 38/17.
Spoilye; Nisbet Matth. xii 29.
They begane to spoillȝie the toune and slew all the citinaris; Pitsc. I 70/14.
The cuntrie about tha spoylȝie; with a fatt pray, and mony captiues, tha returne to Scotland; Dalr. II 96/24.
Tha brek the bordouris, spoylȝeis and herries the Merce; Dalr. II 195/23.
Spulyie; Melvill 119.
The lown … haid newlings takin a crear of our awin town, and was spuleing hir; Melvill 258.
Giff ony persone … beis challensit spoilȝeand ȝairdis athir be cutting of wandis [etc.] … ilk persone … to pey … ten libis; 1607 Inverurie B. Ct. 25 Aug.
p.t. Spuleȝete; Hay Alex. 4239.
Spoilȝeid; Wall. iii 211.
Thai … Spoilȝeide that steid, and tuk thaim ganand ger; Wall. iv 265.
The temporall land thai spoulȝeit at thair will, Gud gardens gay, and orchartis gret thai spill; Wall. viii 739.
[They] spulȝeit all the tovne and brint it; Asl. MS I 241/21.
He waistit and spuleȝeit all the landis of Veanis, mare to revenge the haitrent of his mynde than ony desire of pray; Bell. Livy I 40/18.
Lauchlane McClane [etc.] … heryit, spulyeit and brint the cuntrye of Lenox; Leslie 14.
He spoilȝied Kinghorne, Kirkaldie, and so muche of Dyserte as he mycht; Knox II 12.
The suddartis … spoulȝeit the houssis and pure folk that wes carijt fra hous to hous; Diurn. Occurr. 326.
Spoylȝet; Dalr. II 10/14.
Spuilziet; Hist. Jas. VI (1804) 149.
He wasted and spulied the whole country, carrying away a vast spreath of their strongest cattle; Fraser Polichron. 85.
(b) Spollȝeit; Pitsc. II 159/31.
p.p. Quhen the feld wes spulȝeit bar Thai went all hame; Barb. xvi 674.
Spulȝeid; Wall. ix 1357.
Thair is sindrie Scottismen and thair schippis … stayit, haldin, spowlȝeit and pilleit [ed. pillest] in Ingland be Inglismen; 1557 Aberd. B. Rec. I 305.
(b) [They] violentlie and perforce … buirdit ane bark … off plane plat and intentioune to have robit, spolȝiet, and reft hir; 1610 Crim. Trials III 106.
For repairing the wells all spolyit and brokin with the sojors 18 s.; 1650–1 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII 428.
(c) Spoillied; 1640 Lennoxlove MS (The Duke of Hamilton) C1/1143.
(d) The rebels hes spoylled mightelie the land that the poore tennents is allmost vndone; 1615 Highland P. III 296.
Spoyld; Mure Early Misc. P. xv 11.
Sanct Feacre, quhais kirk … his maiestie be his warris had laitlie spoilled & demolisched; Bisset II 373/7.
(2) Part spulȝeis altaris of thar flambys schire; Doug. v xi 118.
All the laif … spulȝeit the toun of gold, riches and fie; Stewart 47851.
[The Frenchmen] spullȝet it [sc. the castle] … of all thingis that was thairin, … gold, silluer, … meat and drink [etc.]; Pitsc. II 90/30.
Androw Hamptoun … violentlie spolȝeit Williame Scottis hous … of daillis … and vther fyn tymber, salt, tabacco, and the like commoditeis; Spalding I 340.
Thay … spolȝeit the haill ground of horss, nolt, scheip, and vther goodis; Spalding II 458.
(b) Suetonius is compelled to spoyle Brittannie bair of all externe man of weir; Dalr. I 158/20.
The haill cuntrey being … spoylled of all the tymmer within the same; 1608 Melrose P. I 61.
b. ? To take the crops off (ground).
This inquest findis that eftir that Thome Jhonsone had tane sesing of the ground, the ground aucht nocht to be spolyeit without his leif bot geiff thair be condiciones that we kene nocht betuix the parteis; 1514 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 28.
c. transf. To despoil (ground) of vegetation (by flooding). Cf. 9 below.
The feildis grene and fluryst meidis Wer spulȝeit of thare plesand weidis. The erth … Wes be that furious flude deformit; Lynd. Mon. 1524.
3. To take (goods) as spoil or plunder; to steal or take wrongfully; once, const. of the goods stolen. Also fig. or in fig. context. Also const. fra a person or place, oute of, furthe of, of a place, also be a person.
(1) Some wounded, some slew, & some kan ta, And spulled [D. spelȝeid] thar goodes alsua; Troy-bk. ii 1544 (C).
[Action against William Blaer, etc. for destroying] ane bern beand biggit … and has spulȝeit and takin away the tymbir and stuff of the sammyn; 1498–9 Acta Conc. II 300.
Inglis tykis … spulȝeit … the haly stane of Scone, The croce of Halyrudhous, and uthir jowellis; Kennedy Flyt. 277.
Grekis dyd spulȝe and distroy The gret ryches and lamentabill realm of Troy; Doug. i xii 7.
The saidis ȝowis and wedderis wer spulȝet; 1528 Ex. Processes (Reg. H.) Scott v. Seytoun.
To Mungo Stratherne … to mak ane new armes, his awyn being spulȝeit in my lorde governoures service; 1547–8 Treas. Acc. IX 150.
Gif ony man … violentlie and masterfullie spuilȝies and takis away the miln-rynd [etc.] … he … sould refound … to the awner … the damnage, skaith and interest sustenit be him; Balfour Pract. 496.
Spuillȝie; Pitsc. I 127/24.
Sum hes thair place brint … Thair guddis spuilȝit halallie; Maitl. Q. 78/42.
1582 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 255.
Quha confessit the intromissioune with the broune horse lybellit, and that he tuik him away ordourlie and nocht spulyed, bot be his maisters lawis; 1594 Misc. Spald. C. II 128.
Vpon gude faith … thay restore trulie, al that laitlie thay haue spoylȝet; Dalr. I 167/8.
Men … invaded the Scottis-men … burnt their houses, spuilȝied their gudes, and herried them there-throw; 1551–2 Acts (1597) i 137b.
[They] spuilyeit and awaytuke aucht stane of cheis; 1599 Reg. Privy C. VI 16.
Resolving to go to Durris and spolȝie what wes left; Spalding I 189.
— Thocht thay haue spuilȝit blyith of gud and geir Ȝit haue thay left lyand still the land Quhilk to transport wes not in thair power; Maitl. Q. 40/9.
(b) Thair lockit book … being reft spoiled and all lost; 1651 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XX 92.
fig. Of our saull fylis the fair figur Syne spulȝeand grace our hertis can endure We chewe na perrell na seikis na remeid; Contempl. Sinn. 477 (Asl.).
Thai spoulȝeit the Eucharist oute of the cais of siluer quhare it hang, and kest it in ane treyn kyst; comparit iustlye to barnis of Lucifer, quhilkis intendit to spoulȝe God oute of his awin hous; Bell. Boece (M) II 284.
Christis scheip thay spolȝe petuouslye, And with the woll thay cleith thame curiouslye. Lyk gormand wolfis thay tak of thame thare fude; Lynd. Mon. 4802.
She inflammis and freizis both at anis. To spulȝie hairt, that minion makes hir sp[ort]; Montg. Sonn. lx 14.
(2) p.t. That Androu … restore … to Robert … and his tennandis … the gudis that he spulȝeit & tuke fra thaim; 1466 Acta Aud. 4/1.
[He] with wappinnis wondit the sade Wilyeam and spulyeit fra him harnes, claithis [etc.]; 1497–8 Acta Conc. II 103.
Spulȝet; 1506 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I 55.
[They] spulyeit certane sparris fra thame; 1517 Edinb. B. Rec. I 169.
The said … lord spolieit and tuike furth of ane coffir or schryne … ane dosane siluer trunschewris; 1559–60 11th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. vi 223.
Spoliat; 1582–3 Perth B. Ct. 15 Feb.
[They] reft, spuilyeit and violentlie tuike frome thame out of thair bark … thir guidis and geir following; 1583 Glasgow B. Rec. I 103.
[Thomas Thomsoun] entirit within the said Robertis hous … and spoilȝeit and tuke fra him furth of the samin ane brasin pott off thre pyntis; 1589–90 Crail B. Ct. 27 Jan.
Thay … spolȝeit a number of cattell and scheip fra the ground of Frendracht; Spalding I 48.
[They] spoliȝet and away took furth of each on of their houses their fyre vessell; 1660 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 311.
p.p. Thre oxin … takin & spulȝeit furthe of the said Symonis pluche be the said Robert; 1478–9 Acta Aud. 80/2.
Quhilkis gudis war takin and spuleȝeit and withhaldin be the said persons out of the said landis of Lethindy; 1482–3 Acta Aud. in Acta Conc. II cvi.
Spuilyeit; 1492–3 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 110.
Spulȝeat; 1497 Acta Conc. II 83.
Fifty ky quhilkis war spulyeit be Cuthbert, Lord of Kilmawris out of Resdalemure fra the sade Matho; 1500 Acta Conc. II 434.
Spoliacioun of xviiixx bollis of aits with the foddir spulȝeit of the hill of Bathelnuy; 1503 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I 47.
Quhilkis ȝowis … wer spulȝet fra the said William … be the said Andro; 1528 Ex. Processes (Reg. H.) Scott v. Seytoun.
David Bosuell had spulȝeit fray Robert Orrok ane letter of tak of the landis of Cullellow; 1531–2 Dunferm. Reg. Ct. 50.
James Berclay … violentlie brak down ane grit part of the said Patrikis cruif wall … & spuilȝeit tuik & withheld fra him the stanis tharof and als has spwilȝeit & drawin the … wattir … fra his saidis cruiffis cruifwall … and tharthrow spwilȝeit hym of his possessioun of the said cruif wall; 1542 Fraser P. 180.
Spoulȝeit; 1562 Prot. Bk. Gilbert Grote 52.
The said George … allageand the said hors was spoilȝeit & tane fra hym; 1591 Prot. Bk. J. Inglis 24 June.
Spwlȝeit; 1602 Colquhoun Chart. 202.
Certaine wairs guids and geir reft spulleit and tane fra me my pertenaris and complices out of our bark; 1605 Bk. Dunvegan I 214.
4. To strip (a person) (of his or her clothes or armour), take the clothes off, divest. Also reflex. and intr. Cf. 1 above with which there may be some overlap.
tr. The Erle of Athole … was … spulyeit of all his claithis saif onely ane linnin curche to hid his privat memberis; Bell. Boece II 511.
Heir sall thay spulȝe Flattry of the kings habeit; Lynd. Sat. 3643.
Al ȝour armye sal be spulȝit of ȝour armour and of ȝour clais, except ilk ane sal hef ane singil coit on ȝou, & ther eftir ve sal put ȝour cragis in ane ȝoik to be ane perpetual takyn that ȝe ar vencust be vs; Compl. 101/29.
Yow mot spolȝe him, mank him & rywe him; Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. 9a.
Alshener Andersone not onlie violentlie … dang … the hirds that wer keping the said bestiall bot also spoilȝeit thame of thair clothes; 1626 Aberd. Council Lett. I 246.
She … robbed and spulȝied her of her body cloathes and took from her what money or others she then had; 1699 Argyll Justic. Rec. 175.
(b) He spoylit thaim in hy, That he mycht nakit se thare flesch; Leg. S. xlvi 216.
Son ves Tecla fra Tryphe had, & spoylit of hir clathis but bad; Leg. S. xlix 204.
intr. The child bad tak this damysele And spulȝe now that all may se Quhidder scho man or woman be; Seven S. 2769.
Thai haue spulȝeit to the heid all bair, Syne till ane pillar thai full fast Him band; Kennedy Pass. Christ 575.
For quhy we that ar in this tabernacile, sorowis within, and ar hevyit, for that we will nocht be spoilyeit, bot be clethit abone; Nisbet 2 Cor. v 4.
On that voce he followit fast, Till he did see hir, at the last, Spuilȝeit, nakit as scho was borne; Lynd. Meldrum 109.
reflex. Quhen the litil lezard worthis auld scho puttis hir throw a strait hole of a wall aganis the somer and spulȝeis hir nakit of al hir skynnys and al hir eld passis away; Loutfut MS 30a.
b. To strip (a person) of his or her office, to unfrock.
Lusty Hebe, … Stude spulȝeit of hir office and array; Doug. vii Prol. 34.
Findand them to be … vnworthie of onie functioun ecclesiasticall, decernit them to be degradit of thair digniteis and spulȝeit of thair officis; Lyndesay Pref. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 182 n.
5. To deprive (a person) of (in) possessions, lands, etc. by forceful, violent or illegal means; also, once, to deprive a bird of its nest.
(1) Thare Johne the Ballioll with slycht and fors He tuke, and … This Johne the Ballioll spulȝeit he Off all his robis of ryalte; Wynt. viii 1913 (W).
Oure soueren lorde … has chargit yhou … to ger restore agayne to oure cousin … al his gudis that he was spolyheit of; 1443 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 43.
Maister David allegiit that thai wer spoulȝet of the said tak; 1493 Acta Aud. 173/1.
[They] cruelly dang and strak him and spulȝeit him of x s. of his gere and x s. of money furth of his purse; 1497–8 Acta Conc. II 152.
Spulye; 1518 Peebles Chart. 47.
James Sinclar tak and put your said messenger in prisoun and spulȝeit him of his wapponis; 1529 Rec. Earld. Orkney 58.
Ony of the realmes mycht herie spulȝe and birne ony inhabitantis of the samyne with out makyne of ony redrese; 1531 St. P. Henry VIII IV 594.
Jesus Christ … as ane stark king spulȝeit the dewil of his kingdome; Gau 48/23.
Ȝoung wedowis spulȝeit of thare spousis; Lynd. Mon. 1917.
With gild of pepile sa thay brocht thame doun, As birdis but plumis, spuliȝeit of the nest; 1573 Sempill in Sat. P. xxxix 218.
This law of granderie is ane meins … to spulȝie honist men of thair substance; 1576 Orkney Oppress. 52.
Spoilȝie; Maitl. Q. 44/37.
Fra sum is taine bayth hous and land … Quhome doing wrang thay neuer fand … Ȝit ar thay spoilȝit of thair rent; Maitl. Q. 78/38.
Quhy spoilye ye Christ Jesus of his inheritance quhilk was promised to him be his eternall father; 1580 Cath. Tr. 40/29.
Concerning thair rentis and possessionis that thay be not defraudit, revit, nor spoilȝet thairof; 1581 Bk. Univ. Kirk II 503.
Spwilȝeitt; 1589 Maxwell Mem. II 165.
He qvha is spolȝeid of his possession, sould be first restored; Skene Reg. Maj. ii 54b.
The grit losses … quhairby thair tennentis hes beine spoilleit of thair guids and thair landis; 1649 Glasgow B. Rec. II 166.
Thay … began to rob and spoilyie the erllis tennentis … of thair haill goodis geir insicht plenishing [etc.]; Spalding I 4.
Dr. Scrogie after he is put frae his kirk and house, and spulȝied of his goods, gives now in ane supplicatione; J. Gordon Hist. III 228.
— The said Johne Dempstar has spulȝeit the said reuerend fader & his said landis of iijxx xvij nolt quhilk wes profit takin away be him; 1467 Acta Aud. 7/1.
(b) At the last he, spoylit [D. spoled] all Of hys goodes, … Inne-to depnes of povertee Byhuffyt hym dyrenyt to be; Troy-bk. ii 23 (C).
Tha merchandis spoleit of that schip & al thaire gudis sett thaim in ane yle callit Maij; 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 58.
Of all my gear they spoiled me: Both of mine habrek, and mine actoun; Sir Eger 320 (L).
He wes the cheif man that spoillit Johnne Mowbray of ten crownis of the Sone; Knox II 158.
He spoild me of my geare; Montg. Ch. & Slae 220 (Wr.).
(2) Thai war nocht hurt in thair personis, molestit, trublit, nor ȝete spulȝeit in ony of thair gudis; 1544 Aberd. B. Rec. I 205.
b. Of a ship: To be deprived of its pilot.
Gyas schyp … gave hym place allswa, For scho was spulȝeyt of hir sterisman; Doug. v iv 119.
c. To deprive (a person) of his life, to kill. Chiefly with double object.
Durstus … was … spulyeit baith of his liffe and crown; Bell. Boece I 57.
Romulus … spuleȝit him baith of his riche armoure and life attanis; Bell. Livy I 31/9.
He being iudge and partie spoillȝeit them saiklislie of thair lyues; Pitsc. I 65/10.
He was … ane plaine enemie to good men thinkand it was ane great plesour to spullȝie thame of thair lywes and weill wone goodis, to herie thame of thair geir and nocht onlie spullȝeit he thame of thair places … bot also [etc.]; Pitsc. I 66/13, 17.
6. To deprive (a person or group) materially in a non-violent way; to detract from the way of life of a group.
For other forsuth giftis than thir … ar forbiddin betwen ilk man & his wif because that throu the gret affectone of luf betwene thaim thai be bath spulȝeit quharthrou thair lauchfull ayris may be lachfully disheryst; Reg. Maj.c. 48.
Officiallis, with thare procuratouris, Quhose langsum law spolȝeis the puris; Lynd. Mon. 4294.
The same seuin maisters … hes maid ȝow blind, To that effect that na fault ȝe suld find … Bot all sic things suld ly into thair hand. And ȝour subiectis to spuilȝe euerie day, All that was grene, to ȝow it suld seme gray; Rolland Seven S. 3890.
No man is countit worth a peir Bot he that hes gud hors and geir … The peur for this is spulȝeit neir; Bann. MS 65b/19.
Duncan Mcgilmichall wes spuilȝeit for Mccoulls detis … iiij kye; 1609 Argyll Rentalls 9 Oct.
b. To deprive (a person or persons) of (a quality, virtue, belief, benefit, etc.). Also fig. Also, once, in passive = to be held back fra happiness throch (due to) tribulation.
(1) This carll … of gentrice spoliate [Ch. spoliat, Bann. poliate]; Henr. Fab. 1895.
I spittit quhen I saw That super spendit evill spreit spulȝeit of all vertu; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 397.
Now at the dur deth reddy bydis me, Quhar now of happy pompis funeral I spulȝeit am; Doug. vii ix 124.
Qvhy spulȝe and denude ȝe ws of this part of our Catholik beleif; Winȝet I 72/13.
Wil ȝe that quhou oft a man sinnis, sa oft he be denudit and spulȝeit of all fayth; Winȝet I 76/3.
The briggandis pretendit haistallie To spulȝe thame of thair virginitie; Wedderburn Bann. MS 240a/47.
Quhy spulȝie ȝe the Christianis of this maist strenthie argument aganis the Jeuis; Burne Disput. 45b.
The Lord hes his wark in it, to spuilȝie thee for thy ingratitude and evill dispositioun of thy hart of the libertie of his glorious Gospell; Rollock Wks. I 366.
Thay rebelliouslie withhald fra his Majestie ane grite parte of the propir rent and patrimonie of the crowne, spuilyeis the cuntrey of the benefeit quhilk micht redound thairto; 1599 Reg. Privy C. VI 8.
(b) This is ane small revard … to supplant me and with ane abusioun of ane innocent to spoill me … of … my honour; 1562 Reg. Morton I 9.
That na man … suld complayne that he was spoyled of his liberty in electioun; Knox II 152.
Ennirnesse, quhair afor tymes was a gret tak and a schule of herring of quhilke benifit a lang tyme now haue we bene spoylet; Dalr. I 46/8.
It hes pleisit God … to spoyle him [sc. Lord Blantyre] of so good a sone; 1609 Reg. Privy C. VIII 607.
fig. The thevis & innemeis of hell tempand Adam and induceand him to syn spolȝeit him and our natur of all gracis and giftis supernaturall; Irland Mir. II 7/29.
Sathan hath not onelie spoyled you of Christ him self … but also [etc.]; 1563 Ferg. Tracts 30.
Ȝe spulȝie the halie ghaist of his principal operation; Burne Disput. 30.
This vain glorying is ane kind of blasphemie, for that quhilk thou takis to thyself in thy vaine glorying thou spuilȝies God of it; Rollock Wks. I 345.
(2) Thou art spulȝet fra al felicite throcht grit affliction of langorius tribulatione; Compl. 122/20.
c. transf. To deprive (a text) of its quality.
Thay defame thame as thocht thay spulliet the scriptures of thair qualities, making tham subiect to the judgments of men; Hamilton Facile Tr. 131.
7. intr. To commit spoliation, to loot, plunder.
Ilka nycht thai spoilȝeid besyle; Wall. iv 500.
Thair chiftanis spulȝeit reft & slew our all Yngland; Asl. MS I 211/15.
Our soverane lordis … liegis … ar … mutilate brynt heriit spulyeit and reft oppinlie … be commoun traitouris … duelland within the sowth partis of this reaulme; 1525 St. A. Formulare I 268.
The hielandmen of Scottland … ran to spullȝe and break order; Pitsc. II 99/5.
The lordis … will not spair to spuilȝie Or ellis thay will tuilȝie Gif ony thame gainesay; Maitl. Q. 65/38.
The vther parte of his armie he sent to rin the forray intil Ingland, and to spoylie; Dalr. II 288/26.
8. tr. To take a cut of meat from (a carcase) before it is sold on the public market.
(a) That all personis that slais flesche to be sauld bring the samyn to the publict mercat with the talloun hyd and skyn thairof and that the samyn be nocht spoulȝeit vnder the pain of eschetyng thairof; 1570 Elgin Rec. I 124.
That na beiff nor muttoun be cuttit, caruit nor spouleit except ane cut athort the shoulders; 1601 Paisley B. Rec. 242.
Neither sall it be lesum to any flesher … to cutt and carve thair beiff and muttone on the shulderis … nor yit to spuilȝie the caircages of beiff or muttone in the craig, spar rib, or any wther pairt … under the payne of … confiscatioun of the beiff and muttoun so spuilȝiet or carved; 1631 Aberd. B. Rec. III 37.
(b) That no flesh be spoiled nor slotted in the craig nor no other part; 1714 Stirling B. Rec. II 135.
9. To spoil, damage or render useless; to pollute or soil. = Spil(l v. 4.
Scho [sc. Medea] couth … ger the woddis grene That spoilyt had in wynter bene Throw wicked blastes and fellone schoures; Troy-bk. i 440.
I have sene ane lettir … nocht spalt nor vitiat in it self, the tennor therof [etc.]; 1504 Rec. Earld. Orkney 78.
A greate pairt of the playfeild belongeing to the toune … is spoilled, brockin, and cariet away be speat and inundation of watter; 1559 Mill Mediæv. Plays 350.
That most impetuous storm of wind had spoiled and tyrred manie pieces both of stiple, kirk, and queire; 1633 Culross I 185.
Till try the estate of the books therein, that none of them be spoiled, mouled, or riven; 1636 Old Dundee I 399.
Small flyes spoyle oyntments; 1639 Fugitive Poetry II xvi 4/10.
That all spollit or lost drogues be cast out, and that sophisticat drogues be brunt; 1657 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 168.
Our malt was all spoiled with mytes; 1659 A. Hay Diary 145.
Robert Scot … had climbed ane pyet nest in his yaird and spoyled his trees; 1663 Melrose Reg. Rec. II 61.
2 p[ieces] which were spoyled with the justing; 1673 Mint Melting Journals 11.
Ane horse pertaining to him … was given to ane of the officers … to persew after some deserters, wherby the horse being spoiled, he thereafter died; 1694 Glasgow Burgesses 234.
A sade colloured cloath … spoiel'd by the moeths; 1702 New Mills Manuf. 323.
b. intr. To go off, spoil, become unfit for use.
To pak ȝour butter it will be nothing worthe but spoill; 1655 Hibbert P. No. 17.
c. tr. To hinder, impede (a person) in an activity.
The session considereing how much the publick schoole at the church is prejudged by privat schooles and thairby not onlie the schoolmaster discouraged, but young children spoilled in thair learning; 1676 Cramond Kirk S. II 5 Nov.
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Spuilȝe v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 May 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/spuil3e_v>
Try an Advanced Search