A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

Spilt, Spylt, ppl. adj. Also: spelt, speilt, spilled. [ME and e.m.E. spilte (c1400), spyllt (1483), spild (1574), spilt (1636); Spil(l v.]

1. Of blood: Shed (through violent action), also, allusively, referring to (a person's) death. Thai wald be ane ewrous batell … revenge the innocent spylt blude of thare forebearis; Boece 71b.
He … Fand the barne haill, and als mekill spilt blude; Rolland Seven S. 1930.

2. Of a thing: Damaged; spoiled; rendered unfit for its intended purpose. To Jhonne Rob baxter in Dunde for spilt breid of aittis send to the campe at my lorde of Sanctandros commande v s. iiij d.; 1549–50 Treas. Acc. IX 375.
Twa polkis of spilt wald; 1570 Edinb. Test. II 134b.
Of contributioun for spilt gear; Welwod 41.
14 s. of certain speilt mader; 1590–1 Exch. R. XXII 171.
Rancida caro, spilt flesh; Duncan App. Etym.
Vappa, spilt wine; Duncan App. Etym.
1605 Glasgow Chart. I dcxvii.
Weit or spilt gear or any guids that ar amissing in the schipis default; 1616 Aberd. Council Lett. I 136.
To Ralffs man for the fyneing and corneing up againe of xviii pund of spilt powder; 1622 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 146.
That the said deacone and twa of the brethereine of the said craft sould intromett withe all spilt cloathe … and swa oft as the samyn sould happin to be tryit spilt … in default of the walker … they to exact … sick penalties [etc.]; 1631 Lanark B. Rec. 127.
Phillop Scottes, 7 gallones and 2 pyntes soure, spilt, dead and dewed beir, is unpayit; 1651–2 Peebles B. Rec. II 193.
In his seller … 4 gallanes of spelt wynes worth iiij lb; 1697 Edinb. Test. LXXX 228.

b. Of something non-material: Damaged, spoiled, ruined. [Fortresses have never preserved this realm from invasion, … an enemy finding no place to plant himself, but only burning a small part of the country, and then retiring—] and that better it is to have a spylt countrye than a tynt countree; 1560 Cal. Sc. P. I 432.
Our spilled works, losses, deadness, coldness, wretchedness, are the ground upon which the Good Husbandman laboureth; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 219.
Many spilled salvations, and many ill-ravelled hesps hath Christ mended; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 386.
The vessel is almost marred, the furnace and rod of God spilled; 1646 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 630.

3. a. Of a woman: Not a virgin. Thomas Arnot … allegis the sayd Cristen wes deflorit and lost hyr virginite befoyr he knew hyr carnalye … Cristen desyris Thomas to be decernit to tak hyr to his wyf becaus he hes grantit that he had carnall deyll wyth hyr, and can nocht prev sche wes ane spilt woman befoir he meld wyth hyr; 1566 St. A. Kirk S. 279.

b. Of a child: Indulged, spoiled. The sick bairn is ofttime the spilled bairn; he shall command all the house; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 241.

c. Of a person: No longer fit (morally or in character) for a particular sort of life. As for David Jamie, there is a good scholar lost, and a minister spilt; I have no hope of him; 1689 Hay Fleming Six Saints II 22.

4. Of a liquid: Spilt, that has been allowed to run out or flow over. The 1594 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) quot. may be a further example of 2 above. He is rebet for spelt wyne x Ss.; 1594–5 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 6a.
There wes not ane conveenient conveyance made for carieing away spilt water wherby the streits are exceidinglie dirtie; 1675 Edinb. B. Rec. X 254.
Robert Young … [craves] libertie to convoy the spilt water that falls from the cisterne … by a lead pyp to be laid be him upon his own charges from that cisterne to his brewhous; 1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X 346.

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Spilt ppl. adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jun 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/spilt>



Try an Advanced Search

Browse DOST: