A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Set, Sett, v. Also: sette, sat(t, sete, seit, seat(t, sate, sait, sit(t, syt. P.t. set, sat, sete, seit, sait, settit. P.p. set(t, sat(te, sete, seit, sayt, setten, -in, setit. [ME and e.m.E. settenn (Orm), sæten (Layamon), sett, sitt, seit(t (all Cursor M.), settyn, cettyn (both Prompt. Parv.), sete (1455), sitte(n (15th c.) seat(te (1584), sit (Shakespeare). P.t. sette (a1175), sett, sitt, seit (all Cursor M.), set (Manning), sat (c1420), sate (Lydgate); settede (Wyclif), settid (c1449), setted (Caxton). P.p. iset (c1175), sett (Orm), isat (Layamon), seit, sete (both Cursor M.), seet (Wyclif), sate (15th c.), setten (Caxton), setted (a1532), OE settan, MDu., MLG setten, ON setja; causative of Sit v.]
I. Causative forms of Sit v. to cause to sit, to seat, passing into, to cause to take place, to appoint, to arrange.
1. tr. To cause to sit, to seat (in, on a chair, etc.) passing into sense 18 below. Also fig.
Some examples may rather belong in Sit v. 1.
[He] raid to Scone for to be set In kingis stole and to be king; Barb. ii 150.
Thai … Ane cheare mad, and thar-in sete Sanct Petir; Leg. S. i 151.
The lord gert hyr be set ewene before hym at the mete; Syne the lawe in thar degre War to met set, as thai suld be; Leg. S. iii 988.
Leg. S. vii 617.
On his sadill thai him set; Alex. i 3005.
In silkin carpetis … Auld Cassamus … Him-self hes set the alphyis; Alex. ii 3713.
Fra that I as pape wes sete In sege [etc.]; Wynt. vi 1170.
A kyng … noucht oyntyd, bot symply set In till a set be sum persownys Off byschapys, [etc.]; Wynt. viii 278.
He gart schir Gawyne vpga … And of that mighty na ma War set at the des; Gol. & Gaw. 1154.
Quhen thay war seruit and set to the suppar, Gyll and the gentill king … Syne on the tother syde sat the Coilȝear. Thus war thay marschellit; Rauf C. 181.
Bk. Chess 1915.
Sa far above him set at tabell That wont was for to muk the stabell; Dunb. (OUP) 132/51.
In the marbill chyare … was Ferichare sett; Boece 60.
The nobill king … begane the tabill, Befor him set Meliades … ; Into ane chyre abone him sat the queine; At the buird heid thay set the Earle Esture; Syne everilk lord and ladie in ordour Efter thair awin degreis war thay set; Clar. iv 801.
All to the kirke are went … Thir kingis thrie was sete … In regale seats, coverit … With cloathes of gold; Clar. iv 2407.
King Clariodus … garrit him be broght And set him in ane honorabill place; Clar. v 775.
Quhene the denner come to the paip and his cardinallis was pleissit and sett according to thair estait; Pitsc. I 249/2.
Honoure youre mother, sett Beersheba in a throne on youre richt hande; James VI Basil. Doron 154/2.
b. To cause (a person) to sit on a deliberative body.
Grit men for taking and oppressioun Ar sett full famous on the sessioun Quhair small takarris ar hingit hie; Dunb. in Maitl. F. 294/42.
2. To cause a deliberative or judicial body to sit, in the sense of Sit v. 4., to convene (esp. a particular session of) such a body; to hold a parliament, court, etc.
active At the justice … sett thare justice airis & hald thaim twis in the ȝere; 1440 Acts II 33/1.
Set me ane lauchfull court, I sall compeir; Henr. Fab. 2686.
Thai … in Dunde set ane ayr; Wall. i 275.
Grantand to … our balȝe full and playn power … oure courtis of the sadis landis to set, begyn, contynew; 1493–4 Reg. Cupar A. I 244.
The … immediate superior of that court … sall sett his court apon xv dais; 1503 Acts II 246/1.
Gevand him power balȝe courtis … to set, begin, hald, afferme, and als oft as nede beis, thaim to continew; 1507–8 Reg. Privy S. I 233/2.
To set ane court in leissum time & place; Rolland Ct. Venus i 776.
Baillie courts … to proclaim sett affix and hauld; 1559 Rec. Kinloss Mon. 150.
To set ane court of kyndnes upoun the ground of the saidis landis; 1565–6 Reg. Privy C. I 433.
How the lordis sett ane conventioun amangist them selffis; Pitsc. I 170 marg.
He sett ane parliament at Edinburgh to be haldin the tent day of Juin; Pitsc. I 394/30.
He sett ane conventioun of his nobillis … at Forfar; Bisset I 47/3.
(b) The said Adam to seit ane curt upone xv dayis be holdin upone the ground; 1522–3 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 67.
passive That a generall connsall be set at Perth the ferd day of the moneth of Mayi next; 1449 Acts II 38/2.
All justice is sett with continuacioune of dais; Hay I 269/18.
A gret consell was sett Into Glaskow quhar mony maistris mett; Wall. iv 11.
Til produce the rolment of baith thair courtis set apone the landis of Petlevy; 1500–1 Acta Conc. II 479.
Ther sall … be sett ane justice are for the discussing & ending of the said dume; 1503 Acts II 254/1.
Advertesande his grace of the parliament that wes to be set the morne; 1550 Treas. Acc. IX 430.
(b) Ane curt to be seit be the balȝeis of xv day for his entrais to the landis; 1514–15 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 29.
b. To gar or caus set (a deliberative or judicial body), to convene (such a body). Cf. Sit v. 4.
The gar, caus seems to be tautological, set being causative in itself; this interpretation seems justified as against set being simply a variant form of sit, there being no examples of gar sit and quite a number of set, otherwise a rare variant.
The king a parlyament Gert set; Barb. i 591.
In till Wygtown he gert set A jwstry … . Till him syttand thare come a man And as in playnt he tauld hym [etc.]; Wynt. viii 3187.
This king gart set ane plane parliament; Prestis of Peblis 65.
With power to gar set and affirme courte or courtis; 1560 Inchaffray Chart. 167.
To Johnie Bukhanie officer deput to the Shereff of Edinburght principale … to caus sett ane court of justiciarie in the toun of Edinburght; 1565 Treas. Acc. XI 453.
3. To cause a public or semi-public meeting of a more general sort to take place; to arrange, organise (a marriage, etc.); to hold (a market or fair).
First quot. may, perhaps, rather belong in V. Cf. sense 32.
That the merkettis to be haldin in tyme tocum … apoun the merket dayis [etc.] … salbe haldin and set on this wise as eftir follows; 1477 Edinb. Chart. 140.
He set … Ane gret iornay; Seven S. 420.
The mariage and day of the banket, The king him self he gart deuise and set; Rolland Seven S. 7300.
The battel ȝe haue set, This day aucht dayis to fecht; Rolland Seven S. 9326.
That the brydell … did exceid the number of persons in the former act, … quharfoir those who sett the brydell … ware ordined till pay half a crowne the pice; 1654 Stirling Ant. II 17.
Penny brydells made and sett within the foirsaid bounds; 1670 Salmon Borrowstounness 92.
[The Baron Bailie in 1672 was Thomas Rutherford Town Clerk of Jedburgh one of whose official duties was to] set the fairs [of Hawick, as representative of the Lord of the Barony. … The usual procedure was to first call the roll of inhabitants … a procession was then formed and the Baron Bailie proceeded to] set the fair [attended by his procurator-fiscal … and his tacksman]; 1672 Hawick Arch. Soc. (1913) 52/2.
4. To appoint or arrange the time and (or) place of a meeting, event, etc., freq. to set a (the) day. b. To set a tryst, to arrange or agree an appointment to meet.
pres. Na the bailȝe may nocht … sett a langar day than xv dayis; Acts I 30/2.
We have written to oure wardane … to sett the dais of Merche and meting on the bordouris; 1475 Cal. Doc. IV 408.
That letters be writin to the schiref principale of Edinburgh … chargeing him that he set ane lauchfull day and warne thir partiis thairof; 1497 Acta Conc. II 77.
The sadis xij personis suld chese new jugis and set ane new dau; 1524 Dumbarton B. Rec. App.ii 5.
Settand ane place quhair thai sould meit; Stewart 15849.
At thai suld neuir set tyme of batell to Ingland bot wex thaim at thare wantage; Abell 98b.
Rolland Seven S. 7300 (see 3 above).
That the dekynnis of craftis set ane peremptour day for chesing of thair dekynnis; 1562 Edinb. B. Rec. III 141.
p.t. He … set him tym to cum a nycht With leddrys and with gud men wicht Till the kow ȝet [etc.]; Barb. xvii 33.
The balȝeis set that same day xv dais to Johne of Laidlaw to bring in his preiff; 1529 Selkirk B. Ct. MS 139a.
The Counsell did conuene and set ane day; 1581 Sempill in Sat. P. xliii 178.
(b) Certane tyme till him he sete [: meite] Quhen he suld meite him; Barb. iii 394.
(c) A day he sat thame till Vp in hewine quhen he suld fle; Leg. S. i 558.
p.p. Scottis-men had set a day To fecht; Barb. xi 8.
In November the twelfft day set, At Roxburch weddyt Dame Margret; Wynt. vii 3471.
Gif … throw hap the defendour deis within xiiij nycht betuix the perty set; Acts I *85/2.
The soverane of Babilone had sett him day of bataill; Hay I 249/19.
The x day efter was finaly set to Hengist and Vortigern … to intercommoun; Bell. Boece II 48.
Off that metyng … So that in Ȝorck was sett boith tyme and place; Lynd. Trag. Card. 99.
The day wes sett, and fix[i]t wes the feild; Scott ii 21.
The quhilk day and place was sett and appoyntit quhair they sould meit; Pitsc. II 139/30.
(b) Be crye the day is sete; Wynt. vi 2295.
b. To the kirk he come but let, Quhare scho to hyme triste set; Leg. S. xviii 1160.
In Ruglen kyrk the tryst than haiff thai set, A promes maid to meit Wallace; Wall. vi 865.
Fooles sets far trystes; Ferg. Prov. No. 267.
c. To lay down a time limit.
Thane certane terme set he sone, Quhen that he wald this war done; Leg. S. l 7.
The dayis sulde be set for terme A certane purpos for tyll afferme; Wynt. iii Prol. 23.
Ane schort and onrecoverabill term is set Of lyfe, quhen all most neydlyngis pay that det; Doug. x viii 75.
Gif ane maister … set ane … terme within the quhilk the merchand suld ladin; Bisset II 257/16.
d. To appoint a person's lot or destiny.
For Inglismen he settis no doym bot ded; Wall. viii 691.
f. To appoint something to be done.
Brefis … proclamit and sett tobe seruit this day and deulie execute and indorsat; 1583 Perth B. Ct. 16 July.
5. a. To present, provide (an example). b. To put forward (an argument, explanation).
a. He set ensample thus; Barb. iii 71.
The lawys … and custwmys usuale And the ensampillys befor set, … Makys for the Brows Robert And noucht for Jhon the Ballyollis part; Wynt. viii 749.
b. Gif he may set for hym certane resonis to sauf his distres thai salbe sufferit & gif he may nocht thai sal be raisyt the amerciamentis at the courtis; Burgh Laws c. 102 (A).
6. To place (a person) in an office, position, etc., to appoint or assign (a person) to a function or to carry out a task. Also transf.
He set ledaris till ilk bataile; Barb. xi 167.
The castell tuk he in his hand … & has set A gud wardane it for to get; Barb. xv 263.
He say [sic; ? erron. for may] set for him his stewart … for to mak the atht; Burgh Laws c. 21 (A).
As gif he may sett ane [champion] for him; Hay I 267/4.
Set segis for thair saullis to syng; Gol. & Gaw. 651.
Powar … to sett tenentis and put out and in als aft as thai pleis; 1552 Reg. Cupar A. II 104.
Thair to declair how monye men euerye man will sustene for defence of this burgh … with certificatioun and thay failye to convene … that the counsale will extent and set euerye man according to thair knauledge; 1558 Edinb. B. Rec. III 21.
This king diuydes the kingdome in baronies, ouer quhilkes he settis lordis and lardis; Dalr. I 302/27.
[She] hes set Jhone Reid cationer to performe the said promeis [of repentance]; 1618 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 81a (9 Dec.).
This plaice over the quhilk thou hast set us; 1637 Dumbarton B. Rec. 53.
transf. The conscience is set over the man by God as judge-depute; Dickson Wr. 206.
7. To let or lease out (property; (the collection of) revenues; the fruits or emoluments of property, industry, etc.; services of many kinds). Also fig.
Freq. in collocation with lat (Lat v.1 6 a) in various phrases, as, to set and (to (for) ferme, etc.) lat.
Also const. to set to (for) ferme, hyre, money, etc.; to set in few (ferme), steilboo, tak and assedation, etc.
See these various terms for many further examples.
(1) Gif the king will set gers be the tym of fogage … ilk beest sal pay viij d.; Acts I 326/2.
That xii personis … sal set & dele the hale sandis tyl al fremen induellaris in the towne; 1459–60 Ayr B. Ct. 14 March.
That na man sal set hous to na licht women; 1468–9 Ayr B. Ct. 16 Jan.
With power to occupy thaim [sc. lands] with thair awne gudis or to set thaim in all or in parte to tenentis under thaim; 1508 Reg. Privy S. I 251/2.
Gif euer your lordschipe thinkis to gett reddy monee or ony price for wittall … ye man sett it to a man wnder ane sovme that he may sell it to ane day and mak monee of it; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 106.
The commvnythe sal dispos & set thame to ony at vill gef mast thairfor; 1527 Wigtown B. Ct. 254b.
Me … usufructuar of the personage of Roffen, havand regres and reservatioun of the frutis of the said personage to me, and to hie sett and rais the sammyn; 1539–40 Reg. Privy S. II 510/2.
Sua that we … may frelie assidat, sett and dispone the samin to our awin vtilite; 1542 Sutherland Bk. III 97.
Compelling beneficit men to sett their benefices to him; 1575 Orkney Oppress. 7.
Iff any woman servant be out of honest service [etc.] … And ilke a man that setts housses … to such persones to be actit in fyve pounds Scots money; 1669 Kirkintilloch B. Ct. 16.
No man sett no grasse for kye grasseing under twentie foure shilling Scots money; 1678 Kirkintilloch B. Ct. 94.
(b) That the granitar sete na teyndis to na barounis nothir landit men without sikkir souerte of housbandemen; c1489 Liber Aberbr. II 263.
Thomas Henderson constitut Jonet Hendersone his … wndowtit assignaye to the tenement … to seit and rais als oft as neid beis; 1519 Selkirk B. Ct. MS 70a.
(c) He chargit … the nychtbours … that nayne of tham satt thair luggenis and husis to na maner of man [etc.] … and thairefter the luggenis and innis ma be sett to tham; 1527 Aberd. B. Rec. I 115.
p.p. Concesserunt has setit dimiserunt has letin; 13… Liber Scon Pref. xix.
1457 Reg. Dunferm. 344.
That na commoun … be nother set na gewyn in perpetuale; 1462 Peebles B. Rec. I 147.
The customes of Leith ar sett with all lawfull dewteis, after the tenour of the clerks buik; 1480 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 38.
The customes and all vther rentis of the toun to be sett with all aventour and dangeris of deid and weir, ay payand the first half-quarter payment befoir hand; 1485 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 51.
The vmast loft of the said Newark is set to Georg Dauidson; 1494 Peebles B. Rec. I 195.
The said schip … sett to the said Johnne quhill Witsonday; 1494–6 Treas. Acc. I 217.
Ye have set the quarter of your landis … to oure lovite … servitour, … and has tane his grasum tharefore; c1500 Rep. Hist. MSS Var. Coll. V 84.
The prouest & baillies has set thair pynourschip & gait dichtein … for a ȝere to William Kingorn & Androv Storour; 1504 Perth Guildry p. 469 (28 Nov.).
William Rynde … hes lotat and sett the qwerrell of Railstoun till Robert Cvnynghame quariour for all the dayis of his lyfe; 1511–12 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 136.
The xij pairt of Cupargrange is set til Elizebeth Henerson, wmquhill spouse til Johne Ȝong … schou payand … as of befor, … and nocht maryand without our licens; 1512 Reg. Cupar A. I 287.
To hafe set … oure landis … for … nyntene ȝeris; 1516 Stirlings of Keir 309.
The stag and the ravenues of the fair was set to Duncan Smart; 1520 Stirling B. Rec. I 4.
And thareftir witht ane consent of the communite [we] avisit and set ane akyr of land to ilk ane of the saidis personis abone writyn; 1522 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 206.
Thair buithis salbe rowpit and set at Mertymes nixt; 1540 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 99.
The counsale ordanis the Burroleyis to be vsit and set … and euery fre man within the burgh to put thair bestiall thairto quhill it be providet to be set; 1556 Peebles B. Rec. I 228.
That na houses be set thame; 1591 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. I 267.
None of there kyndlie possessionis shal be sett ouer there heades; 1615 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 246.
Gif … ane burges hes hyred a house, … to ane man for certane ȝeiris … and … sellis the house … he that hes bot set the samin, is nocht obleist to keip the said … sett; Bisset II 254/18.
Ane kow sett for the first calfe & milk pryce thairof xij lib.; 1628 Dumfries Test. Ia 174.
The fishings in the water and damnes to be sett, and all parties prohibited from fishing; 1680 Musselburgh 55.
He having sett the south chamber to the young Lady R.; Sibbald Scot. Illustr. 33.
(b) Ande that nathyng be sete to na barone nor landit man without my lordis awyis; c1489 Liber Aberbr. II 264.
This inquest … hes seit the profet of the samyn to James Bradfut … for iii yeris nixt to cum payand thairfoir yerlie xl s. to the commoun profet; 1519 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 51.
absol. Touching the outrigging of their ship, whairof John has ane aucht part; the bailies considering the apparent skaith betwix the parties assign … to John to … produce ane mariner … to sail for his part of the ship … or else … to set; 1553–4 Old Dundee II 318.
fig. Set the house of your soul to God, and then for shame ye cannot win off him to cause him flit; Rutherford Christ & Doves (c1709) 26.
(2) 1392 Lennox Mun. 46.
1405 Maxwell Mem. I 145.
The saide Dene John has set and to ferme latin … the Canoun millis; 1423 Holyrood Chart. 127.
Has sett and to ferm lattin as in husbandry to the said Waltyr Monypenny … thair landis of Estirbalrymonth; 1434–5 Reg. St. A. 423.
The said prioure … has sett and to ferm lattin … the tendschef of his paroche kirk; 1435 Cop. St. A. 129.
To hafe grantyt, set and for ferm lattyn ane quarter of our toun of Lytyl Perth to John Sperk for al the termys of his lyve; 1472 Reg. Cupar A. I 164.
Tyll haff set ande to ferme latting, and be thir our present letteris settis ande in malynge lattis, … fowrty schillingworth of our lande; 1474 Bk. Carlaverock II 436.
To haff sett and to male and ferme lattyn … all and halle my landis of the Hangatschaw; 1475 Lennox Mun. 104.
1492–3 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. II 338 (see Lat v.1 6).
His grace settis and to mail lettis to the said reverend fader … the Manys of Dernway; 1507–8 Reg. Privy S. I 239/1.
Ws … to haif set and for maill and seruice latt [etc.]; 1549 Reg. Cupar A. II 59.
[We] settis and for male in assedatioun lattis, … our landis of Nethir Campsye; 1551 Reg. Cupar A. II 68.
Settand and for maill lattand to the said Walter Seytoun … all and haill the vicaraige … teyndis, fructis, rentis [etc.]; 1557 Reg. Privy S. V i 50/2.
Us … to have sett and in tak and assedatioun lattin [etc.]; 1571–2 Coll. Rebus Alban. 196.
The … counsall settis and in assedatioun lattis to Eduard Raban … the tounes new foir hous; 1623 Aberd. B. Rec. II 382.
Archibald … settis and in perpetuall few and heritage … lattis … the foirsaidis landis; 1631 Highland P. I 328.
The said … setis and for the fraught underwritten latis his said haill ship … to the said; 1660 Old Ross-shire I 185.
— The Consell … settes and laittes to the said Marcus the said anchorage and dewes thairof; 1646 Inverness Rec. II 192.
(b) The said reuerend fadir … has seit and to male lattin … the saidis landis; 1487–8 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 320.
(3) 1381 Douglas Chart. 29 (see Ferme n. 1).
In husbandry for ferme … He set thai landys; Wynt. ii 369.
The custwm was set to Thom Dawison and Dobi Spendluf to xiij mark and a half; 1457 Peebles B. Rec. I 119.
The furlottis set to Thom Bauld for xj merk; … the customs set … for a yer for xiij merkis x s. … the mekill buth … set … for xxti s. [etc.]; 1488 Lanark B. Rec. 1.
The fische of the West Wemis … salbe set for xxvi li. xiii s. iiii d.; 1531–2 Reg. Soltre 195.
Rentall of the kirkis of Couper sett for money. The kirk of Bennethie quhilk extendit … to threscoir aucht chalderis vittuall … set in lyferentis for vj s. viij d. the boll; 1561–2 Reg. Cupar A. I 356.
The causualteis of the lynt, lyntseid and salt is sett for ane yeir … for the sovme of xlvj li. xiij s. iiij d.; 1600 Glasgow B. Rec. I 204.
Debt may be aweand, be borrowing and lenning, or be buying and selling; or be reason of ane lenne, … location, and conduction (quhen ane thing is set for hyre and profite); Skene Reg. Maj. i 47.
When they sett the kys milk for silver they pay for a kowis milk in the year fyve punds; Skene Agric. MS (ed.) 69.
Skene Agric. MS (ed.) 69.
— Ordains the chambers of the Colledge to be sett at fourty shilling per peice; Edinb. Univ. Chart. 146.
— Quhen glas and gold allyk ar fundin deir And every lord settis land but ferme or male; Bann. MS 266b/32.
(4) [The baillies and council] as set the common kylle in fewferme to Jhon Rychartson; 1482 Peebles B. Rec. I 191.
Ther is nocht ane servand in the Knokhall that aw seruice to your lordschipe sene tha ar fermouris and the toune sett in steilboo; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 106.
[To] warne all and sundre … that sic ane land wes to be sett in few, and thay that wald bid maist thairfoir wald gett the samin; 1549 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 146.
1561–2 Reg. Cupar A. I 356 (see (3) above).
Johnne Oswald [etc.] … settis in tak and assedatioun to Johnne Broun notar … ane lugeing; 1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 13.
The … fermes … being sett in feu-ferm and the teindis in lang takkis; 1586 Reg. Cupar A. II 294.
To latt furth and sett in few … commoun landis; 1588 Glasgow B. Rec. I 121.
Payed to the receaveris of his majesties rentis compleit payment of the few deuetie of his majesties propertie sett in few to my lord Earle of Argyll; 1624 Argyll Rentals I.
Those … who haif sett thair lands in few or long leases for a certane dewtie; 1625 Acts V 178/1.
The lands wer ane part of the principalitie … and may not be sett in fewferme without consent of the prince; Hope Major Pract. I 50.
That na … prelat shall … sett in tack … their patrimonie for longer space then 19 yeirs; Hope Major Pract. I 80.
(5) George Strauchan sall resigne the landis … quhilk being done the toun … sall set back and sett to George Strauchan upoune the same conditiounes; 1614 Aberd. Council Lett. I 126.
b. To assign (a lease, tack, etc.) (to a person).
The landis of Abirnethy pertenyng to the saidis personis be ressone of tak and assedacione set be the kingis hienes his commissionaris; 1496 Acta Conc. II 9.
Gif ony takkis or fewis be sett or maid … without consent of the said reverend fadir [etc.]; 1511 Exch. R. XIII 444 n.
That thair be furtht chosyne … foure personis … to sett or formail the said takis; 1522 Aberd. B. Rec. I 98.
The said conuent … hes sett and lettin ane assedatioun to [etc.]; 1559 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 237.
The minister persoun … hes sett bak takis of the saidis haill teyndis to ane mediat persoun; c1560 Liber Dryburgh 325.
Lettres … [dis]chargeing all kirkmen and kirkwemen to sett ony feuis, in recompensatioun of his wagis; 1561 Treas. Acc. XI 56.
The rentell of the Gallow rig & Volfgill sett the xi of Februarij … for xiiij ss of entre siluer; 1562 Dumfries B. Ct. 160b.
Me loyrde of Cassillis tak of bailyerie … sett to my father; 1576 Waus Corr. 129.
Ane tak of the said pryorie set in assedatioun to umquhile Maister Johnne Spens; 1576–7 Reg. Privy C. II 587.
Foure hundreth merkis he gart him get him, For tackis of kirkis he hecht to set him; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 967.
He had sett nineteine years tack of thirtie chalder of victuall of teind, for half a mark the boll; Scot Narr. 29.
The last nyne yeares tack sett to George Conqueror of the tounes common good being only of the milnes, fishes and inshes [of Perth]; 1676 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. IV 566.
c. To rent or lease to a person: Only with indirect object. Cf. quot. 1552 in sense 6.
That nane of the towne lodge nor set hir or receawe hir in houshauld; Sc. N. & Q. XII 59.
d. To hire out (animals, etc.).
Ta oxin the quhilk he seit for meill to the said James; 1520 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 60.
Ane quhite hors set in hyre be the said Johnne to the said Randell; 1572–3 Canongate Ct. Bk. 426.
Ane decreit … anent ane hors sett in hyirgange … and none off thame be acceptit witnes … becaus thay thame seluis hes hors to sett for wadge and that none wtheris quha hes hors to sett be acceptit; 1589 Burntisland B. Ct. 5 April.
He quha lattis or sets the thing for hyre, to the use of ane other man, sould deliver to him the samine thing, and he quha receaves it sould pay the hyre; Skene Reg. Maj. i 52b.
The erle have set to the said Johne tua oxxin and ane naige; 1657 Galloway P. 28 April.
The magistrats are to discharge the owner of these horses to sett there horse farr or near for hyre; 1678 Edinb. B. Rec. X 342.
Oblidged me to sett my cowes for sex shillings each cuple; 1702 Old Ross-shire I 174.
e. reflex. To hire (oneself) out.
He set himself with the said Alexander to be his servand for half ane yeir; 1662 Philorth Baron Ct. 14 Oct.
f. transf. To raise money on.
All holie thinges they sette, and sell; 1622 Pope's New-Year Gift.
8. To suit, befit; to be appropriate, fitting or proper. Freq. impers. Also reflex. = Sit v. 10. b. specif. Of clothes: To suit, become (a person). = Sit v. 10 b. c. transf. Of a person: To fit, suit (his clothes).
pres. Thar hawing … Settis thaim weill, in euir ilk thinge; Thewis Wysmen 82.
It settis best to ȝow To do [etc.]; Hay Alex. 3472.
It settis na seruand for to … clym so hie; Henr. Fab. 2613.
How it settis him so syde to sege of sic materis; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 196.
It settis not madynis als To latt men lowis thair laice; Scott iv 42.
It is ouer sore to a gentleman to doe that it settes him not; Rollock's Thess. 190.
Making the last lyne of the first verse to be the last lyne of euerie vther verse in that ballat, will set weill for loue materis; James VI Poems I 83/5.
It is a thing that sets a soldier very well, to stand fast and sure; Henderson Serm. 512.
It sets them ill, shame on their kind; Cleland 41.
Another trade sir, sets you better; Cleland 68.
reflex. Ane pak of flaskynis fynance for to mak thé Thow sall ressaif in Danskyn of my tailȝe With De Profundiis sett thé and that felȝe; Kennedy Flyt. 447 (B).
p.t. He spent that winter at home, demurr and melancholy, a temper that set him ill; Fraser Polichron. 474.
p.p. It war wele set That to ȝou sic a chance betid; Seven S. 285.
It is wele sett that thou sik barat brace; Kennedy Flyt. 376 (Ch. & M.).
Thai said, that tha mycht think ill sett, So mekle blude for him that thai had bled [etc.]; Stewart 19942.
Baith schip and bote were dround … It wes weill set, for tha the tressone wrocht; Stewart 30436.
Flane bellie flawcht on thé it war weill set; Rolland Ct. Venus ii 373.
b. pres. Na weid will cum hir better Nor this garmond … Nor halff so weill will sett hir; Bann. MS 228b/68.
The Earle of Angus … pullit the gold chinȝie frome his craige and said … ane raipe wald sett him better; Pitsc. I 175/8.
Pluto's wassall … , Sanct Johnstones ryben sets him best; ?c1660 Bk. Pasquils 169.
p.t. Scho woir nevir grene nor gray That set hir half so weill; Henr. Garmont 40.
Bann. MS 231b/11.
p.p. The busking and clothing of the dames … and what contrey weid was best setten for gentilwemen to wair; Melville Mem. 123.
c. Wes never man set sa weill his clais; Lynd. Sat. 919.
b. Of a season: To come to an end.
The soft morow ande the lustee Aperill, The wynter set, the stormys in exill; Lanc. 2.
III. To put or cause to be in a particular place.
10. tr. a. To found, build (a town, castle, etc.); to erect, put in position (a wall, etc.). Also, once, with non-personal subject.
(1) A fair playne quhar he thocht … a towne to set; Troy-bk. ii 1563.
That tempyll set And fowndyd in till [the] honowre Off all thai mawmentys; Wynt. v 62.
Ane gret castell … sett vpoun ane roche; Hay Alex. 2727.
Begouth I first set wallis of a cite Althocht my foundment was mysfortunat; Doug. iii i 36.
The strang tempill … Set in the castell apon ane hillis hycht; Doug. iii viii 51.
How Agricola sett ane brige apoun Tay; Boece 11b.
Being set in ane law plaice and a verray marische; Buch. Detect. (1727) 17.
That the parpell wall … be tayne doun and sett eister mair; 1598 Cart. S. Giles cxiii.
(2) For rydling and myxin the lym that sett the provest yll; 1586 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. II 388.
b. To erect, set up, put in place (a banner, scaffolding, etc., also a stairway (cf. 70 a below)).
He bad … Set his bannere; Wynt. ix 3194.
He bure a lyon … Of gowlis sygnet & set to schawe in assay Our souerane … his armes to knawe; Howlat 372 (A).
As for the nettis of the Calate sall set thar stavis and lend abown the thre stanis; 1467 Reg. Dunferm. 359.
And sic like gudis that suld be weyit to be vsit at the Ouer Bow and a trone set thare; 1477 Edinb. Chart. 141.
To George Campbel, gardiner in Strivelin for ijcxl stakis set about the loch in Strivelin, lvj s.; 1501 Treas. Acc. II 84.
Stewart 12775 (see Sign(e n. 4 b).
1547 Reg. Privy C. I 73 (see Bale n.2 1).
In the middis of that samin towre … Ane greit image he set to all mannis sicht; Rolland Seven S. 4953.
The samen [pier] is biggit upoune the … brander of aik sett and infixit obefoir; 1570 Aberd. B. Rec. II 3.
Thomas Craig to be callit for removyng of the gallows furth of the loyne sett be him at his awin hand; 1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I 7.
Handsenȝie of Scotland … wes set on the castell heid of Edinburgh; Diurn. Occurr. 330.
That all maisteris … of warkis … sie thair skaffellis and futegangis surelie sett & placeit; 1598 Edinb. Masons MS 2b.
That na staynes aucht to be infixet or sett at ony graiffes in the buriall yaird; 1603 Edinb. B. Rec. V 324.
A stare to be sett of timber to the roomes abone the coach house; 1616–17 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 443.
There he saw the crafts' standards and pinsells sett; Calderwood III 459.
To Stephin Grive [etc.] … quhen they lifted up the stipell bell to set her rycht; 1652 Peebles B. Rec. II 192.
(b) xvj stanes … to sait the pelleris on; 1582 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 122.
c. specif. To erect boundary stones or markers; to mark or establish a boundary. Also fig.
As the proppis ar sett fra the est to the west apon the northe syde; 1456 Liber Aberbr. II 89.
As the marchez and merkis ar set be us of the new, and the ald dike to be remufit and set as the new marchez proportis; 1488–9 Reg. Paisley 407.
Fra it to the Crawcarne as we sal gar set the stanis on the heid of the hillokis; 1499 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 430.
As it at was linit and the lyneyne stabes set betuix thame; 1499 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 101.
Slak, … discendand as the proppis ar set to Fadiswell; 1540 Reg. Great S. III 488/2.
Oder to sett merches, or put … mawarris thairto and part it be coill as plesis thame; 1565 Curle Coll. MS (Reg. H.).
The jugis present … decernis the merches of the Rylland bayth ower and nether to stand perpetually as thay wer sett of befoir; 1569 Crail B. Ct. 17 April.
Sua passand eist … be certane stainis presentlie set and infixt be the said parties; 1596 (1597) Reg. Great S. 194/1.
[For] carpoillis to sett merches [between the sands and the hills, 10 s.]; 1603–4 Ayr B. Acc. 220.
That march stones when necessity requyres be sett for preventeing of debate … betwixt the hospitall and there nighbour heritors; 1674 Edinb. B. Rec. X 169.
fig. No church under heaven hath authority to lift up the march-stones, which God hath set; Forrester Bishops Claim iii 6.
11. To plant (seedlings, trees, etc.). Also fig. b. intr. ? Of a plant: To ‘take’, to begin to grow. Only proverb.
Of thing that ma be ordanit in na testament … All thingis that ar biggit & set in erde sal stand still; Burgh Laws c. 104 (A).
With a yard for to set cale in; 1433 Liber Coll. Glasg. 167.
All growis nocht that in the ground is sett; Henr. Fab. 1765 (Bann.).
Item … for iiijc thornis to set in Strivelin; 1501 Treas. Acc. II 82.
For xvj pere treis send to Strivelin to set, xl s.; 1501 Treas. Acc. II 83.
To by sauchis and to set thaim, iiij Franch crounis; 1501 Treas. Acc. II 83.
To ane man brocht rosmary fra Bothuile to Strivelin for to set; 1502 Treas. Acc. II 144.
Chargeand him … to plant and sett treis neidfull within the saidis peillis, for decoiring thairof; 1566–7 Spottiswoode Misc. I 358.
Thomas Vmfray wes decernit to mak and set als sufficient willing treis in maner of ane hege; 1574–5 Elgin Rec. I 150.
The innirgang of the treis grawand in the Hie Kirk yaird to be drawin … and sett in the Grein; 1613 Glasgow B. Rec. I 336.
[To] sett kaill, [make] muir burne [etc.]; 1679 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds II 79.
absol. I sau, I sett—no flour nor fruit I find; Montg. Misc. P. xxxi 17.
According to the old maxime, set wate and sow dry; Belhaven Rudiments 27.
fig. Sic eloquence as thay in Erschry use In sic is sett thy thraward appetyte; Dunb. Flyt. 108.
b. Ye bread of Patrik Consteins wyne that never setts; Carmichael Prov. No. 1708.
12. tr. To put (something) in, on, to, at, etc. a place or position. Also fig.
Also, once, with omission of the preposition and once, without construction.
Also in various special uses: To set plucht in (ground), = to plough; to set huke in (corn), to set corne in (sekil), = to cut (grain); to set to the door, to dismiss, reject.
(1) active One the altere he it set; Leg. S. xxvi 1073.
Thare wes corne mekil Bot few war to set it in sekil; Leg. S. xv 36.
Gyf he in sic corne cuth set huke; Leg. S. xl 94.
Trawalit he … In Goddis ȝard to set plucht To schau his seiyde [etc.]; Leg. S. xl 132.
Wpone hys land We sall sett ankeres; Troy-bk. i 144.
In myddis of the chalmer … The barnis bed thai haf set; Seven S. 83.
Quatuor lagenas … Within the graif to set sic thing; Dunb. (OUP) 118/113.
God set his bow in the air; 1579 Black Bk. Taymouth 144.
There he a throne Set for the sunne; Montg. Mindes Mel. xix 17.
Pala, the peel to set in or take bread out of the oven; Wedderburn Voc. (1709) 15.
To sett it [sc. wine] in the Sessione in tym that it may setle; 1656 S. Leith Rec. 105.
fig. O! say ye, I find a faculty of prayer, I want not words enough, and get them bravely set upon the pins; Renwick Serm. 26.
passive Twa contraris … Set agane othir on a quhele; Quhen ane is hye, the tothir is law; Barb. xiii 652* (C).
In fewter set his stalwart spere; Alex. i 1173.
The teth … ar set in chestyr thryn; Wynt. i 776.
Noittis ar imperfitit communely be pausis (that is to say) quhen befoir or beeftir perfyt noittis pausis of les kynd ar set in place; Art of Music 17.
Counterfaitt pasimentis of gold, … sett vpoun our clething; 1593 Lennox Mun. 463.
Victuell … set in and keipit in killis, barnis or houssis; 1607 Glasgow B. Rec. I 263.
To inhibit ony dirt to be set on the calsey; 1628–9 Dumbarton Common Gd. Acc. 59.
A copper panne sett upon a lent fyre; J. Hope Diary (1958) 157.
Sometimes a light may be set in a corner, … it ought to be … set on the candlestick; Durham Comm. Rev. 115.
(b) That the pate stannis … be sayt apon the meyd gawyll; 1553 Crail B. Ct. 31 July.
(2) Thar leddrys to the wall thai set; Barb. ix 414.
Clarus … set his battreis to our wallis; Alex. ii 487.
It nedis ȝe sete ȝour schype to flud; Troy-bk. i 176.
His cloke tuke of … Syne set his chyar to the fyre; Seven S. 1386.
Seuyne score of scheildis thai schew at ane sicht Ane helme set to ilk scheild; Gol. & Gaw. 484.
Ane lang ledder thay gat, And to the rufe of the hous thay it sat; Rolland Seven S. 3306.
Thir sex rebellis schippis … settis thair bred syde to hir lodging, batteris the houss [etc.]; Spalding II 233.
fig. As for the Assembly's Confession, I am afraid they will yield it to be set to the door; 1660 Wodrow Hist. (1828) I 33.
(3) He [sc. Saturn] wes howth vs sete To be rygnand a planete; Wynt. i 1577.
The nail … sal be set als ner the balk as it may be set gudly; Acts I 387/2.
A bathis or a stovis … suld be lawe sett nere a water of fresch water; Hay II 143/25.
Peple settis oftimes cawdrounis … at the cheik of the lin; Bell. Boece I xliii.
To Andres Mansioun, carvour, for the fygour of ane lyoune set abone the croun; 1542 Treas. Acc. VIII 143.
The … pictur of buttir … wes set at the wall-syd; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 199.
(4) Sanct Jhonstoun hawyn thair ankyr haiff thai set; Wall. xi 771.
(5) absol. God … That all thing has … wroutht & done, As of the planetes … And set thame be sertan asyse, And stabillis thame at bidding; Troy-bk. i 534.
b. Where the object of the preposition is a person or part of a person or an animal. Also proverb. and fig.
Also to set (something) to the customers, to present (it) to an authority (for some reason).
(1) He till his bak had set a tre; Barb. x 728.
Thai the croice before tham set; Leg. S. iv 343.
In my mouth the heft thou set; Leg. S. xl 1138.
The croun vpoun his hede thai sett; Hay Alex. 2471.
A mase he has in his left hand in set; Bk. Chess 1807.
Hys hawbryk … Set on his schulderis; Doug. ii ix 8.
Abufe his hed … Set lyke a mytir the Troiane foly hat; Doug. iv v 79.
To banys Bege Cok the toune, and ever scho be apprehendit in it agane, to set the keye on hir cheik; 1541 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 2 March.
For 56 schoes sett on the cart horssis; 1618 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 127.
His faultis wreittin in great letteris and sett wpone his breist; 1620 Perth Kirk S. MS 13 June.
(b) Ane quarter pound prikett of wax to sait beffoir the prowest in the kirk ij s. vj d.; 1582 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 125.
proverb. And sett our peirles befor sic swyne; 1596 Melvill 375.
He settis the plouche befoir the oxin; Melville Commonpl. Bk. 6.
fig. The thing that ȝe sett at ȝour heill I will no moir sett at my harte; Bann. MS 257b/67.
(2) Vnground malt, aitis [etc.] … to mak in malt and sett ovir agane to the customeris of the towne; 1607 Glasgow B. Rec. I 263.
c. specif. To place or serve (food) amang, in, befor (a person), on a table; also without construction. Cf. 32 below.
The poun … he … brak … And set it amang the knychtis; Alex. ii 5909.
Scho sparyd noucht thare fete to weysche Na yhit to sete thame fysche or fleysche; Wynt. v 3918.
It war full teir for to tell … The seir courssis that war set in that semblee; Gol. & Gaw. 214.
Cope and dische … war befor him set; Bk. Chess 1005.
While the meat was setting on the table, his lordship was alarmed [etc.]; Guthry Mem. (1747) 290.
absol. Quhen all the mesis ar seruit & set; Seven S. 1515.
d. Of a place: To be located in a particular (geographical) position.
For it wes set betwene tha twa [sc. The Tigris and the Eufrates] It hat Mesopotamya; Wynt. i 869.
[Of] Chawmpayne all the land [Was] … And esyly set to the se Wytht hawynnys gud; Wynt. iv 1295.
Ane secreit place weill set of him; 1570 Sat. P. xxiv 85.
13. To put (eggs) under a hen to be hatched.
His henwyfe … to set thame [sc. eggs] scho fure; Colk. Sow iii 92.
14. a. To put a mark or token on (upon), to (for the purpose of identification). Also transf. Cf. next.
Fyne cawk eneuch, that his der nece mycht set On ilk ȝeit, quhar Sotheroun wer; Wall. vii 408.
He gert … be … Set on his clok a takyn … that suld his condet be; Wall. xi 911.
The saidis maisteris of wark hes subscriuit this writ with thair handis, and the said maisonis hes sett thair markis to; 1532 Aberd. B. Rec. I 146.
That every baxstar haif ane mark to sett, and to be sett upon his breid; 1552 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 14 Oct.
transf. Vpoun thair fais he settis his mark A blud reid nois besyd thair e; Bann. MS 107b/48.
c. To attach significance to (in).
The cognissance of the emprioure was sett in his mantill, rob of purpure or cote armoure; Boece 199.
15. To land a blow (on a target).
Mony ane straik was sadly set And mony ane haubrek thirlit was; Alex. i 2072.
Wait ȝe weill how Gaudifere Can stoutly set ane straik with spere; Alex. i 3012.
The battellis on baith the sydes met Quhare mony ane rummill rude was set; Alex. ii 4316.
Robert Boid … a sad straik on him set Awkwart the crag; Wall. vi 750.
16. a. In fig. context. To put down as a stake, to wager; also, to set (money, chance) (up)on (sex and) sevin (Sevin n. B b), to wager, to risk, to behave recklessly.
Ȝung airis That his auld thrift settis on ane es; Dunb. (OUP) 189/27.
On Fortounis … quheill the uictorie to sett; James VI Poems I 213/109.
b. To set cautioun (rarely, suretie, once, ane gadge), to put down, deposit (a pledge, security).
And sall set cautioun of burgessis induellaris of Aberdeen that the scholar presentit sall obey; 1580 Aberd. B. Rec. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 156.
1598–9 Misc. Spald. C. V 70 (see Cautioun n. 1).
To remane in vard ay and quhill he set cautioun; 1599 Misc. Spald. C. II 144.
That everie executour dative, set and find to the saidis commisseris sufficient cautioun and souerties; Bisset II 81/8.
The merchandis aucht … to set ane gadge for money or evir the gudis be loissed out of the schip; Bisset II 244/1.
Patrik Wysman set cautioun that he sall go to the chantor to the parosche of Alves and ther satisfie for his fault; 1629 Elgin Rec. II 212.
Duncan Farquhar … set Alexander Phimester cautioun for the woman performing, payne 5 lib.; 1635 Elgin Rec. II 229.
Nicolas Briot … refuised to offer or sett anie suche suretie; 1636 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II 49.
The session thought fitt that he should be incarcerate until he should sett suretie als oft as he was called; 1671 Banff Ann. II 48.
Compeared Elspet Reid and promised to set caution ageanest the nixt Sess. for hir penalty; 1682 Cullen Kirk S. 7 May.
c. To set (a person) a sum of money, to make a payment (perhaps in a particular fashion) (to a person). Only in Halyb.
In Julij anno affor writyne set Peter Rekyer to pay the Dene in Brugis. Som, 44 li. 10 s.; 1496 Halyb. 99.
Item in August anno affor writin he set me in the Vissell, 40 li.; 1496 Halyb. 99.
Item 4 in March Peter Rekeir set me in the chans, 20 li. … the 17 day of the samyn moneth Peter set me in the chans, 20 li.; 1496 Halyb. 127.
17. To put down in writing.
Gyff I dyde as othir wrate In this plas I sulde set thaire date; Wynt. ii 1066.
Nestoris … Off oure Lady this deffame He set, and sayd that [etc.]; Wynt. v 4157.
Johnne … for humilnes in his epistile … set nocht his name before; Nisbet II 325.
In the caus of diuorce proponit be Margret aganis Jhon … according to the desyr set literatorialie the vij day of Julij instant; 1563 Misc. Maitl. C. III 311.
b. To put (as a symbol) for.
C, that lettyre capytalle; Is set in nowmerys … For ane hundyre; Wynt. iv 2344.
18. To put, place or position (a person or animal) in (on, etc.) a place. Also reflex. (once, of the moon). Also passive (once, without agent stated or implied).
Cf. 1 above with which there is some overlap.
active Men brocht a man … & seit hym Sanct Machor beforne; Leg. S. xxvii 908.
Abbays he [founddit] … And set in thame relygyws men; Wynt. vii 848.
The tothir has laiser … to set his substitute with the tane and himself with the tothir; Hay I 194/27.
Thai gert set him in till a presoune; Wall. ii 153.
In hevin, Lady, quhen he thé set; Obsecro 66.
The feend … settit him on the pynacile of the tempile; Nisbet Matth. iv 5.
Gif I may get him, In till ane presoun I sall set him; Lynd. Meldrum 1412.
Accuisit for non adherence to his wyff anseris that hous to set hir in for the present he haid nane; 1616 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 74a (8 Aug.).
— And knyt tyll all thare [sc. foxes'] taylis … Ane hat cole … And set thame in thare flattis … growand grene; Wynt. iii 239.
reflex. or quasi-reflex. Quhen the moon be-twen our sight Has sett hym and the sonne … It lettis ws thane of fare sone To se the body; Troy-bk. i 506.
Our leidar is gayne, Amang our fays he is set him allayne; Wall. iv 144.
The master sall sett himself in dask; 1649 Elgin Rec. II 434.
— He ascendit … To set his manheid on his Faderis rycht hand; Kennedy Pass. Christ 1628.
passive Wallace socht quhar his wncle suld be In a dyrk cawe he was set … and he in yrnys strang; Wall. ix 1346.
He is to be set on the goif; 1498 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 73.
He was set upon the market-crosse for the space of three or four hours; Knox II 476.
Thair belman Henslie beand set at the markat croce in the chokis; Hamilton Facile Tr. in Cath. Tr. (STS) 235/20.
A crowned king … Under the baner shal be set; Anc. Prophecies 20.
Alexander Wilsoun … to … be sett wpone the keik stule in the jogis; 1620 Perth Kirk S. MS 13 June.
At last being loosed from these pinnacles of paine, I was hand-fast set on the floore; Lithgow Trav. x 463.
— In Arabe quhen this Egipt was set; Bk. Chess 1485.
b. With a part of a person, once, of Venus, as object. Also absol. or ellipt. Also fig.
Also to sett one's hand unto, = to sign.
(1) active His fute he set Apon his man weill hewyly; Barb. vii 210.
God … Set our sawlis in sicht of sanctis; Howlat 988 (A).
And fair Venus … Vprais and set vnto the west … Hir goldin face; Henr. Test. Cress. 12.
Tyll a wall thai haiff thar bakkis set; Wall. ix 509.
As thai first set fut apon the sand; Doug. x v 172.
All this tyme settis na man his heid out of the hous; Dalr. I 25/7.
fig. Set your shoulder under the glory of Jesus that is misprised in Scotland; 1650 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 655.
absol. or ellipt. Bot this ignorance now cuming in plaice And obliuioun had set his fute; Pitsc. I 4/18.
proverb. He is als good a man as sets his croun to the lift; Ferg. Prov. MS No. 627.
passive The pyet pyke thy ene on gallous set; 1570 Sat. P. xxii 52.
His head therafter set to his shulders, he was buryed; 1584 Gowrie P. 43.
absol. Extulit unda, sett up abone the watter [L. caput extulit unda]; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn.i 127.
(2) In witness wherof wee haue heerunto sett our hand and seall; 1642 Facs. Nat. MSS III xcv.
IV. To put into, cause to take up or be in a position, relation, situation, state, etc. other than the purely local. Some merging occurs with III where the description of a particular physical location passes into that of a position relative to another, e.g., with certain usages of adjectives, such as, open, high, etc.
19. a. To place or put (a person, thing, etc.) in ((in)to) or on the situation, position, circumstance or state described in the prep. phr. Also, in passive, to be in the situation, etc., without any sense of prior causality. Also, specif., to set a person upon the pannel. See Pannel(l n.3 1 (1). b. Const. fra: To exclude (a person) from the situation described. c. To set (persons, etc.) by the earis, to confound, confuse or bring to conflict.
a. active (1) Quhen thai had thyrlyt thaim hastily Than schyr Eduuardis cumpany Set stoutly in the heid agayne; Barb. ix 615.
Settand in pes all the countre; Barb. x 259.
Ȝe se in quhat affray The folks of Gadris hes vs set; Alex. i 247.
Gif ȝon king leifis ocht lang He sall me set in mekill thrang; Alex. i 2274.
Fortoune, that in hi happynes Settis seir men; Troy-bk. ii 2686.
Now God … Set his saull in solace; Howlat 466 (A).
He maid thé so, and set in hie honour; Lanc. 1341.
The abhominatioun of desolatioun Thow settis in the haly place; G. Ball. 159.
G. Ball. 159.
Will flatterrit him quhan first he flew, And sett him in ane low; Montg. Ch. & Slae 725 (L).
Thair father … bosted to sett another in his place; Dalr. II 36/35.
I being of … sound judgement … thinks fitt to set my hous in order as followeth; 1681 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 27 June.
reflex. Quhen sic a knycht … Into sic perell has him set To wyn a wrechyt hamillet; Barb. ix 407.
(2) intr. for reflex. Suppos he war sa fule hardy that he wald sett on aventure; Hay I 264/29.
(3) It is dingnite verray That has set thé to sik assay; Leg. S. xviii 316.
I am leader for one horse within the parish of Aberfoill and although I gott never my localitie for the horse … yet … I still sett my horse to the randivouze day; 1678 Red Bk. Menteith I 418.
passive (1) Giff that thaim war set in chos To dey or to leyff cowartly; Barb. iii 264.
He sall be set in mekill pres; Barb. vii 425 (see Pres n. 2 (2) for further examples).
He wes set In-to the hycht off chewalry; Barb. ix 512.
The folk of Grece into great thrang War set; Alex. i 2056.
I than, set in lyk assay, Wylfull is my det to pay; Wynt. Prol. 80.
Esaw, … For hungyr that he wes in sete, … gawe wpe … hys herytage; Wynt. ii 206.
Our lyfe is sett ilk nycht in avinture; Henr. Fab. 657 (Bann.).
With sorow sone thow mon bene set in feyr; Wall. xi 1116.
Scho was weill sett in eild; Colk. Sow ii 137.
Am I nocht set to fer in sic misdeid; Bk. Chess 379.
Sett in hie curaige; Scott xv 5.
(2) Sum war knyt in gud aray And sum war set to the forray; Barb. xvi 612 (C).
(3) The furriouris that day War oft set on hard assay; Alex. i 2470.
b. Opin tung has na traistinge; Bere thow wytnes but somondynge Thow may be set fra wytnesinge; Consail Vys Man 384.
c. He begane to practise how that such as he feared … should be sett by the earis one against ane other; Knox I 111.
Buch. Detect. (1727) 4 (see 22 a (3)).
Amonges the countrie men he mackis With feinȝeit seillis and antideatis … Setting the countrie be the earis; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 495.
20. With adjective complement: To put in or bring to the state or situation described by the adjective.
Contempl. Sinn. quot. may belong in 1 above in the sense ‘to cause to sit in sense 1 b of Sit v.1
The door unclosed, wide open set; Sir Eger 1824.
O strang tirrand … , Just men oppressand and schrewis settand [Arund. sitand, Harl. sittand] hie; Contempl. Sinn. 63 (Asl.).
To … sett ane keasment oppen wyd; 1611 J. Melvill in
McCrie Melville 445 (see Robene n.2).
When he thats kept in chains was now set free; 1640 Lithgow Poet. Remains 245.
From the Highlands set lowse on our countrie boors, Libera nos; 1671 Bk. Pasquils 251.
21. passive Of a quality, etc.: To be placed, exist, be present or established in a person or place.
Laute And he honour is set in thé; Alex. ii 8254.
Ane richt evill falt was in that tyrand set; Bk. Chess 76.
Thy gyrth is set in sicker place For he sall saif thé; G. Ball. 108.
Thy mercy is set in sicker place; G. Ball. 124.
22. active and passive With various adverbial expressions: To put or cause to be in the (lit. or, freq., fig.) position described in or indicated by the adverbial expression.
a. Variously const. b. To set on fute (end), to place upright. c. To set on side, aside, apairt, to discount, set aside, disregard; also, lit., to put aside, to separate. d. To set (something) euill (wer) or weill, to put (it) to bad or good use. Chiefly in Alex. (usu. tr. F. employer). e. To be weill set to do (something), to be advantageously placed. f. To be wele (euil) set unto (against), be well- (ill-) intentioned in regard to another. g. To set on hicht. See Hicht n.1 9 b.
For further examples see also Aside adv., Fredom(e n. 3, Liberte(e n. 1 b.
a. (1) Fortoune him schawit hyr fygowrt doubill face, Feyll sys or than he had beyne set abuff; Wall. vi 58.
The brethren … carried him to the market-crosse, where they set him on high; Knox II 476.
And quhat he knew he quyte foreȝet's: fair setts his mynde afloucht; Sempill Ballatis 247/19.
When all their enemies come about them like bees, … what wonder if ye be set aback? Dickson Wr. 67.
The trettey of the vnione of both kingdomes was sett a footte by his maiestie this ȝeire; Balfour Ann. II 2.
The said Coyle setts a fostering … his second laull sone; 1674 Soc. Ant. XXX 19.
(2) 1566 Argyll Fam. Lett. 5.
He sat hir clene at fredome; 1570 Sat. P. x 205.
The gentilmen that remaned in preasonis war … sett at libertie; Knox I 233.
Quhill all iniwrieis war sett at rest and miessit; Pitsc. I 51/31.
Carancie … the king of the Scottis with the king of the Pechtes sett at ane, and maid thame fyne freindes; Dalr. I 186/31.
(3) The horse together have they set They missed not but ever met; Sir Eger 1513.
Scho left na meane vnassayit to set thame togidder be the eiris; Buch. Detect. (1727) 4.
b. Gyff he on fwte mycht have bene sete; Wynt. vi 1394.
Vpoun the graif of euerilk nobill man … Ane greit lang stone [he] gart set on end vprycht; Stewart 2930.
Item, when the tron was set on foot, a quarter a loaff, 5 s.; 1663 Peebles B. Rec. II 204.
c. (1) The sin ryipis and schame is set on syde; Henr. Fab. 1910.
Beseikand hir for to be gracious And take the best and set on syde all euill; Rolland Ct. Venus iv 117.
All … feid, favour, or affectioun set asyde; 1566 Reg. Privy C. I 490.
All quarrellis … betuix the chancelar and him to be sett assyde; Pitsc. I 34/22.
Lat all iniurieis be sett assyde; Pitsc. I 36/26.
Lat all debatis, stryf and battellis be set assyde; Pitsc. I 139/2.
In perrells all to play my pairt & dainger set asyd; Maitl. Q. 248/34.
That ye faill nocht (all excuissis set apairt) to [etc.]; 1599 Wemyss Corr. 36.
(2) That … they be closed up and sett apart in loodges to abide thair tryell; 1635 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. 126.
Which … made the tithes … heretable to them … and a portioun to the king sett aside in everie parish; Calderwood V 433.
Item, sett apairt for upholding the harbour, ¥6; 1691 Pittenweem Ann. 100.
[A field] keept and sett apart for grassing the milk cows; 1736 Stirling B. Rec. II 236.
d. He had set euill [F. Mal auroit emploié] and wickedly His meat, his drink [etc.]; Alex. i 1916.
Gavdifir hes this encountering Set woundir weill; Alex. i 3070.
His larges is euill set; Alex. ii 5616.
Alex. i 2806.
Wes never sugeorne wer set; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 176.
e. He wes weill set … To conquest the land all halely; Barb. xvi 314 (C).
f. Sen we ar sa weil set unto ȝow; 1491 Reg. Episc. Glasg. II 482.
Giff he haid bein evill sett against ȝow [etc.]; 1657 Hibbert P. No. 20.
23. To set (the) fyre, the kyndilling, to set (something) in (till, to) fyre, in a fyr, on fire, a fyre, to set fire to, to set on fire, to burn; also to light (a fire, etc). (See Fire n. 1 b for further examples). Also fig.; also to set the kill afire, to start or instigate (something). (Cf. also Setting vbl. n. 3 c.)
(1) The hyrd … Amang the scroggy rammell settis the fyre; Doug. x vii 112.
He that set the kyndillyng glaid and gay Behaldis quhou that the low doys mak deray; Doug. x vii 115.
(2) The gret tempyll … Thay … sett … in to fyre; Lynd. Mon. 4048.
Haddir set on fyre; 1564 Reg. Privy C. I 281.
A trane of powder was maid and sett a fyre; Knox I 17.
[They] set thair barn on fyr on the Sabboth; 1609 Dundonald Par. Rec. 192.
He … sett the hous … on fire; Calderwood V 144.
fig. Set I was afyre In felinge; Lanc. 30.
My breist, which all wes set in fyre; Fowler I 69/55.
Quhat furious rage hes sett my thoughts in fyre; Fowler I 241/44.
This forsaking of his station, efter he had helped to sett the kill afire; Calderwood VII 357.
24. To assign (something) to a use or to be used or involved in (on) a process; also, specif., to put (something) up for (to) sale; to make (something, chiefly, a person's life or strength) available for a purpose or to do (something) of the same sort. b. To pit (one's strength) againe (something).
(1) That the samin vas set to the grit vtilite and weyll off our said abbaye; 1550 Rep. Grant Mun. 3.
(2) For … gold to Matho Auchlek to set on the simont riall … and the remanent of tua unce … deliverit to Quinta Essencia and maid in olye; 1505–6 Treas. Acc. III 46.
For Matho Auchlek to set on the simont riall quhilk wes deliverit to Quinta Essencia xiij Franch crounis; 1505–6 Treas. Acc. III 46.
Tua Franch crownis and tua unicornis quhilk wer set on the syment ryall to gilt the said relique; 1506 Treas. Acc. III 280.
1507 Treas. Acc. III 334.
(3) To-morne … Honour sall be set to saill [F. Honneur est mise a vente] At speris streking ȝe sall all hale Be kingis sonnes; Alex. ii 8069.
(4) It is myn honest det For my land my lyff to set; Wynt. iv 766.
It is gude to lordis to do wele to thair men … to set lyf and gude for thame in tyme of nede; Hay I 194/21.
The lawis of armes … tholis vage bataill … And ony of hir brethir … will sett thair body tharefore, thai salbe … admyttit be samyn custumes; Hay I 263/16.
The unlaidning to be set first for recovering of the loissis and the resideu [etc.]; Bisset II 244/16.
— Thare is na man bot he wald his nychtboure sett his temporale lyf to save his saule; Hay I 203/15.
b. Sittand [B. Setting, D. Setand] thair strenth thy word againe; G. Ball. 57.
25. To bring or put into effect the concept expressed in the object.
To set help(ing, remede, redres, to supply or apply a remedy; to set lak, to blame, censure; to set let(ting, to hinder, prevent (see Let n. 1 a); to set one's main, see Main n.1 b; to set pane, to take trouble.
Had nocht God … Set help in-till his awine hand He had bene dede; Barb. v 580.
[He] set mekill payn To comfort thaim; Barb. ix 51.
He … That to the puple sa-gat spak & set one hir sa mekil lak; Leg. S. xlviii 209.
Gyf ony … shapes to do harme … the lordes … sall set lettyng tharin aftir thair leal poair; 1386 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 9.
I can na succour sie Gif ȝe vs failȝe to set helping; Alex. i 839.
He wald richt glaidly set his pane For to reioyce the Bauderane; Alex. ii 2063.
Ony maner of … skath … he sal … ger it to be … made knawin … and set the letting tharin … without delay; 1409 Exch. R. IV ccx.
To pray this Pape … In thir injwrys to set remede; Wynt. viii 2376.
Thair hade beine bargane haistielie betuix tha twa, wer nocht the king gart smartlie set thaim letting; Florimond 264.
It sulde be ane of the hie lignie of France the quhilk suld sett remede in all this thingis; Hay I 3/27.
To sett ane remedy thairto; Pitsc. I 394/27.
And thairby unable to awaitt and sate redres befoir the Lordis of Sessioun; 1587 Strathendrick 170.
b. To set all to all, to make every effort. Only in Alex.
Quhen gude men settis all to all To win honour; Alex. ii 4933.
Set all to all [F. Metés tout contre tout] I pray it thé Or thow now disprysit be; Alex. ii 2751.
26. a. To put (a value) on (apon).
The erle Thomas … hey empris Set ay on [C. apon] souerane he bounte; Barb. x 513.
b. To impose or inflict (a penalty, etc.) apon, agayne, to; to impute (a fault to) (on).
He sal be convikkyt … & put in al the skath that hys aduersare may set agayne [a. put on] him; Burgh Laws c. 99 (B).
The maystyr is haldyn to mak the recepte gude and nathyng to be set apon the ladysman; Ship Laws c. 14 (B).
Was neuer sa vnsound set to my hert; Gol. & Gaw. 590.
— He was never christned with salt That could on me set any fault; Sir Eger 2391.
27. To set (something) fra, behind (one), to put (it) from, behind (one), to eschew, reject (it).
All euillis hes he fra him set; Alex. ii 675.
Thare lord … takkis the wer, Settand all schame behynd; Troy-bk. ii 2036.
V. To put in position, arrange, fix.
28. To put in position, dispose, arrange ((a body of) men, troops or hunters). b. To put in place (an ambush, siege). c. To put (sentries, guards) on watch.
The king … set his men in gud aray; Barb. vii 578.
Barb. xi 571 (see 30 below).
He … Set ane battall betuix thame and the toun; Hay Alex. 3143.
Ay a grete battalȝe … purpostlie to kepe the salt was sett; Hay Alex. 17102.
Gif I war now and thy self … Vpon the mure quhair we met Baith all suddandly set Or ony knight that thow may get [etc.]; Rauf C. 736.
Men of armes on Wallace semblit thar, Four scor was sett in armys … On the merket day, for Scottis to kepe the toune; Wall. ii 103.
Sone to the park Wallace a range has set; Wall. viii 117.
About the park thai set on breid and lenth, With vi hundreth … All likly men, to wrek thaim of thar harmes; Wall. v 20.
Wyth men about him set, Wallace mycht nocht a graith straik on him gett; Wall. v 75.
Doug. ix viii 10.
The faid also rycht feitlie could he set; 1567 Sat. P. iii 46.
Strangmen of armes … Wer sett thame for to sidder; Scott ii 62.
[Men] wer set for the slauchter of Johne Hamiltoun; Diurn. Occurr. 350.
As they had ben settand tinchellis for the murther of wyld beistes; Pitsc. I 56/1.
b. Thai set enbuschement in the way; Barb. vi 211.
That he … will … To the toune ane assege set; Barb. xvii 270.
Clarus … Hes set ane seage before that place; Alex. ii 275.
To Effezone ȝow ryde … And rase the sege that thair is set; Alex. ii 438.
Thay … Sall set ane bushment to our ȝet; Alex. ii 3069.
To fill the fowseis … Syne for to set ane seig round about; Stewart 12773.
To sett a sege the hous abowt; Bann. MS 23a/18.
The King of Fary … sett ane sege and ane salt with grit pensallis of pryd; Gyre-carling 15.
c. For the trew he lewyt nocht To set wachis to the castell; Barb. xv 127.
To the toun thai sett thare watchis nere; Hay Alex. 3298.
Thai sett bot few or ellis necligent wachis; Boece 570.
Quhen the admirall weche sal be set and maid; Bisset II 218/15.
29. To put in place, fix, arrange (a trap, snare, net, etc.) to catch animals, etc. b. specif. To set setis (Set n. 5), as above; also, more generally, to organise or arrange a hunt or the area to be hunted, to dispose hunters or beaters, etc. for the purpose of trapping animals; also, by extension, people.
As quha wald set ane girne befoir ane gled; Stewart 3639.
The said Johne sall haue leife to sett foure nettis within the Dowloch; 1550 Breadalbane Doc. No. 73.
To set thair nettis with cloikit craftines; G. Ball. 100.
Lyke to ane bird taine in ane net, The quhilk the foular for hir set; G. Ball. 112.
[Not] to set girnis, lyme wandis, or to use ony uther ingyne for the slauchter of the saidis wyld fowlis; 1576 Reg. Privy C. II 515.
Ane lax nett sett within the mouth of the water of Lewin; 1599 Wemyss Corr. 36.
Margaret Faape … confesseth … that she hade sett ane nett wpon the Sabbath day; 1657 Cramond Kirk S. I 23 June.
absol., fig. He sett [L. insidias capitales struere] for the kingis lyfe; Dalr. I 322/12.
b. Thai … huntyt lang … And soucht schawys and setis set Bot thai gat litill for till ete;Barb. iii 479.
Can thow nocht blaw Ane horne, and set thy settis on raw, Vncuppill thy houndis and gaming ma? Alex. ii 2710.
He past … In till huntyng hym till play Wytht honest … cumpany Off his gammyn all thochty The stable and the setys sete; Wynt. vi 1613.
Wynt. vii 46 (W) (see 51 below).
A karle … That wald set settys … Chyldyr and women for to sla, And swanys that he mycht oure-ta, And ete thame; Wynt. viii 5572.
Quhen that the rangis and the faid … Dynnys throu the gravys, sersyng the woddis wyde, And setis set the glen on euery syde; Doug. iv iii 58.
The saitis set with hunters … The eger hounds; Clar. iv 1767.
30. To fix (a weapon) in the position required for its use. b. To fit (an arrow) in a bow.
Cf. Alex. quot. at sense 12 (1) passive.
Be nocht abaysit … Bot settis speris ȝow befor And bak to bak set all ȝour rout And all the speris poyntis owt; Barb. xi 570.
He set his spere and strenȝeit fast his hors And strak him quyte throw scheild [etc.]; Hay Alex. 1521.
b. Hawand in hys hand a bowe, Thare in he set a brade arowe; Wynt. ii 40.
31. To arrange, dispose (an object or its parts) in a particular manner.
In a feild of siluer … Ane egill … The memberis of the samyn foull displait … ay set for to fle; Howlat 355 (A).
The chekker in four sqwar is met And ilk sqwar with viij poyntis is set; Bk. Chess 2017, etc.
Compositis … crinibus, pexis (sett); Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics iv 417.
32. To set up (trestle-tables), also, once, ? to prepare (a table) for a meal.
The met all reddy grathit, Vith burdis set and clathis laid; Barb. v 388.
Josaphus … gerte ane vthire bord … be sete; Leg. S. vii 615.
Gar set the burd [F. que la table soit mise!] that we may eit; Alex. ii 5005.
Be this was commyn tyme of mete Braid burdis war wpborn and sete And coveryt syne with clathis … Cowpis out brought … One towalle burdys arayit & drest; Troy-bk. i 372.
The burdys wndyr clathis sete; And wyschyn he had to ga to mete; Wynt. iv 1071.
The cramys of chepmen to be set fra the belhous doun to the Trone; 1477 Edinb. B. Rec. I 35.
The cramis that salbe sett tobe ane burd on twa laych trestis without oney couering; Edinb. B. Rec. II 200.
33. To set one's salis, sale, to fix one's sails in position for a voyage; to sail.
That saftly throu the see It may be leifful thai thar salys set; Doug. v xiii 69.
With ane scharpe blawar … set ȝour sale a litle lawar; Shaw in Maitl. F. 384/10.
34. To fix (a decoration, usu. a gemstone) in an object or the material, usu. gold, of which the object is made. Also with prep. phr. describing the nature of the setting.
(1) Oft men … set it [sc. the pearl] in bruchis, & in ryngis; Leg. S. xxviii 19.
His scheld was gold … And in the cantel was set ane flour; Alex. i 992.
A cassit collere of gold made like suannis set in gold; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 85.
To sett ane saphir in gold; 1511 Treas. Acc. IV 315.
Jespe sett in gold; 1542 Inv. Wardrobe 63.
Hir teithe as perle in curall set; Maitl. Q. 155/68.
Ane paddok stane set in gold; 1583 Edinb. Test. XII 55b.
Ane grit diamont sett in ane chattoun of gold; 1598–9 Reg. Privy C. V 543.
(2) Ane … diamand sett in table for the quenis spousing ring; 1538 Treas. Acc. VII 14.
Ane gryt dyamont set on day licht at the tane end; 1542 Inv. Wardrobe 60.
c. To fix or insert an object in a setting or the material of which the setting is made, also, in (vpoun) a position. Also with omission of the prep. phr.
(1) Thar was the garding with the flouris ourfret, Quich is in posy fore my lady set; Lanc. 72.
Of ald glas … tane doun … and set in new leid; 1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 189.
Ane meit burd of 3 ellis lang, set in ane creddill ¥4; 1546–7 Reg. Great S. 20 n.
To raise the pait stanis of the said gawill and to sett the samin in the myd parte thairoff; 1577 Crail B. Ct. 6 Aug.
— To caus … sett vpoun the turnepyke of their tolbuith and javellour hous ane sufficient dur; 1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 156.
(2) To sett the windowis and heicht the solis of thame; 1563–4 Edinb. Old Acc. I 447.
For xij pikis to sett the fyallis; 1564–5 Edinb. Old Acc. II 211.
xij d. for ane stain to set the tolbuith burd … for leid to be ane bot thairto; 1575–6 Lanark B. Rec. 71.
Posuere [L. ratibus posuere carinas], sett; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics ii 445.
That the northe windowis of the said kirk sould be sett and harllett with lyme; 1623 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 282.
Old glass taken down and sett over with new lide; 1673 Old Ross-shire I 193.
35. To adjust or regulate (an instrument), e.g., a clock, compass, etc.
Villiam Vallace to reule, set, gid, and keip thair knok; 1533 Aberd. B. Rec. I 147.
After the commissioner had preambulat the west, he set a compass by the south; Kirkton Hist. 254.
For waiting on the gine being the 1st weik it was setting & mending quhat was wrong; 1684 Sheriffhall Coal Accompt 15 March.
36. To put (words, songs, etc.) to music; to arrange music or a musical composition (for different instruments, in a number of parts, etc.).
Setting sangis and singand merilie; Henr. Test. Cress. 243.
A mery man … Syngand this sang that rycht swetly wes set; Henr. Age & Yowth 7 (Makc.).
Sangis sweitlie set; G. Ball. 69.
To make it knawin wha sett the thre pairts to and agreable to the tenor, or comon pairt of the psalme buke; Wode's Psalter (ed.) 3.
Psalm CXXXVI … is set wyth the note of Give laud unto the Lord; Wode's Psalter (ed.) 134.
Certan Canticles. Set in iiii partes; Wode's Psalter (ed.) 135.
Instructet alsweill to reid, writt, sing, sett and play; 1593 Edinb. B. Rec. V 106.
The musicke then, and heauenly harmony Of instruments accorded in a kie, … Sall their be heard together sweitly set; Hume 58/206.
My toung vnabile is to paint That constant lufe … O happie war the rethoriciane That with sueit wourdis wald lament it! Als happie war the gude musiciane Wald sett and caus it to be prentit; Montg. Suppl. iv 20.
To be schoolmaster to sett the psalmes & to be clerk to the Sessione; 1653 Jervise Epitaphs & Inscriptions I 113/2.
Sertan … songs, perfitly set in iiii pairtis; Wode's Psalter (Bass, dupl. vol.) 172.
37. To put in place, establish, fix, arrange (a state of affairs, situation). b. Wele set, well or properly put in place, established, made safe or sure.
Syne God … inclynyd was Thus tyll a pagane, … Quhat walde he for ws all set? Wynt. i 619.
b. The tyme that Octauiane, the monarch, coud hald, Our all was pes, wele set as hertis wald; Want of Wyse Men 13 (Ch. & M.).
Directed the said laird … to make all passages so suire … betwixt Glasgow and Dumbartane … The passages bayth be land and water being weill set at the said meitting place [etc.]; Bann. Memor. 105.
38. p.p. Of tartan: Patterned according to particular colours.
Ane new colored woman's wearing plaid most sett to boday red. Item ane gray broken plaid sett most to the green; Depred. Clan Campbell 114.
VI. To place mentally; to estimate; to value.
39. To place mentally or conceptually in a particular category; to attribute to or at (a cause, etc.); to regard as belonging to or depending upon (a particular sort of behaviour).
That wes mar The myrakill of God almichty And to noucht ellys it set can I; Barb. xvii 826.
War nocht that men wald it let Or to auant or rusing set Sic ane word say I wald That [etc.]; Alex. ii 2282.
Qvhen Fesonas, … Had said … That sho na lufe … Suld haue but Alexanderis will, To gude thay set it [F. Tout le tiennent a bien]; Alex. ii 5321.
They moist … sett it at the eventoure of God; Bisset II 256/31.
b. To put (items) in order; to place (an item) in (within) its place in a sequence or with others of the same sort by the use of judgment or other mental skills.
To set in til a lyne, see Line n.2 7 b.
To the apostulis now will I, In ordour set; Leg. S. Prol. 147.
The formest of thire eildis sere I set within the fyrst thre ȝere. Than buskis child [etc.]; Ratis R. (STS) 1113.
Sa we haue set thir … in thar awne ordour; Nisbet III 128.
Wrettaris hes … Sett thir auld storries in ordour; Pitsc. I 4/23.
Sall I now … Ninus … forgett … and not with thame [sc. illustrious names] him sett? Fowler I 109/146.
Ane summonds requyres not necesarlie the major, minor, and conclusion, to be sett in order; Hope Major Pract. II 235.
c. To order, organise or present (subject matter, etc.) in a particular fashion.
He settis his wordys ay wysly; Thewis Wysmen 97.
Armorie suld be set be nombre & be mesour of compas; Loutfut MS 12a.
Lady Cleo, quhilk craftelie dois set Historyis auld like as thay war present; Doug. Pal. Hon. 854.
d. To set the cas, to put forward arguments, to argue a case; to put forward as if as an argument, hence, to suppose.
He … set the case all swykfully; Wynt. viii 384.
— As we wald sett the cas that [etc.]; Hay I 138/21.
And sett we the cas, that he Duk of Brytaigne send gold in Almayne [etc.]; Hay I 143/22.
40. To lay down or fix (a rate or level). a. Of taxation, dues, etc. b. Of compensation. c. Of a ransome.
a. Chesit Maister Thomas Menzeis [etc.] … thair taxtaris to stent, sett and tax the sovme of iiijxx iiij lib. Scottis mone monethtlie to be rasit; 1532 Aberd. B. Rec. I 144.
Nychtbouris schessin … to sett a generall taxt; 1540 Aberd. B. Rec. I 170.
That ane extent be sett and rasitt of the haill burrowis; 1570 Conv. Burghs I 19.
Lismoir … has na set rentall of dewtie because it is everie ȝeir alterit or set; Descr. Isles 435.
[They] ar chosin and sworne to sett the teind scheaweis of Innerrowrie for the ȝeir … And to sett all wthir taxationis of the said bruche for the said ȝeir; 1608 Inverurie B. Ct. 1 Nov.
Conforme to the last stentroll in respect they have not tyme to sett ane new stent; 1675 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 24 June.
b. To set Ȝon Turnus slauchter for owr recompens; Doug. xi iv 92.
c. [His ransom, when it is] anis sett; 1561 Cal. Sc. P. I 584.
d. To lay down a standard.
That the counsale … sett ane convenient pais of the breid baith of fynes and wecht; 1523 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 189.
To set mak and establische ane mett measor and wecht to be commoun and vniuersall; 1587 Acts III 521/1.
41. To put a value on, fix the price of (a commodity, property, etc.); also const. to the sum; to lay down (the price of goods, payment for a service, etc.). b. specif. To put a value on a ship's cargo (cf. 42 below). c. To put a value on a person.
That nane met the mele bot thai that sett it; 1445 Ayr B. Ct. 4 Oct.
That thay set the meill in the commoun mercat and nocht in houssis nor vnder stairis; 1487 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 53.
Sett to him for ilk raise in and furth for fourty five pundis, of tua rasis … lxxxx li.; 1494–6 Treas. Acc. I 217.
That na lugeing … be sett … of derrer price nai thai war sett at uther justice airis; 1509 Justiciary Rec. II 143.
For the fraucht of the cordage … sett for ilk tun fraucht ijm pund wecht; ansuerand to vijm viijc lxxxviij pund cordage; price of ilk tun fraucht tuenti s. Scottis; summa vij li. x s.; 1511 Treas. Acc. IV 300.
That the vnce of fyne siluer salbe set to ix s. vj d.; 1553 Perth Guildry p. 508 (7 Sept.).
Gif it beis set better chaip; 1556 Perth Hammermen 85.
Ten bollis aittis sawing … ilk boll sett within the availl xl d.; 1569 Edinb. Test. I 258b.
The price set as is writtin; 1575 Edinb. Test. III 257b.
xiij gros and ane half of cambes … prisyt and set all ourheid to the sowme of xxx lib.; 1586 Edinb. Test. XVII 100b.
Merchandice … quhilk he settis & estimattis to vc & xl merkis; 1594 Edinb. Test. XXVI 303.
Guidis and geir … and utheris omitted be thame, or sett within the iust awaill; Bisset II 81/16.
The … counsell considering what may be sett on the ilk boll … hes fund xx s. for ilk boll malt may pay the said excise; 1655 Rothesay B. Rec. 8.
Cunstaris … quho have liberty to set the pryce thairon according to the worthe not exceiding ii s. the pynt aill; 1655 Rothesay B. Rec. 9.
b. Or ȝit gif sic wariance fall furth amangis them selffis [sc. the owners] … the schip sall nocht ly idill bot the leist pairt sall sett the ship vpoun ane price lykeas thai will ather keip hir to thame selffis or than slip hir and latt hir away … but gif thai can nocht … agrie vpoun the seting of the said schip [etc.]; 1602 Conv. Burghs II 144.
c. This preicheing wes plesantlie hard, and he esteimde a good barne, howsoeuer he wes set befoir; Spalding II 23.
42. To estimate a quantity, specif. of a ship's cargo or of goods entering or leaving the realm, for the purpose of calculating the customs duty payable. Cf. also Setting vbl. n. 5 c. b. ellipt. To estimate the customs duty payable.
Const. to the quantity of goods or sum payable.
The guidis aftermentionat be indifferent estimatioun ar to be sett to the sowmes and quantitie afterspecifeit, that is to say; ilk quantitie or bowlk of lambskynnis estimatt in the kings compt and rollis of his maiesties customes for jc to be sett to ane barrell and ilk barrell swa sett to pay sex penneis; 1582 Conv. Burghs II 509.
Skynnis … ar nevir tauld, bot as the custumar and merchant aggreis amangis thame selfis will set and esteme thame to ic skynnis; 1595 Skene in Misc. Stair Soc. I 145.
The sek of wooll is commounlie set be the skippers to ane tun; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplath.
Ane bark from Dundie with iron and plumdamais set to 6 last and 5 barals 38 s. 6 d.; 1610–11 Aberd. Shore Wk. Acc. 64.
b. Thomas Richison master of ane schip from the Rochell with salt and 18 tun wyin set to ¥7 4 s.; 1610–11 Aberd. Shore Wk. Acc. 65.
43. To set (someone, something) at na thinge, at nocht, at licht, at litile price (vaill), to put no (slight, little) value on, to hold in little, etc., esteem.
At na-thinge settand hewynis Kynge; Leg. S. vi 616.
This eild … settis trawall oft at nocht; Ratis R. (STS) 1266.
How he was … set at sa licht; Rauf C. 740.
And settis at litile price all waurldly thingis; Irland Mir. I 36/30.
Men … lychtleis, contempnis, and settis at nocht the deliberatioun off the Kirk of God; Q. Kennedy Tractive 112.
Than man I … my Goddis name manesweir, And set him at full lytill vaill; G. Ball. 74.
Hir … Quhilk settis thy lufe at licht; Scott xx 28.
b. To set (something) bot licht, to set but lightly of (something), to put slight value on something, to value it slightly.
‘Be Christ,’ said the Coilȝear, ‘I set that bot licht’; Rauf C. 635.
Rauf C. 936.
He hath spyed … A brighter bride … He sets but lightly of your love; Sir Eger 2408.
c. To set (a thing) before (another thing), to value (a thing) more highly than (another thing).
Thai That varldly lyking settis ay Befor lykyne that ma nocht Cese; Leg. S. xliv 178.
And ȝit settis honour … before dede; Hay I 84/18.
And set the commoun proffet of the land Befor thair lyf; Bk. Chess 1137.
d. To set nocht of (for) (a person or thing), to care nothing for. Also with clause object. Also to set lesse of … than.
(1) Of God na man he settis nocht; Hay I 70/7.
Ane unworthy lymmare, that settis nocht for honour; Hay I 233/25.
It is enuch that I eschapyt haue Ȝone cruel pepill, I set not of the lave; Doug. iii ix 118.
We sett nocht quhatt pepill haif dominioun of ws; Bell. Boece (M) I 296.
(2) Every lady of honour … Lesse settith of hyr deth than hyr gud name; Quare Jel. 492.
44. a. To set nocht (no thing, lytyll, licht) by (be) (something or someone), to put no value on, to be unaffected by. Also in absol. or ellipt. use, to set nocht (na thing, lytill) by, to be unconcerned, not to care or worry.
(1) Owris is … the rycht, Set we rycht noucht be all thare mycht; Wynt. viii 2578.
This eild is joly, proud and gay, And louis weil ay new aray, And settis nocht by tynsell gret Bot thinkis ay mar to get; Ratis R. 1408.
Than sall he be … put to perpetuale defame … and his peple sall nocht sett by him; Hay II 90/19.
Nobillis … Thair verteous nobilitie settis nocht by, For dishonest vnlefull warldlie wayis; Doug. Pal. Hon. 2045.
Sett not by demyng, For no man sall undemit be; Dunb. (OUP) 213/49.
The strenth of men ȝhe set not by; Doug. i viii 84.
Settand nocht by for to be mensworne; Stewart 26652.
Thay … set not by how that we fair; G. Ball. 235.
I sat nocht by onesuthefast sawis Bot as thay cum so lat theme go; 15… Moray Mun. Box 3, No. 39.
(2) Quho be wroth or quho be blith here I Am he the quhich that sett no thing thareby; Quare Jel. 158.
A juge of law he suld be in sic a kynd … That covatis settis him no thing by; Bk. Chess 709.
I … am right dortie to come ouir the dur, For thame that by my kyndnes no-thing settis; Montg. Sonn. lxv 12.
(3) Tha ar fykle of mynd and settis bot lytyll by … thar aythtis; 1517 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 89.
Thair testimonies … wer sic as thay micht esilie set licht by; Buch. Detect. (1727) 25.
(4) absol. or ellipt. Suppos it be sum part subtile to understand, settis nocht by; Hay I 14/29.
The tynsale of the body … is lytill to sett by, be tynsale of the saule; Hay I 33/30.
A king settis nocht by, sa that he have his nombre; Hay I 150/36.
‘Cum in,’ quod scho, ‘set ȝe nocht by'; Seven S. 1928.
So noyit he wes with sic melancolie That of him self almaist he set nocht by; Stewart 20468.
And I had bene orderit with ony honest woman I wald nocht settin by howsoweir it had bene; ?1552–3 Balcarres P. 312.
Na thing by thai settit How wrangouslie thai get it; Maitland Maitl. F. 306/59.
b. To set nocht (not) by (something) a fle (blase, buttoun, myte, bene, chirry, fert), with transfer of sense of nocht (not) from = nothing to = not: To value (something, someone) not even at the valuation of a flea, etc.
I … set nocht by my lif a fle; Wynt. iv 771 (W).
A blase I set nocht by ȝow baith; Wynt. vi 2024 (W).
I set nowcht thare-by a bwttoune; Wynt. vi 2144.
He set nowcht by thare mane a myte; Wynt. vii 152.
Ȝit of my deith I set not half ane fle; Doug. Pal. Hon. 736.
Sa mekle tressone, … That all the lawis ar not sett by ane bene; Dunb. (STS) xiv 28.
Lat us be mirry And sett nocht by this warld a chirry; Dunb. (OUP) 194/22.
And now I sett nocht by a bene Hir bewty nor hir twa fair ene; Dunb. (OUP) 65/58.
I sett nocht by ȝou a fert of ȝour ers; 1510 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. II 345.
c. To set by (a person or thing) chiefly, in negative or quasi-negative context, to value, esteem.
(1) In thar eild nan settis thaim by; Thewis Gud Women 284.
Kepe hir … vnder the dreid of awe or ellis scho sall neuer dreid thé nor set bye thé; Myll Spect. 296/26.
Lyk ane tyk purspyk quhat man settis by thé; Dunb. Flyt. 238.
Is nane of ws ane vddir settis by; Dunb. (STS) lxxi 9.
Or quha wald than … Set by the prophetes wordis Cassandra? Doug. iii iii 75.
I set by nowthir ȝour tormentis, na ȝour glorie; Doug. v Prol. 59 (Ruddim.).
Na lust to lyf langar seyk I Onlesum war syk plesour I set by; Doug. xi iv 98.
Hald ȝow 3 to giddir ȝe sall nocht be sone our travyt bot and ȝe ga syndrie few will set by ȝow; Abell 37a.
Say quhat ȝe pleis richt small I set it by; Rolland Ct. Venus iii 342.
And war scho heir I tak na feir The Feynd aby we set hir; 1570 Sempill in Sat. P. xii 189.
(b) Ȝe gif mair traist vnto ȝour py Nor vnto me, and mair hir sittis by; Rolland Seven S. 3246.
(2) Bot he that can be dowbill nane is set by; Doug. Pal. Hon. 2048.
Sum gevis to littill … That his giftis ar not set by; Dunb. (OUP) 208/22.
Quhairto … suld I Tell ony taill quhen it is not set by; Rolland Seven S. 3607.
Thar cumis sa mony chargis and nocht answert and na punision, quhyll tha ar nocht sett by nor dred; c1550 Corr. M. Lorraine 321.
Thair laude … Salbe disperst … Quhen faceles fuillis sall not be settin by; 1567 Sat. P. vii 91.
[Family worship was not so] sett by … [as was to be wished]; 1650 Gunn Cross Kirk Peebles 142.
VII. To come to a fixed or settled view, attitude or position.
45. In active use.
To engage (oneself, one's desires, intentions, abilities, etc.) in (into), on (upon), to, for, also, against (a cause, aim or purpose). Also with God as the object of the preposition. b. With reflexive pronoun as object.
(1) Ve suld set our maste delyte In Goddis vord; Leg. S. vi 489.
The apostil … that sat had hale His traste in God; Leg. S. x 419.
He that in wit Settis his intent [etc.]; Alex. ii Prol. 26.
Thaim … That settis maist part thar lewyng In rychtwysnes; Ratis R. 85.
In to God sett all thy traist; Lynd. Mon. 514.
I euir sett my hail mynd, and put my body in auenture for Scotland; Dalr. II 186/23.
(2) He sat his hart one heare thing; Leg. S. xxvii 303.
For vpon his auancement He thocht to set all his intent; Alex. i 1508.
On mony curys his hart he sete; Wynt. viii 2436.
Set neuir thi hart one cowatice; Consail Vys Man 260.
The nobil Scipio … set his felicite on the manuring of the corne land, & in the keping of bestialite; Compl. 44/23.
Quhy do we set so our intentis On ryches, dignitie, and rentis? Lynd. Mon. 394.
Quhair thai on sett, ay in thai gett Thair is na ȝet nor dur thame bydis; Maitland Maitl. F. 301/10.
Tyrantis settand thair haill purpois and intent vpone mischeiff; Pitsc. I 21/25.
(3) Than set I my wyt to contemplacioune of wysdome; Wisd. Sol. (STS) 95.
Thai set alhaill thar delygens Fra warldis wysdom … And settes thar besynes alway For hevynly joy; Thewis Wysmen 264.
The warld … makis man to haif na mynd of deid Bot settis for winning all the craftis thay can; Henr. Fab. 2212.
He dar not to ane vther set his hart. For hir at hame he is sa sair adred; Rolland Ct. Venus iii 475.
(4) It must be your resolution, to set your face against Satan's northern tempests; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1822) 124.
Ye, being enraged, set your venefical malice against him, and cursit him; 1644 Shetland Witch Trial in Hibbert Shetland Islands 598.
(5) Quhar a man settis his entent thar maist thar hart and wyll is lent; Ratis R. 1658.
How schapis thow thi hart to set? Seven S. 1484.
b. reflex. Pyrrus sett hyme thame ageyne; Troy-bk. ii 1409 (C).
Quhen women settis thaim for sic cryme As for to defoull [etc.]; Troy-bk. ii 2030.
Thai … set thame hale wpone felony; Wynt. ii 1426.
All thame that settis thame for the distrublaunce of the pore peple; Hay II 28/26.
In matters of conscience, we must … set ourselves in terms of opposition … with the shields of the earth; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 266.
VIII. (To cause) to take a particular direction.
46. To direct or apply (one's mind, will, purpose, hopes, etc.) to do (something). Also, once, how that (something might be done). b. With reflexive pronoun as object.
(1) I wald fayne set my will … To put in wryt a suthfast story; Barb. i 11.
Al creatur To be commone settis thare cur; Leg. S. v 194.
He … to emplese hyr set his payne; Leg. S. xii 78.
Leg. S. xxvii 8 (see Main n.1 1 b).
Hale hys purpos he set than For to becum the Devillis man; Wynt. v 4705.
Set neuir thi hart … To have gret thing in gouernynge; Ratis R. 873.
He that … has his hert ferme sett to sustene all adversitee; Hay I 85/27.
He wald never lere vertu na never sett his cure na his besynes thareto; Hay II 151/12.
Settand thair ingine to beilde … townis for defence; Bell. Boece I 13.
Anthonius sett his mynde to govern the Roman army in sik maner [etc.]; Bell. Boece (M) I 212.
The Inglismen, seing that he micht nocht eschape set thair besines to take him; Bell. Boece II 442.
Euerye man settis his felicite to distroy his nychtbour; Compl. 141/9.
To conqueis landis sum settis thair courage; Rolland Seven S. Prol. 11.
Spalding I 259.
absol. Tho Deme Nature had set hir cure, Scho cuth nocht amend in hyre fygure; Leg. S. xxxiii 169.
(2) Eird apone eird hes set all his thocht How that eird vpone eird till hicht may be brocht; Merser in Maitl. F. 411/3.
b. reflex. The erle … him set Sum sutelte or wile to get; Barb. x 539.
Swa, tyll excyte yhour delyte, I have set me now to wryte; Wynt. iv Prol. 24.
Set thé tharfor in thi ȝouthed To knaw [etc.]; Ratis R. 855.
Sen he may nocht othir wayis … eschape the dede, he settis him to fulfill his maisteris bidding; Hay I 197/23.
All syk perilis suld be schawin to the squier or he sett him to cum to the examynyng; Hay II 39/30.
[He] With all his mane and all his mude him set Till ettill him ane vther [sc. stroke; Hay Alex. 1918.
Quhen I sett me to sing or dance; Dunb. (OUP) 70/11.
With sik wordis Eneas … Set him to meys the sprete of Queyn Dido; Doug. vi vii 90.
His freyndis tuke grete indignacioun, that this illustir tempill suld be dedicate be Horacius, and set thame … to empesch the samyn; Bell. Livy I 142/24.
The tribunis sett thame be galenȝeis to [etc.]; Bell. Livy I 273/7.
Thow suld thé set to serwe Him [sc. God] idently; Bann. MS 212b/53.
c. With omission of nominal or pronominal object: To set about (doing), to set out, intend or purpose to do (something).
He set for to purches sum slycht how he mycht help him; Barb. x 520.
That euenture is on great manere I set to bair and is nocht sure; Alex. ii 2098.
He gaif it to the Douglas … gif he couth wyn it on weire Quhilk for his souerane saike he set till assay; Howlat 565 (A).
Quhethir gif I aw lefully to help my nychtbour in armes, gif ony wald sett to sla him; Hay I 127/3.
Quhan Alexander haid ordand his battell attyre … Than sett he for to mak his ordinance Off officieris [etc.]; Hay Alex. 897.
For I sett nocht all hardie man to sla, Bot los and wourschip till all wourthy to ma; Hay Alex. 3812.
Henr. Fab. 116.
Suld I begin to sport and nocht conclude Than wold ȝe all belyve say, lo him ȝondir That set to bourd and left it in a blondir; Colk. Sow Prol. 46.
47. In passive use.
Of a person, their hopes, desires, etc: To be directed towards or intent on (a goal); to be in the process of following, disposed to follow or determined on (for, to) (a course of action, purpose, etc.; also, once, a person).
(1) Til that hyre mach had forȝet Is [= His] foly that he one was set; Leg. S. xxi 32.
Hardynes … cummys of the hert and of the mynde of the man that is set … for … vertu; Hay I 118/14.
Mawkyne, the howp of all my heill, My hairt on thé is sett; Henr. Robene & M. 113.
I found euer his grace … sett to the synguler vell and deffens off his sister; c1515 Doug. (Sm.) I p. xxi.
[Men's] hairtis ar sett with ficcelnes For loif and nocht for lufe; Scott Bann. MS 277a/17.
Thocht the warld be haly set on yll; Arbuthnot in Maitl. F. 58/106.
Pray God to keipe his majestie in guid concord … deteasting … the evill disposition of sic persones, that … is sett to the contrar; 1595 Melvill 328.
Thair labour and hail studie baith in peace and weir was ay sett thairto; Dalr. I 94/14.
The Regent … was so sett for bishops and conformitie with Ingland; Scot Narr. 42.
I am sett to my shifts in my old age; 1647 Ruthven Corr. 92.
(2) To draue your eie, set on high materes of state, to take a glim of a thing of so mean contemplation; Hume Orthog. 2.
b. With infinitive object: To be about to do; to be inclined, disposed or resolved to do; to intend to do; to be bound or destined to do.
[St. Vincent] til ples God wes mar sete, Thane [etc.]; Leg. S. xxxvii 403.
Counsell thé here with thy kin For thow art set to tyne or win; Alex. ii 5674.
Ane cok … To get his dennar set was al his cure; Henr. Fab. 67.
Quhat suld I say, Wallace was playnly set To luff hyr best; Wall. vi 41.
Wrechis set with sorow and care To gaddir gudis all thar liffis spaice; Dunb. (OUP) 186/25.
Cruell handis set fortill invaid Kyng Priamus; Doug. xi vi 65.
We ar sett to mynneis na manis honouris; Bell. Boece (M) I 376.
Quhen … wemen ar sett to say no man a mis … Than sall my lady luve me; Bann. MS 267a/30.
This warld is sett for to dissaif ws; Kennedy in Maitl. F. 235/25.
He that is wod, he is set to rebell … ever inclyning to disobedience; Rollock Wks. I 435.
With hearts right set their Maister's will to know; Mure True Crucifixe 3125.
The presbitries … to testifie how farr they were sett to pleasour his majestie, yeildit to the said continuation; Forbes Rec. 378.
Allbeit I be not purposlie sett to mak answer in this discourse, yet would I have all men … learne [etc.]; Forbes Rec. 522.
Is he not limitd and thy mighty power Set to controle him? else he would devoure Thy saints … but … Thou lets him smite [etc.]; Lithgow Poet. Remains 245.
absol. Sa that my trauell and my pane I se weill all is set in vane; Alex. ii Prol. 18.
48. To bring to a settled state, to bring to a stop; specif. of a mill: To cause (it) to cease working.
Also in the later dial. (See also 68 b below and Setting vbl. n. 6.)
He wes nocht in the said myln that nicht and knawis nocht quhen scho wes sett; 1624 Perth Kirk S. 5 Jan.
Marat Merchant cam … to the mill to grind a peck, quhilk he refused to doe till the mill was picked, nevertheless the said Marat urged him to doe it befor the mill was set; 1650 Brechin Presb. 19.
49. tr. To cause (a person or persons, also, once, appar., oneself) to pass into a place, or from one place to another, to convey, transport, to set on land, etc.
(1) Ane That rowyt thaim our … And set thaim on the land; Barb. iii 426.
He … on the farrere land hym set; Leg. S. xxix 421.
[They] sett thaim in ane yle callit Maij; 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 58.
Apon land thai set hym; Wynt. vi 953.
Quhen he was sett on land [etc.]; Boece 84.
The skipper may sett him instantle vpoun the first schore he cums to; 1602 Conv. Burghs II 139.
intr. for reflex. Troianys sped thame to land, As thai desyrit set softly on the sand; Doug. i iv 30.
(2) With four schippes … He set thame our the Ban; Barb. xiv 382 (C).
Owre the wattyre than wes he sete; Wynt. vi 1999.
Makduff … That set besowth the wattyre wes, Off Erne, than past on in Fyffe [etc.]; Wynt. vi 2020.
intr. for reflex. He tuk … his wayage … Till Ytaly … And discumfyte the empryowre, And wan gret wyrschype and honoure Off Frawns nere the bordwrys sete; Wynt. v 4357.
(3) To … sett certane bandis of men of weir to the bordouris; Pitsc. I 394/28.
50. To cause (persons, etc.) to proceed in a particular direction, to (= towards) a geographical location.
He ger ankeres rasit be And smertly set thame to the see; Troy-bk. i 192.
A likand wynd thame sett to land; Troy-bk. i 207.
Sic gettis ay, as settis ay Stout stomakis to the bray; Montg. Ch. & Slae 484 (L).
b. To send (a letter) to (a person). Also absol.
Ane letter of tak set be James Caddell of Asslowane to James Scrymgeour; Scrymgeour Invent. 3.
absol. To the post for bringing hom som books and sett som letters … 10 s.; 1673 Montgomery Mem. 332.
c. To put (a dog) on (in) a (person's) track.
In his trace the hund he set; Barb. vi 555.
51. To lay down, determine, decide upon a, one's cours.
Quhar-throw clerkys … May knaw coniunctiones off planetis, And quhethir that thar cours thaim settis In soft segis or in angry; Barb. iv 697.
Than on the morne but langere let, The settis and the coursis set, The king and als the knycht thai twa Togidder raid; Wynt. vii 46 (W).
Thar curs by fait was set tyll Italy; Doug. i Prol. 433.
I knaw ȝe set ȝour cowrs to Italy; Doug. iii iv 85.
Set thi cours innarmor; Doug. v iv 7.
52. intr. To proceed, start, set out on (apon), for, to (a purpose, journey, goal, etc.); up (an incline); to do (something).
(1) One thus purpos quhene he was sat His fadyre sudanely he met; Leg. S. xxiv 287.
He thowcht To ger thame set swa for thare cuntré, that [etc.]; Wynt. viii 3853.
The pape may geve pardouns till all Cristin men that wald sett for the conquest of it [sc. the Halyland]; Hay I 105/9.
The schipman schrenkis the schour and settis to schor; Doug. viii Prol. 61.
From thence I set east-ward to Syragusa; Lithgow Trav. x 440.
I exhort you to set up the brae to the King's city; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 275.
I beseech you … set up the mountain, that ye and I may meet; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 443.
(2) Apon the morn thai set [E. send] to spy Quhar Scottis men had tane herbery; Barb. xiv 467 (C).
53. tr. To put (a person) til (an occupation), to, on (upon) work, a task, etc., also, to do (a task). Also, once, to set (an organisation) a worke, to cause (it) to function.
(1) For tha had na herytage … Thar modir til a crafte thaim set; Leg. S. xxxix 23.
At Blakbwrne wyth the Lord Berklay He wes set to full hard assay; Wynt. viii 5342.
Ane man … That neuer wald set him on assay withoutin his assent; Rauf C. 392.
Thair hindmest hand tha set not to the wark; Dalr. II 326/14.
It should set you upon diligence and importunity in inviting him, and wrestling with him, as Moses did; 1678 Welch in
Welsh Forty-eight Serm. 534.
After he had set him anes on warke [etc.]; Breve Cron. Earlis Ross 13.
(2) The comite has chosing & sett John Mason to wirk his craft owther at the kirk werk or at the brig werk; 1460 Ayr B. Ct. 3 Nov.
Than sett scho me to leir littill at the scule Nowdir lyk to be a wysman nor a fule; Colk. Sow ii 163.
(3) [It is] verie necessair for mony speciall considerationis that the cunȝee hous be sett a worke; 1611 Reg. Privy C. IX 177.
54. To cause (a person, oneself, etc.) to meet (another) in conflict or to act or behave in a hostile fashion. Const. to or aganis the adversary.
To set (persons) agayne (another) in haterent, to cause (them) to feel hostility, anger or hatred.
(1) Emenedus to Ladinis him sett, And Ladinis agane him stoutlie mett; Hay Alex. 3185.
Sewyn scor … agayne xvi war sett; Wall. iii 371.
Gif thair be ony stout carle, set me till him, and I sall gif him ane callado with ane stokado; 1570 Misc. Bann. C. I 48*.
In the heat of thais contentiounes, the heartis, tongues and pennis of Jerusaleme Watchemen ar … lyk razoris scharpit and sett ane againes ane uthir; 1607 Melvill 737.
(2) Gif he wald counsale thé to tak apon thé pure peple … for than sall he sett all thy leegies aganis thé in haterent; Hay II 153/22.
b. To set (a person, dog, etc.) on (upone) (another person) to cause (him, it) to become involved in an encounter with or attack on (another); to tip-off, put (a person) on to (another).
[They] set twa dogis upone hir; 1533 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 131.
He wes set quietlie be sum of the thevis on Johne Ormestoun … quha wes tane; Diurn. Occurr. 338.
Dorothy went throw severall houses seeking Jonet Macmaths mother to sett her on them; 1690 Cramond Kirk S. III 12 June.
IX. Senses apparently arising from a reversal of construction or by ellipsis.
55. To ornament (an object), decorate (a surface), inlay (metal, etc.) with (in) precious stones, gold, etc. also, with a picture or image. b. To surround a gemstone with other subsidiary stones.
(1) Set oure all is that vanis with brycht & schenand preciuse stanys; Leg. S. vi 277.
Cronis sat vith preciuse stanys; Leg. S. x 255.
With iaspe and beryall … And of imagery the quhilk thare was Set of gold; Alex. ii 6769.
A brassalet of gold sett with precious stanis; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 81.
A frete of the quenis oure set with grete perle; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 84.
Ane masar sett about the lippis with siluer; 1566 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 42.
Ane ring set with ane dyamant; 1558–9 Edinb. B. Rec. III 27.
Monile bacatum, the brotch that wes sett about with perle and pretious steanis; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. i 654.
Ane maisser set with siluer; 1623 Orkney & Shetl. Test. I 89.
A great jowall in forme of a feather, all sett with great and small diamonds; 1632 Montgomery Mem. 290.
1626 Edinb. Test. LIII 225 (see Petrinel n.).
(2) To set armes in metallis and colouris; c1500 Loutfut Poem on Heraldry (EETS, Extra Ser. 8, 9420).
Ane turkas ring set in gould; 1610 Edinb. Test. XLVI 166b.
(3) The feld Was siluer set with ane hert; Howlat 411 (A).
b. Ane mergreit set with stanes; 1506 Treas. Acc. III 246.
Ane gret emerod set about with dyamontis; 1600 Treas. Acc. MS 88.
c. transf. Of the heavens: Studded (with stars).
Aptum, sett, placit; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. iv 482.
56. To insert or place (windows) in (the walls of) a building, to provide (a building) with windows.
This palice … was … sett and lightit witht fyne glassin wondowis; Pitsc. I 336/17.
57. To plant (ground) with stakes, etc.
Folk he send … Gert set the ground with scharp spykis; Wall. x 42.
58. To invest, beset (a place) (with soldiers, etc.) for the purpose of interception or the capture of an enemy.
He … tauld how thai the way for his man sett; Wall. iv 56.
To Schortwode schaw, and set it all about, Wytht v staillis; Wall. iv 529.
With mony spy Gart sett the wod; Stewart 4125.
59. To beset, press (a person) hard (sair), to put (a person) under severe pressure (chiefly in battle). Freq. passive, to be in great straits. Also fig. const. sair.
Thir folk hes set vs hard this day; Alex. i 2105.
Than Bethok feld hyr rycht hard set, For hyr dowchtyr; Wynt. viii 1100.
He wes sete hard, … Thryis … bot ay he gat releffe; Wynt. viii 5410.
The forryowris thare hard war sete; For thai war off na fors to fycht; Wynt. viii 6206.
I sall hald that I haue hecht, bot I be hard set; Rauf C. 447.
fig. Quhat kin thing wes lufe, Quhilk now sett thé so sair; Scott xx 20.
b. To beset (a person) with enemies.
The ferd day quhen Leonyda Swa wyth his fayis he [wes] set; Wynt. iv 750.
60. Of a period of time: To be beset with rain.
The day was sumpart set with weit; Rolland Ct. Venus i 38.
61. In law: To set aside, reject.
That ony sic requisitue dilatour exceptioun being of probatie beis proponit aganis him as mycht sett or declyne ane ordinar schireff; Instit. Ct. Sess. in Edinb. Univ. MS La.iii.388a, 28b.
Thus an assiser was set (for that is the term of declining used in this case); Mackenzie Laws & C. ii xxii § 6 (1678) 498.
To object against a witness in our law, is called to cast a witness, or to set him; Mackenzie Laws & C. ii xxvi § 2 (1699) 265.
62. To sight or ‘make’ (land).
When they set land, some this, some that, doe gesse, this hill, that cape; Lithgow Trav. vii 328.
X. With prepositions in specialised senses.
63. intr. To set about, to begin, tackle (a task).
I purpose … to set about Hosea & to try if I can get it to the presse here; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1664) 189.
That this burghe … suld speidilie set about their duetie in the lyk; 1662 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 202.
The inlargeing of itt … to be sett about; 1681 New Mills Manuf. 6.
64. To set agane (in contrar), to oppose, act in a contrary fashion, controvert.
Ȝour words ar sa wonder wyse That na man may agane thame set; Alex. ii 165.
Gif it happin that he … Has done my lord to displeise … He salbe set agane, As I am trew knight; Gol. & Gaw. 168.
Sa aufully thai set, In contrar thaim the frayt folk mycht nocht stand; Wall. viii 366.
65. To set at, to attack.
But for follie to set at wit; Sir Eger 571.
66. To set on (upon), to attack.
Thai with speris swa him met And swa fele speris on him set That [etc.]; Barb. xiii 316.
Had he slayn him in the place quhare he set on him first, he had bene excusit; Hay I 196/31.
He sett on Arestes to do prowes; Hay Alex. 3654.
Brawle doggis … settis on the sory hound; Colk. Sow i 136.
Ye, in your creuell … malice, sett upon the said Johne; 1516 Caldwell P. 53.
Johne Roy cruwellie sett on the said James wyth ane sourd; 1564 Inverness Rec. I 109.
The said Elspet … set vpon hyr and drew her hayr; 1566 Inverness Rec. I 138.
Thai … lay in await … and set vpoun Henrie Seytoun; Diurn. Occurr. 197.
Allexander Stewart … manfullie sett vpone Schir Thomas Boyde in plaine battell; Pitsc. I 24/7.
Thay uar the nomber of 16 thait sait upoune me and ane of thaime hait me … vithe … ane halbard; 1581 Nugae Scoticae 36.
With al kynde of armour thay sett vpon the hartis; Dalr. I 19/32.
He sent the Southerland men … to draw a great compas about, and so to set vpon the backs and flanks of the Forbesses footmen; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 166.
[They] cruellie … assaulting and setting upon Alexander McDonald; 1665 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. II 63.
(b) Thai wyll syt on ws sar; Wall. x 690.
absol. With gret baldness … thay set stoutlie onn, doubteng na danger; Dalr. I 113/22.
XI. With adverbs in specialised senses.
67. To set by. a. To set aside. b. To bring to a stop. (Cf. 48 above.) c. To keep (a person) going, to provide with sustenance. Also in the later dial.
a. And he will settis by the dede of the lady; Hay I 197/32.
This quene … hir king persuaid to trow all that scho said … Bot ȝit scho was set by hir style, be gude counsall he had; Rolland Seven S. 1379.
b. And warne all thes who hes any victuall to grind the same betwixt and that tyme … appoynted to begine the work and the dam sett by; 1653 Peebles B. Rec. II 18.
c. Poor soul, thou canst never get thy fill; I wish to God thou got a soup and a drop to set thee by till then; Cant Serm. 1638 (1741) 18.
68. To set doun. a. To cause to sit. = 1 above.
a. In the myddis of the cite … he gert set be his kingis stull & seit hym done; Leg. S. l 765.
Makduff … askyd … till hys sete fra the awtare [That he sulde be the kyngis] ledare And in that set thare set hym downe; Wynt. vi 2259.
Set hir dovne gif hir drink; Howlat 799 (A).
Sum that war ryatous as rammis Ar nou maid tame lyk ony lammis, And settin down lyk sarye crockis; And hes forsaekin all sic gammis That men callis libbin of the pockis; Dunb. (OUP) 105/18.
b. To kneel. = Sit v. 12 j.
That … [he] sal cum … and set downe on his kneis; 1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I 7.
The said barnis behufit to enter in the kirk … and settis doun … on cauld stanis [etc.]; 1538–9 Prot. Bk. Thomas Johnsoun 35.
c. To cause to sit as a judicial or deliberative body. = 2 above.
Acestes … all the hedismen gadderis and set doun, Stabillis thar lawys [etc.]; Doug. v xii 175.
Some of the lords … made a phrase to sett down the session in the Palace of Linlithgow; 1637 Baillie I 43.
Albeit the Lord doth not set down his Court for executing justice so soon [etc.]; Dickson Psalms II (1653) 51.
d. To put down, lay down, deposit; to put in a place or in place; to put down one's foot as a sign of one's intention; also to erect boundary markers, (cf. 10 c).
(1) The poun than set he doun; Alex. ii 5907.
Gif he has na borrowis redy he ma stik doune his fute and say heir I sett doune my fute quhill I find borrowis; Barounis Lawis fol. 6.
All vittallis … present the merkat or it be set down in ony hous; 1527 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 85.
Clariodus … laid him on his hors nek him before And to the barras … Him buire and set him doun; Clar. v 2351.
Goods cumming thruch thair toun not beand sett doun thairin; 1611 Conv. Burghs II 323.
Thair is takin of everie stand sett doun for haulding of merchandice at … fairis ix sh.; 1618 Aberd. Council Lett. I 162.
To … clear the … highway, … and sett doun thrie pitt stones att every such place as they think fitt; 1692 Peebles B. Rec. II 138.
(2) The methes and merches set doun betuex the … properte of the said brught of Lanerk and the landis of Jeressuod; 1615 Lanark B. Rec. 124.
1665 Peebles B. Rec. II 64.
Haveing past upone the grund … did instantlie sett downe the merches thairof in lenthe southe and northe; 1673 Rothesay B. Rec. 250.
e. To cause to commence, to institute (an activity, institution, agreement, etc.); to install, set up (a person). Also const. infinitive object, to come to an agreement to do (something).
(1) Quhen a bataill is sett done and begunnyn in felde; Hay I 272/10.
Ye will find that Christ has not set down his institution to nobilitate [etc.]; R. Bruce Serm. 98.
[They] ontreulie informis the lordis … and sessioun that the said sukin is nocht sett doun for the commoun weill of the said burghe; 1608 Glasgow B. Rec. II 555.
Giff he wald sett doune with thame that … thay wald be his freindis … Quhairupoune thay sett doune als mekill as thay had of me Lord befoir; and sa, thay wer bund wp in bandis withe wtheris; Hist. Kennedy 23.
(2) My father hes sett me doune frie with my tuo salt pans and my threittie chalders of wicktuall be yeire peing all the debettes that I have contrackted; a1635 Wemyss in Sc. Diaries 121.
(3) Ane meitting … quhair the cuntry said thai sett doune to slay the Laird of Colȝeone; Hist. Kennedy 26.
f. specif. To sink (a coalmine).
[Sir James Richardson] hath … sett doune ane heid or coallpitt directly upon the petitioners ground; 1663 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I 388.
To Robert Hoggan & Thomas Falconer in earnest agreing to set doun the new sink; 1671 Dunferm. Coal Acc. 4b.
g. To make (a mark); to put down (marks) on paper or the like; to draw; to write down; to record in writing.
There may be some overlap, esp. of (3) with i (2) below.
(1) Thai left nocht sa mekill … vnwondit of ȝour precius body as to set doun a prene poynt; Dewoit Exerc. 109.
(2) The sworde and fir tree croceit [sc. the arms of the McGregors] beneath ane croun Ar fatall signes … By sum foirseing fellow weill set doun, Meit for suche lymmaris; Duncan Laideus Test. 173.
Quhen now we … haue sett doune … the boundes of hail Scotland, we sal do diligence … with a pinicill … to drawe the iles lying thairto; Dalr. I 54/6.
(3) The rest, … to be concludit and set down be comoun advyse, as … occasion sall minister; 1584 Melvill 184.
Whiche I culd sett doun by prwif (wer not for prolixitie); Fowler I 16.
According to the stent roll to be sett doun be the saids provest [etc.]; 1594 Aberd. Council Lett. I 57.
Mony rasouns persuadet me … the … actes of the natione … compendiouslie to sett doune; Dalr. I 1/5.
That I … mycht sett doun as in ane bredd or table, a certane ernist … affectione of the catholik religione; Dalr. I 1/7.
I uill shortlie sett doun to you … my aduyse; James VI Basil. Doron 121/8.
Fourtie pundis … set doun to me at my first entrie be the last clerk of register as ane dewe pertenyng to that service; c1596 M. G. Young in
The warrandis and actis of counsale maide and sett doun wherby [etc.]; 1613 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 131.
I haue set doun that … his freindschip withe thame … wes not so intime; 1616 Misc. Hist. Soc. II 177.
To sett doun the minutes of the bargan to be contracted; 1636 Edinb. B. Rec. VII 178.
As ye set doune in your lettir; c1637 Innes Sketches 520.
Most of whose names are sett doune in the margent of the 2d. page; 1649 Comm. Gen. Assembly II 185.
This platt was thought the best … that ever was devised or sett doun; Calderwood V 433.
Wan of the neck clothes must be taken of[f] for there was but tow [two] and heir is thrie sett downe; 1652 Aberd. Univ. Rev. XXXVI 121.
h. To put down, quell, suppress (civil disorder, crime, etc.); to disapprove, reprehend (an action).
That the murtheris, reiffis [etc.] … may be depressit and sett doune; 1529 Acta Conc. MS XXXIX 57.
Quhat was best to be done aganis … thair new reliegieoun and to sie quhat way thay might sett done the samin maist easalie; Pitsc. II 141/1.
He setteth down his action, and, certainly, it is worth nothing; Rollock Wks. II 33.
i. To lay down (a rate of payment, price, etc., cf. 41 above; also, a regulation, appointment, etc.).
(1) The saidis hagbutteris to be gratifeit with … ane hundreth merkis, by and attour the soume of money sett doune for ane daylie wage to thame; 1589 Glasgow B. Rec. I 135.
Accordding as thei will set down the rate; 1591 Haigh Mining P. iii ? 20 Oct.
Prices set downe to the signet, … For letters of law-borrowes … vj shilling, viij pen; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Feodum.
The pryce being sett reasonablie doune gif the mairchantis uill not bring it hame on the pryce, crye forraineris free to bring it; James VI Basil. Doron 91/4.
Ane liquidat summe set doun and modefeit be us parteis abone wretin; 1604 Shetland Sheriff Ct. (ed.) 148.
The unlaw that is sett downe for abuse off the kirk-yaird; 1616 Brechin Kirk S. 8 Oct.
The lordis … haue sett doun the pryces off all lettres actis infeftmentis and wreatis; 1621 Acts IV 616/2.
Breid … of the wecht … price sett doun; 1638 Stirling B. Rec. I 179.
Power … to appoynt modifie and set doune a … locall stipend; 1641 Acts V 401/1.
(2) The reullis thaire sett doune; James VI Basil. Doron 28/13.
Conforme to the act sett downe aganis the brackaris of the Sabboth; 1603 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 26.
Injunctiones and rewles sett doun and appointit be the reverend fathers; 1610 Laing MSS 114.
The place and tyme of meeting sett doun vnto thame; 1615 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 246.
69. To set fordwart(is, to cause to move forward, advance (something), to promote (a cause); to put forward, bring to notice (one's name); to further the cause or wellbeing of (a person).
(1) To … sett forwarte the commoun effaires of the countrey; Knox II 301.
All things which may set forward the policie; Scot Narr. 48.
To set forward and advance the liberties and freedom of Christ's kingdom; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 470.
(2) He causit to proclame … to set fordwart his name Quha wald cum thair to tornay [etc.]; Rolland Seven S. 1746.
(3) I leue to … my dochter tuentie merkis worth of my geir to set hir fordwartis in getting of hir euidentis; 1582 Edinb. Test. XI 21b.
That … Jane Campbell be sett fordwart to hir mariage, and hir tocher payit; 1584 Argyll Fam. Lett. 65.
70. To set furth(t, to furth(t set. a. To place, erect or build (something) (freq. in a position to the outside of a building or buildings).
To big, have and set furth fore staris afornent the kingis calsay … apoun hir tenement quhilk sche now biggis; 1515 Reg. Privy S. I 389/1.
For eschewing of evill doingis … that thair be nychtlie … lanternis and bowettis sett furth; 1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II 204.
That … baynefyres [be] sett furth throw the haill toun; 1593–4 Edinb. B. Rec. V 109.
The lichtis Johne Bell is to sett furth on the north syid wall of his hous; 1630 Linlithgow B. Rec. 13 Aug.
Ther were many beane fyres sett foorth in token of ioy; 1651 Lamont Diary 27.
b. To put out (apone a table).
The thynge set furth apone the table; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 133/18.
c. To send out; (to cause) to go out; to put (one's head) out; to send (a ship) on a voyage, to equip it for that purpose.
[He] set ane of his corbeis … furtht at his vindo; Compl. 182/5.
It may be grantit … to the merchantis of this realme, vpoun thair commoun chargis, to set furth ane schip; 1574 Conv. Burghs I 27.
In cittie nor in borroughstowne, May nane set foorth their heid; Hume 29/132.
He caused set furth the said James Glen his alone … in ane winter night; 1628 Stirling Ant. IV 187.
d. To let, lease. = 7 above.
The biggit land and akerris of the Burrowmure sett furth be the toun; 1516 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 160.
e. To present, put forward (a fact, etc.), to proclaim (a doctrine); to suggest (a course of action); to express (joy), to explain (how to do something).
(1) I … wold be glaid to have occatioun … to continew my sute; and thairfor wald have ȝow mair effectuisli to set furtht thingis to that purpois; 1544–5 Bk. Carlaverock II 27.
Sett ȝe nocht furth Godds wourd on hycht, And mak it cum vnto the lycht; Lauder Off. Kings 207.
There is na man settis furth transsubstanciacione mair quickly nor doise Ecolampadius. Be the contrar Luther … settis furth the real presence … and denyes transsubstanciacione; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 134/18.
The doctrine and ordour laitlie set furth at Geneva; Winȝet I 72/19.
And settis the samin furth as an article of ȝour beleif; Winȝet I 120/12.
Thay things that our histories settis furth, of Gathelus; Dalr. I 73/21.
(2) Let thame set furth ane meitter course; c1630 Old Ross-shire II 8.
(3) The grit blythnes and joy inestimabill For to set furth we Scottis ar nocht abill; Maitland in Maitl. F. 27/2.
I am nocht meit nor able to furth set How thow sall vse [etc.]; Maitland in Maitl. F. 34/17.
f. To put down in writing, to write and bring to publication, to publish (a literary work).
The nyxt verkis that I intend to set furtht; Compl. 18/4.
Mony beukis, quhilkis ar set furtht in diuerse cuntreis; Compl. 32/23.
A confutation sett furth in prent; 1559 Knox VI 45.
I sall set furth sic doingis als larglie … till his disprayze; Maitland Ho. Seytoun 46.
Ane Compendious Ressonyng … . Set furth be Maister Quintyne Kennedy; Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 148 title.
Ȝour confessioun, laitlie set furth at Geneua in Inglis; Winȝet I 79/17.
Men of excellent knawledge … that purposis to sett forth the historye of Scotland; Leslie 302.
I will thairfore set furth schortlie the [descrip]tioun of sic ane monsture not lang ago engendrit in Scotland; Buch. Wr. 43.
Set furth in Inglis meter be M. Johne Dauidsone; 1573 Dickson & Edmond Ann. Sc. Printing 260.
Mr. Henrie Charteris … presentit … ane wark in prent sett furth be the said Mr. Robert; 1600 Edinb. B. Rec. V 266.
Laitlie collected, writtin and set furth be [me] A. B.; Bisset I 3/13.
g. To issue (coinage).
That ane pece off layit money be imprentit and set furth; 1554 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 76.
Ane new … cvngyie in devysing to be sett furth; 1583 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 313.
That ane penney and twa penneyis of allayed money be … sett furth of tuelff grane fyne; 1588 Act Privy C. in Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 170.
i. To promote, further, enhance (a person's reputation, etc.). Cf. 69 above.
Greit tornamentis … That micht hald vp and furth set his honour; Rolland Seven S. 2794.
I sall furth set and further thy intent; Rolland Seven S. 4465.
Cerimoniis … necessar … to set furth and decoir thair commissioun; Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 160/35.
Euer gredie, and gaping still for more. And all this is, for to set furth ȝour pryde! Lauder Minor P. i 542.
In helping to sett furth Godis glorie; 1595 Misc. Bann. C. I 355.
j. To support (a person); to put (a person, oneself) forward as, for (something).
(1) How sall men haue to ȝow fauour … Ȝe are not worthe to be set forthe; Rolland Seven S. 1248.
(2) Being offendit that the monstrowous creatur sould sett him self fourtht as ane woman; Pitsc. I 146/6.
That na … persone set him self furtht for … maryner or tak hyre … except he be … qualyfeid therefoir; Bisset II 251/13.
71. To set in. a. To put (something) in place. b. To graft (a branch) in a tree. Only in Nisbet after Purvey. c. To put (a person) in a position, to appoint.
a. Turnand quhelis thai set in … Vndir the feit; Doug. ii iv 64.
Now the luf, thai slak, Set in a fang, and threw the ra abak; Doug. v xiv 7.
Sum with mesys gan the tabillys charge Ane other sort doith set in … The cowpys gret; Doug. xiii ix 24.
To cause sett in stones for meiths quher they ar wanting; 1655 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII 373.
Haveng set in certane tables and formes; 1661 Sc. N. & Q. 2 Ser. IV 2.
b. God sparit nocht the kindlie brannches … Ye, and thai salbe set in, gif thai duelle nocht in vnbeleue. For God is mychtj to set thame in agane. For gif thou art cuttit doun of the kindelie wyld oliue tre and aganes kynde art sett into a gude olyue tre [etc.]; Nisbet Rom. xi 24.
c. Giff ony skipper becumis seik … sua that his awneris will sett in ane vther skipper vpoun the schip; 1602 Conv. Burghs II 138.
72. To set off (af). a. ? To carry on, to manage.
Lat him stand till his hap and sett of as he may; him self is to wite; Hay I 182/15.
b. p.p. Separated (by an interval of time).
Thingis consawit quhan I was hynde Bein far sett of now and put from my mynde; Pitsc. I 4/16.
c. To mark off, separate, distinguish; specif. in the decoration of buildings, to cause one part to be distinctive in some fashion.
(1) They shall either of them … set of the ground for sawing of the saids corns together in one place; 1692 Peebles B. Rec. II 139.
(2) For painting and gilting the kingis armes abone the inner ȝet, … the housingis and crounellis to be set of in the best sort; 1628–9 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 255.
The armes and letteris to be set af in thair awin cullouris with gold and aisser; 1628–9 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 256, etc.
The timber wall to be set af in pannallis of licht cullour and the bandis in sad cullour; 1629 M. Works Acc. II 257.
1628–9 M. Works Acc. II 256, etc.
d. To cause (a ship) to start out on a voyage.
The boat was overloadned. They did not regard, but sets her off; Fraser Polichron. 472.
73. To set(t on(e. a. To put on (something); to fix on or attach; to put on (an article of dress); to set (a vessel) on the fire.
(1) He makes the wound, syne setteth on the plaister; Norvell Meroure 32b.
To sett one the same pesementis; Acc. Lady Bellenden 5.
For removes to the cairt horsis set on be the way; 1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 66.
A pair of cart quhellis and making 3 new schone to them and 36 nailles to sett them on with; 1618 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 105.
For building ane hous … setting on doores and windowes; 1653 Peebles B. Rec. II 9.
For setting on a horse shoo … on a split foot, 2 s. 8 d.; 1676 Cunningham Diary 71.
(2) Set on sandellis … Bot cast ȝour pantonis of; G. Ball. 195.
(3) All arose, And set on pans to make their brose; Colvil Whig's Suppl. (1751) 99.
b. To cause (something) to commence; specif. to start (a fire); to cause (a mill) to begin working.
(1) On Wallace sett a bykkyr bauld and keyn … Bauldly he schott amang thai men of wer; Wall. iv 547.
That a competent nomber of shippes … may be sett onto and maintained be the burrowes; 1626 Aberd. Council Lett. I 249.
(2) To big or sett on and byrne fyris; 1581–2 Elgin Rec. I 165.
Accusit for setting on a fyre on the calsey … on Midsymmer Evin; 1608 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 61.
To cause sett on balefires; Calderwood V 293.
(3) The millaris … sett on the myln and grind on Sonday; 1619 Perth Kirk S. 27 Sept.
1621 Dumbarton B. Rec. App.i 3.
A bairn … was taken to the mill of Balhousie and put in the flapper thereof and the mill set on; 1634 Perth Kirk S. in Spottiswoode Misc. II 311.
c. To be determined to do (something).
Thair wes nane auentur that mocht … ger him let To do the thing that he wes on set; Barb. i 300.
d. To attack.
[They] sett on fercelie wpoun the lape and winge of the laird of Ballclucheis feild; Pitsc. I 314/28.
74. To set owr, to convey (nets) over or to the other side of (a stretch of water to be fished).
Cf. similar use in late ME (c1400) (OED set v. 150 a).
Sall stand at the thre stanis, the man with the land toll, and pas vp and set owr thar nettis with routh with a tow of xxiiij fadom; 1467 Reg. Dunferm. 359.
75. To set out. a. To place, put in a position.
Than was the quhete … And instrumentis to purge it swith out set; Doug. i iv 38.
He hid himsellff and set out his gowne at ane holl of the stair; Pitsc. II 222/32.
Them that … setts out beanfyres; 1581 Bk. Univ. Kirk II 536.
Beanefyres wer set out and dancing and playing vsit in all pairtes; Moysie 113.
b. To cause (a part of a building) to project on to publicly owned ground, to build (a stair, etc.) in such a fashion.
That thai [sc. the mason craft] nor nane of thame, sett out … ony stair pendice [etc.]; 1600 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 10 July.
Licence … to sett out his stair in the Newraw; 1609 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 62.
For his pentis set out upoun the comontie; 1609 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 62.
c. To express, describe in words.
Prayers set out at mair lenth to the same effect is commendabil … as declaratioun of the same; Hamilton Cat. 249.
Ȝour beleif set out in ȝour Confessioun at Geneua; Winȝet I 86/17.
Thair ar hid … Grave materis … Vnder the workis of poyetis … Thairfoir be war that thow consent To blame thir heir setowt; Bann. MS 298b/8.
d. To publish, disseminate, distribute (information, books, etc.), to issue (a proclamation), to promulgate (laws).
Baith be buikis set out, and be pictures and be cryis in the darke nicht; Buch. Detect. (1727) 25.
Buch. Detect. (1727) 26.
There is diverse books sett out be Jesuits … dayly inbrought in this countrey; 1574 (c1650) Bk. Univ. Kirk I 306.
Quhat euer he purpoisit to do he set it out vnder the pretence of the king quhairby the puir … sould tak the grettar feir … to dissobey him; Pitsc. I 19/5.
Robert Melwene … with that bischop went about, To sett his feinȝeit falsett out; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 646.
The buik quhilk he sett out of Brittanie the mair; Dalr. II 224/17.
He … sett out lawis to be ratifiet; Dalr. I 275/7.
King Gregorie … setis out … gud lawis; Dalr. I 281/9.
There is a proclamation sett oute againes Sir James Makdonald; 1615 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 247.
e. To set out in hyregang, to hire out.
Caldronis set out in hyregang; 1621 Edinb. Test. LI 99b.
f. To fit out, equip (a ship, military company, etc.); ? to commence a voyage.
(1) Gif ane awner settis out his schip in daill furing [etc.]; 1602 Conv. Burghs II 134.
This company … is … to be furnished and sett oute with there galayes [etc.]; 1615 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 245.
Of the leivie of foot, quhilkis ar to be sett out at this tyme for his majesties service; 1672 Glasgow B. Rec. III 160.
(2) Thes is the count of our compeneye hiret to Spane … Wellem Baleketer half tone to set out Jhone Coueye ane tone set out; c1599 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 37a.
76. To set to. a. To put in position; specif. to close (gates). Cf. 12 above.
Thai … set the ȝettis til; Leg. S. xxxiii 288.
The ledderis were sett to; Bann. Trans. 122.
The pairtie without, settand to thair leddaris … to haue clume the said castell; Diurn. Occurr. 297.
b. To begin (to do something).
Then sett he to, with saill and ayre, To seik some lowner harbore; 1584 Sempill in Sat. P. xlv 155.
I beseech you, set to, to go through Scripture; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 226.
Love though it get many back-sets, yet it sets ay to again, and will not give over; Renwick Serm. 485.
c. in fig. context. To attach or apply (one's approval) to (as in the manner of a seal), to approve.
I adhere and sweetly sets to my testimony to the covenant of redemption; 1684 Cloud of Witnesses 215.
I desire to set to my seal to the faithfulness of these two men … And I set to my seal to all their proceedings; 1684 Cloud of Witnesses 216.
Where is the Christian that will not set to his seal of approbation to this truth; Renwick Serm. 490.
77. To set up. a. To put in an elevated or prominent position; to put in an appropriate or pre-determined position; to fit, fix in position. b. To place in an upright position, to erect; also, to cause (bristles) to become erect.
a., b. (1) To the wall thai sped thaim … And … has wp thar ledder set; Barb. x 405.
The hewid … he set it vpe besid his falde; Leg. S. ii 354.
That payntyd ymage … fyne In publiyk place he set wp; Wynt. i 1655.
That the march stane … be set up quhar it stud befor; 1492 Reg. Episc. Morav. 244.
To the watchmen … to hous the new paralingis, and to bring furth the ald to set thaim vp; 1496 Treas. Acc. I 325.
[He] The armys of Troy has set vp in memor; Doug. i v 38.
That myschancy monstre, quently bet, Amyd the hallowit tempill vp was set; Doug. ii iv 86.
To Thom Peblis, glassinwrycht, for … glas maid and set up in the palas; 1516–17 Treas. Acc. V 115.
To … perceave quhair ane Inglisman set the croun vp in keiping; Pitsc. I 196/30.
Thai reformit the ald sett and sett it vp in the rud loft; 1586 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. II 388.
We sett up my napkins for marks; 1688 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XXVII 149.
For … doubs in the wall to sett up the knock; 1705 Foulis Acc. Bk. 369.
(2) The bustuus swyne … Standis at the bay, and vp his byrsys settis; Doug. x xii 58.
c. To erect, put together, build (a structure).
Some examples may belong in a or b above.
Thar apon the strand Settis vp ane altare; Doug. iii vi 97.
To sex men to help to sett up the rest of the mydbrandrauth; 1554–5 Edinb. Old Acc. I 149.
To … set up the jebait; 1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I 281.
That ane pair joges be sett vp vpoun the goves; 1589 Glasgow B. Rec. I 138.
Ane lapster nett … sett up, and placed … at the Gray Hoip within the Girdlenes; 1592 Aberd. B. Rec. II 74.
To mak ane cokstuilles to be sett up at the directioun of my lord provest; 1597 Edinb. B. Rec. V 197.
Four standing beddis … set vp at the mynis … [and] ane langsaidile set vp in George Bruces chalmer; 1609 Mining Rec. 143.
No beane fyres wer set up; 1625 Banff Ann. II 25.
The bodie of that church is as yet to sett vp; 1634 Bentinck Dornoch 212.
That whilk God casts down by his awin hand … man is over pert … to set it up again; Henderson Serm. 180.
Licence to set up a stage in Edinburgh; 1684 Lauder Notices Affairs II 531.
d. To put (a clock, etc.) in working order; to set (an hour glass) to work.
That the said awld knok be … sett vp in the belhous at the Hie Schole; 1584–5 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 403.
That he sall mak and sett up ane sufficient gangand knok in the said weyhous; 1614 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 118.
Mr. Mylls … to tak doun dight mynd and sett up the great knoak of the touns steiple; 1653 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII 328.
To set up two razours; 1680 Foulis Acc. Bk. 49.
[To] sett up the plugh; 1681 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds II 115.
Ane halfe hour glass being sett upe; 1685 Kirkintilloch B. Ct. 135.
f. To display (a notice); ? to display (food for sale).
(1) In this meyn tyme wer mony placards set oup; 1568 Anderson Collect. Mary II 273.
Thair was ane that set up ane bill in oppin place; Buch. Detect. (1727) 32.
Thair was set up ane wryting in the maist notorious place of the court; Buch. Detect. (1727) 32.
(2) That na brother … sett vp meat owtwith thair bwithe … in respect that ony open tavernar of our craft suld haife sett vp meat in thair howss and in speciall in thair hall [etc.]; 1608 St. A. Baxter Bks. 72.
g. To drive up, cause to fly up.
To ij childer that chasit dukis … and set thaim vp to the halkis; 1496 Treas. Acc. I 305.
h. To cause to catch fire or burn.
And sho set quicklie vp into a litle wie low; Wyf Awcht. 87 (K).
i. Of persons, etc.: lit. To put in a more or less elevated place (usu. with the implication of eminence or superiority). Also fig. To raise to eminence, authority or superiority.
lit. Thane Josaphus the met gert dycht, & set vpe Tytus, … to the bowrde as thare oure-mane; Leg. S. vii 612.
Margaret Hochan … is set wp in the belhouse till she fynd cautioun; 1654 Dumfries Kirk S. 21 Sept.
Three priviledges given to Makduffe … . The first that the Earle of Fife suld set vp the king in his chyre, the time of his coronation; Skene Verb. S. (1599) s.v. Clan-Makdvf.
fig. I was set vp abone the laif; Lynd. Compl. Bagsche 156.
Bot hoping promotioun … to benefices … and … thai mak thame to set up the quenis authoritie; Buch. Wr. 24.
Sa the Lord chuses the ignobill and sillie creatures, and settis them up above kingis; Rollock Wks. I 410.
proverb. I sall tak yow doun and set yow up brane new; Carmichael Prov. No. 1002.
j. To start up, put into operation (a shop, factory, household, etc.); once to set up shop. Also absol.
And or he sett wp buthe that he be examit be … the … craft; 1500 Edinb. B. Rec. I 80.
To the Franch armorar to set up his harnas myln; 1502 Treas. Acc. II 143.
Ilk man of the said craft that settis up ane buth sall pay 40 schillingis; 1525 (1527) Reg. Great S. 96/2.
1569 Glasgow Cordiners 252.
I leiff to … my secund dochtir … to set vp hir hous withall … the tymber wark and houshald geir as eftir followis; 1610 Edinb. Test. XLVI 175b.
John Huntar … gave in a petition … for setting vp a manufactorie of his trade; 1647 Acts VI i 794/2.
To set vp ane manufactory for the makeing of all sorts of neidles; 1661 Acts VII 275/1.
It sall nocht be leasoune to any cordoner or tanner to sett wp ather buith or hous … for working their tred; 1666 Glasgow B. Rec. III 81.
I resolved to set up shop again; 1675 Sel. Biog. II 136.
absol. How far it is the intrest of the royall borrowes to accept of all merchants or michanicks of all sorts … to set up ther; 1695 Conv. Burghs IV 204.
k. To organise, arrange (an event), perhaps specif. to set out the objects, etc. required.
The said bishopp … then immediatly sett up their idolatrous Messe; for there wes altars already built; 1559 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 73.
l. To equip (a ship) for a voyage.
All thes vos depu[r]set quhen [the ship] went ferst vt & wos set vp agane 1284 li.; Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 22.
m. To create, establish (a state of things, form of government, etc.).
To plant … ane manifest confusion and vter extermination of this realme,—setting vp ane peple heidles left of God; Winȝet I 7/11.
Ony new doctrine … set vp laitlie; Winȝet I 131/3.
[He] socht to mak ane other change of court and set vp new play agane; Buch. Wr. 46.
When the presbyteriall government was comming to be set up over all England; 1646 R. Baylie Historical Vindication.
So … His kingdome may be sett up amongst us; 1655 Mouswald Kirk S. 9 Dec.
n. To set up for, to stand up for, support.
[I] hope, that your Honours will set up for what is the real and true interest of your country; Belhaven Rudiments 42.
He always set up for a newter or balsamike man; 1705 Annandale Corr. 219.
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