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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2000 (DOST Vol. VIII).

Senat(e, n. Also: senage, sinnat. Pl. also senattis. [ME and e.m.E. senaht (Layamon), senat (Chaucer), senas (14th c.), senate (c1460), F. sénat (OF sened, sené, c1119 and c1155 in Larousse), L. senāt.]

1. An assembly or council with deliberative and legislative functions; a governing body. a. The Senate of ancient Rome.The form senage occurs only in Wynt., in passages based on the med. L. of Martinus Polonus.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xxix 352.
& al the hale senat [sc. of Rome] alsa
1490 Irland Mir. I 10/27.
Quhen the nobile and wis counsall of Rome, the senate, tuk the gouernaunce of the cite and land
1533 Bell. Livy I 144/8.
The senate … ceissit nocht to interteny the pepill with maist plesand wourdis & dedis
1533 Bell. Livy I 227/24.
The consulis convenit the senate to ane counsell
1549 Compl. 110/13.
The said kyng … manneist nobil Pompeus to reueil the secret counsel of the senat
(b) c1420 Wynt. iv 1827.
Off Rome gaddryd the senage [C. senage, W. senage] And ordanyd till wndo all Cartage
c1420 Wynt. iv 2107.
Tharefore the senage [C. senage] a clethyng Made thame, in takyn off murnyng
c1420 Wynt. v 1007.
All, as he [sc. Agrippa] saw this on the nycht, To the senage [C. senage] he tald hale
(c) a1561 Norvell Meroure 19a.
The whole world could not … Them [sc. the Romans] venques whill God … Sewe in their sinnat, ciuile seditione

b. Applied to the governing body of Venice. 1669–70 Lauder Jrnl. 229.
Monsieur Annand … hes bein so hylie complemented for that his service by the Venetian senat that [etc.]

c. Applied to the town councils of Aberdeen and Edinburgh. 1629 Lowther's Jrnl. 36.]
[There is one part of the college [sc. Edinburgh University] built by the Senate and people of Edinburgh
1653 Marischal Coll. Rec. 272.
I bequeath to the Senat of Aberdeine tua hundreth pounds sterling money … towards the mantenance of tua poore schollers

d. ? The College of Justice. a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI 164.
The king directit his commissioners to the Senat to inhibit thayme to proceid in any maner of justice or to geve out lettres in nayme of the regent bot in his majesties awin nayme; and that fra thyne furth thay sould acknaulege na uther auctoritie bot of his majestie

2. ? = Synod n. a1651 Calderwood IV 491.
That the Generall Assemblie sall choose out a senat or presbyterie of the most learned and godlie ministers within his bounds … to have the oversight of in visitatioun, which sall be onlie used by advice of the presbyterie

3. A member of a Senate. = Senatour n. a1561 Norvell Meroure 58b.
When sindry senates had maid an band
1581 Sempill Sat. P. xliii 87.
Julius Cesar … Slaine be his senatis, schamefully in deid
1581 Sempill Sat. P. xliii 210.
To keip sic senattis it sall decore ȝour land

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"Senat n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 6 Oct 2022 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/senate>

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