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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2000 (DOST Vol. VIII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Seg(e, Seig(e, v. Also: seigh, seidge, seage, siege, sa(i)ge. [ME and e.m.E. sege (14th c.), siege (Gower), sedge (1515); Sege n.2 Cf. also Assege v., Besege v.] tr.

1. To lay siege to, besiege. a. A place. b. A person (also, in a place). Also fig.a. pres. 1375 Barb. xvii 511.
Thai that lay segeand [C. segande] the toun
c1420 Wynt. vii 2560 (W).
c1475 Wall. viii 910, etc. c1515 Asl. MS I 322/4.
Olefernus seging it [sc. Jerusalem] figuris the feynd invading mannis saull
1516–17 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 80.
That the said Erll of Ergile persew Donald of the Ilis … and sege his hous incontinent
1533 Douglas Corr. 141.
I do fer that the Scotes sal com wyt ane powar til seg the Cawffmills
a1568 Bann. MS 79a/21.
To ly in bed and sege ane strang castell … It may weill ryme bot it accordis nocht
(b) 1489 Treas. Acc. I 142.
Quhen the king raide to seige Dumbertane
1528 Douglas Corr. 131.
1535 Stewart 15220.
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 30/19.
To seige that toun that sa stranglie did stand
a1578 Pitsc. II 168/21.
1596 Dalr. II 312/23.
The Frenche men stoutlie seiges the toun
(c) a1578 Pitsc. II 119/14.
The quein desyred the lordis and the airmye to pas in Ingland and to seage Wark
1596 Dalr. II 279/6.(d) 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 45.
p.t. 1375 Barb. x 114 (C).
Till Dunstaffynch richt suddanely He past, and segit it sturdely
c1475 Wall. vii 990.
The Turat bryg [they] segyt with all thair mycht
(b) a1500 K. Hart 858.
The castell all about He seigit fast with mony sow and gyne
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 1146.
And sa this squyer amorous Seigit and wan the ladies hous
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6160.
On the seuint day thay seigeit the toun sa fast
1572 M. Napier Mem. J. Napier 131.
The company of Edinburgh … past furth and seigit Merchistone
a1578 Pitsc. I 111 h. of ch.
a1578 Pitsc. I 300/17.
This nobill regent lape manfullie about the house and seigit [1814 seidgit] it continuallie quhill thay randerit the samin
(c) a1578 Pitsc. II 105/7.
The Inglismen … tuik the castle of Hume and Fastcastell and seagit thame ane lang tyme
1596 Dalr. II 295/1.
(d) a1578 Pitsc. (1728) 131.
He … past to Wark, and sieged it
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 3.
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 31, etc.
p.p. c1460 Wisd. Sol. (STS) 431.
Oft-tyme has ben hard that a gret cete has ben segit with a gret prince
1515 Treas. Acc. V 45.
For the supporting of Makkanis hous quhene it wes first to be segit be Schir Donald Ylis
1573 Sempill Sat. P. xxix 89.
The castell segit, and all beset about
1596 Dalr. II 444/19.
(b) 1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 279.
That my hous be nocht seiget and my gudis and corniis nocht takan away
1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 280.
(c) c1590 J. Stewart 12/26.
Persauing Paris seidged
(d) a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 959.
It is eath winning the castell was never seaged
b. pres. c1475 Wall. iv 494.
Or Sothron men suld sege him in that place
1513 Doug. ix ii h. of ch.
Turnus segis the Troianys in gret ire
(b) c1575 Balfour Pract. 534.
Gif ony man chaisis and seiges ony of the king's lieges within ane house and place … he … may be chargit to enter his persoun in ward
1596 Dalr. I 305/8.
Sa hard and scharpe thay seige the king in Berth
p.t. 1502 Treas. Acc. II 344.
To pas to freith the Lard of Weym, quhen Neil Stewart segit him
1596 Dalr. I 304/20.
In this castell [he] seiget him sa strait that na way he saw to flie
p.p. c1515 Asl. MS I 186/11.
The Troianis … quhen thai war segit baid at thair defence
1531 Bell. Boece I 87.
That thay suld not be segit within thair strenthis, thay brocht thair army to the planis
1533 Bell. Livy I 246/28.
And baith his self & his army segeit be inemyis
(b) 1535 Stewart 53614.
Hir lord wes slane, hir self seigit also
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 311/90.
Quha will cum releif ȝou And ȝe be seigit sair
1596 Dalr. II 310/23.
Quhill the Inglismen war seiget (in a certane monestar) … with gret cumpanies of Scotis and Frenche men of weir [etc.]
1596 Dalr. II 312/26.
The Inglis protectour intendis to supplie thair necessitie quha ar seiget in Hadingtoune

c. fig. 1456 Hay II 70/3.
His hert a noble duelling place for the vertues … kepe well that castell place and duelling, that it be nocht our sett na segit with vicis
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1134.
Temptationis, Beirand to mynd mony thochtis vane, That daylie sagis men of religiounis
1596 Dalr. I 290/8.
Nather mett he with ony quhais honestie he seiget nocht and won, outher be requeist or sum propyne or than throw force
1596 Dalr. I 305/11.
Gif he had nocht … brokne in vpon thame sairer seiget with wyne nor the castell with men

d. absol. and intr. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 6375.
As to this king that lay seiging
1596 Dalr. II 424/2.
Thair trauel tha tint and thair tyme, ȝit tha seiget verie scharplie
1579, 1617 Despauter (1617).
Obsideo, to siege or cirkle about

2. ? To set (something) in its place or ‘seat’, to ‘seat’, to ‘bed’, to install. Also absol. and ellipt. c1420 Wynt. iii 1086.
Quhare evyr that stane yhe segyt se, thare sall the Scottis be regnand
1529–30 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 15.
For xvii werk dais befor Youle and efter remanand with the masonis forsaidis and segand and berand stanis to thaim
1529–30 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 17.
To Robert Johnestoun and William Huchesoun segand and [blank] baromen witht the masonis to thair vagis this wolk
1529–30 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 21.
To four verkmen … segand the masonis and virkand in the lyme fald
1529–30 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 22.
To vi verkmen … segand and berand hewin werk fra the hewaris

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"Seg v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Jun 2024 <>



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