A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Sederunt, n. [L. sēdērunt they were sitting, f. sedēre to sit. Also in the later dial.]
1. In minutes of various courts, used (in its Latin sense) to introduce the list of members of the court present.
Orig. employed in minutes written in Latin, or in which the names and titles of those present were Latinised, e.g. in Acta Aud. (1466-), Acta Conc. (1478-), Acts (1503-), Acts Sederunt (1532-) and Reg. Privy C. (1545-).
[Quarta dies parliamenti viz. xo Octobri sederunt domini auditores praedicti; 1466 Acta Aud. 4/1.
Sederunt dominj subscriptj Episcopi Glasguensis, Abirdonensis, [etc.]; 1503 Acts II 247/1.
Sederunt Cardinalis Cancellarius. Episcopi-Candidecase, Orchadensis [etc.]; 1545 Reg. Privy C. I 1.]
Sederunt Arrane, Montrois, Thirlstane [etc.]; 1585 Reg. Privy C. III 750.
Sederunt, the earle Marischall, the lord bishop, Mr. Alexander Ross [etc.]; 1675 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 339.
After prayer sederunt in session the minister [etc.]; 1689 Cramond Kirk S. III 26 Dec.
Tarboltoun 11th Decer 1695 Sederunt Mr. Patrick Crawford chosen Modr. Ja: Richmond; 1695 Ayr Presb. 11 Dec.
b. As a vernacular noun: The members, collectively, present at a particular sitting of a court.
The sederunt of this day meating with thesse that wer formerlie meat of the auchtene of Maij of that sederunt does all vnamouslie (sic) aggrie [etc.]; 1669 Edinb. Surgeons II p. 39.
2. A sitting of a court. Also buik of sederunt, the book of record of such a court.
(1) The bell having ceissit, the sederunt buke sall be presentit to the President, quha … sall clois ilk dayis sederunt writand una cum and the lordis quha cumis efter the bell beis ceissit; 1593 Acts Sederunt ii 22.
The congregation was few in number, and ther was not a sederunt of elders; 1652 Canisbay Kirk S. in Stat. Acc. Scot. XV 25.
To send … a minister to moderat and preside here this day fourtnight, at their sederunt; 1693 Cramond Kirk S. III 28 March.
The sederunt closed with prayer; 1699 Minnigaff Par. Rec. 18.
The counsell declaired they would att ther nixt sederunt … appoynt ane committie … in order to prepaire a report of the whole matter; 1704 Edinb. Univ. Chart. 156.
(2) Conform to ane speciall warrand … by our said umquhile great grandfather which is ȝit recorded in your buiks of sederunt; 1628 Acts Sederunt II 39.
b. Act of Sederunt, an ordinance of the Court of Session, designed to regulate judicial procedure in the Court.
At the first institution of our Senat, it was appointed by an Act of Sederunt, that [etc.]; Mackenzie Pleadings Pref. A 2.
The Lords refused the bill, alledging, his lawyers … knew not the laws nor Acts of Sederunt; 1676 Lauder Notices Affairs I 116.
Yet frequent agreeing decisions are more effectual than acts of sederunt themselves, which do easily go into desuetude; Stair Inst. i i § 16.
1687 Lauder Notices Affairs II 797.
To revise the whole Acts of Sederunt … and to take notice and remark what Acts of Sederunt are in use and what decisions should be held for practiques to be still adverted to in judgement; 1695 Acts IX 455/1.
The Lords considered that a common haver of a writ by the act of Sederunt is bound no farther; 1696 Fountainhall Decis. I 732.
3. Remuneration for attendance at a day's sitting, payable to a lord of session.
For further details, see Bisset I 152/24 and note in III 130.
That quhatsomever lord shall admitt any informer or solliciter within his house … shall loss and forfalt his sederunt of that day, to accress to the remanent Lords, observers of this statute; 1632 Acts Sederunt ii 45.
That noe ordinar lord shall pas from the inner house to the wtter house without licence of the president; and, if they faylȝie, to tyne that daye's sederunt; Hope Major Pract. II 26.
4. A list of the members of the court present at a sitting of a court.
The sessione ordained that in all tyms coming the sederunt of the sessione sould be … insert in this or [sic] register; 1648 S. Leith Rec. 84/1.
Sederunt-buke, a book of record containing the record of the sittings of a court (= buik of sederunt in 2 above). Sederunt-day, the day appointed for a sitting of the Court of Session. Sederunt-house, a building in which sittings were held; ? the Court of Session.
(1) 1593 Acts Sederunt ii 22 (see 2 (1) above).
The Lordis of Sessioun and Exchekker, whose names ar insert in the Sederunt bookis of Sessioun and Exchekquair; 1619 Reg. Privy C. XII 8.
The sederunt buikis, quhairin the saidis lordis actis, and statutis ar writtin and inserte; Bisset I 75/6.
Bisset II 278/19.
Ane of the clerks to wrytt the lords' sederunt booke at 9 houres; Hope Major Pract. II 25.
(2) That every sederunt day, the minute booke be read out fully, that the leidges be not delayed or necessitat to attend; 1672 Acts VIII 85/2.
Unless the petition be given in within the space of two sederunt days after pronounceing of the decreet; 1677 Acts Sederunt II 137.
(3) John, Earl of Montrose … in whose time that line was written in the sederunt house; Et bibulo memini consule nil fieri; Scot Staggering State (1872) 45.
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"Sederunt n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jan 2022 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/sederunt>
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