A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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S(c)hape, Schaip(e, v. Also: schap, shaip, schaype, s(c)heap(e, schepe, scheip. P.t. s(c)hup(e, schwpe, s(c)huip(e, schoup(e, schope, schoipe, shoop(e; schape, schapit; schep. P.p. schapin(e, -yn(e, -en, schaipin(e, shaippin, shapin, -en, chapin; schappin, shappen; schape, s(c)haip(e; shaped; scepit; yschappit; ischape, yschape. [ME and e.m.E. scape (Cursor M.), schep- (c1315), shappen (Chaucer), p.t. scop (Cursor M.), shupte (Piers Plowman), shoop (Chaucer), shope (c1400), p.p. shapenn (Orm), issape (1297), shape (Chaucer), shaped (c1300), OE scieppan, scóp, scapen.]

I. To create or fashion.

1. tr. Of God or the Fates: To create. All oure kynde … Lyk made to Gode and schapyne wes; Wynt. i 75.
All ȝon be thai sawlys quhamto, by the fatis hie, Bene other bodeis eftir this yschape [Ruddim. ischape]; Doug. vi xi 69.
Thou wald nocht sacrifice and offring; bot thou has schapen a body to me; Nisbet Hebrews x 5.
Jehova … schupe my saule to his similitude; Bann. MS I p. 50/65.
Which the mighty God of heaven shoop; Sinclair Satan's Inv. World 23.

b. To re-create in a fresh form. Const. noun complement of the form given. That ȝe wald cry apon Crist … To schape me a schand bird in a schort space; Howlat 112 (A).

c. To produce, bring into being (a non-material thing). Also said of circumstances. The beginning of lufing Hes shapin to vs the barganing; Alex. ii 6052.
God schup thole, gif man micht byde it; Carmichael Prov. No. 608.

d. To bring into being by a natural process. It is hard to a man to knaw how the banis of barnis ar chapin in thar mothiris wambe; Wisd. Sol. (STS) 479.
As quhen the byrnand sonnys bemys brycht The watry clowd persand … Schapys the figour of the quent rayn bowe; Doug. viii x 66.

e. To be … schapin for, to be specially fitted, apt, or marked out (to do something). That the douchty lord Dowglas Best schapyn [C. schapen] for that trawaill was; Barb. xx 216.
By the goddis abufe … Tobe callyt and schaip [Sm. shaip, Ruddim. schaipe] for this mater; Doug. viii viii 134.
Mr. Robert Farguison a pregmattick head, who kendled a fire in our university at Aberdeen anno 1654, … is shapen certainly for mischeefe; Fraser Polichron. 428.

2. To make out of already existing materials. Thys goddes than furth of ane boys clowd In lyknes of Ene dyd schaip and schrowd A voyd figur; Doug. x xi 82.
Noe … schupe ane schip into the hele of his hous; Nisbet Hebrews xi 7.

3. To give (something) a definite shape, by carving, etc. [He] fand a tre and it schapit With his tetht; Leg. S. ii 839.
Iris … flaw vp … schapand quhar scho went A gret rane bowe; Doug. ix i 35.
Now gif ȝe wirk wyislie and schaip it precyslie The elwand wald be grit and lang; a1568 Sempill Sat. P. xlviii 65.

b. p.p. Given, or having, a certain shape, freq. one specified as pleasing or unpleasing, well-made, etc. (a) Small with ressoun and schapin wele; Alex. ii 2577.
Hir face and hir middle small Portured and shapin suthfastly; Ib. 3863.
Syne schir schapyn to schawe mony schene scheld With tuscheis of trast silk tichit to the tre; Howlat 404 (A).
Trewlie that tenefull was trimland than, Semelie schapin and schroud in that scheild schene; Rauf C. 459.
Twa syluer coppis schapyn lyke a boyt; Doug. v v 44.
The quhilk stedis schapyn at all delyte; Ib. xii ii 83.
Bell. Boece I xlix (see Schapen ppl. adj. 1 a).
Ane strang man of personage weill schapin in portratour, that is to say weill braint in legis, and armes weill schoulderit, fair plessant faceit [etc.]; Pitsc. II 17/16.
A monster in the sea, shapen like; James VI Poems I 93.
Ane great diamond schapine lyke a heart; 1640 Innes Sketches 508.
(b) Thar was alsso craftely schape and mark That namekouth hows quhilk Laborynthus hait; Doug. vi i 42.
A … garmond … schaip lyke a hempyn saill; Ib. viii i 34.
(c) They have plenty of large fish shaped like a makreill; 1699 Anal. Scot. I 355.

c. specif. Of a flight of birds: In formation of the shape specified. Palamedes byrdis … Fleand on randon, schapyn like ane Y; Doug. vii Prol. 120.

d. intr. To take on a certain shape. Hir trace quhar scho [sc. Iris] went, Schupe [Ruddim. schape] lyke a bow of diuers hewis ment; Doug. v xi 18.

4. tr. Of a tailor, etc.: To cut or fashion (a garment, etc., cloth or leather). Also to schape up, to make up (a garment). Also in fig. context and absol. See also Schapen ppl. adj. 2. (1) It was ordand for him … or euir cot or govne was schapin for him; Irland Mir. II 141/3.
To schaipe and sew to spyn & weif perfyte All thing to vs that langit woll or lyn; Bk. Chess 642.
Nor ȝit na tailȝour that schapis with scheiris … Maist principillie to schaip thair grayth In hell for steiling heir of clayth; Rowll Cursing 237 (M).
With habyt schapyn on surrugyn mak; Doug. xii vii 45.
I leird telȝeouris … To schaip fyve quarteris fra a goun; Lynd. Sat. 4119 (B).
Giffin to the tailȝiouris that helpit to waill the taffettis & schoipe thame; 1549 Edinb. Hammermen 181b.
Albeit this be schaipin, I fear it salbe evill sewit, for me lord of Argyll; 1563 Cal. Sc. P. II 75.
I leif to my sister douchter … sum lynning claithis chapin to hir body; 1576 Edinb. Test. IV 214.
That nane … schaip or horne pointis, schaip or mak purssis nor hald servandis to do the same; 1605 Glasgow Skinners Addition to Seal of Cause (Donaldson Suppl., s.v. Horn).
Claies shappen and cutted to be worne; Skene Reg. Maj. i 136.
He caused bring in to the tolbuith of Selkirk a nolt hyde to have shaippin the same; 1628 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II 442.
Gloves schaipine & presentlie schewing; 1641 Edinb. Test. LIX 286.
Andrew Patrik … stayed their with his sone sheaping the breeks and drinking the quart aill; 1649 Cupar Presb. 138.
(2) [They] schupe thame vp, to lowp our leis, Twa tabartis of the tartane; Sym & Bruder 19.
fig. Quhat ȝe do schaip, the Lord himself dois sew; 1571 Sat. P. xxvi 59.
absol. That na cordiner … sal schap and bark in the craft of cordiner, vnder the pane of eschitt of the ledder barkit; 1450 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 12.
Octoviane … his douchter chargit he the quene To gar instruct thaim … To schaipe and sew; Bk. Chess 642.
Quhy may I not then … be ȝour tailȝeour, thocht I can nouther schaip nor sew? Lyndesay Pref. (STS) 398.
George Wilsoun tailȝeour … oblist him that in cais he be apprehendit wirkand in his craft within this burgh, that is schaipand and shewand … to pay to the tailȝeours craft … xl sh.; 1575 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 4 Feb.
[Cordiners were forbidden to] schaip and schew [on Sabbath]; 1618 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XVIII 119.

5. To give (a person) a new (and improved) appearance by providing him with (fresh) clothing. Also proverb. Thocht God mak ane misfassonit man Ȝe can him all schaip new agane … Telȝouris and sowtaris blist be ȝe; Dunb. (OUP) 158/26.
proverb. Meat makes and clothes shapes but manners makes a man; Pappity Stampoy 37.

6. To change (oneself or another) into (in) a different creature or thing; to transform. The carling schup hir in ane sow and is … gane Gruntlyng our the Greik sie; Gyre-carling 19.
Sho prayd the gods hir helpers be … Quha shupe hir in a laurell trie As he did hir embrace; Montg. Misc. P. xvii 79.

7. To portray, depict. The vmbrate treis … War portrait, and on the eirth yschappit Be goldin bemis viuificatiue; Doug. Pal. Hon. 41.
The pantyt povn … Kest vp his taill … Schapand the prent of Argus hundreth eyn; Id. Æn. xii Prol. 164.
He first that … vpon a rolling round Shuip her [sc. Fortune] to sit; Garden Garden 91.

II. To plan, prepare or direct.

8. To devise (a measure, plan, remedy, etc.). Quhen thai away thus ridand wer And na defens begouth to schape [: byschap]; Barb. xvi 581.
The gret malice Agayn hym schapyn [R. scharpyd, W. scharpit] mony wise; Wynt. viii 2272 (C).
Than Aristotill … Was callit with thame to schape thair interprise; Hay Alex. 948.
Bot in the toun thai schope ane vther wyle; Ib. 2979.
Yhoue lewith in disspar … And schapith no thinge of thine awn remede; Lanc. 89.
God for hir has schappin sik remeid That [etc.]; Clar. iv 204.
Schaip sum remeid for Godis deite And lat no moir the weydis ouir ga the corne; Stewart Maitl. F. 355/85.
Schort mischappin schit that schuip sick ane swnȝie; Montg. Flyt. 79 (T).

9. To design, intend, make up one's mind or endeavour (for) to do something; to make preparations. Also absol. Also, once, const. clause object. (1) pres. Thai within that saw thaim swa Swa gret apparaill schap to ma; Barb. xvii 606.
Gif it happins that any gretter … schapes for to ride witht oste [etc.]; 1384 Acts I 349/2.
Gyf ony gretter or smaller of outher of the reaumes shapes to do harme into the bondys of the tother part; 1386 Rot. Sc. II 85/2.
Schap to ber sum gud sciens; Ratis R. 1260.
Thy servand schapis to be falowe to thé; Hay II 103/10.
That sould nocht be Withoutin straik that I sould schape to fle; Id. Alex. 3457.
Gif ony persoun … cummis of newe after this act to the guid towne and schapis to wirk [etc.]; 1475 Edinb. B. Rec. I 31.
Hir moder said … How schapis thow thi hart to set? Seven S. 1484.
Troianys agane, schaping defens to mak, Rent turettis doune; Doug. ii viii 15.
Gif we schap to crabe our creatour; Clar. i 299.
Our fais that byssie is, That schapis till [D. Thy sheipe to] stroy baith auld and ȝung; G. Ball. 142.
For to be ane verry knaif that shrew schapis evir; Bann. MS 157b/14.
I shape the soner to assay; Montg. Sonn. xlii 12.
(b) Schaip nocht al faltis for to mend; Consail Vys Man 119.
But greit profyt schaip nocht to pleid; Ib. 125.
Schaip to pleys God in mendyng off thi lyff; Wall. ix 240.
Quhat tyme he schaipis to invaid this realme; 1481 Acts II 139/1.
Hym self ascendis the … hyll By wentis strait … Schaip [Ruddim. schapis] on our cite fortocum prevely; Doug. xi x 65.
Schaype; Ib. ix iii 184 (Sm.).
I haif ane gude presume He schaipis first to muthe battell on me; Stewart 8694.
Quhat kynd a man schaip ȝe to be? Lynd. Sat. 738 (B).
Scho schaipis to luge with thame all nicht; Ib. 1309.
Sayand, schaip ȝe to Cupid King complene? Rolland Ct. Venus iii 292.
Quhat deuil (said I) me think thow schaipis to ride; Id. Seven S. 6696.
Shaip ȝe to shift him lyk a pair of cartis? Montg. Sonn. xx 2.
(c) With ane doig leich I schepe to gar thé schowt; Dunb. Flyt. 71.
(d) That hie Suld nivir scheip to saill the sie [W. Maid never schip to saill the see]; Montg. Ch. & Slae 504 (L).
p.t. Quhen men schupe hym to betrais He gat vitting tharof alwayis; Barb. v 539 (C).
Thai war abaysit for the cry And schup rycht na defens to ma; Ib. x 455 (E).
Thai persawyt … That thai [sc. the enemy] … schup to do no mar that day; Ib. xix 393.
The hound … schup to do na man schath; Leg. S. i 524.
Thai … syne schupe on thar way to ryde; Wynt. viii 3652 (W).
It war lyke as he schupe to sla him; Hay I 271/9.
And in a prayn he [sc. the king] schupe to pas his way; Id. Alex. 17297.
The volff … schupe to mak debait; Henr. Fab. 2256.
Than thai schupe for to assege segis vnsaught … that maist of myght moght; Gol. & Gaw. 456.
Sir Willyam bownit and schup to trawall in other contreis; 1478 Peebles B. Rec. I 183.
This devill That schupe to fyle my womanhed; Seven S. 281.
To devocioun schupe this knycht to go; Bk. Chess 875.
With all thair mycht thai schup him for to hald; Kennedy Pass. Christ 374.
Dunb. (OUP) 163/61.
Your angel mouthis … has … fair ourgilt oure spech that imperfyte Stude or your goldyn pennis schupe to write; Id. G. Targe 268.
My fader … quham I schupe to haue … caryit to the nerrest hillys hycht; Doug. ii x 130.
My lewytnes … Schupe to enterprit … Thys maist renownyt prynce of poetry; Ib. ix Prol. 74.
Ib. iii i 73.
Giff thay schupe nocht to remeid sic enormyteis; 1525 St. P. Henry VIII IV 317.
Except ane certane that schup ouir till found; Stewart 55833.
We schupe to flie, bot we wantit wingis; Duncan Laideus Test. 161.
And I vprais and hamewart schup to fair; Bann. MS 54b/107.
(b) Acastrus … schope also With hid quentys Pirrus to slo; Troy-bk. ii 2383.
Ȝit schope I never no wicht for to deceave; Clar. iv 1451.
(c) Out of the feild he schuip nocht for to steir; Stewart 7231.
Ib. 6806.
(d) To confort him he schoup or he wald stint; Clar. i 93.
Schoupe; Ib. v 2494.
(e) Shoope; Montg. Ch. & Slae 261 (Wr.) (see (f) below).
(f) Ay the mair I schep [W. schape, Wr. shoope] to smorr it, The baldar it brak out; Montg. Ch. & Slae 246 (L).
p.p. The … barownis … ar … distroyit lik as thai haue schapin nov of late … to … distroy the archibischop; 1489 Lennox Mun. 130.
(2) Scho … schupe gif scho had had a knyf Scho suld [etc.]; Wynt. v 1991 (W).
absol. Thus schupe scho in that aduenture; Wynt. v 1993 (W).

10. reflex. To set oneself (to (till) (for to) do something); to prepare, make ready; to make up one's mind. Also, once (in Nisbet after Purvey), const. that. (1) Ȝone folk … Schapis thaim to do with slycht That [etc.]; Barb. ii 327.
Or that he schap hym for to fayr To werray Carryk; Ib. v 219.
For schup we ws on hors to fycht … We suld into gret perell be; Ib. xi 299.
And hou that he Schupe hym to God plesand to be; Leg. S. xxvii 34.
Thai … schupe thame til assalȝe sone; Ib. xxxiii 936.
He suld dye Quha euer him schupe abak to fle; Wynt. iii 858 (W).
Till assege Kyldrwmy He schwpe hym; Ib. viii 4570 (R).
Than schupe he him till assailȝe the membris of the Cristin faith with the cryme of ypocrysye; Hay I 17/10.
He suld … exhort him … that all before that ever he schape him for hors, harnais, na othir provisioun for the bataill, that first he schape him to se for a gude confessoure; Ib. 288/2.
And quhen … thou have etyn ynouche, than schape thé to sytt a lytill and rest thé; Ib. II 124/2.
Ib. 103/1.
That Johne of Scrogs … schapis him to analy and sellis his landis; 1459–60 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXVI 148.
Than all the smythis schupe thame to mak harnes; Hay Alex. 3015.
That na nychtbour schaip thame to by ony vittuallis … befoir the entrie; 1462 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 20.
The volff … schupe him for to ryn with all his strenth; Henr. Fab. 2527.
Forsamekill as … [he] schappis him … to annale and desaris … his son; 1478 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 339.
To sailȝe him he trowyt thai wald thaim schaip [: chaip (= escape)]; Wall. ix 1664.
He schupe him than to go; Bk. Chess 554.
Ȝe schape ȝow nocht for till oppress the pure; Fyve Bestes 271.
Doug. ii viii 18.
And to the dure he schapis him to gone; Freiris Berw. 520 (M).
The king schuipe him to ryde; Clar. iv 1805.
That we Schoupe ws this night in Belvilladoune to be; Ib. 2568.
Schaip thé no moir with ws to stryve; Bann. MS 30a/63.
(2) Schape you in al gude thing that ye do the will of him; Nisbet Hebrews xiii 21.

b. Const. for: To prepare oneself for a specified eventuality. Lordingis … Schaip we ws tharfor [C. Schapis tharfor] in the mornyng Swa that we be the sone-rysing Haff … buskyt weill; Barb. xii 211.
Hay I 287/34 (see 10 (1) above).
Gif ȝour fais tryumphis ouer ȝow to stand, Schaip ȝow for deid; 1571 Sat. P. xix 95.

11. intr. To schape for (something), to make preparations for; to endeavour to bring about, achieve or obtain. Barb. xii 211 (C) (see 10 b above).
And iff ony maner of man scheapis or wald scheape for thair … wndoing, the said Lord Forbes and his pairtie sall defend thame; 1467 Coll. Rebus Alban. 80.
Thus thai schupe for ane salt, ilk sege seir; Gol. & Gaw. 473.
Than schupe thai for it [sc. gold] with deligens; Seven S. 867.
Than Wisdome sayis, ‘Schape for sum governance’; K. Hart 769.
Quhen we … for our self list schape for na remed; Doug. xii v 42.

12. tr. To direct the course of, send forth. Also schape away, to chase away (an animal) (cf. 15 below). Thai … schup thar bataillis as thai wald Apon thaim till the fechtyn hald; Barb. xix 419.
Ane cursit fox lay hid … Nane mycht him schaip away; G. Ball. 175.

b. To direct, or aim, a blow at (till) someone. Also const. indirect object. He wald … prevene the strakis and geve him the dedely strakis first that he schaipis till him; Hay I 270/34.
[He] till him schupe ane straik rycht sturdelie; Id. Alex. 1965.
And Tholome … Schupe him a straik and till him was cumand; Ib. 3271.

c. To direct, or induce, (a person) to do something. And y hawe scepit ane honnest mayrschand to keip it waking till [etc.]; 1602 Dundee Shipping P. 77.

13. reflex. To direct one's course; to go towards, directly or with urgency. Sen thay haue thame auansit sa Schape we vs to thame alsua; Alex. ii 6070.
He schupe him to the cete rycht; Wynt. vii 2568 (W).
Hay Alex. 3004.
Schaip thé evin to the schalk in thi schroud schene; Gol. & Gaw. 599.
Be schort awys he schup him to the se; Wall. ix 27.

b. Const. on a person: To advance on with hostile intent; to rush on. Sen he schupe him on him with syk a fere and in syk maner; Hay I 271/13.
Apon the Scottis schup thaim all with gret mayn; Wall. xi 403.

c. Without complement: ? To advance. Than schupe schir Hanyball him, evin the stricht way quhare he was; Hay I 50/26.

14. intr. for reflex. To direct one's efforts to a specified end. b. tr. To direct (something) towards a goal. And schaip alwayis to that ending That beris in it mensk and lowing; Barb. iv 548.
Gyf at thow schapis to bounte, Thi branchis braid and gret sal be, And gif thow schapis thaim to wice, Infortone will wndo thi price; Ratis R. 21, 23.

15. intr. To make one's way with force or haste (to a person or place). Also, once, with cognate object. b. Schape away, to retreat, flee. (1) To Alexanders battell Porrus shupe [F. s'est Porrus enbatu]; Alex. ii 9811.
King Nicolas … drew the brand … And schupe till him with all his haill intent; Hay Alex. 1902.
King Philip come … with ane drawin sworde in hand, And till Alexander schupe with all his vre; Ib. 2175.
Feyll Sotheroun than to Wallace fast can schaip; Wall. x 408.
Sir Eger, now where shape ye? Sir Eger 962.
The king … to the dynere schupe in hy; Seven S. 2702.
(2) [He] strenȝeit his steid and schupe ane cours of were; Hay Alex. 3171.
b. The king … schupe away out of that pres With his navyne; Wynt. vii 3263 (W).
We will ws fenȝe as we wald fle … And quhen thai se ws schape away … thai sall sone brek array; Ib. viii 5583.

III. 16. tr. Of God, fate, fortune, etc.: To destine, decree. Fortune it schupe non othir wayis to be; Kingis Q. §24.
Gif grace of fortune schapin to men be It cumis of Him; Hay Alex. 436.
Off thame that liff wald, and thame to liff war schapin [: happin]; Ib. 3974.
Onto Itale we ettill, quhar destany Has schape for ws … herbry; Doug. i iv 82.
The cauld dreid ran in throu thar banys For feir quhamto was schape this destanye; Ib. ii ii 113.
The ful tyme of det, By the werd sisteris schaip, is now compleit; Ib. ix iii 71.
For rest thou ordanyt nycht, For diuers causys schupe seir sessonys and spacis; Ib. x Prol. 10.

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"S(c)hape v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Oct 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/schape_v>



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