A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Schalm(e, Schawm(e, n. Also: schallme, shalm(e; shaum. Pl. schammes. Schalomond. [ME and e.m.E. (pl.) schalmeis (c1350; v.rr. schalmys, schalmes, schalmuses), shalmyes (Chaucer; v.rr. chalemyes, shalemeyes), shalmes (1513), shaulmes (1533), (sing.) schallemele (Gower), shamulle (1524), shalme (1542), shaulme (1565), OF chalemel (12th c. in Larousse), MF chalemie (14th c. in Wartburg), low L. calamellus, L. calamus a reed.] A medieval wood-wind instrument resembling the oboe, a shawm. (a) The dulset the dulsacordis the schalme of assay; Howlat 762 (A).
Hard I play and sing … On croud, lute, harp, with mony gudlie spring. Schalmes, clariounis, portatiues, hard I ring; Doug. Pal. Hon. 503.
To ane of the menstrales … to by him ane schalme … xxviij s.; 1503 Treas. Acc. II 399.
1505 Ib. III 109, etc.
The schalmis schill gart all the schawis s[ch]aik; Stewart 5726.
The buglis blew, the schalmes schoutit schill; Ib. 10349.
Ib. 3614.
Thow suld haue hard the din of instrumentis, Of tabrone, trumpet, schalme, & clarioun; Lynd. Depl. Magd. 136.
Id. Mon. 2505.
Rolland Seven S. 626.
Scott ii 45.
Schallmes; Pitsc. I 379/29.
Go take vpe the psalmes, The timbrel with shalmes; Wode's Psalter lxxxi.
Mak shouting shalms and persing phiphers shill; Hume 54/55.
Philotus 194.
Jhonn Orley, Inglisman … sall serve the toune in his calling and with the musicall instruments of schalmes, howboyes and sicklyk be himself and four expert musicianes … and thai to pas playing and singand upoun thai said instruments throw the town Cowgaitt and all ilk morning; 1607 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 26.
(b) The trumpettis, schawmis and menstrallie Maid sic ane reird it was gret melodie; Hay Alex. 941.
To the boyis that playis on the schawmes, xiiij s.; 1505–6 Treas. Acc. III 179.
1507 Ib. 378.
With tympanys [etc.] … And bos schawmys of turnyt buschboun tre; Doug. ix x 67.
In all partis sonyt war trumpettis and schawmys; Boece 161.
Schawme; Rolland Seven S. 1586.
The rabble-rowt … whirl'd, When pipe and shaum together skirl'd; G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Disc. 43.
(c) Quha playit befoir Sanct Geill … on the schammes; 1555 Edinb. B. Rec. II 220.

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"Schalm(e n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 May 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/schalme>



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