A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
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First published 2000 (DOST Vol. VIII).
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S(c)hable, Schabill, n. Also: sheabill, chable, shabel, shabble, sabble. [Obs. Germ. schabel, sabel, local varr. of Germ. säbel, Polish szabla, Magyar száblya. Cf. Ital. sciab(o)la. Cf. also 17th c. Eng. sabel (1617), of which the form sabble (see (b) below) may be a single instance, Germ. or Du. sabel, of the same ulterior origin, whence also the F. altered form sabre.] A sabre.Also attrib. with blade.(a) 1632 Lithgow Trav. v 208.
The onely best shables, or short crooked swords, that be in the world are made here [sc. Damascus] 1637 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II 436.
[The defender had bought] ane gune and sheabill [for £6] c1650 Spalding I 238.
The Hollanderis canon and schables 1654 Dumfries Kirk S. 16 March.
For … blooding a man buy shabellis 1667 Edinb. Test. LXXIII 86.
Schabill c1679 Kirkton Hist. 418.
And … smote him on the cheek with his shabel 1681 Fountainhall Decis. I 159.
The general … struck him with the pomel of his shable on his face 1681 Colvil Whig's Suppl. (1681) Sig. A 5b.
A sea-captain offered to strike off my head with a shable 1683 Turner Pallas Armata 171.
The Persians, Turks, Russians, Polonians, and Hungarians, for most part wear scimiters and shables 1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII 356.
Chable 1699 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 221.
[Supplied] 250 mounted shables 1715 Macritchie Gypsies 118.
He was … repute an Egyptian, and did wear a pistol and shable(b) 1679 Wodrow Hist. III (1829) 44.
The commander … with a shabble struck him on the face 1683 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 20 Jan.
That he [sc. the jailer] … wear constantly a sword or sabbleattrib. 1699 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 221.
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"Shable n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 27 Sep 2023 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/schable>