A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Samin, -yn, adj. Also: -ine, -yne, -en(e, -eyn, -ein(e, -yin(e, -ing(e, -yng, -eing, -on, -ne; saym(y)ne, -en, saimyn, -en; sammyn(e, -ynne, -in(g; semynge, -en. [f. as Same adj.; of obscure formation, but possibly by influence of Samin adv. In OSc. commoner than Same adj.] Same.
I. With backward reference.
1. Identical with or closely similar to a person, thing, situation or circumstance previously mentioned or implied; also with precise reference to a specific person, etc. previously mentioned, in reiteration of mention of the person, etc., the aforesaid.
(a) The first day of Marche nest comand or ellis on the Sonday thre wikis efter … ane of the samyn dayis [etc.]; 1398 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 38.
The laif of the schippes syne … Come saland to the samyn place; Troy-bk. ii 1973.
Gif it happynnis … the samyn contesse til clame and joise hir jointfeftment; 1410 Red Bk. Menteith II 282.
Ane egill … The memberis of the samyn foull displait as efferis; Howlat 354 (A).
A questioun langand the samyn mater; Hay I 224/13.
Samen; c1458–9 Liber Aberbr. II 105.
Vpoun the samyne syde on thair rycht hand Thair battall was cumand; Hay Alex. 1473.
Samyne; Ib. 2770.
It sal byd xij houris; and at na furlottis na other met wechel gang quhill the samyn hour; 1471 Peebles B. Rec. I 166.
He fand ane iolie iasp … Wes castin furth in sweping of the hous. … Iowellis ar tint … Vpon the flure and swopit furth … Peraduenture sa wes the samin stone; Henr. Fab. 77.
Samine; Sir Eger 2052.
And Paule thus to the Corinthies doth writ … of cheritee … , And he declarith in the samyn chapture That [etc.]; Quare Jel. 366.
Fourty ane last salmond eftir four schilling the barrell … thre lastis salmond eftir the samyn price; 1516–17 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 75.
Romulus … trystit his freyndis … to mete him … at the palace of Amulius. … Remus … met Romulus at the samyn place; Bell. Livy I 20/12.
Capitane Cocburne … quhylk wery of ane wyfis [sic] deliuerit hir to the queyne againe, bot you deliuerit of ane wyfe castis your self in the samyn nette; c1571 Buch. in Facs. Nat. MSS III lxvi.
Quhairfoir suld they be reput as theauis … ? Is it because thair heads ar not shauin? [etc.] … By the like reasons and saming arguments, they did [etc.]; Fowler II 51/8.
All … concluded to ask for remeid of law … and … everie ane of the said brithering to defend the sameine actioune; 1622 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XX 98.
That thair was eattin of the samen cornes … thrie bollis … brockit aittis; 1633 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II 390.
Samen; 1658 Paisley B. Rec. 99.
1699 Argyll Justic. Rec. I 184.
(b) He gert thame drynk dedly poysone. … Sancte Johne ȝet but abaysitnes The saymne drink tuk; Leg. S. v 348.
(c) Al man that has back yettes close thaim … vnder the payne of acht schillinges and at thai lok thair foryettes within viij days vnder the sammyn payne; 1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I 9.
Sammynne; 1485 Liber Coll. Glasg. 196.
The said balye deliuerit … possessione [etc.] … befor thir witnesis Johne of Wallod [etc.] … Johne of Wallod balye … deliuerit … possession [etc.] … befor the sammyn witnesis; 1488 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 2.
To preif … the richt … to the said land, sic as he will vse for the folowing of the sammyn land; 1488–9 Acta Conc. I 101/1.
Oure souerane lord … makis mutacioun and chengeing of the said name and ordinis the sammyn castell to be callit … Campbele; 1489 Acts II 222/2.
Ran furthe of his syd twa gret riueris of wattir and blud … And of the sammyne syd of oure saluatoure … procedit the fontane of wattir; Irland Mir. I 81/16.
1494 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 50.
And schephirdis war in the sammin [P. same] cuntre; Nisbet Luke ii 8.
1542 Reg. Cupar A. II 210.
b. Appended redundantly to a demonstr. adj.
I held agane that samin [E., C. ilk(e] way; Barb. (1571) x 568.
In Antioche … The feloune folk of that sammyn towne [etc.]; Leg. S. i 157.
Fyr schacht can that samyn wyf brine; Ib. iii 223.
On till hir hous him brocht, … Go, speid thé … agayne To that sammyn hous, … To that ilk hous; Wall. ii 326.
To that samyn man, for xxx and x girthstingis; 1496 Treas. Acc. I 282.
And, with this sammyn wynd hidder blaw in feir, Wald God Enee ȝour kyng war present heir! Doug. i viii 143.
Now be the gud lady that did me beir, That samyn hors is my awin meir; Lynd. Sat. 698.
The Chartagiens vsit that sammyn fassoune … The Macedoniens vsit that sammyn vse ane lang tyme; Compl. 146/23, 28.
Quhat day this be ȝe auditouris discriue? This samin day gif I remember richt Is consuetude [etc.]; Rolland Ct. Venus i 28.
Sua, godly reidar, quhattin a Papist I am in this samin ruid buik … I tak on hand to preue; Winȝet I 57/17.
That fiftie galleis quite were fled [etc.] … (Moou'd by that samin flight); James VI Poems I 222/378.
c. In certain adv. phrases.
With degree, fassoun, maner, sort, wis.
Ȝhe man … All be ȝour self forrouth ga And on the samyn wys we twa Sall folow behind weill ner; Barb. vii 140.
He gat hyr son about the [h]als & kissit, … & scho hyme in the sammyn wyse Gretand, kissit; Leg. S. xxix 840.
That man to fere suld haf woman & woman in the sammyne degre Suld man haf hyre make to be; Ib. xxxii 335.
The day on the Est Marche sall be delaied in the samen maner; 1385 Rot. Sc. II 73/2.
Till Jhon off Askeyne … on the samyn wys to Duncan Mor; 1429 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXXI 145.
And in the samyn wis cummys haterent; Hay I 77/17.
And thow agane, vpon the samin wyis, May me … for thyne auaill dispyis; Henr. Fab. 97.
Boith hors and armour in the samyne wys Of sable; Lanc. 2777.
Syne to Dame Flora, on the samyn wyse, Thay saluse; Dunb. G. Targe 100.
I serf him on the tothir syde on the samin fasson; Id. Tua Mar. W. 491.
Suld he nocht de, Les than hys prynce … Pardoun hys falt … Gyf he wald mercy craif? The sammyn wys We beyn forgevyn; Doug. xi Prol. 135.
Lynd. Trag. Card. 331.
That … Fechit forane forcis into thair support Quha … thame subdewit in the samon sort; J. Maitland Maitl. F. 436/64.
[He] drank to thame all round about beseikand thame on this samen maner to drink witht him; Pitsc. II 78/22.
Preis not to enter be the wrangous way … ; With hart contreit and handis elevat Seik thair salvatione of the samyn sort; They will not find the Father obstinat; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv Pref. 110.
d. In adv. phrase of time.
(In, etc.) that (the) samin time (tid, hour, day, etc.), sometimes without previous reference to a time.
This ves in-till the harvist tyde … That sammyn tym [etc.]; Barb. x 192 (C).
He gart thaim se as it semyt in the samyn houre Huntyng at herdis … Sound saland [etc.]; Howlat 772 (A).
To James Homyl the sammyn tyme, to by [etc.]; 1473–4 Treas. Acc. I 13.
That samin tyme, of Troy the garnisoun … had strikken doun [etc.]; Henr. Test. Cress. 484.
Irland Mir. I 45/10.
This lusty Maij … ; The samyn moneth and the sevynt Ide The sonne [etc.]; Quare Jel. 7.
The samyn day in Linlithqw, to the kingis offerand at the Halie Blude mes xiiij s.; 1501 Treas. Acc. II 71.
1502 Halyb. 275.
Saminge; 1528 Douglas Corr. 136.
Thair kingis baith that samin da war keild; Stewart 21884.
For scho had maid ane tryst that samyn nicht Freir Johine hir luvis supper for to dicht; Freiris Berw. 121 (B).
The sameine houre the nobill king His leave hes taine; Clar. v 2533.
At the sameyn tyme John erle of Atholl wes maid chanceller of Scotland; Moysie 6.
For the dewtie of the ledles the samyne year; 1665 Glasgow Chart. II App. 340.
The rest benorth were at the samne tyme writt to rendevouz at Lochness; c1685 Cromartie Corr. I 41.
e. In (into) the samyne place (stede), without previous reference: That (very) place.
Swa that in-to the samyne sted Weill ner [fourty] thar war dede; Barb. iv 420.
And for to entir as sche hir paynand was Sche fell doun ded into the samyne place; Hay Alex. 90.
Ane heawenlie harrang in the samming place To me againe … Pronuncit scho; J. Stewart 261 §241.
2. a. Expressing the identity of the particular instance of a phenomenon referred to by the qualified noun with (a) previously mentioned instance or instances of that phenomenon; identical, same.
He … saw … Ane ymag of the cors … Ane vthyre ȝet thane ȝed he til … & saw thare The sammyne takine … He passit al the towne abowt & the sammyne takine al-way fand Abeoufe the ȝettis; Leg. S. xxiii 258, 261.
Thai … Bryngis thame … In tyme of ewinsang & thare thai wak That nicht … & al the morne to the sammyne tyde Stil … thai mone byde; Ib. xxxvi 1169.
As he comperit in the nycht to thé, Into the samyne figure he come to me; Hay Alex. 40.
Quhat is it that was of before bot it that is now in erde, that is to say of the samyne kynd … bot nocht in singular propire persone; Wisd. Sol. (STS) 27.
And that ȝe think … wrang, Wee al and sundrie sings the samin sang; Prestis of Peblis 142 (Ch.).
Ene … furth … is past And in his breste gan rollyng … Thir onkouth chancis. … Achates … furth by hym went, Ilk … pays musyng the sammyn entent; Doug. vi iii 6.
b. One and the same.
With reference to two or more events occurring on a single occasion, two or more outcomes having a single origin, or a single thing having two or more manifestations.
Giff thre breder be gottyn & borne of the samyn fader & of the samyn moder; Reg. Maj. c. 178.
And ilkane of tha thre The sammyn thing is in a maieste Thocht thir personys be seuerall; Doug. x Prol. 64.
Of the samen fontane do proceid … auricular confessione and satisfactione for sinne; a1600 Cath. Tr. 252/13.
The bwreall of my lady and sister being on the samin day; 1616 Haddington Corr. 131.
Becaus his father wes of the samen name he wes called Kenneth Oig; a1714 Cromartie Corr. II 477.
3. absol. The aforesaid; that same. With reference to a. A (material or non-material) thing, b. A person previously mentioned. Chiefly the samin, also once without the. c. Following a demonstrative pron.
Often merely the equivalent of a personal or a demonstrative pronoun: He, him, it, them, this, that, etc.
Also inflected as pl., = them.
a. (1) In to the parische kirk of Perth, apone the hee auter of the samyne; 1456 Wemyss Chart. 78.
At ther is now cammyn befor yow the dochtir of the fyrst wyff clamande the said lande as air thairto and to be knawin be yow to the samyn; 1468 Aberd. B. Rec. I 28.
Ane sillie scheill … Off quhilk the entres wes not hie nor braid And in the samin thay went; Henr. Fab. 201.
And gif he has ressavit ony of before that he putt the samyn furth of oure rollis; 1487 Paisley B. Rec. 25.
That na skipperis … saill … with ony merchandice … quhill the samyn be lelely enteret to yow our saidis customeris; 1506 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 109.
Kend with ther conditionis and knawin with the samin; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 409.
Samyng; 1524 Dumbarton B. Rec. App. ii 4.
I intendit to have beyne at the conventione … and was all rady for the saming; 1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 86.
In deviding of the said debatabill, giff ye can aggre … that the samyn be done [etc.]; 1551–2 Reg. Privy C. I 122.
That gif we had … onye thingis in oure schrinis [etc.] … we suld deliuer the saming till hyme; 1554 Misc. Bann. C. III 70.
Samyine; 1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I 276.
Samen; 1566 Fraser P. 225.
Gif me thy hart, for I suld haue it … To win the samin I sufferit soir; G. Ball. 236.
Howbeit it become me rather … to had vrytin the samin in Latine; Skeyne Descr. Pest 3.
Samyn; Maitland Maitl. F. 42/59.
Samen; 1578 Aberd. B. Rec. II 32.
Saming; 1581 Douglas Corr. 178.
1581 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 557.
Saming; Fowler II 24/1.
Sameing; 1591 Lennox Mun. 333.
Samein; 1596 Bk. Univ. Kirk III 873.
Whatever missour of knawlage … he wold bestow on me, I sould … imploy the saming for his glorie; Melvill 24.
This King Malcolme kaist doun the auld kirk of Durame, and bigget the samin fra the ground; Bisset I 64/36.
A gryte pairt perishit, whiche wes the countrie people's malesoun, and God hard the samen; Spalding II 242.
Samine; 1654 Lanark B. Rec. 153.
Samene; 1659 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 242.
That clause … ought to be holden as repeated in the comprising, … tho by negligence the clerk has omitted the samen; 1663 Decis. Lords G. 66.
The baillies [etc.] … takeing to consideratione that the lands of Crosslau [etc.] … wer in selling and thought the samein to be most advantagous for the weill of the said burgh, and thairfor ordainit to … buy the samein; 1675 Lanark B. Rec. 199.
Anent … their irregular marriage … that they should be rebuked for the samyn; 1698 Cramond Kirk S. IV 11 Nov.
(b) Brevis corrsabile, be the quhilkis he is enteryt to the lordschip … of the saymyne; 1473 Lennox Mun. 102.
Be wertew of the saimyn; 1571 Bk. Mackay 407.
With the quhilks cuttell [etc.] … the said lawrichtman mesurit … the saidis dewiteis … and delyuerit the saimen to the fowdis; 1576 Orkney Oppress. 19.
(c) Vmfray Murray … intromettit withall, and kest in a stak of beire and had away the sammyn; 1479 Acta Aud. 94/2.
1510 Rec. Earld. Orkney 86.
1521 Fife Sheriff Ct. 240.
Our court to be haldin in Edinburgh in the tolbwtht of the sammin; 1529 Red Bk. Menteith II 391.
That the … recommendatioun shauuin ellis be your grace wretingis may persever and that your grace wald remember the samming in your nixt wretingis; 1550 Corr. M. Lorraine 323.
(d) As give the semen hed never bein grantit; 1627 Aberd. Council Lett. I 269.
(2) To the quhilk I haif pwt to mye litill syng and subscriptione manuall to warefye sammyne; 1509 Glasg. Univ. Mun. I 46.
(3) pl. Personis being in the saidis housis for the tyme or that happinis to be in the samynis; 1513 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 2.
b. Ane act of the commissaris of Sanctandres, subscrivit be the hande of maister Johne Boner clerk of the sammyn; 1488 Acta Conc. I 88/2.
At the cristinnyng of James Loganis barne … Item, to the godbarne gift to the samyn; 1506–7 Treas. Acc. III 364.
Knawis thou not Mapheus Vegius the poet … ? I am the sammyn; Doug. xiii Prol. 102.
I suld haf cummyn strecht to your grace beseykyng elyke wys the samin to pardon this my hamly wrytyn; c1522 Id. in Doug. (Sm.) I p. xcviii.
The malys … salbe rasauyt … be the commound procuratour of the viccaris of the queir … and salbe distribuit amang the semynge; 1537 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 413.
The ane and the samin Christe is God and man; the samin nocht creat and creat; … the samin of the Father afoir al warldis begottin; Winȝet II 40/26, 30.
c. The corse of dere Jhesu In hewyne empyre is heyest nov; That sammyne is bath God and man In a persone; Leg. S. iii 1059.
Gif that ȝe list … to haif moir It salbe had … Incontinent that samyn sall ȝe se; Freiris Berw. 434 (B).
Ye resawand anne discharge of this samyn fra the samyne freris; 1558 Liber Coll. Glasg. 231.
d. With reference to a state of affairs expressed in the preceding context.
Na syn thai thocht, the samyn thai leit ws feill; Wall. viii 519.
Gif ony displeseir war done to Voada … the samin sall be eikit with doubill injuris; Bell. Boece I 122.
Gif you do nocht your extreme devoir thairin to bring the samyn to lycht; 1556 Edinb. B. Rec. II 252.
All that he said was wonder just and trew, For be the sterne the samin weill thay knew; Rolland Seven S. 861.
He awght to be seruit notwithstandyng the sammyn; 1566 Melville Chart. 114.
Like as before we did submit, So wee repeate the samine yet; Montg. Ch. & Slae 1503 (Wr.).
II. With forward reference.
4. Identical with what is indicated in the following context, chiefly a restrictive relative clause.
(1) Criste hyme-self come … In the sammyne habyte that he In this warld wonte wes to be; Leg. S. xiii 159.
But almyghty God … soothly Revenges oft with samyn peyne And punysys the man … The quhilk to other procured he; Troy-bk. ii 129 (C).
The samyn wecht of gold but more That the lettres spak of; Ib. 1885 (D).
For al the tyme that a persone be at the mes he … haldis hym in the samyn ȝouthed he was in quhen he come; Vert. Mess (STS) 30.
The croune he tuk apon that sammyne stane At Gadalos send with his sone fra Spane; Wall. i 121.
He sall rys in the sammyn body and saule he had befor; Irland Mir. II 17/3.
Colk. Sow iii 99.
Ane schynand croce was sene in the lift … nocht vnlyke the samyn croce that the apostill deit on; Bell. Boece (M) II 29.
And had hir brocht unto the samine steide Whair that they thought to put hir to the deid; Clar. iii 609.
Quhilk … sall … treit this samin argument at more lenthe quhilk presentlie … is mouit to set furthe almaist rude and imperfite; Skeyne Descr. Pest 4.
The prouest [etc.] … grauntis to the said Andro the samen yeirlie stipend … and the lyke salarie … quhilk wes … in vse to be payed to the said vmquhill Patrik Dauidsone; 1636 Aberd. B. Rec. III 97.
The said Mr. Andrew Kennedy is heirby bound … to the samen [pr. sanen] articles … unto which any conservator wes bound; 1690 Conv. Burghs IV 118.
— Jhesus is … equale … to the Fader … and the sammyne substaunce of the Fader; Irland Mir. II 24/10.
(2) Fra thyne in the samyne wys as he passyt, is to cum agan; Cr. Deyng 239.
Dreidand na thing the samin lyfe to leid In … reif as did his father befoir; Henr. Fab. 821.
The samine bower as he me told; Sir Eger 1197.
That we suld fall agane in the sammyn girn as afore; Boece 523.
That they give the samen weight and of the samen finness as they doe in Aberdeen; 1733 Banff Ann. I 207.
(3) In the samyn tyme at thai War in schipping … The erle off the Leuenax was [etc.]; Barb. iii 589.
Sante Paul … conuertit the sammyn ȝere That Criste tholit for ws here, And that sammyne ȝere … That Stewene stanit ded can fall; Leg. S. ii 481, 483.
The samyne day that Alexander was born; Hay Alex. 872.
Gif that thay … raid that samin day To thame affixt be the empreouris command; Rolland Seven S. 775.
(4) Crist in his diete has the sammyn will of the Fadere, bot in his humanite he has ane vthire will; Irland Mir. I 41/15.
(5) Sic maters to propone … for the samin effect Hir sone to ring efter that scho was gone; Rolland Seven S. 178.
Ȝon sammyn is he That with his hand gerris so mony de; Wall. v 885.
To permit the said Marioun to pas to the burgh of Edinburch … quhill the penult day of Januar instant, scho the said day being presentit agane before thame in the samin scho is now in, … thairfore … promittit … that the said Marioun suld be presentit … the said penult day of Januar … in eodem statu et eadem causa that scho now is in; 1562–3 Reg. Privy C. I 233.
5. Qualifying a noun of date: = This very (Thursday), this coming (Thursday).
The saidis jugis … to mete thareapone this sammyn Thurisday the xix day of Januar; 1496–7 Acta Conc. II 56.
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