A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Saker, Sacre, Saiker, n. Also: sakar, sachar, saikyr, shaiker, salker, seker. [e.m.E. saker (1521), sacre (1546), transf. use of ME and e.m.E. sacre (c1400), saker (c1530), MF sacre (1373 in Larousse) a species of falcon (Falcon n. 2). Cf. Sacrat n.] In pl. also uninfl.

A type of cannon. ‘Smaller than a demi-culverin, formerly, much employed in sieges and on ships’ (OED); ‘nearly as heavy as a demi-culverene but with shot of no more than 5–7 lb.’ (Navy Rec. Soc., Naval Misc. II 82); ‘lançant des projectiles de cinq livres’ (Hatz.-Darm., s.v. Sacre). Falcons, saikyrs, half saikyrs [etc.]; Compl. 41/32.
Ane Inglis sacre of found mountit upoun stok quheillis and aixtre; 1566 Inv. Wardrobe 167.
The bark callit the Mynioun with … thre barssis … twa falconattis, twa half myonis, twa half sacharis; 1577 Reg. Privy C. II 659.
Twa sacres [ed. facces] of iryne, the ane thereoff stockit and quheillit without iryne werk; 1581 Mar & Kellie MSS 35.
Ane dymmie culvering of irne … tua sakaris of irne; 1585 Elphinstone Mun. 193/1.
Sakers of brase and yerne ii; 15.. Balcarres P. MS V 73.
Thrie iron sakeris … to the castell of Edinburgh; 1615 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 369.
Spounges for demicolveringis and sakeres; 1633 Ib. II 372.
Tua peece of ordinance called saikeris; 1644 Acts VI i 85/2.
Salkers; 1645 Army of the Covenant I 117.
They looked lycke ball of all syzes, from a pistoll to feeld peeces, such as sakers or robinetts; J. Gordon Hist. II 253.
uninfl. pl. To buy for the vse of tuo schippes … 16 minnon, 4 saker and 6 falcon; 1627 Stirling's Royal Lett. I 115.
Nyne pair of quheillis for the battert, saiker, and moyen; 1628 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 217.
Tuo saiker and tuo minion gunns; 1661 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I 18.

b. Attrib. with bore, bullet, ladill, schot and comb. with cutte, gun. To Thomas Foster for making of saker ladill; 1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 69.
Fourescore demiculvering bullets and fourescore seker bullets; 1627 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II 42.
Threescore bulletts callit shaiker shott; 1629 Ib. III 251.
With 3 lastes of powder, 3 fatts of matche, demy-culverin, saker, minion, falcon and falconett shott, of eache one toune; 1639 Ruthven Corr. 14.
Bulletts for greate ordnance of saker bore and lesser; 1641 Ayrsh. Coll. IV 149.
Tuo saker gunes each weying 1600 weight and four saiker cuttes, each weying 600 weight; 1661 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I 102.

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"Saker n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Jul 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/saker>



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