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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1990 (DOST Vol. VII).

Ris(e, v. Also: rys(e, rize, ryis(e, rijse; riese, ryes; riss(e, ryss(e, ryiss-; ryst. P.t. ras(e, raase, race; rais(e, raiss, rays(e; rease; reis; rasse; ros(e, rois, ruse, rwis. P.p. ris-, rysin, -ing, -yn, -en; rysyne, -eine, -an; riss-, ryssin(e, -yn, rissing, -en, -eyn; resin(e, -yn(e, ressyn; raisen. [ME and e.m.E. rise(n (c1200), rese, rise, rijs (all Cursor M.), rysse (1556); p.t. north. Eng. raas, ras(e (Cursor M.), midl. and south. ros (c1200); p.p. risenn (Orm), resin (14th c.), rare OE rísan (rás, rison, risen), ON rísa (pres. riss; p.t. reis, pl. risu; p.p. risinn), OFris. rīsa, etc. See also Risit.‘In early ME the use of rise for arise [Arise v.] is prominently [sic] northern, and may be mainly due to the influence of ON rísa’ (OED).] In many senses, esp. senses 1–6, with complement up.

I. intr. 1. To get up from a posture of sitting, lying or kneeling; to stand up, to get to one's feet. Also transf.(1) pres. a1400 Leg. S. iv 214.
In till His name I commawnd thé That … Thou ryse
Ib. vi 90.
Ryse of this place I ne vil, Til [etc.]
1456 Hay II 160/35.
All his membris brisit sa that he mycht nocht rys na ga
c1460 Dietary in c1500 Makc. MS xiv 4.
With appetit rys fra thi meit
c1475 Wall. viii 1229.
He bad hyr rys, and said it was nocht rycht, A queyn on kneis till ony lavar wycht
a1500 K. Hart 212.
Vpstart King Hart … And baldlie bad his folk all with him ryse
a1500 Seven S. 1383.
Than till his meting couth scho rys
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 1027.
Ryse and gar mak our denner reddie
1562 Crim. Trials I i 422.
He may not ryise furth of his bed without ane staff and help of his seruandis
a1568 Bann. MS 286b/12.
Thocht in lust of lufe sum lyis So lang without remeid to rys
1572 Buch. Detect. 79.
Bothwell rysis agane and … rynnis to the quene
a1589 Maxwell in Paisley Mag. (1828) 383.
He that sittis doun … to eit … Syne rysis wp and lattis his grace ower pass, Sittis doun lyk ane ox and rysis lyk ane ass
1623 Elgin Rec. II 180.p.t. a1400 Leg. S. xxvi 365.
The consul … Rase & hailist hym honorabli
c1400 Troy-bk. i 322.
Fra kyngis siege ritht sone he race
c1420 Wynt. viii 5241.
(b) 1375 Barb. iii 567.
1490 Irland Mir. I 133/9.
Sche rais on fute
a1500 Seven S. 470.
The grewhound … Waikly rais as he best micht
1513 Doug. iii viii 27.
We rays and went on burd
1549 Compl. 42/22.
Quhar for I rais and returnit to the fresche feildis
1561 St. A. Kirk S. 107.
Elizabeth Arnot … rays in the essemble
1567 Sat. P. iii 230.
With that he rais and reikit me this bill, And tuik gude nycht
1570-3 Bann. Trans. 167.
Heir we began to mow … and so raise
a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 264.
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 287 (W).
1637 Baillie I 16.
He … raise in high passion
(c) c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. ix 7.
And he raase, and went into his hous
(d) 1600-1610 Melvill 128.
Jhone Dury … rease out of his seat and caught him in his armes
Ib. 404.
Efter lang conference … we rease and past out
(e) a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 1337 (Wr.).
Then Reason rose … Quoth he [etc.]
p.p. c1420 Wynt. vii 231.
[They] rysyn had fra thare prayere
(2) c1420 Wynt. iii 42 (C).
Off his chiar … This kynge Eglon rase [R. ras] wp
c1475 Wall. ix 730.
The armyt men, was in the cartis brocht, Rais wp
1513 Doug. vi ix 159.
Vp dois scho rys [Sm. rise]
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Acts xxii 16.
a1538 Abell 124b.
He rais wp … & beguth to dance
1535 Stewart 36480.
Vp he rais rycht fraklie on his feit
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2473 (B).
Ryis vp, Lowry
a1540 Freiris Berw. 260 (M).
Than vp scho rais and … coverit ane burde
1560 Rolland Seven S. 7228.
Vp rais the king … Thankit the knicht
a1568 Bann. MS 141b/56.
Scho reis sone vp and askit hir schone
a1585 Maitl. Q. 224/37.
Thay me demandit gif I wald assent With thame to go … So vp I rays and furth the wayis went we
1624 Elgin Rec. II 183.
To ryis wp and stand on ther feit and confess ther falt

b. With inanimate subject. a1400 Leg. S. i 226.
I … In the corn myn howk doun lade … Than vp it ras deliuerly, And be it-self mare corn schare
a1500 Henr. Fab. 110.
Rise, gentill jasp, … Out of this fen

c. To regain an upright from an inclining position, as in rowing. 1375 Barb. iii 580.
Men mycht se mony frely fute … As thai on ayris rais rowand

d. Of the penis: To become erect. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 41/34.
Ȝour hals quhyt … Gars rys on loft my quhillylillie
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 404.
His rubigo began to ryis

e. Of a hunted animal: To rise from cover. a1568 Balnaves Bann. MS 139b/98.
Suppois scho ryis Laich vndir thy fute … scho will suppryis Thy houndis

2. a. To get up from a fall, to regain one's feet; specif. const. neg., to die, to be killed.Not to rise (up) (agane), never to rise alive; to be killed.(1) 1375 Barb. vi 235.
And he fell; bot he smertly ras
Ib. vii 465.
Or he that fallyn wes mycht rys
?1438 Alex. i 1766.
Thair was to-hewin mony hede Or Philote rais out of that stede
Ib. ii 1706.
Delyuerly on fute he ryses
15.. Christis Kirk 46 (M).
He lap quhill he lay on his lendis Bot rysand he was prest
15.. Clar. ii 28.
The uther raise with force
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1919.
And vp he rais in the blude quhair he lay
1673 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 187 (8 July).
He fell to the grund and befoir he raise he had blood
(2) 1375 Barb. xii 527.
Mony a worthi man … wes fellyt … That had na mycht to rys agane
Ib. 556.
And mony gud man fellyt wndre fet, That had na hap to rys [C. ris] wp ȝete
c1420 Wynt. viii 3519.
Qwha sa … fell Had nevyre laysere to ryse agayne
c1475 Wall. v 966.
Rays neuir agayne quhat ane at he hyt rycht
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 666.
Sum fell, quhilk rais not ȝit agane

b. fig. To recover from a spiritual fall, or from a state of sin or error. a1450 Fifteen Ois 217.
Thow mak me of my synnis ris
c1460 Vert. Mess (S.T.S.) 59.
It … garis hyme be mare abile to rys out of his syne
1490 Irland Mir. I 53/24.
Syn bindis … him in syn, that he rys nocht als fere as he may
?a1500 Remembr. Passion 80.
O Lord … that tholit Peter … to deny thé thris, and gaif him grace to ris
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 21/4.
And ressoun bids me rys
1525 St. A. Formulare I 271.
Quhill tha forbeire ther oppin synnis … and ryise fra this terrible cursing and interdictioun
1562-3 Winȝet I 76/12.
The iust man sinnis seuin tymes on the day, and rysis agane
a1568 Bann. MS 50b/52.
Gif perchance we fall in deidly syn Ȝit we may ryis agane & mend our mis
1596 Dalr. I 1/16.
The radier walde thay ryse frome thair darke errouris

3. To get up (from sleep or rest); to get out of bed.(1) pres. 1375 Barb. v 556.
The king had in custome ay For to rys arly ilk day
c1450-2 Howlat 200 (A).
Thai mak residence raith and airly will rys To kepe the college clene
a1500 K. Hart 761.
I reid ȝe ryse, Thair is ane grit pairt of this fayr day run
c1500 Makc. MS x 29.
Fra that we sleip quhill that we ryis
1513 Doug. viii vii 91.
The puyr wife … rysys fortobeit hir fyre
1531 Bell. Boece I 166.
The Scottis began to rise ilk day in esperance of better fortoun
1535 Stewart 53919.
Out of his bed at midnycht [they] gart him ryis
1551 Hamilton Cat. 161.
Ryse thow that sleipis
1560 St. A. Kirk S. 69. 1567 G. Ball. 58.
This present dede … in to sleip sall changeit be: To rest, syne ryis
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 143.
He desyris me to cum and se him ryse the morne betyme
1584 Cal. Sc. P. VII 208.
To pray to God to helpe me ryst in the morning
c1650 Spalding I 18.
He … walkint him to rys
proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 711.
He that wald thrive sould ryse at five
p.t. a1400 Leg. S. xxvi 101.
The mornyng quhen he rase
c1420 Wynt. vi 1298.
The child fra slepe thare-efftyr ras
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1326. a1500 Seven S. 1336.
This wyf rais in the morne airly
a1508 Kynd Kittok 17 (Ch. & M.).
Scho slepit quhill the morne at none, et rais airly
1559 St. A. Kirk S. 23.
Sche rais … to hir eies
1631 Dumbarton B. Rec. 37.
Johne Buchanane lying in a bed … besyd hir, suddenly raise and strak hir
1657 Misc. Hist. Soc. VII 15.
Fryday: made fowre score of lines before I raise
(b) a1500 Lanc. 384.
Arly he ros
1528 Lynd. Dreme 68.
So vp I rose and clethit me
1567 Crim. Trials I i 494.
John Galloway ruse and let them furth
p.p. ?1438 Alex. ii 10895.
This was ane day in the morning That rissin was the nobill king
c1420 Wynt. v 4219.
The sleparys sevyn than ryssyn [C. resyn] were That slepand lay thre hundyr yhere
15.. Clar. i 1177.
a1578 Pitsc. I 47/2.
Albeit he had never ryssin out of his bede
(2) 1375 Barb. vii 198.
In full gret hy thai rais wp than
?1438 Alex. ii 436.
Richteous king, rise vp in hy
c1475 Wall. vi 630.
Than rais thai wp
1560 Rolland Seven S. 8337.
Vp I rais and past to my librair
1567 G. Ball. 117.
Gude Lord, ryse up and na mair sleip
proverb. a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS No. 1165.
Ryse up in the morning kep a glaik or the leav ryse

b. To get up from a sickbed or childbed; to recover from illness. 1494 Loutfut MS 37b.
Folkis new rising fra seiknes
1571 St. A. Kirk S. 362.
viij dayis eftir sche be … risin furtht of hir cheilbedlair
1576 Digest Justiciary Proc. I 22.
Scho wes new rissin out of geissing
1610 Dalyell Darker Superst. 53.
[He] took his bed and never rase again

4. To rise from the dead, to come back from death to bodily, or spiritual life.(1) pres. a1400 Leg. S. i 132.
Ger myn sowne … Ryse, at is deit gane fowre ȝere
Ib. xiv 80.
The angel his trumpe sal blav, & ger thame ryse that lyis law
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 315.
Thy elderis banis ilk nycht rysis … thay may not rest nor ly
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 17/67.
We sall ris compleit And tak oure flesche agane
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 128/17.
Ane naturall body sall ryise ane spirituall bodye
1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 234.
And syne to ryis in flesch and bane
a1599 Rollock Wks. I 301.
Lukis thou ever to ryse again?
1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. 413.
He contractit … to ryse to lyf at his prayers when he suld choppe thryse vpon his biere
p.t. 1375 Barb. xv 249.
Pasche day, Quhen God rais for to sauf mankin
a1400 Leg. S. xxv 717.
Sancte Mercure thane ras hastely At the bydinge of that laydy
c1420 Wynt. v 3474.
The dede body ras … And tuk a spere in till hys hand
c1450-2 Howlat 474 (A). a1568 Bann. MS 28a/33. 1685 Sinclair Satan's Inv. World 156.
A great doctor of divinity that raise out of the bier and spoke to all that were present
p.p. a1400 Leg. S. i 380.
I am resine
1490 Irland Mir. II 101/24.
A man has ryssyn fra deid to lif inmortale
Ib. 101/26.
1567 G. Ball. 79.
Gif ȝe haif rissin from deide agane with Christ
(2) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 12/19.
Chryst … Is lyk a lyone rissin up agane
1533 Gau 34/6.
His aune body sal ris wp agane apone the day off dome
Ib. 68/22.
The grawis opnit and mony bodis of sanctis … rais wp

b. fig. To ‘rise’ from the ‘death’ of mortal sin. 1551 Hamilton Cat. 15.
Be the exempil of our salviour we suld ryse spiritually … We suld ryse to ane new lyfe. Quhen we ar ryssing we suld nocht dee agane be committing dedlie synne

5. Of a person or community: To take up arms; to present oneself in arms prepared, or as prepared, to fight.Also const. agane, aganis, apon, contrar, in (someone's) contrairie.Common in Wynt.(1) 1375 Barb. xiii 439.
The king … Held in his gud men ner him by For drede that ris agayne suld thai
1397 Acts I 208/2.
Al … the kyngis legis sal helpe & suppouel the … officeris. … And gif ony … risis nocht with the kingis officeris [etc.]
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2112.
The king Thelaphus … ras And yrously apon thaim come With armed men
c1420 Wynt. iv 887.
How oure frendys off Spartany … hallyly In till oure suppowale ras
Ib. 1968 (W).
As hawtane heris thai will rys
Ib. viii 4411 (R).
Hys men in hy so till hym rays That the erle … ways Off na powere wyth hym to fycht
1456 Hay I 125/15.
Quhen ever a baroun risis to mak were on his king … he fallis in the crime of lese mageste
Id. Alex. (S.T.S.) 2375.
Thus garris thame rys sic maistrie for to ma
1504 Breadalbane Doc. No. 32.
That ȝe … obey to the said … lieutennand and rise and pas with him bodin one ȝoure best wis with vittalis and expensis
1526–7 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 83.
All men to rys to the fray quhair it happinis to be
1565 Reg. Privy C. I 357.
Charge … thair liegis … that thai on na wayis ryis, concur, nor assist with the saidis rebellis
1572 Sempill Sat. P. xxxviii 52.
Ȝe maid vs the Reid Freiris and rais in an hour
1597 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. fol. 157b.
That the haill cuntraymen ryis and resist them
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xl 19.
To follou thee Affectioun tuk the feeld … Reson rais, ay shotfrie vnder sheeld
1639 Peebles B. Rec. I 375.
The fourt man of the kingdome behovit to ryse in airmes
c1650 Spalding II 61.
That we, the Scottis, sould not stur, nor ryss, nor meddill, in the English bussines
(b) 1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I 8.
That al … be sworne to rise … in the defence of the toune … and quhasa will noght riese and absentis him willfully, he sal … be bannysit out of the toune
(2) c1420 Wynt. vii 1632.
On ilk syde gret partyis Heyly begowth to rys [C. rysse]
1432 Acts II 21/2.
Gif … the cuntre rise nocht, … herande the kingis horne [etc.]
1526 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 81.
The said communite … sall rys … and pas … to the fraye
1544 Treas. Acc. VIII 340.
And all other placis thairabout to rys at the sycht of the balis upoun Arthuir Sait [etc.]
a1578 Pitsc. I 239/12.
Gif Scotland war inwaidit with ony strangeris that Ingland sould ryse vpone the king of Inglandis expensis
a1605 Birrel Diary 50.
Thair wes sic ioy that the canons shott, the bellis rang. … The toune rais in armes with schutting of muskettis [etc.]
(3) a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 33/28.
Ryis vp … Mak weir on thame as commoun inimie
c1590 Fowler II 127/33.
The hole multitud … raise vp … and vtterlye destroyed … the hale famelie
(4) 1375 Barb. iii 310.
He saw sua the king be discumfyt twys And sa feile folk agayne him rys
?1438 Alex. ii 9315.
Alexander, that … dantis all that agane him rysis
c1420 Wynt. ii 1379. c1515 Asl. MS I 191/4.
He with the Brettanis rais apon ws
1549 Compl. 25/12.
Ilk ane sal ryise contrar vthirs, ande ilk man sal be aduersair tyl his nychtbour
1567 G. Ball. 111.
Quhen men rais in our contrairie
1576 Reg. Privy C. II 550.
Gif ony … rebellis … cumis within our boundis … we sall ryise togidder aganis thame
a1578 Pitsc. I 115/14.
It was onpossibill to him to be pairtie to the said erle gif he pleissit rys aganis him and gif him battell

b. To rebel or make insurrection agane, aganis(t a lawful or established authority. c. To offer opposition without violence.b. 1375 Barb. i 573.
That Brwys, that presumyt swa Aganys him to brawle or rys
c1420 Wynt. i 1541.
Agayne hys fadyre irowsly Than he ras
Ib. v 3800.
On na kyn wys Thynk I agayne that law to rys
Ib. vi 842.
As … The kyng was rydand … Off hys awyne curt [al] suddanly Agayne hym ras a cumpany
c1515 Asl. MS I 213/16.
Thair rais ane Welche sqwyere aganis him callit Ewyne of Glendoure
a1538 Abell 125b. a1578 Pitsc. I 117/29.
Ȝour barronis that hes rissin aganis ȝow
1683 Erskine Diary 7.
Some noblemen … haveing a design to rize in arms against the government
c. 1513 Doug. x ii 94.
Al to layt, with thyne iniust complantis Aganyst ws thou rysis

d. To ris of (someone's) danger, ? to throw off (their) control by armed opposition. But perh. merely fig. use of an earlier sense. c1475 Wall. ii 240.
Off thar danger God mak ws for to rys

e. To become active; to bestir oneself; to make oneself available. a1400 Leg. S. vi 295.
I … prais … That thw mycht ryse & luf vith oth[i]re
1523 Aberd. B. Rec. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 142.
Al maner of ȝong able men within this toun duelland to ris & obey to thame [sc. Lords of Bonaccord] quhen thai ar requirit

6. Of an assembly, court or the like: To adjourn.(1) 1501 Treas. Acc. II 114.
The chekker rais furth of the freris and passit to Schir Adam Crechtonis hous
1518 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 48.
Befor the rising of the balyeis and or the [sic] be ressyn
1550–1 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 153.
The haill aucht seriands to convene in the tolbuith daylie the tyme that the prouest and baillies sittis … and remayne contenually quhill thai ryse
1555 Acts Sederunt i 56.
That the tabill be callit dalie at the last hour befoir none or thai ryise
1564 Linlithgow Sheriff Ct. 15 April.
Afoir the congregatioun rais
1567 Acts III 32/2.
Thay sall … sit daylie … quhil Palmesonday … and than to ryse … quhill … efter Law Sonday
1578 Ib. 104/2. 1586 Rait & Cameron King James's Secret 68.
This parliament is rissin and contenewit to the xv day of Februar
1587 Acts III 447/2.
Thairefter the Sessioun … to ryse
1624 Black Orkn. & Shetl. Folklore 133.
The haill assyse … fyllis hir in the haill pointis off dittay … except … anent William Spens' dittay … quhairanent they rys [pr. ryf] clauso ore
1637 Baillie I 22.
After the councill raise [etc.]
1656 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 233.
They werr commanded … to desist from medling any more in that business or otherwise to rise [ed. ruse]
(2) 1500 Acta Conc. II 464.
Efter that the Lordis was rysin up
c1650 Spalding II 267.
The assemblie … raiss wp and dissoluit

7. a. Of a siege: To cease, to be raised. b. Of an army: To break camp.a. 1558-66 Knox II 68.
That the seige wald ryse, and that the Inglis army wald depairt
b. 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 32.
The haill army rais and come to Seytoun … and that nycht laid thair camp at. … The morne … thaj rais and brunt Dunbar … and on the xxx day thai past to Berwick

II. To mount up, to ascend.

8. Of the heavenly bodies, also, transf., of day: To appear above the horizon, to ascend in the sky. Also fig.pres. c1460 Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 8.
The sonne rysis in the est, and gays to in the west
c1515 Asl. MS I 159/12. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 471.
Ȝit haif I solace, undir serk, quhill the sone ryse
1546 Rec. Earld. Orkney 231.
One ane daye betuix the sone rissin and goin to rest
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics i 218.
Averso cedens Canis occidit astro, ryses backward
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 87/62.
Fra tyme the sunne dois ryse And whill the euening he remanis away At lesume labour
p.t. c1420 Wynt. viii 1760 (W).
Airely in the mornyng, Or the sone rais
1513 Doug. ii xii 78.
The day starn, Lucifer the brycht, Abuf the top of Ida rays
1535 Stewart 56758.
It [sc. the moon] schane rycht fair and bricht Quhen that it rais
a1550 Tayis Bank 26.
The reid sone rais
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2591.
Efter the sone rais
1600-1610 Melvill 58.
A terrible comet … rease nightlie in the south-weast
1624 Melrose P. 583.
[They] come, afoir the sune raise, to the said dammheade
(b) c1552 Lynd. Mon. 151.
Phebus … rose in habyte gaye
p.p. 1375 Barb. iv 166.
On the morn, quhen day wes lycht, And sone wes ryssyn
?1438 Alex. ii 4072.
The sone was rysing [li solaus fu levés] and schynit bricht
c1475 Wall. iii 119.
1490 Irland Mir. I 101/25.
And thus the bricht Lucifere had rysyn in myrknes
1533 Bell. Livy II 66/1.
Sone eftir the son was rissing [pr. rissin]
Arundel MS 274/3.
On loft is ryssyn the gret illumynar
1562 Prestwick B. Rec. 66.
transf. ?1438 Alex. ii 582.
To-morne, quhan day can rys
a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS No. 1447.
What better is the house that the da ryses in the morning
fig. 15.. Dunb. App. viii 3.
Jerusalem … , Jesus the sterne of most bewte In thé is rissin
Ib. xi 27.
The sterne of glory is rissyn ws to gyd

9. To ascend or move upwards. a. Of smoke, dust, mist and the like. 1375 Barb. iv 130.
And the rek rais rycht wondre fast
Ib. xi 621.
Sic a stew rais … Off aneding … And off powdyr that sic myrknes In-till the ayr abowyne thaim wes
?1438 Alex. ii 4305.
The dust that rais troubled the air
c1475 Wall. vii 579.
The strang stour rais as reik vpon thaim
1513 Doug. iii viii 130.
The blak laithly smoke that oft dyd rys As thunderis blast
Ib. v iii 74.
The fomy stowr of sey rays
1533 Boece 280.
Thai saw manifestlie ane blak cloude ryis
c1540 Lynd. Syde Taillis 45. 15.. Clar. iv 1611.
When mistie vapours rysis from the vaile
a1578 Pitsc. II 79/33.
He saw ane clud ryse of … mist
1590 Crim. Trials I ii 211.
Quhilk causit ane vapour and ane reik to ryis

b. Of other things. 1375 Barb. iii 525.
Water fra the hart will rys And weyt the eyne
c1475 Wall. viii 1054.
The rude low rais full heych
1513 Doug. ii v 14.
Quhen the takynnyng, or the bail of fyre, Rays from the kyngis schip, vp byrnand schyre
Ib. v iii 34.
The arys rays, thre rawis on athir syde
Ib. xii v 156.
Belyve our all the lyft vp semyt rys The fell tempest of dartis
1567 Anderson Collect. Mary II 182.
They saw the house riseand and heard the crack

c. fig. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 163/94.
The rerd of thame rais to the sky
1513 Doug. xii ii 31.
The fervent fyre of schame rysys on hie

10. Of water, the sea, a river, etc.: To increase in height or rise in level. b. Of fermenting liquid: To swell up. 1375 Barb. iv 444.
The wynd … gert the land-bryst rys
Ib. iii 718. c1420 Wynt. iv 200 (C).
The rywere off Ewfrate … than risande [W. waxin, R. rysand] was of spate
a1500 K. Hart 78.
About the wall thair ran ane water void … Boldning to ryis the castell to confound
c1515 Asl. MS I 166/6.
In that cuntre the se rysis wp to the cluddis lyke to drovne the erd
1535 Stewart 53021. c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1435.
The fludis rose
1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I 12.
The said … stank to be maid rys na hichtar nor the said … seller flure
1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 823.
Thair will na river ryse for raine
1621 Perth Kirk S. MS 17 Oct.
In the nicht onloukit for the watter raise so heich that … they behoueit to go to heich houssis
b. 1688 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII 257.
The barme was rysing up

11. To swell or become distended; to appear as a swelling.(1) a1500 Seven S. 1192.
His wame was rissyn with sic inflature … that nane mycht se The wand of his wirilite
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 163.
A roust that is sa rankild quhill risis my stomok
a1568 Scott xxxiv 54.
Ȝour play [is] sone peruertit Fra that thair belly rys
1500-1699 Herbarius Latinus Annot. (Bot.).
That takynis that the leuer is rissand & brekand
1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 72.
His finger was also raisen in blay blisters
(2) a1508 Kynd Kittok 31 (Ch. & M.).
Quhill a gret clour Rais in hir heid

b. fig. Of the heart: To become elated. 1456 Hay I 59/19.
His hert rais in his breste

12. To extend upwards from the ground or other base; to form an elevation from the level. c1420 Wynt. i 984 (C).
Be northe thir landis … Standis the hil of Cawcasus … Swa risande in til summyte
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 34.
On every syde the hegies raise on hicht
1513 Doug. i vi 105.
Ȝone place … Quhar now rysis ȝone large wallis stowt Of New Cartage
Ib. vii 55.
The entre rays with hie stagis of bras
1531 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 64.
The inner part of the roundis quhilkis rises abone the allering
1541 Ib. 285.
The chymnayis and wyndois rysing in the thak
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1720.
[The tower] rose lyke one heych montane
1596 Dalr. I 135/14.
Gret kairnis of stanes … ryseng vpe poyntlings lyke a steiple
1672 Soc. Ant. XIV 330.
[The tabling] which for the present lowppes or ryses from the corners higher along the front

b. To be constructed or built. 1611 Macgibbon & Ross V 6.
The said Williame binds … him as the work ryisss [sic in pr.] to work the same sufficientlie

13. Of birds: To mount up in flight, to take wing. c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 8.
Up raise the lark
1528 Lynd. Dreme 112.
With that thay rais [sc. birds] & flew furth

III. To attain to a higher state or degree.

14. To advance in power, consequence, possessions, honours or state.(1) c1420 Wynt. v Prol. 26.
The west kynryk begouth to rys As the est begouth to fayle
Ib. vi 1949.
Quhen fyrst he to rys began
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 133/63.
Evir moir as he dois rys
1531 Bell. Boece II 494.
The Duk of Lanson, richt invyful that Scottis suld rise in ony landis or honouris within France
Id. Livy I 8/4.
The impire of Romanis … is increscit and rissin in sic magnificence and hicht that [etc.]
1533 Gau 26/27.
Ony oder mortal man quhow grit that ewer rwis thair power
1626 Garden Worthies 86.
As manie raise to be renoun'd in Rome
(2) c1420 Wynt. v 1026.
And Nerva, quhen that he wes dede, Ras [W. Wes] empryowre in tyll his stede

b. To attain to (till) pre-eminence, rank or wealth. c1420 Wynt. iii 504.
[It] Wes devynyd, or he wes borne, That off gret wyrschype [he] suld be, And rys to state and dignyte
Ib. v 1793.
Wndyr hym … The kyrk ras till possessiownys Off rentys
Ib. vii 3046 (W).
The Besettis … grew … to gret stait and mycht And rais vp ay to hieare hicht
1490 Irland Mir. I 10/22.
And than … rais to hie powere, The … empyre of Cartage
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 182/22.
Ane rebald to renoun dois ryis

15. To increase in number, amount or degree. a1500 Colk. Sow ii 170.
Lerne fyve wittis … Set in nummer thay rys and multeply Thay may nevir moir fruct in felicity
Ib. iii 8.
How that the two pennyis rais in ascens
Ib. 69.
Lyk martiris killit off quhome the mirreitis rysis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 368.
Quhill hely raise my renoune amang the rude peple
1513 Doug. ii vi 2.
Throu the cite … The murmur rays, ay mair and mair … And clerar wolx the rumour and the dyne
1533 Bell. Livy I 261/1.
Vertew euery day rais mare and mare in him
1676 Edinb. B. Rec. X 284.
That the pryces of cheiss and butter does ryss

b. To become dearer, to increase in price, to rise to higher prices. 1468 Acts II 92/1.
Considering alsa that the penny worthis ar rysin with the penny and mekle derrar than thai war wont to be
1555–6 Edinb. B. Rec. II 230.
Forsamekle as the … victuallis … ar risyn to sic ane exorbitand darth
1588 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 171.
Foreyne gold now rissin to ane exhorbitant price
1604 Urie Baron Ct. 8.
Smeddie collis was risseyn to hiecher prycis
1609 Elgin Rec. I 232.
The … derth of bootis and shoone … daylie ryseis to heicher priceis
a1657 Balfour in Cochran-Patrick Coinage I lxxv.
The wnce of siluer did risse to 30 s.

c. The mercattis ryesing, prices increasing. Cf. Rais(e v. 30 b. 1624 Conv. Burghs III 164.
The … factouris … does buye … at ane wane mercatt and thairefter quhen they find the mercattis ryesing they sell

IV. To spring up, to arise.

16. Of a person or (a class of) persons: To come upon the scene, to appear or arise, to be born.(1) 1375 Barb. xix 181.
Other in thar sted sall rys That sall conn litill of that mastrys
a1400 Leg. S. xxxvi 380.
Ymang the sonnis … Of women that rase to this day Mare nane thane Johnn the Baptiste
c1420 Wynt. i Prol. 100 (E).
As of angell and of man First to ryse the kynd began
Ib. ii 540 (R).
The kyng … That in tylle Egypt ras of newe
Ib. iii 2. 1456 Hay I 148/29.
A tyrane man is rysyn in the land
c1515 Asl. MS I 185/14.
Vnto the tyme that Moyses rais
?a1500 Steel Roy Robert 88.
Than Henslot … rais on ȝow to ring
1531 Bell. Boece II 7.
Now ar rissin in Britane mony rank and forcy young men
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5173.
Thare sall ryse … the cruell Antechrist
1562-3 Winȝet II 50/5.
Gif a prophet sal ryis in the middis of thee
a1578 Pitsc. II 136/9.
Gif I be brunt … thair sall ane hunder ryse in the asse of my bones better nor I
a1586 Kamington in Maitland Geneal. Setoun 40.
Quhen Phillip deit, good Alexander rais
(2) 1560 Rolland Seven S. 29.
Thre strangers [sc. vices] rais vp in that cietie

b. Of a devil or evil spirit: To appear, esp. as a result of incantation. a1540 Freiris Berw. 507 (M).
Hurlbasie anone I coniure thé That vp thow ryse
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 124.
At the convention of the wiches, that thair rysis ane blak beist amangis thame
1630 Justiciary Cases I 144.
To charge him [sc. the Devil] to ryse up foule theiff

17. To grow, sprout or spring up. 1531 Bell. Boece I vii.
Ane crownit king … With tendir downis rising on his beird
1533 Boece 81b.
That ȝong men rising fra barne age suld narowlie and scharplie be tretit
1611-57 Mure Dido & Æneas ii 509.
Ascanius rising
1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 89.
Lentils, the seeds rise and mile growes abondantly towards Saumer

18. To begin to exist; to flourish; to come about, occur. a. Of an emotion or idea. 1375 Barb. xx 264.
Fra his folk wist he wes ded The sorow rais
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1123.
Than sall ressoun ryse, rax, and ring
1513 Doug. i ix 6.
Quhat purpos now … Rysis in thy breist?

b. Of doubt, dissension, discord, strife, discontent or hatred. Also, of a legal action.Also const. amang(is, betuix (betuene) the parties.(1) 1375 Barb. x 683.
Thar mycht men se gret bargane ris
c1420 Wynt. iv 1780.
Giff ony dout suld rys Quha suld succede
Ib. 1912.
Thare ras a suddane were
14.. Acts I 22/2.
Of mutis and playntis that rysis in burgh
a1500 K. Hart 877. 1529 Lynd. Complaynt 351.
In court rais gret debait
1533 Bell. Livy I 78/29.
[There] began to rise ilk day occult slauchteris and cruelteis in his ciete
1543 Douglas Corr. 152.
The suspitione rissin of ȝow
1549 Lamb Resonyng 53/15.
Nor quhen the insurrectioun of the commonis rais last
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 9.
With brawlings lichtly rysing
a1585 Maitland Maitl. Q. 81/2.
Sair is the recent murmour and regrait Amang the leigis rissin of the lait
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 75/6.
For this cause thaire neuir raise faction in the tyme of my minoritie
1622 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XX 99.
Ane upror that rais anent the electioune of the majestrats
proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 31.
About mine and thyne ryses meikle stryfe
(2) 1375 Barb. vii 627.
Amang thaim sodanly Thar rais debate
c1420 Wynt. ix 130. 1531 Bell. Boece I 144.
Detestand the inopertune seditioun rising amang the Pichtis
1549 Compl. 173/15.
Discentione and diuisione raise amang the principal Romans
Ib. 87/9.
1561 Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 150/22.
This grit variance quhilk is rissin now laitlie amangis Christiane men
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 429/2.
The recent murmur and regrat Amang the leges rysin off the lait
a1578 Pitsc. I 89/4.
Thir ciwell wearis rysand amang our selffis
(3) 1416 Liber Melros 539.
That discorde … risand betwix … the Abbot … of Melros … and … John the Hage
14.. Burgh Laws c. 18 (A).
Gif … contok risis betwene the partis of sic men within haffyn [etc.]
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 850.
Rude reknyng raise thair renkis betuene
1531 Bell. Boece I 162.
Rais gret contentioun betwix the Scottis and Pichtis for certane debaitabill landis
a1538 Abell 112b. 1549 Lamb Resonyng 91/9. 1596 Dalr. I 215/7.
Betueine thame, rase hatred and inuie
c1616 Hume Orthog. 18.
Ther rease … a hoat disputation betuene him and me

c. Of a condition, process, etc., esp. a harmful or unpleasant one. c1420 Wynt. ii 305.
In Egypte that fertylyte Begowth to rys in Josephys dayis
Ib. v 3125.
Quhare that infortune sall rys
1498 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 74.
The daynger of perilous seiknes of pestilence now rissin in the eist pairts
1512 (c1580) Ib. 136.
This contagious seiknes of pestilence laitlie rissin
1513 Doug. vi ii 51.
Virgyn, na kynd of pane may rys Onknaw to me
1517 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 173.
The … derth that is rissin of the maile [= meal]
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5452.
Than sall ryse trybulationis
1561 Inverness Rec. I 62.
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 431/69.
Now sic darthe is resin all man seis That cost ane pound befoir nou costis thre
1602 Edinb. B. Rec. V 301.
In respect of the infectioun of pestilence laitlie rissin in Wardlawis clois

d. Of an institution or community: To come into being; to be founded or set up. c1420 Wynt. i 92.
Off matrymony the sacryment Than rase
1490 Irland Mir. MS fol. 354.
Than rais ane realme perdurable without end
c1515 Asl. MS I 311/26.
Than rais the realme of Sytham
1533 Gau 104/22.
The sekkis … quhilk ar rissine laitlie in the kirk

19. To proceed or issue from a source; to originate in or ensue from; to descend from.Const. various prepositions, also (once) infinitive verb.(1) 1375 Barb. xi 497.
Throu a word … Comford may rys and hardyment
a1400 Leg. S. i 263.
For of syn ay batal risise
Ib. vii 671.
Of thame thane sa gret stink rase
?1438 Alex. i 3018.
To saif his lyfe thair micht na wis Honour na proffit to ȝow ris
14.. Burgh Laws c. 30 (B).
Ony thyng qwhar for bataile mycht ryse
1460 Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 288.
Throw quhilk thair rais a sclander
c1475 Wall. i 44. 1490 Irland Mir. II 78/22.
The ferd ressoune cummys and rysis of the … iustice of God
1494 Loutfut MS 29a.
Sa gret watteris that it wer lik of thaim rais a rycht gret flud
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 64 heading.
And trew luve rysis fro the splene
1533 Bell. Livy I 227/22.
The noyes and clamoure rising be this bergane
1541 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 106.
Murmure that may rise heirupoun
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 51. c1590 Fowler II 159/29.
Bot incace other tymes and occurences had fallen out … his ruine thairfrom sone had rissing
1592 Acts (1597) ii 127b.
Seeing that diverse exceptiones and objectiones risis vpon criminall libelles, and parties frustrat of iustice, be alleged irrelevancie thereof
c1616 Hume Orthog. 9.
Af this voual ryseth tual dipthonges
(2) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 145/151.
O [Rose] … Fro the stok ryell rysing fresche and ȝing
(3) 1547 Lerwick Sheriff Ct. 11 March in Shetland Archives SC 12/65/3.
The quhilkis land rays of my mother

b. Of a country: To have its boundary, to begin at a specified place. c1420 Wynt. i 1285.
It [sc. Italy] rysis at the Alpis he And haldys on to the Mekyll Se

20. Of wind, storm or other elemental forces: To get up; to begin to blow, rage, etc. a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii 601.
A gret wynd rase
1456 Hay I 63/18.
Thare rais a wynd in his palace
Id. Alex. (S.T.S.) 143.
Than rais sic thounder fyrflaucht and tempest That [etc.]
1513 Doug. iii x 62.
A fair wynd … Rays of the north
1554 Knox III 287.
The storme was not yet risen
a1578 Pitsc. II 81/3.
Thair raise so great ane bobe of wind out of the sie … that [etc.]
1596 Dalr. II 200/22.
In Edinburgh … rais sik a wind and wethir that [etc.]
1600-1610 Melvill 252.
We could nocht haiff rowed to land, if anie drow haid rissen
c1650 Spalding I 83.
On the night thair raiss ane horribill heiche wynd
1662 Crim. Trials III 607.
We lay the wind in the Divellis name, [It sall not] ryse quhill we … lyk to rease it again

b. Of a fire: To break out. 1668 Glasgow Merchants House 36.
Suddane fyre ryses frequentlie in this place
1670 Inverness Rec. II 239.
Ane sudden fyre ryseine with[i]n ane little tornach

21. Of a harsh or confused sound: To strike upon the ear, freq. in a loud manner; to be emitted.See also 19 Bell. Livy and 1541. 1375 Barb. iv 416.
The cry rais hidwysly and hey
c1475 Wall. x 284.
The rerd at rays quhen sperys in sondyr glaid
a1500 Colk. Sow i 207.
Than dyn rais and dirray: Stok hornis blew stout
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 227.
Of laidis and lownis thair rysis sic ane noyis
1513 Doug. i xi 61.
Than rays the noys quhill dynnyt rufe and wallis
1533 Bell. Livy II 10/9.
Herand the huge noyis and gilde rissin … amang the pepill
15.. Christis Kirk 135 (M).
The rerde rais rudlie with the rappis Quhen rungis was layd on riggis
15.. Clar. ii 1420.
Up raise bricht Phebus … Up raise the noise of birdis upon loft
1566 Cal. Sc. P. II 312.
[Before the] crak rais [she passed to the window]
a1568 Scott ii 56.
Ane freynd … hard the rumor ryis
1574 Davidson Three Reformers 115.
All the voces there that rais
1596 Dalr. II 295/14.
Rais thairabout throuch the craking of the gunis sik a sound
1600 Reg. Privy C. VI 855.
[There] ryissis ane schoute in the clois

b. Of an articulate cry or shout: To be uttered loudly.Const. clause complement or without const.(a) 1375 Barb. x 662.
Than throw the castell rais the cry, ‘Tresoune!’
?1438 Alex. ii 4075.
Endlang the citie rais the cry
c1475 Wall. iv 671.
The scry sone rais the bald Loran was dede
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iv 336.
And than fra hand in the court rais the skry That Desperance was deid without debait
(b) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2932.
And to the dike he kest thaim dovne; That the cry rois in the towne

22. Of rumour, report, intelligence or fame: To spread or circulate, to become current. c1420 Wynt. ii 1529.
Sik name ras off that reall route That [etc.]
Ib. viii 2139.
Swa ras [C. rasse] thare swne rycht hey fame Off the Walays
1460 Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 288.
Throw quhilk thair rais a sclander preuelie That [etc.]
1533 Bell. Livy I 131/24.
This rumoure rais pece and pece throw the ciete
1563 St. A. Kirk S. 162.
The deponar never suspect evyll … quhill the word rays that [etc.]
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 56.
The rumouris spred of hir … rais not all of nathing
a1578 Pitsc. II 318/14.
The bruit thairof being risin throche the towne
1596 Dalr. I 287/17.
A rumour about this tyme rais in the cuntrie
1623 Perth Kirk S. MS 11 Aug.
Johne Beg … is accuseit wpone ane great sclander rissin of him that [etc.]
1633 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 546.
The word did ryse that the kow was seik
1670 Glasgow B. Rec. III 126.
Many male reportis ar rysen by their bordle houssis so keepit

V. tr. 23. a. To lift up (a banner) (or perh. merely the present tense of Rais(e v.) b. To utter (a shout).a. 1460 Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 1167.
The ost begane to move, the baneris rais
b. 1460 Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 2167.
With that into the hall thai rais ane schoute; Thay schup to armes

24. To raise, in various senses. 1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 102.
To four quaryouris rysand the said calsay
1541 Soc. Ant. III 161.
Abone the walter tabill … to ryse cunteranis of buttreis vpoune the said east gauill
Ib. 162. 1567–8 Crim. Trials I i 492.
Treasonably risand fyre … with ane grite quantitie of pouder
1594 Colville Lett. 120.
It is best to ryis him with a vage of his awin wood
1597–8 Reg. Privy C. V 440.
[They] intendit treasounablie to have rissin fyre
1627 Misc. Hist. Soc. I 93.
I sall ryse criminall letteris aganis … tham
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II 43.
The barrone may … punishe them that ryses fyre recleslie within his barronie

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