A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Ris(e, v. Also: rys(e, rize, ryis(e, rijse; riese, ryes; riss(e, ryss(e, ryiss-; ryst. P.t. ras(e, raase, race; rais(e, raiss, rays(e; rease; reis; rasse; ros(e, rois, ruse, rwis. P.p. ris-, rysin, -ing, -yn, -en; rysyne, -eine, -an; riss-, ryssin(e, -yn, rissing, -en, -eyn; resin(e, -yn(e, ressyn; raisen. [ME and e.m.E. rise(n (c1200), rese, rise, rijs (all Cursor M.), rysse (1556); p.t. north. Eng. raas, ras(e (Cursor M.), midl. and south. ros (c1200); p.p. risenn (Orm), resin (14th c.), rare OE rísan (rás, rison, risen), ON rísa (pres. riss; p.t. reis, pl. risu; p.p. risinn), OFris. rīsa, etc. See also Risit. ‘In early ME the use of rise for arise [Arise v.] is prominently [sic] northern, and may be mainly due to the influence of ON rísa’ (OED).] In many senses, esp. senses 1–6, with complement up.

I. intr. 1. To get up from a posture of sitting, lying or kneeling; to stand up, to get to one's feet. Also transf. (1) pres. In till His name I commawnd thé That … Thou ryse; Leg. S. iv 214.
Ryse of this place I ne vil, Til [etc.]; Ib. vi 90.
All his membris brisit sa that he mycht nocht rys na ga; Hay II 160/35.
With appetit rys fra thi meit; Dietary in
Makc. MS xiv 4.
He bad hyr rys, and said it was nocht rycht, A queyn on kneis till ony lavar wycht; Wall. viii 1229.
Vpstart King Hart … And baldlie bad his folk all with him ryse; K. Hart 212.
Than till his meting couth scho rys; Seven S. 1383.
Ryse and gar mak our denner reddie; Lynd. Meldrum 1027.
He may not ryise furth of his bed without ane staff and help of his seruandis; 1562 Crim. Trials I i 422.
Thocht in lust of lufe sum lyis So lang without remeid to rys; Bann. MS 286b/12.
Bothwell rysis agane and … rynnis to the quene; Buch. Detect. 79.
He that sittis doun … to eit … Syne rysis wp and lattis his grace ower pass, Sittis doun lyk ane ox and rysis lyk ane ass; a1589 Maxwell in Paisley Mag. (1828) 383.
1623 Elgin Rec. II 180.
p.t. The consul … Rase & hailist hym honorabli; Leg. S. xxvi 365.
Fra kyngis siege ritht sone he race; Troy-bk. i 322.
Rase; Wynt. viii 5241.
(b) Rais; Barb. iii 567.
Sche rais on fute; Irland Mir. I 133/9.
The grewhound … Waikly rais as he best micht; Seven S. 470.
We rays and went on burd; Doug. iii viii 27.
Quhar for I rais and returnit to the fresche feildis; Compl. 42/22.
Elizabeth Arnot … rays in the essemble; 1561 St. A. Kirk S. 107.
With that he rais and reikit me this bill, And tuik gude nycht; 1567 Sat. P. iii 230.
Heir we began to mow … and so raise; Bann. Trans. 167.
Rayse; Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 264.
Rayis; Montg. Ch. & Slae 287 (W).
He … raise in high passion; 1637 Baillie I 16.
(c) And he raase, and went into his hous; Nisbet Matth. ix 7.
(d) Jhone Dury … rease out of his seat and caught him in his armes; Melvill 128.
Efter lang conference … we rease and past out; Ib. 404.
(e) Then Reason rose … Quoth he [etc.]; Montg. Ch. & Slae 1337 (Wr.).
p.p. [They] rysyn had fra thare prayere; Wynt. vii 231.
(2) Off his chiar … This kynge Eglon rase [R. ras] wp; Wynt. iii 42 (C).
The armyt men, was in the cartis brocht, Rais wp; Wall. ix 730.
Vp dois scho rys [Sm. rise]; Doug. vi ix 159.
Rijse; Nisbet Acts xxii 16.
He rais wp … & beguth to dance; Abell 124b.
Vp he rais rycht fraklie on his feit; Stewart 36480.
Ryis vp, Lowry; Lynd. Sat. 2473 (B).
Than vp scho rais and … coverit ane burde; Freiris Berw. 260 (M).
Vp rais the king … Thankit the knicht; Rolland Seven S. 7228.
Scho reis sone vp and askit hir schone; Bann. MS 141b/56.
Thay me demandit gif I wald assent With thame to go … So vp I rays and furth the wayis went we; Maitl. Q. 224/37.
To ryis wp and stand on ther feit and confess ther falt; 1624 Elgin Rec. II 183.

b. With inanimate subject. I … In the corn myn howk doun lade … Than vp it ras deliuerly, And be it-self mare corn schare; Leg. S. i 226.
Rise, gentill jasp, … Out of this fen; Henr. Fab. 110.

c. To regain an upright from an inclining position, as in rowing. Men mycht se mony frely fute … As thai on ayris rais rowand; Barb. iii 580.

d. Of the penis: To become erect. Ȝour hals quhyt … Gars rys on loft my quhillylillie; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 41/34.
His rubigo began to ryis; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 404.

e. Of a hunted animal: To rise from cover. Suppois scho ryis Laich vndir thy fute … scho will suppryis Thy houndis; Balnaves Bann. MS 139b/98.

2. a. To get up from a fall, to regain one's feet; specif. const. neg., to die, to be killed. Not to rise (up) (agane), never to rise alive; to be killed. (1) And he fell; bot he smertly ras; Barb. vi 235.
Or he that fallyn wes mycht rys; Ib. vii 465.
Thair was to-hewin mony hede Or Philote rais out of that stede; Alex. i 1766.
Delyuerly on fute he ryses; Ib. ii 1706.
He lap quhill he lay on his lendis Bot rysand he was prest; Christis Kirk 46 (M).
The uther raise with force; Clar. ii 28.
And vp he rais in the blude quhair he lay; Rolland Seven S. 1919.
He fell to the grund and befoir he raise he had blood; 1673 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 187 (8 July).
(2) Mony a worthi man … wes fellyt … That had na mycht to rys agane; Barb. xii 527.
And mony gud man fellyt wndre fet, That had na hap to rys [C. ris] wp ȝete; Ib. 556.
Qwha sa … fell Had nevyre laysere to ryse agayne; Wynt. viii 3519.
Rays neuir agayne quhat ane at he hyt rycht; Wall. v 966.
Sum fell, quhilk rais not ȝit agane; Lynd. Meldrum 666.

b. fig. To recover from a spiritual fall, or from a state of sin or error. Thow mak me of my synnis ris; Fifteen Ois 217.
It … garis hyme be mare abile to rys out of his syne; Vert. Mess (S.T.S.) 59.
Syn bindis … him in syn, that he rys nocht als fere as he may; Irland Mir. I 53/24.
O Lord … that tholit Peter … to deny thé thris, and gaif him grace to ris; Remembr. Passion 80.
And ressoun bids me rys; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 21/4.
Quhill tha forbeire ther oppin synnis … and ryise fra this terrible cursing and interdictioun; 1525 St. A. Formulare I 271.
The iust man sinnis seuin tymes on the day, and rysis agane; Winȝet I 76/12.
Gif perchance we fall in deidly syn Ȝit we may ryis agane & mend our mis; Bann. MS 50b/52.
The radier walde thay ryse frome thair darke errouris; Dalr. I 1/16.

3. To get up (from sleep or rest); to get out of bed. (1) pres. The king had in custome ay For to rys arly ilk day; Barb. v 556.
Thai mak residence raith and airly will rys To kepe the college clene; Howlat 200 (A).
I reid ȝe ryse, Thair is ane grit pairt of this fayr day run; K. Hart 761.
Fra that we sleip quhill that we ryis; Makc. MS x 29.
The puyr wife … rysys fortobeit hir fyre; Doug. viii vii 91.
The Scottis began to rise ilk day in esperance of better fortoun; Bell. Boece I 166.
Out of his bed at midnycht [they] gart him ryis; Stewart 53919.
Ryse thow that sleipis; Hamilton Cat. 161.
1560 St. A. Kirk S. 69.
This present dede … in to sleip sall changeit be: To rest, syne ryis; G. Ball. 58.
He desyris me to cum and se him ryse the morne betyme; Buch. Detect. (1727) 143.
To pray to God to helpe me ryst in the morning; 1584 Cal. Sc. P. VII 208.
He … walkint him to rys; Spalding I 18.
proverb. He that wald thrive sould ryse at five; Carmichael Prov. No. 711.
p.t. The mornyng quhen he rase; Leg. S. xxvi 101.
The child fra slepe thare-efftyr ras; Wynt. vi 1298.
Henr. Fab. 1326.
This wyf rais in the morne airly; Seven S. 1336.
Scho slepit quhill the morne at none, et rais airly; Kynd Kittok 17 (Ch. & M.).
Sche rais … to hir eies; 1559 St. A. Kirk S. 23.
Johne Buchanane lying in a bed … besyd hir, suddenly raise and strak hir; 1631 Dumbarton B. Rec. 37.
Fryday: made fowre score of lines before I raise; 1657 Misc. Hist. Soc. VII 15.
(b) Arly he ros; Lanc. 384.
So vp I rose and clethit me; Lynd. Dreme 68.
John Galloway ruse and let them furth; 1567 Crim. Trials I i 494.
p.p. This was ane day in the morning That rissin was the nobill king; Alex. ii 10895.
The sleparys sevyn than ryssyn [C. resyn] were That slepand lay thre hundyr yhere; Wynt. v 4219.
Ryssine; Clar. i 1177.
Albeit he had never ryssin out of his bede; Pitsc. I 47/2.
(2) In full gret hy thai rais wp than; Barb. vii 198.
Richteous king, rise vp in hy; Alex. ii 436.
Than rais thai wp; Wall. vi 630.
Vp I rais and past to my librair; Rolland Seven S. 8337.
Gude Lord, ryse up and na mair sleip; G. Ball. 117.
proverb. Ryse up in the morning kep a glaik or the leav ryse; Ferg. Prov. MS No. 1165.

b. To get up from a sickbed or childbed; to recover from illness. Folkis new rising fra seiknes; Loutfut MS 37b.
viij dayis eftir sche be … risin furtht of hir cheilbedlair; 1571 St. A. Kirk S. 362.
Scho wes new rissin out of geissing; 1576 Digest Justiciary Proc. I 22.
[He] took his bed and never rase again; 1610 Dalyell Darker Superst. 53.

4. To rise from the dead, to come back from death to bodily, or spiritual life. (1) pres. Ger myn sowne … Ryse, at is deit gane fowre ȝere; Leg. S. i 132.
The angel his trumpe sal blav, & ger thame ryse that lyis law; Ib. xiv 80.
Thy elderis banis ilk nycht rysis … thay may not rest nor ly; Kennedy Flyt. 315.
We sall ris compleit And tak oure flesche agane; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 17/67.
Ane naturall body sall ryise ane spirituall bodye; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 128/17.
And syne to ryis in flesch and bane; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 234.
Lukis thou ever to ryse again? Rollock Wks. I 301.
He contractit … to ryse to lyf at his prayers when he suld choppe thryse vpon his biere; Hamilton Facile Tr. 413.
p.t. Pasche day, Quhen God rais for to sauf mankin; Barb. xv 249.
Sancte Mercure thane ras hastely At the bydinge of that laydy; Leg. S. xxv 717.
The dede body ras … And tuk a spere in till hys hand; Wynt. v 3474.
Howlat 474 (A).
Bann. MS 28a/33.
A great doctor of divinity that raise out of the bier and spoke to all that were present; Sinclair Satan's Inv. World 156.
p.p. I am resine; Leg. S. i 380.
A man has ryssyn fra deid to lif inmortale; Irland Mir. II 101/24.
Rysyn; Ib. 101/26.
Gif ȝe haif rissin from deide agane with Christ; G. Ball. 79.
(2) Chryst … Is lyk a lyone rissin up agane; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 12/19.
His aune body sal ris wp agane apone the day off dome; Gau 34/6.
The grawis opnit and mony bodis of sanctis … rais wp; Ib. 68/22.

b. fig. To ‘rise’ from the ‘death’ of mortal sin. Be the exempil of our salviour we suld ryse spiritually … We suld ryse to ane new lyfe. Quhen we ar ryssing we suld nocht dee agane be committing dedlie synne; Hamilton Cat. 15.

5. Of a person or community: To take up arms; to present oneself in arms prepared, or as prepared, to fight. Also const. agane, aganis, apon, contrar, in (someone's) contrairie. Common in Wynt. (1) The king … Held in his gud men ner him by For drede that ris agayne suld thai; Barb. xiii 439.
Al … the kyngis legis sal helpe & suppouel the … officeris. … And gif ony … risis nocht with the kingis officeris [etc.]; 1397 Acts I 208/2.
The king Thelaphus … ras And yrously apon thaim come With armed men; Troy-bk. ii 2112.
How oure frendys off Spartany … hallyly In till oure suppowale ras; Wynt. iv 887.
As hawtane heris thai will rys; Ib. 1968 (W).
Hys men in hy so till hym rays That the erle … ways Off na powere wyth hym to fycht; Ib. viii 4411 (R).
Quhen ever a baroun risis to mak were on his king … he fallis in the crime of lese mageste; Hay I 125/15.
Thus garris thame rys sic maistrie for to ma; Id. Alex. (S.T.S.) 2375.
That ȝe … obey to the said … lieutennand and rise and pas with him bodin one ȝoure best wis with vittalis and expensis; 1504 Breadalbane Doc. No. 32.
All men to rys to the fray quhair it happinis to be; 1526–7 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 83.
Charge … thair liegis … that thai on na wayis ryis, concur, nor assist with the saidis rebellis; 1565 Reg. Privy C. I 357.
Ȝe maid vs the Reid Freiris and rais in an hour; 1572 Sempill Sat. P. xxxviii 52.
That the haill cuntraymen ryis and resist them; 1597 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. fol. 157b.
To follou thee Affectioun tuk the feeld … Reson rais, ay shotfrie vnder sheeld; Montg. Misc. P. xl 19.
The fourt man of the kingdome behovit to ryse in airmes; 1639 Peebles B. Rec. I 375.
That we, the Scottis, sould not stur, nor ryss, nor meddill, in the English bussines; Spalding II 61.
(b) That al … be sworne to rise … in the defence of the toune … and quhasa will noght riese and absentis him willfully, he sal … be bannysit out of the toune; 1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I 8.
(2) On ilk syde gret partyis Heyly begowth to rys [C. rysse]; Wynt. vii 1632.
Gif … the cuntre rise nocht, … herande the kingis horne [etc.]; 1432 Acts II 21/2.
The said communite … sall rys … and pas … to the fraye; 1526 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 81.
And all other placis thairabout to rys at the sycht of the balis upoun Arthuir Sait [etc.]; 1544 Treas. Acc. VIII 340.
Gif Scotland war inwaidit with ony strangeris that Ingland sould ryse vpone the king of Inglandis expensis; Pitsc. I 239/12.
Thair wes sic ioy that the canons shott, the bellis rang. … The toune rais in armes with schutting of muskettis [etc.]; Birrel Diary 50.
(3) Ryis vp … Mak weir on thame as commoun inimie; Maitland Maitl. F. 33/28.
The hole multitud … raise vp … and vtterlye destroyed … the hale famelie; Fowler II 127/33.
(4) He saw sua the king be discumfyt twys And sa feile folk agayne him rys; Barb. iii 310.
Alexander, that … dantis all that agane him rysis; Alex. ii 9315.
Wynt. ii 1379.
He with the Brettanis rais apon ws; Asl. MS I 191/4.
Ilk ane sal ryise contrar vthirs, ande ilk man sal be aduersair tyl his nychtbour; Compl. 25/12.
Quhen men rais in our contrairie; G. Ball. 111.
Gif ony … rebellis … cumis within our boundis … we sall ryise togidder aganis thame; 1576 Reg. Privy C. II 550.
It was onpossibill to him to be pairtie to the said erle gif he pleissit rys aganis him and gif him battell; Pitsc. I 115/14.

b. To rebel or make insurrection agane, aganis(t a lawful or established authority. c. To offer opposition without violence. b. That Brwys, that presumyt swa Aganys him to brawle or rys; Barb. i 573.
Agayne hys fadyre irowsly Than he ras; Wynt. i 1541.
On na kyn wys Thynk I agayne that law to rys; Ib. v 3800.
As … The kyng was rydand … Off hys awyne curt [al] suddanly Agayne hym ras a cumpany; Ib. vi 842.
Thair rais ane Welche sqwyere aganis him callit Ewyne of Glendoure; Asl. MS I 213/16.
Abell 125b.
Ȝour barronis that hes rissin aganis ȝow; Pitsc. I 117/29.
Some noblemen … haveing a design to rize in arms against the government; 1683 Erskine Diary 7.
c. Al to layt, with thyne iniust complantis Aganyst ws thou rysis; Doug. x ii 94.

d. To ris of (someone's) danger, ? to throw off (their) control by armed opposition. But perh. merely fig. use of an earlier sense. Off thar danger God mak ws for to rys; Wall. ii 240.

e. To become active; to bestir oneself; to make oneself available. I … prais … That thw mycht ryse & luf vith oth[i]re; Leg. S. vi 295.
Al maner of ȝong able men within this toun duelland to ris & obey to thame [sc. Lords of Bonaccord] quhen thai ar requirit; 1523 Aberd. B. Rec. in Mill
Mediæv. Plays 142.

6. Of an assembly, court or the like: To adjourn. (1) The chekker rais furth of the freris and passit to Schir Adam Crechtonis hous; 1501 Treas. Acc. II 114.
Befor the rising of the balyeis and or the [sic] be ressyn; 1518 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 48.
The haill aucht seriands to convene in the tolbuith daylie the tyme that the prouest and baillies sittis … and remayne contenually quhill thai ryse; 1550–1 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 153.
That the tabill be callit dalie at the last hour befoir none or thai ryise; 1555 Acts Sederunt i 56.
Afoir the congregatioun rais; 1564 Linlithgow Sheriff Ct. 15 April.
Thay sall … sit daylie … quhil Palmesonday … and than to ryse … quhill … efter Law Sonday; 1567 Acts III 32/2.
1578 Ib. 104/2.
This parliament is rissin and contenewit to the xv day of Februar; 1586 Rait & Cameron King James's Secret 68.
Thairefter the Sessioun … to ryse; 1587 Acts III 447/2.
The haill assyse … fyllis hir in the haill pointis off dittay … except … anent William Spens' dittay … quhairanent they rys [pr. ryf] clauso ore; 1624 Black Orkn. & Shetl. Folklore 133.
After the councill raise [etc.]; 1637 Baillie I 22.
They werr commanded … to desist from medling any more in that business or otherwise to rise [ed. ruse]; 1656 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 233.
(2) Efter that the Lordis was rysin up; 1500 Acta Conc. II 464.
The assemblie … raiss wp and dissoluit; Spalding II 267.

7. a. Of a siege: To cease, to be raised. b. Of an army: To break camp. a. That the seige wald ryse, and that the Inglis army wald depairt; Knox II 68.
b. The haill army rais and come to Seytoun … and that nycht laid thair camp at. … The morne … thaj rais and brunt Dunbar … and on the xxx day thai past to Berwick; Diurn. Occurr. 32.

II. To mount up, to ascend.

8. Of the heavenly bodies, also, transf., of day: To appear above the horizon, to ascend in the sky. Also fig. pres. The sonne rysis in the est, and gays to in the west; Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 8.
Asl. MS I 159/12.
Ȝit haif I solace, undir serk, quhill the sone ryse; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 471.
One ane daye betuix the sone rissin and goin to rest; 1546 Rec. Earld. Orkney 231.
Averso cedens Canis occidit astro, ryses backward; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Georgics i 218.
Fra tyme the sunne dois ryse And whill the euening he remanis away At lesume labour; James VI Poems I 87/62.
p.t. Airely in the mornyng, Or the sone rais; Wynt. viii 1760 (W).
The day starn, Lucifer the brycht, Abuf the top of Ida rays; Doug. ii xii 78.
It [sc. the moon] schane rycht fair and bricht Quhen that it rais; Stewart 56758.
The reid sone rais; Tayis Bank 26.
Efter the sone rais; Rolland Seven S. 2591.
A terrible comet … rease nightlie in the south-weast; Melvill 58.
[They] come, afoir the sune raise, to the said dammheade; 1624 Melrose P. 583.
(b) Phebus … rose in habyte gaye; Lynd. Mon. 151.
p.p. On the morn, quhen day wes lycht, And sone wes ryssyn; Barb. iv 166.
The sone was rysing [li solaus fu levés] and schynit bricht; Alex. ii 4072.
Rysyne; Wall. iii 119.
And thus the bricht Lucifere had rysyn in myrknes; Irland Mir. I 101/25.
Sone eftir the son was rissing [pr. rissin]; Bell. Livy II 66/1.
On loft is ryssyn the gret illumynar; Arundel MS 274/3.
Resin; 1562 Prestwick B. Rec. 66.
transf. To-morne, quhan day can rys; Alex. ii 582.
What better is the house that the da ryses in the morning; Ferg. Prov. MS No. 1447.
fig. Jerusalem … , Jesus the sterne of most bewte In thé is rissin; Dunb. App. viii 3.
The sterne of glory is rissyn ws to gyd; Ib. xi 27.

9. To ascend or move upwards. a. Of smoke, dust, mist and the like. And the rek rais rycht wondre fast; Barb. iv 130.
Sic a stew rais … Off aneding … And off powdyr that sic myrknes In-till the ayr abowyne thaim wes; Ib. xi 621.
The dust that rais troubled the air; Alex. ii 4305.
The strang stour rais as reik vpon thaim; Wall. vii 579.
The blak laithly smoke that oft dyd rys As thunderis blast; Doug. iii viii 130.
The fomy stowr of sey rays; Ib. v iii 74.
Thai saw manifestlie ane blak cloude ryis; Boece 280.
Lynd. Syde Taillis 45.
When mistie vapours rysis from the vaile; Clar. iv 1611.
He saw ane clud ryse of … mist; Pitsc. II 79/33.
Quhilk causit ane vapour and ane reik to ryis; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 211.

b. Of other things. Water fra the hart will rys And weyt the eyne; Barb. iii 525.
The rude low rais full heych; Wall. viii 1054.
Quhen the takynnyng, or the bail of fyre, Rays from the kyngis schip, vp byrnand schyre; Doug. ii v 14.
The arys rays, thre rawis on athir syde; Ib. v iii 34.
Belyve our all the lyft vp semyt rys The fell tempest of dartis; Ib. xii v 156.
They saw the house riseand and heard the crack; 1567 Anderson Collect. Mary II 182.

c. fig. The rerd of thame rais to the sky; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 163/94.
The fervent fyre of schame rysys on hie; Doug. xii ii 31.

10. Of water, the sea, a river, etc.: To increase in height or rise in level. b. Of fermenting liquid: To swell up. The wynd … gert the land-bryst rys; Barb. iv 444.
Ib. iii 718.
The rywere off Ewfrate … than risande [W. waxin, R. rysand] was of spate; Wynt. iv 200 (C).
About the wall thair ran ane water void … Boldning to ryis the castell to confound; K. Hart 78.
In that cuntre the se rysis wp to the cluddis lyke to drovne the erd; Asl. MS I 166/6.
Stewart 53021.
The fludis rose; Lynd. Mon. 1435.
The said … stank to be maid rys na hichtar nor the said … seller flure; 1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I 12.
Thair will na river ryse for raine; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 823.
In the nicht onloukit for the watter raise so heich that … they behoueit to go to heich houssis; 1621 Perth Kirk S. MS 17 Oct.
b. The barme was rysing up; 1688 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII 257.

11. To swell or become distended; to appear as a swelling. (1) His wame was rissyn with sic inflature … that nane mycht se The wand of his wirilite; Seven S. 1192.
A roust that is sa rankild quhill risis my stomok; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 163.
Ȝour play [is] sone peruertit Fra that thair belly rys; Scott xxxiv 54.
That takynis that the leuer is rissand & brekand; Herbarius Latinus Annot. (Bot.).
His finger was also raisen in blay blisters; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 72.
(2) Quhill a gret clour Rais in hir heid; Kynd Kittok 31 (Ch. & M.).

b. fig. Of the heart: To become elated. His hert rais in his breste; Hay I 59/19.

12. To extend upwards from the ground or other base; to form an elevation from the level. Be northe thir landis … Standis the hil of Cawcasus … Swa risande in til summyte; Wynt. i 984 (C).
On every syde the hegies raise on hicht; Dunb. G. Targe 34.
Ȝone place … Quhar now rysis ȝone large wallis stowt Of New Cartage; Doug. i vi 105.
The entre rays with hie stagis of bras; Ib. vii 55.
The inner part of the roundis quhilkis rises abone the allering; 1531 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 64.
The chymnayis and wyndois rysing in the thak; 1541 Ib. 285.
Rysan; Ib. [The tower] rose lyke one heych montane;
Lynd. Mon. 1720.
Gret kairnis of stanes … ryseng vpe poyntlings lyke a steiple; Dalr. I 135/14.
[The tabling] which for the present lowppes or ryses from the corners higher along the front; 1672 Soc. Ant. XIV 330.

b. To be constructed or built. The said Williame binds … him as the work ryisss [sic in pr.] to work the same sufficientlie; 1611 Macgibbon & Ross V 6.

13. Of birds: To mount up in flight, to take wing. Up raise the lark; Dunb. G. Targe 8.
With that thay rais [sc. birds] & flew furth; Lynd. Dreme 112.

III. To attain to a higher state or degree.

14. To advance in power, consequence, possessions, honours or state. (1) The west kynryk begouth to rys As the est begouth to fayle; Wynt. v Prol. 26.
Quhen fyrst he to rys began; Ib. vi 1949.
Evir moir as he dois rys; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 133/63.
The Duk of Lanson, richt invyful that Scottis suld rise in ony landis or honouris within France; Bell. Boece II 494.
The impire of Romanis … is increscit and rissin in sic magnificence and hicht that [etc.]; Id. Livy I 8/4.
Ony oder mortal man quhow grit that ewer rwis thair power; Gau 26/27.
As manie raise to be renoun'd in Rome; Garden Worthies 86.
(2) And Nerva, quhen that he wes dede, Ras [W. Wes] empryowre in tyll his stede; Wynt. v 1026.

b. To attain to (till) pre-eminence, rank or wealth. [It] Wes devynyd, or he wes borne, That off gret wyrschype [he] suld be, And rys to state and dignyte; Wynt. iii 504.
Wndyr hym … The kyrk ras till possessiownys Off rentys; Ib. v 1793.
The Besettis … grew … to gret stait and mycht And rais vp ay to hieare hicht; Ib. vii 3046 (W).
And than … rais to hie powere, The … empyre of Cartage; Irland Mir. I 10/22.
Ane rebald to renoun dois ryis; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 182/22.

15. To increase in number, amount or degree. Lerne fyve wittis … Set in nummer thay rys and multeply Thay may nevir moir fruct in felicity; Colk. Sow ii 170.
How that the two pennyis rais in ascens; Ib. iii 8.
Lyk martiris killit off quhome the mirreitis rysis; Ib. 69.
Quhill hely raise my renoune amang the rude peple; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 368.
Throu the cite … The murmur rays, ay mair and mair … And clerar wolx the rumour and the dyne; Doug. ii vi 2.
Vertew euery day rais mare and mare in him; Bell. Livy I 261/1.
That the pryces of cheiss and butter does ryss; 1676 Edinb. B. Rec. X 284.

b. To become dearer, to increase in price, to rise to higher prices. Considering alsa that the penny worthis ar rysin with the penny and mekle derrar than thai war wont to be; 1468 Acts II 92/1.
Forsamekle as the … victuallis … ar risyn to sic ane exorbitand darth; 1555–6 Edinb. B. Rec. II 230.
Foreyne gold now rissin to ane exhorbitant price; 1588 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 171.
Smeddie collis was risseyn to hiecher prycis; 1604 Urie Baron Ct. 8.
The … derth of bootis and shoone … daylie ryseis to heicher priceis; 1609 Elgin Rec. I 232.
The wnce of siluer did risse to 30 s.; a1657 Balfour in Cochran-Patrick Coinage I lxxv.

c. The mercattis ryesing, prices increasing. Cf. Rais(e v. 30 b. The … factouris … does buye … at ane wane mercatt and thairefter quhen they find the mercattis ryesing they sell; 1624 Conv. Burghs III 164.

IV. To spring up, to arise.

16. Of a person or (a class of) persons: To come upon the scene, to appear or arise, to be born. (1) Other in thar sted sall rys That sall conn litill of that mastrys; Barb. xix 181.
Ymang the sonnis … Of women that rase to this day Mare nane thane Johnn the Baptiste; Leg. S. xxxvi 380.
As of angell and of man First to ryse the kynd began; Wynt. i Prol. 100 (E).
The kyng … That in tylle Egypt ras of newe; Ib. ii 540 (R).
Ib. iii 2.
A tyrane man is rysyn in the land; Hay I 148/29.
Vnto the tyme that Moyses rais; Asl. MS I 185/14.
Than Henslot … rais on ȝow to ring; Steel Roy Robert 88.
Now ar rissin in Britane mony rank and forcy young men; Bell. Boece II 7.
Thare sall ryse … the cruell Antechrist; Lynd. Mon. 5173.
Gif a prophet sal ryis in the middis of thee; Winȝet II 50/5.
Gif I be brunt … thair sall ane hunder ryse in the asse of my bones better nor I; Pitsc. II 136/9.
Quhen Phillip deit, good Alexander rais; Kamington in Maitland Geneal. Setoun 40.
(2) Thre strangers [sc. vices] rais vp in that cietie; Rolland Seven S. 29.

b. Of a devil or evil spirit: To appear, esp. as a result of incantation. Hurlbasie anone I coniure thé That vp thow ryse; Freiris Berw. 507 (M).
At the convention of the wiches, that thair rysis ane blak beist amangis thame; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 124.
To charge him [sc. the Devil] to ryse up foule theiff; 1630 Justiciary Cases I 144.

17. To grow, sprout or spring up. Ane crownit king … With tendir downis rising on his beird; Bell. Boece I vii.
That ȝong men rising fra barne age suld narowlie and scharplie be tretit; Boece 81b.
Ascanius rising; Mure Dido & Æneas ii 509.
Lentils, the seeds rise and mile growes abondantly towards Saumer; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 89.

18. To begin to exist; to flourish; to come about, occur. a. Of an emotion or idea. Fra his folk wist he wes ded The sorow rais; Barb. xx 264.
Than sall ressoun ryse, rax, and ring; Henr. Fab. 1123.
Quhat purpos now … Rysis in thy breist? Doug. i ix 6.

b. Of doubt, dissension, discord, strife, discontent or hatred. Also, of a legal action. Also const. amang(is, betuix (betuene) the parties. (1) Thar mycht men se gret bargane ris; Barb. x 683.
Giff ony dout suld rys Quha suld succede; Wynt. iv 1780.
Thare ras a suddane were; Ib. 1912.
Of mutis and playntis that rysis in burgh; Acts I 22/2.
K. Hart 877.
In court rais gret debait; Lynd. Complaynt 351.
[There] began to rise ilk day occult slauchteris and cruelteis in his ciete; Bell. Livy I 78/29.
The suspitione rissin of ȝow; 1543 Douglas Corr. 152.
Nor quhen the insurrectioun of the commonis rais last; Lamb Resonyng 53/15.
With brawlings lichtly rysing; Buch. Detect. (1727) 9.
Sair is the recent murmour and regrait Amang the leigis rissin of the lait; Maitland Maitl. Q. 81/2.
For this cause thaire neuir raise faction in the tyme of my minoritie; James VI Basil. Doron 75/6.
Ane upror that rais anent the electioune of the majestrats; 1622 Bk. Old Edinb. C. XX 99.
proverb. About mine and thyne ryses meikle stryfe; Carmichael Prov. No. 31.
(2) Amang thaim sodanly Thar rais debate; Barb. vii 627.
Wynt. ix 130.
Detestand the inopertune seditioun rising amang the Pichtis; Bell. Boece I 144.
Discentione and diuisione raise amang the principal Romans; Compl. 173/15.
Ryes; Ib. 87/9.
This grit variance quhilk is rissin now laitlie amangis Christiane men; Q. Kennedy Compendious Ressonyng (ed.) 150/22.
The recent murmur and regrat Amang the leges rysin off the lait; Maitland Maitl. F. 429/2.
Thir ciwell wearis rysand amang our selffis; Pitsc. I 89/4.
(3) That discorde … risand betwix … the Abbot … of Melros … and … John the Hage; 1416 Liber Melros 539.
Gif … contok risis betwene the partis of sic men within haffyn [etc.]; Burgh Laws c. 18 (A).
Rude reknyng raise thair renkis betuene; Gol. & Gaw. 850.
Rais gret contentioun betwix the Scottis and Pichtis for certane debaitabill landis; Bell. Boece I 162.
Abell 112b.
Lamb Resonyng 91/9.
Betueine thame, rase hatred and inuie; Dalr. I 215/7.
Ther rease … a hoat disputation betuene him and me; Hume Orthog. 18.

c. Of a condition, process, etc., esp. a harmful or unpleasant one. In Egypte that fertylyte Begowth to rys in Josephys dayis; Wynt. ii 305.
Quhare that infortune sall rys; Ib. v 3125.
The daynger of perilous seiknes of pestilence now rissin in the eist pairts; 1498 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 74.
This contagious seiknes of pestilence laitlie rissin; 1512 (c1580) Ib. 136.
Virgyn, na kynd of pane may rys Onknaw to me; Doug. vi ii 51.
The … derth that is rissin of the maile [= meal]; 1517 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 173.
Than sall ryse trybulationis; Lynd. Mon. 5452.
Resyne; 1561 Inverness Rec. I 62.
Now sic darthe is resin all man seis That cost ane pound befoir nou costis thre; Maitland Maitl. F. 431/69.
In respect of the infectioun of pestilence laitlie rissin in Wardlawis clois; 1602 Edinb. B. Rec. V 301.

d. Of an institution or community: To come into being; to be founded or set up. Off matrymony the sacryment Than rase; Wynt. i 92.
Than rais ane realme perdurable without end; Irland Mir. MS fol. 354.
Than rais the realme of Sytham; Asl. MS I 311/26.
The sekkis … quhilk ar rissine laitlie in the kirk; Gau 104/22.

19. To proceed or issue from a source; to originate in or ensue from; to descend from. Const. various prepositions, also (once) infinitive verb. (1) Throu a word … Comford may rys and hardyment; Barb. xi 497.
For of syn ay batal risise; Leg. S. i 263.
Of thame thane sa gret stink rase; Ib. vii 671.
To saif his lyfe thair micht na wis Honour na proffit to ȝow ris; Alex. i 3018.
Ony thyng qwhar for bataile mycht ryse; Burgh Laws c. 30 (B).
Throw quhilk thair rais a sclander; Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 288.
Wall. i 44.
The ferd ressoune cummys and rysis of the … iustice of God; Irland Mir. II 78/22.
Sa gret watteris that it wer lik of thaim rais a rycht gret flud; Loutfut MS 29a.
And trew luve rysis fro the splene; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 64 heading.
The noyes and clamoure rising be this bergane; Bell. Livy I 227/22.
Murmure that may rise heirupoun; 1541 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 106.
Buch. Wr. 51.
Bot incace other tymes and occurences had fallen out … his ruine thairfrom sone had rissing; Fowler II 159/29.
Seeing that diverse exceptiones and objectiones risis vpon criminall libelles, and parties frustrat of iustice, be alleged irrelevancie thereof; 1592 Acts (1597) ii 127b.
Af this voual ryseth tual dipthonges; Hume Orthog. 9.
(2) O [Rose] … Fro the stok ryell rysing fresche and ȝing; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 145/151.
(3) The quhilkis land rays of my mother; 1547 Lerwick Sheriff Ct. 11 March in
Shetland Archives SC 12/65/3.

b. Of a country: To have its boundary, to begin at a specified place. It [sc. Italy] rysis at the Alpis he And haldys on to the Mekyll Se; Wynt. i 1285.

20. Of wind, storm or other elemental forces: To get up; to begin to blow, rage, etc. A gret wynd rase; Leg. S. xxxviii 601.
Thare rais a wynd in his palace; Hay I 63/18.
Than rais sic thounder fyrflaucht and tempest That [etc.]; Id. Alex. (S.T.S.) 143.
A fair wynd … Rays of the north; Doug. iii x 62.
The storme was not yet risen; 1554 Knox III 287.
Thair raise so great ane bobe of wind out of the sie … that [etc.]; Pitsc. II 81/3.
In Edinburgh … rais sik a wind and wethir that [etc.]; Dalr. II 200/22.
We could nocht haiff rowed to land, if anie drow haid rissen; Melvill 252.
On the night thair raiss ane horribill heiche wynd; Spalding I 83.
We lay the wind in the Divellis name, [It sall not] ryse quhill we … lyk to rease it again; 1662 Crim. Trials III 607.

b. Of a fire: To break out. Suddane fyre ryses frequentlie in this place; 1668 Glasgow Merchants House 36.
Ane sudden fyre ryseine with[i]n ane little tornach; 1670 Inverness Rec. II 239.

21. Of a harsh or confused sound: To strike upon the ear, freq. in a loud manner; to be emitted. See also 19 Bell. Livy and 1541. The cry rais hidwysly and hey; Barb. iv 416.
The rerd at rays quhen sperys in sondyr glaid; Wall. x 284.
Than dyn rais and dirray: Stok hornis blew stout; Colk. Sow i 207.
Of laidis and lownis thair rysis sic ane noyis; Dunb. Flyt. 227.
Than rays the noys quhill dynnyt rufe and wallis; Doug. i xi 61.
Herand the huge noyis and gilde rissin … amang the pepill; Bell. Livy II 10/9.
The rerde rais rudlie with the rappis Quhen rungis was layd on riggis; Christis Kirk 135 (M).
Up raise bricht Phebus … Up raise the noise of birdis upon loft; Clar. ii 1420.
[Before the] crak rais [she passed to the window]; 1566 Cal. Sc. P. II 312.
Ane freynd … hard the rumor ryis; Scott ii 56.
All the voces there that rais; 1574 Davidson Three Reformers 115.
Rais thairabout throuch the craking of the gunis sik a sound; Dalr. II 295/14.
[There] ryissis ane schoute in the clois; 1600 Reg. Privy C. VI 855.

b. Of an articulate cry or shout: To be uttered loudly. Const. clause complement or without const. (a) Than throw the castell rais the cry, ‘Tresoune!’ Barb. x 662.
Endlang the citie rais the cry; Alex. ii 4075.
The scry sone rais the bald Loran was dede; Wall. iv 671.
And than fra hand in the court rais the skry That Desperance was deid without debait; Rolland Ct. Venus iv 336.
(b) And to the dike he kest thaim dovne; That the cry rois in the towne; Troy-bk. ii 2932.

22. Of rumour, report, intelligence or fame: To spread or circulate, to become current. Sik name ras off that reall route That [etc.]; Wynt. ii 1529.
Swa ras [C. rasse] thare swne rycht hey fame Off the Walays; Ib. viii 2139.
Throw quhilk thair rais a sclander preuelie That [etc.]; Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 288.
This rumoure rais pece and pece throw the ciete; Bell. Livy I 131/24.
The deponar never suspect evyll … quhill the word rays that [etc.]; 1563 St. A. Kirk S. 162.
The rumouris spred of hir … rais not all of nathing; Buch. Detect. (1727) 56.
The bruit thairof being risin throche the towne; Pitsc. II 318/14.
A rumour about this tyme rais in the cuntrie; Dalr. I 287/17.
Johne Beg … is accuseit wpone ane great sclander rissin of him that [etc.]; 1623 Perth Kirk S. MS 11 Aug.
The word did ryse that the kow was seik; 1633 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 546.
Many male reportis ar rysen by their bordle houssis so keepit; 1670 Glasgow B. Rec. III 126.

V. tr. 23. a. To lift up (a banner) (or perh. merely the present tense of Rais(e v.) b. To utter (a shout). a. The ost begane to move, the baneris rais; Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 1167.
b. With that into the hall thai rais ane schoute; Thay schup to armes; Hay Alex. (S.T.S.) 2167.

24. To raise, in various senses. To four quaryouris rysand the said calsay; 1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 102.
Abone the walter tabill … to ryse cunteranis of buttreis vpoune the said east gauill; 1541 Soc. Ant. III 161.
Ib. 162.
Treasonably risand fyre … with ane grite quantitie of pouder; 1567–8 Crim. Trials I i 492.
It is best to ryis him with a vage of his awin wood; 1594 Colville Lett. 120.
[They] intendit treasounablie to have rissin fyre; 1597–8 Reg. Privy C. V 440.
I sall ryse criminall letteris aganis … tham; 1627 Misc. Hist. Soc. I 93.
The barrone may … punishe them that ryses fyre recleslie within his barronie; Hope Major Pract. II 43.

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"Ris(e v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 27 Sep 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/rise_v>



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