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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1990 (DOST Vol. VII).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Revengeance, -ans, n. Also: -veng-, -wenge- and -aunce, -ansse, -iance. [Obs. F. revengence (1285 in Greimas), f. revenger Reveng(e v. Cf. obs. e.m.e. reuengeaunce (1541), ‘common in 16th c.’ (OED).Only Sc. in early use, but appar. obs. after 1460.]

1. Revenge, vengeance.(1) a1400 Leg. S. i 410.
I sall ger myn angelis tak Of hym reuengeance son and wrak
Ib. vi 672.
That the pupile To tak rewengeance, war in will
c1420 Wynt. vi 2186.
My purpos hale is nowe For my fadrys dede to ta Revengeans
1456 Hay I 192/2.
I past efterwart and tuke revengeaunce thare apon
(2) a1400 Leg. S. vii 235.
Jerusalem, the fare stede In rewengeans dystroyt wes
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2954.
In rewengeaunce of his was slane, He schot ane dart at him
(3) c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2450.
His schippes for to ga In Thesaly for rewengeaunce Of his grantschir disturbaunce
c1420 Wynt. ii 1450.
On set purpos For to qwyt Wytht gret revengeans that dyspyte
Ib. iv 1402 (C).
For rewengeance [R. for to reveng]
c1460 Consail Vys Man 268.
Thi misdeid askis revengans
1460 Hay Alex. MS 19422.
To cum and sie revengiance for the king

b. Counteraction in anticipation of an attack. = Reveng(e v. 1 c. 1456 Hay I 199/21.
Monkis ar repute as dede fra the warld away. … be all lawis a dede man suld mak na revengeaunce

2. A particular act, or instance, of revenge. c1420 Wynt. iii 467.
That for the tynsalle off his sycht A rewengeans [W. revengeance, C. rewengeansse] he mycht wyn Off all his fays
1456 Hay I 196/16.
He has done this revengeaunce durand his breth and hete of blude

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"Revengeance n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 8 Dec 2022 <>



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