A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Respect, -spec(k, n.1 Also: -specte, -spectt; -spek, -spic; raispaik. [ME and e.m.E. respecte (Chaucer), L. respect- p.p. stem of respicere, whence also F. respect (16th c. in Larousse). See also next.]
1. In (into) respect, variously const. Sometimes written as one word.
In respect of. a. With reference or regard to; in connection with.
(a) The cro … and the enauch of euerilkaman ar lik that is to say in respic of [L. in respectu de] enauch of thar wiffis; Acts I 300/3.
(b) In respect of the clerkis buke … being fund … in the schip libellit; 1561 Reg. Privy C. I 175.
Because maturitiues ar maist necessar in sic affectioun, in respect of maist … dangerous diseis, … sic maist be preparit; Skeyne Descr. Pest 41.
The … Counsall being convenit … in respect of the … dailie kyithing; 1590 (
c1650) Dundee B. Laws 44.
Ane academie nocht obscure … in respecte baith of philosophie and … politick studie; Dalr. I 16/22.
To caus mak … ane ansenye in respect of the wapounschawing; 1638 Dumbarton B. Rec. 55.
b. In view of; because of.
Also, once, in respect to.
(1) And … Patrick to be quyte therfra … in respect of the mariage standing betuixt him and his wyfe forsaid indissolvit; 1564 Bk. Univ. Kirk I 55.
In respect of this deliverance and ordinance the lordis of the chekker ordanis [etc.]; 1567 Elgin Rec. I 41.
Gone now is thair graces In to respect of this foule tratorie; 1570 Sat. P. xiii 212.
In respect of his far distance and misknowledge of the circumstances of the Scottis controversies; 1572–3 Bann. Memor. 295.
That thair was na thing to follow thair wpone in respectt of the loss of the king bot vtter ruwyne; Pitsc. I 20/19.
Thatt [certain burghs] … be nocht subiect to … the act … in respect of the laik of tymmer amangis thame; 1584 Conv. Burghs I 192.
Dalr. I 4/23.
Melville Mem. 40.
In respect of the winter inschetting, he stayit the same [seige] quhill the nixt spring; Chron. Kings 126.
Quhairupone my Lord Advocat … inrespect of the verificationes abone written protestat for wilful error against the persones of assise gif [etc.]; 1629 Bks. Adjournal 30 July.
Lithgow Trav. ii 75.
As also in respeck of their age they might not travell; 1640 Strathendrick 4.
In respect of the irresponsalatie of the persones debitores therin; 1674 Edinb. Test. LXXV 1.
(2) Hee [sc. the Devil] woulde carnally use them, albeit to their litle pleasure, in respect to his colde nature; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 219.
c. In comparison with.
Ony science that is in ws; quhilk we misknaw nocht to be werray smal, in respect of mony wtheris; Winȝet I 66/30.
d. In respect (that), seeing that, considering that; since; in that.
(a) That the … baillies could be na jugis competent … in respect … thai wer juge and pairty; 1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II 209.
He had na place to persew in jugment, in respect that he is ane conventual brother; 1564 Stirling B. Rec. I 82.
Quhais conseill … is … necessar, in respect that in this pestilenciall diseis euerie ane is mair blind nor the moudeuart; Skeyne Descr. Pest 45.
Inrespect thair is nocht to be gottin of commowne guddis to big the calsayis and that [etc.]; 1577 Glasgow B. Rec. I 64.
In respect the awld braysin wechts are worn [etc.]; 1589 Edinb. B. Rec. V 6.
In respecte that his syster Malda was rychtuous heyre of Ingland; Dalr. I 327/13.
Sua he keipit ane hielandman's promes, in respect he sent the gaird to convoy him out of Scottis grund; Birrel Diary 60.
Quhilk fell inrespect it wes opprest with watter; 1609 Hilderstoun Silver Mines I 116b.
Inrespect the like abuse wes in all the rest of the said fairs we left off our persutt of him; 1619 Aberd. Council Lett. I 171, etc.
In respect no ferrie boat went that day for contrarie wynd; 1646 4th Rep. Hist. MSS 510/1.
Admittis Andro Caig … frieman gratis in respect he is maried vpon ane friemanis doughter; 1670 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 5 Nov.
(b) Is to ȝour auld taiblat, it is not abill to be mendit, in raispaik it is sa febill and vaik; c1570 Maxwell Mem. II 138.
2. Regard, consideration, concern.
Quhair luf is perfite, thair of neidis monn be respect to the waik; Nisbet III 343/27.
Mony … without forder respect bot thair awin privat lucre, hes abusit hir hienes linitie; 1564 Reg. Privy C. I 287.
Ane ȝoung man … in quhome the respect of dewtie vanquischit the feir of danger; Buch. Detect. (1727) 31.
We are not moved for any worldly respect; 1580 Facs. Nat. MSS III lxx.
O deith … Quhy art thow so iniust withowt respect To ȝouth and eild and mid age odious; Maitl. Q. 279/2.
The king … giue lousse with les respect the brydill to his crueltie; Fowler II 75/17.
b. To have (a) respect to (vnto), to give heed or consideration to; to take into account.
Also, once, to have respect (gif something is the case).
(1) To dremys, sir, shuld no man have respek; Lanc. 381.
Sa vnto God ȝe haue ane small respek; Rolland Seven S. 3597.
Now, Lord, send thow … hes respek on to all syk As trublitt be with payne; Cullen Chron. Aberd. 50.
I sall hew ane speciall respek to my promise that I hew maid till his lo.; 1609 Crim. Trials II 284.
(b) Gif thow wil have respect to letteral exercition, thow sall find thair generall study in every science; Bell.
Boece I 232.
Thocht … the sam had analyit thare hertis and myndis fra all respect that thai had to thare awne gudis; Id. Livy II 213/34.
My Lord Governour … havand respect to the lettres of salfconduct … ordanis [etc.]; 1551 Reg. Privy C. I 114.
Bot gif ve vil haue respect to the godheid of the Sone, he is al vais equal with the Father; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 141/31.
To maruell … that sa litle respect hes euir bene had to the grammar sculis; Winȝet I 24/13.
That he will have respect to thame that ar injustlye persewed; that he will apardoun thare formar offenses; Knox I 235.
That sentance nocht haiffing respect to the iudgement of God; Pitsc. II 75/26.
(2) We man haif respect gif the said Johnne tynt ony money … within the place of Birssay; 1563–4 Craven Ch. in Orkney II 26.
c. Of a word: To have relationship or reference to (another word).
It [sc. the superlative degree] may conuene witht ony of thame to quhilk it has respec; Vaus (1531) 3.
d. Partiality or favour to, unto or of a person.
Doyng iustice to his subdittis but ony respect of the colletigantis; Bell.
Boece (M) I 208.
Withoute respect tyll ony wycht, Suld kyngs geue euery man thare rycht; Lauder Off. Kings 17.
This emprice hauand sa greit respect And inwart lufe vnto hir sone alone; Rolland Seven S. 172.
To stand xxiiii houris in the joggis, but respect of persounis; 1584 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 98.
He hade great respect to his friends and kinsfolk, quhairby he purchest thair fauor; Hist. Jas. VI (1804) 244.
3. A fact or motive taken into account in reaching a decision or conclusion; a consideration.
(1) [An embassy … whereof Lord James shall be principal—as meetest for many respects]; 1560–1 Cal. Sc. P. I 510.
[These statements] ar baith trew efter diuerse respeckis and co[n]sideraciones; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 122/3.
The publick estait (quilk I mon prefer to all prevat respectis); 1568 Anderson Collect. Mary IV i 118.
Gif that ȝe vnderstude The gude respectis hes thame mufit To mak this ordour, ȝe wald lufe it; 1573 Davidson Sat. P. xlii 133.
Pitsc. II 304/28.
Respeck [: geck]; Philotus 820.
The consaill … for sundrie guid respectis moving thame and for the love they carie towards … thair schoolmaster [etc.]; 1619 J. M. Beale Fife Schools 109.
For Lords of Session none should be Call'd Lords for no respect … Saue only two; 1633 Lithgow Poet. Remains 111.
(2) I haue upon respects committed him to ward; 1566–7 in Tytler Hist. of Scotland (1864) III 412.
The subjectis … transcending the boundis of thair dewitie … upoun prevat respectis; 1576 Reg. Privy C. II 523.
The dome of deid … wpone certanerespectis mitigat be ws; 1590 Digest Justiciary Proc. M 11.
That wpoun quhatsumewir respect he presume not to transgres the meanest poynt of his commissioun; 1638 Aberd. B. Rec. III 142.
b. For his awin respectis, ? for his own ends.
He … now beginis to tir the sklaites af of that matcheless roof, and carie [them] doun to the colledge for his awin respectis; Spalding II 431.
c. In all respeckis, on every point.
That thai … salbe … with his lordschip wsitt and respeckit in all caces and respeckis; 1591 Grant Chart. 180.
4. Deferential regard or esteem.
The luving gude mynde and respect ȝe have to my soverane; 1526 Douglas Corr. 115.
Drumfreis cairies their olde respect to the name of Maxuell; c1621 Melrose P. 433.
Thay … with all submissive respeck and obedience acknowledgeit [etc.]; 1635 Aberd. B. Rec. III 72.
I am with all respek and love a wellwisher to you; 1675 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. viii 33.
b. Standing in society, status.
This honour of barronet sould be conferrit upoun none but upoun knichts and gentlemen of cheife respect for ther birth, place or fortounes [etc.]; 1624 Reg. Privy C. XIII 633.
Rankine … haveing plyed himself much to the hwmore of the Duke of Albany … rose to no meane respect; Mure Hist. Rowallane 251.
5. Of a place: To have respect to, to face, look towards.
In that parte of Albion quhilk to the est has respect [L. quæ orientem spectat], … he beildit … Innernes; Boece 89.
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"Respect n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 5 Aug 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/respect_n_1>
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