A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
(Resounabill,) Reso(u)nable, Resonabil(l, adj. (adv.). Also: resso(u)n-, res(s)i(o)n-, reas(s)o(u)n-, (reosan-) and -abil(l)e, -abyl(l, -abyle, -abell, -aybill, -abble, -eble. [ME and e.m.E. resonabil (Cursor M.), resounable (Rolle), reasonable (1465–6), OF resnable (c1175 in Larousse). Cf. Raisonable adj.] Chiefly attrib.
1. That is based on sound argument or judgment or valid evidence; well-founded, sound, valid, ‘good’.
Freq. with caus, also with defence, excuse, etc.
Passing into next sense.
attrib. (1) Resonable cause amowit That makar of man; Leg. S. iii 337.
At the forsayd … sal mak alienacioun … of na land … bot gyf it be sene misterful and resonabyl cause; 1400 Maxwell Mem. I 140.
(2) Gif ony outhir mar or lesse passis in the kyngis court … thruch ressonable enchesone hym movand; Acts I 11/2.
Bot give thai haue a resonable excusation; 1457 Misc. Spald. C. V 22.
Of the quhilk takyng and exactioun oure souerane lord … knew na … ressonable caus; 1489 Acts II 222/1.
Reasonabill; 1514 Facs. Nat. MSS III xi.
Resonabble; 1526 Douglas Corr. 108.
Thame that beis absent but ane resonabill caus; 1531 Aberd. B. Rec. in Mill Mediæv. Plays 124.
And for certane vthir gude and resonable caussis … we … bundis and oblis ws [etc.]; 1532 Reg. Cupar A. I 315.
To schaw ane ressonabyll caws quhy [etc.]; 1563 St. A. Kirk S. 157.
Ressonabille; 1563 Dunferm. Ann. 212.
Beseikand your grace to tak this my ressonable answer in a guid pairt; 1582 Misc. Spald. C. II 337.
Reassonabill; 1590 Aberd. Council Lett. I 52.
Ressonabell; 1604 Stewart Mem. 112.
None shall goe from thair awin kirk … except they have some urgent necessitie and resonable excuse; 1640 Mouswald Kirk S. 1 July.
Quhairvnto his majestie most willinglie condiscendit, as most ressonable groundis; Spalding I 214.
That he did the same upon a just and reasonable cause; Mackenzie Laws & C. i ix 3 (1678) 74.
(3) Gif he may nocht cum at sic tyme throu causis resonabil, he sal cum alsoune as he gudely may; 1409 Exch. R. IV App. ccx.
Thare is sum tyme certane resoun and caus resonable that excusis the partis; Hay I 264/9.
Ressounable; 1526 Douglas Corr. 110.
That Bellenden cum this xv dais and schaw hir deffenssis resionabyll; 1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 140.
Rolland Seven S. 9342.
predic. Gif him thynkis resounable the caus of the appellacioun, he suld [etc.]; Hay I 286/22.
The saids articles being fundyn be us ressonabyle, conform to Goddis word and not hereticall; 1561 Misc. Bann. C. I 261.
The Lordis of Secreit Counsall hes … considderit the quenis majesteis writting within writtin and findis the samyn ressonabill and convenient; 1566 Reg. Privy C. I 495.
2. That is in accordance with justice or propriety; just, fair or equitable; right or proper.
Passing into next sense.
attrib. (1) Twa thousand marcis … at the resonable termez, as the tymiz hapynnis; 1391 (1473)Lennox Mun. 44.
In qwat other resonable manere that yhow likis; 1400 Facs. Nat. MSS II liii.
Lande … in to resounable place and cuunable; 1408 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 175.
At men fynde … fuyde … for resonable price eftir as the chapis of the cuntre standis; 1424 Acts II 6/2.
The deffendour sal nocht ansuer til him til that unresonabil some [supra a mar some than he aw to do of lauch] bot the resonabil scath … sal be taxyt be leil men of the court; Acts I 6/2.
He aw to … mak a resonabil mendis of the samyn; Quon. Attach. c. 28.
And that is law commoun and resounable custum; Hay I 286/15.
Assigne thé I sall … the nixt vacant, be ressonabill richt; Rauf C. 758.
Thou sall gouerne my pepill … be ressonabill and incorruptibile iustice; Irland Mir. I 6/27.
The counstable suld gif the sentence … or ellis with resonable maner accord thaim as pertanys til gentilnes; Loutfut MS 5b.
1500 Acta Conc. II 448.
Ane resonabill way was found … to discus this pley; Bell. Livy I 54/3.
O Lord, … mak ane ressonable reformatioun On thame; Lynd. Sat. 1161 (B).
Madame, we … hes suir confidence in your grace concernyng the premis and all uther ressoneble efferis; ?1545 Corr. M. Lorraine 139.
1557–8 Aberd. B. Rec. I 307.
And siclyk ane ressonabill metsor to be maid … sua that na caus of complent ma be alleigit eftirwart of extorsioun done to wictuall sellaris; 1561 Aberd. B. Rec. I 335.
I sall mak securitie to Rannald … according as his grace sall think ressonabill and equitabill; 1569 Reg. Privy C. I 672.
To have sum ressonabell dres and ordour tane; 1599 Ib. VI 59.
(b) Ressionable; 1548 Corr. M. Lorraine 233.
(c) Sum speciall and reasounable conditionis anent this werk; 1575 Laing MSS I 25.
Reasonable; Hope Major Pract. II 9.
As they think best and most reassonable; 1675 Glasgow B. Rec. III 198.
(2) The quhilk scho clamys to perten to hyr ressonable dowry; Reg. Maj. c. 48.
A resonabill terce to be maid till hir of all and halle the said Cuthbertis landis; 1492 Douglas Chart. 133.
Hir ressonabill terce of the said lands; 1507 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I 56.
1546 Reg. Privy C. I 51.
Ane just and ressonabyll secund terce; 1566 Prot. Bk. W. Cumming 60b.
Quhilk aucht & suld be ane reasonable thrid part of all … land quhilk the man … hes the time of the … mariage; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Dos.
The reasonabill dowrie of ilk wife is called the terce; Id. Reg. Maj. i 25b.
(3) That bataill is a thing lefull and resonable to be done; Hay I 102/31.
predic. Bot to … prisoun thame … war bot crueltee, and na were resounable; Hay I 237/30.
Nec posse, is it reassonable, suld I be constranit that I may not; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. i 38.
The lordis … concludit wpoun his petitioun that it was ressonabill; Pitsc. I 224/16.
It is just thairfoir and ressonable ȝour discretiounis to knaw quhat my wordis and doctrin ar; Ib. II 61/27.
3. That is within the bounds of reason; that is neither excessive nor inadequate; moderate, adequate. a. Of requests, desires, etc.
Hym thocht his request was resounable; 1391 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 163.
That nane suld sary pas away … That come to ask ony ressonable thing; Wynt. v 892 (W). Wall. xi 471.
Mony thingis are necessar that oure prayere be ressonabile, deuot, acceptabile and admittit; Irland Mir. I 29/2.
And als the saidis Johne salbe pleissand to the said Archibald in hors, hunde, or ony vtheris resonabill gift at the said Archibald requiris; 1538 Breadalbane Coll. No. 48.
The quhilk desyre the saidis provest [etc.] … thocht resinable; 1544 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 430.
This our reassonaybill and gentle petitioning; 1568 Anderson Collect. Mary IV i 123.
This demand appeirit ressonabill to sum; Hamilton Cath. Tr. in Cath. Tr. (S.T.S.) 76/24.
Thair reosanabill desyr; 1583 Waus Corr. 275.
Resonabill; 1627 Aberd. Council Lett. I 268.
Our just griuances and resonable petitions; 1633 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 48/1.
b. Of persons in respect of conduct: Not given to excess, restrained.
[In summer] is it spedefull to be resonable in latis of lufing; Hay II 129/32.
c. Of things more or less measurable as to amount, duration, etc.
The quhilk liberalitee is callit resounable larges, that is the midlyn way betwix the twa,—of fule larges and avarice; Hay II 81/10.
That Jonhe and Robert ther commone menstralis sal haue resonabile dietis circualie throw the nichtbouris of the towne; 1492 Aberd. B. Rec. I 418.
1498 Acta Conc. II 287.
Scho takand hir ressonable mysteris therof; 1499–1500 Ib. 395.
That all maner of cornis … ar cumin doun, and ar sauld upoun reasonabill prices; 1553 Reg. Privy C. I 139.
Vpoun thair expensis, quhilk the jugis thocht ressonabill; 1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II 189.
The said college to be providit of sic ressonable leving that thairin the liberale sciences may be plainlie techit; 1563 Reg. Privy S. V 1 396/2.
Bot they wald be content wytht that resonable travell quhilk he offerit to undirly in tyme to cum; 1570 St. A. Kirk S. 344.
Ressonable allowance being maid to the apprehenders in consideratioun of thair panis; 1571 Reg. Privy C. II 88.
Extending baith handis and visage constantlie to the heavin a reassonable tyme, at lenth he burst furth in these wourdis; Knox I 60.
Thatt … he micht have allowitt to him all … his resonabill charges; 1582 Conv. Burghs I 143.
That my spous … sall nureis … hir sone vpoun the ressonabill expensis of the brokkis of his geir; 1583 Edinb. Test. XIII 124.
The saidis takismen … to … condiscend to sum ressonable ȝeirlie proffite [etc.]; 1592 Acts III 553/2.
Ressonabill; 1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I 356.
Sie that ye tak nothing for your expenses bot that which is ressounable; 1674 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 24 June.
d. More or less adequate but not excessive, ‘fair’, average (in size). Freq. following an indef. adj. Also e. with a quasi- definite unit of measure.
d. That scho may haif sum ressounabill assythment and satisfactioun of byganis; 1585 Acts III 422/1.
Giff I haid atteined to anie reasonable missure thairin [sc. in the art of music]; Melvill 29.
Als longue as bothe the schank and thee bone of any ressonable man of this age; 1611 Reg. Panmure I xcv.
Nothing will sinke into it of any reasonable weight; Lithgow Trav. vi 256.
Whether resorted ane reasonable number of people; 1658 S. Ronaldshay 26.
William Keawen … lyeing seik of bodie … but of ane reassonable remembrance; 1672 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct.) 4 April.
e. It is two reasonable myle Between the miln-steed and the kirk-style; 1688 Hawick Arch. Soc. (1905) 74.
4. Of persons or their attributes: a. Endowed with the faculty of reason. b. Guided by reason, justice or moderation.
a. Thare sall men that ar callit resonable do mare bestly dedis; Hay I 64/32.
Quhy ravys thou and thou man resonabile; Liber Plusc. 384.
Creaturis intellectuall and ressonable; Irland Mir. II 8/25.
God … maid thé ane ressonabill creatour; Remembr. Passion 411.
b. Quhen a man is veritable and resonable, he is comperit to the angelis; Hay II 157/30.
God is nocht iust na resonable or ellis he will punys thame; Irland Mir. II 76/32.
Quhy is nocht will with ressoun ressonable? Contempl. Sinn. 1484 (Arund.).
To the quhilk all resonable reidaris sall be juge; Maitland Ho. Seytoun xiii.
What ressonable man can doute now of Goddis will; Knox II 448.
The wisest and ressonabillest men that culd be found; 1578–9 Reg. Privy C. III 79.
The king … hes becumit mair resonabill nor ȝour desert deseruis; ?1593 Reg. Morton I 186.
Its a wonder to see resonable men so by themselves; 1689 Leven & Melv. P. 161.
c. Resonable age, ? an age at which a person is presumed to be still in full possession of his faculties.
I am passit date of resonable age; Hay I 231/22.
5. adv. = Resonabil(l)y adv.
The chyftane … cummys resonable grete journeis … day by day; Hay I 143/27.
A knycht suld be of resonable gude age; Ib. II 36/21.
And dispoun thair malte ressonable to the inhabitantis; 1572 Crail B. Ct. MS 6 Oct.
Be resoun the minister … may heff to leiff on reasonable; ?1605 Old Ross-shire I 30.
Uhich as yeitt is reasonabill good; 1638 Hamilton P. (Camden Soc.) 11.
a1669 Sel. Biog. I 192 (see Journe(e n. 3 b).
We eate and drunk weel, and were very reasonable charged; 1696 Caldwell P. 179.
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"Resounabill adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/resounabill>
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