A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Rental(e, -ail(l, n. Also: -all(e; -aile; -el(l; -eal; -ill. [ME and e.m.E. rental (Piers Plowman), -all (c1395), -ayle (1523), AF rental (Godefroy), med. L. rentale (c1283 in Latham).]
1. A list of register of the rents due by tenants to a proprietor or lessor; a rent-roll.
[Istud est rentale regis Alexandri tertij vicecomitatuum de Aberden et de Banff; 1333 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 55.]
(1) Tirepressy is and ay has bene twa dauach of land in the bischapis rentale; 1446 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 249.
To preiff sufficiently that he wes rentalit in the Archbischop of Glasgwis rentale of the office of custumary of of [sic] Glasgw. … the … rentalis quhilkis Patrik … maid faith wer the veray rentalis without diminution; 1494 Acta Aud. 197/2.
As the said erllis rentell and charttur schawne befoir us beris; 1509 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I 253.
Bringand with thame thair rentalis compt bukis and all futis of comptis; 1535 Perth Convener Ct. Bk. No. 5.
Gif ony man be rentallit him alane in St. Mongos rental in ony … possessiounis, and deceissis thaireftir, his wife sall bruik and joise the samin for all the dayis of hir lifetime, be privilege of St. Mongos widow; Balfour Pract. 205.
(2) The personis … nemmit and wrytin in the rental of the said abbay of Melros; 1535 Liber Melros 634.
This is the rentale of the Freirs Predicatours of Edinburgh, subscryvit be me, Bernard Stewart; c1550–60 Black Friars Edinb. 75.
The rentall of the Abbay of Incheaffray; 1563 Inchaffray Reg. 83.
Ane just and trew inventour and rentall of the convent of ilkane of thair saidis abbayis; 1584 Reg. Privy C. III 698.
That all that hes commoun landis and heretage be put in the tounis rentell; 1591–2 Lanark B. Rec. 103.
The Rentall of Cauldwell as it payit presentlie this yere 1669. … Polleik. Possest be William and Thomas Stinsons, pays of maill at two terms, Witsunday and Mertimas, ¥126. 4 stirks, ¥20. Service silver, ¥13, 6 s. 8 d. Grassum, ¥3, 1 s. [etc. … Summa] ¥180, 2 s. 8 d.; 1669 Caldwell P. 133.
(3) The rentel of common gudis. The myll of Billisheuch xiiii merkis; the thron xl s.; 1519–20 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 55.
That the hale rentalis of all benefices … be producit befoir hir grace; 1561 Reg. Privy C. I 193.
Rentale of the haill temporall landis of the abbacie of Couper; 1562 Reg. Cupar A. I 353.
Ane sufficient and perfite particular rentall of the haill rentis and fruttis of the bischoprik; 1573 Reg. Privy C. II 286.
The rentall of the yeirlie payment … in attentik forme; 1574 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 434.
The Generall Rentall off the anvellis addictit to the baxter craft; 1587 St. A. Baxter Bks. 42.
The fewaris of the temporalitie sall gif vp ane rentell of thair dewteis; 1597 Acts IV 133/1.
The rentale of the College leuing yeirlie; a1600 Glasg. Univ. Mun. I 157.
The townis auld rentell of the maill of the woll trone, irn trone, firlottis [etc.]; 1609–10 Ayr B. Acc. 242.
The rentall of the lawting oxen and sheep … gevin up to … [the] Chamerlane in anno 1615; the rentall of the peattis yeirlie to be casten won and led to the castell of Scalloway; 1628 Goudie Shetl. Antiq. 179.
Ane perfyte rentall of thair commoun gude and commoun landes weill imployed; 1628 Aberd. Council Lett. I 282.
Rentall of the comon good of … Dumfermling … The grass of the towne green 29 lib.; 1691 Misc. B. Rec. 112.
(4) To the ische of the termes … set to thaim be the Ressauour … as is contenit in the rentale made be him; 1478 Acta Conc. I 19/2.
Avis gif thir lanndis be in the rentale; 1485 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. 55.
Set to him … for certane termes to rin eftir the forme of the copy of the rentale subscrivit [by] … Eduard Spittale; 1496 Acta Conc. II 31.
Part off gris nocht put in this rentale nor wtheris small accidentis; 1531–2 Reg. Soltre 195.
Payand tharfor ȝeirlie … xx merkis usuale money with cane fowlis conforme to the rentale; 1532–3 Reg. Privy S. II 205/1.
And to hayff for it bot the ald mayll syklyk as the ald rentalys berys; 1534 St. P. Henry VIII IV 667.
[The abbot] denyit that he … had na uthir rentalis [; but Vaus alleged there were] uthir elder rentalis [in which McCulloch and his] foirbearis [were entered]; 1540 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 491.
The ingevaris of the rentalis … sall never haif actioun to … ressaif fra the tennentis … forther nor is contenit in the saidis rentalis … producit be thame; 1561–2 Reg. Privy C. I 199.
(b) And ane terme being assignit to hir for probatioun thairof scho producit the saidis rentallis attentiklie and previt the said allegeance sufficientlie; 1565–6 Reg. Privy C. I 429.
Ilk merk land in … [Uist] payis 20 bolls victuall by all uther customes, … quhairof thair is na certane rentall; Descr. Isles 430.
For advanceing of silver to the towne efter the rentall wes super expeteitt; 1598–9 Glasgow Burgesses 26.
As the principall rentall gevin in the cheker will report; 1614 Orkney Rentals ii 135.
The scatt dewtie contenit in the rentall ȝeirlie at the termes of payment wsitt; 1639 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXI 131.
1671 Goudie Shetl. Antiq. 235.
(c) Paying … dew seruice as vse is, conforme to thair charter and our rentell; 1550 Reg. Cupar A. II 68.
Resauit kindlie tenent … rentillit thairin vse of burcht payand ȝerlie conform to the rentell; 1561 Dumfries B. Ct. 15b.
For wreiting ane extractt of ane rentell; 1621 Acts IV 619/2.
(d) Admittit thesaurer of this brucht for vptackinge of the townis mailles, spiritual and temporal, conform to the rentaill; 1610 Inverness Rec. II 77.
(e) Rentealis; 1562 Inverness Rec. I 75.
(f) The rentill gevin in be the beidmen; 1580 Reg. Soltre 235.
(5) Keper of the rentale; 1530 Exch. R. XV 584 (see Rental(e v. a passive (3)).
(6) To put the said Schir Johne in the rentale of a maling in Galluay; 1484 Acta Aud. 139*/1.
Land … quhilkis the said Johne now occupyis and hes in tak and is in the rentale thairof; 1508 Reg. Privy S. I 243/1.
A tennent beand rentalit in the said rentale [sc. Kilwining abbacy] usit nocht to be remufit fra thar maling for thar lyftymes; 1533–4 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 421.
Is admittit George Helphynstoun in rentale with his wef; 1534 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. I 104.
Andro … to … jois the … land and be put in my lord of Glasgw rentail thairof; 1545 Glasgow Chart. II 509.
(7) His vyife gaif ane peny for the half akir of comon land … eftir the ordor of rentall; 1563 Dumfries B. Ct. fol. 203.
(8) [The treasurer] chargis himself with the small annwallis contenit in rentall; 1630–1 Glasgow B. Rec. II 501.
b. To mak rentale, to draw up a list, roll or register (of amounts paid).
The kingis commissioneris … sall … tak vp dittay of the takaris vp and payaris of blak meill and to mak rentale of the quantitie thairof; 1587 Acts III 464/2.
2. The amount paid or received as rent. Also ? b. In generalised sense: One's income, revenue or wealth. Cf. Rent n.1 2.
That … thair be … chosin twa men … the quhilkis sall raise all the rentaile of the toune; 1441 Aberd. B. Rec. I 7.
The quhilkis auditouris fyndis the rentell in the said yer; 1488 Lanark B. Rec. 2.
Sa that it be nocht in diminitione of his rentale, grassoumes, nor all vther dewitez; 1503 Acts II 244/2.
Maister … thar is ane barne callit Robe Jonston rentalit in xl pennevorth of land in … Carstaris quhilk is … lik to de … and hes left his kyndnes and gude will to Alan Jonston … gif ȝhe ma of gude zele resaif him tennent … he sall cum incontinent with the money efferande … and content ȝour M. by the rentell; 1525 in Glasgow Dioc. Reg. I 55.
The capitane … will nocht pert wyth nane [sc. money] wythowt ane dischairge of the yerle rentaill; 1547–8 Corr. M. Lorraine 219.
The said William hes gevin doun off the rentaill this yeir because the coirnis is euil; 1565 Rec. Earld. Orkney 371.
1583–4 Reg. Privy C. III 642.
Rentall, or the kingis rentall, in setting of his propertie in few-ferme, is vnderstand to be the dewtie to the quhilk the landes ar retoured; Acts (1597) Table s.v. Rentall.
In augmentatioune of the rentail tharoff [blank] money extending for seuin pultrie; 1612 Prot. Bk. W. Leslie 6/16.
I offir … to mak thankfull payment of the full rentall of the saidis landis, wnto the quhilkis I and my foirbeiris hes bene kyndlie tenentis; 1615 Crim. Trials III 366.
This foirsaid rentall … is so highe … that thair is no man abile to pay it …, quhilk oftymes causis the land to ly ley; 1627 Ch. in Orkney 94.
To give dew informatioun … of the just rentall of ilk heretour, liferent, coniunct fier, takisman, … lady tercer and uthers; 1643 Misc. Spald. C. III 144.
Rental of bear extends to sixteen chalders [etc.]; 1685–6 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 186.
b. Sa greit riches he spent, Quhilk thrise ouircome his rentall and his rent; Rolland Seven S. 2796.
He westis his substance Sa lerge that it ourpassis his rentall; Bann. MS 64b/32.
3. A lease, usually or always on easy terms, formalised by entering the name of the lessee in the rental book of the proprietor or leasing authority.
Also as the second element of a compound in few rental.
See also Rental(l)er n.
Conditions on which such a lease was granted varied from one estate to another. At first perh. rentals were set with no definite ish, but came in some estates to be virtually equivalent to a liferent lease. In others rental lease was extendable to two successive lives and so could be regarded as heritable.
‘When a rentaller … was enrolled in the landlord's rental book, he was given a copy of the entry to keep as his title, to be produced in defence of his possession if need be. … Rentalling was, in fact, a system of inheritance subject to renewal which preserved continuity of possession in a family.’ Sanderson Sc. Rural Soc. (1982) 51.
(1) The gift of … the … landis of the Coychenoche, haldin of the abbay of Paslay … and takis, rycht and kyndnes of the rentale thairof, quhilk pertenit to umquhile Johne Houstoun; 1541–2 Reg. Privy S. II 686/2.
The said sowme nocht beand payit at the tym forsaid … this present rentail to expyr and the landis to retwrne to hyr; 1552 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. I 141.
Robert … quhowsone he fulfyllis the punctis contenit in the contract, may pas againe to rentail of the said landis; 1553 Ib. 151.
To set fewis rentallis lang or schort takis for the weile of the place; 1565 Chart. Coupar A. II 214.
To … tak … inquisitioun quha wer the auld kyndlie tenentis and possessouris … gif ony of thame beis fund removit … thairfra, that the … pryour mak new securitie to them, be rentall or utherwayis; 1576 Reg. Privy C. II 542.
Ane instrument quhair the tennentis of auld Aftoun had renuncit thair rentallis and takis; 1591 Digest Justiciary Proc. O 23.
[A rental set by the town of Wigton to his father and his heirs heritably, ad perpetuam remanentiam; 1632 Morison Dict. Decis. 15191.]
That kyndnes founded upon wreitt, for peyment of the old dewty, no tyme being prescryved, should be als sufficient to the tennent as ane rentall for his lyfetyme; Hope Major Pract. I 232.
1642 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 91.
All heritors, landlords, and liferenters who haue granted any tacks or rentals to their tenants … cause their tenants and rentallers giue sufficient bond; 1666 Wodrow Hist. (1828) II 15.
A rental is a tack set to kindly tenants, which are the successors of the ancient possessors, or these who are received by the heritor with the like privilege as if they were ancient possessors; Stair Inst. ii ix § 15.
No tack is accounted a rental unless it bear so, or that the tenant is acknowledged as kindly tenant; Ib. § 16.
Rentals can be granted by none but the heritor of the ground; Ib. § 17.
Rentals do require writ; Ib. § 18.
The most part of the heritours [of Teviotdale] … gave out all their lands to their tenants for military attendance upon rentals … tenants … payed an entry a herauld and a smal rental duty for there were no rents raised here that were considerable till King James went into England; 16.. Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. III 160.
(2) Pas to the nychtbouris occupearis of the commoun buthis … and … charge ilk ane of the nychtbouris allegeand thame to haue the samyn in rentale to … pay of fore male of thair buthis to the avale of fyve yeris to cum; 1540 (
c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 99.
[A tenant … ] rentalit [ … in certain land … ] decessit in the rentale tharof; 1546 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 547.
Forsamekill as the Mercat Croce and rowme thairof beand rowpit … to se quha wald … tak the samyn in rentale of the towne … tobe rentalit yeirlie thairin … and his airis efter him for the said yierlie dewtie alanerlie; 1555 Edinb. B. Rec. II 212.
The xv s. land of Lytle Govaine hyr hwsband had in rentail of befor; 1557 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. I 165.
Sir George … hes sett in rentaill and tak … his tane half of his teynde schaiffis; 1562 Anal. Scot. I 3.
The threttie schilling land ofawld extent … pertenand to the said noble lord in rentaile; 1571 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 32.
Deliverit to the Clerk Register to be keepit in perpetuall rentaill for the puir; 1572 Grey Friars 148.
(3) That all rentalles sett be ony [of] our souerane lordis predicessouris … (except few rentallis set to men and thair airis) salhaue na furder … effect nor ane nakit lyferent; 1587 Acts III 456/1.
b. An extract from a rental book, or ? a document in similar terms, confirming the rental title of a tenant.
Rentail; 1553 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. I 200 (see Rental(e v. a passive (3) (c)).
Pas this rentell to the lard of Rawelloun, for he hes payit vs for the samyn, and kep this our tecat for your varrand; 1553 Exch. R. XVIII 377.
We haif thocht gud that this berar … his eldest lauchfull sone be rentalit in the samyn landis … quhairfor we charge yow … that ye mak ane rentall to the said Johnne Calderwood, … and put him in rentall of our said derrest dochteris landis, he payand his dewiteis yerlie … conforme to the auld rentall; 1554 Ib. 376.
The said umquhile Henrie … havand than fyve yeris takkis to ryn, obtenit ane new tak and rentall thairof, subscrivit be the Pryour; 1565–6 Reg. Privy C. I 428.
And … the said Archibald hes deliverit to the … counsall the said rentale maid to him of the said myln, with all uther writtis, richtis and evidentis that he hes concerning the samin; 1577 Glasgow Chart. II 554.
To … deliver to the said Andro Smith ane sufficient rentall receiveing him and his aires kindlie tennents to somickel of the lands [etc.] … as he presentlie possesses; 1642 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 90.
c. ? A collection or register of such leases.
A re[n]tall off the deeds belonging to the fraternitie house of Leith; 1670 in Mason Trinity House, Leith 169.
4. attrib. and comb.
Rentel(l)man, in Inverness, ? the keeper of the rental books of the town.
Rentell silvir, ? = Gersum n.
See also Rental(e) buk(e.
(1) The auld rentaill few dewitie; 1591 Reg. Privy C. IV 629.
The rentell silvir of John Speir; 1595–6 Ayr B. Acc. 187.
The heritor to pey the tenth and twentieth penny for his rentall dewtie; 1640 Kirkcudbr. Min. Bk. 95.
Rental duty; 16.. Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. III 160 (see 3 (1) above).
(2) Our thesaurer Wilyam Cuming our rentelman; 1556 Inverness Rec. I 3.
Rentell man of the bruch of Innernes; 1560 Ib. 43.
(3) His majesties chamerlanes resaiffes the haill dewtees and rentell bowis off Firthe and Stennes; 1627 Orkney Rentals iii 76.
Albeit the teynds cannot be valuable under the rentall bolls and tack dewityes; 1679 Aberd. Council Lett. VI 164.
1683 Lauder Notices Affairs I 428.
(4) In the rentale suit roll; 1540 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 493.
(5) Togidder with all rycht tak rentell titill and kyndnes quhilk he … hes … thairto; 1580 Prot. Bk. A. Millar 73.
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"Rental(e n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 May 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/rentale_n>
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