A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Rais(e, Ras(e, v. Also: ra(i)ss(e, raize, rays(e, rayss(e, rayise, raiyse, raas(e, res(e, reis(s)(e, reas(s)(e, reais. P.t. and p.p. raisit, also resat, etc.; p.p. also (raisin). [ME and e.m.E. reȝȝenn (Orm), reise(n (c1220), reyse(n (Wyclif), rese (c1440), rease (1542) and raise(n (a1240), rayse(n (a1350), raiz(e (1590),also rase (c1460), ON reisa, Goth. (ur)raisjan, causative f. rais- ablaut var. of rĭs-, rīs Ris(e v. See also Risit.] Freq., in various of the following senses, to raise up.
I. tr. To cause to stand up or be active.
1. To help (a person) up or to his feet.
God rasis thame that strekine ar Done to the ȝerd; Leg. S. iv 81.
The Bauderane at his feit can fall … The king him rasit; Alex. ii 11048.
To erd thai fell And … thai ask mercy Bot he thaim rasit; Seven S. 2716.
Scho … af his knie thair raisit him; Clar. iv 1488.
He raist thame baith vp be the hand; Rolland Seven S. 10467.
The king bad raise him wpe; Pitsc. I 104/26.
b. reflex. To rise up.
He turnit agane to lif and raisit him-self; Irland Mir. II 39/17.
c. fig. To set up again, restore.
Be thame he [the Lord] wald rais vp his kirkis afoir wappit doun; Winȝet II 23/23.
d. To make a person rise to his feet (from sitting), as by the use of force or persuasion; to cause to get up.
[It] was werie wnplessand to him … beand ane ȝoung prence sittand wpoun the sait royall, to be raissit witht his subiects; Pitsc. I 224/20.
[They] wald rais them and tak them be the sleve, saying gang to your awn kirk; 1611 Ellon Presb. 91.
[He] shall be raised and taken furth of the saids daskis be the kirk officiar; 1642 Aberd. B. Rec. III 282.
2. To rouse from sleep, rest or unconsciousness; to make (someone) rise from bed.
Wp fraitlye can the lady get And left the knycht gretlie abasit Bot hir moder him wp has rasit; Seven S. 1934.
The lork hes done the mirry day proclame, To rais up luvaris with confort and delyt; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 141/25.
His discipilis … raasit [P. reysiden] him; Nisbet Matth. viii 25.
Rasing the birdis fra thair rest The reid sone [etc.]; Tayis Bank 25.
The wyffis … fand lyff in the loun And with thre routis thay raisit him And coverit him of swoune; Christis Kirk 117 (M).
3. To cause to rise from the dead; to restore to life. Also absol.
Thai raisit dede men to lyff; Leg. S. Prol. 116.
God has ws raysit before the day Of the gret rysing; Ib. xxiii 445.
Ib. viii 52, etc.
Quhat medycyne can thow lat se Till hele or till ras [C. raysse] thame agayne; Wynt. v 3819.
Ȝhit has he hecht … Tyll rais al men … On domysday; Ratis R. 504.
Therfor the devin wertu sal rais the bodeis and vne thame to the saule; Irland Mir. II 57/11.
Think, to, how Lazarus wes rasit; Remembr. Passion 303.
Havand disdene ony mortal suld be Rasyt to lyfe or over warldis lyght From the dyrknes of neddir hellis nycht; Doug. vii xii 161.
In name of Christe thay halit mony hounder, Rasyng the dede; Lynd. Test. Pap. 790.
Spair nocht to do ewill, … for he [Satan] sould raise thame vp at the latter day; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 211.
Issobell Perk … accusit off cursing & despitful speichis against the dead … in saying the dewill raiss hime wp; 1620 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 8 March.
Rease; ?1655 Fugitive Poetry II xxviii 5/125.
absol. Thai raise fra the dede … be the powar … of our salviour; Hamilton Cat. 160.
4. To stir up or arouse (a group of people, community, etc.) to common action, esp. in attack or defence (aganis an enemy).
(1) That quhare thar is ony rebellys … that the lieutenande rais the cuntre & [etc.]; 1438 Acts II 32/2.
The sheref … sall … rais the cuntre … in his support; 1491 Ib. 225/1.
Tharfor thai rasit thair folkis with thair schippis and past the Rais of Iubitere; Asl. MS I 187/10.
We … committis to our lovit William Cokburn … the … governance of all our liegis … to ras and assemblie thame … for resisting and develling of theves, rebellis and tratouris; 1515–16 Reg. Privy S. I 412/2.
Redy to do hym seruice … in weire with all my kyn [etc.] … that I may and dowe to rais; 1525 Bk. Carlaverock II 463.
Thay wald haue rasit Ethruria aganis ws; Bell. Livy II 147/9.
Lynd. Mon. 3339.
The earle … raissit hallalie all that he might be … baitht of gentillmen and commons; Pitsc. II 148/21.
It was lesum to the said baillie to arme himself and rais the countrie to his support; 1586 Jurid. Rev. IV 297.
Ony officer where he sees occasion of withstanding of his jurisdiction he may rais the countrie for furth setting thereof; Ib. 299.
[Then come the] gysaris [who] drew swords … and raist the pepill of the toune to red them; 1619 Old Kirk Chron. 89.
The said Lord Roxburgh able to rease of his awin freindis and followeris aboue on 1000 gentlemen; 1631 Justiciary Cases I 187.
After sermon wee was raysed out of the Parliament House by lettres out of Cheshyre that Sir George Booth … was taiking armes; 1659 Johnston Diary III 129.
(2) This bludy plaig raissit [L. exciuit] grete nowmer of Scottis & Pichtis that occupyit thai boundis; Boece 294b.
b. To cause to rise in rebellion.
He that raisis the kingis liegis salbe put to death; Bisset I 57/29.
5. To incite or stir up (a person) in respect of (in, on or with) an emotion, an ideal, also, to a resultant action, etc.
(1) Nevir child cummyn of Troiane blude In sic … glory and gret gude Sal rays his forbearis Italianys; Doug. vi xv 73.
Tarchon … In breithfull stoundis rasyt brym as fyre; Ib. xi xiv 6.
Throw thir tythingis … war the faderis … rasit with inestimabil blyithnes; Bell. Livy I 164/13.
The pepill war rasit on flocht; Ib. 178/10.
The more the Romanis schew thame effrayit … the more war the inemyis rasit in hie curage; Ib. II 103/24.
Thai … rasit the towne in feayr; 1568–9 Inverness Rec. I 175.
We … saw na thing that might rease us in anie grait hope of provision; Melvill 227.
(2) Thir brethir … rasit to extreme ieoperdie of armes be hortacioun of thare … nacioun; Bell. Livy I 56/15.
6. To bring, or restore, to or towards a vertical position; to set upright; to hold erect.
Quot. 1450 may properly belong to 20 below.
(1) My daisit heid fordullit disselie I raisit vp; Doug. Pal. Hon. 356.
[They] heich abufe thar hedis in the ayr Onabasytly rasyt thar armys squair; Id. Æn. v viii 8.
Ib. i iii 57.
He raisit up his forcie arme on height; Clar. i 83.
Doune falls the king and mycht not rais his cors; J. Stewart 25/365.
Leining on her elbowe, preis'd in vaine, Thrie times her body from the bed to rayse; Mure Dido & Æneas iii 458.
(2) John Traile … yherly to pay xl s. quhill he bryng hame the blew stane til his fadre and that to be raiset be the sight and ordinance of his modre; 1450 Aberd. B. Rec. I 18.
A monster, which had upon its forehead like a pirwig of flesh and hair, raised and towered up; Brand Orkney & Shetl. 123.
II. To cause to arise; to produce; to bring into being.
7. To build, construct or have built (a building, part of a building, or other structure); to set up.
To brek, big, and agane rais the stane gavill … at the west nuke of that foirhous; 1443 Reg. Cambuskenneth 126.
Feill bestials rycht starkly wp thai rais; Wall. vii 987.
Our folkis … Exort I to graith howsis … And rays on hycht the strenth and fortales; Doug. iii ii 133.
I … A voyd tumbe rasyt; Ib. vi viii 59.
Anthone … causit … rais heich towris; Boece 182.
In the northe angell … of the kirk syd to rais ane commodious turngreis; 1542 Soc. Ant. III 162.
Thai sall big and rais the vallis of … the chalmer; 1556 Reg. Cupar A. II 262.
Maitland Ho. Seytoun 37.
The gayvellis … the stane work and paittis mane be reassit to ane greit heicht; 1583 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 310.
By raysing altars they must seme devote; Mure True Crucifixe 868.
Aucht garrand naillis to raiyse the barrasse ȝett; c1643 Rothes P.
Thay raiss midding montis vpone the calsay; Spalding I 259.
b. To cause (a bump or swelling) to rise or form.
In striking of Cristiane Bell with ane stop on the heid, quhilk raisit ane clour thairon; 1555 Peebles B. Rec. I 217.
8. To cause (a spirit) to appear by witchcraft or invocation; to call up by means of incantations: a. The devil or another wholly spiritual being. b. Deceased saints or other personages; esp. of the raising of the spirit of Samuel by the witch of Endor. c. Also, once, with inanimate object.
a. The erll Ferrandis moder was Ane nygramansour, & Sathanas Scho rasit; Barb. iv 243.
Scho rasyt the ill spyryt; Ib. 289.
To gar me ryme, & rais the feynd with flytting; Dunb. Flyt. 23.
The said Alex … raisit the devill his maistir; 1538 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. IV 21.
Reasing the devill with invocationes; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 296.
Their [evil spirits] naturall comming … not raysed by witch-craft; James VI Dæmonol. (S.T.S.) 40/4.
The Devill … is rasit be the speking of the word ‘Benedicite’; 1598 Misc. Spald. C. I 120.
Trial Isobel Inch 12.
Reased; 1661 Kinloch in Murray
b. Saull … Rasit, throu [hyr] mekill [slycht], Samuell sperit; Barb. iv 756.
The spreit of Samuell … Raysit to King Saul; Doug. i Prol. 212.
Id. Comm. i Prol. 211.
He had reasit sum sanctis; Bann. Trans. 310.
c. [He] be his devilisch craft, rasit vp foure candillis vpoune the horssis twa luggis; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 212.
9. Of God: To cause (a particular person or sort of person) to appear or come into being.
In quot. Wynt. the application of spyryt, if correct, is unclear.
Freq. const. up.
Bot God … rayssyd the spyryt off a man, That [etc.] … , The Kyng of Nawerne; Wynt. viii 6997.
And he has raasit [P. rerid] to vs a horn of heill in the hous of Dauid his childe; Nisbet Luke i 69.
God sal raase [P. reise] to you a prophet; Id. Acts iii 22.
The ministeris … quhome God … hes now rasit vp amangis vs or heirefter sall rais; 1567 Acts III 23/1.
God to ȝow will rais sum Josuay; 1567 Sat. P. iii 132.
In all agis … it hes plesit God … to rais and steir vp his prophetis and seruandis … to testifie his truth; Lyndesay Pref. (S.T.S.) 399.
He rasit vp alswa in the dayis of Carolus Magnus, twa of our cuntrie men; Ib.
Vp … Thow rasit to reule my ring … James … my uncle; 1570 Sat. P. xiv 26.
b. Of persons: To bring (another person) to prominence; to elevate. Also c. With a thing as object.
b. And thai that pwt hym till dede Rassyd wp ane othire in his sted; Wynt. v 5724.
Now hee is gone I hope hee will raise you up another in his roome; 1621 Aberd. Council Lett. I 189.
c. He hesz distroyit sine and rasit wp richtusnes; Gau 45/34.
The Frenche menȝie … raised up thair messe more publictlye then they had done … before; Knox II 393.
10. To produce or bring into action various natural phenomena, as wind, storm, etc.
Freq. by the use of witchcraft.
Scho [Medea] wald rase wedderis one thame thare … That all suld peryse hastely; Troy-bk. i 426.
Scho couth rase thundre-blastis; Ib. 467.
At Norway coist scho raisit the wind; Dunb. App. vi 67.
Doug. v xiii 58.
The iawis Of Neptunis raige quhilk rasit bene by raine; Maitl. Q. 201/34.
Thow … dois rease thy stormes, and maks thy wynds more blaw[e]; Fowler I 174/13.
Quhair Satan promesit to raise ane mist; 1590 Crim. Trials I ii 211.
The Dewill rasit ane ewill wind, he being vnder the schip; 1590–1 Ib. 235.
Quhen we rease the wind, we tak a rag of cloth and weitts it in water [etc.]; 1662 Ib. III 607.
11. To start a fire or fires.
Freq. as a means of waging war.
To raise nedefyre, see Nede-fyre n. 2.
It a fyre mad alsone That broynt the watir & lo rasyt; Leg. S. xxvi 303.
In Gyan land … Raissyt feill fyr, and waistyt wonnyngis wid; Wall. ix 442.
This Synon was a Greik that raisit fire; Doug. Pal. Hon. 282.
Ene … Sal rays and kyndill dedly flambe agane Of hait fyre brondis amang the wallis Troiane; Id. Æn. vii v 95.
That the said erle … raise fyre, and use all kynd of hostilitie aganis the saidis rebellis; 1563–4 Reg. Privy C. I 269.
Cummand … to the barne ȝard … and raising the fyre amangis the corne; 1567 Digest Justiciary Proc. G. 13.
Pitsc. II 86/28.
Ane commissione … to serche seik and apprehend the committaris of the saids crymes rais fyr serche hous and do all thingis … that may farther the same; 1587 Aberd. Council Lett. I 33.
And their hes reisit fyir, and hes slaine ȝoung Mongo of Lokarbie; 1592 Douglas Corr. 243.
The haill tennents … sall pay tene pundis … to the laird for ilk mwir burne to be reaisit be thame; 1630 Urie Baron Ct. 69.
To reais fyir and burne mwir; Ib.
Throw … hir extraordinar druckennes that thairby fyere fell to be raised in hir house; 1670 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 16 Nov.
12. To cause, originate, set going or give rise to: a. Trouble, dissension, and the like.
Also const. aganis, in, on, upon the victim.
(1) Barb. ii 205 (see Dragoun n.1 1 b).
Oetus … Wrote in lyke maner, to rais stryf; Troy-bk. ii 2084.
Thai … rasyde were and playne batayle; Wynt. ii 1479.
I … sal neuermar … move plede, raise stryf [etc.]; 1453 Stirlings of Keir 226.
Thir taill tellaris oftymes dois grit scayth Resand feid mortale and vther discrepance; Henr. Hasty Credence 18 (M).
Thou may skurgyng and strakis in lugyngis rays; Doug. vii v 133.
Those that had the gouernance Amangis thame selfis raist variance; Lynd. Complaynt 294.
Bell. Livy II 6/3.
That biing of the … mettis that cumis to the mercattis and sendyn of tham of the towne hes rasit ane exhorbitant derth; 1561 Inverness Rec. I 59.
To raise tumult and ingener discord betuix the craftismen and the fre burgessis of gild; 1562 Aberd. B. Rec. I 343.
[They] raised the first trubles; Bann. Trans. 10.
Pitsc. I 48/25.
Sic derth is rasit in the cuntrie that ane mutton … far surmountis the price of ane boll of quheit; 1592 Acts III 577/1.
Thinking to rais ane mutine; 1595 Reg. Privy C. V 250.
Anent the tumvlt rasit in the kirkyaird; 1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 22.
(2) [They] Raisit in hym sedicione; Leg. S. ii 163.
The werys rasyt aganys Romanys; Doug. viii x 98.
Forsamekill as thair is greit derth rasit apone our souerane lordis legis of all kynd of meit; 1530 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 26.
And ȝe do … Agane Venus rais ony rank riat … it will caus sturt; Rolland Ct. Venus iv 474.
Quhairby it appears gret cumbers to raise on us; 1568 Anderson Collect. Mary IV i 126.
The first rebellion raised aganis me; James VI Basil. Doron 113/11.
They that raise warr against the king … should be punished as traitors; Hope Major Pract. II 302.
b. A rumour or report.
Anent the sclander rased upon Dauid Ballingall; 1562 St. A. Kirk S. 173.
Understandyng sum brut of suspicion to be rased aganis Mr. George Trayll; 1563 Ib. 187.
Ther is a sklanderus report reased upon the kirk; Melvill 232.
He quha raises or invents narrations or rumors; Skene Reg. Maj. ii 158b.
Thay reportit thay hard nothing bot sik as this brute hade raisit; 1629 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 25 March.
c. An emotion, feeling, desire, etc.
For thare he saw that wysyowne That raysid his dewotyoune; Wynt. iv 2620.
Gret sorow was raissed; Wall. xi 596.
Turnus … In the Rutilyanys rasys hardy hartis; Doug. vii viii 2.
[Turnus] Full hie rasand hys curage and hys cheir; Ib. xii i 11.
A wild lyoun … first begynnyng to rays hys stern moyd; Ib. 17.
For the tarisumnes of the affectioun of man at is nocht rasit be deuotioun; Abell 56b.
Lichorie … raisit … Ȝour gredines; G. Ball. 211.
Quhilk rumour in Scotland rayset not lytle invie in France; Dalr. II 385/19.
This reased a curiosity in Roderick; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 134.
The doing what may tend to … raise jealousies; Mackenzie Laws & C. i i 4 (1678) 12.
d. An activity, process, reaction or condition.
The Kyng off Frawns set hym to ras And set a sege befor Calays; Wynt. viii 6065.
[Failure to satisfy the appetite promptly] rasis fumygaciounis and vapouris as reke; Hay II 127/16.
Lytyll forfalt rasis blame; Consail Vys Man 151.
[He] sall raise na novationes vtheris nor hes bene thir hundreth ȝeris bygane; 1560 Peebles B. Rec. I 272.
The haill personis that ar … takeris vpoun thame to ras vp or play Abbot of Vnressones playis or Robene Hudis; 1582 Mill Mediæv. Plays 168.
The peripneumonie … heate doth kendle & raise; James VI Poems I 153/366.
e. To put forward (a doubt or difficulty).
I hope none will rease aney questione or doubt about this; 1683 Misc. Bann. C. III 237.
13. To set up (a court of law, inquest, etc.).
Sua in coloure off justis Set it wes nane, he rasit assis; Wynt. ix 2360.
I gert rase ane assise of the gentillys of the cuntre; 1436 Coll. Aberd. & B. 394.
Granntand till hym our full power … to sett fermes to rayse courtys till hald amercyments till rayse trespasours [etc.]; 1442 Raine N. Durham App. 105.
And geiff ane commissioun neidis that ye rais the same for the nowmer of ane hundert or mair [guards or police]; 1588 Aberd. Council Lett. I 41.
b. To institute a legal action.
For richt thairof he raisit hes greit pley; Stewart 13046.
Informatioun for the … baillies … to rais suspentioun of the charges giffen to them be Androw Moresone; 1595 Aberd. Council Lett. I 63.
Anentis the suspentioun reissit off that his decreit quho maikis me to beleiff; 1619 Tayler Hist. Fam. Urquhart 32.
The actioun and caus of improbatioun raisit and perseuit at the instance of Sir Wm. Oliphant; 1622 Douglas Bequest IV 16 July.
Anent the arreistment raist at the instance of Johne Sempill of Aikenbar; 1631 Dumbarton B. Rec. 35.
Quhairvpone horning, captioun, and compriseing, wes haistellie raisit; Spalding II 45.
What if a declarator should be raised against you; 1673 Lauder Notices Affairs I 74.
It is ordinarily advised in such cases to raise an exhibition; Mackenzie Laws & C. i xxiv 6 (1678) 246.
Ludwharn having raised … a pursuit against Mowat [etc.]; Ib. ii viii 7 (1678) 392.
He was to rease several reductions upon the king's account; 1684 Laing MSS I 428.
And if needs be to raise diligence thereon; 1694 Dingwall Kirk S. 32.
There was an action and cause of declarator, first raised and intented before the late commissioners; 1700 Glasgow Chart. II 281.
c. To obtain or have drawn up (a legal document, etc., or a copy of one); to produce the same as evidence or as grounds for an action.
Also const. aganis (on or apon) a person.
Common only in Sc.
For further examples see also Breve n., Commissioun n. 2, Gravatour n. 2, *Incidens n., Letter n. 7, Lift v. 4 b, etc.
(1) (a) Gif ony persounis has ony acciounis to folow he sall warne thame to pas to the kingis chapell and rais summondis peremptour apone xl dais; 1457–8 Acts II 48/1.
That he be chargeit … to rais his breuis and persew his entre; 1479 Acta Aud. 92/2.
The said Alexander … to pas to our souerane lordis chancellarii … and rais his infeftment … in dew forme; 1499–1500 Elphinstone Mun. 189/2.
And ather of the said parteis … sall rais ane dispensation; 1517 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 43.
Acts and instrumentis to ask and rais; 1518 Lag Chart. 54.
For ane letter of somondis raisin and cawin of thaim that will nocht pay; 1530 Edinb. Hammermen 130b.
We ordand James Keyne to rais his instrument that he allegis he hes efter the tenor of this vryt fra yone nottar; 1534–5 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 147.
And heirapone instrumentis and documents to tak, lift and rais; 1547 Liber Coll. Glasg. 138.
All letteris executorialis that ar ellis raisit, or may be raisit thairupon; 1568 Grey Friars 66.
Letteris salbe raisit befoir the Loirdis of Sessioun for poynding of the contravenaris thairof; 1574 Conv. Burghs I 26.
Inhibitioun being raisit be ane man aganis ane uther [etc.]; Balfour Pract. 185.
The breve of perambulatioun may be raisit for perambulating of landis lyand without burgh; Ib. 439.
Margaret Clapen to rays the bischoppis letteres … and to bryng the saidis letteres indorsat; 1578 St. A. Kirk S. 429.
The superintendent … raist a letter And gat the harlat to the horne; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 230.
[Ye sall] ressave ane croun to rais sic letters as may be had presently; 1587 Aberd. Council Lett. I 15.
That the saidis landislordis rais lettres be deliuerance of the Secreit Counsall; 1587 Acts III 462/1.
To caus libell and rais ane summond of reductioun; 1600 Stirling B. Rec. I 95.
Raiset; 1625 Justiciary Cases I 31.
That all summoundis of errour, and inordinate processis, be raisit and persewed; Bisset I 176/32.
1627 Bk. Carlaverock II 90.
When summons of improbation, to prove our charters of Christ to be counterfeits, are raised against poor souls; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 338.
Alexander Weir to cause raise a summonds befor the Lords and summond [etc.]; 1701 New Mills Manuf. 280.
(b) Eschewing of friuell summondis to be rasit be partijs but evident richt; 1495 Acta Conc. I 423/2.
The sade Master Georg has … purchest the sade denery in the sade court of Rome and rasit bullis thareuppone; 1497 Ib. II 82.
To David Tempilman … to summond Matho Wallace and Duncane Simson for the breif quhilk wes rasit; 1502–3 Treas. Acc. II 358.
Ane letter of cursing to be rassit for spulatioun; 1529 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 103.
Ane edict rasit be Margret Waus; 1562 Inverness Rec. I 78.
Ane breif of lyning … rasit be the said Johnne; 1570–1 Canongate Ct. Bk. 323.
Den gild … past to Edinbrugh, rasit and extractit the said act … and als … thair rasit ane lettre quhilk he obtenit subscryuit be the erle of Gowry; 1582 Perth Guildry p. 450.
Lettres of inhibitione rasat at the instance of Schir Walter; 1589 Prot. Bk. J. Inglis 3 Aug.
This brieue is rased furth of the Chancellarie and persewed be ane appeirand aire; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Breve de morte antecessoris.
1612 Orkney & Shetl. Ct. Bk. (ed.) 33.
(c) The bref aucht to proced … be caus it wes lawchtfull resit and proclamit to the said day; 1491 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 34.
(d) This instriment reasit be me wes usit be utheris … to the sklander of our sessioun; 1593–4 St. A. Kirk S. 779.
I reasit lettres befoir the Justice Generall; 1632 Justiciary Cases I 209.
For this effect lybellis and procieds to reas; 1641 Inverness Rec. II 177.
(2) Summondis raisit apon the saidis abbot and convent; 1495 Reg. Paisley 405.
Ane letter of summond now rasit one Will Ra [etc.]; 1514 Edinb. Hammermen 84.
Certane witnes to … beir lele witnessing anentis ane summondis raisit … aganis David Kennedy; 1532 Treas. Acc. VI 116.
That my lord governour hes rasit ane cursing on my lord; 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 21.
He rasit our soverane ladiis lettres aganis Edward Irrwing; 1564 Reg. Privy C. I 307.
That letters be raisitt vpoun all vnfremen, slayaris of … quhite fische; 1570 Conv. Burghs I 21.
Quhilkis rassit the letteris on sertten and prensipell onest men; 1581 Misc. Spald. C. II 54.
Letteris and executionis raisit and execute aganis the burrowis refusand to pay thair customes; 1587 Conv. Burghs I 273.
Thair wes a second suspensioun rasit … aganes the said John Mersser suspending the executioun of his present decreit; 1620 Aberd. Council Lett. I 180.
That ane coppie of the chairge to be reasit and execute againes the saidis Jon; 1632 Justiciary Cases I 175.
Guthry Mem. 250.
So hath he the power to raise & intent actiones … against all persones; Purves Revenue Crown 26.
1691 Presbyterian Inquisition 37.
III. To cause to rise or mount up.
14. To produce or utter a loud noise, din, cry or outcry.
For further examples see Cry n. 4, Fray n.1 2 b, Hoyes n. b, Huy and cry.
(1) Fra thai had rasit on him the cry; Barb. vi 276.
Than thay of Inde hes rasit the scry That [etc.]; Alex. ii 10267.
Gret noyis & dyne was rayssit thaim amang; Wall. v 40.
Sum rasyt a cry with waik voce, as thai mocht; Doug. vi viii 34.
The Troianis rasyt a scry in the ayr With rerd and clamour of blithnes; Ib. ix x 106.
Als sone as the army had rasit thare noyis and clamoure; Bell. Livy II 33/7.
That all our souerane lordis liegis … ryse, cry, rais the fray, and follow thame; 1567 Acts III 32/1.
Voice popular … sould be raised vpon ane theif; Skene Reg. Maj. ii 71 (Table).
The cry is reassit be Gowreyis folkis that the king is away; Chron. Kings 162.
Raize; 1683 Erskine Diary 2.
(2) Gif ony seis misdoaris in the forest tak ony der … he aw to rays hoy and cry; Acts I 328/2.
Thai raisit how and cry; Stewart 8532.
He sould raise a hoy and cry; Balfour Pract. 140.
b. To raise the kingis horn on, to proclaim (a person) an outlaw. Cf. Horn n.1 2.
The schiref … sal rais the kingis horne on hym; 1432 Acts II 20/2.
The sheref … sall … persew the slaaris … ane or maa and rais the kingis horne on him; 1491 Ib. 225/1.
15. To start or lead the singing of psalms in a church service. See also Raising vbl. n. 1 (7).
Anent John Cant musician … that the proveist [etc.] … sall pay to him yeerlie … for to raise the psalmes in the Hie Kirk on the Saboth; 1646 Glasgow B. Rec. II 96.
16. Of smoke or dust: To cause to rise or mount up.
Also, spec., to reas reik, to have a hearth, to be a householder.
Thai … suld mak bekynnys … [and] be ony hwmyd materials rais ane smoik; Boece 239b.
In somer quhen the streitis dryis, Thay rais the dust abone the skyis; Lynd. Syde Taillis 76.
spec. The haill inhabitants within this burgh that reasis reik thairin; 1599 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. VII 100.
IV. To lift up or remove to a higher position; to exalt.
17. a. To hoist up (sails, a portcullis gate); to pull up (an anchor).
Thai raysyt saile, and furth thai far; Barb. iii 695.
Jasone … couth hym say That he ger ankeris rasit be; Troy-bk. i 191.
Falows, raysys vp yhour ankyr; Ship Laws c. 16 (B).
Syne doun thai passit and rasit vp the ȝettis; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 4236.
Rolland Seven S. 7389.
b. To lift up as a whole; to elevate; to hold aloft.
He saw hyr raysit a cowte & mare Fra erde in ayre; Leg. S. xviii 359.
Raysse; Wynt. vi 2264 (C). Thai raissit wp … The Bruce baner; Wall. x 206.
Him all nakit on the tre Thai raissit on loft; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 9/71.
The signe triumphall rasit is of the croce; Ib. 11/4.
To thé, Bacchus, scho rasyt eik on hie Gret lang speris, as thai standartis wer; Doug. vii vi 112.
Bend vp ȝour ayris styth, and rays ȝour schippys [L. tollite, ferte rates]; Ib. x vi 17.
The meyn sesson Aurora rasyt hir lycht; Ib. xi v 1.
Onto the starnyt hevynly hald on hie Thou promyst rays the maste douchty Enee; Ib. xiii xi 22.
Quhen he wes rasing the visare of his heumont; Bell. Boece II 190.
Thir seittis … war rasit on certane stakis xij fute of hicht fra the erde; Id. Livy I 83/26.
That vthir lymmare rasit his ax; Ib. 91/2.
He chargit thai suld rais standartis; Boece 156.
This fowle … gif … sche lycht on the ground … can nocht rais her selfe; Dalr. I 26/17.
c. To throw or propel upwards; to blow up. —
Sum tyme it [sc. Etna] rasyt gret rochys; Doug. iii viii 135.
The governour … seged the castell of Langup … and with pulder raised it frome the grond; Leslie 193.
The said haill ludgeing was raisit and blawin in the air; Buch. Detect. (1727) 103.
He … brint his haill lugeing … and rasit the same in the air be force of gun pulder; 1581 Acts III 305/1.
The hous wes raisett up from the ground vith pouder; Birrel Diary 7.
d. To bring (mineral) to the earth's surface. [Cf. 18th c. Eng., in this sense (1759)]. —
The greatest quantity of silver that ever was gotten … was raised and fined out of the red metal; 16.. Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. III 49.
18. To advance in dignity or exalt a person, one's name, etc.
Gyve thame possessiown amang thare kyth Thaire fadyre name to ras thare-wyth; Wynt. viii 720.
Remember him … Quhilk rasis the law and humilis the hie; Henr. Abbay Walk 55 (M).
Ful few thar bene, quhom heich aboue the skyis Thar ardent vertue has rasit and vphyeit; Doug. vi ii 109.
He promist vnto Dauid … I will eftir thé rais vp thi sede; Nisbet I 3.
Quhen thay bene heych rasit in thare ryngis; Lynd. Test. Pap. 384.
Our rising … for him [sc. the king] may well ruin us and not raise him; Fraser Polichron. 326.
19. To raise (the heart or spirits), to make more cheerful or hopeful, to elevate.
Tharfor we suld our harts rais; Barb. iv 546.
To rais thi spreit fra perrellous oppressioun; Contempl. Sinn. 1542 (Asl.).
In grete esperance and glaidnes war thare hartis rasit; Boece 126b.
Galane … omyttit na thing quhilk mycht rais the hartis of his army; Ib. 263b.
G. Ball. 231.
Quha suld my dullit spreitis rais, Sen for no lufe my lady gais? Scott xvi 29.
b. To heighten (one's anger or fury). —
The wild wolf … his rageand furour … Rasys in ire for the wod hungris lyst; Doug. ix ii 69.
V. To bring together or collect.
20. To levy (taxes) or collect (rents, fines or other charges); to obtain (funds).
Also const. to the beneficiary, on (upon) the person paying or source of the payment.
Freq. coupled with lift, see Lift v. 4 for further examples.
(1) (a) Vndyr the payne of twa hundyr mark of sterlyngys to be raysit & tane to the werk of the kyrk of Saynt Androus; 1389 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 16.
We wyll gerre rayse tyll vs all the fermes and the profites of Coldynghame; c1390 Ib. No. 19.
[The queen's] pension of … to be raysit of the custumes of syndry bowrous; 1398 Acts I 212/1.
Rayise; 1423 (1429–30) Reg. Great S. 31/1.
Quha sa vsis nocht the said archary the lorde of the lande sal rais of him a wedder; 1424 Acts II 6/1.
And the malis of thaim to rayse … and evynly to divyde [etc.]; 1428 Wemyss Chart. 57.
Raisse; 1450 Coll. Aberd. & B. 428.
Oure landis forsaid to set, malis, customys, dewiteis of the samyn to rais and vptak; 1493 Reg. Cupar A. I 244.
The Lordis wil raise and tak the unlaw of xl s. of the party that tynis his accione; 1496 Acta Conc. II 28.
Vnder the pane of x li. to be raisit vpoun the … brekaris of this act and statute; 1500 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 87.
That ane of the maisteris … lift and rais the saidis quarter paymentis fra euery persoun that aw the samyn; 1505 Ib. 103.
Havand regres and reservatioun of the frutis of the said personage to me, and to hie sett and rais the sammyn; 1539–40 Reg. Privy S. II 511/1.
Henry King of Ingland … raiset ane gret taxatione; Leslie 65.
That ane extent of the said sowm be sett and rayset of the haill nychtbouris; 1584 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 379.
Unlawis … of the saidis courtis to ask, lift, and rais; 1596 Misc. Spald. C. I 83.
Taxation of landes ar raysed conforme to the auld extent; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Extent.
1602 Grant Chart. 199.
Suche persons as are knowin to be able … to lene or raise money; 1644 Acts VI i 81/2.
(b) Thar salbe rasyt a general ȝelde or ma; 1424 Acts II 4/1.
Under the payne of a punde of wax or the valu of it to be rasit be the dene of the gild; 1448 Aberd. B. Rec. I 402.
That the alderman sal ras of the personeris [? for presoneris] the sovmys acht be thaim; Ib. MS V i p. 4 (19 April).
That the said penny be rasit wolkly … of al personis lauborand thair awin werk; 1474 Edinb. B. Rec. I 29.
Ras; 1481 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 330.
Four hundretht pund … to be vpliftit and rasit of my landis; 1485 Breadalbane Coll. No. 22.
We … assigns to the saide Robert … tua markis of our kirk bred to be rasit … at his avne hande; 1496 Cart. S. Nich. Aberd. II 339.
And persewit viii s. of annuel yerle to be rasyt to him of ane pes of land; 1510–11 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 11.
Ane annuel of ix s. to be rasit upone the tenement of umquhill Gellelok Wycht; 1523 Ib. 69.
x thowsand ducattis … to be … rasit and vpliftit on the haill prelatis of his realme be our haly fader the pape; 1532 Reg. Cupar A. I 315.
Anuellrent … to be liftit and rasit of the said tenement; 1542 Irvine Mun. I 194.
Ane impositioun … rasit in Rowane … upoun the custume of [etc.]; 1556 Aberd. Council Lett. I 2.
As sowm liquidat to be rasit and distributit to the puyr; 1560 St. A. Kirk S. 64.
The lait impositioun and custume rasit vpone thame [sc. the burghs] be the King of Denmark; 1563 Acts II 544/2.
Rasitt; 1570 Conv. Burghs I 18.
(c) Fynes ar resat at ten merks the man; 1649 Glasgow Hammermen 17.
(2) Michel sal taik and raise up the malis of Heythathe and Smalehame; 1420 (1429–30) Reg. Great S. 30/1.
absol. We byd ȝou … that … ȝe rais and distrenȝe for the teind penny aucht to the said bischop of the foirsaid thingis; 1415 Reg. Episc. Brechin. I 36.
With power to furthput and inbring, lift and rais or labour the grond with his awn gudis; 1510 Reg. Privy S. I 329/1.
Full power … to amerchiat unlawes [etc.] … , to ask lift and reise and for the same gif neid beis to poynd and distrenȝie; 1626 Aberd. Council Lett. I 254.
21. To levy or gather together (fighting men, troops, an army); to prepare an incursion.
(1) He rasyd ost and mowyd were; Wynt. iv 589.
Cornan … attemptit to rais power in defence of the king; Boece 137.
(2) Of gude men he mycht rais in his cuntre Ten thousand fechtaris out of a citie; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 1051.
Langaweill als a gret power can rais; Wall. x 951.
Now was … ane armye rasit of gude-willy knichtis; Bell. Livy II 135/17.
Of my freindis I sould rais ane futher; Lynd. Sat. 943 (Ch.).
Id. Trag. Card. 163.
To Duncane Dundas to raise certane hakbutaris and peoneris; 1551 Treas. Acc. X 34.
The quhilk men of weir can nocht gudlie be reasit without the realme be stentit; 1552 Reg. Privy C. I 129.
That of everie fourtie merk land … thair be ane ebill sufficient fitman … reasit; Ib. 130.
Resit; Ib. 129.
1565 Irvine Mun. I 52.
Our quene … Into this realme did rais ane ryall rout; 1567 Sat. P. iii 90.
He … wald bring thame [supra a gret companye of thewis (etc.)] … in the kingis sicht to lat him vnderstand his michtie power that he may rais; Pitsc. I 25/9.
That ane number of hacbutteris be raisit; 1580–1 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 192.
Raseng an armie thame cruellie he persewis; Dalr. II 282/7.
To rease and vse the whole powar and forceis within the boundes vnder his charge for defence of the countrey; 1615 Denmylne MSS in
Highland P. III 259.
Ane inclination in manie to have raised some men to have lyen on the Borders; 1643 Baillie II 58.
They raised 500 seamen; 1664 Lamont Diary 173.
The thousand foot appoynted to be raised; 1672 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III 490.
(3) As if … wee wer raysing a Whigamyre road under Argyle; 1654 Laing MSS I 293.
VI. To remove by, or as by, lifting; to bring to an end.
22. a. To lift or remove (a thing) from its place. b. To disturb the surface of a piece of ground by digging it up or lifting part of it.
a. I wald gif all my clays To se gif that my wappinnis mycht it rais [sc. a herring]; Henr. Fab. 2123.
That the segstar raise na paithment to na lyaris; 1531 Aberd. B. Rec. I 143.
The capitane [had another lot of oxen] to rais the said monitioun; 1545 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. 3 Ser. XXXVII 116.
The said lange gutter of leid being raisit and deliverit to Johnne Weir; 1561–2 Edinb. Old Acc. II 160.
The leid aboue the samen to be siclyik resit and mendit; 1619 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 282.
Walter Woolritch, slater, … is to … raise so many good and sufficient sclaits out of Liddell heid; 1664 S. Ronaldshay 47.
— And witht him witnes to pas and se [him] … ras vp erde and stane of ane lande … for falt of payment of the grvnd annuall as maner of recognicioune is; 1498 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 79.
b. That … Thomas Mollisoun hes done wrang in causing rais the calsey; 1598 Aberd. B. Rec. II 170.
Swyne going besyde the kirk and kirk yeard who has raised up the grass and graves therof; 1679 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 288.
The very earth was raised, and the muiles … heaved up; Sinclair Satan's Inv. World (1685) 192.
23. To dig up or remove (a corpse, skeleton, etc.) from its grave, to exhume.
Hyr body to rays thai had na mycht; Wynt. vii 3120.
Than gar he rais the banis of Ieremy; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2659.
And he raisit vp thai banis halelie And in Constantinopill thaire thay ly; Ib. 2677.
The said Patrik … raisit and tuik vp sindrie deid persones furth of thair graves; 1605 Crim. Trials II 478.
The corps wes raised and … sighted be … his sister who … assured thameselfis … that he wes the mourthoured man; 1611 Ib. III 165.
John Pirie … buriet in the kirkyaird of Inverury. Was raissit again … upon ane bruit that he had gotten wrong; 1636 Inverurie 211.
Reased; 1661 Soc. Ant. XXII 254.
That both the persones who buried within the ryt of other men, and these who raised the corps, be cited unto and censured; 1674 Dunblane Synod 105.
b. fig. To lift (a person) from sin or degradation. —
Thir ressonis ar to rais ȝow Fra crymes vndir coite; Scott xxxiv 149.
Forgiue me all my sinnes, and raise me poor creatur out of the midding; King Cat. fol. 27b.
24. To remove (lands or property) from the possession of a tenant.
And with power to set and rais the saidis landis and fischingis and the tennentis thairof to remove, change [etc.]; 1511 Exch. R. XIII 444 n.
Thomas Henderson constitut Jonet Hendersone his … wndowtit assignaye to the tenement … to seit and rais als oft as neid beis; 1519 Selkirk B. Ct. fol. 70.
Committand to him full power … to rais and set all his landis, lordschippis, baronyis, heretage, takkis, stedingis and possessionis; 1542 Reg. Privy S. II 754/2.
With power to the said Frances Stewart … to sett and rais all and haill the landis and lordschip abonewrittin; 1564–5 Ib. V i 527/1.
To them full power and comission to sett, raise, sell [etc.] … the saids lands; 1663 Soc. Ant. XIV 40.
To the effect the said Elizabeth … may enter therto and peacablie brook the samyn set raise use and disponne therwpon; 1677 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 11 July.
25. To end a siege a. by withdrawing from it or b. by forcing the besiegers to desist.
a. Syne the assegis rasit wair; Barb. xx 64.
b. To Effezone ȝow ryde but let And rase the sege that thair is set; Alex. ii 438.
Oft-tyme has ben hard that a gret cete has ben segit with a gret prince, and ȝhit a pwre man has rasit the seg thar-of; Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 432.
26. To adjourn or prorogue (a meeting, parliament, court, etc.).
This day the lordis of counsale raisit and disoluit ther sete; 1478 Acta Conc. I 19/1.
The third queree was whether he had the power of raising the assemblie; 1639 Johnston Diary Ia 80.
Quhairvpone the king … raisis this parliament; Spalding I 256.
It [sc. the Session] is agane raisit; Ib. II 290 marg.
Raysed; 1658 Lamont Diary 104.
The Erle of Callendar … did rais the Assemblie, and dischargit the Moderator; 1661 Nicoll Diary 333.
Therwpon the court wes raised; 1685 Stranraer B. Ct. 16 March.
27. To move, or cause to move, (an army or camp).
His ost he rasd, and come to Werk on Twede; Wall. i 79.
Eneas all his ost … Hes rasyt, trumpyng to the town in hy; Doug. xi ix 4.
The Inglismen raisit thair camp and come forward; Diurn. Occurr. 44.
Pitsc. I 214/9.
The generall had not tym sufficient to rease his liger and crose the river; P. Gordon Brit. Dist. 186.
VII. To make higher or greater.
28. To increase in height, size or level, to cause to rise or swell up.
Scho wald … hydwisly wp raise the see; Troy-bk. i 456.
Oder is the erd hiear rasit, Or hevyn declynit; Seven S. 104.
The power … To meys the flude, or rays with stormys hie; Doug. i ii 30.
Ane blast of eistrene winde … raissit the flame of fyre sa wehementlie that [etc.]; Pitsc. I 312/9.
To rais, heicht and enlairge the window; 1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 175.
The greitt bell … to be rayset hiear; 1585 Ib. 428.
That pairt of the foir wall … to be reasit and maid lewall with the rest; 1619 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 282.
To build up the sessioun house … and to raise it als heich as the midle of the eist church window, he lofting the samine; 1660 Lanark B. Rec. 182.
Incaice the walls … be to laigh … then to raise the same; 1681 Edinb. B. Rec. XI 8.
29. To bring up (a nap on cloth); to make a nap (on cloth). Also absol.
All owtman of the said craft [sc. the waulkers of Dundee] … takkand wobbis or claith to walk, raise and scheir; 1525 (1527) Reg. Great S. 97/1.
Syne with the sleik stanis … Thay rais the pyle; a1568 Sempill Sat. P. xlviii 78.
The cloaths are not reased weell enugh in the dabbing board, which makes the threed appear; 1701 New Mills Manuf. 268.
30. a. To increase (a price, rent, wage, etc.) in amount; to heighten.
(1) Mailis and gersomes rasit ouirhie [M. ar raisit so hie]; Dunb. (O.U.P.) 210/13.
That na man … tak on hand to raise the pryce of ony of the stuffis foresaidis … darrer nor it hes bene done coft and sawld in tyme bygane; 1536 Edinb. B. Rec. II 77.
The marchantis … hes continewalie hychtit and rasit the pryces; 1565–6 Reg. Privy C. I 425.
Rased; 1588 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I 172.
Not only is the derth of all wairis … foisterit and raisit; 1599 Fraser P. 115.
The grite and extraordinair derth and prices reasit upoun the buittis and schone; 1608 Aberd. Council Lett. I 104.
The cordinaris who sall contravene rais or heicht the said prices; Ib.
That na strayngers … heicht or rayse the pryces thairof [victual]; 1613 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 101.
They that be at his coistis he aucht to raise there weyges … eftir the reat of there hyre; Bisset II 256/26.
Not onlie is the dearth of all goods comming to the said faire raised, fostered and interteainned but [etc.]; 1637 Fraser P. 120.
(2) That all rentallis given doune or diminished in the cheker propter sterilitatem agri be raisit up againe; Skene in Misc. Stair Soc. I 149.
b. To increase the price of (an article); to charge more for.
To raise the markit, to charge higher prices.
The markit raisit bene sa hie; Lynd. Sat. 3186 (Ch.).
Raisand all wyld mete … to ane sic exhorbitand derth; 1546–7 Edinb. B. Rec. II 126.
Ȝour court-men heir hes maid my claith deir And raisd it twell-pennis of the ell; a1568 Sempill Sat. P. xlviii 58.
1575 Orkney Oppress. 11 (see Mele n.2 2 b (c).
c. With personal obj.: To charge (a person) more dearly; to subject to increased contributions.
Thay will willinglie pay the said penny, … with … conditioun that thai be nocht heichtet nor rayset heirafter; 1606 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 18.
VIII. 31. intr. To rise, in various senses. Cf. Ris(e v.
Quhen he has hard sua rais [C. ris] the cry … He dressyt thidderwart; Barb. xvi 409 (E).
The duke Betis begouth to rais And waryit God; Alex. (Taym.) 3385.
Quhen Arbates that sycht had sene, His corage rasit frome the splene; Lynd. Mon. 3332.
Trocht quhais trublis rasit schoutting and crying in the nycht; 1573 Inverness Rec. I 230.
All his subiectis … to rease and meit his majesteis leiftennentis at Hamiltoun; Moysie 21.
At the heiring quhairoff, with great motioun, raysing, he prayit; Melvill 708.
The palais at Poictiers … raises the 1 Saturday of September, and sittes doune again at Martimess; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 49.
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Rais(e v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Oct 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/raise>
Try an Advanced Search