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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1990 (DOST Vol. VII).

Rage, Raige, Raidge, Rege, n. Also: rayge, ra(d)g(e, raig, readg(e. [ME and e.m.E. rage (1297), F. rage, raige, f. rabia, late L. form of L. rabies rabies.]

1. Madness, frenzy.Also in fury rage (for a note on the application of fury in this phr., see Bawcutt Lexical Notes on Douglas).(1) 1456 Hay I 228/1.
All that a woodman dois he dois throu woodnes and rage
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5137.
Thocht sum de naturally, throuch aige, Fer mo deis raiffand in one raige
1595 Duncan App. Etym.
Rabies, rage of a dogge
(2) 1513 Doug. iv Prol. 169.
Thir Venus warkis in ȝouthed ar foly Bot into eild thai turn in fury rage
Ib. v i 14.

b. (A) high fever; delirium. — 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 146.
Efter scho drank thairof scho tuik the rage
c1705 Nimmo Narr. 7.
[A young man] fell into a high fever and in the readg thairof dyed

2. Violent anger, fury; a fit of such anger. Freq. in the phr. in (a) rage. Also comb.(1) 1375 Barb. xiii 138.
Thai faucht as thai war in a rage
?1438 Alex. ii 4140.
He berit as ane lyoun in rage
c1420 Wynt. ii 394 (W). a1500 Lanc. 3172.
c1475 Wall. v 681.
Bathe ire and luff him set in till a rage
1490 Irland Mir. II 141/12.
That I suld fall in sic a rage and foly to strik ȝou
1513 Doug. iv viii 122.
Lyke kyng Pentheus, in his wod rage dotand
1576 Crim. Trials I i 61.
Being offendit be ane cuff … he depairtit in his rage
a1578 Pitsc. I 283/7.
Schir Patrick … ruschit out rudlie of thair ludgeingis … in ane furieous rage
1585 James VI Ess. 47. c1610 Lanark B. Rec. 121.
1637 Justiciary Cases I 292.
(b) c1590 J. Stewart 209 §37.
1592 Douglas Corr. 37.
Thay that hes committit the recent crueltiis, continewing obstinatlie in their raige … may work further mischeif
(c) c1615 Chron. Kings 164.
The erll, in ane readge, giffis Sir Robert ane blaw on the eir
(2) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (O.U.P.) 192/23.
Lat Fortoun wirk furthe hir rage
Ib. 39/25. 1513 Doug. i iv 74.
The rage [Sm. ragis] of Silla … Ȝe haue eschapit
1584-9 Maxwall Commonpl. Bk. Prov. No. 75.
Rage is without reason
(b) a1568 Bann. MS 221a/19.
Quhill dethis rege vnto the rut me ryfe
15.. Lichtoun Bann. MS 48a/15.
Rege [rh. -age]
(c) 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 221.
Sho to eschew the raig [Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 79: rayge] did the samin
c1590 J. Stewart 94/525.
For raidge he roird

3. Violent and confused activity. Applied, fig., to human life. a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 688 (Asl.).
Syn for till asswage … And of this warld to ces the stormy rage
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. 444/93.
This reill this raige this crewiell weir Thocht it a quhyll do thé molest [etc.]

b. An outburst of physical violence. — 1603 Moysie 14.
Mr. Bowis … seing maiteris pas to great vnquyetnes gif the great raidge had not beine tymusly preuented

4. transf. Violence, fury (of the elements, fire, etc.). a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 15 (Asl.).
As the se is euer in commocioun In stormy rage [Harl. ragie] [etc.]
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 1349.
This brukill eird … Me thocht I saw birne in ane fyrie rage Of stormie sey
Id. Æn. i viii 57.
Forbyd ȝon cruell fyre, besekis thé, Suffir not to byrn our schippis in a rage
Ib. iii vi 120.
The seys rage draif in, and maid thame twane
1529 Lynd. Complaynt 139.
Quhen marinaris bene all agast Throw dainger of the seis raige
c1552 Id. Mon. 2354.
The stormis rage
15.. Clar. iv 1.
Erle Esturis pursevant felt no raige Into the sea, bot had ane fair voyage
c1590 Fowler I 229/4.
Quhen they [the seas] in rage did swell
c1600 Montg. Suppl. xxxiv 97.
The fyre with heitt, and rege ferwent, Dois … burne

5. A passion; a violent feeling; an excess (of feeling, desire, appetite, etc.).Freq. in references to sexual passion.Also pl. in sing. sense (but the -es may be an erroneous editorial expansion of a scribal flourish).(1) c1420 Ratis R. 1421.
And jugment beis al forȝet, And vilfulnes and mysknawleg Ay wodly weildand in a rage
Ib. c1420 Ratis R. 795.
Fore wedand joy beand in rages Lattis al suthfast gud knawleges
(2) a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 31.
Youtheid, Of quhome the blude is flowing in ane rage
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 86.
Quha that constranit ar in luifis rage
Id. Æn. iv i 39.
War not alsso to me is displesant Genyvs chalmyr or matrymone to hant; Perchans I mycht be venquist in this rage
Ib. ii 33. 1560 Rolland Seven S. 6441.
He blent about … Incontinent he was tane in the net Of lufis rage
1567 Sat. P. iv 135. a1568 Bann. MS 256b/10.
Quhen I wes pege I … sped my erand sone Now is that rege turnd in dotage
a1585 Maitl. Q. 39/5.
Ane ȝoung las quhais bluid is ȝit in raige
Ib. 106/75.
My fyrie raige Dois then aggrage My soir torment
(3) 1513 Doug. viii iv 1.
Eftir that stanchit was the hungris rage
1531 Bell. Boece I xi.
The rage of youtheid may nocht dantit be, But gret distres
Ib. II 93.
The fury and rage of insolence ilk day more incressing
Id. Livy II 70/12.
The panefull rage of hunger that thai sustenit
c1530-40 Stewart Maitl. F. 372/47.
Christ bring oure king to perfyte age Withe wit fra ȝouthis feirfull rage
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1225.
Opprest with sensuall lustis rage, [they] Did tak thame in to mariage
1562-3 Winȝet II 63/17.
A certane furious raige of al wices
a1568 Scott xvi 50.

b. On (in one's) rage, in heat. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (S.T.S.) lxxxiv 8.
Quhone the biche is jolie and on rage
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2764 (Ch.).
Thay, lyke rams, rudlie in thair rage … rinnis amang the sillie ȝowis
15.. Bk. Dean Lismore 77.
The biche in iolying in hir raige … cheisis nocht the grew hund

c. An onset or fit of great sorrow. 1513 Doug. xii ii 35.
Quhill that this virgyn in this wofull rage [etc.]
a1568 Bann. MS 217a/13.
Thair is nocht wrey in wardlie wrege To rug me than out of that rege [: stage, swage]

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"Rage n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 6 Oct 2022 <>



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