A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Put, Putt(e, v. Also: pwt; pute, puit; pout(te, powt; Pit(t; Pot(t. P.t. put(t, pute, pwt(e; pat(t, pate; puttit, -ed. P.p. put, putt(e; pute, pwt(e, puit; pout, powt; puttin, -en; path. [ME and e.m.E. pute(n (c 1220), putte(n (12th c.), pwt (1479), p.t. putte (Layamon), put (c 1300), puttede, -ide (Wyclif), -ed, -id, -yd, p.p. put (Cursor M.), putt (Rolle), yput, i-putte, putte (Piers Plowman, Trevisa), putted (Rolle), -id (c 1450), putet (1495), late ME puttyn (c 1400), -en (c 1450), late OE *putian (? 4–u-5, ? 4–ū-5), late OE putung vbl. n. instigation.] To put.

I. 1. intr. To push or shove; to thrust; ? to push or press forward in battle, to give battle. Thay put and showit with all thare micht; Alex. ii 9036.
Sa fast thay faucht and put agane That of seuin battellis thay left but ane; Ib. 9096.
That the Bewmonde … withe a sturdy worde Bad stande and put [R. stand a pwt, W. stand a put]; Wynt. viii 3507 (C).
Bot he was put sa far into the thrang And him allane his fais mellit amang; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 1591.

b. To butt with horns. c. To butt or thrust one's way throuch a physical obstacle. A ȝoung bullok … [that] Can all reddy with hornys fuyn and put; Doug. ix x 91.
I … kest my self richt with ane michtie bend Put throuch [B. Outthruch] the volt and pressit nocht the pend; Lichtoun Dreme 18 (M).

d. To propel or ‘putt’ (a stone or other weight): see Putting vbl. n. 2, Put(t)ar n. 1 (1).

2. tr. With adverbial of motion or direction: To make (an army etc.) move or retreat in the direction stated, by force; to drive, force. To put upon thair bakkis = to put abak, sense 38. Gavdifeir saw the nobill king Preis his men throw hard fechting To put duke Betys to the plane, And, throw force … To reif him the strenth of the hill; Alex. i 2357.
The said erllis cumpany, cumand vpoun the said gentilmene of Lowthiane, was put vpoun thair bakkis with speiris; Diurn. Occurr. 74.

3. To cause (a person or thing) to move, by exerting some physical force, in a direction or into a position expressed by an adverbial; to thrust, push, move, set. Also reflex. Also to put (another) to the dore or ȝet. (1) pres. Thir women … that thai be demanyt … that is to be with hyrne clekis put in the water; 1436–7 Ayr B. Ct. p. 55 (3 Jan.).
The Coilȝear … tuke him be the hand And put him befoir him … the king … To put the Coilȝear in befoir maid him to mene; Rauf C. 119, 121.
Gif he fand ony of my serwandis puttan muk on the said mydding; 1565 Inverness Rec. I 128.
p.t. Thow tuik a cat, and pat hir nyn tymes bakvart throw the sam hesp; 1598 Misc. Spald. C. I 120.
Hary Ruthuen … gaif Andro Hendersoun ane grite louke and almoist patt him over the brig; 1610 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 108/13. 2.
[She] iniurit hir werie ewill and patt the lass from hir seat and raif hir plaid; 1623 Elgin Rec. II 179.
Scho … maid ane hoill … and pat ane bairne throw it thrie tymeis; 1623 Perth Kirk S. MS 19 May.
That Thomas Crombie only tuik hand and quhinger and all and pat it bak fra him self; 1625 Justiciary Cases I 21.
(b) Rauf C. 119 (see pres. above).
p.p. About foure … he was put af the leddar; Melvill 36.
(2) pres. Boisting to put me to the ȝet; Melville Mem. 324.
p.t. He gaue ȝow ane cuff, and pat ȝow to the dore; 1624 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 137.
Sir Williame … pat the lady to the yet; Spalding II 467.
(b) Quhairat my wyfe being irritat put hir to the yett; 1638 Johnston Diary I 294.
(3) reflex. As pilgrimage prayer puttand thé on thi kneis; Irland Asl. MS 24/20.

b. To move or place one's limb or part of one's body (into a certain place or position or in a certain direction). Also fig. Quhen he hys a fwte had pwt in The fwnt [etc.]; Wynt. v 5791.
Gif he puttis nocht his hande fully & plat to the buk; Quon. Attach. c. 53.
Thomas put his hand in his syde; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 129/4.
The Christians … by thair fingars transuersly puttin, formit a figure of the crosse; Fowler II 57/22.
[Alexander Ruthven] puttis his richt neiff in his maiesteis mouth; 1600 Acts IV 206/2.
His maiestie pat his fute vpoun the halk leische, and held hir ane lang tyme; Ib. 208/2.
Bot the sattiers … pat ther handis behind them to ther tailes, quhilkis [etc.]; Melville Mem. 171.
Alexander Hephburne pat his thie to stay Robert Martein; 1622 Elgin Rec. II 174.
fig. You lasses and lads put your shoulders to that work; Presb. Eloq. 86.

c. To put (violent) hand(is) (to, on, in): see Hand n. 11. The kingis hienes til put his handis and remane with the sammyn fisching as his propirte; 1498–9 Acta Conc. II 305.
To quyet therefore my owne conscience, I put hand to the pen as followeth; 1572 Dickson & Edmond Ann. Sc. Printing 252.
He pat his handis in the said Williames throt, and thairwith worried … him; 1611 Crim. Trials III 131.
And yow putt yor hands in my throat and thoucht to have woried me; 1661 Black Sc. Witches 36.

d. To put one's hand to (unto) the pleuch, see Pleuch n. 1 c.

e. To put (a limb etc.) furth or out of (joint). My hors fell with me, and I pat my schulder bled out of lithe; 1585 Waus Corr. 337.
[(They) broke his right arm and] put the same furth of joyntour; 1605 Reg. Privy C. VII 111.
His hors … whois forder spalds wer putt out of lith; 1630 Ib. 2 Ser. III 607.

f. To send or shoot (a bullet) throw (an object etc.). Threitnyt to put twa bullettis throw his heid; 1590 Reg. Privy C. IV 486.

g. To put (a drinking-cup) to one's head. They killed him in ane innes, whill he was putting the coppe to his heade; Calderwood VII 165.

h. To set (a plough) to or in the land it is to till. It sal be lefull to the said abbot and conuent … to put agayne thair plwis to the saide land; 1416 Liber Melros 539.
Was sa vehement frost in Scotland that na pluch micht be put in the land afore the middis of Marche; Bell. Boece II 328.

4. a. reflex. To put oneself to or in the se, to take to sea, to set sail. In hy thai put thame to the se And rowit fast; Barb. iv 441 (C).
Thai put thaim out in the depe se; Troy-bk. ii 1697.
And syne thai put thame in the see and thocht to passe in Lombardye; Hay I 39/15.

b. To put (a ship) to sea. He … Feit ane schip and pat her to the fame, Into Scotland agane for to cum hame; Stewart 44208.

5. To cause (a person, also an animal) to be in (also into, to) a certain place or situation expressed or, occas., implied in the context; to instal, set, place. In these examples the employment of physical force is either not clearly alluded to or is not necessarily involved. (1) pres. Good sir, my self shal be your guide. We shal not twin while it be late, Then shal I put you in the gate; Sir Eger 2190.
The Laird of Arkinles … thair takis him prissoner … and putting him in ane boitt … he … lowpis in the watter; 16.. Crim. Trials II 434.
p.t. (a) Inne-to this sayd hors … The Gregeois put … Symeon; Troy-bk. ii 684 (C).
He … Put garisoun and stuf in that castell; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2748.
Seven S. 1029.
Rolland Seven S. 5335.
(b) For hir gilt tha pat hir quik in graue; Stewart 8811.
Compl. 5/31.
Allegand the said Elezabethe [brocht in] ane of the quenis gracis cukis quyetlie, and pat him in ane loft; 1565–6 Canongate Kirk S. (ed.) 40.
He … fand him at the last, And pat him in Lochleuin, quhair he is fast; 1570 Sat. P. x 318.
For quhy Cardanus The Feind pat in the preist; Ib. xv 88.
And also the king gart tak ane dum woman and pat hir in Inchekeytht; Pitsc. I 237/16.
Thay … saltit him and pat him in ane keist; Ib. II 84/8 (I).
God wats qhiou sor I hauue forthocht that I pat him not at the furst with yow; c 1580 Mary 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. viii 9.
1610 Crim. Trials III 110.
p.p. He that quyk sawit Moyses In the watir quhen he put was; Leg. S. xxvii 273.
In euerilk hous of Yngland thare was put ane Dene to be mastere; Asl. MS I 199/7.
For ane hors bocht fra James Kynloch and put in the gun cart lymmowris; 1517 Treas. Acc. V 157.
He sould be put to ane desert without the burgh, as lypir men hes wsit to be demanit; 1528 Stirling B. Rec. I 33.
[Plague victims] to be put to muyr without delay; 1549 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. XVII 205.
That all land fleshors be put at 9 houres at once to the mercat; 1568 (c 1650) Dundee B. Laws 36.
I am castin lowse and putt to [v.r. in] ane bak rowme; 1627 Laing MSS I 178.
(2) To keip him the Iowis put men of weir; Remembr. Passion 650.
To haue past to the Castell of Dunbartane, for to haue put our souerane ladie for preservatioun of hir bodie; Diurn. Occurr. 130.

b. To set a person, a person's body or part of the body, in a place of confinement, in, on or to an instrument of punishment, or the like. See Brankis n. 2, Cukstule n., Goif n., Govis n. pl., Jayne n., Jevill n., Jogis n. pl., Preso(u)n n.1, etc., for further instances. To put in presoun, to send to prison: see Preso(u)n n.1 1 (2). (1) Gif a knycht … puttis him [his prisoner] in a clos prisoun toure or castell; Hay I 172/33.
That scho be putt in the irnis at the croce; 1538 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 88.
[All swearers] salbe put in cukstule or goffis; 1562 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 6.
Thairfoir thay pat him in the buittis; Pitsc. II 242/24.
He sall … be put in the stokkis; 1579 Acts III 145/2.
William Littill, baillie, pat the said John Ellott in waird; 1579 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 129.
Thair said mother … to be put in Dyngwall induring the townis will; 1581 Ib. 219.
And for thait cauis I vais puit in prison; 1581 Nugae Scoticae 36.
Puit; 1597 St. A. Kirk S. 835.
Quhen the coalȝiers wer putt in the tolbuith; 1683 Sheriffhall Coal Accompt 16 June.
(2) Hir craig to be put in the govis; 1594 Aberd. B. Rec. II 93.
They instantly wardit him and patt baith his feit on the gade; 1624 Chron. Perth 26.
(3) Scho sall … be put on the kukstule; Acts I 33/2.
(4) Thomas Bryntoun … to be putt to the croce; 1585–6 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 454.
John Innes … to be vardit and puttin to the joggis; 1629 Elgin Rec. II 208.

c. To convey over a water. 1591 Edinb. B. Rec. V 41 (see Putting vbl. n. 1 (1)).
Ordaines the officers … to put over the water Samuell McGown Little Winrum and McMin and any uther they can find heireftir they are to have six shilling for ilk on they put over the water; 1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 20 Oct.

6. To cause (cattle etc.) to be in, at etc., to place or introduce to, a place, or amang other animals. pres. He sall put nay bestiall vpon the inland girs; 1531 Reg. Soltre 104.
The landwart peple puttis certane tame cursouris and meris amang thir wild hors; Bell. Boece I xli.
All infekit nout to be put at the dry louch; 1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 143.
That divers personis duelland neir … Glenartney puttis wyld meris within the samin [forest]; 1553 Reg. Privy S. IV 349/1.
Diuers our leigis … putt and as ȝit daylie puttis thair guides in the samin forrest; 1578 Glenartney Doc.
Sic persouns haifing ky that putis the samin to the comoun befoir the horne blaw; 1598 Paisley B. Rec. 213.
That no … burges pasture or put scheepe or nolt to the said landes; 1653 Peebles B. Rec. II 15.
p.t. The scheiphirdis pat there scheip on … hillis, to get ther pastour; Compl. 42/26.

b. To put (cattle) to or before (a herdsman), to place them with him, to put them in his charge. 1475 Prestwick B. Rec. 26 (see Inhird n.).
Except quhat they pute thairof [sc. of cattle] befoir the commoune hird or in tyme of labour in the commoune; 1669 Rothesay B. Rec. 167.

7. To cause (a thing) to be in a physical situation expressed by an adverbial; to move, set, place, lay, fix, instal (in, on, to, over, etc.). (1) pres. Troyiens … gold and syluer [etc.] … Inne-to the tempile of Mynerve Suld put hem thar for to conserve; Troy-bk. ii 412 (C).
1489 etc. (see Caudil n.).
Tume pipis to put this ail … in; 1497 Treas. Acc. I 343.
1501 Ib. II 106.
1538 Ib. VII 43.
For ane bwist to put lettres in; 1551–2 Ayr Common Good Acc.
Libertie … to put [pr. prit] a boat in the loch att Caldwall; 1680 Caldwell P. I 138.
p.t. Thow art he and thow art scho That Roulis blak jabert put in bro And thow art scho that staw his hen And put hir in the pot thair ben; Rowll Cursing 128 (M).
(b) He pat his fingar in the heyt fyir; Compl. 110/14.
[She] pat the samyn in a pane mixit thair with aquavytie; 1596 Elgin Rec. II 45.
[They set the same on fire, and] pat thame in dyvers pairtis of the easingis of the said hous; 1602 Reg. Privy C. VI 431.
Ane Eduard Henrisoun a baxter in Edinburgh pat ane candle and certane povlder in ane hadder stack of his fatheris; Moysie 52.
To sex men of the trone that pat the goues in the eird; 1610 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 324.
Quhilk the K. pat in his pouche; Melville Mem. 60.
Ȝe tuik ane … stane and pat it in the fyre; 1624 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 137.
Quhilk coffer … the sheref deput lokit seallit … and patt … in ane lokfast chalmer; 1638 Elphinstone Mun. 26.
p.p. And syne his blude In tyll a weschall tycht and gude Sulde be put; Wynt. v 1473 (R).
His armis to be putt in hewyn werk in vthir thre partes of the ile; 1454–5 Edinb. Chart. 79.
Fund in the maist of the said cofferis lous, and put in na thing … [570] rois nobilis [etc.]; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 80.
And inwartly it is maid of diuers precious stanis put in gold; Prester John 310b.
(2) The hart fleis kindly tha tyngis that is aganys it & putis the venome to his clenging plas; c 1420 Liber Calchou 449.
Ane angell quhilk he bowyt and put abowte his beydis; 1489 Treas. Acc. I 126.
Ane byrne jrne to be put vpone thair chekis that brekis ony of the saidis statutis; 1529 Aberd. B. Rec. I 124.
& puttand a cod ondir thi heid to sleip; Abell 118a.
Compl. 99/13.
And his heid and memberis to be put and hungin on the maist patent portis of Edinburghe; 1564 Crim. Trials I i 441.
This is the bricht lanterne, quhilk can nocht be put onder ane firlot; 1573 Tyrie in Cath. Tr. 23/36.
Ib. 8/9.
And quhene they hat putt the cott wpoun the said Mr. George, the wther pat the pulder round about him; Pitsc. II 79/1, 2.
Thaireftir thay maid ane assignay and pat vpone it ane pictour of ane deid bodie; Ib. 195/25.
Gif it happinis any schip … to be putt vpoun the schoir [etc.]; 1581 Conv. Burghs I 117.
Swa it is necessar to pwt ane new rwif vpone the said cheppell; 1583 Chapel Royal lxxxvii.
For ane pair of joggis that wes put on the meill mercat, 5 s.; 1599–1600 Misc. Spald. C. V 73.
To ane woman for the lane of tua window claithis to put about thame [a coat of arms being painted]; 1615–16 Glasg. Univ. Mun. III 567.
And pat ane bow string about hir head to gar her speik; 1616 Orkney & Shetl. Ct. Bk. in
Misc. Maitl. C. II 189.
The bulyeoun … to be putt to the myntehouse; 1625 Acts V 178/1.
Pwtis [powder] betwixt the ovir laftis [pr. lastis]; 1633 Maxwell Mem. II 228.
He pat the blood to the blood, till all vp stood; 1662 Crim. Trials III 608.
That ane handsome litle brige with ane penn be put over St. Tenowes burne; 1662 Glasgow B. Rec. II 489.
(3) Every gudis … war brocht within Rome. Thus thai durst put na thing vtouth the wallis; Bell. Livy I 147/16.
Dauid … officer com to the … landis of Estfeild and thair … putt aff the grund … ane gangand plewcht pertenyng to Ihone Ȝong; 1566 Prot. Bk. D. Gray MS 38b.
Insicht geir … put furth of the said Malcolmis hous; 1596 Black Bk. Taymouth 418.
Any ballast that is putt out of schips for the use of the howff allanerlie; 1638 Edinb. B. Rec. VII 200.
(4) Payt to viij men quhilkis were left to keip the schip or scho wes put owre the lyne; 1534 Treas. Acc. VI 233.

b. To put some piece of wearing apparel or harness on or upon a person or animal or his or its body or part of the body. pres. Ane fair quhyt curch scho puttis vpoun hir heid; Freiris Berw. 144 (B).
p.t. (a) [He] Tyt away that goldyn las, And pwt it abowt hys awyn hals; Wynt. iv 1243.
Sir Eger 384.
And put the sark wat vpoune hir at midnycht; 1597 Crim. Trials II 26.
(b) Thai plettit a croun of thornis, and puttit on him; Nisbet Mark xv 17.
(c) And on his heid thai pat ane goldin croun; Stewart 10127.
His lady patt ane brydill in his heid; Weddirburne Bann. MS 260b/33.
And pat ane scabit summok on hir [sc. a mare]; 1593 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 44.
p.p. For xxxj dosoun of bells till the said dansors till be put upone thair bodyis and leggs; 1558 Mill Mediæv. Plays 185.

c. To put (bullion etc.) to the fire or furnace, to melt it. That … nouther siluer nor gold … be in ony wis moltyn or put to the fire be the kingis cunȝouris; 1475 Acts II 112/1.

d. To put (fire, flame) in or to, to set fire to, set alight. p.t., p.p. As thyr forsaid bestes wer Leyd to be brent one the alter And to thame fyr put; Troy-bk. ii 421 (C).
That he had prively put fyre be a fyre ball … in his hous [etc.]; Hay I 262/29.
Scintillam excudit, mad a fyre, patt a low in the kindling; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. i 174.
McCloyd Herreik … came to the cove and pat fire thairto; Descr. Isles 433.

e. To put forward, lay down, hand over (a fine or a surety). And he put til his scath c s. or xl s.; Burgh Laws c. 99 (B).
Gif they put nocht guid surtie to [etc.]; Bisset II 256/18.

f. To transfer or convey (a disease) by witchcraft. For cureing of ane woman … be taking the seiknes af hir and puting it vpone ane kow; 1623 Crim. Trials III 556.

8. To set or conduct (a person or thing) on his or its way, to see started. Also reflex. to set off. (1) I pray you … That ye will rise before the day, And put me forward in the way; Sir Eger 2298.
Thar was furneist and put on gait fyve canonis; 1513 Treas. Acc. IV 515.
To gar sum of the lardis serwandis to put him up Ettrik or sum siker gayt; 1572 15th Rep. Hist. MSS App. ix 23.
(2) On the morne as cleirit up the day, They all prepairit and put them on the way; Clar. v 2606.

b. fig. To put (a committee) on the way, to put it to work, see it in operation. Satling the said committee, and puttinge them one the way againe; Balfour Ann. III 136.

9. To affix (one's seal, to or till a document). Also, to put one's mark (on bread). Cf. 51 b below, and To-put v. (1) In wytnes here of to this lettre I haue put my sele; 1379 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 2.
Thai haff put thaire selys interchangeably; 1398 Ib. No. 37.
And put that sayd seelle til yt; 1424 Grey Friars II 167.
The common seil … to be put to the part remanande wyth the said prior; 1471 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 54.
(2) That ilk baxter haif bot ane buith … and his mark putt on his breid; 1535–6 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 73.

10. In fig. and allusive applications of prec. senses. a. intr. To consider, take thought. And almen that herde puttit [P. puttiden; L. posuerunt] in thare hart, and said Quhat maner child sall this be? Nisbet Luke i 66.

b. tr. To complement, support, confirm. They must needs stand and fall together for they mutually put each other: Thou shalt labour six dayes, and rest on the seventh; Thou shalt rest on the Sabbath-day, and labour six; Durham Commandments (1675) 127.

c. To put by, to cause (a person) to pass (a test or the like), to subject to. d. To put to, to send to or to cause to be submitted to (a curative agency or regimen). When he is now settled on Jesus for salvation, he must yet be put by the command. It discovers his daily sins, and so he is put to Jesus, the open fountain for all sin and uncleanness; Binning Wks. 609.

e. To send (commodities) to the market, to put on sale in the market. That the sellaris thairof [sc. wild fowl] putt thame oppinly to the merkett; 1494 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 67.
And that all land flesh be put at once to the mercat; 1550 (c 1650) Dundee B. Laws 13.
1622 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 238.

f. To put (a period of time) aff one, to pass, ‘see through’, ‘put in’ (the time). Cf. 47 e. And scho said to the said Margret, ‘Evill might thow put the yeir aff thé'; 1633 Orkney Witch Trial in
Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 547.

g. To put a close to, to conclude. Untill the parliament should have putten a close to som of ther greater affaires; 1661 Aberd. Council Lett. IV 131.

h. To put (property) to the wind, to waste it, to ‘throw it away’. Ane othir spendis and puttis to the wynd the gudis that he gaderit with gret trouble; Porteous Noblenes 47 (Ch. & M.).

i. To put (a person) on the stage, ? to accuse publicly (see Stage n. and v.). William Purves dictator … to the Excequer and [etc.] … wer put on the staige; 1657 Nicoll Diary 203.

j. With in, on or of delay: see Delay n. (4).

k. To put (a person) to the sword. All put thay to the suord I hecht; Alex. ii 9098.

11. a. To put forward as a pledge, representative or substitute for one; also, to put (a thing) to stand for or represent another thing. Gif … sum other … wald to sauf hir honour gaynsay the crime and put his body tharfor; Hay I 261/18.
All persones of dignitee suld put a campioun for thame; Ib. 264/12.
In till his hand a reid put for a ceptour; Kennedy Pass. Christ 608.
The devill desyred her … to put him [sc. a horse] for William Stephen … the devill bade her tak Walter Stewart bayly and put him for a nighbour; 1662 Highland P. III 23.

b. To put (a person) in the place or stede of another. Putand in the place of godly ministeris … dum doggis; Winȝet I 7/31.
To say aganis … sum of the … inqueist that utheris may be pute in thair place; c 1566 Fife Sheriff Ct. 407.
The lordis … chaingit all his auld offiecearis and pat new in thair steid; Pitsc. I 305/28.

c. To put before, to prefer to. The hypocreitis, before God puts thair kings; Lauder Minor P. iii 87.

12. To put (one thing) to, in (into) another thing, by way of addition or as a component; to introduce or to add. b. With a person as obj. Giff thi malar puttis guld in thi land; Acts I 386/2.
No leech … Can put a finger to an hand; Sir Eger 1274.
Na goldsmythtis sall … put fals layis in the said mettallis; 1489 Acts II 221/1.
The listare that will put the maist noble coloure of scarlet in a claith; Irland Mir MS 293b.
For a mast he put in the samyn schip; 1496 Treas. Acc. I 300.
Na tre to be put in the said stule bot new aik; 1512 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 109.
To fortify and strenthin the keipar dyke … and to put twa strang barressis into it; 1578–9 Reg. Privy C. III 81.
Tak rue levis and bray thame [in] wynager and put roissis to thame; a 1595 Misc. Spald. C. II xxx.
If ye may spend meikle, put the more to the fire; Ferg. Prov. No. 491.
b. The saide assis askyt mar help of men of vndirstandyng and than … ther wes put to thaim sworn four wys … men; 1428 Liber Melros II 520.

13. To instal (a person) in, also to, a dignity, office, property, tenancy etc.; to put in possession of the dignity, property etc. Quhill ane othir callit Damas was put in the sege wrangwisly and sone was he put doun and ane callit Benait was put up forsably; Hay I 23/22.
Ȝour sagis That will sone put ȝow of ȝour stagis And put ȝour dwm son to the crovne; Seven S. 1607.
Letters … to put hir in the landis quhilkis [etc.]; 1496–7 Acta Conc. II 62.
To put the sade Schir Jhone Thayne in the sade chapelranry; 1498 Ib. 260.
Ȝe, kyngs, hes wyte … That pat sic pastoris to sic cure; Lauder Off. Kings 354.
The pure plewmen … Ȝe schute thame furth, syne puts ane vthir thair; Id. Minor P. i 531.
Quha disponis ony landis and puttis ony persoun thairintill [etc.]; 1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 119.
Mr. Henry Charteris was put in the charge of the magistrand classe; Craufurd Edinb. Univ. fol. 9.

b. To put (a person) in or into (possession of a property). To pwt … his o and … his wyf … in to staet and seasing of [etc.]; 1534 Lamont P. 41.
And pat the said nobil lord … in reale actuale and corporall possessioun of the samyn; 1576 Oliphants 133.
Patt; 1632 Strathendrick 25.

14. a. To appoint (a person) on (apon) (an official body); also reflex. and absol. Of thaim that puttis thaim a pon in inquisicone. Giff tua men puttis thaim on ane inquest a pon ony thing done a mang thaim [L. Si duo homines ponant se in inquisicione]; Reg. Maj. c. 186.
The x [exception] gif he puttis ony vnsufficiand man; Quon. Attach. c. 53.
The said schiref put apone the said inquest … persons quhilk war suspect of the law to the party folowar; 1482–3 Acta Conc. II ciii.

b. To put (a person) in or on (also upon, to) (the) leit, to put in (also upon, at) (the) leitis, to put on a leet or list. For further examples, see Leit n.2 and Lite n.1 Also, to put in the list, id., and put in or under inventar, s.v. Inventar n.2 To put … in wagis, put on a pay-roll (lit. or fig.). (1) The Assemblie put in leits … Mr. Alexander [etc.]; Scot Narr. 15.
That none … be putt wpon lyt [etc.]; 1650 Glasgow Wrights Acts 6.
The Sessioun … are desired carefully to consider … who are most meit to be put in the list; 1654 Cramond Kirk S. 13 Aug.
(2) Thre score … hagbuttaris [to] be listit and put in wages; 1561 Edinb. B. Rec. III 114.

15. To implant, instill or impart (a quality of character or an emotion) in, into or to a person. Honour is the ledere of gud men to hie estait puttyng in him dantit blythnes [etc.]; Porteous Noblenes 175/21 (Asl.).
The halie spreit … the quhilk … pat in thaime [the apostles] the lwiff of God; Gau 48/13.
Quhill God pat ane better mynd into thame; 15.. 2nd Rep. Hist. MSS App. 180/1.
Putting feir to the regent that [etc.]; Buch. Wr. 50.
The Captane of Castel heralde the Erles of [etc.] … cumis to Glasgwe … to the Archibischopis familiaris, to the ministeris, channounis, and religious men puttis a gret feir; Dalr. II 428/11.

16. To put (a person, animal or thing) into (in, to, under) (the) keeping, possession, charge, care, authority or power of someone. Also reflex. and fig. See also Cure n.1 1 b, Fens n. 2, Firmance n., Keping vbl. n., ward, will, etc. Also to put (the person or thing) in another's hand or handis. (1) reflex. Thare he put [R. yhald] him in his will To hang or heid; Wynt. vii 97 (W).
That I suld cum and put me in thi grace; Wall. vi 382.
Mony prince that … Come of fre will and pat thame in ȝour cuir; Stewart 5194.
Pat; Diurn. Occurr. 19.
The earle of Douglas … fell on his kneis and patt him self … in the kingis will; Pitsc. I 50/4.
(2) Almaist all hale the warld put under thair subjectioun; Hay I 169/25.
Thingis that men suld nocht put in misgovernaunce of fule men; Ib. II 31/26.
The saidis sovmes and letter of assedacioun … pwt vnder sickyr keiping to my proffutt; 1486 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 546.
God … puttand in his [man's] awne will and power his reward or punycioun; Irland Mir. II 53/32.
And putt the realme undir subjectioun of Inglismen; Brevis Cronica 335.
The said sowm … beand pout in guid and sekir keping; 1510 Douglas Chart. 193.
He … that puttit his fair wyff in the keping of ane ȝoung knycht tratour; Lindsay MS 69.
Gif he … had putten under his protectioun all these friends … above rehersed; Fowler II 82/21.
(3) Gif I him put to foster and nurice [etc.]; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 175.
Domyciane … causit Iulius Frontyne be brocht to Italie, and put to exquisite diligence of medicinaris; Boece 143.
Bot ȝe him put to vther nurisching; Rolland Seven S. 140.
Beatrix … patt ane barn of hiris … in foster; 1586 St. A. Kirk S. 578.
(4) Ane haly heremyt … Saw the sawle off this tyrand Pwt in this pape Jhonys hand; Wynt. v 4660.
That all … hys land In till ane othir mannys hand Had pwt; Ib. vii 2377.
The quhilkis thai arreste and puttis in the hand of justice; Hay I 207/8.
Consail Wys Man 314.
(5) Thare was … King Johan … fayn to put him in the handis of the pape; Hay I 219/17.
The saidis prouest [etc.] … sall put and delyuer thame in the handis of the justice; 1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II 200.
Pitsc. I 264/16.
(6) fig. Since the cause is put in his hand [etc.]; M. Bruce Lectures 54 (Jam.).

b. To place (a person) in the care of (to) (another). Ethoid … saire woundit he put to the lechis to heill; Abell 36b.

c. To bring (a person) before (a court). See Putting vbl. n. 1 (9).

17. To put by: To put away from or out of, to divert or remove from; to put above or beyond. To put (one) by dyatt, to delay beyond the appointed time, to ‘hold up’: see Dyet n.2 3 d. Put (p.p.) by hand, by one's hand, put past, disposed of, finished. (1) That he be nocht lychtly put by his purpose; Hay II 48/13.
This Edwardis sone … wes … far put by The heretage; Stewart 40812.
That thai ar put by thair rowme and ordour vsit obefor; 1554 Mill Mediæv. Plays 130.
That is the neirest way To putt hir by hir witt; Dum Wyf 72.
We se na apperance of his cuming bot is partlie frustrat and put by our purpois, for lak of … support; 1567 Reg. Privy C. in Robertson Concilia Sc. I clxxi.
And his cardinallis had put him by his intandement; Pitsc. I 250/1.
(2) I desire Patrick to give Christ his young love … and to put it by all others; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 227.
(3) This piece of cros … will nocht trubil you, nor put you mukle by dyatt; 1600 Bruces & Cumyns 615.
(4) Ye eat and drink, but time standeth not still; … ye sleep, but your hours are reckoned and put by hand; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 375.
They must have such or such a business put by their hand first; Durham Blessedness Death (1713) 58.

18. To expel, exclude, dismiss, send away or banish (a person, also an animal) from (fra (from) also of, furth of or out of) a place, society or office, also one's life. (1) pres. Gyf [etc.] … he aw to put hym owte of the schyp; Ship Laws c. 15 (B).
All gude Cristyn man suld put of the company of gude Cristin folk … all herytikis [etc.]; Hay I 247/29.
He … that mycht nocht put owt of his awne land the Saxonis; Asl. MS I 192/1.
Seven S. 1606 (see 13 above).
We cursis wariis and fra sacrament of Haly Kirk vtlye puttys [etc.]; ?c 1500 Rathen Manual 27/1.
Great court hors puttis me fra the staw; Dunb. lxi 33.
In all directionis to put the king out of his estait, his realme and at lenth out of this erdlie lyff; Buch. Wr. 53.
He wald put na ma out of his companie; Pitsc. I 171/15.
Fowler II 112/21.
p.t. The kyng … Put Kyng Peleus … Dispituouslie out of his land; Troy-bk. ii 2601.
And the noble Lowis … put him in sik poynt that he wist nocht quhare to hyde him, and put him forsably out of the land; Hay I 219/16.
Syne quhow the angill … Furth of the joy of paradice putt clein Adame and Eve; Dunb. lxxvii 30.
Alexander Ogillvie … wsurpit the baillȝerie to him self and pat this Alexander [Lyndsay] fre the samin; Pitsc. I 54/18.
p.p. And specialy cursit men heretikis & put fra the kyrke … to restreygne; 1398–9 Acts I 211/1.
Acastrus prevaly Has put Peleus so queyntly Frome his cuntre that [etc.]; Troy-bk. ii 2408.
Scho gert that cunnand clerk, for-thi, Off Constantynopyllys cyte … Be put owte and banysyde qwyte; Wynt. v 4051.
Ib. i 120, viii 1876.
He sal be … put out of the sayd seruis; 1462 Peebles B. Rec. I 145.
For hie man bie … put out of this cuntrie, or ellis [etc.]; 1587 Waus Corr. 395.
Nor that your maiestie suld put him ut of his forbears rank; c 1593 Misc. Spald. C. I 5.
Lat him be debarit and put fra that office; Dalr. II 398/18.
She wes … put of the toun as ane vnfamous person; 1623 Rec. Old Aberd. II 2.
The said Catrine Miller had ane sone keiping Johne Broune his … guidis, and the boy was put from the guidis; 1633 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 155.
That the said Williame Rose shall … be … put off this kingdome of Scotland; 1642 Fam. Rose 332.
1661 Elgin Rec. II 299.
(2) The worthi Scottis … putt thair hors thaim fra; Wall. iii 101.

b. spec. To expel (a person) from (fra, also furth of or out of) his lands or tenancy; to dispossess. Also c. To put (land) fra (an heir), to alienate it from him. b. In na maner may he … the byar put out of that land; Burgh Laws c. 96 (A).
Gif … the tothir had evill and falsly put him furth of his possessioun; Hay I 263/29.
But … process, I am put fra my saidis landis; 1460 Swintons App. xliii.
[To] pay hir the malis … of the saide landis of all tyme sen he put hir furthe of thaim; 1466 Acta Aud. 5/1.
A symple inquest past vppone the said landis to put the said Donald fra his possessioun; 1471 Ib. 18/1.
To put him fra his tak and gar him thig; Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 2741.
He wes maisterfully put out of the tak of … the landis; 1494 Acta Conc. I 322/1.
Dunb. xiii 33.
Johne Blak sall remayn in the land aye & quhill he be lachtfully put fra it; 1514 Prestwick B. Rec. 45.
For the said law put the faderis fra the public landis quhilkis thai wrangwislie possedit; Bell. Livy II 123/3.
c. That na man may put his hede land fra his ayre; Bute MS fol. 153b.

d. reflex. To put (oneself) of (one's) (clething), to take off one's clothes. He put him sone of his awne clething And cled hime in-to sempile weid; Troy-bk. ii 2512.

19. To put (out) of or from, in various fig. or non-material senses. a. To exclude from. On sic men the feynd has power That puttis Gode out of thare thocht; 14.. Edinb. Univ. MS La. ii 318.
Mercie is never put out of meik intent; Dunb. (O.U.P.) xii 40.

b. To delete, expunge or erase from. Al is forȝet … and put out of manis mynd; Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 117.
Quharfor I was put out of hir byll of hushald; Myll Spect. 297/12.
[They] put the Romane ansenye … out of the wallis thairof, and ingravit the armis of King Arthoure; Bell. Boece II 378.
To delite and put out of the bukis of consale … the act of the said Walteris cuming; 1542 Acts II 414/1.
Of thingis consawit quhan I was hynde Bein … put from my mynde; Pitsc. I 4/16.

c. To remove or withdraw (a legal action) from (of) a particular court. For his rebelling agane the hale communite puttand the accioun of thar curt of the communite … and degradand the hale communite of thar fredome in that thing; 1475 Prestwick B. Rec. 26.

d. passive. Of troops: To be furnished or ‘found’ by (a person or district). Cf. 49 o. As to the number of horse to be putt out of the said shyre the heretors who were the greatest fractiones should be leaders and outputters of the said horse; 1671 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III 390.
For ane troupar quhilk should have bein put out of the parish of Southweik and Colven; 1672 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 142.

20. a. To put of, fra or furth of (a state or condition), to cut off or exclude from, to set free or liberate from. To put of dawis, of this world, to deprive of life, put to death. To put out of use. (1) This howlat … Put first fro poverte to pryce; Howlat 951 (A).
Sa that thai put him of dawis; Hay I 41/7.
Will ȝe ding whingaris in me, and put me of this world? 1571 Bann. Memor. 67.
(2) That his maiestie sall grant na remissiounis to sic persounis nor suffer thame to be deliuerit nor put fra justice; 1487 Acts II 176/1.
Now help to put my hart fra heuines; Rolland Ct. Venus ii 791.
To put the realme furth of sic ieopardie; Id. Seven S. 525.
I am quite put furth of ȝour credence; Ib. 4880.
(3) Aboleo … ,extra consuetudinem duco, to abolische and put out of vse; Despauter (1579) 125.

b. To put (a person or thing) fra (frae) (doing something), to prevent from. Sene thai ware put fra the vsinge of our auctorite, that misgidit the samin; 1533 Acts Sederunt i 14.
Now here he is put from making satisfaction; Binning Wks. 609.
The … doors sufficiently neidnailled and put fra opening; 1669 Glasgow B. Rec. III 119.
Swearing be horrible oathes to put me frae working of a darke of work; 1678 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 264.

c. To convert (a person) from (af) an opinion. With great paine we pat them afe that opinion; 1586–7 Rait & Cameron King James's Secret 169.

21. To bring (a person, or a material or non-material thing) into (in, also into, at, of, on) some state or condition. For further instances, see Aventure n. 2 b, Beleve n. 2, Brangil n. 2, Danger(e n. 3 (b), Flocht n. 1, Hasard n., Jeopardy n., Memory n. 2, Order n. 18 a, Peril(l n., Pes(e n.1 3 a (4), Point n.1 5 d, 7 and 9, etc. (1) pres. For swa slepand best we may Put tham in sa hard assay That [etc.]; Wynt. iv 784.
And for to put the pepill so in dreid Gart set this writ to euery man; Bk. Chess 1948.
Lord Ochiltree … commanded … his servandis to putt thame selfis in ordour; Knox II 320.
Scott vi 13 (see Compare n.2).
To putte herself … in hazart; 1601 Elphinstone Mun. 31.
This puttis me in remembrance of a taill that [etc.]; Melville Mem. 202.
1630 Misc. Hist. Soc. II 258 (see Commoun n. 8 b).
Till it please God to put him into that capacitie quhairby he may enter frieman thair; 1675 Edinb. Surgeons II 125.
p.t. (a) The ballȝeis putt the caws in delay … till the law dayis eftir Michelmes; 1444 Aberd. B. Rec. I 399.
(b) My said lord … pat me in hoip that I suld be put to fredome; 1547 Corr. M. Lorraine 191.
Lynd. Mon. 1326.
For Jehu wes ane king befoir he pat onie thing in executioun; Knox II 446.
Pitsc. I 406/34 (see Dispare n.).
The sessioun pat the bailȝeis in rememberance [etc.]; 1630 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 3 Nov.
And pat him & his tennents in a great fright; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 412.
p.p. (a) That yhour richt be na mare putte in questioun; 1390 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 19.
Articlys … sal be putte in act with [etc.]; 1398 Acts I 211/1.
Demephone and King Aganas … That frome thar handes in exile War put; Troy-bk. ii 2179.
Yhoure creature That has yhow put in that honure; Wynt. v 3936.
He sal be convikkyt … & put in al the skath that hys aduersare may set agayne hym; Burgh Laws c. 99 (B).
Thair is nothing moir gudlie to avance Na auld storeis put in rememberance; Stewart 121.
Like as the said pretended dimissioun … had never beene devised, putt in ure; 1571 Calderwood III 95.
All that uill do for thame are to be putt in uarning be thaime; 1596 James VI Facs. Nat. MSS III lxxiii.
Oure leigeis ar put in ane grete vncertantie quhair the said marcatt is keept; 1614 Fraser P. 116.
Sua that the saidis lymmaris ar putt in hoip of impunitie; 1616 Reg. Privy C. X 556.
The minister being put in hope of the obedience of Wm. Will [etc.]; 1623 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 144b (12 Jan.).
The great … debt which Mr. Gillespie's gloriositie … has put our poor house into; 1661 Baillie III 4571.
The commemoratione of the wonderfull mercie of God … is putt in oblivione by disregarding [etc.]; 1673 Moray Synod 157.
(b) The … oncumming of the Suisser armye had suddenlye … also putten in flight the Frenshemen; Fowler II 103/3.
The said lord asked the dome of the last courte that wes puttin in respleit (id est continuation) to this courte; Bisset I 308/17.
(2) The said Jhon … sal put the said Henrie in the fee of his landis [etc.] … lykeas the said Henry … sal [etc.]; 1494 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 353.
To se the kirk and ministeris presentlie put in possessioun of … the saidis … glebis; 1569 Reg. Privy C. II 7.
Be that indirect way to have putt himselff in possessioun of the said teind; 1587 Aberd. Council Lett. I 7.
(3) Gret bataylys than dyde he To pwt in fredwme hys cuntré; Wynt. vi 564.
The duk has tane his contree, and put it in subjectioun; Hay I 143/30.
That … the realme may be put in peace; 1592 Acts III 575/2.
Like to put all Ross in a combustion; Fraser Polichron. 230.
(b) I haue thocht … to pout my hous in ordour; 1644 11th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. vi 55.
(4) Dangerous in pwtting the houssis … in fyr; 1612 Glasgow B. Rec. I 333.
(5) To put it in mair plesand ryme; 1573 Davidson Sat. P. xlii 1001.

b. reflex. To put or set oneself into (in) a situation or posture. Quhen the peple of Tharent … put thame in the contrair of Rome; Hay I 47/21.

22. To bring or subject (a person, also a thing) to some condition or process, to cause to undergo.

a. Where the condition or process is unfavourable or undesirable. For further instances, see *Begardy, Beggartie n., Beggrie n., Confusioun n. 1 b, Cummer n.1 1 (b), Dede n.2 3, Expens n. 2 (2), Mischef(e n. 1 (3), Pine n.1 1, etc. To put to the horn, see Horn n.1 2 c. To put to silence, to cause to be silent, to silence. (1) pres. Me had leuer … To all perellis put my body Than [etc.]; Alex. i 3167.
For oft tymes the starkare … puttis the waykar to the wer; Hay I 257/7.
That he with poysoun had put him to deid; Stewart 51871.
That ȝe … denownce the dissobeyaris and powt them to our horne; 1605 Stewart Mem. 115.
Commanding immediatly efter the presenting thairof to putt me to exsecutione butt farther proses; 1615 Denmylne MSS in
Highland P. III 223.
Michaell Cadger being callit compeirit not quhilk puttis the actioun … to delay; 1627 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 23 May.
To put you to the tenterhooks if need were; 1658 R. Moray Lett. fol. 327.
Quhatever men shall put us to … we may … beare it; 1680 Soc. Ant. XLV 248.
p.t. (a) The manyfald and greitt laubouris I putt you vnto; 1566 Waus Corr. 37.
(b) Efter the Iowis pat hime to deid; Gau 46/18.
The Romans armye … pat it [the town] to sac; Compl. 114/23.
The Spaynyeard … pat many to the aidge of the suorde; Moysie 126.
p.p. The Erle off the Leuenax wes away, And wes put to full hard assay; Barb. ii 486.
Troyes oost to haue venquest bene And put to such tynsale and tene; Troy-bk. ii 1278 (C).
Putt; Stewart Maitl. F. cxxviii 84.
Bot quho that eitis flesche in to lent Ar terriblye put to torment; Lynd. Mon. 4652.
Ib. 1924.
Outher thai wer with feir put to silence, or [etc.]; Buch. Detect. (1727) 82.
In case he suld have put thame to ane grittar intendment; 1576 Orkney Oppress. 47.
And thairefter … thay are to be pute to the torture; 1614 Crim. Trials III 267.
(2) Landis … That he put to swylk thrillage; Barb. i 101.
And the said office wes put to richt gret ruyne and amast to rycht nocht; Loutfut MS 6b.
Throw quhilk the realme was put to gret mischeif; Bell. Boece II 101.

b. To bring to an improved or desirable condition. For further instances, see Fredom(e n. 3, Liberte(e n. 1 b, Point n.1 9 a, Prof(f)it n. 5 e (3), etc. To put to (ane) ese, see Es(e n. 1 e. (1) That puttis thame to sic louing, And syne to ioy and solasing; Alex. ii 7224.
May nowthir power nor pith put him to prise; Gol. & Gaw. 1224.
That put it [Carthage] anis to gret price and honour; Irland Mir. I 10/24.
That I sall be Put to sic worschip in ȝour dayis … That [etc.]; Seven S. 2583.
And puit part of wder bysines I haif adw to rest; 1549 Corr. M. Lorraine 302.
Sr Chrystell … reskewit the said King Robert, and pat him to libertie; Maitland Ho. Seytoun 19.
[I shall] Ȝour sone mak haill and put him weill to eis; Rolland Seven S. 5609.
Let put ȝour minde to rest; Ib. 7647.
To the support of sa mony of … my oyis sisterris and dochterris as beis vnmaryit and put to proffeitt; 1581 5th Rep. Hist. MSS App. viii 29.
(2) And the cuntre put at rest; Buch. Wr. 23.

c. Where the condition or process is a legal one: see also Assise n. 1, Intend(e)ment n. 2 and Knawlag(e n. 4 b (4). To put (a matter) to (till) a point, see Point n.1 9 b. A burges may … put him to the atht that nytis him his dett; Burgh Laws c. 21 (A).
And thairfore the justice-depute patt him to the tryell of ane assyis of the persounes vnder written; 1596–7 Crim. Trials II 16.

d. With reference to other processes. Also to be put to the (printing) press. Octauyane … By quham … The hail warld put was to discriptioun; Doug. ix Prol. 60.
[In August 1611 Thomas Finlason was employed to print] the haill Actis of Parliament whilkis as yitt hes not bene putt to the presse; 1611 Edinb. Biblio. Soc. Publ. I (1893–4) 3.

e. To put to (also at) nocht, to bring to nothing, to obliterate, destroy. See also Nocht n. 2 b for examples. Thai war destroyit tane and put to nocht And slane; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2844.
All thyng, on erth … Weir doith distroye, and puttis at nocht; Lynd. Mon. 1902.

23. To put forth, apply (a thing, non-material or material) to (also in, upon) some use or purpose. Also without adverbial complement, and fig. For further instances, see Prof(f)it n. 5 e (1) and (2). (1) To mak solempne sacrifice Whar-to they put alway thar peyn; Troy-bk. ii 417 (C).
That thai … has … labourit thai landis, and put to prouffit in … leautee; Hay I 80/20.
Puttand all laubour and deligence to his … seruice; Irland Mir. I 8/5.
That the said profit be putt to the utilite of the said … barne; 1545 (1546) Inverness Stat. in
Reg. Great S. 758/1.
To help to ordour all thingis and puit your mynd to effet; 1549 Corr. M. Lorraine 301.
1637 (see Putting vbl. n. 1 (11)).
(2) Waurldly men … that puttis all thar deligence and laubour in waurldlines; Irland Mir. II 52/27.
To Robert Sclater for jm slatis put be him in the reparatioun of the kingis palice; 1515 Treas. Acc. V 15.
Fra tyme ȝe stank in to the bank And drypoynt puttis in play; Balnaves Bann. MS 138b/22.
(3) That any face or cullour sould be pute vpone the coosening or abstracting frome … ws any pairt of our jowellis [etc.]; 1608 Crim. Trials II 556.
(4) Sum persounis … put nocht thar laubour and diligence to kep … thame fra syn; Irland Mir. I 52/3.
(5) Bot he put help the bridall wald be done; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2104.

b. To put to (also in) executioun: see, also for further examples, Executioun n. 2 b, 3. To put the said decrett … to executioune; 1489–90 Acta Aud. 134/2.
Lynd. Test. Meldrum 18.
1574 Conv. Burghs I 32.
And ther sentences to be putt civillie in executioun be [etc.]; 1630 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. III 650.
Gif … the maisterat put not this act to executioun to be fynit; ?1641 Irvine Mun. II 51.

c. To put in (also, to) werk. (1) [Timber] now reddie to be put in werk; 1566 Reg. Privy C. I 446.
That thay sall sell na wool nor worsett befoir the same be put in wark; 1587 Acts III 508/2.
Ane new lay … nocht put in werk; 1587 St. A. Test. II 77b.
(2) A pair of litle barrowes with sex staffis [etc.] … wes never put to work; 1645 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 47.

d. To convert (a possession) into (in) (cash), by selling it; to realise as (cash). As to my buikis … that they be put in numerat money and employit to the weill and use of my said wyf and bairnis; 1610 Logie Par. Hist. I 66.
That all my noalt sheepp [etc.] … sould be sold and putten in ane pecuniall sown; 1667 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 23 Dec.

24. a. To set (a person) to (also out to) work or activity of some kind, or to do something. To put to (the) flycht, see Flicht n.2 (3). (1) To put and hald xxiiii werkmen … to lawbour in the mynd; 1515–16 Reg. Privy S. I 417/1.
All publict imployment quhairupone they being put to wark [etc.]; 1617 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 170.
p.t. That David Hay, sklaiter, pointit nocht his houses sufficiently, but pat twa or three lads to the lawbour whilk left them waur nor [etc.]; ?1521–2 Old Dundee II 341.
Scho … pat to wark mony one man; Lynd. Mon. 2892.
Which put me out to restless endeavours to come out of this; 1675 J. Fraser in Sel. Biog. II 246.
(2) Therafter I went into the mosse, and putt our folks to cast peets; 1659 A. Hay Diary 41.
O! that I wer in a holie pusle putt to say, What shall I render unto the Lord; 1664 Carstairs Lett. 148.

b. reflex. To set or apply oneself to do something or to (til) some activity. How that worship in the worthy … puttis thame to purches pris! Alex. ii 6249.
For quhen he is persewit with the huntar and the hundis, he fleis nocht … bot sittis in the feild … & puttis him til al defens; Loutfut MS 15b.

c. passive To be set or charged or habituated to do something. Send furth a man, thar horsis put to kep; Wall. ix 1201.
The subjects of Christs Kingdom here, are more put to exercise patience than to reign; Durham Comm. Rev. 26.

d. To oblige to have recourse to. I am put to ane new ordour of redemptioun; 1615 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 259.
They [might be] put to the secund instance to seik redres; 1620 Aberd. Council Lett. I 182.

e. To put (a person) to his word or promise, ? to take him at his word, to rely upon it. Put him to his word … ye that have covenanted with him; 1677–8 Welsh Forty-eight Serm. 543.
Our Lord … hath promised this, and ye may put him to his promise; 1678 Ib. 542.

25. To put (a person) to (the) school, college or lare (= learning) or other educational activities, or to a teacher. For further examples see Lare n. 1 b (3) and S(c)hule n. (1) I wald he war put to the lair; Rolland Seven S. 259.
I desired to be put to a lettering; 1691 Haigs of Bemersyde 326.
(2) To put him to ane craft; 1564 Stirling B. Rec. I 81.
Being nou in ane conditione for ane trade shoe was not able to put him therto; 1683 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 10 May.
(3) Whidder they put ther bairnes to the school or not; 1595 J. M. Beale Fife Schools 120.
We will not put God to the schole; Carmichael Prov. No. 1678.
The elders to tak notice of any poor children … and cause put them to school; 1691 J.M. Beale Fife Schools 192.
(4) His father … put him to the college; a 1699 Sel. Biog. I 2.

26. To place or repose (one's trust or the like, or one's pleasure) in (into) (a person or thing). pres. Puttand thar will, thar plesaunce, thar hope and confidence in him; Irland Mir. I 7/33.
Thay quhilk … pwtis noth al thair traist and hop in hime; Gau 12/26.
Puttand his plesour into euerie huir; Stewart 30209.
Puttand thair hope and thair delyte In warkis; G. Ball. 173.
1567 Sat. P. iv 7.
(b) How the Scottes pouttes thair trust in Franche men galayis; 1547–8 Cal. Sc. P. I 97.
Powtteng my swir trest in yowr grace hwmain gentyllnis; 1555 Corr. M. Lorraine 404.
(c) As you puit your trust in God Almighty's mercys; 1672 Wemyss Corr. 116.
p.t. Becaus tha pat sick traist in thamme; Nisbet II 122 marg.
Quhat surenes fand the bischopis halynes, Into Dumbartane quhair he pat his creid? 1573 Davidson Sat. P. xl 31.

b. ? intr. or absol. To repose trust in, to give trust to, to trust. Thay war content and put in his gentrice … And leit him in with all his cumpany; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2811.

c. To entrust (one's life) to (in) another. Gud schir may thow se That but dispaire I put my lyf in thé; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2764.

27. To propound or pose (a question, demand, proposition) (to a person). Eftir the dear be informyt of thir temptaciouns, at will be put to hyme [etc.]; Cr. Deyng (S.T.S.) 216.
1669 Conv. Burghs III 620 (see Interrogatouris n. pl.).
I haue put home the question; McWard Serm. 226.

b. I put the cas, I put the hypothetical question, let us suppose (that etc.). Put (the) case, (let us) suppose (that etc.). Put case also = even if, even though: cf. the conj. applications of set imper. and suppose imper. As thus, put the cas that the Duk of Savoye haldis landis of the King of France, and of the Emperour of Almayne withall; Hay I 193/8.
I put the cace, I had bene deid or slane, … Thow suld [etc.]; Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 1449.
Or, put case, thy dame deare Hath chosen a new pheare, Thou wouldst despare to see her That so lightlies thee; Craig v 9.
A heart enlarged with the sense of Gods majesty [sc. the preacher's] … will not stand to … proclaim Gods truth … in the audience of the greatest men on the earth, put case they should think themselves cried down … by this meanes; Dickson Psalms III 305.

c. To submit (a matter for decision) (to a judicial body or the like or to judgement). To put to the knawlag(e (of ane assise etc.), see Knawlag(e n. 4 b (4). To put to voices, to put to the vote. (1) That the executioune of oure souuerain lordis lettres was nocht put to thaim in sic wis as [etc.]; 1478 Acta Aud. 60/2.
Dauid … consentit to put it to the said assise; 1478–9 Acta Conc. I 21/1.
Ane convencioune … quhare that mater salbe put in counsall and avisment nocht litill estemit above all utheris; 1528 Douglas Corr. 126.
(2) Lo heir the croun I put in ȝour chos all … I gif ȝow my counsall To cheis ane king with haill consent; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 2435.
(3) The confession read in open parliament and put to voices; Spotsw. Hist. (1677) 150.

d. To put (a matter) to (a person's) aith, to put it to him on oath. The actioun of ony vthir clamar salbe put to the aith of the Inglisman; 1448 Acts I 351/2.
Becaus he has made faithe that he has restorit thaim again it beand put to his athe be the said Robert; 1478 Acta Conc. I 17/1.
It wes put to the aithe of the said William quhether he tuk vp the said malez or nocht and he walde mak na faith therintill; 1490–1 Ib. 186/2.

e. I put no dout or question, I make no doubt. (1) I put na doubt … To se vs shortly in thy place possest; 1570 Sat. P. xxiv 45.
This I put no question to do and keep; 1675 J. Fraser in Sel. Biog. II 148.
(2) I put no doubt bot ȝe wald do Ȝour pouer me to saive; Montg. Misc. P. xxxvi 28.

28. To place or impose (a charge, imposition, prohibition or penalty) on (upon, to) a person. Also, to put (what is imposed) to (the person's) charge, and to put (the person) to (the charge or imposition). (1) Yhe sulde erar put blame & punicioun to the doarys of the saide trespas … than me; 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 59.
And in all the scathes that his party may put on him; Burgh Laws c.77 (A).
1494 Acta Aud. 202/1 (see Interdictioun n.).
Therfor putand [pr. puttaud] inhibicioune to the lordis to intromitt therwith; 1536 Acts Sederunt 1 30.
The den of gild and merchandis pat inhibitioun to James Cousland … of the vsing of the fredom … of burges; 1548 Perth Guildry MS 257 (11 May).
The prowest … puttis alluterlie inhibitioun to the saidis Johne … that [etc.]; 1561 Inverness Rec. I 65.
Under any paine that the judgies sall putt upoun him; 1653 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. III 61.
(2) And thow baid him keip secreit sic thingis as thow patt to his charge; 1500 Crim. Trials I ii 196.
(3) With siclike charge ȝour grace now putis vs to It passis far our power for to do; Rolland Seven S. 3724.

b. Const. to or upon the thing affected. Wnderstanding that the king … was to put inhibitioun to this marieage; Pitsc. I 48/9.
That ane restraint be put vpone all sortes of wooll; 1641 Acts V 658/1.
That imbargo be put upon all mener of boats in the western ports; 1689 Acts XII 68/1.

29. a. To put (something undesirable) to a person, to impose it on him, subject him to it, make him a victim of it. Grant me that I put falsat to na man; and gif ony be put to me that I tholl pacientlie for thy saik; Remembr. Passion 150.
Eftir that the said Marioun hes fullfillit the pyne put to hir; 1546 Stirling B. Rec. I 43.
To ȝow as me likwise he put defame; Rolland Ct. Venus iii 160.

b. To put (a person) upon (doing something), to require it imperatively of him, to insist on it from him. To put it upon (another), to require of him (to do something). I was putting it upon my master to make out three relations to me; M. Bruce Soul-Confirmation 19.
Whenever he comes, he puts people upon being serious and hearty in inviting him; 1677–8 Welsh Forty-eight Serm. 534.

c. In passive: To be put fast, or to be put (hard, sore) to it, to be hard pressed, to be driven to extremities. (1) Sum of the bishops followers had said … if any sould propone a declinatour they wold be put fast; Rothes Affairs Kirk 59.
(2) It may be you [the nobles] will be putt to it, ye will say, we must ryde in Parliament order, the meanest man must goe formost; Row Cupp of Bon-Accord 3.
The believer in his exercise, may be put hard to it, and brought in sight of apparent perishing of soule and body; Dickson Psalms 1–50 (1653) 87.
That the Son of God should have been put so sore to it as to die for sinners; Welsh Gospel Summonds 16.

d. To put silens to, see Silence n.

e. To confer (honour, a compliment, a favour) upon (a person). Surly it wer the dewty of this natione to put honour upon thos persons wer instrumental therein; 1660 Laing MSS I 310.
He is well worthy of all the respects, that can be put upon him; Durham Clavis Cantici 334.
To considder what is the fittest complement the Councell should putt upon the lord commissioners grace and his dutchess; 1673 Edinb. B. Rec. X 162.
That wee are very sensible of … thair favors put upon us; 1674 Edinb. Surgeons II 118.

30. To impute (a crime or offence) to or till a person; to charge against (again(is). b. To lay blame on, to accuse. c. To lay (the blame for something) on (in) (something). (1) The crime til him put; Reg. Maj. c. 138.
Kennedy Flyt. 405 (see Poiso(u)n n. 1).
This fact and accusatioune aucht nocht to be put to the pannal as ane cryme; 1564 Crim. Trials I i 446.
(2) Thane such trespas ageynes me Frome ony Troyien put shold be; Troy-bk. ii 352 (C).
Agamenone full fellounly Put [L. impingit] ageyne Anthenor in stryve Wher sche shold be; Ib. 1041.
b. The wynis wes nocht loist in there default … as the merchandis puttis on theme; Bisset II 245/5.
c. He pat the wayt [= wite, blame] in me lord my maistiris slanes; 1629 Maxwell Mem. 202.

31. a. To impose (order) on (to) a disorderly state of affairs, or against (aganis) a person. (1) For … at the interpellacioune … and desyring of … ȝour grace to put ordour aganis the said Schir Williame … I soucht all wayis … to apprehend … or sla him; 1528 Douglas Corr. 126.
(2) Desyring your maisterschipis to put ordour heirto; 1567 Inverness Rec. I 157.
Because they wald haue put order to thair misrulle; Pitsc. II 110/1.

b. To bring about, create (suspicion, enmity) between (betwixt) persons. Quhilk pat great suspitioun betuixt the king and many of the people; c 1600 Crim. Trials II 297.
You have putten such ennimity betwixt Mr. Forbes and me; Blakhall Narr. 13.

32. a. To set down, enrol, also to express (information etc.) (in writing etc. or in some specified literary genre). Also ellipt. (1) Tharfor I wald fayne set my will … To put in wryt a suthfast story; Barb. i 13.
The qwilk the maneir thar of war ourlang to put in writing; 1405 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 58.
Prestis of Peblis 252 (see Dyt(e n.1 2).
To put all the names of thame in writt that may bere wappynnys; Bell. Livy I 246/33.
Thy magnitude I will it put in dyte; G. Ball. 115.
It is reported and put in writte, that [etc.]; Dalr. I 68/3.
Onlie fyue of thame pat sum of thair doctrine in wret; Hamilton Facile Tr. 129.
(2) Thy epitaph sall then be putt in prent; Mure Sonnets 1 Ser. xii 5.
(3) The haly writ … is put in this maner of speking and nocht in ryme nore metyre; Irland Mir. I 74/13.
I will no lesingis put in vers; Dunb. xxxii 43.
Bot I … Can not so meitter as thay put in prose; Clar. v 2259.
Heir followis the catechisme put in meter; G. Ball. 7.
(4) Et qui locutus est per prophetas is put to declar that [etc.]; Irland Mir. II 61/22.
Full oft I put the nettill for the rose; Clar. v 2260.
All meid noitt quhowewer it be formit or be put is a brewe; Art of Music 2b.
(5) ellipt. Hes [= as] maistir Hector puttis at lenth; Abell 71a.

b. To render (a text) into (in) another tongue. This letter in Northin of the King of Norway … , put this in Inglis; c 1491 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I 57.
I haif translatit [this book], … puttand all in Yngligis [sic in trscr.] that Lating reportis; Abell 1b.

c. To include or enter (in a writing). (1) That he mycht nocht as now na mare tak on hand as to put in this buke of bataillis; Hay I 303/11.
Thre persons … put thairefter in the said retour; 1482–3 Acta Aud. in
Acta Conc. II cxi.
All thir [articles] ar put in the creid; Irland Mir. II 17/29.
Tha tuke sic cuir sic thingis to considder Syne in ane volume pat thame altogidder Without ordour; Stewart 89.
The baillies … to … tak deligent inquisitioun of euery houshalder [and] … put thair names and nwmer in roll; 1563 Edinb. B. Rec. III 174.
(2) Apprevand the thre eikis on the margane, as thai ar put and scorit; 1554 Montgomery Mem. 151.
(3) Maister Robert Glen to be put burges and gild in the lokkit buik; 1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II 208.

d. To ascribe (expenses) to a person. In tymes to cum the expensis of the chawmerlane sal nocht be in to speciale put nowder to alderman na bailleis; 1466 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXXIII 34.

33. To state, declare, affirm, assert, allege. b. To ‘lay down’. Const. simple obj. or noun clause obj. The errour that puttis fatall disponicioune and necessite in mennis werkis; Irland Mir. I 30/29.
First [is] the errour of the gentiles and paganis … for thai put a multitud of goddis; Ib. II 20/23.
Sabel that put in his herresie a natur of the diuinitie and denyit the trinite of persouns; Ib. 21/24.
Quhen he wes ane hundreth and fifty ȝere has puttis Eusisius he [Adam] generit Seth; Abell 2b.
Sum puttis that sche wes the King of Egiptis dochtir; Ib. 4b.
In the auld cornycul thare is ma [than 150 thousand] put be this wers; Ib. 972a.
James VI Basil. Doron 61/3.
b. The actes of Assembly … puttes cleare marches betuixt civill and ecclesiasticke jurisdictione; J. Gordon Hist. II 124.

c. To utter (words). Pyrrus … ageyne schyr Vlixes Boustous wordes … Put manasand [L. comminatoria verba diffudit] in fele manerese; Troy-bk. ii 1385 (C).

d. To advance as an example or reason. Put in exempill and in similitude [Makc. Puttyng exempill & similitud] How mony men … Ar like to beistis; Henr. Fab. 47 (H).
To that mony doctouris puttis resonis in the 4 buik of the sentence [etc.]; Abell 28b.
Maistir Hector puttis ane [example of abnormal birth] … at hapnit … beȝound the Month; Ib. 43a.

e. Put to, estimated or reckoned at (a certain amount). To the said skippar, for the fraucht of the said coppir, tyne [etc.] … put to tua twne iij pip fraucht; price tun xviij s.; 1512 Treas. Acc. IV 302.

34. To put fair, to create a favourable state of affairs, to bid fair (to bring about a certain result). This deference, … would have put fair to set him up as Bishop of Jerusalem at this time; Forrester Bishops Claim ii 137.

II. In prepositional verbs.

35. To put at. Only Sc.

a. To thrust at with a weapon; to prod; to push. (Cf. sense 1.) He … Pertly put with his pith at his pesane; Gol. & Gaw. 927.
He thrawis and he puttis fast at his vlly pyis; Bann. MS 158b/70.
They put at the cairt that is ay gangand; Ferg. Prov. No. 826.
Now she sleeps, and when put at, will not rise, but shifts; Durham Clavis Cantici 255.

b. To take hostile or legal action against; to assail or attack; to proceed against; to make demands of. Also const. for (also of) (the occasion of the action, the thing sought or demanded, etc.) and absol. (1) And he said, ‘Helyne, he is ane slawe payar, put at hyme [etc.]’; 1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 138.
And in cais that ather of us be putt at be way of deid; 1543 Misc. Spald. C. IV 210.
We … sall not put at thame nor desyre thair malyngis injustlie; 1545 Reg. Paisley App. 6.
It is hevilie menit be the said sheriffis … that thai ar scharplie putt at; 1545 Reg. Privy C. I 19.
1546–7 Corr. M. Lorraine 178.
The autorite to putt at thame baith in thair personis, landis, and gudis, quhill tha cum to obedience; 1547 Reg. Privy C. I 69.
In cais the said comptrollar be scharplie put at in the meyntyme be the quenis majeste; 1564 Exch. R. XIX 529.
Knox I 51, 284.
At this tyme the Douglassis pat sair at the Lord Lyndsay and thocht to haue forfaltit him; Pitsc. I 322/29.
Ib. 385/12, II 120/24.
Our cusinge … is to be put at be his father by all lav ressone; 1578 Black Bk. Taymouth 221.
Quhen I desyrit your L. to pout nocht at me for the Lady Garleis catioun, bot tak it of hir self, your L. wald nocht grant that, bot bad me put at hir for releif; 1582 Waus Corr. 243.
To allow that the ministeris suld be put at, not plainlye bot indirectly and coloratly; Declar. Causis 9.
1583 Reg. Privy C. III 599.
1589 Ib. IV 821.
1595 Cal. Sc. P. XII 47.
That the king haid begoun to put at the kirk, … namlie haid melde with your pastor and … put him in exyll; 1595 Melvill 326.
That the scollaris quha hes tane the grammer schole be not molestit or put at afoir Fridaye nixt; 1596 Elgin Kirk S. in Mill
Mediæv. Plays 239.
Schaik it, let see, off hir foundatioun, and put at it; Rollock Wks. I 371.
Nocht daring put at relligion pleanlie; Melvill 118.
Ib. 288.
Pairtakeris of that tumult … wer straitlie put at, and for non compearance some put to the horne; Moysie 132.
It is greidenes of warldlie geir quhilk causis him to putt at me and my kin, and not the weill of the realme … bot to putt down innosent men; 1604 Crim. Trials II 436.
1606 Marischal Coll. Rec. 106.
Incaice the said Duncane [etc.] … wer put at be his maiesties forces; 1612 Breadalbane Doc. No. 404.
His people is even so sore put at and so taisled with them [the persecutors] … that [etc.]; Welsh Churches Paradox 17.
(2) Volle Ellot said And we var put at for the said hors he suld [etc.]; 1535 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 158.
I and my men is vary scharplie put at for ane stent quhilk [etc.]; 1553–4 Corr. M. Lorraine 370.
That the samyn sowme … salbe furth cumand quhen so evir thai ar put at … or requyrit for the samyn; 1564 Prot. Bk. J. Scott MS 5.
And gif it happynnis ony ane of ws to put at and oure guidis poindit thairfoir [etc.]; 1566 Edinb. Deeds 237.
1567 Reg. Privy C. I 597.
Nevir thinking to have bene put at for payment of his saidis thridis; 1573–4 Ib. II 347.
1581 Ib. III 415.
Gif he puttis at my wyf & hir barnes of ony thing that I haif gevin thame I leue him my maledictioun; 1584 Edinb. Test. XIV 122.
To mak us not to be suspectit nor put at for that murther; 1595 Highland P. I 161.
[They] ar ordanit to be put at be the magistrat for the penaltie of the faill; 1613 Fraserburgh Kirk S. I 19b (15 July).
1613 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 340.
1649 Lamont Diary 5.
If the sinners had been actually put-at for satisfying in their own persons; Durham Comm. Rev. 296.
absol. That na man tak upoun hand to crave or putt at for entrie of the saidis persounis or pament of the saidis ransonis; 1573 Reg. Privy C. II 274.
(b) Becawis he was powt at for ane certane sowme that he was awin; 1602 Dundee Shipping P. 75.

c. fig. To exert pressure on, to influence, to move or rouse mentally, to urge. Thairefter the humoris, puttand sairest at the naturall humiditie of the hart; Skeyne Descr. Pest 4.
Gif the Lord at any time put at your hearts; R. Bruce Serm. 153.
And suppose ye be not put at presently yourselfs, yet quhen ye visit them that are troubled in conscience, let thir things be proponit to them as comforts; Ib. 154.
Conscience puts at him to take some calling … sometimes others may be made use of to put at him; Durham Comm. Rev. 55.

36. To put on or upon (apon). a. To thrust or press against. And the said pendis & brasis puttis & lyis apon thair foirsaid [wall] & hes causit the samyn to fle outwart ane fute & mair; 1538–9 Edinb. D. Guild Ct. (4 March).

b. To give a push or a nudge to. With that dame Coppok putis on hir maike; Fyve Bestes 223.
He sent one who, putting on me, awakened me; Row 436.

c. To urge, press or incite (another) (to some action); to importune. How everie wyfe on vther puttis, Bidding the bischop pay for his guttis; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 477.
Albeit Dunkisone puttit on him to desist thairfra; Hamilton Facile Tr. 114.
Bot I grew red when the capten putted vpon me to tell this taill to the constable; Melville Mem. 21.
It were time for us, by prayer, to put upon our master-pilot, Jesus, and to cry, ‘Master, save us; we perish’; 1630 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 48.
And put not upon Him when he sleeps, to awake Him before He please; Ib. 56.
Shee, hearing the voice, did put upon her husband to waken; 1662 Highland P. III 21.

37. a. To put to, to lean against, abut on. Gif it sall happen the town to raise ony new wark upon the pend that putts to the said gavel; 1588 Old Dundee I 216.

b. ? To put through or over (a fault etc. in a coal-mine): see Putting vbl. n. 4.

III. With adverbs, forming phrasal verbs. In various above senses. tr.

38. To put abak, bak: To force to go back; to thrust or drive back, repulse, also fig.; to exclude; to refuse to accept or believe, to reject (a request or assertion); to send to a lower class, demote. (1) Quhan gude Emynedus … Had rushit and put abak halely … Tha Turkis; Alex. i 1663.
Ib. ii 1348.
So, throw Goddis help, we gart thame fail of thare perverst purpois and put thame abak; 1526 Douglas Corr. 113.
Bell. Livy II 163/24.
The Inglismen passand to burne Drumlanrik, the thevis tuke pairt with the Scottis, and pat thame abake; Diurn. Occurr. 46.
Ib. 34.
fig. Quhome fra the defence of the fayth … na violence repellit nor put abak, nocht manassing, nor plesand flattrie; Winȝet II 23/17.
(b) That noble brand, … It was never won by no strength, Nor yet put back by its own length; Sir Eger 840.
Quhairby, the quene wes putt bak be storme; 1591 Crim. Trials I ii 254.
Quhen the Romanis now war vanquishet and put bak; Dalr. I 170/26.
(2) This your requeist we dar not put back; 1563 Ferg. Answer in
Tracts 44.
Albeit a man … could tell his lies with a brazen face … and will not blush though all the world should put him back again [etc.]; Henderson Serm. 315.
(3) [The scholars] except thai be … fund … unhable to hald fute with thair marrowes, sall nocht be put bak; 1598 Edinb. B. Rec. V 234.
(4) Scho suld … erare lawar place to tak Na fra hir place be put abak; Thewis Gud Women 48.

b. To set back, impair, harm. For evir the proffit of the communite Is put abak quhen sic men hes the cure; Regim. Princ. 76 (Maitl.).

39. To put agane, = prec. sense; also, to replace. (1) And how at thai war put agane And part of thair gud men wes slane; Barb. xii 355 (C).
The king has gert his archeris then Schute for till put thaim than agayne; Ib. xvi 147.
Ib. xvii 396.
Bot thare price … Gart thame endure trauale and pane To put thair fais strength agane; Alex. i 1480.
That thai ware rudly put agayne; Wynt. viii 5369.
(2) That he suld put agayne the suerd in the scalburde; Hay I 110/17.

40. To put at under. a. To put at a disadvantage, to discomfit, overthrow. b. To cast down, demolish. fig. For he put was at wndre swa That he wes left all him allane; Barb. vii 372 (E).
I sall nocht … se thame thryse Discomfit clein my men and put at vnder; K. Hart 214.
Thruche lawis consistoriall … The commoun pepill ar put at vnder; Lynd. Sat. 2667 (B).
b. With sic strenth of reasone as thou gude reader sall think sufficient to put at vnder the euill foundet fortres my aduersar hes builded aganis the veritie; 1573 Tyrie in Cath. Tr. 3/16.

41. To put away. a. To put (a material thing) aside, put or lay by. That lettyr away than pwte he qwyte; And sone ane othir than couth he wryte; Wynt. vi 1288.
Ane drink cloth, that day losset and put away; 1629–30 Misc. Spald. C. V 103.
Which wreits … war left be him with the said Margaret his spous or at least war pute away be hir; 1665 Rothesay B. Rec. 99.

b. To do away with, clear away, erase, remove. At the cors of Paslays side of the dike … be adnullit and put away; 1488 Paisley B. Rec. 27.
Thai put awaye the armys of Iulius Cesar, and ingravitt the armys of King Arthure; Bell. Boece (M) II 262.
To put away the rede of the kirkyard bray; 1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II 355.
For calk to put the paynted schippis away that was paynted in the kirk be ydill boyes; 1576 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 50a.
Shoe neither had hes or fraudulentlie put away any wryttis which [etc.]; 1675 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 20 Oct.

c. ? To ‘put down’, kill. = 44 f, 49 k. Swa gert he … Be slayne to dede and pwte awaye The Denmarkys, that tyme that he fand [etc.]; Wynt. vi 1558.

d. To send away, banish, expel, dismiss, get rid of (a person or animal). With his rigour the plesand air Puttand away frome all brichtnes; Troy-bk. ii 1659.
Dauid Brus … expulsit & put awaye the said Eduard & his; Asl. MS I 267/20.
Makbeith … usurpit the crown, and putt away the richtious airis out of the land; Brevis Cronica 331.
And put away Neilsoun and Savage cartaris to giddir with ane cart and thre hors; 1531 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 63.
And we haf caussit hem to send for uderis sa mony as plissis hem, and pout tham away; 1548–9 Corr. M. Lorraine 292.
Put hir away and mell with hir na mair; Maitland Maitl. F. c 43.
The master may not put away ony of his marineris bot gif he pay to thame thair half hyre; Balfour Pract. 617.
He wald nocht put away his hure noe mor nor the bischope of Sanctandrois wald put his away; Pitsc. II 141/12, 13.
He repudiat and pat hir away frome his societie and cumpany; 1578–9 Reg. Privy C. III 68.
Quhene sche putt him [the Devil] away, sche chargeit him to depart on the law he lewis one; 1590–1 Crim. Trials I ii 235.
Becaus that he did put away the boy frome the ky scho said that [etc.]; 1633 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 547.
Inhabitants that hath any swyne … to put the samyn away [before 3 Dec.]; 1679 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 29 Nov.

e. To dispel, abolish, put an end to (a state, condition, activity, etc.). Petyre … fore Faustyniane cane pray, & his dyffourmyng put away; Leg. S. xxi 580.
Away to be put holely The faculte of hys commyng To Troye and away goyng; Troy-bk. ii 1472 (C).
All schame and nobilnes put away; Ib. 2743.
That na kyn clowde puttys lycht a-waye; Wynt. i 962.
That he put away, condampnit and reprovit all the fals heresyes and heretykis; Hay I 17/26.
Irland Mir. I 39/36.
Incontinent it puttis away all thi synnis; Id. Asl. MS 60/13.
Hereces … will nocht be suppressit & putt avay wythout vniuersiteis; c 1545 St. A. Univ. Rec. xxi.
Preistis, wirschip God, And put away ȝour imagerie; G. Ball. 197.
Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. iii 264.
God send iustice … And put away … oppressioun; Maitland Maitl. F. xviii 58.
[An Act] to discharge, remove, and put away all fairis & marcattis haldin on Sundayis; 1593 Jervise Memor. Angus & Mearns I 64.
Dalr. II 465/14.

f. To make an end of, renounce or lay aside (something non-material); also, to cancel, withdraw (an enactment). That he in sorow led his lyf, … Putand a-way purpure & chare; Leg. S. xxiii 192.
To … put a-way sa mystrouth al [etc.]; Ib. xl 215.
I will him pray That he ȝour lufe wald put away; Alex. ii 3746.
Al fraud gyle exceptioun and evil ingyn pwt away; 1486 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 546.
The said … Janat rentallit afore quhilk we haue pwt away because [etc.]; 1525 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. I 85.

g. To alienate (property) (from (fra) one's heir, or to another); to dispose of or part with. Of lande of conquest to put away [L. De alienacione terre de conquestu]; Acts I 24/2.
Na man may put away his chefe bigging fra his ayre; Ib. 42/2.
That he sal nocht analy, vedset, or put away the castell [etc.] … fra his sone; 1480 Douglas Chart. 112.
Geiff sa beis he put awaye this hous ony manner of waye within the termes of the said takis [etc.]; 1513 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 25.
The said Jhone suld nowther dispone sell nor put away nane of his gudis … unto the tyme [etc.]; 1534 Carnwath Baron Ct. (S.H.S.) 178.
Quhair as your commoun landis … is analit and put away be ane till help ane wther; 1552 Edinb. B. Rec. II 172.
Maitland Maitl. F. xxi 54.
To sell … and put away his landis, heretagis [etc.]; 1574–5 Exch. R. XX 467.
In cais I … dispoune, annalie, or put away the said towne and landis off Culquhoch or my kyndnes thairoff to onay persoun; 1587 Grant Chart. 166.

h. To spend or use up (funds etc.) wastefully. That his said dochteris gudis & geir be nocht delapidat, put away, & waistit; 1580 Edinb. Test. VIII 309b.
Thay gif him na commeseione to wayst or powt away the monnay of hir thair; 1604 Dundee Shipping P. 79.

42. To put before, to put first, to prefer. For nature … ay puttis resoun before; Hay I 7/1.

43. To put by. a. To put aside. The Bishop … putt by the hanging, and wavit with his hand to come in; 1619 Misc. Bann. C. I 201.

b. To turn away, set aside, reject; to desist from. That the said Quene Johanne mycht nocht put by the lyne of the successioun fra the rycht airis; Hay I 252/33.
That thre persons being in the said retour war suspectit and put by and put thairefter in the said retour nocht sworn thairto; 1482–3 Acta Conc. II cxi.
Cum on thairfoir annone, All sircumstance put by and excusationis; Dunb. xxx 30.
That ye weyll tayk sylver to put by my matrys; 15.. James V in Misc. Spald. C. II 193.
To dispossesse, to put by or disherite; ? Fowler in James VI Basil. Doron (S.T.S.) II 309.
That holy duties … be … not put-by thus and so; Durham Clavis Cantici 380.
The king … calles for him to court, but he being come, was put by; J. Gordon Hist. I 96.

c. To lay by (for the future); to store or stow away. Lok vp all in to ȝone almery, Baith meit and drink, with wyne & aill put by; Freiris Berw. 218 (B).
The said George … to put by twa hundreth merkis to marie the said Bessy; 1576 Edinb. Test. IV 189.
My lord's close … put bye in the inner wardrupe; 1692 Inchmahome Pr. 158.

d. To turn aside, ward off, avert, evade (an affliction of any kind); to divert (suspicion). He lete nowcht slay thame in Ingland, For till eschewe … blame; And be colowre to pwt by schame; Wynt. vi 1792.
The trake of deth ne cowth he not put by; Doug. ix vi 46.
To put by al suspitione or ony way to lat wit that he was to begyle; Dalr. II 454/18.
If they get such a sickness put by … they think that Christ will bide a while longer; Durham Blessedness Death (1713) 59.

e. To while away (time); to put off, postpone (an appointed time). Cf. 47 e, f. Spice they had, and noble wine, … And thus they put the night near by; Sir Eger 355.
Quhairby that thay suld all be saif togidder; … Seuin dayis put by, him self to find remeid; Rolland Seven S. 867.
It is gude to put by an euill hour, … Or ane innocent be forlorne; Ib. 1384.

44. To put doun. a. To set or lift down, in the lit. sense. To v werkmen … makand red and puttand doun vall stanis and fre tailye for the hurlis; 1529 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 22.

b. To cast down, overthrow or demolish. Quhen at the myrrour was sa put dovne Thai maid gret mayne; Seven S. 1812.
The vter wallis win war and put doun; Stewart 44075.
I nill repeit na policeis put doun; 1573 Sempill Sat. P. xxxix 17.

c. To depose, demote or degrade (a person) (out of a throne, from a position). When no adverbial complement follows, in ambiguity with d, e and f below. The auchtande Bennet … Out of that seige was put done [E. put and downe, R. pwtand downe: rh. rowme]; Wynt. vi 1097 (C).
Quha wait how sone ane lord of grit renoun … May be ouerthrawin destroyit and put doun; Henr. Fab. (OUP) 1603.
For fals tailis to put ane trew man doun; Id. Hasty Credence 18.
Ȝour sagis wald put ȝow dovn And ȝour son … Thai will mak king in to ȝour steid; Seven S. 2229.
Mony … wikit princis hes bene amang us, and ay put down; Bell. Boece I 201.
Than … put down this abbet and get ane at will [etc.]; Abell 113b.
He puttis downe the michtie From thair hie estait; G. Ball. 143.

d. To lower in estimation, discredit, devalue. Also in ambiguity with f. And thairby is the noble office dymynit and put doune & gentilnes … litill prisit; Loutfut MS 8b.
And fals witnes spak fast, to put him doun; Remembr. Passion 626.

e. To overthrow, suppress, crush (a person); to overcome, defeat. Two rokis maye a king allone put dovne; Bk. Chess 2160.
Ye have put down your noisum ennime, with al his army; Bell. Boece I 24.
Quod thay, the Scottis ar all put doun Be Inglismen into thair innis; Lynd. Meldrum 642.
Thay … puttis vs downe all mercyles, We ar ouerthrawin; G. Ball. 177.
Heretickis … sould be put done be the ciuiell and magistrat law; Pitsc. II 60/12.
Becaus he pat downe the puire vitchis and saiffit gretter in his awin cumpanie daylie with him; Ib. 218/6.
K. Henrey of England putts doune the Popes pryde … and seuerly punishes the lubberdlie idle bellied mounkes; Balfour Ann. I 264.

f. To put (a person) to death, to make away with, to kill. Also north. e.m.E. (1589) and mod. Sc. and north. Eng. dial. pres. Thai may thé slepand tak And than but mercy put thé dovne; Seven S. 581.
Ib. 811, etc.
First slais the saull, and puttis the bodie down; Rolland Ct. Venus i 535.
For an I put not him down, I can not haif an lyfe in Scotland; 1567 Crim. Trials I i 496.
To put doun the ȝoung king; Buch. Wr. 23.
Ȝe usit sindrie unnaturalie and cruell meanis to put doun ȝour said first bairn in ȝour wombe be taking of drinkis; 1612 Jurid. Rev. X 467.
p.t. Quha … pat doun himselff in his awin howse; 1588 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 533.
Garden Kings 4.
Pat douin hir self; 1658–1700 Greyfriars Interments 402.
p.p. That we suld thus be haistely put doun; Henr. III 162/20.
The kingis … liegis … ar saikleslye put doun and distroyit, part murdreist part slane; 1525 St. A. Formulare I 268.
1567 Sat. P. vii 114.
Buch. Wr. 73.
The manly Methwen mischantly put downe, Slane for thy saik; 1572 Sempill Sat. P. xxx 107.
Privat murther is quhen ane is slane or drownit or utherwayis put down privatlie; Balfour Pract. 512.
Having put violent handis in his awin persoun and privilie put doun and drownit himself; 1582–3 Reg. Privy C. III 560.
Dalr. I 174/19.
Ib. II 205/28.
The Erle of Gowry was saiklesly put downe! 1610 Crim. Trials II 325.

g. To cause to be disused, to abolish. See Putting vbl. n. 5 (3), quot. 1515.

h. To make (something being eaten) more easily swallowed, to ‘wash’ it ‘down’. Scotland shall eat Ezekiel's book … The saints shall get a drink of the well that goeth through the streets of the New Jerusalem, to put it down; 1636 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 140.

45. To put furth. Cf. also senses 18, 20.

a. To put, lay or set out, in lit. senses; also, to cast out, emit, discharge. (1) To xii verkmen … puttand furtht stanis in the quarellis; 1529 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 4.
1532 Ib. 83.
The galliasse pat furtht … ane hundretht aris on euerye syde; Compl. 42/7.
Williame Keir grantit him to have wranguslie cuttit and away tane ane parte of the paviliones pertening to my lord bishop of Orknay … that his boit … sall on na wayis be put furth thairof to the sey quhill payment … be maid to the said lord; 1571–2 Canongate Ct. Bk. 350.
[The] Sheref Deput of Banffe … removit & out put all guddis … pertyning to Eosabell Ogiluie … & als pat furtht the gere & stuffis of the cottiris thairof; 1592 Prot. Bk. J. Inglis 6 Sept.
[That Johnne Greg … violently] patt furth the saidis complenaris pleuch [etc.]; 1596 Reg. Privy C. V 342.
His maiestie patt furth his hand at the said wyndo; 1600–1 State P. MS (No. 108/10) Reg. H. 21.
Na man sall buy … fish … before the ship ly on dry land, and put forth ane aer; Skene Reg. Maj. i 144.
That ilk taverner and inneis keiper put furth leight and lanternes befoir their doores; 1649 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII 216.
Wm. Watterstoun put furth 76 load at 1s. 6d. per load is … ¥5.14s.; 1672 Dunferm. Coal Acc. 16a.
(2) That he saw the balaynis on the sey puttand & castand furth sa gret watteris that [etc.]; Loutfut MS 29a.

b. To put out (a person's eyes). See Putting vbl. n. 5 (4).

c. To expunge or delete (an entry) from (a document). That the instrument … wryttin … in … this present buik be deletit and put furth of the samyn; 1569 Prot. Bk. J. Scott MS 86.
His name to be deleitt and putt furth of the gild buik; 1580 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 174.

d. To expel, evict, eject, remove. Also absol. or ellipt. Lecens to bryng in tenandis and put furth at his awin discrecioun; 1473 Reg. Cupar A. I 198.
[He] put furth all Ynglismen beneficit within his diocy; Asl. MS I 265/25.
[He] hes cummyn to the said tak & … put thar gudis furtht; 1520 Fife Sheriff Ct. 277.
Within few ȝeris ȝe [sc. landlords] herye him also, Syne puts him furth; to beggin most he go; Lauder Minor P. i 535.

e. To utter (a vocal sound, or words); to express or propound (a declaration or statement). Thelamonyus … Put furth gret repreve in spekyng; Troy-bk. ii 1349 (C).
As he pwt furth hys trete, Ambros sayd [etc.]; Wynt. v 3761.
The swallow swyth put furth ane pietuous pyme; Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 1788.
An vthir parabile Jesus puttit furth [P. puttide forth] to tham; Nisbet Matth. xiii 24.

f. To publish, issue. See Putting vbl. n. 5 (4).

g. To lift up (one's voice). And quhilum I put furth my voce, and pedder him callit; Dunb. Twa Mar. W. 302.

h. To furnish, provide, ‘find’ (troops, horses for troops). The said lands patt furth … to Captain Robert Douglass in the Erle Marshells his regiment thrittie futt sojouris; 1652 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 280.
Anent the localitie of the horse put furth by the toune to the militia troupe; 1671 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 7 Jan.

46. To put in. a. To place or thrust in, to insert. To put in fyre, to set fire. (1) Til a masson to mak a hoylle and put the bot in; 1491 Treas. Acc. I 184.
Puttand the kyndling in with hait fyre brand; Doug. vi iii 131.
Quha put vnder the … kingis bed all the powder and, with his awne hands, pat in the lint; Diurn. Occurr. 338.
Shoe did nather find the prein when it was put in into any of the said marks; 1661 Black Sc. Witches 45.
(2) Thair was put in fyere in the easing of … his back house … Helene Ewart being suspected; 1671 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS 4 Feb.

b. To cause to be placed or lodged, to install, to introduce (a person, animal or thing) in a certain place. A place Quhare-in al that iugit was Sic ded to de, suld in put be; Leg. S. xxxiii 553.
Duk Betis … priuelie put in a mare garnisoun … in the toun; Alex. (Taym.) (ed.) 3108.
For to put in his pleuche in the landis of Kynloch and to remove all vtheris thairfra; 1531 Crim. Trials I i 155.
David Wrycht, remanand in warde withtin the castell … put in as ane fals notar; 1562 Treas. Acc. XI 175.
That ane clenger be had for the present to putt in with the seik folkis; 1585 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 416.
Quhilks na man knawis quha pat in the said scheip; Monro W. Isles (1961) 81.
And commandis him to put in the samyn [goods] in ane cabar or lichter; 1602 Conv. Burghs II 142.

c. To introduce or set (bewitchment) in some object. Ane pair of heid scheittis … in the quhilk thow pat in thi witchecraft; 1596–7 Misc. Spald. C. I 86.
Ane pair of double sollit shoone … within the quhilk thow pat in wichecraft; 1597 Ib. 137.

d. To appoint (a person) (to an office or position); to install (a person) in a property as tenant. (1) Alssua in the tyme of ane othir pape Benait, was grete errour … for he was put out and ane othir forsabily put in; Hay I 23/13.
For he takis away a lurdan and puttis in a gude man; Ib. 150/35.
The quene … put in new keparis in the castellis of Edinburgh [etc.]; Asl. MS I 232/6.
The outredder quha pat in the maister [of a ship]; Welwod 63.
(2) With pouer the tennandis and inhabitandis the said landis to remuf and put in; 1490 Exch. R. X 664.
That he had put in the sade Robert … in the saidis takkis; 1496 Acta Conc. II 4.
Tak the rentall of Fyf fra the Arsdan and powt in thes berar and hes wyf; 1525 Exch. R. XV 584.
Thair haill purpos is to devoyd us of this toun and to put in our nychtbouris; 1545–6 Corr. M. Lorraine 160.

e. To include in a literary compilation; to set (a piece of text) in (some part of) a book. For the gret diuersite [of versions of laws] now fundin in diuers bukis put in be diuers persons that ar callit men of law; 1473 Acts II 105/2.
I haue put in the French on the one side of the leif and my blocking on the other; James VI Ess. 21.

47. To put of(f (aff, afe). a. To take off (clothes); to set down (a burden). ‘Put off, put off’, he sayd ‘leve swne That clethyng on thi body dwne’; Wynt. v 4947.
And Hesperous put of his cluddie hude; Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 623.
Efter that he had put of his claithis as gif he wald haue gane to bed, incontinent puttis on uther apparel; Buch. Detect. (
1727) 78.
She heard him putt aff his breeches; 1667 Dumbarton B. Rec. App. 19.
How soon they patt off ther burdens, they apprehended the constable; 1667 Highland P. II 17.

b. To drive back, repulse. = put abak, 38 above. He sagat fortrawaillyt, To put thaim off [C. put of thame] that him assaylit; Barb. vii 376 (E).

c. To remove or dismiss (a person) (from a position). Uthirs of uther races whereof one being about to putt of sum gentlemen from offices which they … had held long of the bishops, wer killed; c 1641–54 J. Gordon in Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. II 517.

d. To ‘do away with’, put to death (a person): cf. put doun, 44 f. Nevertheles gif the prince thinkis that throu sik a man the were wald be continewit … it war than spedefull that sik a man war put off for the better, bot [etc.]; Hay I 158/5.
Now Lucius King of Britannie is put affe; Dalr. I 176/14.

e. To spend (time); to while away (time); ? to last or endure (a certain period of time). f. To postpone (an appointed time); to postpone till later, delay (doing something). Cf. put by, 43 e. e. With joy and pleasance pat thay afe the night; Clar. v 2559.
Than … scho … put of as scho micht That langsum day, quhill it come to the nicht; Rolland Seven S. 4337.
This matter, … and the interteanement of the laird of Grant, pate off the day, … and then he enterit to the futball; a 1581 Bann. Memor. 334.
They being singill widow wemen did it rather to put of tyme … then for to sell breid; 1620 Perth Kirk S. MS 30 Oct.
Ill might thow thryve and ill might thow put of this yeire; 1633 Orkney Witch Trial in
Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. V 557.
I am here, sir, putting off a part of my inch of time; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 302.
The physicians give her over, and think that she will not putt of this night; 1694 Annandale Corr. 86.
f. Gif I can find ony remeid … That may put of that deidlie dolent hour; Rolland Seven S. 838.
I have continued and putt off … to paint out everie one of you … in your owne colours; 1597 Calderwood V 667.

g. To delay doing something for (another) by evasions or excuses. Ye … soucht almis bot she wald geve yow nane, and ye said ye put me ay of, geve me that ye promeised me; 1629 Black Orkn. & Shetl. Folklore 107.

h. To get rid of, ‘throw off’ (an illness). The Archbischoppe … apeirs suim better in his health, and ȝit is thocht sall nocht putt off this seiknes in haill; 1615 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 262.

48. To put on. a. To fix on, affix (a thing), by workmanship of some kind. To cary the pailȝoun treis … to the castel to put on the bandis and platis on thaim; 1496 Treas. Acc. I 290.
And quhen he vas putand one this lok and bandis; 1530–1 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 111.
1564–5 Edinb. Old Acc. I 486.

b. To put on (a garment) on oneself, to don; to put on (a garment) on another. I will put on my haly-dayis clais; Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 513.
As the hand helpis the fut to put on the schone; Irland Mir. I 28/10.
And incontinent my lord raise and pat on his clayths; 1567 Anderson Collect. Mary II 176.
With grit difficultie he tuik thame [shoes], And pat thame on; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 799.
Saul to encourage him … furneshed him [David] with his awen armour, who puttin thame on vpon his shoulders fand thame vnfit for him; Fowler II 105/5.
Break my head & syn put on my how; Ferg. Prov. MS No. 273.

c. To start or light (a fire). See Putting vbl. n. 5 (7).

49. To put out. Cf. also senses 18, 19.

a. To put out (a person's eyes). Thai … bath his eyne felyly put out; Leg. S. iii 17.
Wynt. ii 1224, vi 205.
Hay I 80/33, 298/25.
Myll Spect. 278/6.
Bell. Boece I 42.
Bisset II 172/6.

b. To drive away, expel (a person); to send away, banish; ? also, to thrust out of a position, depose. c. To eject or evict (a tenant). b. Acastrus … his [sc. Pirrus'] graunschir put out, Peleus, out of his land; Troy-bk. ii 2381.
Mony off thame wyth fors off hand Owt he pwt than off Scotland; Wynt. vi 552.
Dowchty man he wes and stowt. All the Peychtis he put owte. Gret bataylys than dyde he To pwt in fredwme hys cuntre; Ib. 562.
Of folk put oute for mysalry; Burgh Laws c. 69 (B).
And had nocht bene haly Sanct Lowis the gude king of Fraunce, the verray pape Sanct Innocent had bene put out utterly, and for he was chassit in Fraunce quhare he … was put agayne in his sege be the saide King Lowys; Hay I 24/3.
That he may mak were on him, and put him out be force of armes; Ib. 133/30.
When the evil spirit has been anes putten out; Henderson Serm. 39.
c. Frely to put ovt and take in all tenandis at thair awen lykyng; 1418 Liber Melros 503.
That I and thai be pwt owt for euirmayr alvtirly; 1489 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 546.
Powar … to sett tenentis and put out and in als aft as thai pleis; 1552 Reg. Cupar A. II 104.
1579 Acts III 165/2.

d. To exclude (a person, from a list). The pure of the role to be sichtit to sie who is meit to be taine in and who to pute out; 1628 Elgin Rec. II 204.

e. To lay out for sale; to lay out in the lit. sense. That na brother … sall sett vp ony meat or put owt ony bannokis in thair hows; 1582 St. A. Baxter Bks. 30.
[James Young, quarrier, to] win, put out and square [stones]; 1670 Knoop & Jones Sc. Mason 27.

f. To set out, make an opening for (a window). g. To cause (some part of a building) to project. Houssis … laiche on the eard to put out oyes … houssis nixt to the laichest lofting to putt out quhat lichtis thai pleis; 1625 Glasgow B. Rec. I 347.
The baillies … finds that it wald seim be the stanes that is pute out in the cuinȝies of the said gavill and [etc.]; 1663 Rothesay B. Rec. 299.

h. To express or propound (a declaration etc.) = 45 e. The ȝow … Put out hir playnt on this wyis wofully; Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 1070.

i. To lift up (one's voice). = 45 g. Bot all the pertlyar in plane thai put out ther vocis; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 244.

j. To issue, publish, promulgate (a statement or the like). That that thing quhatsumeuir … quhilk thai put out, that thai nothir first, nor ȝit allane suld appere to vnderstand it sua; Winȝet II 27/16.
The theses put out by the regent, who did lauriat the scollaris of the colledge this yeir; 1666 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 232.

k. To ‘do away with’, put to death, kill. = 41 c, 44 f. I had … the greatest limmer … and his brother baith putt out: the ane execute … the other … brunt in ane house; 1614 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 242.

l. To set up, to make and set burning (a bonfire). The counsell … upon consideratioun of the great mercie to this land, be his majesties returne to his government, have ordered bonefyres to be put out; 1660 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 23 May.

m. To extinguish (a light or a fire). The lichtis … wer … put out; Buch. Detect. (1727) 69.
And the light that is utterlie put out; R. Bruce Serm. 152.
The bent … kendlet sa on fyre that we haid all ado to put it out; Melvill 21.

n. To fit (a person) out with (necessaries). See Outreke v. 4 b.

o. To provide, furnish, ‘find’ (soldiers for a levy of troops). The list of a new leavie of the numberis to be put out for euerie shyre; 1646 Acts VI i 582/2.
Thir lands patt out to Colonell Manuel thritie ane sojour half sojour at fourtie pound the peice; 1652 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 282.

p. To enlist or impress as a soldier. The officer being ordanit to summond George Gib, the elders affirme that he was takin violentlie and put out upon the unlawful engagement; 1648 Boharm Kirk S. 9 April.
That they shall not be putt out any tyme therafter except it be of ther oun free motive will; 1678 Rothesay B. Rec. 363.

50. To put over. a. = 43 e, 47 e. b. ? To ‘take over’, expropriate; to hand over, transfer. But ydilnes for till put ouir the dais; Stewart 14945.
Albeit people in covenant with God … be justly plagued by seeing holy ordinances put over in the hands of profane men for their cause; Dickson Psalms II 51–100 (1653) 226.
That ye may sist yourselves before him, and take with your sins, and humble yourselves in his sight, and then the matter is put over upon a mediator; Binning Wks. 343.

51. To put to. a. To set in place. And when the enemeis had put to thair ledders [etc.]; Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 106.
To put to ane litle seat befor the tutor of Duffes dask door; 1642 Elgin Rec. II 243.

b. To affix or set (a seal, also a signature) to a document. Cf. 9 above. To the part of this indentoure remaynand with the forsaid Scher Jone the sele of the sayd earle is put to; 1396 Scot. Ant. XIV 218.
I the said Sir Jonne of the Wemys has put to my sele; 1400 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 7/36.
Pute to; 1402 Reg. Panmure II 185.
In wyttenes of the qwhilk thyngis my sele to this present wryt I haf put to; 1422 Stirlings of Keir 209.
1427 Melville Chart. 246.
1438 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 265.
To the quhilk I haif pwt to mye litill syng and subscriptione manuall to warefye sammyne; 1509 Liber Coll. Glasg. 210.
In wytnese heyrof we haif pute to oure handis; 1515 Douglas Corr. 318.

c. To shut (a door). The doors were closed, and put to; Sir Eger 1043.
The dur wes nocht lokkit bot onelie putt to and slottit; 1582 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 253.
Issobell Trvmbill … at hir incvming … pat to the dor behind hir; 1608 Dundonald Par. Rec. 170.
Alas, that my father hath put to the door on my poor harlot-mother! 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 204.

d. To exert or apply (action). Ande that of such maner he do That he myght put kepyng to; Troy-bk. ii 120.

e. To put to (one's) (helping) hand(is: to apply oneself, to set to (to an undertaking, to do something, and without complement); to take action. Also, to put to (one's) shoulder, id. (1) Ene hym self … puttand to hys hand To the assalt; Doug. xii x 68.
Put to ȝour handis in help tharto; Abell 70a.
Entreating that ye wald … to put to your helping hand to the settling of the work [etc.]; 1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I 363.
(2) And put to ȝour hande stoutlie to saif Petiris schip; Winȝet I 6/20.
Maitland Maitl. Q. xviii 34.
Befoir a justice of pace putt to his hand to mend itt; 1614 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 238.
The Lord put to his hand to help them; Henderson Serm. 322.
(3) Rycht sa gif princes sa thame self abuse, That of force subiectis man put to thair hand; 1567 Sat. P. vii 142.
Without my lord regentis grace put to hand; 1573 Reg. Privy C. II 316.
Gif the magistrate put not to his hand in time; R. Bruce Serm. 196.
Ib. 289, 395.
We wer lost … quhen God of his love pat to his hand and saved us; Rollock Wks. I 441.
Hume Orthog. 3.
Dickson Wr. 145.
Put to your hands and bring him back again; Renwick Serm. 232.
(4) Gif God of his mercy put not to his helping hand; 1603 Aberd. Council Lett. I 94.
I mon nedis medle and put to my helping hand; Melville Mem. 79.
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 533.
(5) The Lord is calling the great ones to put to their shoulder, and help his work; Cant Serm. Inverness 2 April 1638 (1741) 9.

f. To set (a plough) to work in (to) a place. g. To engage and set to work (a person). The said Philp Scot sal put to ane pleucht to the steid of the Bouhill be the lyssens of maister Michell Scot; 1527–8 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 92.
With deligence to put to workmen to the doun taking of the Blackfreir wallis; 1560–1 Edinb. B. Rec. III 100.
To put to workmen for casting of ane water syour; 1648 Glasgow B. Rec. II 128.

h. To add, supply in addition. The Laird Drume must be forcit ather to putt to als much himselff [etc.]; 1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I 370.
It is not little that will awaken sleeping sinners, therefore he puts to an oyes; Cant Serm. Glasgow 1638 (1741) 22.

52. To put up. a. To lift up, raise (one's head); to lift up and set (part of the body, in a certain position). (1) Quhen that Aurora … Put vp hir heid; Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 501.
Ane paddok, in the watter by, Put vp hir heid; Ib. 2787.
Dunb. xlviii 52.
(2) Sche … grapit hir and pat up hir fyngaris betwix the scheddis of hir hair; 1575 St. A. Kirk S. 415.

b. To place in a raised position, to set up. And gif ȝe allege siklyke [statues, etc.] to be lesum, bot nocht to be put vp in the temple of God [etc.]; Winȝet I 123/8.
The haldaris of the castell … pat up ane taikin on a speir pointt; Leslie 194.
That nane vse ane other ring bot that quhilk is putt vp; Fowler II 177/6.
His head wes put up vpone the tolbuithe of Edinburgh; Moysie 33.
His head and arm path wp on the castell gawill port; 1608 Moncreiffs 109.
That no persone … put up any lint within thair braices for drying in tyme comeing; 1657 Lanark B. Rec. 161.

c. To put away (a sword or whinger, in its sheath etc.). d. To put away (anything), ? chiefly or only in a raised place or position. c. Syne thai traist in that feild … Put up thair brandis sa braid; Gol. & Gaw. 1123.
[He] receaved Johne Duries whinger in his hand and put it up in the said John Petticrue owne lyning; 1673 Kirkintilloch B. Ct. 50.
d. Ilk man gat ane burges act, quhilk thay pat wp in there bonnet; Spalding I 335.
To the men that pat up the credill in the Neidpethe loft; 1655–6 Peebles B. Rec. II 198.

e. To erect, construct. The said Andro to put wp ane sufficient spowit of leid betuix [etc.]; 1543 Glasgow Chart. II 505.
That … his maister … in hamelenes had causit put up the cott for saftie of his sheip in euil wedder; 1596 Coll. Aberd. & B. 386.
To put up thrie putes to the south wall for ane flesh merkat; 1657 Lanark B. Rec. 159.
To cast ditch and sofficentlie putt vp to James Wilsone of Clarbrand his haill diches; 1670 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I 300.
George Lawtie ingadges himselff to put up and perfyt the Beedhouse before Whitsunday; 1676 Cramond Presb. Fordyce 42.
For lintill eall to the men when the door of the allarpark was put up; 1702 Foulis Acc. Bk. 307.

f. To promote, or restore, (a person) to a high position. For he [Pope Benait] was put out and ane othir forsabily put in, that was callit Silvester, the quhilk was sone put doun and the foresaid [pope] Benait agayne put up and [etc.]; Hay I 23/14.

g. To put forward (a person) to do something. The bischope … witht money wther leirnitt men conwenitt at Sanctandrois … and thair putt wpe ane freir callit Maltman quhilk preichit the wangell; Pitsc. II 131/2.

53. With various other adverbs. To put about, to cause (a wheel) to turn, to move it round. To put abune, to put (a person) in a superior situation, to raise, advance. To put asyde. To put round, ? to propose or ? to circulate (a person's ‘health’, in a toast). To put syndry, to put apart, separate (as by divorce). To put togidder, to bring together, unite; to cause to assemble or to form a combination. To put under, to put down, oppress. And othir wenis thai ar all at under, and ȝit God puttis thame abune; Hay I 36/30.
I rais and put all sleuth and sleip asyde; Henr. Fab. (O.U.P.) 1326.
To caus thame be handfast and put togiddir … for mariage to be completit; 1520 Grant Chart. 64.
Throch laws consistoriall … The common peopill ar put sa vnder [B. at vnder]; Lynd. Sat. 2667 (Ch.).
Me and the said Agnes to be separated and put syndry; 1560–1 St. A. Kirk S. 61.
Try … geif thair may be ane dissone of tryit fellowis … putt thegidder upon the townes advertisement to cum heir; 1588 Aberd. Council Lett. I 41.
And the quheillis quhairof culd nocht be put about be aucht men; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 173.
It was at diner, and I had new put his majesties health round; 1667 Argyll-Lauderdale Lett. I 44.

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"Put v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 Jan 2022 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/put_v>



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