A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Police, Pollice, n. Also: polyce, pol(l)ece, polese; and Porice. [e.m.E. polyce (Palsgrave, glossing F. police) pollice (1536), OF pollice (c 1250 in Wartburg), MF police, regulation of trades in a town, public order, government.]
It is possible that some examples are intended for the trisyllabic form policé etc., var. of Policie n., q.v. The disyllabic form is, however, established by the rhyme in the Alex. (Taym.) quote, c below.
= Policie n.
a. Government, esp. good government; civil administration. = Policie n. 1 and 2. b. A plan. = Policie n. 4 b. c. Improvement, development, embellishment, provision of amenity; also, cultivation. = Policie n. 5. d. The buildings, plantations etc. by which an estate etc. is improved. = Policie n. 6. e. ? Polishing or refining of manners, civilising; or ? c above.
a. And gif this had cours it wauld trouble all realmes and police; Irland Mir. MS 293.
The original fundament of all law, police, jurisdictioun and dominatioun usit amang men; Ib. in
Sc. Ant. XV 7.
Innes Rev. VI 92.
Polyce and Peace begynnis to plant; Lynd. Compl. 403.
Bothe in the kirk and police; 1606 Lett. Eccl. Affairs I 46.
b. The way how this mycht be done is athir be a lytill police of the wiche I hawe gewin information to … thesurer deput; 1614 Denmylne MSS. in
Highland P. III 162.
c. That … he sulde mak sacrefice And for that offerand ordant grete police The grete ymage war crovyn of gold fyne; Alex. (Taym.) 14661.
For the lovage of God, worship and polece of this burgh [etc.]; 1500 Edinb. B. Rec. I 80.
Bot Edinburgh passis thaim all, baith in polese, reparation, wisdome and riches; Bell. Boece I xxxviii.
For the police of our said burght; 1538–9 Edinb. Guild Ct. 27 Jan.
The pollice that vas inuentit be me … eftir the creatione of the varld hes procreat the stait of my brethir; Compl. 128/5.
Than ane lang tyme there eftir nature prouokit them to begyn sum litil police for sum of them began to plant treis [etc.]; Ib. 145/18.
Thai sall put our landis effoir nemmit to all possibill pollice thai may; 1552 Reg. Cupar A. II 107.
d. On nowayis to waist cast doun cutt or distroye the planting or pollece [of the lands]; 1610 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II 162.
Hewing doun the plesant planting … to the distroying of goodlie countrie pollice; Spalding I 297.
e. Constantin thrid … wes mair gewin to police and deuotioun na to batell; Abell 66 b.
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"Police n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 May 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/police_n>
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