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Plate, Plait, Plet(t, n.1 Also: plat, plait(t)e, playt, playit, plaith, plete, pleit, pleit(t)e, pleat(t. [ME. (c 1250) and e.m.E. plate, ME. plat (14th c.), late north. ME. playthe (15th c.), north. e.m.E. plait (1517), OF. plate, f. fem. of plat, plate a. (see Plat a.), med. L. (Brit.) plata: cf. Plat n.2] See also Wall-plate n.

1. A relatively flat, smooth piece (of metal); a (metal) sheet, plate or slab. Both generally and as made to a specific size for a particular purpose. (a) Thane wes of irne mony plat Layd til hyr sydis, brynnand hat; Leg. S. xxviii. 552.
Ib. xxxi. 458.
& yrne platis brynnand hat Wes laid on hyme to mak hym mat; Ib. xxxvii. 288.
All the wallis all our [were] fensit with platis of metall; Hay I. 37/28.
To cary the pailȝoun treis … to the Castel to put on the bandis and platis on thaim; 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 290.
For ij dowbil platis of quhit irne to be gun chargeouris; Ib. 293.
For v dosan quhit platis to be lanternis and bowatis, ilk pece vj d.; 1506 Ib. III. 354.
Quhilk historeis Eurition … Had carvyt … In weghty platis of the gold massy; Doug. x. viii. 148.
1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 37.
For twa pair gret round portell bandis with twa irne slottis rynnand upone platis; 1537–8 Ib. 218.
To be schone and platis and uthir irne werk to the gun quhelis and stokkis; 1538 Treas. Acc. VII. 210.
jc pare of irne bandis, snekkis and platis for durris and windois; 1571 Misc. Spald. C. II. 79.
Two quarts of aile [payed to them] at the laying of every plate in the above mentioned works inde the number of plats being five the money extends to [¥2]; 1683–90 Soc. Ant. LIV. 244.
(b) To gett plaittis for the channell and lowsing thairof [sc. the haven of Leith]; 1504 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I. 99.
Bukclaris thai bair with boys or plait of steill; Doug. vii. xii. 97.
For ij stane of leid made in a plait of a faldome lang for hir [sc. a ship's] syd; 1513 Treas. Acc. IV. 496.
Ane greit bund plait and boist to ane of the forsaid lychtis contenand in wecht xxxiii stanis ix lib.; 1531 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 59.
Alevyn pair of plaittis to the sadillis price of the pair iiij s.; 1537 Treas. Acc. VI. 356.
He gatt twa plaitis of ane awld pan, Ane breistplait maid him boun; Sym & Bruder 113.
For xvij plaittis of quhit yron quhairof was maid fyve flambeantis; 1566 Treas. Acc. XII. 405.
iij irne flouris with iij irne plaitis to set candellis vpon the heidis of the saitis in the kirk; 1576 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 50 a.
Copper in plaitts vnwrocht, round or squair; 1612 Bk. Rates (Halyb.) 296.
1614 Stirling B. Rec. I. 136.
Certane double and single plaits for horneing of poynts; 1645 Edinb. Test. LXI. 118.
For a new lap to the clokbag and some iron plaittis therto; 1663–6 Household Bks. Archb. Sharp 26.
Tuo braid plaitts of iron four newked quhairupon the kitching fyre stood; 1666 Edinb. Test. LXXII. 194.
Ane indented silver standart plaite of sterling fynnes; 1682 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II. 191.
For 2 transum plaits, 1 swibar plait, a perch plait, a mainshekell, a houkit clout to the poull end; 1692 Foulis Acc. Bk. 147.

b. A (brass) plate to bear an engraving. Plaitt; 1569–70 (see Plat n.2 1).
The compt off the pleitt off bress bocht and transportit be Johne Liddell from Antverp … for the buriall place of his brother; 1622 Sc. N. & Q. I. 103.
To caus put on a fair plait of brase vpon the said stane; 1644 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 34.
1645 Ib. 54, 56.

c. In certain other specialised applications. (1) For vernesing of ane lang culveryn … and the twich plaith half fut lang; 1508 Treas. Acc. IV. 122.
[On a marchstone] ane picture of ane scheir with the manner of ane ball within the plaits and schering of the sheiris; 1534 Bamff Chart. 65.
Ane gros culwering of found with hir stok furnetour of irne plaittis and bullattis; 1585 Elphinstone Mun. 193/1.
(2) For mending the stok lock … & for making ane … baksprent & plait thairto; 1590 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 402.
For the making up tua new lockis that was brokin … sprentis and plaitis brised and brokin; 1654 Peebles B. Rec. I. 423.

2. Metal in sheet form. See also Quhite a. And all within with plate of gold ourepast; Alex. (Taym.) 6984.
The earle was served in his state With cup and piece of golden plate; Sir Eger 2704.
Bot all the bordour [sc. of a mirror], circulair euerie deill, Was plait of gold, cais, stok and vtter hem; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1482.
For ane cap of quhit plait to put out the candillis with; 1506 Edinb. Hammermen 55 b.
A bowand scheild of plait; Doug. iii. v. 6.
Ib. vii. x. 75.
[61] stane fourtene pundis leid of plait … for reparing of the palice; 1515 Treas. Acc. V. 13.
Ilk pund wecht of tin of the best chargeour seruice plaite; 1548 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 136.

b. Attrib. and comb.: (Metal) in sheet form. iij wolbis of plet leid for the bakkis of the ij windois, weyand xxj stane; 1560–1 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 144.
Of plait tyn vnmaid viij stane price of the pund v s.; 1593 Edinb. Test. XXV. 239 b.
For plait led to naill on the schip; 1613 Soc. Ant. X. 222.
Fyne plait peuder pryce of the pund wecht x s.; 1628 Edinb. Test. LIV. 223 b.
For covering with plaitt copper the churche at the Trone; 1644 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII. 54.
Ane stand ane half of plaitt tine; 1652 Edinb. Test. LXVI. 84 b.

c. Plait (gold, silver), very thin pieces (of leaf) overlaid on base metal. Silver plait, perh. id., but cf. b prec. Siluer and gold bookis, and plait gold bookis; 1628–9 Mill Mediæv. Plays 209.
Tuentie four plait silver buttones; 1667 Edinb. Test. LXXIII. 8.
4 dusane of silver plett buttons to them; 1647 Old Ross-shire i. 143.

3. One of the pieces of sheet metal composing plate-armour. Also Brest-plait and harnes plate, Harnes n. 4. Unum par de platis [1368, 917/1, plates]; 1367 Rot. Sc. 916/2.
Mony ane plate and mony ane sheild; Alex. ii. 9787.
The Talbot on had platis twyne And throw thame bath his spere he bare; Wynt. viii. 5258.
And his haubergeoun, his platis and his actoun; Hay I. 141/19.
Ib. 142/28 (see Mail(l n.1 (2)).
Mony mailye and plait war marrit on the mold; Gol. & Gaw. 965.
Ib. 708.
Erll Patrik … On the the-pes a felloun strak him gaiff Kerwit the plait with his scharp groundyn glaiff; Wall. viii. 266.
For ane plait to the kingis chamferon; 1507 Treas. Acc. III. 394.
For ane plait of legharnes to the king; Ib. IV. 73.
1508 Ib. 137.
Doug. x. viii. 109.
Plaittis; Stewart 7554.
For making of platis of steill to the justing sadillis; 1538 Treas. Acc. VII. 95.
This … king Quhois bricht plaitis attoure all Iuda schone; Bann. MS. 37 b/26.
Bring with thé … a pair gantilotis, tuo sword strypes or plettis [T. pleatis] for the theise and legis; 1571 Bann. Memor. 152.
Quhen Mr. Gawin had hard … how he chappit on his breist and persaiffit the plaittis of his jake clattering; Pitsc. I. 282/3.
The plaits and malȝeis fiom thair harneis flew; J. Stewart 18/111.
Squama, the plets of a jack; Wedderburn Voc. (1709) 15.

4. Armour consisting of thin pieces of metal, plate-armour. For further examples see esp. Gluve n. 2, Jak n.2 and Harnes n. 4. (1) Aventayl cum cirotecis de plate; 1390 Reg. Morton II. 174.
Playt; Acts I. 113/2 (see Gluve n. 2).
In plate and mailȝe; Brus xi. 109 (E) (see Plane attrib.). Plate
1495 Acta Conc. I. 416/1.
With gret treis and gluffis of plait; Dewoit Exerc. 59.
For ane breik of plait; 1506–7 Treas. Acc. III. 363.
1513–14 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 10.
Ane glof of plaith; 1523 Wigtown B. Ct. 138 a.
Ane pair of slevis of plait; 1545 Treas. Acc. VIII. 410.
With a jack of plett, steilbonet, splent slevis of mailyie or plait; 1552 Reg. Privy C. I. 130.
Ane jak of pleit price thairof four pundis; 1582–3 Perth B. Ct. 1 Mar.
(2) Royall princes in plait and armouris quent; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1919.
Resoun … In plate and maille as Mars armypotent; Dunb. G. Targe 152 (Ch. & M.).
Is non so armit in to plait That can fra truble him debait; Id. xxi. 31 (B).
The belly was stuffit … Full of knychtis armyt in plate of stele; Doug. ii. i. 14 (Ruddim.).
In schynyng plait and mail, Pyrrus; Ib. viii. 55 (C).
(3) Nother scheild nor obstant plait of steil; Doug. xii. ix. 99.
(4) Throu plaitt and stuff; Wall. iv. 663.

b. Plate of mail, appar. = mail-armour: see Mail(l n.1 (2).

c. Attrib. with glufe and scheld, and in Plate-slefe n. Ane dorloch, ane plait glufe; 1596 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 141.
Thrie stand of horsmen harnes with thrie plait glufis; 1605 Black Bk. Taymouth 343.
He will get on a croslet and plate-glufe; Rollock's Thess. 128.
On qwhat manere Will yhe ryn at this justyng … ? Wyth plate scheldis; Wynt. viii. 5191.

5. A household plate, a shallow dish as used for food. Freq. with defining word, as beif, broth, butter, chargeour, counterfute, housell, trunscheour; lame (leam), pewder (peuther), quhite, silver, timber, tin, tre (trene, treing), qq.v. for definitions and examples. In plur., also without inflexion. (a) For xxxij stopes, xxxij coggis, and xxxij platis of tree to thaim; 1504 Treas. Acc. II. 259.
For ix platis of quhit irne to the quenis chamir; Ib. 441.
With platis full the altaris by and by Thai can do charge; Doug. xiii. ii. 22.
1531 Treas. Acc.V. 462; etc.
1551 Reg. Cupar A. II. 71.
The xxxij pecis weschell … borrowit … fra him … quhilkis platis wer nocht gottin agane; 1555 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 225.
Tuo silver candlesticks with snuffers, plate and chaingȝie; 1694 Inchmahome Pr. 160.
(b) A butter plait; 1489–90 Acta Conc. I. 131/1.
Ane plait off grottis and ane dische full of meill; Henr. Fab. 282 (Bass.).
[13] plaittis, [8] dischis, [9] sauseris; 1512 Rentale Dunkeld. 227.
1519 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II. 177.
1522 Dunferm. B. Rec. 209.
Stewart 56059.
I wesche my handis in the plait; Rolland Seven S. 8410.
That a mannis language is lyk vnto ane plait … and the mater that he proponis … is lyk the meat that is proponit in the plait; 1573 Tyrie Cath. Tr. 9/29.
Lanx, ane plait, … Paropsis, ane plait; Despauter (1579).
Off trene plaittis in Auchalladour, xxx; item of Inglis plaittis … ii dosane; 1598 Black Bk. Taymouth 331.
The saidis pecis quhilk wer maid of ane pewder plait; 1601 Crim. Trials II. 354.
Fyve dison of plaites pryce of ilk dison threttie sex pund; 1649 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 781.
Given to buy ane plait for the use of the kirk, 42 s.; 1655 Boharm Kirk S. 1 Apr.
Having atteined to the skill and knowledge of the pewtherer tred in casting plaits; 1662 Glasgow Trades House 378.
uninfl. pl. Twa grit leame plaitt; 1647 Edinb. Test. LXIII. 50 b.
Six leam plaitt; 1681 Blackness Customs 16 b.
(c) vj plets ij trunschors; 1575 Dumfries B. Ct. 20 Mar.
Ane plet, four trounscharis, ane chargour plait; 1583–4 Crail B. Ct. 10 Mar.
For stoupes and pletis, xii s.; 1595 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 10 a.
Ane great plett for confectiones; 1634 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II. 423.
Gruelias … lickere plettas; Polemo-Mid. 74.
Mixt together in a plet; 16.. Nat. Lib. MS. 22.2.11 penult. p.
(d) Ane pleitt hollit as gif it wer wandis; 1578 Inv. Wardrobe 241.
Pewter pleittis; 1580 Coll. Aberd. & B. 391.
iij puder pleitis; 1591 St. A. B. Ct. 28 May.
Capes, pleittis & disches; 1595 Brechin Test. I. 128 b.
For ane pleitte [ed. plence] of copper for the wis of the lerd in tyme of kasting of the quhilk pleit I send [etc.]; 1625 Church Plate of St. Nich. Kirk, Aberdeen in
Sc. N. & Q. 3 Ser. VII. 122.
(e) iiij pleattis and aucht trunschooris of xx s.; 1592 St. A. B. Ct. 1 Dec.
Twentie pewter pleats; 1639 Old Ross-shire i. 126.
Thrie great pleattis. Item, tuentie sewin lesser pleattis. Item, four long pleatts; 1651 Buccleuch Mun. II. 291.
I could not lipen the pleats to this boye for spoyleing of them; 1677 Maxtones 42.
Of hollow broth pleats, 3; 1694 Inchmahome Pr. 160.

b. Attrib. with mould (muild) and rack. Ane plaitt mould of bras. … Item ane vther mould of bras for plaitt … Item ane trinscher & ane sacer mould; 1645 Edinb. Test. LXI. 184 b.
Six stone weight of plait muilds; 1693 Brechin Test. VIII. 75.
Ane plaitt rack or carier, ix s.; 1689 Ib. VII. 211.

c. transf. An amount of food; alimentation. That scho haif … assignatioun of money and victuallis for the support of hir plate as of befoir; 1577 Reg. Privy C. II. 634.

6. a. A plate as the prize for a horse race. Hence b. the race for which a plate is the prize. Plate-run, id. (See also Plat n.2 6, quot. 1682.) On Tyousday bothe the plet runs at which ther is six horsies; 1669–81 Haddington Corr. 194.
[Beltane race:] The counsell have aggried this yeir to have a plain plait att the value of eight pounds sterling … to be run for upon … the second Thursday of May; 1684 Peebles B. Rec. II. 113.
The last yeirs staikes of the plait and saidle … quhich the thesaurer is to hold compt for; 1686 Ib. 117.

7. A platform supported by a scaffold. Ane hundreth daillis to be skaffalds pletts & ane staige … for the doune taking of my lord marques head; 1661 Funeral Acc. i. 5, M. of Montroes.

8. Vessels and tableware made of silver or gold. Of siluer playt ane huge weght furth was brocht To set on burdis; Doug. i. ix. 108.
Seyr weghty gyftis of massy goldyn plate [1553 gold in plate] Onto our schippis chargit he beir onon; Ib. iii. vi. 210.
Scho tuke away all his plate, let it be pardonit; Buch. Detect. (1727) 45.
His jowaillis, movabillis and plaitt … Wald mvnt vnto fourty thowsand; Rob Stene i.
The inventorie of the plaite. Item, ane gilt bassen and lawer, … Item 16 silver dyshes; 1610 Hist. Kinloss A. xii.
The Quen of Scotland and hir husband had tane on the … [English and Irish] armes vpon ther siluer plait; Melville Mem. 85.
Plaitte; 1617 Melrose P. 299.
Iewellis, pleit [etc.]; 1625 Edinb. Test. LIII. 55 b.
The jewells, silver plaitt and vther silver work … left to ws; 1640 Black Bk. Taymouth 346.
Spalding I. 127.
Ib. II. 22.
Inventarey of the silver pleat in the trunk … tuo silver basons [etc.]; 1674 Fraser P. 258.

9. Precious metal in bulk or unworked, bullion. The said Dutche schip … laidnit with ane hundreth kistis of succour, tua kistis of silver plait, ane kist full of ryellis of aucht; 1610 Crim. Trials III. 100.
To reseave the hail silver and gold plait as weill English as Scottis plate … and … print the samen … in sufficient coyned gold and money; 1639 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II. 112.
40,000 pundis wecht off pleat and 15,000 pundis wecht of ingotis of gold were brocht to the mynt-houss at Oxfurde; Spalding II. 238.
Of London plaite a small lignot … and a small cack; 1675 Mint Melting Journals II. 9.
From Alexander Reid 1 lib. 12 ounce Scotis plaitte; Ib. 11.
Scots pleat; 1677 Ib. III. 2.
Pleate … broken pleatt; Ib. 14.
In Spanish plaitte to be reported paid in as bullione; Ib. 15 b.

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"Plate n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 Sep 2020 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/plate_n_1>



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