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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).

Plat, v.2 P.t. plat(t, p.p. plat. [Late ME. platte(n to become flat (c 1430), e.m.E. plat(te to cause to fall flat (1530), plat to place, set (1568), ME. platte p.t. caused to fall flat (Piers Plowman A): cf. Du. pletten, Germ. platten to flatten, smooth, OF. plat(t)ir (f. plat Plat a.) to flatten, throw down flat, lie flat.]

1. tr. To place flat, clap into place, set, put. c1420 Wynt. ii. 50.
Scho gert plat on hyr hys basynet Wytht othire armys
1513 Doug. ix. ix. 117.
And he hys hand plat to the wound in hy
1540 Lynd. Sat. 1919 (Ch.).
And ȝe ladies that list to pisch Lift vp ȝour taill, plat in ane disch
1603 Philotus xxxviii.
Sen thair may be na vther buit Plat on his head ane horne
1639 Baillie I. 197.
Above a thousand hands daylie imployed platt up towards the sea sundrie perfect and strong bastions

b. In non-material sense. 1529 Lynd. Complaynt 135.
Thay tuke that ȝoung prince frome the sculis … And haistelie plat in his hand The gouernance of all Scotland
1567 Sat. P. vi. 102.
Syne plat me godly men into thair place

2. To cause (a person) to fall flat, to throw down. c1552 Lynd. Mon. 3907.
That innocent thay tuke … And platt hym bakwart to the croce

3. intr. Of a person: To fall down flat (upon one's face, knees, etc.), to prostrate oneself. Also reflex. c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxii. 58 (B).
Throw hiddowis ȝowling of the wowf This wylie tod plat doun on growf
1513 Doug. iii. ii. 52.
The quyet closettis oppynnyt with a rerd And we plat law gruflyngis on the erd, A voce com til our erys
Ib. iv. vii. 59.
Thar lady … That was in dedly swoun plat for dispar
1558-66 Knox I. 59.
At which wordis he … platt him self upoun his knees
a1578 Pitsc. I. 222/15.
Mr. Patrick … plat on his kneis befoir the king

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"Plat v.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Sep 2022 <>



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