A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Plat, a. and adv. Also: platt, plate, playt, plaite, (plet). [ME. (14th c.) and e.m.E. plat, platte, also (14th c.) plate adv., F. plat (11th c. in Littré), late pop. L. *plattus a.]
I. adj. 1. Flat, in various material senses: Having horizontal extent not vertical height; horizontal, not tilted; level; low-lying; lying immediately upon what is below, not raised up above it.
And quhen the Romaynis herd tell that schir Hanyball was in the plate placis of Lumbardy; Hay I. 49/28.
Payit to the said plumbar for his complete werkmanschip of the said plat [supra platform] ruf and vest roundis; 1531–2 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 74.
That thair be na standis … with palyonis or coueringis aboun thame bot the cramis that salbe sett tobe ane burd on twa laych trestis without oney couering aboun except gif it be weyt thai to couer thair gudis with ane plat couering vpoun the samyn; 1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 200.
Thair litill bonet or bred hat, Sumtyme heicht and sumtyme plat; Maitl. F. clxxviii. 90.
[They] begin to red the bruisit wallis and repayrit the forewark … of a bulwark, plat and brayd abone; Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 145.
2. fig. ‘Flat’, direct, unqualified (negation or refusal): cf. 5 a below.
For playt na sal be thi ansuere; Leg. S. xxx. 106.
The prefet … gluthryt hir with wordis mek … Bot scho plat nay ay sad hym til; Ib. xli. 120.
3. Doubtful examples. —
All thair plat pure pansis Coud nocht the fete of ony dansis; Colk. Sow i. 389.
[The Duke of Mane [Maine] is laying] all plat [to agree France and Spain]; 1597 Cal. Sc. P. XII. 552.
II. adv. 4. In or to a flat position; prone or supine on the ground; resting throughout its extent directly upon the ground or upon or against a surface.
(1) That he his crage straik ewyn in two And to the erd deid laid him plat; Troy-bk. ii. 2927.
Ane knycht … Quhilk with that straik plat to the erd is gane; Alex. (Taym.) 3224.
Thar lady … That was in dedly swoun plat for dispar; Doug. iv. vii. 59.
Ib. iii. ii. 52, xii. vi. 169.
Hyr ȝongest sone vas lyand plat on his syde on the cald eird; Compl. 70/25.
Dauid Orme ȝounger … fand certane dovatis castin … and turnit certane of thame ower and laid thame plat on the ground againe; 1580 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 84.
Thay fal platt on thair backes; Dalr. I. 64/20.
(2) Gif he puttis nocht his hande fully & plat to the buk thru resone of il contenans; Quon. Attach. c. 53.
He hys hand plat to the wound in hy … So that the fedderit arrow furth dyd glyde And nalyt hys hand plat to the left syde; Doug. ix. ix. 120.
Ful towartly onane The steid bekend [he] held to hys schulder plat And he at eys apon hys bak doun sat; Ib. x. xiv. 95.
b. In a level or horizontal attitude, horizontally.
The tearmes of command in our Scots language. … [Eng.] Order your picke [= Scots] Plate-carie your picke; Kellie Pallas Armata 23.
b. Absolutely, directly (opposed or contrary).
Quhilk we understand is plat aganis ȝour gud and afald mynd; 1539 St. P. Henry VIII V. 162.
Ȝe tell ane taill quhilk I think gude and fair And thay ane vther to ȝouris is plat contrair; Rolland Seven S. 5789.
That Christiane men … suld be changeit sa proudly in sa mony hiech materis in the plat contrar men; Winȝet I. 53/19.
Bot platt contrare bayth; Ib. 72/9.
Plat contrarie to our expectatioun; 1567 Sel. MSS. Q. Mary 236.
See how plat contrary the apostle and they are in the nature of faith; R. Bruce Serm. 63.
And with that same mouth to pronounce the plat contrair; Ib. 193.
Dalr. II. 196/33, 450/14.
1596–7 Calderwood V. 566.
Rollock Wks. I. 442.
But repentance turns him the plat contrary way again; Welsh Forty-eight Serm. 102.
Melville Mem. 113.
Bot plaite contrary in Gods works; 1634 Johnston Diary I. 192.
c. Of a direction of the compass: Directly, due (north, etc.).
Affricus is takin for plat west wynd that is bot sowth sowthwest; Doug. Comm. i. ii. 57.
Ane vther marche that passis plat north betuix the saidis landis; 1571 Prestwick Deeds No. 15.
Haldand thairfra platt wast linealie; 1578 Aberd. Chart. 338.
Somewhat westerly … plat west; c 1680 Coll. Aberd. & B. 97.
d. Of a statement: Plainly, bluntly, severely.
First with sik bustuus wordis he thame grat [Ruddim. gret], And, but offence, gan thame chidyng thus plat [Ruddim. plet]; Doug. vi. vi. 6.
So heir the text pronuncis till ws plat That Christ, he speykis heir of the reprobat; Lauder Minor P. i. 131.
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"Plat adj., adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 Sep 2020 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/plat_adj_adv>
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