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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Outrageous(e, a. (adv.). Also: outrageousse, -rageus, -ragious(e, -ius, -ous, outraigous; owtrageous, -eows, -eus, -ews, -yus; outtrageous(e, -eouss(e, -ious, -ius; owttragews, -ious; utragi(o)us, wtrageous(e, uttragius; and Oultrage(o)us. [ME. and e.m.E. utrageous (c 1325), outrage(o)us (14th c.), out(e)-, oultragious, etc. (15th c.), OF. outrageus, AF. oult-.]

1. Of personal qualities: Exceeding normal bounds; very great, extraordinary; extreme, excessive.In contexts which imply a. approval, b. disapproval.a. 1375 Barb. iii. 162.
For ȝone knycht … throw his owtrageous manheid Has fellyt … Thre men of mekill prid
Ib. vi. 126.
Stark outrageous [E. wtrageous] curage he had
?1438 Alex. ii. 4587.
The outtragious hardement weill he knew Of Porrus
Ib. 5355.
Of the outtragious worsheip That God hes geuin ȝow to keip
Ib. 2964.
a1500 Lanc. 258.
Outragous curag
b. 1375 Barb. xvi. 327.
Bot his outrageous succudry And will that mar wes [than] hardy, Of purpos letit him
Ib. xviii. 183. c1420 Wynt. v. 651.
For hys ecces sa owtragews [C. outtrageousse, W. He wes hiely and outragious] And his condytyown wycwys
1513 Doug. i. Prol. 77.
Syk owtrageus foly
1531 Bell. Boece I. xxv.
Be outragius and exerbitant [sic in pr.] haitrent rais sic slauchter and murdir on all sidis
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 44.
Ane takin of outragious haitrent

2. Of persons: Excessive or unrestrained in action, violent. c1420 Wynt. v. 1644.
He … wes in dedys fell Owtrageows and rycht cruelle
1456 Hay II. 40/29.
Namely outrageus in word and sclanderous bakbytare
Ib. /35.
And all outrageus commoun vicius men
c1490 Porteous Noblenes 177/21.
That thai ar nocht outtrageous to answer in cruell langage nor to tak vengance be strenth
1531 Bell. Boece I. 27.
Thir brigandis … confiderat thaim with ane cumpany of Pichtis outrageous and wickit limmeris as thay war
15.. Clar. iii. 416.
1560 Rolland Seven S. 4152.
Auld men … ar … Wylie and fell and richt outrageus
Ib. 6876.
Thay [sc. women] ar sa outrageous, Irefull and dispittous … Quhen thay grow furious
a1568 Bann. MS. 279 b/59.
And uthir emprioris owttragious The quhilk patt holy men to sowrd & fyre
1575 Reg. Soltre 229.
Gif ony of the beidmen be … outtragius to thair said maister hospitale
1596 Dalr. I. 192/13.
Nathir was Angusian for this cause the mair outragious
1665 Beale Fife Schools 179.
To be more calm … and not so outragiouse in his speitches to them

b. Lacking in moderation or temperance. c1460 Thewis Gud Women 29.
Nocht outragous in hire cleithinge

3. Of actions, behaviour, treatment of others: Very or too great, extreme, excessive; excessively cruel, atrocious, intolerable.Chiefly in contexts implying disapproval. 1375 Barb. iii. 132.
He thocht … To do ane owtrageous bounte
Ib. xi. 32.
Quhen Schir Eduard … Had gevyn sa outrageous a day To ȝeld or reskew Strewilling
Ib. xx. 527.
Quhen this Pirrus had On him … mayd Ane outrageous discumfitour
a1400 Leg. S. xxxi. 372.
& franyt … quha durst do Sa outrageouse a scorn hir to
?1438 Alex. i. 2012.
With bodyis [etc.] … Sa outragious hurkling than thay maid [F. s'entrehurtent si fort]
c1420 Wynt. vi. 132.
That war abhomynatyowne And owttragews transgressyowne Agayne all poynt off Crystyn fay
Ib. vii. 254.
Be … owtrageows extorsyownys
Ib. v. 3011 (W).
1456 Hay I. 174/4.
Bot and his maister … do him sum outrageus injure or othir inhumanitee
Ib. 300/10.
To geve but caus resounable outrageus giftis
Ib. II. 84/26.
Fule largesse and outrageus dispens but mesure
a1500 Rauf C. 369. 1513 Doug. ii. ix. 50.
1533 Bell. Livy I. 60/20.
This wikkit and outtrageous deid [L. atrox]
c1590 Fowler II. 19/16.
1600-1610 Melvill 131.
His crewall and uttragius handling and careing to preasone
Ib. 222.
Sic utragius tyrannie
1600 Reg. Privy C. VI. 167.
Some … evill disposed persons sal be lowking outragious countenance [etc.] … do quhat in them lyis to enter [etc.]
1627 Justiciary Cases I. 73.
Eftir he had fochein and strugillit uith hir in maist outrageous maner
1631 Ib. 168.

4. Of speech: Unbridled, offensive, insulting. 1456 Hay I. 287/15.
And he persevere in his outrageous langage
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2655 (Bann.). c1490 Porteous Noblenes 179/19.
Ane outtragious tung … garris all men be hatit
1513 Doug. ix. x. h. of ch.
Heir ȝyng Ascanyus the strang Numanus slew Quhill wordis owtragyus to the Troianys schew
a1550 Goldin Latany 208/86.
And for the outrageous wordis that Thou tholit that nycht, haue marcy
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6705. 1573 Tyrie in Cath. Tr. (S.T.S.) 5/27.
Be sic vtragius and dispytfull sklandres
1574 Reg. Privy C. II. 406.
Minassingis and outragious threatningis
1635 Justiciary Cases I. 237.
The quhilkis lettres … contenis many seditious and utragious speiches aganis ws, our estait and governament
1641 Edinb. Surgeons 153. 1679 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 293.
By most unhansome and outraigous speiches

5. In other collocations: Very or too great, extreme, excessive, immoderate, extremely violent.(1) ?1438 Alex. i. 2187.
Thair menȝe … was At outragious mischeif fechtand
c1420 Wynt. iv. 2124.
The were civile was than sa fele, Sa owtrageows and sa cruel, Sa wyolent
1616 Drummond I. 48/11.
Mee place where … late outragious Fates vpon nmee frowne
c1650 Spalding II. 462.
Marche wes veray wyndie, heiche and outragious
(2) 1456 Hay II. 88/4.
All lustis of outrageous carnale appetitis
Ib. /7.
To flee and eschew allcarnale concupiscence outrageous
1494 Loutfut MS. 33 b.
And liffit of the transquillite of noblesse and nocht of outtrageous corporal mettis

6. adv. Extremely, excessively. = Outrageously adv. 1375 Barb. ix. 483.
Bot he wes outrageous hardy And of so hye vndirtaking That [etc.]
1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 1544.
He was to thame sa outrageous [1553 outragius] ingrait

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"Outrageous adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Oct 2023 <>



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