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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1971 (DOST Vol. IV).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Misknawlage, -lege, n. Also: -laige, -ladge, -ledge, misknaulege, mysknawleg(e, -knaulage. [Knawlag(e n. Cf. Misknowledge.]

1. a. Want of discernment, understanding or judgement. b. Lack of knowledge, ignorance. c. Inaccurate knowledge, misunderstanding. c1420 Ratis R. 834.
The mast motyve that I of red, That is misknawlege of ȝouthed
Ib. 1420.
And jugment beis al forȝet And vilfulnes and mysknawleg Ay wodly weildand
1513 Doug. viii. iv. 4.
Na superstitioun vayn Nor misknawlage of goddis ancyane
a1540 Freiris Berw. 245.
Allace, Be misknawlege I had almaist misgane
1558–9 Statut. Sc. Ch. 157.
The ignorance and misknawladge [of the sacraments]
1561 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 111.
In the tyme of blindnes and mysknawlege of the treuth
1566 Acts To reader iii.
Misknawlege is ane maner … of excusatioun to mony men of thair fault
1567 Reg. Privy C. I. 585.
Misknawlege of the valu of sic unlauchfull bandis
1570 Warrender P. MS. 130.
Quhat hattret the misknawlege of men in thair awin placis hes generat
1576–7 Reg. Privy C. II. 581. 1578 Ib. 702.
Vpoun misknawlege that thay pertene [to] his majestie
a1578 Pitsc. II. 75/12.
1585 Acts III. 375/2. 1586 Reg. Privy C. IV. 108.
1592 Acts III. 574/1. 1622-6 Bisset I. 79/28.

2. The failure to know or understand or to recognize or acknowledge God or His glory. 1549 Compl. 27/21.
To puneis us for the mysknaulage of His magestie
Ib. 125/29.
Ther dissolutione and the mysknaulage of God … is the cause of my impatiens
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. cvi. 1.
Off God the misknawlege, Off sin the grit vsage

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"Misknawlage n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Apr 2023 <>



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