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Mart, n.1 Also: marte, martt, mert(e, mertt, mairt(t, meart, meirt. [North. ME. mart (1307–8), Sc. and Ir. Gael. and Early Ir. mart a beef-cow. Also in the mod. Sc. and north. Eng. dial.] In some, at least of the earlier instances, the form mert is prob. merely an editorial representation of the abbreviated form mart.

1. An ox or cow fattened for slaughter, a beef-ox or -cow. Applied both to the animal on the hoof and to the carcase after slaughter. With numerous defining terms as mart of beif, of ky, fed or slaughter mart, quik (also leiffand) or deid mart, mart on the feit etc., fresch or salt mart, custom, gild or scat mart, etc., and see also, under the various attributive nouns, gers-, girs-mart, grassum- and kane-mart, lardenare-mart, ladinar-mart etc., and rinmart. (a) In custodia martorum et porcorum; 1326 Exch. R. I. 57.
1328 Ib. 121.
1342 Ib. 514.
Pro lez martis … debitis de terris de Scoulogmore; 1444 Ib. V. 168.
1458 Ib. VI. 483.
The tother fourty markis to be pait … in ber and martis; 1467 Lennox Mun. 79.
A salt mart; 1479 Acta Conc. I. 33/2.
Fyffty gud martis … til oure lardner in Striueling; 1482 Fam. Rose 149.
xij marte viii mutones; 1494 Exch. R. in
Elgin Rec. I. 21.
For xvij martis of beif … ilk mart oure hede xvij s.; 1497 Treas. Acc. I. 343.
[Stolen:] xiij qwyk martis, iij deid martis; 1500–1 Acta Conc. II. 477.
1508 Rentale Dunkeld. 65.
1509 Ib. 66.
1510 Ib. 114; etc.
1512 Treas. Acc. IV. 459.
Ib. 462.
Of fresche martis xx powderit in xij barrellis and ane puncion; 1513 Ib. 492.
Ane mart of salt beiff; 1516–17 14th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. iii. 82.
1528 Stirling B. Rec. I. 33.
The seriandis to tak of every mutone bouk ane leg for thair travell and of ane mart the houch [etc.]; 1529 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 102.
1529–30 Treas. Acc. V. 386.
For iiij martis on the feit; 1533 Ib. VI. 164.
1537 Reg. Privy S. II. 369/1.
1538 Ib. 401/1.
Sa mony marttis mwtone quhytt and malt as the army thynkkis may staik tham; 1548–9 Corr. M. Lorraine 287.
Payand … half ane quarter of ane mart; 1549 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 434.
1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 26.
For presenting to the mercat croce … ane mart without heid, feit or hyde; 1577 Inverness Rec. I. 258.
[Buying] quik martis leiffand on thair feit for four or fyff merkis the pece; 1578 Ib. 265.
iiij markis money restand of the blak mart thir tua ȝeiris bygane; 1595 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 94.
The saidis martis of ky; 1597 Paisley B. Rec. 206.
The haill tennentis that payis martis or ordanit to pay thame befoir Halumes; 1626 Urie Baron Ct. 62.
Six custome wedders and ane custome mart; 1657 Bk. Dunvegan I. 83.
16.. Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. III. 324.
(b) The landis of Strathde … with all proffittis, custumis, mertis, woddis [etc.]; 1504 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 216.
v salt mertis … twa fresche martis; 1516 Fam. Rose 188.
j merta herbalis xxxij s., xvij mutounes boukis [¥4/7/10d.]; 1525 Household Bks. Jas. V 3.
1558 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 491.
1571 Misc. Spald. C. II. 79.
In ane little yllan callit Collinsaye [he] … slew ane numir of merttis; 1615 Highland P. III. 256.
3 mertis; 1619 Argyll Rentals I. i.
(c) vii scat mairtis; 1503 Orkney Rentals i. 63.
To sell the saikles as ane slauchter mairt; ? 1572 Sat. P. xxxvi. 117.
The said Williame gaif to him ane ȝoung ox to be ane mairt; 1591 Digest Justiciary Proc. O. 22.
Thow … saw ane fed mairt standand in the hous; 1596 Misc. Spald. C. I. 95.
Of fleshers being burgesses and slaying mairts with their awin hands; Skene Reg. Maj. i. 156 b.
That they [fleshers] pairt and deill thair mairtis quick; 1603 R. Brown Paisley I. 222.
1605 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 230.
Ane quarter mairt half ane wedder; 1619 Argyll Rentals I. 2.
1620 Stirling B. Rec. I. 152.
Ane of the mairttis at Mertimes nixtocum; 1622 Old Ross-shire I. 181.
1638 Aboyne Rec. 283.
(d) And ane gyld meart to complyt payment for the said three fardene land; 1534 Rec. Earld. Orkney 218.
(e) To pay … xiiij l. as for the price of ane meirt in respect of his noncompeirance; 1606 Melrose Reg. Rec. I. 16.
b. fig. As for the fed-marts of this world, the Lord … has appointed them for slaughter; R. Bruce Serm. 166.

2. As the type of a clumsy, inactive, over-weight body. The young pepill … quhen time occurris of weir … ar sa … soft, thay pas on hors as hevy martis; Bell. Boece I. lxi.

3. transf. The dead body, the carcase, of a (self-)slain person. [He] … Slewit hym-self … And offerit to the fend that mart; Leg. S. ii. 842.

4. Attrib. and comb. (in sense 1). a. Mart kow, ox, also mart-laidner-cow and (pl.) mart-cattellky. For twa fatt mart ky aucht punds xiij s.; 1567 Edinb. Test. I. 57 b.
Sex mairt oxin price of the pece vj li.; 1575 Ib. III. 355.
[For] sex scoir peces of mart cattell ky; 1599 Paton Mackintosh Mun. 53.
Ane mairt cow and ane stirk; 1599 Brechin Test. I. 180.
Tua tedderit mairt oxin at xx li. the pece; 1608 Edinb. Test. XLIV. 23.
Ane fed mairt kow pryce xiij lib. 6s. 8d.; 1625 Brechin Test. IV. 207.
1669 Argyll Justic. Rec. I. 7.
For payment of a mart laidner-cow out of each parish; 1694 Fountainhall Decis. I. 638.
He can clame … for silver rent … mairtkyn or servise; 1696 Galloway P. 24 Feb.

b. transf. Mart muttoun, schepe, wedder, a sheep for slaughtering, a mutton-sheep. The compter charges him with all the kane cheis … all the kane stirkis … all the mert scheip; 1617 Montgomery Mem. 263.
1 kayne wedder scheip one mairt muttoun; 1619 Argyll Rentals I. i.
2 mairts, 2 mart wedders, 1 wedder; Ib. 2.

c. Mart silver, a money payment in lieu of a payment in kind in marts. To be … pait … of all males, fermes, gressumys, mertis, mert siluer, irne and all vthir dieweteis … that pertenis … to hir hienes; 1520 Red Bk. Menteith II. 370.
Terras … extendentes in firma et grassuma et le mart-silvire ad [¥17. 4s. 4d.]; 1535 Reg. Great S. 332/2.
Kayne mert silvir extendis be ȝeir to [¥427]; 1561 Reg. Dunferm. 444.
1575 Exch. R. XX. 224.
To my lord marshell maister of the ground for the siluer maill v lib. Mair to him for mart siluer vj lib. xiij s. 9 d.; 1612 Brechin Test. II. 249 b.
The soume off fyftie ane punds six shilling eight pennies Scots … for the Mertinmes few mailes and mertsilver 1683 and Witsundayes fewmailes 1684; 1684 Discharge for feu-duties in
Atholl Mun. 9 July.
1698 Ib. 24 Jan.

d. Mairtis puddein, a pudding made from the blood and offal of a slaughtered mart. To the mairtis puddeinis ij lip[pie of meal]; 1590 Black Bk. Taymouth 301.

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"Mart n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Jan 2020 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/mart_n_1>



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