A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Mak, Make, v.1 Also: mac, mack(e, (mok), mak(k)-; maik(e, mayk, mea(c)k(e, meakke; mek. P.t. and p.p. mad(e, maad, madde; maid(e, mayd(e, mayed, maed, mead(e, meadde, med(e, meid, meyd, meed. P.t. also makyt, maked. P.p. also makit, -yd, makin, -yn; mak. [ME. makie(n, make(n, later (14–16th c.) mak, mack, also (13th c.) imper. mac, p.t. maked, -et, maad(e, mad(e, p.p. y-), i)maked, -ma(a)d, -mad(e, OE. macian, p.t. macode, p.p. ᵹemacod: cf. also Ma v. The pres. t. form with the lengthened vowel appears as make, maik, mea(c)k. The greater prevalence of the type with the unlengthened vowel is however indicated by the more frequent occurrence of the spellings mak, mack, makk-. The latter form has been explained as arising from an early uninflected imper. form perh. like Lat v.1, but it appears that following -k may have tended in any case to inhibit this lengthening or cause shortening as also in tak (= take), brek (= break), dik Dyke, etc.] The spellings maik, mea(c)k, appear to be common only in texts localised to Fife and the south, ? especially the southeast, which agrees with the modern regional distribution of the form with the original lengthened vowel.
A. The simple verb.
1. tr. To make with or as with the hands, to manufacture.
As, to fashion or construct (a material object), produce or concoct (something) from ingredients, prepare (food), build and kindle (a fire).
Also, to make (something) to (= for) one, or const. dative pron.
And, to make (one thing) of (the raw material) and, in passive, (to be) made of = (to be) manufactured from, to consist of (a certain material or substance).
(a) Tha ylk men sal mak in ylk chapel … a wyndow; 1387 Edinb. Chart. 35.
To mac the half of the calse; 1434 Liber Coll. Glasg. 249.
As ane hamyr is ane instrument to mak a knyf wyth; Cr. Deyng (S.T.S.) 173.
Leiffe … to mak land stell and dame forganis my said landis; 1466 Reg. Dunferm. 356.
To tuenty pyonaris … to mak gait before the culvering bastard; 1544 Treas. Acc. VIII. 328.
Thow sall not mak to thy self ony grauin image; G. Ball. 2.
The gray freir moks [sic] the shone; 1571 Sat. P. xxix. 13.
[Stallangers not to] mak moss at thair awin hand; 1632 Cullen B. Ct. 27 April.
Mack; 1657 Glasg. B. Rec. II. 358.
To macke … ane knock; 1672 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 278.
1690 Peebles B. Rec. II. 133.
(b) Gold-smythis, quhilkis layis and makkis fals mixtouris of ewill metale; 1489 Acts II. 221/1.
Syne … throu the yet ane large wyndo [he] makkis; Doug. ii. viii. 76.
Mackand all maner of graitht thairof new forgit; 1547 Stirling B. Rec. I. 45.
(c) He couth of a hennis hed Make a mane mes; Howlat 780.
Frahand thay make breid; Dalr. I. 95/12.
(d) Gif scho makis ivil ale; Acts I. 33/2.
Thai calceand and makand the sade strete agane; 1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 239/1.
Of malt maid & makand foure chalder; 1576 Edinb. Test. IV. 350 b.
(e) At the smyths sall pass onder the tounes banner quhill thai maik ane of thair awn; 1532 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. II. 99.
(f) I haue … bein intending to meack a boulin-grin; 1657 Wemyss Corr. 102.
(b, c), (1) Of ydolis … That war na makaris bot war mad; Leg. S. xvi. 232.
And thare he mad … A wall; Wynt. v. 1749.
A cassit collere of gold made like suannis; 1488 Treas. Acc. I. 85.
To Sir Gawane thei haith o lytter maad; Lanc. 2147.
1511 Treas. Acc. IV. 278.
vi bandes new mad of holland; 1583 Sc. Ant. I. 77.
(b) A cruk thai maid … Of irn; Barb. x. 363.
Syk thing sulde be maid in a hate place; Hay II. 143/21. Seven S. 1802.
1503 Treas. Acc. II. 203.
Thay … maid thame breikis of leuis grene; Lynd. Mon. 985.
Scho … maid the fyre, syne set the pote thairon; Clar. iii. 928.
Tua quhyt wobbis maid & ane quhyt wob in ȝarne; 1584 Edinb. Test. XIII. 335 b.
Luik that grottis be maid aganis our hame ganging; 1585–6 Waus Corr. 346.
(c) How that his packmantie was maed; 1583 Sempill Sat. P. xlv. 564.
(d) After the brithall clothes were meade; 1664 Lamont Diary 169.
(e) Ane fair mirrour … Quhairof it makit was I haue na feill; Doug. Pal. Hon. iii. 190.
(f) Within the lystis for the triumphe mak [: slak]; Doug. viii. x. 92.
(2) Fals godis … That are mad of stok ore stane; Leg. S. xx. 337.
Of lawest lyme of erd al maid are we; Liber Plusc. I. 384 (B).
The bryg … Off gud playne burd was weill and junctly maid; Wall. vii. 1148.
Hairtis ar maid of hard flynt stone; Dunb. xxi. 47.
Of thaim [sc. the elements] ar maid all levand creature; Bell. Boece I. viii.
The foirsaid bruuage meed of Christis bluid; J. Stewart 209. § 39.
1598 Crim. Trials II. 75.
b. Said of God the Creator, of Nature, and also (in passive) without specification of the maker.
Weill made, (of a person) well-built, well-fashioned, sturdy, good-looking.
(1) Thame [the Ethiopians] kynde blak had made; Leg. S. x. 35.
Goddys will Wes nevyr to mak hys werkys ill; Wynt. v. 5278.
Quhare wes Eve mad? Ib. 5291.
God maid twa grete lichtis in hevin; Hay I. 24/16.
Henr. III. 99/92.
Irland Mir. I. 24/7, 59/11.
Dunb. xlvi. 108.
Winȝet II. 44/21.
(2) For [hands] ar instrumentis wys And maid to serf of gud seruice; Ratis R. 232.
He thocht him maid on the mold makles of mycht; Howlat 902.
This ȝung man … mervellit mekle of his makdome maid; Henr. III. 118/18.
Nakit as thay wer maid; Lynd. Mon. 799.
(3) Off lymmys he wes weill maid, With banys gret & schuldrys braid; Barb. i. 385.
He … was of bodie the liklyest … weill maid at all fassoun; Rolland Seven S. 8378.
2. To compose, compile, make up (a literary work, etc.); also, to devise, invent (a game). b. absol.
[St. Luke] gestis … put in wryt & syne of thame al mad a buke; Leg. S. xiv. 29.
Off the quhilkis twa digniteis thare is grete langage maid in haly writt; Hay I. 210/19.
Had thair bein mair made of this sang; Peblis to Play 256.
Perses … the sport of ches he maid; Bk. Chess 194.
Clerk of Tranent … That maid the anteris of Gawane; Dunb. iv. 66.
Id. xlviii. 28.
To mak meter, richt cunning and expart; Rolland Seven S. Prol. 21.
Ane form of ditement maid for caus of exercise and priuat studie; Winȝet I. 25/12.
Off thame quhome of that thai thair ballattis maik; Maitland Maitl. F. cv. 6.
b. I will to my first mater as I eir maid; Howlat 632.
My heid did ȝak ȝesternicht This day to mak that I na micht; Dunb. lxxviii. 2.
Lang heff I maed of ladyes quhytt, Nou of an blak I will indytt; Id. Maitl. F. clxviii. 1.
Maister Williame Stewart, To mak in Scottis, richt weill he knew that art; Rolland Seven S. Prol. 25.
3. a. To devise, also, to arrange, organise (an entertainment).
To mak a dans again Vphaly day; 1494 Treas. Acc. I. 233.
That … your nichtbour is chosin to be Litiljohn for to mak sportis … in the toun; 1518 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 176.
b. To give (a feast, dinner).
And he resauit thame richt gladly, And maid a fest and gladsum cher; Barb. xvii. 5.
He … maid thame fest with … gle; Ib. 908.
Irland Asl. MS. I. 41/9.
The tyme Dauid Freland [etc.] … maid the daner; 1548 Edinb. Hammermen 176 b.
Ilk ȝeir … Ane banket royall wald he maik [: saik]; Lynd. Meldrum 1558.
4. To draw up (a formal document).
Cf. 30 g, h, i.
Ane summondis mak Aganis that day; Henr. Fab. 2691.
To mak sele and deliver to hir ane letter of tak in dew forme; 1498 Acta Conc. II. 194.
He dredis that the stelaris [of his seal] … hes … maid fals lettrez and endentouris on his behalff; 1507–8 Reg. Privy S. I. 238/1.
That tha may caus mak inuintour thairof to be keipit; 1550 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 277.
Thai haiff gart me maik ane new testament; 1551 Prot. Bk. W. Corbet 15.
Ane clerk to mak and write the rollis; Balfour Pract. 273.
Ane libel is ane petitioun maid in writ be the persewar; Ib. 313.
The juste note mad of the goodes … in a new cheste; 1583 Sc. Ant. I. 77.
Ane submission mead and subscrybed be my Lord of Skoon; 1605 Laing MSS. I. 103.
5. To produce by some action, cause to exist (a material thing or physical phenomenon).
As a mark, wound, hole, picture, sound, etc.
Thair ledderis … maid a clap quhen [etc.]; Barb. x. 401.
Quhar thai com, thai maid thaim gat; Ib. xiii. 202.
Leg. S. ii. 920.
Thaire fayis … Sloppys in syndry placis mad; Wynt. v. 3267.
Alexanderis baner braid Quhairin his awin figure was maid; Alex. i. 1638.
Gif the forster be him allan, he aw till mak a cors in till the erde; Acts I. 323/2.
Mak; Dunb. Flyt. 56;
Id. ix. 157.
The watry clowdis that makis thundris beir; Doug. viii. vi. 98.
Maid; Bell. Boece I. xliv.
Ane covertour of the tries … quhilk makis ane glansing shaddow on the watter; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. i. 164.
Ane holl in the milne flour mead be the hors; 1672 Stirling Common Good 76 b.
O that God would let louse the law to make din in your bosoms; M. Bruce Rattling Dry Bones 17.
6. To bring about, effect (a state of affairs, etc.).
To mak na stede, to effect nothing, prove useless: see Stede n.
(1) Thus gat maid thai thar acquentance; Barb. ii. 167.
To mak on thaim fell martyre; Troy-bk. ii. 2187.
We think … to make finable accorde betwix thaim in this mater; 1416 Liber Melros 539.
To … mak pes … with the King of Fraunce; Hay I. 231/16.
At … [these] lordis he wald his counsell tak And all his ordinance be thame mak; Alex. (Taym.) 902.
On thair enemys gret martirdome thai maik; Wall. iii. 381.
This makis it, thow art cled with our men; Ib. x. 141.
Gar mak scilens that all may heire; Seven S. 2645.
Into the Katryne thou maid a foull cahute; Kennedy Flyt. 449.
Pryd … Lyk to mak vaistie wanis; Dunb. xxvi. 18.
Thame … that makkis trubill or perturbatioun; 1531 Mill Mediæv. Plays 124.
His wyfe that sall I tell, To mak hir acquentance with my sell; Lynd. Kitteis Conf. 18.
It maid na mis quhat madinnis thai miscareit; Scott i. 75.
To maike the Kingis keyes; 1577 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. 36.
Sic ane seiknes hes he tane … leitches mycht mak no remeid; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv. 291.
Makkis; 1584 Misc. Bann. C. I. 87.
To make opin doores and use his maiesties keyes; 1628 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 292.
Maiking humiliations and commotions in the countrey; 1654 Laing MSS. I. 292.
(2) The fals nacioun … thai mak ws ay ado; Wall. viii. 1734.
Till all his folk a gret conford he maid; Ib. x. 650.
All the laif … [that] To Scotland dalie that tyme maid grit cummer; Stewart 39931.
Quhair throw he suddenlie thocht to mak ane bar to the King him self; Pitsc. I. 62/33.
b. To mak liklynes, to give the impression: see Liklynes n. 1 c.
7. To give rise to, be the cause of, result in.
Quhat tua thingis makes ȝow maist lyking … into leill lufing; Alex. ii. 2448.
Outtragius hardement made his dede; Ib. 2964.
Of Pirrus … The story ȝit maid no memore; Troy-bk. ii. 2359.
Rebellioun engenderis inymitee, inymitee makis weris and slauchteris; Hay II. 86/32.
Reubarbe … makis suete aynd; Ib. 122/20.
Bot I haif mervell … Quhat makis thé this wanrufe; Henr. Robene & M. 28.
Misgovernit ȝowth makis gowsty age; Bann. MS. 255 a/29.
Oft the hand in the almerie maks litle breid; Carmichael Prov. No. 1407.
8. To institute, establish, found.
Dynys Bachus … Argos mad in Grece thareft; Wynt. ii. 624.
Quhen the Emperour Constantyn … be his treaty maid a generalé counsaile; Hay I. 21/11.
As … the Kyng of France makkis the ordour of the cokkil, the Kyng of Ingland makkis the ordour of … the gartan; Compl. 148/17, 18.
Your reformation … is lykar to the reformation of Turkes … nor to ane reformation maid be Christian men; 1580 Hay in Cath. Tr. (S.T.S.) 59/24.
9. To appoint, ordain or enact (a date, term, regulation, law, etc.).
To make the terme to (an employee). to give notice to.
Til Cesar gert mak Set day quhen he … Suld ger al wrangis mendyt be; Leg. S. xxxi. 441.
Nane end that tyme makyd wes … off lang trew; Wynt. ix. 1089.
We have noucht maid na condicion … of the landis of Carncorse; 1465 Crawford Mun. Invent. I. 29.
Quhilk ac wes mad tha xx day of Januar; 1557 Inverness Rec. I. 8.
Respecting the … lawis … mead anent the setting of fewes; 1587 (16..) Orkney & Sh. Rec. I. 209.
To mack ordinances for the paiss … of bread; 1653 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 135.
To tak tuo honest townesmen who know best the valeritie of the landis to mak a just yeirly rent thairto; 1661 Rothesay B. Rec. 69.
My wyfe having made this present time the terme to on Isobell Atkinson her wardroper upon an offence … which shall be nameless; 1685 Glamis Bk. Record 87.
10. To fix (a price).
The price made to the common profite; 1423 Edinb. Chart. 56.
Bot preistis will tak and his [sc. Christ's] price mak For les be mony fauld [sc. than Judas']; G. Ball. 191.
We would all buy Christ, so being we might make price our selves; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1671) 186.
James Stewart cordinar to taste ther aile and make the pryce therof; 1673 Rothesay B. Rec. 319.
11. To get together, assemble, collect (something consisting of a group of units).
That thai suld mak ane assemble; Barb. i. 146.
That na … persone mak convocacione of the Kingis legis; 1497–8 Acta Conc. II. 101.
To mak ane body of the ciuile and municipale lawis; 1567 Acts III. 40/2.
Bisset II. 199/7.
12. To appoint or create (holders of offices, tenancies, or the like); also, to produce, create, cause persons to become (scholars, whores, etc.).
(1) Schyrreffys and bailȝheys maid he then; Barb. i. 190.
Scho … sawe this abbot [was] new maid; Wynt. v. 1682.
Fwll power to mak rasonabyll tenandis; 1476 Peebles B. Rec. I. 177.
Mak ane hird to the ingers; 1509 Prestwick B. Rec. 41.
He thocht bot ane small matter to mak knichtis; Pitsc. I. 25/23.
1587 Acts III. 459/1.
The leets were made; Scot Narr. 146.
(2) The said maistir Hary … has mede under him gude and perite scolaris; 1524 Holyrood Chart. 257.
Quhow ȝe haif maid a hundreth thousand huris; Lynd. Test. Pap. 1063.
Lang or drinking mak a laird; Carmichael Prov. No. 1035.
b. To make (a certain kind of person) of (one).
Off him thai makyt a martyr; Barb. i. 284.
Quhen he makis … sereffis … of othir lawlyar men na knychtis; Hay II. 21/23.
Thou may mak of thy frend thy fa for [etc.]; Ib. 153/5.
In faith ȝe mak na messingere of me Quhill I haue first [etc.]; Alex. (Taym.) 3486.
Sum maikis bot a boynd of thare wife; Abell 92 a.
13. To make one thing of (also be) another.
As by converting the other thing etc. to a new form or function.
(1) Til he of watere mad the wyne; Leg. S. Prol. 58.
Ib. . 944.
Thai off thame [sc. the men] made na hurde Bot in the se kest thame oure burde; Wynt. vii. 2587.
Of his speir he maid trounschoun; Alex. ii. 1229.
Of handis and heidis … He maid ane lardnare; Ib. 4520.
Nature … That thus has maid … ane monstour of me; Howlat 72.
Thai luf nocht to mak of blak quhyt, Mak gud man ill, na ill man quyt; Thewis Wysmen 156.
A fat made of a malvasy bote; 1477 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 408.
Sapore maid ane stule of his bak; Bell. Boece I. 200.
Can ȝe nocht mak a heilandman of this hors tourd? Bann MS. 162 b/4.
Greidie and neidie … wating to mak his prey of the soumes of contraventioun; Melvill 275.
They fell to macke havocke of all the fruict trees; J. Gordon Hist. III. 252.
(2) Now mek [A. mark] ȝour mirrour be me, all maner of man; Howlat 970 (B).
b. To make anything of, to turn to account, to find a use for. c. To maik sens(e out of.
If Christ can make anything of my naughtie … love to him; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1671) 136.
To maik sens out of my skriblen; 1666 Laing MSS. I. 354.
14. a. To earn, gain, realise (money, profit). b. To obtain (one's livelihood).
Const. by, of the means.
a. That we suld haif maid money of our penny worthis; 1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 46.
By thair losses & thair harmes this proffeit did I mak; Fowler I. 67/6.
And I had send gair in Scotland to mak money to satisfie yow; 1596 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 65.
b. The commownis … Can na thing keip in thair possessioun Quhairof that thai may mak ane lyfe; Maitland Maitl. F. cx. 5.
Some mack a lyveliehoode … by setting … pairtes of the said mos; 1678 Rec. Old Aberd. I. 132.
c. To win, take (a trick) at cards.
Ha, ha, the four kinges and all maid; Knox I. 262.
15. To mak (mekill etc.) of: to have a (high etc.) opinion of, to value highly; to treat with (great etc.) favour; and in indirect passive.
(1) Hyme that mykil of hyre mad; Leg. S. xxx. 350.
[He] let hyre wit he gold hade & scho the fare mare of hym made; Ib. xxxv. 35.
This kyng mony sonnys had, Off ane off tha yhit mast he made; Wynt. iii. 1044.
Of proud persons, … He makes meikle of his painted sheits; Ferg. Prov. (1641) ii.
[She] claped the calfe and maid meikell of it; 1649 Rec. Old Aberd. II. 36.
(2) He was thar with the King of Yngland lang tyme and was mekle maid of; Asl. MS. I. 239/10.
With ȝour wyfis thir two so muche maid of; 1572 Sat. P. xxxiii. 340.
b. intr. To mak of (something or someone): to esteem or value highly; to treat with favour.
Serve thi maister weil … And … mak of al thing that he mais; Consail Vys Man 100.
The pert fulys wenis that na man suld be maid of bot fulys with grete men; Wisd. Sol. (S.T.S.) 446.
That they war neuer med off bot to serve vthe[r] folkes tournes; c 1580 Mary in 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. viii. 9.
Wald ȝe be made of, ȝe man mak it nyce; Montg. Misc. P. xlii. 17.
16. To draw (a distinction), to differentiate. To entertain (a scruple), to raise (a difficulty). To mak conscience of, to be conscientious about.
(1) He makis na difference of the Lordis body and blude; G. Ball. 6.
(2) The quhilk [drinksilver] I meid difficultie to allow quhill [etc.]; 1599 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 322.
Lipining that your ladyship will mak no furder scrupule; 1630 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 323.
Though many of them were bare enough, they made no bones to give 15 of the 100 of exchange; Kirkton Hist. 66.
(3) [A fast because] little conscience made of solemne oaths and vowes; 1650 Rothiemay Kirk S. in
J. Gordon's Hist. I. App. lvi.
That he made conscience of lifting his bonnet; 16.. Wodrow Hist. IV. 316.
Ministers to … mak conscience in observing punctuallie the appointed dyets; 1677 Dunblane Synod 117.
17. To recognise in classification (a certain number of kinds).
The wickit dum pastour, of the quhilk we mak thre kyndis; Winȝet I. 12/19.
18. To be the material or components of, togo to form.
Thare suld lytill leve behynd Off warpe, or weffte, to mak hyre clath; Wynt. v. 5057.
A hundreth pund of threde to mak kellis; Bute MS. fol. 171 in
Acts I. 305/2.
To mak ane croune for the quene, xxxvij leois [etc.]; 1503 Treas. Acc. II. 206.
For cords to bynd and mak ane lang ledder to James Wod quha wes hedit, xij d.; 1555 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 299.
Making ane baye; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. ii. 23.
Ane skyn off broune ledder to mak latchettis to the thre grene claythis; 1595 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. MS. 565.
b. To amount to, add up to.
(1) This makis five of thre multiplicat; Henr. Orph. 236 (Asl.).
xxiiij hors makand vj cartill; 1515 Treas. Acc. V. 27.
Tua bollis … vith the cheritye and tua peckis makand in the haill nyn firlaithis; 1567 Crail B. Ct. 10 Nov.
Ten hides makis ane daiker; Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplaith.
Many litles makis a meikle; Ferg. Prov. MS. No. 1071.
Three windows … quhilk in all maks 38 foote; 1654 Ellon Par. Rec. 143.
(2) 5 of them meade a coram; 1669 Lamont Diary 212.
c. Of a quality: To be sufficient to constitute.
Treuth … and iustice, Thir four maikis ane nobill king; Maitl. F. lx. 36.
d. To mak it, ? to be enough, to suffice, to ‘do’.
Hutie cuittie a boue of beir will mak it; Carmichael Prov. No. 644.
19. a. To amount to, signify, matter (much, not, etc.).
Quhat makis that? What does that matter?
Suppos sum ignoraunt men wald say gold is metall and na coloure, that makis nocht; Hay I. 283/8.
Quhat makis it avale? Seven S. 2108.
Quhat makis that to thé? Stewart 31668.
To persuade the erroure the authoritie of Origine mot appere to mak mekle; Winȝet II. 50/26.
He answers, Schir, that makis na mater; Lyndesay Pref. 4.
It maid noght gif they contented them with they words; R. Bruce Serm. 74.
It maks not of the fead, quhair the freindschip dow not; Carmichael Prov. No. 973.
b. Of evidence or an argument or admission: intr. To avail, be effective, ‘tell’, for or against (one side or the other). c. Of a judgement: To make with, ? to go against.
b. The lawys imperialle … Makys for the Brows Robert And noucht for Jhon the Ballyollis part; Wynt. viii. 751.
Acceptand the sext exceptioun in so fer as it makis for us; 1561 Reg. Privy C. I. 182;
1565 St. A. Kirk S. 252;
1572 Canongate Ct. Bk. 388.
That exampill … Aganis my purpois makis nathing; 1573 Davidson Sat. P. xlii. 606.
It apeiris thay haif revin out sum instrumentis that makis aganis thame; 1597 Maxwell Mem. II. 187.
Quhair he ansers it [an admission] maks for the sesioun; 1633 Kirkcaldy Presb. 53.
c. Gif the dome makis with the pairtie be resson of ane peremptoure exceptioun, the haill action makis with him; Bisset I. 286/9.
e. tr. To signify, imply, ‘mean’ (that something is the case).
That dois nawayis maik That wemen wicked bein; Maitl. Q. xxxv. 194.
20. To mak faith, to possess credence, to be valid or trustworthy.
[To] furth seik scriptouris, autentike cronikis and approbat quhilk makis fayth; 1554 Misc. Bann. C. III. 70.
That nochtwithstanding of the admissioun of the saidis witnes … thair depositionis mak na faith; 1562 Reg. Privy C. I. 227.
That the instrument … mak nae fayth heirefter; 1569 Prot. Bk. J. Scott MS. 86.
Ye know ony evident will mak faith suppose it want a seal; R. Bruce Serm. 71.
Bisset II. 68/11.
1629 Justiciary Cases I. 114.
21. reflex. To prepare or set oneself, to make ready or to exert oneself to (till) do something or for (to) some action, to set about doing it. Also intr.
(1) Gif a blynd man makis him to be a helpare [etc.]; Hay I. 233/28.
Ye mak you till excerse and oysse the kepyng of the … fayr with wrangwis customis; 1460 Ayr Charters 34.
The King was wrath, and maid hym to ramuff; Wall. i. 68.
Asl. MS. I. 197/9.
Bell. Boece (1821) I. 181.
Buch. Wr. 24.
Bann. Memor. 74.
Neuertheles sum men meid thame nevir to amend thair lyffis bot rather became daylie wors; Pitsc. I. 30/21.
1630 Rutherford Lett. (1862) I. 64.
intr. I wald mak to plant his rute agane; Dunb. lxiv. 14.
Quhen maist he makis him self for to distroy; Rolland Seven S. 2060.
The gouernour makes to resist his forse; Dalr. II. 271/29.
(2) The Irland folk than maid thaim for the flicht; Wall. vii. 847.
Of his band he maid a bred And to the danceing soin he him med; Dunb. liii. 45 (M).
Whill the portar maid him for defence, his head was brokin; Knox I. 175.
He quha wald be ane minister suld mak him for warfair, mak him for paine and labour; 1599 Rollock Wks. I. 411.
We lerned the buikis … teachit be our awin Regent and maid us for our Vicces and Blakstens; Melvill 28.
The said Issobell Haldane … desyreit hir to mak hir for deith; 1623 Crim. Trials II. 537.
intr. We maid for the jorney hame ower; Melvill 227.
b. To prepare (oneself) to go, to set out or to proceed (in the direction etc. stated by an adverb or adv. phrase of motion or direction). Also c. intr.
b. Thai of Paris maid thame then … For thare kingis delyverance; Wynt. viii. 7078.
He … Armit his oist and maid him for the toun; Alex. (Taym.) 3124.
No wattir he tuk, bot maid him to the meit; Wall. x. 532.
Thir v thus maid thaim to Wallace; Ib. xi. 613.
Makand hir hame his awin wife he saw; Rolland Seven S. 2332.
He maid him in to the place; Bann. Memor. 484.
Ye that mak you for the city that hath the foundations; 1591 R. Bruce Serm. 242.
Lithgow Trav. 261.
c. That the saidis chapellanis mak na wayis to the court of Rome; 1496–7 Acta Conc. II. 63.
Gif ony persoun … ran to hiddillis quhen vther maid to were; Boece i. viii. 54.
The gudman maid to the dur; Wyf Awcht. 114.
Grit men maid in courte unto him [sc. Rizzio] and thair sutes wer the better heard; Knox II. 422.
Mak of the towne; 1570 Sempill Sat. P. xii. 174.
Thay vnto Sanctandrois maid; 1573 Davidson
Ib. xlii. 985.
The Inglischemen knawing of his coming maid foir him; Pitsc. I. 288/19.
1586 Soc. Ant. IV. 423.
I … hawing ordour … to mack for the Ile of Wicht; 1628 Colquhoun Chart. II. 198.
Desire him to make home-ouer; Rutherford Lett. (1894) 28.
d. tr. To prepare, make ready (another) (for something, etc.).
Make you and them for your proper owner, Christ; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 275.
He gives them … a second blast to make them for the battle; 1638 Henderson Serm. 497.
e. intr. To maik for (something), to arrange for, see to.
Caus … maik for suir advertisment in tha parttis, that tha be nocht stoun on; 1548–9 Corr. M. Lorraine 292.
22. tr. To prepare, make ready, in various idiomatic uses.
a. To cure and pack (herring). b. To prepare, make up (a bed). c. To set (sail).
a. Send to Horne for a man to mak heryn; 1503 Halyb. 276.
1507 Treas. Acc. III. 279.
All persones … quha hes maid saltit and pakit ony herring; 1580 Crail B. Ct. MS. 20 Aug.
Heiring … fu llie pakit weill maid; 1590 Ib. 1 Sept.
1611 Conv. Burghs II. 535.
Since … no straingers … have libertie to barrell or mak fisch; 1675 Glasgow B. Rec. III. 205.
b. Scho maid thair bed and syn went doun away; Freiris Berw. 112.
c. Anchises … Bad ws mak saill and follow destany; Doug. iii. i. 19.
Ib. viii. 28.
Thay weyit thair ankeris and maid saill; Lynd. Meldrum 213.
Makand saill and viage fordwart furth of the port … of Nantis; 1562–3 Reg. Privy C. I. 230.
Date tela, facite vela, mak saill; Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. iv. 594.
1589 Douglas Chart. 296.
Befoir he maid saill tharfra to Cayndia; 1629 Brechin Test. IV. 358 b.
1665 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. II. 2.
d. To prepare (ground) for sowing, complete the tilling of.
In respect of the laitnes of making the beirland; 1630 Linlithgow B. Rec. 14 May.
e. To influence or persuade (a person) ? in advance, ? to ‘prime’.
Divers of the ministerie war wraitten for to that conventioun, bot sic as the King knew he could mak; Melvill 368.
The ministerie of the northe haillelie be fear and flatterie [being] maid for the purpose; Ib. 374.
23. To cause to be, to render. a. With adj. compl. Also absol.
For certain common collocations and set phrases, as to mak (oneself, another, a thing) bla and bludy, boun, certane, clene, clere, evin, fast, furthcummand, hale, manifest, moy, quite, redy, schort, sikker, subject, sure, wele, welecum, to mak the heichest stane the laichest, to mak mirry, see the adjectives.
(1) (a) Thai sall baptis ȝow and mak Habile Cristis kinrik to tak; Leg. S. ii. 231.
Ovre lord the Kyng … sall mak fre … the sexteyn ponde of anwell; 1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 34.
To mak ws till oure makare detestabile; Liber Plusc. I. 387.
As to the brekin of the said myln … the said Henry to … mak hir als gud … as scho was; 1478 Binns P. MS. No. 17.
Mak answer now, … Ȝour self excuse and mak ȝow foule or clene; K. Hart 622.
Vnto [the tyme] they cum and mak thame self gyld; 1560 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 89.
I … will not mak tham wyse that the writtis ar come till [etc.]; 1627 Misc. Hist. Soc. I. 91.
They ar sutch as will mack us rid off the trouble of that gang; 1667 Laing MSS. I. 357.
(b) It is the pwnt quhilk makkis the long perfyt in muid; Art of Music 20 b.
Work for nothing maks men deid sweir; Carmichael Prov. No. 1661.
Becaus quartermaisters tackis money and mackis frie whom thai plais; 1646 Aberd. Council Lett. III. 26.
(c) Justice makis riche … Bath king and knaif; Liber Plusc. 396.
Thou makist febill wight; Doug. iv. Prol. 43.
Quhais fructous fatis … Makis thair fame perpetuall; Stewart Bann. MS. 96 a/9.
Grit lawbor and cure Makis a man auld; Ib. 135 b/66.
(b) The king buskit and maid him ȝar; Barb. viii. 409.
Syke ȝunge men … Of al hyre gud mad hyr so bare That [etc.]; Leg. S. vii. 686.
God thai bestis mad sa mek That [etc.]; Ib. xlvii. 181.
We made our lyffyng les in our tyme for lestand profyt to thaim; 1431 Reg. Great S. 45/1.
Gaddys off irne maid mony goym agast; Wall. viii. 778.
Ane derth quhilk maid the vittel scant; G. Ball. 35.
Ane litill kettill … quhilk he spilt in battering of it oure mekle, and maid it feble; 1586 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 263.
I causit give Lochnell, … ane schairg of horning … bot he had a protectione in his pockit, which mead it ineffectual; Carstairs Lett. 80.
(c) Bath def & blynd is he mad; Leg. S. xxi. 689.
All oure kynde … Lyk made to God and schapyne wes In … hys lyklynes; Wynt. i. 74.
That wattyr … sa schalde sulde be made that [etc.]; Ib. iv. 257.
The gallows … was madde hyger … then the ordinary gybbetts; 1650 Lamont Diary 18.
(b) The quhilkis has maid trouble that was clere undistroublit; Hay I. 29/9.
We … hes maid him lauchfull … to excers all lauchfull dedis; 1510 Reg. Privy C. I. 306/2.
And tharfor … he suld be mayd fre of hyr; 1565 St. A. Kirk S. 253.
And maid lesum to every man to haif his bible in Inglis; Leslie 171.
Edinburgh was all maid strenthie within; Pitsc. II. 251/9.
1586 Reg. Privy C. IV. 79.
The second storie of jeastholles to be maid in all sydes all alonges and maid good againe; 1648 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII. 184.
The first yeire that Jonet Stewart … was mayed big with child; 1662 Highland P. III. 29.
(c) I mycht … meed ȝour courage les; J. Stewart II. 60/132.
(d) This was the first stap mead easie for the McKenȝies; c 1630 Highland P. II. 269.
(e) The hardest hairt … With sueit meiknes it may be makin soft; Maitl. Q. lxvi. 72.
(2) absol. Hop[e] … Can weill mak blyth; Ratis R. (S.T.S.) 568.
Sum maikand glaid, and vther sum rycht sorie; Lynd. Test. Pap. 369.
For to mak schort, this beirer will tell ȝow the rest; Buch. Detect. (1727) 143.
b. To mak (it) moy, nice, teuch, to behave demurely, coyly, display reluctance, make difficulties, etc.: see the adjs. Hence to mak it sua.
Quhat neidis ȝow to maik it sua? Peblis to Play 75.
c. With the compl. a p.p. of a verb of knowledge or recognition, as to mak kend, knawin, kid: see Ken v. 22 b (2) and 23, Knaw v.1 19, Kyth(e v. 16.
[To] mak the catif of kynd till him self knawin; Howlat 940.
To mak the qualiteis and profeit thairof acknawledgeit; Skeyne Descr. Well 3.
That he had med yow forssein wyt it; 1586 Cal. Sc. P. IX. 147.
d. With a phrase as compl.
Troy wes Made as ane hors in lyklynes; Wynt. i. 1304.
How all the guidis betwix Tyne and Tueid was maid for the men of weir; Stewart II. 81 h.
Mekand the semple … membris of Christis body as ane gesting-stok; Winȝet I. 78/23.
As ane of thy seruandis thow me mak; G. Ball. 36.
Christ now hes maid me at one With God the Father; Ib. 172.
Mak me … that by thé I may loue na pleasure; King Cat. fol. 30.
24. With noun complement: To cause (a. a person, or, rarely, b. a thing) to become (what is denoted by the complement).
a. Sum men ware slane, sum begare made; Leg. S. xxxiv. 53.
[To] mak presonaris thair persouns; Hay I. 92/28.
[The qualities] Quhilk … makis pouer women princes peir; Gud Wyf & D. 4.
Say that I and ye Freindis ar maid and fellowis for ane yeir; Henr. Fab. 564 (Bass.).
[Love is] made a god of pepill indiscreit; Fowler I. 30/110.
That he … mycht with tim mak him self maister of the haill; Melville Mem. 43.
Ane uncouth face maks all the leave strangers; Carmichael Prov. No. 229.
b. (1) This loch … is now maid glare and myre; Dalr. I. 45/18.
All merchand schippes … salbe maid pryis; 1624 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 232.
(2) I hop dier Rothes … and you will mek it your ernest disayr to the King that hee wold [etc.]; c 1666 Laing MSS. 350.
c. To appoint (a person) to the office of, to raise to the dignity of, to designate, nominate or create.
Also reflex., to promote or appoint oneself.
Of Irland for to mak hym king; Barb. xiv. ii.
Schir Williame of Erskyn that was Newlyngis makyn knycht that day; Ib. xix. 375*.
Leg. S. xxi. 632, xxv. 502.
Forthy that we hafe made ordanit and stablisit our lufit squyer … our substitute; 1406 Slater Early Sc. Texts. No. 63.
A nwn mad be professyown; Wynt. vi. 1826.
That ilk day was mayd al tasterys Rob Mvrray [etc.]; 1456 Peebles B. Rec. I. iii.
The sayd Wil Mowat mayd his wyf … lachful towtor tyl hys ar; 1457 Ib. 119.
Inwy thai mak schereff; Kennedy Pass. Christ 459.
The king of beistis mak I thé; Dunb. xlviii. 103.
He wald have maid him Curris knaiff; Id. l. 43.
Makand him directour of the chancellary … with power … to make deputis, clerkis, wrytaris; 1526 Reg. Privy S. I. 512.
Hamilton Cat. 190.
1556 Inverness Rec. I. 3.
Buch. Wr. 13.
[The elf-queen] mackis any kyng quhom scho pleisis; 1597–8 Misc. Spald. C. I. 121.
Therfore Dauison enterit hamely with him and was maid his gossup; Melville Mem. 328.
We … maikis constitutes and ordanes oure weel-beloved [three names] … oure commissionares; 1633 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 383.
The said Sir Gilbert maks … his sone his cessioner and assignay; 1667 Bamff Chart. 312.
reflex. Ministeris … mead thame jugeis of [etc.]; 1607 Dalyell Darker Superst. 661.
25. a. reflex. To make (oneself) out to be, to pretend to be, behave as. Also intr.
Gif thar be ony that makis thaim fulis that ar nocht; 1449 Acts II. 36/1.
b. reflex. To make as if, pretend, to do something.
Scho … maid hir to take furth ane boxe, Bot that was not hir erand thair; Lynd. Meldrum 939.
[James II] maid him to forȝett all faultis … done be the erle of Douglas; Pitsc. I. 92/28.
Thomas Cranstoun answerit … quhilk the erle of Gowrie maid him nocht to heir; 1600 Acts IV. 204/1.
And scho makand hir to be a sleip; 1613 Fraserburgh Kirk S. 24 (13 Oct.).
c. intr. To make as (one would do something), to make as if, pretend (to do it or be about to do it).
The said Andro … streicking saill and making as thai wald cast anker hard besyde thame, burded thame both; Knox II. 12.
d. tr. To make (another) out or cause to appear (to be), to represent (as).
Haue lyounis lukis and than mak me ane lear; 1570 Sempill Sat. P. xii. 127.
Sua thai mak Christ to be ane iuglar and dissauier of the varld; Hamilton Cath. Tr. 38.
Thai vareis … in thair depositionis and makis utheris leyaris; 1591 St. A. Kirk S. 714.
If you judg it fit, meack it as my humbell desayr to him; 1667 Laing MSS. I. 363.
e. To play (the fool).
Sum to crak and sum to clatter, Sum maid the fule and sum did flatter; Lynd. Complaynt 236.
26. To regard (a person or thing) as being (what is denoted by the compl.); to view, treat or take as; to declare to be.
Thy ransonner, with woundis fyve, Mak thy plycht anker; Dunb. xi. 46.
Who maked workes a part of their owne justification; 1548 Knox III. 20.
Thy leiving no man laks Bot thé immortall maks; Montg. Misc. P. xliii. 18.
He intendis to mak thame al alyk guiltie … witheout … consideration of the intents … of anie of thame; 1616 Misc. Hist. Soc. II. 199.
The haill assys … in the mouth of the choncelar convictis and mackis the said Wialliam Norey guiltie; 1666 Forbes Baron Ct. 267.
27. a. To manufacture or fashion (one thing) in(to) (something else). b. To convert (goods) in(to) money.
a. His blew clock beand worne so bair, He causit an talyeour turne it and mak it Into wich maill; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv. 568.
Decerns Thomas Robsoun elder to mak in malt … aughtein pecks beir; 1673 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. MS. 26 Feb.
b. That the insicht of the hous be roupit and maid in money; 1628 Brechin Test. IV. 336 b.
28. To provide, make over, make good (land or money) to a person.
Thai sal mak the saide Erle of Mar alsmekil land or annuale rent in conuenable place; 1405 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 201.
We oblice us … to mac to the saide Andro … tene pondis worth of land yerely … quhilis that [etc.]; 1433–4 14th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. iii. 12.
[If the lands were lawfully won from Malcolm] the said Alexander sal mak hym als mykil lande in til cunnable place quhil the forsaide soum be … payit; 1446 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 405.
Providing quhowsone that he relevis onye landis in Duffous that is wedsett, he sall giff the samyn to the said Jonet quhill he mak hir the haell tua hundreth merkis within Duffous; 1552 Grant Chart. 107.
Sy ȝowr moyane to maik me fyeff hondreth markis by then; 1594 Ib. 185.
29. With infin. verb as complement: To cause, also, to compel, (someone or something) (to) do something or (something) (to) be done.
Also b. const. noun clause.
(1) Thai suld thaim mak For till repent thame; Barb. xix. 424.
He sall nocht mak it to be done with mare difficultee or to mak it inpossible to be done; Hay I. 122/35.
For our grete doute makis knychtis to have lache curage; Ib. II. 49/30.
Thow wald me mak at Eduuardis will to be; Wall. x. 475.
Dunb. xxxv. 17.
Imagynand … on quhat wys … He mycht … Mak thame to ische in patent batale place; Doug. ix. ii. 81.
Making a maid of our pure kin For to be callit Mater Christi; Bann. MS. 28 b/29.
[As soon as I shall come home I shall] maik [your lordship to be paid]; 1573 Cal. Sc. P. IV. 663.
I doubt not bot ȝour eare makkis ȝou easilie to persaue that the first lyne flowis [etc.]; James VI Ess. 59.
Quho maikis me to beleiff [etc.]; 1619 Tayler Fam. Urquhart 32.
Macke; 1638 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 131.
To mak a kow to yssen; Skene Agric. MS.
p.t. and p.p. Maid; Liber Plusc. I. 385.
1478 Acta Aud. 81/1.
Wall. i. 14.
K. Hart 104.
Doug. iii. v. 80.
Thy dyng ofspring maid ws to syng; Dunb. lxxxv. 15.
He maid thaim that war … woundit to be curit with maist crafty surrigianis; Bell. Boece I. 240.
That scho … maid Gothray and his wyffe to beleif it was witchecraft layd in be ane vther; 1597 Crim. Trials II. 25.
Quhilk maid me … to be graitlie suspected be the King; Melvill 315.
As bypast experience hes maid us to feel the smart; 1623 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 203.
What the judge maid him to pay he sould pay it; 1674 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 206 (23 June).
(2) Lettres to mak him cum incontinent to Edinburgh; 1473 Treas. Acc. I. 44.
Gevin to a currour passand to the Bischope of Dunkeldyn to mak his innys be abelȝet for the ambaxatouris; 1474 Ib. 52.
Gevand him power … soytis to mak be callit; 1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 234/1.
A brutale appetyte makis ȝong fulis forvay; Doug. iv. Prol. 153.
The Father of all mercies mack you feall the sueat odour of his grace; 1563 Cal. Sc. P. II. 25.
Lauder Minor P. i. 473.
That mokis the wordle tourne top our taill; c 1571 Sat. P. xxix. 8.
Lundie Poems ii.
I am uirie with hacking, which meacks me rest this day; 1657 Wemyss Corr. 102.
That which meks it stik the more; 1695 Douglas Corr. 285.
p.t. and p.p. Sen vsurpyt pouiste Has mad me ȝoure lady be; Leg. S. xxxi. 136.
Thai maid it [the heart] hame be restord; Howlat 532.
The wynd maid waif the red wed on the dyke; Doug. vii. Prol. 59.
I … maid him be sworne … that he sould be leile & trew [etc.]; 1520 Fife Sheriff Ct. 176.
Quhilks meid the vattir … Souche softlie sueit from euerie springing spout; J. Stewart II. 18/135.
b. Mak me that be thi luife … I be iunit to thy moder; Arundel MS. 240/72.
c. With ellipsis of the object,= passive infin.
Gif ony persoun fallis in the handis of reiveris, and is thairefter deliverit thairfra, he sall in all possibill haist mak shout fra ane town or village unto ane uther; Balfour Pract. 511.
Giffin to Angus Liche to mak by sic thingis necessar for Collin to tak his disais away; 1591 Thanes of Cawdor 206.
30. With nouns of action as object: To perform, do, carry out, accomplish. Cf. also 6. In many instances the phrases with nouns of action or verbal nouns are approx. equivalent in sense to etym. cognate or other verbs, when standing alone to an intr. or absol. verb, or, when followed by of (also to, in etc.), to a trans. verb. Const. variously with article or possess. or in plur. and without article: for the usages (freq. but not invariably all of these) in particular cases, see the various nouns.
a. To perform or make (a physical act, gesture or movement).
Also, to mak a bekin, a braid, a compas, a croce, ane douncome, gekkis, a gird, a lans, siching, a sign, sterage.
He … on his hede … mad The takine of the croice; Leg. S. xl. 298.
He maid a peteous panting; Sym & Bruder 118.
He … salusyng to the empriour maide; Seven S. 376.
He made a leg & exit with his traine; 1669 Lauderdale P. II. 192.
b. To display (feelings etc.). As, to mak blis, care, (gude, evill, etc.) chere, dule, gle, harmis, joy, lamentacioun, mane, mirth, murning, sorrow.
d. To deliver orally (a speech, sermon, etc.), to recite (a prayer), to utter (words).
Also, to mak ane (one's) harang, invocatioun, oracioun, prayer, speking, etc.
Magnificat than Mary made In lowing of God; Leg. S. xxxvi. 137.
Gyf ony man mak speche thar of eftyrwart; Bute MS. 161 b.
Plaucius, for his purgation, maid few wordis; Bell. Boece I. 100.
The last sermone he maid in this kyrk; 1562 St. A. Kirk S. 171.
e. To mak the exercise: see Exercise n. 2 (2). Hence absol.
The said day Mr John Howieson maid the exercise. … Maister George Clark is ordained to mak next; 1613 Cramond Ch. Aberdour 11.
1616 Deer Presb. in
Buchan Cl. IV. 196.
Mr Robert Cranstown should have exercised bot … is appoynted to mak the nixt day; 1631 Kirkcaldy Presb. 26.
Mr. And. Plaifair appointed to mak, Mr. And. Donaldson to add; 1640 Perth Presb. in
Ross Pastoral Work 79.
f. To utter (a statement, declaration, complaint, threat, etc.), make (a vow, confession, request, offer), give (a promise, an answer), tell (a lie), put, pose (a question, doubt); etc.
As, to mak (ane) (one's) accusing, adoratioun, advertisement, amonesting, appellacioun, athe, bost, cavillatioun, chalange, clame, complaint, confessioun, difference, excuse, explanatioun, faith, grant, gruching, hecht, instance, intercessioun, intimatioun, invocatioun, knawlege, lesing, ley, liquidatioun, mane, manassing, narratioun, offer, plaint, prayer, proclamatioun, promise, protestatioun, questioun, rehers, relatioun, report, request, revocatioun, ruse, spere, supplicatioun, vant, vow, warning.
The qwylk bischap mad hym rycht resonabil demaundes; 1390 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 21.
Mackand mentioun of the apownttment laitlie maid; 1551 Reg. Privy C. I. 117.
The pretendit depositioun and allegiance … maid be Dame Jane; 1559–60 Soc. Ant. XI. 521.
The cheild med answer yit to the bird; a 1570 Misc. Spald. C. II. xxviii.
That he will no meakke an answer your letter; 1624 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 222.
To mack applicatione to the throne of grace for obtaineing ane blissing; 1658 Aberdeen B. Rec. IV. 177.
Meack my apoladgie to my dear lord; c 1672 Wemyss Corr. 118.
h. To execute (a legal deed) in favour of (to) a beneficiary.
Cf. sense 4.
All giftys … & condysyovnys mad or for to be made … to the sayde Jorge; 1397 Slater Early Sc. Texts No. 34.
That the sauf condyt suld be understandin at the intencioun of him that it is maid till and nocht be his entencioun that makis it; Hay I. 179/6.
And nane of the saide partis sal renew nor mak na lynthe na new takkis of the said landis; 1457 Wemyss Chart. 81.
Landis … perteining to him be resone of assedatioun maid to him be Patrik bischop of Saintandres; 1476 Acta Aud. 43/2.
His chartturis and his seillis meyd to the said Jhone Irwyngis fadyr and mother; 1509 Rec. Earld. Orkney 82.
A lettre maid to Thomas Symsoun makand him hede mare within the boundis; 1511 Reg. Privy S. I. 343/1.
Thair is ane obligatione maid be Patrik Makgie … to James Winrahame … of the soum of [etc.]; 1610 Conv. Burghs II. 305.
i. To enter into, conclude (a bond, covenant, contract, etc.).
Also, to mak (ane) accordance, aning, band, contract, cunnand, lig, mariage, pece, etc.: see the various nouns.
Cf. sense 4.
This endentoure mayd ; 1391 14th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. iii. 13.
In compleining to outlandis men to maik pairty aganis thair aldermen; 1563 Peebles B. Rec. I. 293.
j. To mak (an) end, fine: see End n. 3 b, 4 c, and 7 a, Fine n. 5.
(1) Ilk stalangear sal mak end [Acts I. 27/2, mak fine] wyth the bailes; Bute MS. 158 b.
To … mak end and aggre with thame for thair cop burddis; 1561 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 122.
(2) Thus he maid his end; Henr. Fab. 1096 (Bass.).
A bloodie end this … monarch macks; Garden Kings 15.
(3) Uich med an end of the monnies I had restin; 1633 Sc. Ant. I. 94.
k. To render, give (payment, recompense, homage, obedience, respect, support, etc.). As, to mak (ane) adoratioun, amendis, assith(ment, compensatioun, dower, fewte, help, homage, manrent, mendis, obedience, obeising, observance, offerand, payment, profit, recompense, redres, reverence, satisfactioun, securitie, service, succour, supple, support, surety, tribute.
l. To lay out (expenditure), incur (expenses), defray (costs).
See also Cost n.1 1 c and 2, Dispens n. 1 and Expens n. 2 for many (including earlier) additional examples.
Gevin to Wil Oliphant … to mak his expensis xx li.; 1473 Treas. Acc. I. 46.
1500 Acta Conc. II. 346.
I man now … mak fer largear cost upone the keping of the said hous; 1514 Acta Conc. MS. XXVI. 81.
I man mayk thair expensis; 1550 Corr. M. Lorraine 321.
The said Robert oblist him to mak the said Williames reasonable expenssis, and … [William] maid and debursit certane expenssis extending to … lxxvii li.; 1574 Reg. Privy C. II. 388, 9.
1611 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 561.
Bisset I. 166/5.
m. To exert (effort), find (means). Also, to mak besines, diligence, labour, main, mene, moyan, pain, travail etc.
n. To commit (a fault, offence, etc.).
Also, to mak a brek, inlaik, slydis, see the nouns.
A man … that maid na caus of evill; Hay I. 205/12.
1459 Peebles Chart. 133.
The offencis maid to God; Irland Asl. MS. I. 16/30.
Tenentis quhilk happins to mak falttes; 1515 Edgerston Writs.
That I haiff maid na faill; 1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 74.
To … confes his offence maed aganis the said Jonett; 1579 St. A. Kirk S. 441.
o. To mak a practice, trade or use of (something), see the nouns.
p. To mak merchandise, mercat, traffic, to trade, traffic: see the nouns.
q. To mak bank, to set up or carry on business as a banker.
[Inform me] gyff Timotheo … intendis to pas in Scotland and mak bank in the auld maner; 1560 Waus Corr. 21.
r. To travel (a certain way), perform (a certain journey, etc.); hence, to make (one's way), to proceed, advance.
Also fig., to mak sic wayis, to make such progress, accomplish so much.
Emynedvs his cours maid weill That fele of Gaderis may feill His sword schare in thair nakit hyde; Alex. i. 1367.
The angell novmeris the gait and passage that he makis; Irland Asl. MS. I. 49/16.
Thay … lap on hors, and fordwart maid the gait To Romes toun; Rolland Seven S. 879.
King Alexander thay say is cumming heir … And wald ȝour grace be sa gude to mak gait Him for to meit, [etc.]; Ib. 10132.
Vnto Dundie as I maid way; 1573 Davidson Sat. P. xlii. 1.
They maid sic wayis be extreme diligence of thair freindis that [etc.]; Bisset I. 52/12.
t. To perform or carry out (innumerable other acts, activities or operations).
As to mak (ane, one's) abade, biding, dwelling, habitatioun, hanting, herbry, luging, etc.; to mak (ane) bargane, buschment, conquest, debate, hereschip, infall, ische, jornay, onset, were etc.; to mak (ane) deray, disport, distribulans, fare, fray, game, gamin, strife, tulȝe etc.; to mak (one's) achet, deling, kavelling, livery, sale, vent; to mak (ane) hinder, impediment, interruptioun, lat, molestatioun, persecutioun, stop, etc.; to mak (ane) alienatioun, arrestment, assignatioun, infeftment, inhibitioun, recognitioun, etc.; and to mak (ane) (one's) ado, alteratioun, changing, chose, collectioun, deliverans, deputatioun, discens, divisioun, egging, entre, examinatioun, insinuatioun, licence, lippinin, lykewake, ministratioun, minting, passage, pley, persute, procuratioun, punissing, rebellioun, recours, rekning, restauratioun, return, ruin, sacrifice, schot, slauchter, solempnyte, spulȝe, tathing, voyage.
Til mak sic pundyng; 1401 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 380.
Rogere … mad that coronatyown Agayne all lawch; Wynt. vii. 1612.
Antigone … Gart his futmen ga mak the first assailȝe; Alex. (Taym.) 1498.
The deforsment made on Robin Inglis schiref depute of Berwic [etc.]; 1479 Acta Conc. I. 38/2.
Message to mak, our pouer for to get; Wall. ix. 795.
In Inglis toung I think to mak remembrance How God maid man; Kennedy Pass. Christ 53.
Withe us … to maik recidence; Dunb. vii. 30 (Ch. & M.);
1533 Haddington Rec. in
Soc. Ant. II. 397.
This fals wardlis instabilytie Unto that sey makkand comparisoun; Lynd. Dreme 129.
That few or none may makyng resistance; Id. Test. Pap. 410.
Ȝour demys that harbry cowd ws maik; Freiris Berw. 324.
His diligent vailȝeantnes that he maid contrar the iminent dangeir; Compl. 6/17.
The squyer … Amang his fa-men maid sic hand That [etc.]; Lynd. Meldrum 1280.
For vphalding of ane tenement … conforme to the sichting thairof maid be the lyneris of the towne; 1574 Glasg. B. Rec. I. 10.
To maik weare; Leslie 161.
He meid litill defence to his landin; Pitsc. I. 192/8.
The Queen … makes a great deale of show to lift ane army in France; 1646 Baillie II. 347.
Robert Maitlande meadde his repentance; 1650 Rec. Kirk. Scotl. 617.
The English souldierie did meake search for armes throughe … the borowe towns; 1652 Lamont Diary 50.
31. a. To cast (anchor), have an anchorage.
Ther air thai the quilk is ordanit to mak hankaris in the hawyn for commune profyt; 1400 Aberd. B. Rec. (S.H.S.) 151.
b. To mak the quarter, provide quarters: see Quarter n.
B. With adverbs in specialised uses.
33. To mak furth. tr. a. To complete, finish, see through. b. To complete the making or equipping of. c. To provide, ‘find’.
a. Thar-fore as thu dewisise now, Mak furth myn wark; Leg. S. vi. 213.
Than wyll he wyth the tothir mak Hys bargane furth, and wyth tha twa Hys fycht he oysis for till ma; Wynt. i. 766.
Ilk ane of theme respective ar haldin to mak furth the said weyiage; Bisset II. 250/24.
b. Gevin … to maik furth this coit, iij ellis of vellous; 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 261.
Giffin to Thom … and Johne … to pas to Home to mak furth the artailȝery thare; 1497 Ib. 339.
c. I rede ye mak furth ane man, mekar of mude; Gol. & Gaw. 120.
These moneys salbe … mad furthe as your proper donatioun; 1628 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 294.
34. To mak off. intr., ? to make an end, give up, quit.
To mak ather off or on, to take action one way or another.
Say sone now, haue done now, Mak ather off or one; Montg. Ch. & Slae 826 (W).
35. To mak on. a. tr. To build and kindle (a fire): cf. sense 1. b. ? To gather (corn) or ? to put it up into sheaves or stooks. c. intr. To go forward, proceed.
a. ‘Tratour, quhy maid thou on the fyre.’ ‘A! schir … That fyre wes neuir maid on for me.’ Barb. v. 52, 54.
He … gert be maid on a bale fyre Off gret schyddys byrnand schyre; Wynt. iii. 775.
That was the caus I gart this fire on mak, Onlie for ȝow, and for nane vthers saik; Rolland Seven S. 4249.
1634 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 94.
b. Anent fyw scheiffis of corne … sett upone Georg Cloustouns rige be the said Georges man quhilk was making on his corne; 1595 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I. 220.
c. (See sense 34).
36. To mak out. tr. a. = 33 a. b. ? To provide, ‘find’ (soldiers) (cf. 33 c), or ? To equip (soldiers) (cf. 33 b).
a. Decernes to mak out the service or to pay the fie; 1678 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 263.
b. [The] Erll of Glencarne sall … employ the suddartis maid out and furneist be the townis of Glasgow, Air, and Irwing; 1569 Reg. Privy C. II. 20.
c. To make up, complete (a total); also, to amount to, to add up to (= 18 b).
(1) Makand out in the haill vm merkis; 1571–2 Reg. Privy C. II. 112.
Sua mekill … as will mak out with hir awin part … the sovme off tua thousand markis; 1610 Brechin Test. III. 47 b.
Ȝour mastership gaiff sax pens and I gaif more to mak it out; 1621 Maxwell Mem. I. 329.
1622 Kinghorn Kirk S. 21.
(2) Thomas Watt, 22s. 6d. land, and Robert Thomsone, 7s. 6d. land, qlk maks out 30s. land; 1644 Lochwinnoch Par. 169.
d. To confirm or prove (an assertion or claim) by evidence, to substantiate.
Donald M'Kinley … tuik instruments … that … Robert Beithe callit him perjuired … and promeist to mak it out; 1658 Rothesay B. Rec. 215.
M. Bruce Soul-Confirm. (1709) 19.
[That they] shall not heireftir speak agains ony of the stent maisters or alledge on them bot what they may be able to mak out; 1667 Kelso Baillie Ct. 42 b.
1671 Forbes Baron Ct. 284.
That my husband was guelty of tresoan and he would macke it out on him; 1680 Dunlop P. III. 7.
37. To mak ower. tr., To remake, refashion, (to a certain standard).
Fyndis the watter mettis and land mettis … to be awld, worn, and decayet, … to caus renew and mak ower the same to the awld just mesour of the realme; 1582 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 236.
38. To mak to, to set (oneself) to work, to set to. intr. and refl.
intr. Quhilkis being done, fra he had obtenit ony tolerance and opportunitie, makis he to without delay; Winȝet II. 4/5.
First on the feildis mak schortly to; 1570 Sempill Sat. P. xii. 91.
1571 Ib. xxvi. 101.
A man who is shipbroken, if he haue any confidence to be safe, presently he makes to and works … als fast as he can; Henderson Serm. 329.
reflex. I maid me to fra hand To send this sedull; 1572 Sat. P. xxxi. 12.
39. To mak up. tr. a. To build, erect. b. To build up (a wall etc.) where it has fallen away; to repair (any structure or object) by mending holes or making good gaps or deficiencies.
a. Hes gart big and mak wpe ane substantious brig; 1529 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 395.
Permissioun … to mack vp, build and erect tuo or mor chops; 1658 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 174.
1667 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I. 210.
1669 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 254.
Sewerall inhabitants quho haue mad wp to themselves monuments and tombs … within the chappel yeard; 1675 Inverness Rec. II. 262.
b. He gert hym off his costage Mak wp Dunbare; Wynt. viii. 3996.
Mychell of Forest sall mak wp hys syd dyk … wythin viij dayis; 1468 Peebles B. Rec. I. 158.
1489 Treas. Acc. I. 123.
Ane boit of his quhilk wes lent … is to be maid vp als guid as scho wes; 1602 Shetland Sheriff Ct. 23 b.
To renew and mack wp the cushin that lyes befoir the provost; 1649 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 96.
The deane of gild to cause make wp the mercat croce … according to the stanse and forme of the mercat croce of … Edinburgh; 1664 Ib. 208.
c. To make good, compensate for (a loss); to make good the losses of, recompense (a person).
The reproach … shall be made up with the more shining of his glory; Binning Wks. 368.
There was never one that trusted in him that came to loss. He made them ay up; 1680 Cloud of Witnesses 51.
Quhill the skaith be made upe … to the pairtie damnified; 1687 Ayr & W. Coll. IV. 175.
d. To go towards, contribute to; also, to complete (a total) (cf. 36 c).
The exceyis … most be collected as formerlie and accresse to mak wpe a pairt of the monies ye ar resting; 1649 Misc. Spald. C. V. 379.
To furneish out fyve fute soldiouris to help to mak wp Monrois regiment; Spalding I. 284.
[As] many horse as will maik wp ane plewghe; 1670 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I. 290.
e. To gather together.
To be styled faithfull servants by Christ in the day quhairin he will mak up his juells; 1677 Inverness Presb. 79.
f. ? To concoct, invent, fabricate, or ? to promote (a slander).
Declairing [that] these wemen … war persuadit and intysit to mak wp this sclander; Spalding II. 202.
g. To compile, draw up (a list or account).
[They] ar appointit to mak up the said rentall within a fourtnicht efter the rectificatioune; 1668 Rothesay B. Rec. 162.
1674 Glasgow B. Rec. III. 189.
1675 Elgin Rec. II. 311.
To understand how accounts may be med up; 1695 Douglas Corr. 286.
h. To raise (a person) in rank or wealth; to elevate, promote, enrich.
Disherising the nobillis of the realme to maik up his mischevous limmaris; Bell. Boece I. 177.
Sum ar at vndir and sum maid vp of nocht; T. Davidson in
Lang before he expellit his lady … quham be he wes maid wp; Abell 124 b.
Sen they sawe the Earle of Douglas so covatus to make wpe his freindis and so inordinatlie to promove his freindis to landis and lordschipis; Pitsc. I. 62/33.
Ye wald giff her ane guid sheip luck as ye haid given to sundreis … quhom ye had maid up; 1629 Black Orkn. & Shetl. Folklore 77.
i. ? To pull up (a tent peg), also intr. for passive. Of a ship, to make up hir towes, ? to drag her anchors.
A tent … leaneth only to certain pinnes … by the lightest blast of every wind they are made up and when the pinnes make up the tent falleth; R. Bruce Serm. 221.
Ther was a great tempest of wynde all that day … ane English vessell … being laden with great salt, meade vp hir towes in Leith rode and came downe and perished at the harbour of the Ellie; 1659 Lamont Diary 117.
j. intr. To make up with or of (anything), ? to bargain with, derive financial gain from, benefit from.
Many are misled and seduced, and make up with their faith, and sell their birthrights; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1891) 487.
If any should alidge that the lairds of Coldenknows did fish or make any ways up of the loch, first, he was a nightbour [and specially priviledged]; a 1700 Haigs of Bemersyde 477.
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