A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Lowsin(g, Lousing, vbl. n.1 Also: lowss-, loussand -inge, -yng(e, -eing; lowyssing, loueseng. [ME. (north.) lousyng (c 1357), e.m.E. lowsing (1482, 1545), ME. also lawsing (1415), f. Lows v.1 Cf. also Lossing vbl. n.2 and Loosing vbl. n.1]
1. The act of loosing, in various senses of Lows v.1, Los v.2
a. Setting free, release, lit. and fig.; absolution; letting down (trousers etc.); detaching the team from a plough; the casting off of a ship or boat and setting sail; loosening, freeing (something stuck or fixed); disintegration, dissolution. b. The letting go of water retained by a dam or the breaking up or removal of a dam. c. The letting up or cessation of a storm.
(1) And than a lang qwhille he lay thare Or spek was off his lowsyng mare; Wynt. viii. 6624.
Or he sic presonere thare suld tak That suld the Bauderanis lousing mak; Alex. ii. 4070.
Ib. 5056, 5178.
For the lowsyng of the quhilkis Inglishmen we haue written to oure said cosing; 1445 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 13.
Hay I. 247/6.
1531 Treas. Acc. V. 444.
For lacke of the delyverye of there bill, whiche sholde haue bene the releif for the lowsinge of the childe [from irons]; 1576 Douglas Corr. 217.
Lyk as S. Johne declairis his cumming be the lousing of ane vyld beast; Burne Disput. 135.
(2) It would be very sweet for me to be at home, and serving in my charge; bot as yet no appearance of lousing for any of us; 1644 Baillie II. 212.
If they [the parishioners] had any thing to say against the lowsing of their minister; 1653 Dalkeith Presb. in
Butler Life Leighton 240.
(3) A preist hes … the auctoritie of lowsing and binding gevin to him be our salviour Christ; Hamilton Cat. 221.
G. Ball. 6.
Bishops should … have the power of binding and lowsing, visiting the diocese [etc.]; Martine Reliq. Divi Andreæ 26.
(4) Ȝe ar so lang in lowsing doun The dewill bodie now may byd ȝow; Maitl. F. liv. 23.
(5) [Action taken] for the wrangus taking and lowsing of his pleuich in his manys of Erlie; 1500–1 Acta Conc. MS. X. a.
1582 Reg. Privy C. III. 495.
(6) For lowssing ther boattis on the Sabbothe and travelling up to Glasgow with them; 1620 Dumbarton Kirk S. 2.
I had causit provyde for him ane pounseon of meale … bot whither he hes gotten it or no befor the shipp's lousing I can not tell; 1649 Ruthven Corr. 115.
(7) Quhatsumevir personne … dois wrang to his nichtbour in biging, planting, teilling or lowsing of martch stainis; 1605 Glasgow Merchants House 92.
— fig. The articles of peace … if we should begin to treat with him on the alteration of any of them, it will draw both to a great length and a dangerous lousing of our ground; 1644 Baillie II. 211.
(8) Quhat is death? ane dissolution and lousing of ane thing that was joynit togidder, ane dissolving and scattering of the parts of it; Rollock Wks. I. 303.
b. For twa quartis of aill at the lousing of the dam of the wattir under the brig; 1614 Ayr B. Acc. 64.
c. The heid dykis to be biggit round about within viij dayis efter the lowyssing of the storme; 1570 Peebles B. Rec. I. 325.
2. The redemption of heritage or movables from attachment, pawn, etc.: see Lows v.1 12. Also lousing out.
(1) That the said Jon haf the mone that lyis apon tha landis, and thir forsaid landis efiter the lowsing; 1406 (1427) Reg. Great S. 17/2.
And the redempcione and lousing [of the lands] to be maid within vij ȝeris as said is or nocht; 1469 Acts II. 96/2.
1471 Maxwell Mem. I. 185.
1488–9 Prot. Bk. J. Young II. 35.
Lowsin; 1494 Acta Conc. I. 361/2.
1497 Ib. II. 78, etc.
— 1507 [see Kindly a. 5 (1)].
— 1509 Reg. Privy S. I. 288/2.
1512 Grey Friars 30.
The said Jhone [is] to brouk the said rig for a crop eftir the lousing out be grantit; 1515 Selkirk B. Ct. MS. fol. 38 b.
1516 Prot. Bk. J. Foular II. 9.
1528 Inchcolm Chart. 63.
The sayd Adam and Helyne has mayd me … ane reuersioun … to the lousyng and redemyng of the sayd tuenty schilling land … apon four scoyr of merks of mony wyth certan ȝers takks efter the lousyng; 1537 Boyd Fam. P. No. 12 (19 Feb.).
1549 Reg. Privy S. IV. 80/2; etc.
1561 Misc. Bann. C. III. 305.
1590 Ayr Chart. 115.
For raising ane summondis … for reduction of the tackis of the teynd scheawis of Petmedden and als for letteris of lousing the fermes of Petmedden; 1614–5 Misc. Spald. C. V. 95.
1630 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 328.
[The defender had] promitted to the persewar ane peice of grasse [for which he ought to pay 16 s., but the court] modifies 8 s. for the grasse lousseing; 1661 Melrose Reg. Rec. I. 341.
(2) That Matheu … and Richard … sal pas for the lousyng and recouerayng of the schippes merchandes and gudes the quhilkis are now of new tane of Inglis men; 1441 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 6.
ij s. for the lovsing of Jame Malcommis pot fra Dauid Philp; 1499 Dunferm. B. Rec. I. 97.
To gif hym daye quhill Sanct Mungos daye nyxtocum to the lowsyng of the saidis cowpis; 1541 Maxwell Mem. I. 285.
Aresting and lowsing of cornis and vtheris gudes … be vptaking of cautioun for lousing thairof; 1589 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 189.
I haue payet … for loueseng of our pas xxviiii gros; 1597 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 18 b.
(3) Quhen ever it be sene … that he … be hurt throw the lowsing of the said redempcioun; 1473 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 10.
3. The withdrawal or removal, by an authority, overlord or creditor, of an arrestment on goods or legal restriction on lands: see Lows v.1 13.
(Act or lettres of) lowsing of arrestment, a writ discharging an arrestment, following on the debtor's providing surety.
(1) [He was] nocht responsall to be causioune and souertie … for lovsing of the arrestment maid … vpone the cornis [etc.]; 1554 Prot. Bk. G. Grote 6.
For lowsing of the arrest pot in his ledyr he oblist hyme self [etc.]; 1558 Inverness Rec. I. 28.
1570 Canongate Ct. Bk. 172.
[Loosings of arrestments; 1607 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II. 104, etc.
1612 Ib. II. 186.]
Ane requeist direct be the King to the bischope of Argyle for lowsing the arreistment laid on be him upoun the fruittis of the benifice of Glaistre; 1611 Scrymgeour Invent. (S.R.S.) 23.
Anent the lousing of the prowest and baillies … arestment; 1612 Inverness Rec. II. 100.
Anent the lowsing the arreistmentis; 1617 Acts IV. 547/1.
For lowsing of the arreistment execut be John Kilgour … aganis the said sir Alexr. Gordoun; 1617 Reg. Cautions in Loosing Arrestments MS. (Reg. H.) 7 July.
Pryces: … For ane act of lowsing of arreistment [6 s. 8 d.]; 1621 Acts IV. 621/2.
1630 Dumbarton B. Rec. 35.
1657 Rothesay B. Rec. 7.
[Gift to Culross of] the wholl benefits … that shall … be due to me … for passing … lowsings of arreystment and suspensions … whether foundit upon debts or lawborrowes; 1661 Culross I. 315.
Lettres oflowsing of arreistment, the towne of Glasgow contra the towne of Dumbartowne; 1666 Glasgow Chart. II. 67.
(2) Ane instrument tane be schir Jhone Somervale of the Kingis hienes anent the lousing of the recognitioun of the landis … becaus thai war haldin blanchferme; 1511 Reg. Privy S. I. 346/1.
Lousing of recognitioun; Balfour Pract. 487.
The said Willeam … to adhear to the said Katherine his spous … and to giue hir ane … supplicatioun to the judges ordinar … for lowsing and suspending the said inhibitioun; 1604 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 42.
(3) [The mairs of fee] haue bene in vse … and na vtheris in aresting and lowsing of cornis and vtheris gudes … be vptaking of cautioun for lousing thairof; 1589 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 189.
4. The obtaining or receiving (of something) for payment; purchasing.
For the outtaking of the greit stanis in the hevin and redding of the channell … and to gett plaittis for the channell and lowsing thairof; 1504 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 99.
Gewin in drink at the lowsing of the bannaris betuix vs the masonis & the wrychtis xj s., to our part tharof v s. vj d.; 1550 Edinb. Hammermen 183.
5. In Orkney: see Lows v.1 15 a.
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"Lowsin(g vbl. n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 May 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/lowsing_vbl_n>
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