A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Lowp, Loup, v. Also: lowpe, loupe; loope; and Lope. P.t. lowped, p.p. loupin, and see Lepe v.1 [Late ME. (once) lowp- (see Lowping vbl. n.), lope (see Lope v.), ON. hlaupa (Norw. (Nynorsk) laupa, Sw. löpa, Da. løbe), p.p. hlaupenn, corresp. to OE. hléapan Lepe v.1 Also in this form in the mod. Sc. and north, and north midl. Eng. dialects.] The formal distinction from the synonymous (and at first appar. more common) cognate Lepe is clear only in the pres. t.: for the p.t. and p.p. see Lepe v.1
1. intr. With complements: To dart, dash, run; also, to break out in rebellion, and absol., to run off, flee, decamp. = Lepe v.1 1.
(1) [They] schupe thame vp, to lowp our leis, Twa tabartis of the tartane; Sym & Bruder 21.
As it war ane fox loupynd fra hole to hole, seiking ane strenth; 1563 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 229.
If they came againe … to perturb his coastis, that it might be they would not … loup home so dry shod; Pitsc. (1814) 245.
His men leavis the persute and lovpis about to lift him wp agane; Spalding I. 44.
James Grant with the vther tua lovpis fra the hous and fleis; Ib.
(2) [The Pringles glory in that they were never but on the King's part in all the troublesome times … for they never lowped out with any of the lords nor were attainted; Lowther's Jrnl. 19.]
(3) absol. This realme with eis the rebellis may repres, … Thair loirdis thai loup, that league is les and les; 1571 Sat. P. xxvii. 91.
2. To leap, spring, jump. a. With complements. Also, to jump, vault or clamber over (a wall). Also fig., and to loup on (a woman, in fornication).
(1) Tha … all the laif gart loup attouir the wall; Stewart 54263.
Heir sall the karle lowp of the [s]caffald; Lynd. Sat. 1953.
Our a brig to lowpe and drowne; Bk. Dean Lismore 48.
What person that ever beis apprehendit louping in our the dykes of the Houf; 1565 Burgh Rec. in
Maxwell Old Dundee I. 180.
1571 Bann. Memor. 127.
Desilio, to lowp down; Duncan App. Etym.
Will thou loup up and misse ane of thir steppis? Rollock I. 363.
He lowpis in the watter and out sowmis to the land; Chron. Kings 169.
He loups over hills to be at his kirk; Rutherford Christ & Doves 29.
Bot sometyme the compleiners bairnes ar forced to lowp over at the midst of the said stair; 1644 Glasg. Chart. II. App. 624.
The dyck to be of this qualitie that no beast … can loup ower the samen; 1667 Inverness Rec. II. 232.
That he saw John Richie lift a stone to throw at Alexr Chalmer … and the said Alexr Chalmer did lowp out of the way; 1687 Misc. Spald. C. V. 237.
A well-busked hook … which will catch some [fishes], yet others are not catched though they play about it and loup at it; 1688 A. Shields Some Notes of a Sermon Preached at the Lothers 25.
Give them the spurs of confidence … that … they may loup over the fold-dikes of grace; Presb. Eloq. 94.
[He] did … loup upon the said John his breast with his feet; 1694 Orkney Antiq. Soc. III. 66.
(2) fig. Pandaris [etc.] … Loupis vp frome laddis, sine lychtis amang lardis; Lynd. Test. Pap. 391.
Thare wald nocht be sic brawlyng at the bar, Nor men of law loup to sic royall rent; Id. Mon. 660.
Look how weill we agree in the generall; in the particular we loope als far sundry; R. Bruce Serm. 74.
Resolutly to loope over al difficulties; 1638 Johnston Diary (1911) I. 360.
p.p. And that … the said messenger hes loupin [pr. loup in] ower all the shyres; 1667 Inverness Rec. II. 233.
(3) Than Kyttoke thare … Gaiff Lowre leif at layser to loupe on; Lynd. Mon. 2659.
Quhair I begouth … To loup on lassis lait and play the lowne; 1571 Sempill Sat. P. xxviii. 68.
b. absol. Common in the proverb Luke or ȝe loup.
(1) Lowp [Ch. Loup doun] or be the gude Lord thow salt lois thy heid; Lynd. Sat. 1948 (B).
It is full weill thy kynd to lowp and licht in a tedder [Ch. ledder]; Ib. 1951.
Stand by the gait, lat se gif I can lowp, I mon rin fast in dreid I gett a cowp; Ib. 2429.
Thair fundyit feit can nouther gang nor loupe; G. Ball. 110.
Of rash persons [it is said] … he stumbles at a strea and loupes at a brea; Ferg. Prov. No. 453.
The wanton licht man thinkis this bodie … to be na burden and will rin and loup with it; Rollock Wks. I. 312.
Ye will loupe til the morne or ye loupe ane inche from a lene; Carmichael Prov. No. 1865.
When he comes to a mire he only bids the child loup, but yet it is the father's strength that carries him over the mire; Dickson Wr. 197.
[To] Throw for the hammer, lowp for slippers; G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Discourse 32.
(b) Teached … to rin, to loope, to swoom, to warsell; Melvill 17.
(2) Who takis in hand … to prais a wark … , Advysedlie sould luik then loup; Maitl. Q. lxxvii. 2.
And Raschnes ruid, louping or he did luik; J. Stewart II. 240 § 163.
Ferg. Prov. MS. No. 584 [see Licht v.1 5 b (3)].
Birnie Kirk-b. xix.
Spit or ye loup, or luke or ye loup; Carmichael Prov. No. 1373.
1661 Red Bk. Grandtully II. 153.
c. To ‘jump’ or start at a sudden pain or shock.
Gif ony patient wald be pansit, Quhy suld he loup [L. loip] quhan he is lanceit Or schrink quhen he is schorne? Montg. Ch. & Slae 492 (W).
3. To mount on horseback. = Lepe v.2 3.
(1) Thai suld be wsit … to loupe on hors; Loutfut MS. 130 a.
Quhen thay saw him sa feirelie Loup on his hors sa galȝeardlie; Lynd. Meldrum 476.
The bischope quha was than loupand on hors to ryd his way; Pitsc. I. 197/5.
(2) As good hads the stirrep, as he that loups on; Ferg. Prov. (1641) No. 135.
This day his maiestie lowpis on at the castell gate; 1633 Maxwell Mem. II. 228.
Petcaple lovpis on about 30 hors in jak and speir; Spalding I. 16.
The horses … went to Fackland … .They caused some of the souldirie loupe on and try them; Lamont Diary 64.
4. To leap up and down, dance, caper, prance. = Lepe v.1 4. Also transf.
The wikit wife gert hir dochtir ga … & spring & loupe befor thaim al; Leg. S. xxxvi. 506.
Quhat gart ȝow … ȝe hillis lyke lambis loup and bend; G. Ball. 109.
O my soule! … I charge thee, that thou loupe for joy with me; 1622 D. Lindesay An Heavenly Chariot 23.
The horse … died in the batts louping to death; 1633 Coll. Witchcraft 121.
5. transf. a. Of things: To jump, spring, ‘fly’ (in some direction, or asunder). b. Of masonry: To ‘spring, jump out of place. c. To be raised, stand up, jut.
a. And it that wondir lawch wer ere Mon lowp [v.rr. lepe, leape] on loft; Brus xiii. 652 (C).
They … mutilat both her armes and made the sinewes to loupe asunder; 1629 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. III. 41.
It is as if gold should essay to loup out of the melting cruise into the fire; Dickson Wr. 3.
b. Becaus of the greit hurt that the fyre dois to the bowis of the brig, causit be some of thame that waschis therat, in causing the stanes therof to lowp & to injure the samen; 1598 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 1 Dec. c.
[Carry the tabling upon the said front at the floor of the second story all alike round] which for the present lowppes or ryses from the corners higher along the front; 1672 Soc. Ant. XIV. 330.
6. Of the heart: To bound, beat violently.
Vp, helsum hairt! thy rutis rais, and lowp! Scott xv. 1.
My hart for ioy dois loup thairfoir; G. Ball. 222.
My heart did lowp, my flesch for feir did creip; Melvill Dream 20 in
Fugitive Poetry II.
7. tr. To leap across (a ditch), to jump, vault or clamber over (a wall). To loup the dyke also = to change sides, to prove a turn-coat or renegade.
(1) Heir sall Johne loup the stank or els fall in it [B. ryn to lowp our the water and … fall in … it]; Lynd. Sat. 2430 (Ch.).
But my lord thocht it [the wall] over heich to loup because of his sair hand; 1567 Anderson Collect. Mary II. 187.
Delatit … to be lowpand dyikis the tyme of the eftirnoins sermone; 1604 Elgin Rec. II. 123.
No inhabitantis … [to] loup nor cast doun the garden dykis; 1659 Forbes Baron Ct. 225.
(2) There was no man more against bishops … nor he … yet … he was the man that tooke out the bishoprick out of Mr John Grahame's hand. I remember … when he began to get the bishoprick, we said he was going to loupe the dyke; 1638 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 170/2.
8. Of a bull, also transf. of a man: To copulate with (a female), to leap.
Bott quhat … thochte Dauid quhen he wes to lowpe the lowne? 1571 Sat. P. xxix. 26.
Quhen the bull was lowping the cow; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 144.
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"Lowp v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Dec 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/lowp_v>
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