A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Loose, a. Also: loos(s. [e.m.E. and ME. loos(e (Chaucer), also lewse (c 1460), returning to a form ls with the close (see Los a.), adopted in place of Sc. Lows or Los.] Loose, in senses of Lows a.
To keep a loose foot, to remain uncommitted, to retain a free hand.
(1) Quhat restis moir bot to preserve thair lyif, … keping thame selfe, as the auld Erll of Angus said, to be loos and levand; 1584 Colville Lett. 50.
Ballindallach … schuke him self looss and wyns the killogie dur; Spalding I. 54.
(2) The Earl of Seaforth, who formerly had always kept a loose foot, now joined cordially to him; Guthry Mem. 215.
(3) I must either … have … witness to His word, or else I count myself loose; 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1822) iii.
We make loose bargains in the behalf of our souls; Id. Tryal Faith (1845) 80.
I … found that my wayes could not be very pleasing unto the Lord, becaus I found my heart very loose so soon after a communion, especially I found my unwatchfulness most eminent in my tongue; 1659 Hay Diary 113.
(4) comb. The word of God, pronouncing the sentence of justice upon all loose tongued men; Dickson Psalms I. 59.
(5) The Earl of Angus … cherished all loose men, and most part thieves and traitors; Pitsc. (1728) 121.
The wicked, malignant, loose, prophane persons in the land … do … oppose … that … way; 1653 Vindication of the Late Generall Assembly 29.
A watch for securing those parts … which ly neare the highlands from the incursion of those looss people which dayly breake downe upon them; 1653 Sc. N. & Q. 2 Ser. II. 43.
By reason of resetting … vagrants and loose persons; 1699 Cramond Ch. Cullen 138.
1699 Id. Ch. Aberdour 37.
(6) So many as cast them loose to thir vices must fall into His hands; R. Bruce Serm. 225.
(7) Donald of the Isles turned loose … and in his descent to the Lowlands did great hurt [etc.]; Fraser Polichron. 108.
(8) When parents and children are casten loose of all temporal things, and haue not for the refreshing of themselues and their families; 1658 Durham Comm. Rev. 146.
(9) Summa of fre butter and butter for flesche … 8½ barrels. Summa of scat and loose butter in augmentation of the rental 36 lisps.; 1595 Orkney Rentals ii. 87.
1642 Ib. iv. 31.
(10) Poynd Hieselbanck also and all the tennantts for my loose money; 1690 Letter (Annandale Papers MS.) 20 Feb.
(11) Vnles some speedie course be takin for remeid of the same, the toun will be castin loose, and no ordour keipit at all; 1647 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 85.
The Lord's day disregarded and casten loose; J. Guthrre Considerations (1846) 249.
(12) Whosoever abuseth the grace of God with ane loose rein; R. Bruce Serm. 340.
Every person tooke loose reines to do as he would; Fraser Polichron. 432.
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"Loose adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 Jan 2022 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/loose_adj>
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