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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Ingill, Ingle, n.1 [Gael. aingeal, fire, light.]

1. The fire on a household hearth; an ordinary domestic fire. c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 117.
At ane vthir auld wyfis ingle
1513 Doug. viii. vii. 90.
Lyke as the puyr wife, quhilk at evin had raik Hyr ingill, rysys forto beit hir fyre
1588 Prot. Bk. A. Lawson 171 b.
Be putting owt thair kendillit ingill, removeing thair guidis … and suffering the said Dauid to kendill his ingill in the hows
1602 Crim. Trials II. 392.
Ane reid hett girdill standand vpoune ane ingill
1640 Dundonald Par. Rec. 470.
They deponed that shoe was baiking thrie bonnocks … and hardening them at the ingle

b. A fire used for heating a room or building of any kind. 1602 Mun. Univ. Glasg. III. 553.
Peittis and coillis spendit … upone the kitching and commoun ingill in the College Hall
1622 Ib. 569.
For coillis to be ane ingill at the College yet
1625 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 564.
To mak ane skew abone the mylne quheillis … and to haif ane ingle of collis thairin … for thowing the yse af the mylne quheillis

2. Applied by Douglas to various sacred fires, also hearths, household and otherwise, of the ancients. b. A funeral pyre. 1513 Doug. v. xi. 117.
Thai … from the hallowit ingill reft the fyre
Ib. xii. 144.
To Trojane ingil and the cannos Veste Within hys secret closet [Æneas] maid reuerence
b. Ib. xi. v. 17.
Thrys the wofull funerall inglys thai Circulyt abowt on horsbak

3. Burning material taken from a fire. 1612 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 333.
Vnderstanding that the karieing of ingle doun the said vennel oncoverit to be verie dangerous

4. In the phrases, to set or kindle ingle (= fire) to, to have ingle at (a kiln or furnace). 1607 Dundonald Par. Rec. 126.
Accuisit of Sonday wark by setting ingill to his malt in Hilhous kill.
Ib. 151.
To haif set ingill to the kill [etc.]
1623 Chron. Perth 92.
Accused for profaning of the Lord's day, in kindling ingill to his furnace on Sunday
1650 Falkirk Par. Rec. I. 169.
Delaited … for haveing ingle at his kilne … in the tyme of sermone

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"Ingill n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 30 May 2024 <>



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