A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Ill, adv. Also il(e, ille. [ME. (chiefly north. and north midl.) yll(e, il(l, ille (c 1200), f. the adj.: cf. ON. illa. Cf. Evill adv., and the note on Ill n.]

1. In a wicked or wrongful manner; wickedly; wrongfully, unjustly. Symon Magus … al thai folkis dyssawyt il With the fals layre he taucht tham til; Leg. S. xxi. 525.
Ȝe haue answered wonder ill; Alex. ii. 2638.
Say ȝe nocht this clerk ill him bure That slokinnit the fyre that warmit the pure? Seven S. 1639.
I deny it ill & falsly as Caldwel did his creed; Ferg. Prov. (S.T.S.) No. 888.
Il woon soon spent; 1665 Lauder Jrnl. 148.

b. With the past pples. aposit, inclind: With disposition to wickedness. All that wes done … Vnhappelie be ill aposit men; Stewart 27340.
Bass, corrupt counsalours, and ill inclind; Garden Kings 68.

2. Severely; grievously, seriously; harshly, with severity. The man leit him begilit ill; Barb. xix. 680.
Herot thocht hyme il begelt Quhen ther thre kingis fra hym duelt; Leg. S. xxxvi. 993.
Thocht thow he blind, … Or in thy face deformit ill; Henr. Abbay Walk 26.
The thrid sek [sc. of wool] was il spylt in the schip and forpakit; 1495 Halyb. 21.
The Freir in myre hes loppin, And … fyld wes woundir ill; Freiris Berw. 588.
His heid il birst and sair hurt; Dalr. II. 328/12.
[He] complains that he hes bein ille eused by you; 1677 Stirlings of Keir 514.

3. a. Unfortunately, unprosperously; unprofitably. (1) I trow our gaist [= guest] be the gait hes farne als ill; Rauf C. 108.
Sum I suppose ar borne infortunate Or ellis gud labouris could not prosper ill; Maitl. Q. lxv. 116.
(2) Than I haue spent richt ill my seuin ȝeiris space, Taking laubouris on ȝour sone; Rolland Seven S. 1622.
[Their] dayis thay haue ill spendit: Ane ill entrie for commoun is ill endit; Ib. 10747.
I thought no travel ill-wared … whereby I might propagate his [sc. God's] despised interest among you; 1680 Jas. Skene in Cloud of Witnesses (1720) 96 (J).

b. With hardship or inconvenience. We ar marche men … and may ill be absent owte of our ger for gret scathis apperand tyll us; 1380 Rep. Hist. MSS., Var. Coll. V. 77.

4. Badly, not well, in respect of performance or supply. Certis, thu seis ful il Quhene thu thaim callis dissawouris, Of Crystis treutht that ware doctouris; Leg. S. xxxviii. 370.
He did nocht ill that fand ȝow half aneuche; Freiris Berw. 144.
Thai gyde nocht ill that governis weill thame sell; Scott iv. 99.
Thocht thow haue nothair geir nor land Think nocht thairfoir he luifis thé ill; Arbuthnot Maitl. F. clxxix. 76.

b. Chiefly with past participles, freq. attributive. (1) Besyly [he] cane hyme haste That il begyt wes, to waste; Leg. S. xl. 208.
We are few men and armit ill; Alex. ii. 3073.
This … many took … as not ill said and nothing against their minde; 1638 Baillie I. 158.
I found this synod very ill constitute; 1659 Hay Diary 5.
The old corns eaten up and the land ill-laboured; 1667 Lauderdale P. II. 15.
It his ben vere ile tymd just after so soleme a proclamation; 1674 Misc. Hist. Soc. I. 287.
He had so il contryved his perjurie, that [etc.]; 1681 Lauder Observes 40.
The article is very ill worded; Turner Mem. 215.
(2) Me think ȝe [of] il rewlit wil Gyf ȝe vald sla … A presoner; Leg. S. xl. 1132.
Sowtaris, with schone weill maid … , Ȝe mend the faltis of ill maid feit; Dunb. xxviii. 14 (B).
Or else he shall have an ill-guided realm; Pitsc. (1728) 172.
They say that the kirk … hath neither son nor heir … , but I know that she is not that ill-friended; Rutherford Lett. (1894) 202.
The rebells that were in the castle … deliverd it up upon a very ill made accord, or a very ill keepd one; Turner Mem. 20.

5. In contexts denoting displeasure, annoyance, or resentment. (1) Disples yow not, sir, be ȝhe not ill paid; Lanc. 907.
This pynull … frut bure neuer nane; Tharof the burges was ill payd; Seven S. 325.
The emprys herd that day delayd: Attour mesour scho was ill payd; Ib. 1166.
(2) He saw a thing [which] hyme lykyt ill; Ratis R. 58.
Tham lykit full ill; Howlat 460.
Our kyne ar slayne and that me likis ill; Wall. i. 308.
The King lykit ill. Euill lykand was the King [etc.]; Rauf C. 39.
(3) I intreat your lordship not to tak it ill since your lordship knoues the caus; 1638 Annandale Corr. 296.

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"Ill adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/ill_adv>



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