A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Hous, Hows, Hus(e, n.1 Also: hous(s)e, houis; hows(s)e, howis(e; hws, husse, huise, hwis, huys. [ME. hous(e, hows(e, hus(e, OE. and ON. hús.]
1. A dwelling-house.
(a) [Per extremitatem terre del Morehuses; c 1320 Liber Calchou 199.
Willelmo de Huntyrhuse; Chart. Neubotle 28.]
That ilke man … sal stand gaird … under the payne of banysing and tyttyn doune of his hus; 1412 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 389.
That wrangwisly scho occupis his huse; 1489 Dunferm. B. Rec. 9.
The disciplis wes gadrit to gider in ane hws; Gau 61/22.
The withhaldaris of the said hwsis; 1545 Corr. M. Lorraine 130.
To the Chanrie or oder gettis out of his awyne huse; 1561 Inverness B. Rec. I. 61.
In the incuming to the hus; 1565 Ib. 120.
In Elspet Culones huse; … in the said husse; 1640 Misc. Spald. C. V. 105.
(b) [Cum tenandia terre de Murhous; 1368 Reg. Great S. (1814) 59/1.]
He hame till his hous is gane; Barb. v. 522.
The formast cumin weir Till a vast husbandis hous; Ib. vii. 151.
The Magdelayne … Thai tuk in hovse and herbry; Leg. S. xvi. 346.
Thre housis that gewine ware; Ib. xxii. 633.
This is dame Venus hous; Alex. ii. 2067.
He … ay will haue entre In hous and in hall hie; Howlat 142.
For the mending and theking of a hous; 1473 Treas. Acc. I. 65.
Ȝour foirstairis makis ȝour housis mirk; Dunb. lxxxii. 17.
This Ark, … Most lyke ane housse with sett on rufe; Lynd. Mon. 1384.
Euirie gentilman and vtheris pairtit to thair housis; Pitsc. II. 235/29.
Margaret … led him but the hous; 1622 Crim. Trials III. 509.
For braiking of Johnne Levie his hous; 1652 Rec. Old Aberd. I. 82.
(c) Alexander … wes syne destroyit throw pwsoune In his awyne hows; Barb. i. 534.
Howsis and thak thai brak; Ib. xii. 396.
Thai lewit the howise, & ȝed thar wa; Leg. S. vii. 726.
All the apostolis semblyt vare In til a howse; Ib. xii. 303.
Thare howssys and men war brynt alsua; Wynt. vii. 2992.
A hows quhar Wallace oysyt to byd; Wall. xi. 998.
Ilk man … that hes thair howse to clenge; 1499 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 76.
Ane hows of his inwyth the burgh; 1509 Prestwick B. Rec. 41.
To help hym wytht the beilding of his howis; 1560 Carte Northberwic 78.
Alexander past on the hows himself, to mend the sam; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 114.
In tabernacle of myne howsse Not lodgeing will I take; Mure Ps. cxxxii. 3.
(d) I left in my huise certane stuff, sic as meill, malt [etc.]; 1548 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 260.
The erle of Dowglas tak[is] the tutour of Bumbie out of his hwis; Pitsc. I. 90 marg.
b. A stronghold, a castle.
Makbeth … set hym than … A gret hows for to mak off were Apon the hycht off Dwnsynane; Wynt. vi. 1962.
The wardane has this castelle tane, A wycht hows made off lyme and stane; Ib. viii. 5616.
Sa feblyst [thai] war … the hous till him thai gaiff; Wall. x. 754.
The king … come him self and askit the said hous [viz. the tower of Dundas]; Asl. MS. I. 236/12.
c. A religious house; a monastery or convent.
Quhen the abbot wes dede, Ewyne … wele gouernyt the hous; Leg. S. xxxi. 265.
For the sawle of … Alis Cambell … that liis in the hous of the Freris Prechouris; 1411 Ayr Fr. Preach. Chart. 45.
The said howse and kyrkwerk of Melros; 1418 Liber Melros 503.
Off Cystews Ordyr is that hows, And Quhyt Mwnkys relygyows; Wynt. vii. 1129.
The saide lord … has gyffyng … to the hous of Aberbrothoc twa pecis of land; 1456 Liber Aberbr. 89.
He distroyit & wastit … lxxx housis of religioun; Asl. MS. I. 202/7.
d. In transf. and figurative use.
God sall … thé out of his hous defend; Ratis R. 1511.
The feyndis infernall … houndit doun … To hellis hole, and to that hiddeous hous; Henr. Fab. 590.
Quhen na hous is bot hell and hevin; Dunb. xxi. 67.
[They] causit it [Rome] … to be callit the hous of warldlie schame; Rolland Seven S. 42.
Item, for mending of goddis hous, iij s.; 1551–2 Ayr Common Good MS.
Becaus this or that planet vas in sik ane hous of the heauin; Burne Disput. 164 b.
2. A building, or part of one, resembling a dwelling-house, but used for some other purpose.
Usually as the second element in compounds, as Ale-, Bake-, Brew-, Charter-, Counsell-, Cunȝehous, but occas. with of.
At the sayde frere … mycht byge … a hous of almes; 1464 Peebles B. Rec. 151.
Ane [sneck] for … the dore of the hous of office; 1629 M. Works Acc. XXI. 41.
That in everie schyre … thair be ane schooll or hous of wertue erected; 1641 Acts V. 392/1.
b. A structure (usually small or of moderate size) resembling a house, used for storage, keeping of animals, or similar purposes.
Payit to the wricht that maid the houses on [the cannons] Messingeir and Talbart iiij dayis wage; 1501 Treas. Acc. II. 25.
Na persoun … sall haild ony syen [= swine] wtwith … housses; 1520 Stirling B. Rec. 2.
For the mending of the hous of the bellis; 1580 Reg. Eccl. S. Trin. 162.
All the persones within toun who hes any swyne, to keep them within cruives or houssis; 1657 Peebles B. Rec. II. 44.
The use of his houses, especially for girneling and keiping of his victuall; 1665 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. II. 9.
c. A compartment.
In the chamber, ane press of twa housses; 1630 Bamff Chart. 223.
3. A number of persons related by descent from the founder of a family.
Off that hous and that famylle He wes off kyn and off renowne; Wynt. iv. 2634.
The fair citie … quhair Floridas the fre Beleuit with him as of house; Alex. ii. 5.
Sene our houssys ar of the auld allyat; 1515 Douglas Corr. 72.
His hous and famell … Onto sic riches and greit honour grew; Stewart 41160.
Sum off ȝour houssis hes bene … deiectit to pouertie; Winȝet I. 8/12.
Thir nobill and ancient housse of Lyndsayis; Pitsc. I. 109/11.
Frome him the hous and clann of the Cumeinis first vpsprang; Dalr. I. 325/6.
The most pairt wes cum of the hous of Rothimay, kyn, freind, or allya; Spalding I. 50.
Ther was never any deshendet of your Lordships hous who desayers mor your Lordships' honor than I have done; 1663 Wemyss Corr. 131.
b. A household.
The fadere is maist of all the hous, barnis, seruandis and vthire; Irland Mir. I. 26/6.
4. Attrib. with bible, brod, cloak, clock, cock, dog, flure, gown, hede, hen, hicht, hire, hund, irne, lurdane, meting, menȝie, mess (mass), nuke, rigging, wife.
Most of these are not recorded as in English use or are of earlier date.
Ane hous bybile; 1633 Edinb. Test. LVI. 204.
Ane large and ane less house bible; 1694 Inchmahome Pr. 164.
Fyftene hinging house broads; 1650 Edinb. Test. LXV. ii b.
Ane house cloak worth xx merks; 1649 Ib. LXIV. 154.
One house clock with its bell; 1653 Soc. Ant. XXIII. 300.
Our hous cok sall the houris of the nycht Alswele devyde as ony orlage richt; Fyve Bestes 133.
[All] hous dogis, messenis, and quholpis; Spalding I. 195.
The hous flure was full of blud; Seven S. 440.
Ane hous gowne lynnit throw with furres; 1637 Edinb. Test. LVIII. 88.
Ane gray serge house goune; 1649 Ib. LXIV. 256 b.
Troianys … Rent turettis doune and of hous hedis the thak; Doug. ii. viii. 20.
Thay … schot diuerss schotis fra the houss heid; Spalding I. 182.
Payand … ȝeirlie … twelf hous hennis; 1558 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 491.
Fra the first jaistis vp, quhilk was … biggit vp tua hous hicht; Maitland Ho. Seytoun 37.
[To build] ane sufficient prisoun-hous of three hous hicht; 1579 Hist. Dumfries App. 148.
With tents and gallowses of a houshight; 1659 Edinb. B. Rec. IX. 167.
For pynor fee, hous hir, [etc.]; 1495 Halyb. 89.
Of hym that slais a mannis hous hund; Acts I. 13/2.
Fyve scoir stanes of hous irne; 1570 Edinb. Test. i a. 74 b.
Thy prayer is not half sa holie, Houselurdane, as it semis; Philotus cxi.
If these usurpers should cry doun house mettings, … we ought to keep mettings in houses especially; 1680 Soc. Antiq. XLV. 235.
I speik nocht lyk thair hous menȝie; Dunb. xviii. 33.
They repaire commonly vnto Airth … quher they have thair house mes at their pleasure; 1587 Bk. Univ. Kirk II. 717.
Betwixt David Aedies house noocke and the nearest kirk style; 1646 Aberd. Council Lett. III. 65.
The burges … saw ane hole tyruit in the hous rigging; Rolland Seven S. 3436.
He come sone in the hous, and fand The howswyff on the benk sittand; Barb. vii. 238(E).
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"Hous n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 May 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/hous_n_1>
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