A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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God, n. Also: gode, goid; poss. and pl. godis, goddis. -ys. [ME. and OE. god.]

1. A divine being; a deity. Of thare god gat thai nan answere; Leg. S. viii. 10.
Thir are goddis in fowrme of mene; Ib. xi. 232.
Quhy thoie ȝe thame oure godis tak? Ib. xx. 226.
Off batylle, wyne, wynd, and se, Thai feyhne that thir sulde goddys be; Wynt. i. 1501.
Mars wes god callyt of bataille; Ib. v. 4871.
Behald quhat-kin present That our goddis hes to vs sent; Alex. i. 200.
Tharfor is he callit a servand to fals goddis; Hay I. 28/10.
Saturn and Iubiter … goddis of the aire, … and Mars god of batell; Asl. MS. I. 324/18.
A monstir maid be god Mercurius; Kennedy Flyt. 490.
Terribil figuris apperis to my sycht Of gret goddis; Doug. ii. x. 110.
I tak witnes to the goddis eterne that I inferrit na weris to Romanis; Boece iv. iii. 128 b.
Sum makis Goddis of stock and staine; G. Ball. 173.

2. God in the specific Christian sense. God may rycht weill our werdis dele; Barb. ii. 329.
Syne lovit thai god of thair metyng; Ib. iv. 515.
How that men ma ensample ta For to serwe god; Leg. S. Prol. 30.
Als god gaff thame sic mycht; Ib. 112.
Be the law of Gode a heid for a heid; Acts I. 375/2.
Sic dedis … stanch the vreth of god almycht; Ratis R. 641.
God abowyn has send ws sum ramede; Wall. i. 178.
The persoune that maid it behufit to be baithe god and man; Irland Mir. I. 92/37.
The quhilk thift the said Walter denyit & tuke hyme to gode … tharupone; 1515 Fife Sheriff Ct. 15.
Nochtheles, gode of his diuyne bounte, heffand compassione of his pure pepil [etc.]; Compl. 2/27.
I hope in God … Of better freinds to se ane blyither sicht; 1570 Sat. P. xxiv. 60.

b. In the possessive goddis, godis, with various nouns. (See also 3 b.) Hyr dochtir, that … Wes coupillyt in-to goddis band With Walter; Barb. iv. 41.
On goddis fayis myne hert to bere; Ib. xx. 191.
Til scho consawit godis sone of hewyne; Leg. S. Prol. 48.
He can … arise Of goddis grace haile and fere; Ib. i. 291.
To … preche godis word alquhare; Ib. xxvii. 673.
For this fredwme wyth … Goddis helpe mak we defens; Wynt. vi. 27.
All seke man is goddis prisounare; Hay I. 229/23.
Sen thai do goddis service; Ib. 236/34.
Thai ar al cursyt be Godis law; Thewis Gud Women 294.
On hir dependit the cummyn of Goddis sone; Irland Mir. I. 137/20.
Ȝour trew seruandis [are but] sylly goddys apys; Doug. iv. Prol. 21.
O hald ȝour pace, ȝe verray goddis apis; Ib. vi. Prol. 11.
The next falt, the flecht to be eschet and delt to Goddis foulkis; 1529 Stirling B. Rec. I. 37.
The … wphalding of Godis seruice at thar altar of Sanct Mark; 1530 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 22.
Heir is now annwch of Godis gud; Freiris Berw. 315 (B).
Item, for mending of goddis hous, iij s.; 1551–2 Ayr Common Good MS. I hope to be admittit ane of Godis airmie; Winȝet II. 5/25.

c. Christ. Quhen he a fyngyr of his hand Had put depe in goddis syd; Leg. S. vi. 689.
At Edynburgh the xxvj day of Maij the yhere of god Mill.ccc iiijxx and nyne; 1389 Liber Melros 449.
Off quhome come oure suet Lady, Goddys modyr, myld Mary; Wynt. ii. 234.
A preste … berand Goddis body on him till a seke man; Hay I. 202/26.
The plakkis … bering … the dait of the yeir of God 1557; 1572 Reg. Privy C. II. 160.

3. a. In phrases emphasizing a request or entreaty, esp. for Godis sake. Thane com a pylgrime … to the ȝet, … For Goddis sak entre askand; Leg. S. iii. 1003.
Thar-for for godis are, Lewe now & sper at me nomare; Ib. xviii. 494.
For Goddis aw, how durst thow tak on hand … To put him fra his tak; Henr. Fab. 2731.
Help ower, … For Goddis lufe; Ib. 2777.
For God saik hast the boy again; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 108.
Quha can do bettir, sa furth in Goddis name; Doug. i. Prol. 477.
Awalk for Goddis deid; Freiris Berw. 234.
Oftymes he cryed for Godis saike to dispatche him; Bann. Memor. 64.
Ernestlie requeisting thame for goddis caus to execut … this hir lattre will; 1595 Edinb. Test. XXVIII. 233 b.

b. In the oaths be God, be Goddis blude, breid, etc. (Freq. referring to Christ.) (1) Be god, a war chance fall sall ȝe; Seven S. 787.
And he persew, be god I sall not spair To follow him; Henr. Fab. 2479.
He … swoir to hir be God, That [etc.]; Dunb. xxxii. 38.
Be god, thow dar nocht dud; Peblis to Play 122.
Be greit God … That spuilȝie salbe full deir bocht; Lynd. Meldrum 138.
That I sall do, be God; Ib. 324.
(2) Be Goddis blud, he sayd, yhe sang; Wynt. viii. 915.
Be goddis wondis, fals tratour, thow sall die; Henr. Fab. 1689 (B).
The fleschour sweiris be godis woundis; Dunb. xxxiv. 41 (M).
Be goddis blud, quod the tauernneir; Ib. 46.
He swore be goddis cokkis and mannis bayth; Peblis to Play 188.
I will thame haif be goddis dignite; Freiris Berw. 297 (M).
Ȝe reve, gudman, be goddis breid; Lynd. Sat. Procl. 230.
Or ȝe tuik skaith, be God[i]s goun [B. crown], I leuer [etc.]; Ib. 393.
That sall I nocht, be God[i]s wounds; Ib. 991.
That sall we do … be God[i]s passioun; Ib. 1438.
Be Goddis croce, I sall hir tak away perforce; Id. Meldrum 1259.

c. Used as an exclamation. A, deir God, quha had beyn by; Barb. vi. 171.
Hevinly god! said the heynd, how happynis this thing? Gol. & Gaw. 265.

4. In verbal phrases expressing a wish, stating a condition, or qualifying a statement. See also the verbs assoilȝe, forbede, forbid, forȝelde, gif, will(and) and wate. (1) God help him, that all mychtis may; Barb. iii. 360.
God furthir vs in-till our fair; Ib. iv. 627.
God sauf thame for his gret mercy; Ib. vi. 672.
He suld resaue thankfully the pane of ded, … as god grant ws all to do; Craft of Deyng 266.
In come Gib Hunter, our jolie cat, And bad god speid; Henr. Fab. 326.
Fair on, fals theif, God keip me fra thy feid; Ib. 575.
God ȝeild ȝow, Schir, for that text weill I knaw; Ib. 724.
God gif thé sorowe … with all thy decepciouns and fallace; Boece vi. ii. 188.
God me save, Those beine the tydandis fainest I wald have; Clar. ii. 481.
God haue mercy on me; Lynd. Mon. 620.
God thank thee, doctour, for thy dayis wark; Rolland Seven S. 2712.
Fair weal and god keip ȝou; Buch. Wr. 58.
In Elgin I hard of miscontentment amangis frendis. God mend it! 1628 Fam. Innes 217.
(2) Sa god me save, The kynryk ȝharn I nocht to have; Barb. i. 157.
Sa god me se That fyre wes neuir maid on for me; Ib. v. 53.
Sa god me saue, I sall se first the grete bargane Begin; Alex. i. 280.
Of … thy brotheris deid I am sorrowfull, sa god me reid; Ib. ii. 93.
I can not spell, quod he, sa God me speid; Henr. Fab. 1002.
My sympilnes … Wait of na way, sa god me saiff; Dunb. lvii. 22.
I think, sa God me saiff, He suld haue place amang the laif; Lynd. Meldrum 44.
(3) Gyve God will, ouris sall be this day; Wynt. viii. 2565.
We think, god grantand, to make finable accorde betwix thaim in this mater; 1416 Liber Melros 539.
Will God, I sall eschape this tresoune fals; Wall. iv. 766.
The womannis dede, will God, thow sall der by; Ib. vi. 241.
(4) God knawys gyf thar be mony in thire tymes [etc.]; Myll Spect. 294/10.
God knawis in Scotland quhat he had ado With baith the sydis, or he culd bring vs to; 1573 Sat. P. xxxix. 343.
God knawis how farre it essayit my patience quhen I met with that man; 1586 Warrender P. MS. 175.

b. With omission of the verb. Than said the uolf, Now god nor that I hang; Henr. Fab. 2113.
God … Nor ane stark widdy gar me gaip; Dunb. xxxiv. 77.
God nor my trewker mence ane tedder; Lynd. Sat. 1325.
The Thane of Caldar, schir, God ȝow gude morne; Stewart 39716.

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"God n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 May 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/god>



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