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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Gar, v. Also: gare, garr(e, gaur. P.t. and p.p. gart, gairtt; garrit, garid, gard. [Var. of Ger v., with normal change of -er to -ar, becoming common in the 15th cent.]

1. tr. To cause (something) to be done. 1386 Rotuli Sc. II. 85/2.
Gyf any of thair bondys trespas in that manere the lordes sal gar it be amendyt
1435 Ayr Burgh Crt. Bk. 19 Dec.
To gar the said John be seruit of the said some
c1460 Wisd. Sol. 463.
Al the werkis … that I … mycht study … to gar be done
1519 Buccleuch Mun. II. 134.
Officiaris sik as clerkis, … and dempstaris to maik, cheis, and gare be sworne
1532 Reg. Cupar A. I. 136.
We haue gart our commoun sele to be appendit heirto
1549 Compl. 2/15.
The actis that ȝour prudens garris daly be exsecut
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. cv. 4.
All lesingis … Thai put in writt and garris thame be prentit

2. To give instructions, take measures, to (do or make something).(a) 14.. Acts I. 344/2.
Thai salbe chargit to gare put thaim in cedule
a1500 Bk. Chess 641.
For his douchter [is] chargit be the quene To gar instruct thaim
1499 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 430.
We sal gar set the stanis on the heid of the hillokis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lix. 23.
Punes him … Or gar deliver him ane babile
1515 Treas. Acc. V. 47.
To gar mak beil fyris and cast gunnys
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 1027.
Ryse, and gar mak our denner reddie
1590 St. A. Kirk S. 676.
Sche prayis for Goddis saik to gar baptis the barne
1604-31 Craig v. 33.
In this place a private graue gar make
(b) 1488 Treas. Acc. I. 90.
To garr mende the hous of the artilȝere
a1500 Seven S. 263.
Schir, garris kepe him quhill the morne
1513 Doug. iv. v. 157.
Eneas … he gan aspy … garrand beild new lugyngis
(b) 1410 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 30.
The quhilk borrowis we gart inrolle
1415 Ib. 37.
Til thir our letteris … we haf gart put the grit seil of our office
c1460 Wisd. Sol. 461.
Al the werkis … that I had gart mak wnder the sone
c1475 Wall. xi. 989.
Wallace … gart warn his eyme the auchtand nycht
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 269.
The battall syne of Spottismuir he gart cause
1558-66 Knox I. 383.
The said Frensche King … gart put his youngar brother … in strait presoun
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 114.
The queen's Majestie being in Dunbar, gart mak ane proclamatioun
c1615 Chron. Kings 76.
He gartt aprehend him and justifie him
c1650 Spalding I. 344.
The King gart ward bothe these commissioneris
(b) 1497 Dunferm. B. Rec. 80.
Rob Gebson … garit call Rob Boswyll [to] answar to the bowrch
1584 Acts III. 306/1.
He layit the wayis for the said maister James and garrit await for him

3. To make or cause (a person or thing) to do something. Const. with simple infin.(a) 1443 Highland P. II. 178.
The said Schir Duncan sall gar the said Charlis gif his lettris of qwytcleme
a1500 Seven S. 310.
To gud the tre than couth he bid To gar it bere
1503 Lanark B. Rec. 12.
To gar Rob Flemyn cwm to set up the buttis
1535 Stewart 56691.
Difficill is to gar ane cowart stand
1549 Compl. 163/7.
Al this … suld be an animaduertens to gar ȝou be vigilant
1569 Bann. Mem. 11.
That will gar thair hartis trumbill
Gar thaim pay euerie ȝeir an guid tribute
1596 Dalr. I. 110/30.
Sal I gar this wound sa gret bleid agane?
(b) c1460 Wys Man's Consail 64.
It … fra all gud men garris thaim seuer
1483 Acta Conc. II. p. cxiii.
The chasing … of thair ky, garring thame cast calfis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 172.
Thy skolderit skin … Garris men dispyt thar flesche
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 8.
He sal geif the interpretation … , garryng thayme all writ
1596 Dalr. II. 213/2.
Nouther horrour or feir of deith wald garr thame tell
1603 Philotus cxxx.
Quhat garris ȝow braid? … quhat haue ȝe sene?
(c) 1417 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 38.
That ȝe … gare the foirsaide bischope haff his teind pennye
1461 Liber Plusc. 387.
To slok youre syt, and gare you mak gud cheire
c1420 Ratis R. 1211.
To gare vs vnderstand … Quhat is wertew
1535 Stewart 456.
To stanche thift … and wrang gare seis
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxii. 310.
Al the poure men … he gart cum til hyme
c1420 Wynt. v. 1223.
This gart Sanct Gregor tak him tyll That seiknes
c1475 Wall. v. 148.
Kerle … Wndir the chokkeis the grounden suerd gart glid
1529 Rec. Earld. Orkney 58.
[They] on force gart me rander … your grace's hous to thame
1540 Lynd. Sat. 1393.
Thay gart mee stand fra thame askar
1569 Bann. Memor. 1569.
I think mony tyme, the devill gart men make now to be ane regent
1622 Glasgow Weavers 68.
He had gart him play clatter on the cassie lyk ane auld pige
ellipt. a1568 Scott xxxiv. 55.
Thay wary ȝou that gart it
(b) (c 1580) Alex. i. 994.
He him to the ground gard ga
a1585 Maitl. Q. xxxv. 157.
Gud Judith garrit him bleid
1588 Misc. Spald. C. II. 62.
Ane schemfull deid I gairtt thame de
1610 Edinb. Test. XLVI. 177.
My siluir pyk tuith quhilk I garid Allexander Lowis bring hame out of Flanders

4. To make, cause, or do (something). 1438 Misc. Spald. C. V. 391.
In the cas quhar the hyding off suthfastnes ma gaur scathe
1490 Irland Mir. I. 73/3.
God may gar that he be neuir borne
1535 Stewart 58389.
With bitter teiris garrand hir cheikis weit
1662 Soc. Ant. (1888) 231.
The said Janet said she should gar him alse good

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"Gar v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <>



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