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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Gain-, Gayn-, Gan(e)stand, v. [Northern ME. gayn-stande (a 1340). Cf. Againstand v.]

1. tr. To stand against, resist, oppose.(a) ?1438 Alex. i. 1940.
Na strenth of men micht thame ganestand
1456 Hay II. 28/26.
To gaynstand all thame that settis thame for the distrublaunce of the pore peple
c1475 Wall. i. 268.
Part of thar ire me think we suld gaynstand
Ib. x. 488.
For till kep fre that thow art gaynstandand
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 188/18.
Thai suld help thaim gif ony wald ganestand thaim to entre
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iv. 393.
Quhat causit me my brother to ganestand?
1567 Reg. Privy C. I. 567.
Myndand na thing ellis bot to ganestand his Hienes authoritie
a1578 Pitsc. I. 69/19.
To gainstand thair enemies in France
(b) c1420 Wynt. viii. x. (W).
How Johne the Bellioll … Ganestude King Edwardis bidding
1531 Bell. Boece II. 41.
He slew baith commonis and nobillis … that ganestude his command
1562-3 Winȝet II. 24/28.
Insafer the mair reddelie he gainstuid new inuentionis
1596 Dalr. II. 232/16.
Godly men … quha resisted and ganestud thair doengs
(c) 1562-3 Winȝet I. 130/16.
Ȝe haif ay gainstand the Haly Spreit

b. To be repugnant to. a1578 Pitsc. I. 65/7.
It gainestude sum menis conscience

2. intr. To offer resistance; to be opposed (to something). 1456 Hay I. 200/2.
Law naturale has grauntit that privilege till all creature naturale, to gaynstand and resist to thair undoyng
c1475 Wall. vi. 361.
To this proffyr gaynstandand giff he be
Ib. x. 781.
Lordis gaynstud, but all thai helpyt nocht
1482 Peebles B. Rec. 190.
With hayll and fre alection … , ilkaman be hys awn voce and nocht ane ganstandand
a1500 Doug. K. Hart 394.
All that ganestude he straik deid in the flure
1599 Glasgow Weavers 50 (see Gainstandar).

3. Nocht gainstandand, notwithstanding. (Cf. Againstandand.) 1456 Hay I. 119/27.
Nocht gaynstandand all thir argumentis
Ib. 164/1.
All thir resouns nocht gaynstandand, I hald all the contrair
Ib. 294/34.
Nocht gaynstandand, he did nocht Goddis bidding

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"Ganstand v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 May 2024 <>



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