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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Gage, Gadge, n.1 [ME. gage (14th c.), OF. gage, guage. Cf. Wage n.]

1. A pledge for the performance of some undertaking or obligation. In early use esp. in gage of battle.(a) ?1438 Alex. ii. 6222.
Thow ȝarned to haue sa great ane gage, Now tak that, vassale, for thy wage
1456 Hay I. 75/5.
To prove a mannis caus criminale be gage of armes in close bataill
Ib. 256/7.
Till enquere all the cas that law levis gage of bataill in
c1475 Wall. vi. 86.
Thow sall los a gage Quhilk neuir in erd sall be redemyt agayne
1490 Irland Mirr. I. 27/45.
The haly spreit … is the manere of a gage and wede, to mak ws sure and sekyre of oure heretage
1550 Treas. Acc. IX. 452.
To Johnne Andersoun, for halsbedis, braislattis, and certane uthir gagis
1591 Edinb. Test. XXIII. 275 b.
The lord Jesus … is abill to keip my gagis quhilk I haue committit to him vnto that greit day
(b) a1585 Maitl. Q. lxxii. 15.
Quhilk is the gadge and pand Maist suir that I can geif
1622-6 Bisset II. 236/14.
Nae hostillare … may tak … maryneris armoure in gadge or wad
1681 Colvil Whig's Suppl. i. 77.
By usury on wedds and gadges Taken from widows

2. pl. Wages. 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 16.
Hys gagis to be payit to hym or hys deput of the archdenry
The gagis of the rectour, censouris, thesaurair, and beddel
1612 Lett. Eccles. Affairs I. 297.
My sone-in-law, … has exercised ane publick professioune … without onie gages

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"Gage n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 Apr 2024 <>



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