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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Fleming, Flemyng, n. Also: Flam(m)yng, Flemeing, -ying, Flemyn(e, Fleaming, Fleeming, -yng, Flemming. [ME. Flemyng, late OE. Flæming, ON. Flæmingr, MDu. Vlaming.]

1. A native of Flanders; a Fleming. 1359 Exch. R. I. 602.
[Unius Flammyngi de Flandria
1365 Rot. Scotiæ 893/1.
David Flemyng, militem de Scotia
1366 Reg. Great S. (1814) 51/2.]
Quondam Malcolmus Flamyng, comes de Vygtonia
1375 Barb. iv. 240.
A were … betuix France and the Flemynnis fell
Ib. xvii. 239.
Johne Crab, a Flemyne [E. Flemyng]
1515 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 156.
The said Flemyngis alledgit … that the bill gevin vpoun thame was nocht of veritie
The Flemynis and strangearis
1547 Corr. M. Lorraine 190.
I am informyt that thair is ane Spanyert send in Flanderis to bring Flemyngis in our contrar
1587 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 436.
The foure Flemyngs, clengeours and cureris of the pest
1612 Melrose P. 89.
Concerning that priviledge by the Fleaming petitioned to make brinston, vitreale, and allome
1626 Garden Worthies 131.
Sir James Stewart … was by the Fleemings taken, and in Flanders died

b. Attrib. with barge, lauch, schip, wobster. 1357 1st Rep. Hist. MSS. 121.
Cum omnibus rectitudinibus … una cum lege Fleminga que dicitur Fleming lauch
1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 92.
Thair is ane Flemyng schip … tane be Franchemen
a 1568 Sempill Sat. P. xlvi. 1.
I haif a littill Fleming berge
1593–4 Misc. Spald. C. V. 57.
At the bying … of the Fleming schip with salt, hoip, and enȝeounis
1588 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 518.
The twa Flemyng wobsters dwelland within this burgh
1600 Ib. V. 287.
The intertenement at bed and buird of the sevin Flemyng wobsters

2. A make of woollen cloth. 1601 Conv. Burghs II. 108.
Braid claithe and flemmings, freises, grogranis, and vther stuffis, sic as ar maid in Flanders of Scottis woll

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"Fleming n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jul 2024 <>



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