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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).

Dragoun, Dragon(e, n.1 Also: dragoune, -own(e. [ME. dragon(e, -oun, dragun (c 1220), OF. dragon, dragun.]

1. A dragon.(a) a1400 Leg. S. iv. 344.
A fel dragon com tham till Blawand fei fyre one tham
Ib. x. 152.
Ane sad, the wechis war cumand With twa dragonyse
1490 Lanark B. Rec. 7.
For beryn of the dragon and mendyn of it, viij d.
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 169/21.
Merwalus bestis and dragonis, … cocatrice & basiliskis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxvii. 29.
That … brak the hellis dungeoun most terrible, And chest the dragonis hidous and horribile
15.. Clar. i. 47.
As dreidfull dragonis thay togidder drave
(b) c1420 Wynt. i. 577.
Gryphys gret nerhande thaim ar, And dragownys
Ib. v. 170.
Twa gret dragownys and wgly Ruschyd owte
1456 Hay I. 48/20.
A ryver … quhare thare was a dragoun grete and felloun
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 342.
I to flyt was als fers as ane fell dragoun
1531 Bell. Boece II. 63.
Ane crownit dragoun wes sene birnand in the lift
1540 Treas. Acc. VII. 320.
Ane quhissill of gold of mynde … with ane dragoun annamulit
a1578 Pitsc. I. 365/28.
To cause thingis to appeir quhilk was as flieand dragouns in the air
attrib. c1500 Rowll Cursing 192 (B).
Thai hafe lang tailis … Dragoun heidis and warwolf nalis

b. To rais dragoun, to commit havoc. 1375 Barb. ii. 205.
He … bad him men off armys ta, & in all hy till Scotland ga, And byrn, and slay, and rais dragoun

2. Applied to persons, the devil, death, etc. c1475 Wall. xi. 287.
Lordis, behald, inwy the wyle dragoun, In cruell fyr he byrnys this regioun
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 249.
Dathan deuillis sone and dragon dispitous
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 263.
Be dragonis baitht and dowis, ay in double forme
Id. viii. 17.
O duilfull death! O dragon dolorous!
1537 Lynd. Depl. Magd. 15.
Dungin is the deidly dragon Lucifer, Ib. xxxviii. 9. O dreidfull dragoun, with thy dulefull dart
1588 King Cat. 36.
Quhen we … behalde the dragon with his mouthe oppin reddy to deuoire ws

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"Dragoun n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 7 Oct 2022 <>



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