A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Herin(g, Heiring, n. Also: hery(i)ng, -ynn, -e(i)ne; heirring, heyring; hear(r)ing, -ine. [ME. (north.) heirreng (1477), hering, OE. hǽring, héring. Cf. Haring and Herring.]

1. Herring; a herring. In pl., chiefly uninflected, as a collective. For further examples, see Grene a. 4 c, Saltit a., Rede Hering. a. sing. and coll. (a) Salt and heryng … sall be salde in the schyp; Acts I. 22/2.
Pro expensis factis circa confectionem unius laste allecum, que dicuntur syse heryun; 1429 Exch. R. IV. 519.
Of ilk last of beire, mele, hering, or of sic like thing … viij d.; 1447 Dundee Chart. 24.
The fox the flewer of the fresche hering [v.r. heiring] feillis; Henr. Fab. 2022.
Gret plente and tak of herying; Bell. Boece I. xxxiii.
That ane bynd and mesour be maid for salmond, hering, and keling; 1540 Acts II. 375/2.
For four rubbovris to tak herene to Ed[inburgh]; 1554–5 Ayr Common Good Acc.
Every man ane eg at the mailteth or ane heryng; Buch. Wr. 7.
To bye ma hering nor fiftie thowsand hering in ane day; 1611 Conv. Burghs II. 327.
The West sea hering … continewit fresche … almoist all winter; 1656 Nicoll Diary 188.
(b) Thair come in our firth ane scuill of heirinng; Pitsc. II. 317/2.
The heiring to be callour slayne, stif, cleir [etc.]; 1584 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 343.
Ilk last heyring fyve schillings; 1594 Conv. Burghs I. 441.
Johne Hunter … grantit the gathering of grvnd heiring at the Trvne on the Saboth day; 1604 Dundonald Par. Rec. 61.
All heyring to be mett thairwith; 1611 Conv. Burghs II. 327.
(c) Ane boit … quhilk … wes hurt in the careing of the said hearing; 1602 Shetland Sheriff Ct. 23 b.
Thay … pairted thair hearine and fisches quhilk thay had gottin; 1609 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 72 b.
Few or none hearing gotten; 1657 Lamont Diary 102.
b. pl. All sortes of fisches, as hearinges, whytings [etc.]; Fowler II. 193/28.
Twa veschellis befallis to tak heringis or makrellis; Bisset II. 249/10.
A merchand … bringing in hearings to a frie port; 1636 Aberd. Council Lett. II. 56.
Payit for herenis and buttir; 1656 Mun. Univ. Glasg. III. 579.
I intreat yow and your Lady will take in good part a teastting of our wastland hearrings; 1658 Laing MSS. I. 309.

2. Attrib. with bark, net, oyllie; barrel, mett, trie. (1) All … graith pertening to his said schip, … hering, hering nettis, [etc.]; 1540 Acta Conc. MS. XIII. 183.
Tua barrellis of hering oyllie; 1577 Edinb. Test. MS. VI. 67.
Four hering nettis, ane greitling and ane smalling; 1590 Ib. XXI. 193.
The English pirat who had takin the hering bark; Spalding II. 340.
(2) Pro … duabus lastis de hering barrellis salmonum; 1428 Exch. R. IV. 433.
Twa haill heirring barrellis; 1592 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 72.
All cowperis sall mak thair hering barrellis ticht, stark, and sufficient treyis; 1609 Conv. Burghs II. 284.
In the harrin barne … twa old rousing cadges with ane hering mett; 1667 Edinb. Test. LXXIII. 107 b.
All salmond or herin tries that goes abroad sall be all marked with the touns marking irone; 1675 Dundee B. Laws 160.

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"Herin(g n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Jun 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/dost17440>



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