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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Depart, Depairt, v. Also: depart(e, depert(e. [ME. departe (c 1300), OF. departir.]

1. intr. To go away; to remove oneself.(a) a1350 Facs. Nat. MSS. II. 14.
Dicti [homines] … recedent [gl. sal depart]
1375 Barb. vi. 552.
Than Iohn of Lorn com to the plas Quhar-fra the kyng departit was
1456 Hay I. 117.
He that departis fra the ost in the tyme of semble
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 226.
Scho … at the last departing culd hir dres [etc.]
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 265/19.
He fenȝeit himself to depart hamwart
1531 Bell. Boece II. 53.
Ane devill … quhilk come to him, … and departit ay in the breking of the day
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 1775.
I wait it wes aganis hir hart That sche did from hir lufe depart
1568 Buch. Indict. 38.
He departit furth of Stirveling towardis Glescow
1596 St. A. Baxter Bks. 58.
That nane depart nor gang away
(b) 1554 Grant Chart. 113.
Quhen scho … depertis furthe of Knokendocht
1567 Sat. P. ii. 65.
Scho did depairt than with ane vntrew traine
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 53.
The quenis grace depairtit to Dunbar
a1578 Pitsc. II. 208/16.
The … murthurar cowartlie depairtit be the quenis convoy
1606 Conv. Burghs II. 228.
Giff ony persoun sall depairt without payment of thair … feyis
c1650 Spalding I. 216.
His Majesteis schipis to depairt … with the first fair wynd
1655 Blairs P. 171.
I haue neuer recaiued on letter … since I depairted from thence

b. To leave this life; to pass away.(a) c1500-c1512 Dunb. vii. 87.
As I think … Or thow departe, at lenthe for to discry
1535 Stewart 35459.
King Ethilstone into the tyme wes deid, … And Malcolme als departit wes and gone
1549 Compl. 155/2.
Quhen ve depart ve sal be vile and abhominabil
1568 Pref. Lyndesay 4.
And now ȝour maister Tailȝeour at the plesure of God is departit
1576 Edinb. Test. IV. 119 b.
In cais the cheild … depart & leve not
1590 Digest Justiciary Proc. M. 18.
Thy said nwreis … immediatlie departit be the said poyssoun
(b) 1562-3 Winȝet I. 124/18.
That the sanctis depertit heirfra sai be alyke … to the angelis
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 296.
Capitane Skougall depairtit at the plesour of God, of ane hurt
a1578 Pitsc. II. 310/5.
The Earle of Argyle … depairtit of this presentt lyff verrie haistelie
1603 Moysie 27.
Ane great wynd that bred sundrie disseases … and maid aidged personis depairt
1625 Elgin B. Rec. II. 188.
George Dowglasse quha depairted the aleavint of Januar

c. tr. (With life as object.) 1570-3 Bann. Trans. 177.
Captane Meiving departit this lyfe
1585 Misc. Spald. C. II. 343.
Ony of my … executouris that hapinis to depairt this lyfe
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 157.
The said Iames wes depairtit this lyff
16.. Hist. Kennedy 67.
Scho depairtit this lyff in Stiltoune

2. intr. To go asunder or apart; to separate. 1375 Barb. ii. 169.
Thus gat maid thai thar acquentance, That neuir syne … Departyt quhill thai lyffand war
a1400 Leg. S. xxix. 386.
Other for to tyne the lyf Or depart thare fra his wyf
c1420 Wynt. vii. 1370.
Thir kyngis twa togyddyr met, … Thare thai departyd nowcht all sawcht
1456 Hay I. 12/24.
As of the see departis all othir wateris
c1475 Wall. x. 527.
Thus thai depertyt; the Bruce past his way
1492 Myll Spect. 291/17.
He was maire hevy to depart with hyr na for all the laif
15.. Clar. i. 923.
Ah! sall I now forgoe my warld blise, That so we sould depairt
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1810.
That sall I do … or we depart
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4698.
Tha y haue grit prerogatyffis, That may depart ay with thair wyffis
1560 Rolland Seven S. Prol. 138.
Sair I rew … that we twa suld depart
1567 G. Ball. 65.
Lat nocht my hart vnkyndlie depart From the rycht lufe of thy mercie
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 6.
Ther [they] aggreit weill togidder, and depairtit syndrie agane
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xxxix. 12.
Adeu nou; be treu nou, Sen that we must depairt

3. tr. To put or keep asunder or apart; to separate, divide. 1375 Barb. vii. 626.
Schir Amer, that wes vis, Departit thame with mekill pane
a1400 Leg. S. xvi. 958.
Fra the saule & the body War departyte
Ib. xxix. 144.
Licht & merknes I can ma, & syne departyt thame in twa
c1420 Wynt. v. 5171.
That se departand Off Frawns the kynrykys and Ingland
Ib. vii. 270.
Wyth hyr hys lyff … he thowcht to lede Departyd quhyll thai suld be wyth dede
?1438 Alex. ii. 8435.
Betuene thame salbe great melle, Bot gif thay sone departit be
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1923.
Quhen saull and bodie departit ar in twane
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 154/28.
Europia & Affrica is departit be the arme of the se
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 1194.
Imaginand, intill his hart, How he thir luiferis micht depart
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2368.
I … neuer sall, quhill deid vs twa depart

b. To separate or divide (one thing or person) fra another. a1400 Leg. S. l. 597.
Fra his luf I neuirmare sall Be departyt
c1420 Wynt. i. 218.
The brukyd bestys and the wayre He gert depart fra quhyt and fayre
Ib. v. 5550.
Fra that the saule frely Departyd wes fra the body
1456 Hay I. 236/27.
We say that the state … of men of kirk is departit and disseverit fra the temporale
1490 Irland Mir. fol. 143 b.
This haly saule … suld na manere of way bene departit or seuerit fra his diuinite
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxxviii. 23.
The blisfull day [is] departit fro the nycht
15.. Clar. i. 1380.
I am adread … That ȝe from me Clariodus depairt

4. To separate or divide into two or more parts. 1375 Barb. v. 432.
The Douglas syne his menȝe Gert in seir placis departit be
Ib. x. 40.
His men departit he in twa
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 440.
With a balance … Thai banis he departit thare
1392 Lennox Mun. 47.
The sayde landis sal ewynly be departyt be the sycht of gud men
c1420 Wynt. i. i. 5.
I wylle departe now this tretis In nyne bukis
Ib. 149.
[The Nile is] Departyde syne in fyffe and twa Syndry partis
?1438 Alex. ii. 4325.
Porrus … Thirles the battellis and departis
1438 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 48.
The halfe of the tenement … that was quhilom Schir Robert Adeson as it is … be hym departit and biggit
1513 Doug. x. iii. 35.
Lyke as ane gem … Departis the gold set amydwart the ryng
refl. 1375 Barb. vi. 543.
Thar-for departis vs in thre
Ib. 563.
He bad till his menȝhe … in thre depart thame sone
absol. a1400 Leg. S. xvi. 818.
Ilke stage, quha wil depart, Is of a myle the auchtand parte

5. To divide between two or more persons; to distribute. 1375 Barb. v. 118.
The king gert be departit then All haill the reif amang his men
a1400 Leg. S. xxvi. 245.
The byschepe the quhet … has departyt thane
Ib. xl. 1099.
Thar departyt thai thar pray
14.. Acts I. 68/2.
A kow and a schep … to be depertit betwen the kyng and the thayn
1445 Peebles B. Rec. 10.
A pund of wax … to be departyt evinly be the balyheis and the vicar
1456 Hay I. 152/30.
How the gudis suld be departit that ar wonnyn in bataill
Ib. II. 5/8.
He … had devisit and departit his landis … till his barnis
c1420 Ratis R. 38.
Nan vthir infortone can I kene Departit here amange thir mene
1513 Doug. v. xii. 169.
Eneas … Be cavillys syne the tenementis dyd depart
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 44.
Doctor Cranstoun depertit to him largelie of the spoyle of Sanct Saluatouris College

6. intr. To part with a thing. Of a woman: To give birth. (Also const. of.)(1) 1491 Inv. Wardrobe 18.
That thai … be callit to thare compt … to schew how thai departit with the said gold or jowellis and quham to
1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 118.
Gywe it [the bishopric of Aberdeen] waikis, I will nocht want it nor depart with it in na sort
(2) 1533 Boece iii. xvi. 114 b.
Be suddane displesoure scho departit with hir birth
1568 St. A. Kirk S. 305.
Sche hard Margaret Brown say that sche had departit of bairn
1598 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 165.
Elspet Cuming, quha is laitlie departit witht barne to him

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"Depart v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Apr 2024 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/depart_v>

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