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Cummer, Cumber, n.1 Also: cumbir, -byr(e; cummir, -yr, -yir, -eyr, cwmmer, commer; cumer, -ir, -yr; cummar, -are, cumar, cummor. [e.m.E. cumber, comber, ME. kumbre, komber (rare), f. cumber Cummer v. Common in Sc. use earlier than in Eng., and usually in the forms without the b.]

1. Trouble, distress or hardship; a state of difficulty or anxiety. In very common use from c 1535 to 1600. (a) Perchans it may be medycyne The cumbyre that thow art fallyn in; Wynt. v. 3718.
Ib. 3805.
All swylk cumbyre he forsuke; Ib. 5145.
The langsum labor … Quhilk he susteined, The cumber, clamor, and contineuall cair; J. Stewart 47/142.
The peple throuch quhais cumber and cost the bordiris war keipit; Dalr. II. 297/9.
(b) The cairfull cummer and curst calimite Inwolwis all stait, condicioun, and degree; Contempl. Sinn. 12.
Othir privat personis micht have solicitude or gret cummer in espying sic thingis; Bell. Boece II. 312.
To tak on me sic cummer and sic cuir For to defend the rycht; Stewart 7682.
My inemeis and unfrendis … hes callit me before your l. to put me to cummyr and troubill; 1539 Crim. Trials I. 221.
We think the entering of the said capitane sall relefe you of part of cummyir and pyne; 1549 Misc. Spald. C. IV. 52.
Gif I had done utherwyse, it had not failȝied cummyr; 1559 Misc. Wodrow Soc. I. 266.
Gif I cum in cumir throw vant of the samin; c 1577 Waus Corr. I. 169.
Giff commownis to the weir not wend Nobillis may not beir all the cwmer; Maitland Maitl. F. cx. 56.
The Quen … desyred by all meanis possible till eshew commer or any occasion of expensis; Melville Mem. 109.
(c) How Hengist … devisit subtell castis to hald Britouns in cummare and haue thame distroyit; Boece 15.

2. Trouble or disturbance caused by the actions of others. (b) All the laif … [that] To Scotland dalie that tyme maid grit cummer; Stewart 39931.
For stanching of the greit trubill and cumyr dale [= daily] maid to the provest … be Sir James Kar; 1544 Elgin Rec. I. 81.
Inglismen had thame at invie, And purposit to mak thame cummer; Lynd. Meldrum 625.
Quhilkis pretendand rycht to the said complenaris teyndis, makis sic cummer and diversitie that thai can haif na teynding; 1566 Reg. Privy C. I. 479.
Na persone … that beis fund makand other impediment or moves ple or cumer; 1571 Lanark B. Rec. 63.
Erle Douglas … for al the trubl, skaith and cummir, that … he had done … pitifullie cryes mercie; Dalr. II. 64/24.
Upone consideratioune of the grit troubill and cummir committed be Williame Adame … the said Williame to be put in irnis; 1605 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 233.
To releife his cationer … anent the cumer fallen out betuix tham and Walter Eleis; 1606 Melrose R. Rec. I. 8.
(c) Delivir us fra all dangears … of seditioun and battil, of pleyis and cummar; 1552 Hamilton Cat. 270.
Schaw him … Quhat troubill, quhat cummar, and quhat dissentioun fell in the cuntrie; Pitsc. I. 6/26.

b. With possessive pronoun denoting the causer of the trouble. (a) Happyn thow to be hangit in Northumbir, Than all thy kyn ar wele quyte of thy cumbir; Kennedy Flyt. 479.
Sensyne Scotland wes ay quite of thair cumber; Stewart 46443.
I have gotten a supersedere from their present summonds and hopes to be made free of their cumber; 1643 Baillie II. 96.
(b) Quhovsone the said Thomas … ves fre of thair cumir, he cam befoir me; 1558 Prot. Bk. A. Gaw 45.
Lat thea childer want the heidis, which sall … make yow quite of thair cummer; (1569) Bann. Memor. .
Mak me quite of this sillie auld mans cummer; 1582 Reg. Morton I. 134.
Put me to sum solid stand, that I may be quit of thair cummer; 1604 Lett. & State P. Jas. VI 61.
Scho wes compellit to give 400 merkis to be quyte of thair cvmmer; Spalding II. 365.
(c) He was glayde to aggrie with him, and be quyt of his cummar; 1576 Oppress. Orkney 71.

3. An instance of trouble or disturbance. Chiefly in the plural, common c 1545–1600. (b) Thair is mony cummeris now and veray gret trublis now in ȝour absens; 1545 Crosraguel Chart. I. 100.
Becaus the saidis houssis may engenner cummeyris in the cuntre; 1547 Reg. Privy C. I. 82.
Be occasioun of weir, pest, and vtheris cummeris quhilkis hes occurrit laitlie; 1555 Conv. Burghs I. 6.
The end of a cummer salbe the beginning of ane vther; 1571 Fergusson Tracts 77.
This cummer draiff ower quhill the king was xij ȝeiris of aige; Pitsc. I. 305/14.
There falles out sike cummeris tuichin that land, that we ar able to lose the hail ware first; 1592 Crim. Trials I. 325.
Now am I quit, and from your cummers clair; Gardyne Garden 58.
(c) Efter … thay se ony cummaris of slauchteris, tulyeis, or apperance thairof; 1553 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 177.
The place quhair the cumar or tulye is; Ib.
Francis said the office of baillery wes but ane cummar and bot of small proffitt; 1555 Ib. 221.
Sche also deponis that sche for awoyding of pley & cummaris send to George Lewyngstown [etc.]; 1563 Misc. Maitl. C. III. 320.
Quhairvpone followit appeirance of great cummaris; Diurn. Occurr. 129.
In respect of dyuerse trubbilis and cummoris he come vnto; 1616 Crim. Trials III. 404.
This … had to doe With ciuill cummars and commotiounes most; Garden Kings 60.

4. Encumbrance, hindrance. The rouim is nocht convenient … that nother hors men, futmen, nor leid men may gudlie pas by but cummir; 1547 Stirling B. Rec. I. 50.
That thair be ane fre passage to the wautsche to walk nychtlie within the wallis without ony cummer, stope, or impediment; 1573 Peebles B. Rec. 355.

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"Cummer n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Jun 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/cummer_n_1>



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