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Culverin(g, n. Also: culveryn(e, -ene, -an, culwerin, -an, culvreine; culveryng, -wering, cullvering, culw-, culvring; col(l)vering, colwering, -voring, -voryng, coulvering, -werine. [OF. coulevrine. Also e.m.E. culverin (1590), -ing, colverin (1622).]

1. An early form of hand-gun. (a) To Qwariour … to pas to Stirling to get culuerinis to bring to the felde; 1489 Treas. Acc. I. 122.
To ane man of Iohn Bertonis that brocht ane culveryn to the King; 1507–8 Ib. IV. 97.
Ten twahandit swordis, and twa culuerynnis; 1536 Lennox Mun. 242.
Certane culverannes quhilk wes send to the castell of Dumbar, … for resisting of the Inglischemen; 1547 Treas. Acc. IX. 114.
Thai … [schot] richt manfullie With hakbut, bow, and culveryne; Lynd. Meldrum 1119.
Hagbuttis of croche, half haggis, culuerenis, ande hail schot; Compl. 42/1.
Twa hundreith of lang culwerins; Pitsc. II. 118/7.
The King tynt on ane schot with the culveryne xiiij s.; 1588 Treas. Acc. IV. 106.
(b) To Bwte purcyfant, to pas to Leytht for cors bowis and culueringis; 1491 Treas. Acc. I. 181.
For varnesing of the Kingis culveryng and for dighting of ane new fyre put to it ourgilt; 1508 Ib. IV. 123.
Half ane elne canves to be ane kace to ane culvering; 1511 Ib. 317.
Young and able men to get culwerings, cors bowis, and hand bowis, and ws schitting witht the samyn; 1525 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 112.
Ilk man havand xl li. land sall haue ane culvering with cawmys; 1535 Acts II. 345/2.
The squyer … his baner bricht displayit, With culvering, hakbut, bow, and speir; Lynd. Meldrum 1107.
That nane of our Souerane Ladyis liegis sould schute with half hag, culuering, or pistolate at deir; 1551 Acts II. 483/1.
For twa silver culverings … to gif the young men occasioun to leir to schut with the culvering; 1557–8 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 239.
Dartis about him swyftlie could he fling, … Cunning of crosbow, cutthrot, and culuering; 1567 Sat. P. iii. 31.
Ane treasonable traitour … come to Linlythgow with the abbot of Arbrothickis horse and his culwering; Pitsc. II. 222/30.
It is statut that nedir freman nor onfreman … sall beir … culvering, dag, pistoll nor suord upon tham [etc.]; 1580 Elgin Rec. I. 156.
(c) Expensis … for dounhaving of ane balhwfe, colveringis, arrow baggis and bowis [etc.]; 1539 Acts VII. 301.
Beand avand to me viij lib. of mone vsuale of Scotland, for certane colwering, pulder and velwet bocht … be him; 1549 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 275.
A certane French man delivred a coulvering to George Tod, Scottisman, to be stocked; Knox I. 221.
Sum to schut the hand bow, corsebow and collvering; Pitsc. I. 232/9.
In the takine he vos schot with ane coulwerine in the chaftes, and evil hurt; c 1600 Reg. Panmure I. p. xxxi.

2. A species of cannon, long in proportion to its bore. Usually with qualifying term, esp. culvering bastard, c. moyan, gros or demy culvering. (1) [Six carts] chargit with twa culvering myance, gun stanis [etc.]; 1515 Treas. Acc. V. 27.
For ix chargis to the culverings bastardis and culvering moyanis; 1540 Ib. VII. 357.
Ane cannoun, ane culvering myoun and culvering bastart, with other small artalȝe; 1541 Ib. VIII. 271.
Grant me ane culvering bastard, tua culuering mennis, sex hagbuttis of crok, with pouder and bulletis efferand tharto; 1545 Stirlings of Keir 390.
Mak reddy ȝour cannons, culuerene moyens, culuerene bastardis, falcons, saikyrs; Compl. 41/32.
How sone he felt the strenth of the culuering battred, … he randered the hous; Bann. Memor. 43.
(2) ijc iij pece pellokis for the grose culveryngis; 1511 Treas. Acc. IV. 503.
Thair is cumand twa thowsand futt men, … twa grosculweringis and tua battardis; 1571 Waus Corr. I. 78.
Ane gros culvering, monted for the wallis, and nocht for the feildis; Bann. Memor. 107.
The capitane of Edinburgh castell causit bring owt ane cannoin and great culvering owt of the samin; Diurn. Occurr. 234.
The artaillȝe and cannons, sex grose cullveringis, sex battartis [etc.]; Pitsc. I. 400/23.
Ane gros culvering merkit with king Haryis armes having tua new stokkis; 1578 Inv. Wardrobe 248.
Twa bandis of irne for the stok of the gros culwering; 1585 9th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 193/1.
(3) Ane Inglis demy culvering of fonte markit with the rois; 1578 Inv. Wardrobe 251.
Ane uther Inglis demy culvering; Ib.
(4) Thre over bandis of yron for the cannoun and the culvering; 1578 Inv. Wardrobe 255.
Foure moppettis for cannonis, culveringis & moyanis; Ib. 259.
I stayit … attending the shipping of two cannons and one culwring; 1615 Highland P. III. 177.
Ib. 182.

3. Attrib. and comb. with bullet, maker, man, pouder, stok. Cannoun bullettis, … culvreine and demye culvreine bullettis; 1626 Edinb. Castle Acc. (Reg. H.).
Iohnne Bikcartoun, … culveryngmaker; 1541 Treas. Acc. VII. 499.
Ane thowsand culveryng men; 1544 Hamilton P. II. 492.
Thir lordis tuik vp fyve hundreith men of weir of culwering men and vthir; Pitsc. II. 195/29.
Ib. 270/3.
Gevin for x li. of colvering powder to the Kingis grace; 1536 Treas. Acc. VI. 462.
To Alexander Andersoun, dwelland in Elsinure in Denmark, for thre barrellis of culvering powder; 1538 Treas. Acc. VI. 391.
For ane litill b[arrel] colvering powder; 1556–7 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 230.
Of culvering powder, thrie barrell; Bann. Memor. 108.
For careying the cannon stok … and … the great culvering stok; 1618 Linlithgow Palace 340.

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"Culverin(g n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 17 May 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/culvering>



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