A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Crag, Crage, Craig, n.2 Also: cragg; craige, craigg, kraig. [MDu. craghe (Du. kraag) MLG. and MHG. krage. Also in later northern English (1579).]
1. The neck (of a person).
(a) On his crag, or on hys face, … Ay hys a fute he walde set; Wynt. v. 2307.
The thrid he straik throuch his pissand of maile, The crag in twa; Wall. ii. 112.
Braid breyst and heych, with sturdy crag and gret; Ib. ix. 1927.
The said William sall offir and present his crag to the goyf; 1496 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 59.
Thou hes a wedy teuch … about thy crag to rax; Kennedy Flyt. 368.
Sche … Hyr sowpil crag inclynand and nek bayn, Bowyt dovn hyr hed; Doug. xi. xv. 142.
Thomas Ayir wrangit in the … pulling of the said Dauid Gaw be the crag; 1542 Elgin Rec. I. 70.
Oyntand the … crag, and quhar heuyest diseis apperis, supportis greitumlie; Skeyne Breve Descr. 31.
He schew thy mark vnder thy left lug, in thy crag; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 133.
His arrow … lightes upon a auld honest man … and hurts him in the crag; Melvill 308.
(b) On his crage or on his face; Wynt. v. 2293 (C).
He his crage straik ewyn in two; Troy-bk. ii. 2926.
With the swerd awkwart he … his crage in sondre drawe; Wall. i. 408.
Thay covir thair heid and thair cragis, evin to thair schulderis; Bell. Boece II. 179.
Ve sal put ȝour cragis in ane ȝoik; Compl. 101/32.
(c) With cumlie craig that wes bayth greit and fair; Stewart 213.
His helme … On to his craig it closit nocht richt weill; Ib. 36859.
Als sure as standis on craig this heid of mine; Rolland Seven S. 9171.
I [had] lever … his craig had gottin a crak Our the heicht of the stair; (Flemyng) Bann. MS. 161 a/79.
The earle of Angus … pullit the gold chinȝie frome his craige; Pitsc. I. 175/7.
Her craig was like the yallowe burnisht gold; James I Ess. 43.
Jhone Cudbert … straik and bludit the said Gawin on the craig with ane suord; 1592 Lanark B. Rec. 109.
Thay … to be taine and hangit be the craige; 1602 Shetland Sheriff Ct. 10 b.
Marioun tuik her be the craig and pullit her under her feit; 1623 Peebles Gleanings 17.
Ȝe brought with ȝow the Trowis glove, and folded the same about the said Jonet's craige, and the byle brak; 1640 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 167.
I was surprysed with the gutt … in my head, craig, showlderis, and wther pairts of my body; 1661 Carnegie Lett. 350.
He … struck him in the head, craig, shoulders, and side; Mackenzie Laws & C. (1699) 235.
2. The neck of an animal, esp. as part of a carcass.
The heid of every ox that was slane was gevin to the smith … ; the crag, to the forester of the wod; Bell. Boece I. 48.
Ane kow … brocht furth hir birth, quhilk had the crag & hede of ane calf; Boece xiii. viii. 515.
That Jonet Robene [fleschour] … salbe tholit to have seruand to brek the cragis to be sald to puir bodijs; 1545 Stirling B. Rec. I. 40.
Quhilk oxe … brak his crag … in the calling of ane wther yok of oxin on his bak of forse; 1572 Inverness B. Rec. I. 214.
xxxv craiges of hydes, … xxv wambes of hydis; 1586 Edinb. Test. XVI. 42.
Neither sall it be lesum to any flesher … to spuilzie the caircages of beiff or muttone in the craig; 1631 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 37.
Muttoune … on the pairt of the craig or schoulder cuttit frome the bodye to be confiscat; 1637 Ann. Banff I. 81.
3. The neck of a garment.
xviij elnis of small lynnyng to be cragis and ruffis; 1566 Treas. Acc. MS. 37.
Lynnyng bukrem to the nekkis and craigis [of gowns]; 1580 Ib. 18.
Fyftene cloik craigis buttonis at xij s. the pece; 1618 Edinb. Test. I. 165.
4. The neck of a golf-club.
And ye my clubs, you must … hing your heads, and bow your crooked crags; Adamson Muses Thr. 18.
5. Attrib. with bane, buttone, cheinȝie, clath (cloath, etc.), napkin.
Than be the cragbane smertlie he him tuke; Henr. Fab. 2578.
His crag bayne was brokyn in that stede; Wall. ii. 54.
— Tuentie twa silk craig buttones at aucht shillinges the peice; 1632 Edinb. Test. LV. 255 b.
— In taikin quhairof ȝe gaif him ane craig cheinȝie; 1591 Crim. Trials I. 252.
— For two craigcloathes to him; 1651 Stirling B. Rec. II. 308.
5 napkens, 5 craigclaths, 3 bands; 1668 Edinb. Test. LXXIII. 204.
Twenty craig-cloaths and cravatts for men; 1685 Depred. Clan Campbell (1816) 114.
— Fyve craig napkines, twa pair bands; 1645 Edinb. Test. LXI. 145.
Tuo suitte of ilke dayes cleathes, with curches [and] craig napkins both for the weike day and sabboth day; 1659 Brechin Test. VI. 179 b.
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"Crag n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/crag_n_2>
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