A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

Clene, Cleyn(e, Clein(e, a. Also: clen, cleinne, cline, cleen(e, clean(e. [ME. clene, OE. clæne. Cf. Clane a.]

1. Free from dirt or stains. (a) The stryndes … Rynnand throw gravaile quhyt & clene; Troy-bk. i. 263.
That tyme Cryst in clathis clene Wes swelyt; Wynt. v. 1401.
A fair fut-schete, quhite and clene; Hay II. 143/35.
Braid burdis … Cled our with clene clathis; Howlat 673.
Ane knight, Closit in clene steill; Gol. & Gaw. 612.
Clowis of clene maill; Ib. 683.
The fylit clathis away thai drewe, And with clene napry cowerit newe; Seven S. 1542.
Sic fowll tailis, to sweip the calsay clene; Dunb. xiv. 73.
Go clenge thé clene and cum to me; Ib. xxxiv. 35.
That euery nychtbour on euery Setterday at evin mak clene fornent thair awin hous; 1548 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 141.
That nobil kyng … resauit that litil quantite of cleen vattir; Compl. 7/27.
He … saw the wyf baith dry and clene; Wyf of Aucht. 13.
Our ship wes clene and saillit very fast; Montg. Misc. P. xlviii. 109.
To sie that the watter of Clyid … be keipit clene, and vnpolutit … with deid caryouns; 1602 Conv. Burghs II. 152.
(b) Ane othir poynt … is to halde his armouris cleine and faire; Hay II. 31/32.
Thai … airly will rys To kepe the college cleine; Howlat 201.
The sone, as cristall sa cleyne, In scheildis thai schaw; Gol. & Gaw. 478.
The said Iohne sall hald ane sufficient wetchman … he kepand the tour heid cleyn; 1550 Breadalbane P. (Reg. H.) No. 73.
For keiping of Leith Wynd cleine, but middings; 1560–1 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 358.
That … the pulpeit and daskis in the kirk be sowpit and haldin clein; 1589 St. A. Kirk S. 652.
This thay did to keip thame cleine frome all filthines; Dalr. I. 93/28.
Mathow vndertakis to sweip and keip clein the haill battilingis and spoutis, … of baith kirkis; 1635 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 31.
He … sall clenge and make cleine the same [stands] ilk Saturday, with the calsie wheron they ar sett; 1669 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 255.

b. Clear of, free from, something. Quhen that the feld sa clene [C. cleyn] was maid Off Inglis men, that nane abaid; Barb. xiii. 443 (E).
To keip this countrie cline fra forrane strangeris; 1573 Sat. P. xxxix. 24.

c. Free from impurities or foreign substances. Withhalding fra the said Elys … wif lxvj boll of clene broddit aitis; 1478 Acta Aud. 63/2.
Banrentis and baronis … In clathis of clene gold; Gol. & Gaw. 1275.
All baxteris sall have breid of quheit, sufficient gude and clene stuff; 1507 St. A. Baxter Bks. 85.
Quhen … thame list swarmys furth bryng, Or in camys inclus thar hwny cleyn; Doug. i. vii. 29.
To gyf … ix ellis of ell braid claitht of ilk stan of clen vow; 1526 Carnwath Baron Ct. 30.
Of clene gold wowyn in frenȝeis liiii unce; 1538 Treas. Acc. VII. 112.
Ane small barrell of pulder contenand v stane … clene pulder; 1544 Ib. VIII. 307.
Eat-bredd … of cleane eatmeill, onmixit with ony vthir stuffe; 1608 St. A. Baxter Bks. 72.
Thrie buistis of browne clein candie; 1616 Edinb. Test. XLIX. 160 b.
Butter, ayther fresh or salt, fowl or clein; 1642 Stirling Merch. Guild 58.
lx bollis … of good cleine quheitt with thrie bollis … of bleckit quheitt; 1662 Edinb. Test. LXX. 274.

d. Free from disease or infection. That na … brousteris sell ony aile till man or weman bot to kennyt & clene folk; 1499 Prestwick B. Rec. 36.
That na infectit persoun … convers with clene folkis vnder the pain of deid; 1513 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 139.
The counsale … chairges all maner of lipper folkis that … thai convers nocht amang clene folks; 1528 Ib. 232.
Quhen the plag of pestilens occurris, ve ar solist to seik ane cleene duelling place; Compl. 34/24.
Thocht he war the clenest man thairout, Maist fair of face [etc.]; Rolland Seven S. 5963.
Ihonn Forest … to serue in the clene mwre as ane clene clenger; 1585 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 419.
That Iohne Walker … be cleangit and be maid ane cleane cleinger; 1647 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 119.

2. Morally pure or blameless; chaste. (a) Quha enteryt thare Suld cume of it fer clennare; Leg. S. xli. 170.
Pollicene, The kynges doughtre, virgyne clene; Troy-bk. ii. 1518.
Scho madyne clene was as beforne; Wynt. v. 4838.
Lemman had he nane na wyff; Bot clene and honest wes hys lyff; Ib. vii. 610.
Gude lyf … is mekle to pris in men of armes, for quhen thai ar clene, than ar thai hardy as lyoune; Hay I. 60/12.
Kene knychtis of kynd, clene of maneris; Howlat 332.
To her mes with clen hart & gud deuotioune; Vert. Mess 3926, etc.
Thi counsalouris … suld be clene of consciens; Irland Mir. I. 13/35.
Lauborous diligence, gude warkis, clene leuing; Doug. Pal. Hon. iii. 530.
Repent thé, man, and kepe thi conscience clene; Dunb. xc. 67.
Ane accusar suld be cleene but vice; Compl. 138/15.
I haue keipit my clene virginitie; Rolland Seven S. 1090.
Godds trew wourd, moist clene and pure; Lauder Off. Kings 311.
To … obey hir husband and keep hir body clene; Pitsc. I. 379/15.
Tua tuins of clene virginitie; Montg. Misc. P. xxxv. 51.
(b) The madyne cleyne; Wynt. iv. 1424.
Thow suld traist that scho was virgyn pure and cleyn; Lib. Plusc. 387.
Sche was the moder of God in cleyne and pure virginite; Irland Mir. I. 153/6.
A cleyn sacrifyce … maid I syne; Doug. iii. iii. 55.
This haly religyus woman cleyn; Ib. vi. 202.
Thou sal … be cleyne in thocht and honest in wark; Gau 23/16.
Ane cleyne bairne without ony syne; Ib. 40/2.
I askit of hyr the caus quhy sche wald not perfyt hyr promys mayd to Patrik. Hyr ansuer wes … that he wes nocht cleyn of his body; 1565 St. A. Kirk S. 250.
No wardlie thing sould thé effray Gif thow till him have conscience clein; Arbuthnot Maitl. Q. xxxvii. 34.
That pure and cleine clostir perteining to the sisteris of the Scheines besyd Edinburghe; Dalr. I. 23/22.

b. Devoid of, free from, sin, vice, etc. He baptyste hyre, & mad clene Of al hyr firste synnis bedene; Leg. S. xxxiv. 225.
He suld schrive him clene of all synnys and defaultis; Hay II. 41/13.
O blosum blithe … , Fra carnale cryme that clene is; Henr. III. 148/64.
That fayr sweit thing … clene of lustis curst experience; Doug. K. Hart 936.
He … Baptist wes thair, thocht he was cleyne of syn; Kennedy Pass. Christ 216.
That I may be clein fra all smot of blame; Winȝet I. 26/10.
Thay suld be clene of euery vyce, And, speciallie, of couatyce; Lauder Off. Kings 461.
Keip clene your handis fra wrangus geir; 1567 Sat. P. v. 82.
Sa lang as the quene keipit … hir body cleine frome leichorie; Pitsc. I. 280/22.

3. Free from defect; efficient, capable. Quhen the king his ost has sene So gret, and sa gud men and clene; Barb. xi. 141 (E).
The king left with a clene mengné; Ib. 427.
Schir Gawayne … With ane clene contenance, cumly to knaw, Said [etc.]; Gol. & Gaw. 397.
My lord, than said the clerk sa clene, Ȝe have consauit quhat I mene; Seven S. 779.

4. Free from blame or fault; innocent. Romule … regnand was auchtene Yheris ful in dedis clene [C. cleyn]; Wynt. iv. 30.
The purpos in mysdedis makis the man foule or clene; Hay I. 134/31.
David Cupir is made cleyne of strublance; 1500 Dunferm. B. Rec. 103.
Ȝour self excuse and mak ȝow foule or clene; Doug. K. Hart 622.
My lord folloit Thome Henschaw in iugement for pykre. The inqueist findis him ane clen man thairof, & quittis him of all pykre; 1524 Carnwath Baron Ct. 13.
Our said … lord was present & maid clene and quite tharof; 1542 Acts II. 417/2.
[They bade him] Gif he was clene, thair schaw his innocence; Rolland C. Venus ii. 646.
To mak him self clene of that suspitioun; Buch. Wr. 28.
The Erle Bothwell … denyed the cryme, and said … that he was clein of that fact; Pitsc. II. 196/17.
Quhill he be tryit foull or clene of the crymes quhairof he is dilait, [he cannot get execution against him]; 1589 Reg. Privy C. IV. 343.
Gif he be made quit, and cleane, all his gudes salbe restored to him; Skene Reg. Maj. 33.
Gif they be fundin clene and innocent, the persone complinand salbe punisched with all regour; Bisset I. 119/14.

b. Impartial, fair, just. Thir ladyis all war chosin … On the assyis, … And sworne also for to gif sentence clene; Rolland C. Venus iii. 52.

c. Free from occupation, or duty. The hour sa spendit, thay ar clene, Euin as the preistis, thair matynis said; 1573 Sat. P. xlii. 538.

5. Pure, unmixed, complete. Sum that ware clene Inglis men; Wynt. viii. 4157.
I dreid ȝour recompence Sal be nocht ellis bot clene confusioun; Lynd. Mon. 2532.
Thay heisit vp sails with all thair clene curage; Rolland Seven S. 562.
The clene contrare sall cum to pas but dout; 1567 Sat. P. vi. 63.
The Romanis meitis him, furious and wod, … partlie of cleine desparatione; Dalr. I. 166/20.

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Clene adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 May 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/clene_adj>



Try an Advanced Search

Browse DOST: