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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Chyre, Chire, n.1 Also: chyir, chir, chiyr. [Variant of Chyar, common in 16–17th c. See also Schyre.] A chair.Also carpet, compter, stray, wainscot, wand chyre; chyre of destiny, of verity: see these words.(a) 1533 Bell. Livy II. 211/18.
Thai sat doun in evore chyris
1535 Stewart 51829.
Erle Thomas … Set him self in till ane chyre doun syne
1548 Treas. Acc. IX. 260.
Ane chyre to the same chalmer
1552 Ib. X. 143.
Certane chyris, stulis, and sconsis
a1540 Freiris Berw. 220.
Ga clois ȝone burd, and tak away the chyre [: fyre]
1558 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 140.
Thay quha convenis in generale counsalis occupyis the place and chyir of Moyses
1568 Edinb. Guild Acc. 6.
Ane hale cut of ane wanescot to be the beid to the chyre
1581 Sat. P. xliv. 41.
That chyre of Antichrist and desolation
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Clan-makduf.
That the Earle of Fife suld set vp the King in his chyre, the time of his coronation
1613 Conv. Burghs II. 428.
The Maister … sall furnish the said hous sufficientlie with beds, bedding, taibles, benks, stuiles, chyres [etc.]
1635 Haddington Mem. II. 302.
Thrie armed chyres
1642 Edinb. Test. LX. 152 b.
Ane bakitt chyre
1659 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 426.
To tack notice what weomen hes seats sett in the Laigh Kirk who hes chyres in wther kirkes
1667 Peebles B. Rec. II. 73.
Andrew Haldine … to repaire the chyre brokine be him
c 1670 Douglas Chart. 343.
Ane gret chyre and ane cuting boord
(b) 1540 Maxwell Mem. I. 283.
Ane baik stule, … a chire
1541 Ib.
Ane chiyr
1542 Acts & Decr. I. 140 b.
Ane chire of carvit werk
1550 Treas. Acc. IX. 455.
To covir tua chiris … aucht elnis veluet
1569 Ib. MS. 162.
Weluote to couer chiris, stulis, and cuscheingis
1594 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 531.
I boucht ane chire … to the provest to sit on in the kirk

b. Attrib. with stule, table. 1597 Edinb. Test. XXXI. 93 b.
He leuis to … his eldest sone his … chyre stule with his bed
1646 Ib. LXII. 45.
Ane dresser … Ane chyre tabill
1664 Ib. LXXI. 376.
Ane old little falding chyre table

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"Chyre n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Apr 2024 <>



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