A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Chopin, Choppin, n. Also: chopine, -ing, -yn, chopen(e, -ein(e, -eing, choipin; chopping, -ein(e, -ene, choippen, choppoun. [ME. chopyn (rare), OF. chopine. Cf. Schoppin and Chapin.]

1. A liquid (rarely dry) measure equal to a (Scottish) half pint. (a) Sua this new boll now maid weyis mare than the auld boll be xli lib., quhilkis makis twa galonnis & a half & a chopyn of the auld mete; 1425 Acts II. 12/1.
A yetlyne pane of a chopyn; 1507 Dunferm. B. Rec. 163.
For ane chopin of oil doliue to the bellis, iij s.; 1541 Ayr Common Good Acc. MS.
For ane chopine ule to the bell; 1560–1 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 124.
The vj regentis euery man thre chopins of ayl … dayly; Buch. Wr. 6.
vii chopenes of winiger; 1607 Misc. Maitl. C. I. 167.
He … thairefter ȝeid with him … to get ane chopein of wine; 1614 Crim. Trials III. 352.
For euirie chopin they [the wives] sall drink they sall sit xxiiij houris in the lang gadde; 1621 Black Bk. Taymouth 359.
Thrie pans of brass, therof ane of sex pynts, ane uther of fywe chopins, the uther thrie mutchkins; 1630 Bamff Chart. 224.
Five chopins of wyn, … 5 chopins of ayll; 1663–4 Irvine Mun. II. 267.
Ane muchkin of seck and ane chopeing of aiell; 1676 Ib. 274.
For every three pound of stampt fruit, use a chopin of water; 1683 Reid Scots Gardner 174.
(b) For thre choppinnis of oly lingeat to it [sc. the port-cullis]; 1504 Treas. Acc. II. 277.
Ane confrarie and bruderheid of ventaris of wyne quhilkis payit of euerye puntioun wyne ane choppoun to Sanct Anthonis alter; 1561 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 111.
The kow [to] give ane choppin [that] wes wont give a quart; Montg. Flyt. 470 (T).
Ane choippen of wyne and ane lang breid; 1610 Irvine Mun. II. 251.
Aucht pyntis and ane choppein of Spanish wyne; 1644–5 Misc. Spald. C. V. 164.
That he prophanelie asked, quhat he could doe, till the last bell on the Lords day, bot goe and drinke a chopping of wyne; 1646 St. Andr. Presb. 35.
2 quarts aill … a choppein wyn; 1661–2 Irvine Mun. II. 264.
One choppin of seck; 1680 Ib. 277.

2. A vessel of this capacity. A quart, a chopin of tynne; 1478 Acta Aud. 67/1.
The baillies sall caus all … pyntis, quhartis and chopynnis to cum to the tolbuith, and met and misour the samyn; 1528 Stirling B. Rec. I. 33.
Ane quart, ane poynt, and ane choppin; 1541 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 176.
That na maner of taverneris sell thair wynis … with ony chopin bot with the chopin that hes the townis merk; 1546 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 123.
That na ressaving of wyne be fundin … to the tauernaris choppingis in the nychtbouris pyntis; 1551 Ib. 161.
For making of the jug met of bras, pynt and chopin, vpoune his awin expenssis; 1581 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 85.
All thair bynd of stoippis, … as quartis, pyntis, choipines and mutskines; 1595 Ib. 172.

3. Attrib. with bickar, flacoun, mould. Ane choppin flacoun, ane tin wattir pot; c 1578 Maxwell Mem. I. 312.
Ane tin flacoun; ane chopin flacon; 1589 Exch. R. XXII. 73.
Fyue choppin bickaris; 1637 Brechin Test. V. 221.
Ane choppeine mould with ane lid; 1645 Edinb. Test. LXI. 184 b.

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"Chopin n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Feb 2020 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/chopin>



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